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Indeed LSM Tree


Indeed LSM Tree is a fast key/value store that is efficient for high-volume random access reads and writes.

Indeed uses it for many applications including serving job data for 100s of millions of job searches each day.

Indeed LSM Tree is composed of three parts:

  1. lsmtree-core is an implementation of a log-structured merge-tree.
  2. recordlog is a library for writing data to append-only record logs optimized for replication.
  3. recordcache provides abstractions around writing record logs, building LSM trees, and performing LSM tree lookups.

A typical use case is requiring a key/value store replicated on multiple servers. Instead of replicating the store itself, we store writes in record logs which are slaved to each server. Each server then builds its own LSM tree from the record logs.


10,000,000 operations using 8 byte keys and 96 byte values

Random writes:

Software Time
Indeed LSM Tree 272 seconds
Google LevelDB 375 seconds
Kyoto Cabinet B-Tree 375 seconds

Random Reads:

Software Time
Indeed LSM Tree 46 seconds
Google LevelDB 80 seconds
Kyoto Cabinet B-Tree 183 seconds

Same benchmark using cgroups to limit page cache to 512 MB

Random Reads:

Software Time
Indeed LSM Tree 454 seconds
Google LevelDB 464 seconds
Kyoto Cabinet B-Tree 50 hours