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: -*- html -*-
updated: 2012-06-28 15:54+02
year: 2011
author: zrajm
lang: en
Klingon Language Certification Program
======================================
This page describes a project of the [Klingon Language Institute](http://kli.org/). If you go to a
{qep'a'} (and a few other select places) you may there take a test to certify
your knowledge in Klingon. This page is here to archive what is required to
attain the various levels described by the KLCP, as this data is incorporated
into the online version of the [Klingon Pocket Dictionary](dict/).
This information was taken from [d'Armond Speers
webpage](http://www.speers.nu/Holtej/klingon/guidelines.htm) and re-vamped to
order to make it look like the printout of the same document that zrajm
obtained at the {qep'a'} in 2001. The text of the original (excluding CSS, HTML
code and whitespace) has been left unchanged.
* * *
<img style="float:left;margin:0 1em 1em 0;" src="pic/klibutton.gif" width=146 height=147>
<h1 style="font-family:serif">Klingon Language Certification Program</h1>
The Klingon Language Certification Program (KLCP) is a sponsored project of the
[Klingon Language Institute](http://www.kli.org/) (KLI).
<br>[Original document](http://www.speers.nu/Holtej/klingon/guidelines.htm) by
d'Armond Speers, copyright (c) 2002 (<time
datetime="2002-02-10">February 10, 2002</time>)
<br>HTML/CSS (text itself not changed) by [zrajm](mailto:zrajm@klingonska.org)
(<time datetime="2011-09-29">September 29, 2011</time>)
# Certification Guidelines #
<!--
Table of Contents
1. <a href="#1">Introduction</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1.1 <a href="#1.1">Overview</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1.2 <a href="#1.2">Question Format</a><br>
2. <a href="#2">Level I: {Hol patlh taghwI'}, "Beginner"</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.1 <a href="#2.1">Source</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.2 <a href="#2.2">Material</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.3 <a href="#2.3">Sample Questions</a><br>
3. <a href="#3">Level II: {Hol patlh ghojwI'}, "Intermediate"</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3.1 <a href="#3.1">Source</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3.2 <a href="#3.2">Material</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3.3 <a href="#3.3">Sample Questions</a><br>
4. <a href="#4">Level III: {Hol patlh po'wI'}, "Advanced"</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.1 <a href="#4.1">Source</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.2 <a href="#4.2">Material</a><br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.2.1 <a href="#4.2.1">Main Questions</a></br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.2.1 <a href="#4.2.2">Idioms</a></br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.2.1 <a href="#4.2.3">Reading Comprehension</a></br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.3 <a href="#4.3">Sample Questions</a><br>
5. <a href="#5">Level IV: Grammarian</a><br>
6. <a href="#6">Appendix: Beginner's Vocabulary</a>
-->
## [1] 1. Introduction ##
### [1.1] 1.1. Overview ###
This document describes the certification guidelines for the Klingon Language
Certification Program (KLCP). The guidelines describe the certification levels
awarded by the KLI upon successful completion of certification exams, the
language skills that are tested for each certification level, and also will
contain sample questions and answers for each level's exam. This document is to
be used both as a guide for developing the certification Test Bank, and as a
guide to the student who wishes to prepare for the certification exams.
These are testing materials, not educational materials. While this document
describes guidelines for the language skills addressed by each level of
certification, it does not attempt to teach the student about those language
skills.
### [1.2] 1.2. Question Format ###
The questions will either be translation, fill-in-the-blank, or require answers
to questions about grammar. An example of each type is provided here.
<table class=noborder>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>Translation
<td>1a.
<td>Translate the following sentence:
<br>{SuS'a'mo' pum Sorvetlh}
<br>["That tree fell because of the powerful wind."]
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>
<td>1b.
<td>Translate the following sentence:
<br>"The guard chased the prisoner out of the jail."
<br>[{bIghHa'vo' qama' tlha' 'avwI'}]
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td class=nobr>Fill-in-the-blank
<td>2a.
<td>Don't speak!
<br>{yIjatlh___}
<br>[{-Qo'}]
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>
<td>2b.
<td>{ya ghaH wo'rIv'e'}
<br>Worf is the __________.
<br>["tactical officer"]
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>Grammar
<td>3a.
<td>What is the connotation of using {-mey} with a noun capable of
language?
<br>[scattered all about]
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>
<td>3b.
<td>What is the connotation of using a general possessive suffix on a noun
capable of language?
<br>[insult]
</tbody>
</table>
In the {po'wI'} "advanced" tests, there will also be questions on
reading comprehension. The test will include a short story, followed by 5
questions about the events described in the story.
In the {pab pIn} "grammarian" test, the questions take on a different
form. The test taker is asked to judge the grammaticality of sentences, and
explain any problems in the grammar. The test for this level also includes
essay questions.
## [2] 2. Level I: {Hol patlh taghwI'}, "Beginner" ##
### [2.1] 2.1. Source ###
The beginner's test will consist of 20 questions from the following material.
The grammar and vocabulary will come exclusively from <i>TKD</i>, and no other
sources. For the vocabulary, there is a list of 500 common words from
<i>TKD</i>, which all beginners should learn, and the questions in this section
of the test will use vocabulary only from this list. See the appendix at the
end of these guidelines for the beginner's vocabulary.
### [2.2] 2.2. Material ###
<table>
<tr>
<th>Topic
<th>Source
<tr>
<td>Syllable stress
<td><i>TKD</i> 1.3, p. 17
<tr>
<td>Parts of speech
<td><i>TKD</i> 2, p. 18
<tr>
<td>NS1 {-'a'} <<augmentative>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.1, p. 21
<tr>
<td>NS1 {-Hom} <<diminutive>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.1, p. 21
<tr>
<td>NS3 {-qoq} <<so-called>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.3, p. 24
<tr>
<td>NS3 {-Hey} <<apparent>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.3, p. 24
<tr>
<td>NS3 {-na'} <<definite>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.3, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-wIj} <<my>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-wI'} <<my>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-lIj} <<your>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-lI'} <<your>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-maj} <<our>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-ma'} <<our>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-Daj} <<his/her/its/their>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 25
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-vam} <<this>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 26
<tr>
<td>NS4 {-vetlh} <<that>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.4, p. 26
<tr>
<td>NS5 {-Daq} <<locative>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.5, p. 27--28
<tr>
<td>NS5 {-vo'} <<from>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.5, p. 28
<tr>
<td>NS5 {-mo'} <<due to, because of>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.5, p. 28
<tr>
<td>NS5 {-'e'} <<topic>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.5, p. 29
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {jI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {bI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {ma-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {qa-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {vI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {cho-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {mu-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {Da-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix (null)
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>VS1 {-'egh} <<self>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.1, p. 35
<tr>
<td>VS1 {-chuq }<<each other>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.1, p. 36
<tr>
<td>VS2 {-nIS} <<need>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.2, p. 36
<tr>
<td>VS2 {-rup} <<ready>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.2, p. 36
<tr>
<td>VS2 {-qang} <<willing>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.2, p. 36
<tr>
<td>VS2 {-beH} <<ready>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.2, p. 36--37
<tr>
<td>VS2 {-vIp} <<afraid>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.2, p. 37
<tr>
<td>VS3 {-choH} <<change>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.3, p. 37
<tr>
<td>VS3 {-qa'} <<again/resume>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.3, p. 37--38
<tr>
<td>VS4 {-moH} <<cause>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.4, p. 38
<tr>
<td>VS5 {-laH} <<ability>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.5, p. 39
<tr>
<td>VS6 {-ba'} <<obviously>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.6, p. 175 (addendum)
<tr>
<td>VS6 {-law'} <<apparently>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.6, p. 40
<tr>
<td>VS6 {-bej} <<certainly>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.6, p. 40
<tr>
<td>VS6 {-chu'} <<clearly/perfectly>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.6, p. 40
<tr>
<td>VS8 {-neS} <<honorific>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.8, p. 43
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-'a'} <<interrogative>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 44
<tr>
<td>Rover {-be'} <<negation>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.3, p. 46
<tr>
<td>Rover {-qu'} <<emphatic>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.3, p. 48--49
<tr>
<td>Pronouns
<td><i>TKD</i> 5.1, p. 51--52
<tr>
<td>Conjunctions
<td><i>TKD</i> 5.3, p. 55
<tr>
<td>Exclamations
<td><i>TKD</i> 5.5, p. 57
<tr>
<td>Question {chay'} <<how>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 6.4, p. 68--70
<tr>
<td>Question {ghorgh} <<when>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 6.4, p. 68--70
<tr>
<td>Question {'ar} <<how many>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 6.4, p. 68--70
<tr>
<td>Question {qatlh} <<why>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 6.4, p. 68--70
</table>
### [2.3] 2.3. Sample Questions ###
<table class=noborder>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>1.
<td>Instructions
<td>Fill in the blank.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>How many enemies do you see?
<tr>
<td>
<td>
<td>{jagh _____ Dalegh}
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>{'ar}
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>2.
<td>Instructions
<td>Translate the following sentence:
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>This door is shut.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>{SoQ lojmItvam}
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>3.
<td>Instructions
<td>
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>Identify the parts of speech in Klingon.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>Nouns, verbs, and everything else.
</tbody>
</table>
## [3] 3. Level II: {Hol patlh ghojwI'}, "Intermediate" ##
### [3.1] 3.1. Source ###
The Intermediate test will consist of 20 questions drawn from the following
material. The grammar and vocabulary will come exclusively from <i>TKD</i>, and
no other sources. In this section, questions will use any grammar and
vocabulary found in <i>TKD</i> (2nd printing).
### [3.2] 3.2. Material ###
<table>
<tr>
<th>Topic
<th>Source
<tr>
<td>Compound nouns
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.2.1, p. 19
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-wI'} <<thing/one which is/does>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.2.2, p. 19,
<br><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 44
<tr>
<td>NS2 {-Du'} <<body part plural>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.2, p. 23
<tr>
<td>NS2 {-mey} <<general plural>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.2, p. 23
<tr>
<td>NS2 {-pu'} <<language-user plural>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.2, p. 23
<tr>
<td>Inherent plurals
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.2, p. 23--24
<tr>
<td>NS5 {-vaD} <<beneficiary>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.3.5, p. 28,
<br><i>TKD</i> 6.8 p. 180 (addendum)
<tr>
<td>N1-N2 genitives
<td><i>TKD</i> 3.4, p. 30
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {bo-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {che-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {DI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {Du-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {ju-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {lI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {lu-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {nI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {nu-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {pI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {re-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {Sa-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {Su-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {tu-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Verb prefix {wI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.1, p. 32--34
<tr>
<td>Imperative verb prefix {gho-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.2, p. 34--35
<tr>
<td>Imperative verb prefix {HI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.2, p. 34--35
<tr>
<td>Imperative verb prefix {pe-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.2, p. 34--35
<tr>
<td>Imperative verb prefix {tI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.2, p. 34--35
<tr>
<td>Imperative verb prefix {yI-}
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.1.2, p. 34--35
<tr>
<td>VS5 {-lu'} <<indefinite subject>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.5, p. 38--39
<tr>
<td>VS7 {-ta'} <<accomplished>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.7, p. 41--42
<tr>
<td>VS7 {-taH} <<continuous>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.7, p. 42
<tr>
<td>VS7 {-lI'} <<in progress>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.7, p. 42--43
<tr>
<td>VS7 {-pu'} <<perfective>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.7, p.41
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-mo'} <<due to/because>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 175 (addendum)
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-jaj} <<may>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 175--176 (addendum)
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-ghach} <<nominalizer>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 176 (addendum)
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-chugh} <<if>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 43
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-DI'} <<as soon as/when>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 43
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-pa'} <<before>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 43
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-vIS} <<while>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 43--44
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-bogh} <<relative clause>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 44,
<br><i>TKD</i> 6.2.3, p. 63--64
<tr>
<td>VS9 {-meH} <<purpose clause>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.2.9, p. 44,
<br><i>TKD</i> 6.2.4, p. 64--65
<tr>
<td>Rover {-Qo'} <<won't>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.3, p. 47
<tr>
<td>Rover {-Ha'} <<undo>>
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.3, p. 47--48
<tr>
<td>Adjectives
<td><i>TKD</i> 4.4, p. 49--50
<tr>
<td>Numbers
<td><i>TKD</i> 5.2, p. 52--55
<tr>
<td>Adverbs
<td><i>TKD</i> 5.4, p. 55--57, 177--178 (addendum)
<tr>
<td>Sentences as object
<td><i>TKD</i> 6.2.5, p. 65--67
<tr>
<td>Pronouns as "to be"
<td><i>TKD</i> 6.3, p. 67--68
</table>
### [3.3] 3.3. Sample Questions ###
<table class=noborder>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>1.
<td>Instructions
<td>Fill in the blank.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>May you die before your children do.
<tr>
<td>
<td>
<td>{Heghpa' puqpu'lI' __________.}
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>{bIHeghjaj}
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>2.
<td>Instructions
<td>Translate the following sentence.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>{De' lI'bogh boleghpu''a'?}
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>Have you (plural) seen the information that he transmitted?
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>3.
<td>Instructions
<td>Identify the subject and object indicated by the following
prefix
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>{tu-}
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>Subject: you (plural)
<br>Object: me
</tbody>
</table>
## [4] 4. Level III: {Hol patlh po'wI'}, "Advanced" ##
### [4.1] 4.1. Source ###
The Advanced test will consist of 30 questions drawn from the following
material. In this test, additional canon sources beyond <i>TKD</i> (grammar and
vocabulary) will be included. This includes all canon sources listed in the
[FAQ](http://www.speers.nu/Holtej/klingon/faq.htm#3.10), including primarily
(but not exclusively) <i>Klingon for the Galactic Traveler </i>(<i>KGT</i>),
and articles written by Marc Okrand and published in {HolQeD}.
### [4.2] 4.2. Material ###
The Advanced test will consist of 30 questions: 20 main questions, 5 idioms,
and 5 in reading comprehension.
The 20 main questions are presented in the same format as the previous two
tests. Each specific issue will not be listed here; instead, examples for each
category will be shown.
#### [4.2.1] 4.2.1. Main Questions ####
<table class=noborder>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td colspan=2>Grammar and language use post-<i>TKD</i>
<tr>
<td>Example:
<td>{nargh 'eb} "too late"
<tr>
<td>Example:
<td>NS5 {-'e'} "topic" used to disambiguate the head noun
of a relative clause.
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td colspan=2>Little-known grammar rules
<tr>
<td>Example:
<td>It is culturally taboo to use the VS2 suffix {-vIp} with a
first-person subject prefix.
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td colspan=2>Regional variation in grammar
<tr>
<td>Example:
<td>In toasts, the last word is always the verb, except in Sakrej and
No'hvadut dialects.
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td colspan=2>Societal variation in vocabulary
<tr>
<td>Example:
<td>{Dargh HIvje'} "teacup" (general) vs. {tu'lum}
"teacup" (upper-class only)
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td colspan=2>Specialized vocabulary
<tr>
<td>Example:
<td>{ghe'naQ nIt} "Grand Opera"
</tbody>
</table>
#### [4.2.2] 4.2.2. Idioms ####
For the questions on idioms, you will be asked to provide the idiomatic
interpretation of an expression. For example, {pe'vIl bI'chu'}, "do something
all at once."
#### [4.2.3] 4.2.3. Reading Comprehension ####
In the reading comprehension section, you will have a short passage to read in
Klingon. The text will be followed by five questions on the subject matter. The
questions are written in Klingon, and you will provide your answers in Klingon.
### [4.3] 4.3. Sample Questions ###
<table class=noborder>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>1.
<td>Instructions
<td>Translate the following sentence.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>It's too late for you to spit out the poison.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>{nargh tar DatlhISmeH 'eb}
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>2.
<td>Instructions
<td>
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>Explain the difference between {yaS} and {'utlh}.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>{yaS} "officer" vs. {'utlh} "officer"
(emeritus)
</tbody>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>3.
<td>Instructions
<td>Explain the idiomatic interpretation of the following
expression.
<tr>
<td>
<td>Question
<td>{pe'vIl bI'chu'}
<tr>
<td>
<td>Answer
<td>Do something all at once
</tbody>
</table>
## [5] 5. Grammarian ##
The grammarian test is a little different than the others. The test is in two
parts. The first part of test will consist of a collection of sentences, some
grammatical, most not. The grammarian will have to provide an explanation of
the grammatical details of the sentence, including an explanation for why the
sentence may be ungrammatical. There will be 10 questions of this type. The
material will cover all known canon sources for Klingon grammar, including
issues that may still not be clearly understood.
The second part of the test will be an essay, a written response to an essay
question.
## [6] 6. Appendix: Beginner's Vocabulary ##
The following 500 vocabulary items are from <i>TKD</i>. All questions in [the
Level I: Beginner's exam](#_2) use vocabulary only from this list. Due to
copyright restrictions, only the English translation is included here; please
refer to <i>TKD</i> for the Klingon translation.
<p class=noindent>ability, (n)
<br>accept, (v)
<br>accompany, (v)
<br>accomplish, (v)
<br>accomplishment, (n)
<br>ache, hurt, be sore, (v)
<br>achieve, (v)
<br>achievement, (n)
<br>acquire, obtain, get, (v)
<br>act, take action, (v)
<br>add, (v)
<br>additional one, other one, (n)
<br>admit, (v)
<br>advice, (n)
<br>advise, (v)
<br>afternoon, (n)
<br>alien, foreigner, (n)
<br>allow, permit, (v)
<br>alter, change, (v)
<br>analyze, (v)
<br>animal, (n)
<br>answer, reply, (v)
<br>approach, go away from, proceed, come, follow (a course), (v)
<br>area above, area overhead, (n)
<br>area below, area under, (n)
<br>area beside, area next to, (n)
<br>area between, (n)
<br>arm, (n)
<br>arrive, (v)
<br>ask, (v)
<br>attack, (v)
<br>attempt, try, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>bar, saloon, cocktail lounge, (n)
<br>battle, (n)
<br>be a problem, be a hassle, (v)
<br>be absent, (v)
<br>be accomplished, finished, (v)
<br>be advanced, highly developed, (v)
<br>be all gone, (v)
<br>be alone, (v)
<br>be angry, mad, (v)
<br>be bad, (v)
<br>be beautiful, handsome, (v)
<br>be big, (v)
<br>be black, (v)
<br>be boring, (v)
<br>be brave, (v)
<br>be calm, (v)
<br>be careful, (v)
<br>be clean, (v)
<br>be clever, smart, intelligent, (v)
<br>be closed, shut, (v)
<br>be clumsy, (v)
<br>be cold, (v)
<br>be confused, mixed up, (v)
<br>be counterfeit, false, fake, (v)
<br>be crazy, (v)
<br>be dangerous, (v)
<br>be depressed, (v)
<br>be different, (v)
<br>be difficult, (v)
<br>be dirty, (v)
<br>be dishonest, (v)
<br>be drunk, intoxicated, (v)
<br>be dry, (v)
<br>be dull, uninteresting, (v)
<br>be easy, (v)
<br>be enough, sufficient, (v)
<br>be essential, necessary, (v)
<br>be excited, (v)
<br>be expert, skilled, (v)
<br>be famous, well known, (v)
<br>be fat, (v)
<br>be fat, (v)
<br>be few, be several, be a handful, (v)
<br>be final, last, (v)
<br>be fortunate, lucky, (v)
<br>be free, independent, (v)
<br>be frozen, (v)
<br>be funny, (v)
<br>be good, (v)
<br>be green, blue, yellow, (v)
<br>be grouchy, mean, (v)
<br>be happy, (v)
<br>be hard (like a rock, (v)
<br>be healthy, (v)
<br>be heavy, (v)
<br>be honored, (v)
<br>be hot, (v)
<br>be hungry, (v)
<br>be identical, (v)
<br>be impressive, (v)
<br>be inferior, (v)
<br>be interesting, (v)
<br>be lazy, (v)
<br>be light, bright, (v)
<br>be many, (v)
<br>be messy, sloppy, (v)
<br>be nervous, uneasy, (v)
<br>be new, (v)
<br>be old (not new), (v)
<br>be old (not young), (v)
<br>be open, opened, (v)
<br>be orange, red, (v)
<br>be pleased, (v)
<br>be present (not absent), (v)
<br>be proud, (v)
<br>be qualified, (v)
<br>be quiet, (v)
<br>be remote, far, (v)
<br>be responsible, (v)
<br>be right, correct, (v)
<br>be rough, (v)
<br>be sad, (v)
<br>be satisfied, (v)
<br>be serious, (v)
<br>be sharp, (v)
<br>be sick, ill, (v)
<br>be simple, (v)
<br>be small, (v)
<br>be smooth, (v)
<br>be sour, (v)
<br>be special, exceptional, (v)
<br>be strong, (v)
<br>be stupid, (v)
<br>be temporary, (v)
<br>be the same, (v)
<br>be thirsty, (v)
<br>be tired, (v)
<br>be together, (v)
<br>be tough, (v)
<br>be trivial, trifling, unimportant, (v)
<br>be true, (v)
<br>be useful, (v)
<br>be varied, various, (v)
<br>be weak, (v)
<br>be weird, (v)
<br>be wet, (v)
<br>be white, (v)
<br>be wrong, (v)
<br>beam (aboard, (v)
<br>become, (v)
<br>believe, (v)
<br>bend, (v)
<br>betray, (v)
<br>birthday, (n)
<br>bite, (v)
<br>blame, (v)
<br>blood, (n)
<br>board, go aboard, (v)
<br>body, (n)
<br>book, (n)
<br>boot, (n)
<br>borrow, (v)
<br>boss, (n)
<br>boy, (n)
<br>break, (v)
<br>breakfast, (n)
<br>breath, (v)
<br>bring, (v)
<br>brother, (n)
<br>building, structure, (n)
<br>burn, (v)
<br>buy, purchase, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>calculate, (v)
<br>calendar, (n)
<br>captain, (n)
<br>care (about, (v)
<br>carry, convey, (v)
<br>cause trouble, (v)
<br>chair, (n)
<br>charming (used only ironically), (excl)
<br>chase, follow, (v)
<br>cheat, (v)
<br>cheek, (n)
<br>chew, (v)
<br>child, offspring, (n)
<br>chocolate, (n)
<br>choose, select, (v)
<br>chronometer, (n)
<br>city, (n)
<br>climb, (v)
<br>close in, get closer, come nearer, (v)
<br>cloud, (n)
<br>communicate, (v)
<br>compete, (v)
<br>computer, (n)
<br>concentrate on, focus on, think only about, (v)
<br>connect, (v)
<br>conquer, (v)
<br>contain (have inside), (v)
<br>control, (v)
<br>cook, (v)
<br>country, countryside, (n)
<br>coward, (n)
<br>cry, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>danger, (n)
<br>data, information, (n)
<br>daughter, (n)
<br>day, (n)
<br>debate, (v)
<br>decide, (v)
<br>demand, require, (v)
<br>deny, (v)
<br>depart, (v)
<br>depend on, rely on, (v)
<br>describe, (v)
<br>destroy, (v)
<br>dictionary, (n)
<br>die, (v)
<br>dinner, (n)
<br>disagree, (v)
<br>disappear, vanish, (v)
<br>discourage, (v)
<br>discover, find, observe, notice, (v)
<br>dislike, (v)
<br>dock, (n)
<br>dock, (v)
<br>doctor, physician, (n)
<br>done, (excl)
<br>door, gate, (n)
<br>doubt, (v)
<br>dream, (v)
<br>drink, (v)
<br>drop, (v)
<br>duty station, station, (n)
<br>duty, quest, mission, task, chore, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>Earth, (n)
<br>eat, (v)
<br>enemy, (n)
<br>enjoy, (v)
<br>enter, go in, (v)
<br>err, be mistaken, make a mistake, (v)
<br>establish, set up, (v)
<br>everyone, all, everything, (n)
<br>expect, (v)
<br>explain, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>face, (n)
<br>fact, (n)
<br>fall, (v)
<br>family, (n)
<br>father, (n)
<br>feed (someone else), (v)
<br>female, woman, (n)
<br>fight, (v)
<br>fill, (v)
<br>finger, (n)
<br>fire, (n)
<br>fire (torpedo, rocket, missile), (v)
<br>fix, repair, (v)
<br>floor, (n)
<br>follow (rules, (v)
<br>food, (n)
<br>fool, (n)
<br>foot, (n)
<br>forehead, (n)
<br>forest, woods, (n)
<br>forget, (v)
<br>friend, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>garbage, (n)
<br>gas, (n)
<br>genius, (n)
<br>gift, (n)
<br>girl, (n)
<br>give, (v)
<br>glass (tumbler, (n)
<br>glow, (v)
<br>go, (v)
<br>goal, (n)
<br>good (expressing satisfaction), (excl)
<br>grammar, (n)
<br>grandfather, (n)
<br>group, party, (n)
<br>guard, (v)
<br>gunner, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>hand, (n)
<br>hate, detest, (v)
<br>have a hangover, be hung over, (v)
<br>have a headache, (v)
<br>have, possess, (v)
<br>he, she, him, her, (pro)
<br>head, (n)
<br>hear, (v)
<br>helm, (n)
<br>helmsman, (n)
<br>help, aid, (v)
<br>hide, cloak, (v)
<br>history, (n)
<br>home, (n)
<br>honor, (n)
<br>hope, (v)
<br>hour, (n)
<br>hunt, (v)
<br>hurry, (v)
<br>husband, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>I, me, (pro)
<br>idea, (n)
<br>identify, (v)
<br>inhabitant, (n)
<br>insult, (v)
<br>intend, mean to, (v)
<br>it, (pro)</p>
<p class=noindent>jacket, coat, (n)
<br>judge, estimate, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>keep something secret, (v)
<br>keep, save, (v)
<br>kill, (v)
<br>Klingon, (n)
<br>knee, (n)
<br>knife, dagger, (n)
<br>know, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>label, (v)
<br>lake, (n)
<br>language, (n)
<br>laugh, (v)
<br>lead, guide, (v)
<br>learn, (v)
<br>leave, depart, (v)
<br>leg, (n)
<br>let's go, come on, (excl)
<br>lie, fib, (v)
<br>life, (n)
<br>line, rope, (n)
<br>listen, (v)
<br>live, (v)
<br>look for seek, search for, (v)
<br>loved one, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>make peace, (v)
<br>male, man, (n)
<br>manuscript, (n)
<br>meet (for the first time), (v)
<br>meet, encounter, (v)
<br>meeting, (n)
<br>melt, (v)
<br>mind, brain, (n)
<br>minute (of time, (n)
<br>month, (n)
<br>moon, (n)
<br>morning, (n)
<br>mother, (n)
<br>mouth, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>name, (n)
<br>navigate, (v)
<br>night, (n)
<br>no, (excl)
<br>no, I won't, I refuse, I disagree, (excl)
<br>nonsense, (n)
<br>nose, (n)
<br>nostril, (n)
<br>nothing, none, (n)
<br>noun, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>oath, (n)
<br>occur, happen, (v)
<br>officer, (n)
<br>opinion, (n)
<br>opportunity, (n)
<br>order, command, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>paper, (n)
<br>pay attention, concentrate, (v)
<br>pay for, (v)
<br>peace, (n)
<br>period of time, (n)
<br>person (humanoid), (n) ({ghot}, {nuv})
<br>pet, (n)
<br>phenomenon, event, occurrence, (n)
<br>plan, (v)
<br>planet, (n)
<br>pleasure, (n)
<br>practice, train, prepare, (v)
<br>prefer, (v)
<br>present, (v)
<br>press down, (v)
<br>prevent, block, prohibit, (v)
<br>prisoner, (n)
<br>prosper, be prosperous, (v)
<br>protect, (v)
<br>push, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>question, interrogate, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>rain, (v)
<br>reach, (v)
<br>read, (v)
<br>ready, (excl)
<br>realize, (v)
<br>reason, (n)
<br>receive, (v)
<br>recognize, (v)
<br>recommend, suggest, (v)
<br>regret, (v)
<br>remain, (v)
<br>remember, (v)
<br>remove, take off, (v)
<br>resemble, (v)
<br>respect, (v)
<br>rest, relax, (v)
<br>restaurant, (n)
<br>return, (v)
<br>revenge, (n)
<br>roam, travel, rove, (v)
<br>room, (n)
<br>run, jog, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>salute, (v)
<br>scare, (v)
<br>science, (n)
<br>scientist, (n)
<br>scream, cry out, shout, yell, (v)
<br>secret, (n)
<br>see, (v)
<br>sell, (v)
<br>send, (v)
<br>sentence, (n)
<br>sergeant, (n)
<br>serve (a master), (v)
<br>shield, (n)
<br>ship, vessel, (n)
<br>shoe, (n)
<br>shoot, (v)
<br>shot, (n)
<br>show, reveal, (v)
<br>sir, (n)
<br>sister, (n)
<br>sit, (v)
<br>skin, (n)
<br>sky, (n)
<br>sleep, (v)
<br>slit, (v)
<br>so, well, (excl)
<br>soft, (v)
<br>somebody, something, anybody, anything, (n)
<br>somewhere, (n)
<br>son, (n)
<br>source, (n)
<br>speak, say, (v)
<br>stand, (v)
<br>stop, cease, (v)
<br>story, (n)
<br>study, (v)
<br>stuff, (v)
<br>success, (n)
<br>surprise, (v)
<br>surrender, give up, (v)
<br>sword, (n)
<br>system, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>take, (v)
<br>take away, (v)
<br>tell the truth, (v)
<br>tell, report, (v)
<br>theory, (n)
<br>there, over there, thereabouts, (n)
<br>they, them, (pro)
<br>they, them, (pro)
<br>thing, (n)
<br>think, (v)
<br>throw away, (v)
<br>today, (n)
<br>tomorrow, (n)
<br>translate, (v)
<br>tree, (n)
<br>tribble, (n)
<br>trouble, (n)
<br>trust, have faith in, (v)
<br>turn, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>understand, (v)
<br>use, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>verb, (n)
<br>verify, (v)
<br>victory, triumph, (n)
<br>violate, (v)
<br>violation, (n)
<br>visit, (v)
<br>vocabulary, (n)
<br>voice, (n)
<br>vow, swear, (v)
<br>Vulcan, (n)</p>
<p class=noindent>wait (for), (v)
<br>wake up, cease sleeping, (v)
<br>walk, (v)
<br>want, (v)
<br>war, (n)
<br>warrior, (n)
<br>watch, (v)
<br>water, (n)
<br>we, us, (pro)
<br>weapon, (n)
<br>wear (clothes), (v)
<br>week, (n)
<br>well done, very good, (excl)
<br>wife, (n)
<br>wind, breeze, (n)
<br>wing, (n)
<br>wonder, (v)
<br>word, (n)
<br>work, function, succeed, (v)
<br>work, toil, (v)
<br>wound, (v)
<br>write, (v)</p>
<p class=noindent>year, (n)
<br>yes, true, (excl)
<br>yes, true, (excl)
<br>yesterday, (n)
<br>you, (pro)
<br>you (plural), (pro)</p>
<p class=noindent>© <time>2002</time> <a
href="http://www.speers.nu/Holtej/klingon/guidelines.htm">Original document</a>
copyright by <span class=author>d'Armond Speers</span></p>
[[eof]]