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Berkanan SDK enables Bluetooth mesh messaging between nearby apps. It's the framework used by Berkanan Messenger (Product Hunt, TechCrunch) and Berkanan Messenger Lite (GitHub).

The goal is to create a decentralized mesh network for the people, powered by their device's Bluetooth antenna. People could rely on this network for texting in situations, like emergencies, when there's no other connectivity available — it could literally save lives.

With Berkanan SDK, apps can discover nearby apps, which also have the SDK integrated and Bluetooth turned on, and send them small messages. The range for these messages is about 70 meters, but they can reach further because the SDK automatically resends them upon receiving. The more apps use Berkanan SDK, the further the reach of the messages gets.

Features and Limitations

  • Free and open-source: Contributions are welcome!
  • Bluetooth-powered: No need for Wi-Fi or cellular connectivity.
  • Background: On iOS, it works even while in the background. However, background-running apps can't discover each other — the system enforces this policy.
  • Connectionless communication with no pairing, no sessions, and no limit on the number of apps.
  • For sending messages, the SDK uses flooding, where duplicates are filtered by tracking their identifiers and decreasing their time to live (TTL) by 1, until they reach 0, as they travel from app to app.
  • The message range limit between two devices is about 70 meters.
  • The data size limit is 512 bytes.
  • No built-in support for encryption, acknowledgment, or store and forward. You have to roll your own if your use case requires it.
  • It's not a Bluetooth Mesh Networking implementation.
  • Supported operating systems: iOS 9.0 or later, watchOS 4.0 or later, tvOS 9.0 or later, macOS 10.13 or later.

Privacy Policy

Berkanan SDK does not send the messages to any central server or company.

Integrating Berkanan SDK into your app


To integrate Berkanan SDK into your iOS app, use Xcode 11 or later. Open the .xcodeproj or .xcworkspace file of your app and follow these steps.

Configuring your app target

Select your app target and then go to Editor / Add Capability / Background Modes. Check both Uses Bluetooth LE accessories and Acts as a Bluetooth LE accessory.

Go to Signing & Capabilities / App Sandbox and check the Bluetooth checkbox.

Add NSBluetoothAlwaysUsageDescription and NSBluetoothPeripheralUsageDescription to the Info.plist with the value:

Allow access to the Berkanan Bluetooth Service to be able to communicate even while offline.

Adding Berkanan SDK to your app

Go to File / Swift Packages / Add Package Dependency... and enter

Add @import BerkananSDK to your source files where needed.

Using Berkanan SDK in your app

Initializing a local service with a configuration to advertise
let configuration = Configuration(
  // The identifier is used to identify what kind of configuration the service has. 
  // It should be the same across app runs.
  identifier: UUID(uuidString: "3749ED8E-DBA0-4095-822B-1DC61762CCF3")!, 
  userInfo: "My User Info".data(using: .utf8)!
// Throws if the configuration is too big or invalid.
let localService = try BerkananBluetoothService(configuration: configuration)
Starting a local service
Discovering nearby services and their advertised configuration
let discoverServiceCanceller = localService.discoverServiceSubject
  .receive(on: RunLoop.main)
  .sink { remoteService in
    print("Discovered \(remoteService) with \(remoteService.getConfiguration())")
Constructing a message with a payload type identifier and payload
let message = Message(
  // The payloadType is used to identify what kind of payload the message carries.
  payloadType: UUID(uuidString: "E268F3C1-5ADB-4412-BE04-F4A04F9B3D1A")!,
  payload: "Hello, World!".data(using: .utf8)
Sending a message
// Throws if the message is too big or invalid.
try localService.send(message)
Receiving messages
let receiveMessageCanceller = localService.receiveMessageSubject
  .receive(on: RunLoop.main)
  .sink { message in
    print("Received \(message.payloadType) \(message.payload)")
Stopping the local service

Sample app

To see how Berkanan Messenger Lite app integrates Berkanan SDK, check out its source code.