Chef cookbook to install and configure ownCloud.
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ownCloud Cookbook

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Chef cookbook to install and configure ownCloud, an open source personal cloud for data and file sync, share and view.


Supported Platforms

  • CentOS
  • Debian
  • Scientific Linux
  • Ubuntu

The following platforms are tested with Test Kitchen:

Platform MySQL PostgreSQL SQLite NGINX
CentOS 5
CentOS 6 ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis)
CentOS 7
Debian 6
Debian 7 ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis)
Debian 8 ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis)
Ubuntu 12.04 ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis)
Ubuntu 14.04 ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis)
Ubuntu 15.04 ✔ (travis)
Scientific Linux 6 ✔ (travis) ✔ (travis)

Please, let me know if you use it successfully on any other platform.

Required Cookbooks

Required Applications

  • Chef >= 11.14.2.
  • Ruby 2.0.0 or higher.

Other Requirements

On RedHat based platforms, you need to disable or configure SELinux correctly. You can use the selinux::disabled recipe for that.


Attribute Default Description
node['owncloud']['version'] calculated Version of ownCloud to install.
node['owncloud']['download_url'] calculated URL from where ownCloud will be downloaded.
node['owncloud']['deploy_from_git'] false Whether ownCloud should be deployed from the git repository.
node['owncloud']['git_repo'] calculated URL of the ownCloud git repository.
node['owncloud']['git_ref'] nil Git reference to deploy.
node['owncloud']['www_dir'] calculated Root directory defined in the web server where web documents are stored.
node['owncloud']['dir'] calculated Directory where ownCloud will be installed.
node['owncloud']['data_dir'] calculated Directory where ownCloud data will be stored.
node['owncloud']['server_name'] calculated Sets the server name for the ownCloud virtual host.
node['owncloud']['server_aliases'] [] Sets the server name aliases for the ownCloud virtual host.
node['owncloud']['install_postfix'] true Whether to install Postfix when a local MTA is needed.
node['owncloud']['web_server'] 'apache' Web server to use: 'apache' or 'nginx'.
node['owncloud']['php-fpm']['pool'] 'owncloud' PHP-FPM pool name to use with ownCloud.
node['owncloud']['max_upload_size'] '512M' Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
node['owncloud']['sendfile'] calculated Whether to enable sendfile on web server. You should set to 'false' if you use NFS or SMB mounts.
node['owncloud']['ssl'] true Whether ownCloud should accept requests through TLS.
node['owncloud']['admin']['user'] 'admin' Administrator username.
node['owncloud']['admin']['pass'] calculated Administrator password.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbtype'] 'mysql' Type of database, can be 'sqlite', 'mysql' or 'pgsql'.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbname'] 'owncloud' Name of the ownCloud database.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbuser'] 'owncloud' User to access the ownCloud database.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbpassword'] calculated Password to access the ownCloud database.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbhost'] '' Host running the ownCloud database.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbport'] calculated Port the ownCloud database is running at.
node['owncloud']['config']['dbtableprefix'] '' Prefix for the ownCloud tables in the database.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpmode'] 'sendmail' Mode to use for sending mail, can be 'sendmail', 'smtp', 'qmail' or 'php'.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtphost'] '' Host to use for sending mail, depends on mail_smtpmode if this is used.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpport'] 25 Port to use for sending mail, depends on mail_smtpmode if this is used.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtptimeout'] 10 SMTP server timeout in seconds for sending mail, depends on mail_smtpmode if this is used.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpsecure'] '' SMTP connection prefix or sending mail, depends on mail_smtpmode if this is used. Can be '', 'ssl' or 'tls'.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpauth'] false Whether authentication is needed to send mail, depends on mail_smtpmode if this is used.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpauthtype'] 'LOGIN' Authentication type needed to send mail, depends on mail_smtpmode if this is used. Can be 'LOGIN', 'PLAIN' or 'NTLM'.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpname'] '' Username to use for sendmail mail, depends on mail_smtpauth if this is used.
node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtppassword'] '' Password to use for sendmail mail, depends on mail_smtpauth if this is used.
node['owncloud']['cron']['enabled'] true Whether to enable ownCloud cron job.
node['owncloud']['cron']['min'] '*/15' Minute to run ownCloud cron at.
node['owncloud']['cron']['hour'] '*' Hour to run ownCloud cron at.
node['owncloud']['cron']['day'] '*' Day of month to run ownCloud cron at.
node['owncloud']['cron']['month'] '*' Month to run ownCloud cron at.
node['owncloud']['cron']['weekday'] '*' Weekday to run ownCloud cron at.
node['owncloud']['skip_permissions'] false Whether to skip settings the permissions of the ownCloud directory. Set this to true when using NFS synced folders.
node['owncloud']['manage_database'] calculated Whether to manage database creation.
node['owncloud']['mysql']['instance'] 'default' MySQL database instance name to run by the mysql_service LWRP from the mysql cookbook.
node['owncloud']['mysql']['data_dir'] calculated MySQL data files path.
node['owncloud']['mysql']['run_group'] calculated MySQL system group.
node['owncloud']['mysql']['run_user'] calculated MySQL system user.
node['owncloud']['mysql']['version'] nil MySQL version to install by the mysql_service LWRP. Refer to mysql cookbook platform support section.
node['owncloud']['mysql']['server_root_password'] calculated MySQL root password to access a database instance.
node['owncloud']['encrypt_attributes'] false Whether to encrypt ownCloud attributes containing credential secrets.

Platform Support Related Attributes

Some cookbook attributes are used internally to support the different platforms. Surely you want to change them if you want to support new platforms or want to improve the support of some platforms already supported.

Attribute Default Description
node['owncloud']['packages']['core'] calculated ownCloud core package names as array.
node['owncloud']['packages']['sqlite'] calculated ownCloud package names array for SQLite.
node['owncloud']['packages']['mysql'] calculated ownCloud package names array for MySQL.
node['owncloud']['packages']['pgsql'] calculated ownCloud package names array for PostgreSQL.



Installs and configures ownCloud.


Add recipe[owncloud] to your node's run list or role, or include it in another cookbook.

The back-end database will be MySQL by default, but PostgreSQL and SQLite databases can also be used. Database type can be set on node['owncloud']['config']['dbtype'], supported values are mysql, pgsql and sqlite.

On the first run, several passwords will be automatically generated and stored in the node:

  • node['owncloud']['admin']['pass']
  • node['owncloud']['config']['dbpassword'] (Only when using MySQL or PostgreSQL)
  • node['owncloud']['mysql']['server_root_password'] (Only when using MySQL)

When using Chef Solo, these passwords need to be set manually.

The attribute node['owncloud']['server_name'] should be set to the domain name used by the ownCloud installation. If not set, node['fqdn'] will be used instead.

By default ownCloud cookbook relies on a local Postfix installation to send emails. But a remote SMTP server can be used changing node['owncloud']['config']['mail_smtpmode'] to smtp and setting up the rest of the mail configuration attributes (see example below).


Basic ownCloud Role

name 'owncloud'
description 'Install ownCloud'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => ''

Using Remote SMTP Server

In this example an Amazon Simple Email Service account is used to send emails.

name 'owncloud_ses'
description 'Install ownCloud and use an AWS SES account to send emails'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => '',
    'config' => {
      'mail_smtpmode' => 'smtp',
      'mail_smtphost' => '',
      'mail_smtpport' => 465,
      'mail_smtpsecure' => 'tls',
      'mail_smtpauth' => true,
      'mail_smtpauthtype' => 'LOGIN',
      'mail_smtpname' => 'amazon-ses-username',
      'mail_smtppassword' => 'amazon-ses-password'

Deploying from Git

The ownCloud code can be deployed from the Git repository. Git recipe must be included on the run_list.

name 'owncloud_git'
description 'Install ownCloud from Git'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => '',
    'deploy_from_git' => true,
    'git_ref' => 'master'

The HTTPS Certificate

ownCloud will accept HTTPS requests when node['owncloud']['ssl'] is set to true. By default the cookbook will create a self-signed certificate, but a custom one can also be used.

The custom certificate can be read from several sources:

  • Attribute
  • Data Bag
  • Encrypted Data Bag
  • Chef Vault
  • File

This cookbook uses the ssl_certificate cookbook to create the HTTPS certificate. The namespace used is node['owncloud']. For example:

node.default['owncloud']['common_name'] = ''
include_recipe 'owncloud'

See the ssl_certificate namespace documentation for more information.

Custom HTTPS Certificate from an Attribute

name 'owncloud_ssl_attribute'
description 'Install ownCloud with a custom SSL certificate from an Attribute'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => '',
    'ssl' => true,
    'ssl_key' => {
      'source' => 'attribute',
      'content' => '-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----[...]'
    'ssl_cert' => {
      'source' => 'attribute',
      'content' => '-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----[...]'

Custom HTTPS Certificate from a Data Bag

name 'owncloud_ssl_data_bag'
description 'Install ownCloud with a custom SSL certificate from a Data Bag'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => '',
    'ssl' => true,
    'ssl_key' => {
      'source' => 'data-bag',
      'bag' => 'ssl',
      'item' => 'key',
      'item_key' => 'content',
      'encrypted' => true,
      'secret_file' => '/path/to/secret/file' # optional
    'ssl_cert' => {
      'source' => 'data-bag',
      'bag' => 'ssl',
      'item' => 'cert',
      'item_key' => 'content',
      'encrypted' => false

Custom HTTPS Certificate from Chef Vault

name 'owncloud_ssl_chef_vault'
description 'Install ownCloud with a custom SSL certificate from Chef Vault'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => '',
    'ssl' => true,
    'ssl_key' => {
      'source' => 'chef-vault',
      'bag' => 'owncloud',
      'item' => 'ssl',
      'item_key' => 'key'
    'ssl_cert' => {
      'source' => 'chef-vault',
      'bag' => 'owncloud',
      'item' => 'ssl',
      'item_key' => 'cert'

Custom HTTPS Certificate from File

This is useful if you create the certificate on another cookbook.

name 'owncloud_ssl_file'
description 'Install ownCloud with a custom SSL certificate from file'
  'owncloud' => {
    'server_name' => '',
    'ssl' => true,
    'ssl_key' => {
      'source' => 'file',
      'path' => '/path/to/ssl/key'
    'ssl_cert' => {
      'source' => 'file',
      'path' => '/path/to/ssl/cert'

Upgrading the Application

If new owncloud version is released and you has notified in web user interface about update available, then you must re-run chef-client on owncloud server.

Cookbook recipes will download latest release version and install it to server.

Then you must proceed with update in the web interface and the system will be updated.

Encrypted Attributes

This cookbook can use the encrypted_attributes cookbook to encrypt the secrets generated during the Chef Run. This feature is disabled by default, but can be enabled setting the node['owncloud']['encrypt_attributes'] attribute to true. For example:

include_recipe 'encrypted_attributes::users_data_bag'
node.default['owncloud']['encrypt_attributes'] = true
inclure_recipe 'owncloud'

This will create the following encrypted attributes:

  • node['owncloud']['admin']['pass']: ownCloud Admin password.
  • node['owncloud']['mysql']['server_root_password']: MySQL root user password.
  • node['owncloud']['config']['dbpassword']: MySQL ownCloud user password.

Read the chef-encrypted-attributes gem documentation to learn how to read them.

Warning: When PostgreSQL is used, the database root password will still remain unencrypted in the node['postgresql']['password']['postgres'] attribute due to limitations of the postgresql cookbook.

PostgreSQL Support

ownCloud with PostgreSQL may not work properly on some platforms. Any feedback you can provide regarding the PostgreSQL support will be greatly appreciated.

PostgreSQL Versions < 9.3

If you are using PostgreSQL version < 9.3, you may need to adjust the shmmax and shmall kernel parameters to configure the shared memory. You can see the example used for the integration tests.

Deploy with Docker

You can use the Dockerfile included in the cookbook source code to run the cookbook inside a container:

$ docker build -t chef-owncloud .
$ docker run -ti chef-owncloud

The sample Dockerfile:

FROM zuazo/chef-local:debian-7

COPY . /tmp/owncloud
RUN berks vendor -b /tmp/owncloud/Berksfile $COOKBOOK_PATH
RUN chef-client -r "recipe[owncloud]"


CMD ["apache2", "-D", "FOREGROUND"]

See the chef-local container documentation for more examples.




Please do not hesitate to open an issue with any questions or problems.




License and Author

Author: Raul Rodriguez (
Author: Xabier de Zuazo (
Contributor: Nacer Laradji
Contributor: LEDfan
Contributor: @avsh
Contributor: @cvl-skubriev
Contributor: Michael Sprauer
Copyright: Copyright (c) 2015, Xabier de Zuazo
Copyright: Copyright (c) 2013-2015 Onddo Labs, SL.
License: Apache License, Version 2.0
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.