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/*
* Copyright (c) 2008, The Android Open Source Project
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
* the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
* distribution.
* * Neither the name of Google, Inc. nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this
* software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
* "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
* FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
* INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
* BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
* OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED
* AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
* OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
* OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <unistd.h>
struct state {
long procs_r;
long procs_b;
long mem_free;
long mem_mapped;
long mem_anon;
long mem_slab;
long sys_in;
long sys_cs;
long sys_flt;
long cpu_us;
long cpu_ni;
long cpu_sy;
long cpu_id;
long cpu_wa;
long cpu_ir;
long cpu_si;
};
#define MAX_LINE 256
char line[MAX_LINE];
static void read_state(struct state *s);
static int read_meminfo(struct state *s);
static int read_stat(struct state *s);
static int read_vmstat(struct state *s);
static void print_header(void);
static void print_line(struct state *old, struct state *new);
static void usage(char *cmd);
int vmstat_main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
struct state s[2];
int iterations, delay, header_interval;
int toggle, count;
int i;
iterations = 0;
delay = 1;
header_interval = 20;
for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-n")) {
if (i >= argc - 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -n requires an argument.\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
iterations = atoi(argv[++i]);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-d")) {
if (i >= argc - 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -d requires an argument.\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
delay = atoi(argv[++i]);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-r")) {
if (i >= argc - 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -r requires an argument.\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
header_interval = atoi(argv[++i]);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-h")) {
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid argument \"%s\".\n", argv[i]);
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
toggle = 0;
count = 0;
if (!header_interval)
print_header();
read_state(&s[1 - toggle]);
while ((iterations == 0) || (iterations-- > 0)) {
sleep(delay);
read_state(&s[toggle]);
if (header_interval) {
if (count == 0)
print_header();
count = (count + 1) % header_interval;
}
print_line(&s[1 - toggle], &s[toggle]);
toggle = 1 - toggle;
}
return 0;
}
static void read_state(struct state *s) {
int error;
error = read_meminfo(s);
if (error) {
fprintf(stderr, "vmstat: could not read /proc/meminfo: %s\n", strerror(error));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
error = read_stat(s);
if (error) {
fprintf(stderr, "vmstat: could not read /proc/stat: %s\n", strerror(error));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
error = read_vmstat(s);
if (error) {
fprintf(stderr, "vmstat: could not read /proc/vmstat: %s\n", strerror(error));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
static int read_meminfo(struct state *s) {
FILE *f;
f = fopen("/proc/meminfo", "r");
if (!f) return errno;
while (fgets(line, MAX_LINE, f)) {
sscanf(line, "MemFree: %ld kB", &s->mem_free);
sscanf(line, "AnonPages: %ld kB", &s->mem_anon);
sscanf(line, "Mapped: %ld kB", &s->mem_mapped);
sscanf(line, "Slab: %ld kB", &s->mem_slab);
}
fclose(f);
return 0;
}
static int read_stat(struct state *s) {
FILE *f;
f = fopen("/proc/stat", "r");
if (!f) return errno;
while (fgets(line, MAX_LINE, f)) {
if (!strncmp(line, "cpu ", 4)) {
sscanf(line, "cpu %ld %ld %ld %ld %ld %ld %ld",
&s->cpu_us, &s->cpu_ni, &s->cpu_sy, &s->cpu_id, &s->cpu_wa,
&s->cpu_ir, &s->cpu_si);
}
sscanf(line, "intr %ld", &s->sys_in);
sscanf(line, "ctxt %ld", &s->sys_cs);
sscanf(line, "procs_running %ld", &s->procs_r);
sscanf(line, "procs_blocked %ld", &s->procs_b);
}
fclose(f);
return 0;
}
static int read_vmstat(struct state *s) {
FILE *f;
f = fopen("/proc/vmstat", "r");
if (!f) return errno;
while (fgets(line, MAX_LINE, f)) {
sscanf(line, "pgmajfault %ld", &s->sys_flt);
}
fclose(f);
return 0;
}
static void print_header(void) {
printf("%-5s %-27s %-14s %-17s\n", "procs", "memory", "system", "cpu");
printf("%2s %2s %6s %6s %6s %6s %4s %4s %4s %2s %2s %2s %2s %2s %2s\n", "r", "b", "free", "mapped", "anon", "slab", "in", "cs", "flt", "us", "ni", "sy", "id", "wa", "ir");
}
/* Jiffies to percent conversion */
#define JP(jif) ((jif) * 100 / (HZ))
#define NORM(var) ((var) = (((var) > 99) ? (99) : (var)))
static void print_line(struct state *old, struct state *new) {
int us, ni, sy, id, wa, ir;
us = JP(new->cpu_us - old->cpu_us); NORM(us);
ni = JP(new->cpu_ni - old->cpu_ni); NORM(ni);
sy = JP(new->cpu_sy - old->cpu_sy); NORM(sy);
id = JP(new->cpu_id - old->cpu_id); NORM(id);
wa = JP(new->cpu_wa - old->cpu_wa); NORM(wa);
ir = JP(new->cpu_ir - old->cpu_ir); NORM(ir);
printf("%2ld %2ld %6ld %6ld %6ld %6ld %4ld %4ld %4ld %2d %2d %2d %2d %2d %2d\n",
new->procs_r ? (new->procs_r - 1) : 0, new->procs_b,
new->mem_free, new->mem_mapped, new->mem_anon, new->mem_slab,
new->sys_in - old->sys_in, new->sys_cs - old->sys_cs, new->sys_flt - old->sys_flt,
us, ni, sy, id, wa, ir);
}
static void usage(char *cmd) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [ -h ] [ -n iterations ] [ -d delay ] [ -r header_repeat ]\n"
" -n iterations How many rows of data to print.\n"
" -d delay How long to sleep between rows.\n"
" -r header_repeat How many rows to print before repeating\n"
" the header. Zero means never repeat.\n"
" -h Displays this help screen.\n",
cmd);
}
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