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{
"authors": [
"Alexandre Dulaunoy",
"Florian Roth",
"Thomas Schreck",
"Timo Steffens",
"Various"
],
"category": "actor",
"description": "Known or estimated adversary groups targeting organizations and employees. Adversary groups are regularly confused with their initial operation or campaign.",
"name": "Threat actor",
"source": "MISP Project",
"type": "threat-actor",
"uuid": "7cdff317-a673-4474-84ec-4f1754947823",
"values": [
{
"description": "PLA Unit 61398 (Chinese: 61398部队, Pinyin: 61398 bùduì) is the Military Unit Cover Designator (MUCD)[1] of a People's Liberation Army advanced persistent threat unit that has been alleged to be a source of Chinese computer hacking attacks",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"Taiwan",
"Israel",
"Norway",
"United Arab Emirates",
"United Kingdom",
"Singapore",
"India",
"Belgium",
"South Africa",
"Switzerland",
"Canada",
"France",
"Luxembourg",
"Japan"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLA_Unit_61398",
"http://intelreport.mandiant.com/Mandiant_APT1_Report.pdf",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/pla-unit-61398",
"https://www.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/services/pdfs/mandiant-apt1-report.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"Comment Panda",
"PLA Unit 61398",
"APT 1",
"APT1",
"Advanced Persistent Threat 1",
"Byzantine Candor",
"Group 3",
"TG-8223",
"Comment Group",
"Brown Fox",
"GIF89a"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "6a2e693f-24e5-451a-9f88-b36a108e5662",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "1cb7e1cc-d695-42b1-92f4-fd0112a3c9be",
"value": "Comment Crew"
},
{
"description": "The group appears to have close ties to the Chinese National University of Defense and Technology, which is possibly linked to the PLA. Stalker Panda has been observed conducting targeted attacks against Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the United States. The attacks appear to be centered on political, media, and engineering sectors. The group appears to have been active since around 2010 and they maintain and upgrade their tools regularly.",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://wikileaks.org/vault7/document/2015-08-20150814-256-CSIR-15005-Stalker-Panda/2015-08-20150814-256-CSIR-15005-Stalker-Panda.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "36843742-adf1-427c-a7c0-067d74b4aeaf",
"value": "Stalker Panda"
},
{
"description": "These attackers were the subject of an extensive report by Symantec in 2011, which termed the attackers Nitro and stated: 'The goal of the attackers appears to be to collect intellectual property such as design documents, formulas, and manufacturing processes. In addition, the same attackers appear to have a lengthy operation history including attacks on other industries and organizations. Attacks on the chemical industry are merely their latest attack wave. As part of our investigations, we were also able to identify and contact one of the attackers to try and gain insights into the motivations behind these attacks.' Palo Alto Networks reported on continued activity by the attackers in 2014. ",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.symantec.com/content/en/us/enterprise/media/security_response/whitepapers/the_nitro_attacks.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"Covert Grove"
]
},
"uuid": "0b06fb39-ed3d-4868-ac42-12fff6df2c80",
"value": "Nitro"
},
{
"description": "The New York Times described Codoso as: 'A collection of hackers for hire that the security industry has been tracking for years. Over the years, the group has breached banks, law firms and tech companies, and once hijacked the Forbes website to try to infect visitors’ computers with malware.'",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.proofpoint.com/us/exploring-bergard-old-malware-new-tricks",
"http://www.isightpartners.com/2015/02/codoso/#sthash.VJMDVPQB.dpuf",
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/01/new-attacks-linked-to-c0d0s0-group/",
"https://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/12/technology/the-chinese-hackers-in-the-back-office.html",
"https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/content/files/protected_files/article_files/Joint%20report%20on%20publicly%20available%20hacking%20tools%20%28NCSC%29.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"C0d0so",
"APT19",
"APT 19",
"Sunshop Group"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "066d25c1-71bd-4bd4-8ca7-edbba00063f4",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "0286e80e-b0ed-464f-ad62-beec8536d0cb",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a653431d-6a5e-4600-8ad3-609b5af57064",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "103ebfd8-4280-4027-b61a-69bd9967ad6c",
"value": "Codoso"
},
{
"meta": {
"refs": [
"https://www.cylance.com/hubfs/2015_cylance_website/assets/operation-dust-storm/Op_Dust_Storm_Report.pdf"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "ae41895a-243f-4a65-b99b-d85022326c31",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "9e71024e-817f-45b0-92a0-d886c30bc929",
"value": "Dust Storm"
},
{
"description": "Adversary targeting dissident groups in China and its surroundings.",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.rsaconference.com/writable/presentations/file_upload/anf-t07b-the-art-of-attribution-identifying-and-pursuing-your-cyber-adversaries_final.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "06e659ff-ece8-4e6c-a110-d9692ac6d8ee",
"value": "Karma Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"synonyms": [
"temp.bottle"
]
},
"uuid": "ad022538-b457-4839-8ebd-3fdcc807a820",
"value": "Keyhole Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/ReportGlobalThreatIntelligence.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "ba8973b2-fd97-4aa7-9307-ea4838d96428",
"value": "Wet Panda"
},
{
"description": "Adversary group targeting telecommunication and technology organizations.",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://files.sans.org/summit/Threat_Hunting_Incident_Response_Summit_2016/PDFs/Detecting-and-Responding-to-Pandas-and-Bears-Christopher-Scott-CrowdStrike-and-Wendi-Whitmore-IBM.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "41c15f08-a646-49f7-a644-1bebbf7a4dcd",
"value": "Foxy Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/ReportGlobalThreatIntelligence.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "1969f622-d64a-4436-9a34-4c47fcb2535f",
"value": "Predator Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://files.sans.org/summit/Threat_Hunting_Incident_Response_Summit_2016/PDFs/Detecting-and-Responding-to-Pandas-and-Bears-Christopher-Scott-CrowdStrike-and-Wendi-Whitmore-IBM.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "7195b51f-500e-4034-a851-bf34a2728dc8",
"value": "Union Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://go.crowdstrike.com/rs/281-OBQ-266/images/ReportGlobalThreatIntelligence.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "4959652d-72fa-46e4-be20-4ec686409bfb",
"value": "Spicy Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://files.sans.org/summit/Threat_Hunting_Incident_Response_Summit_2016/PDFs/Detecting-and-Responding-to-Pandas-and-Bears-Christopher-Scott-CrowdStrike-and-Wendi-Whitmore-IBM.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "432b0304-768f-4fb9-9762-e745ef524ec7",
"value": "Eloquent Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"synonyms": [
"LadyBoyle"
]
},
"uuid": "8a8f39df-74b3-4946-ab64-f84968bababe",
"value": "Dizzy Panda"
},
{
"description": "Putter Panda were the subject of an extensive report by CrowdStrike, which stated: 'The CrowdStrike Intelligence team has been tracking this particular unit since2012, under the codename PUTTER PANDA, and has documented activity dating back to 2007. The report identifies Chen Ping, aka cpyy, and the primary location of Unit 61486.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"U.S. satellite and aerospace sector"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://cdn0.vox-cdn.com/assets/4589853/crowdstrike-intelligence-report-putter-panda.original.pdf",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/putter-panda"
],
"synonyms": [
"PLA Unit 61486",
"APT 2",
"Group 36",
"APT-2",
"MSUpdater",
"4HCrew",
"SULPHUR",
"TG-6952"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "5ce5392a-3a6c-4e07-9df3-9b6a9159ac45",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "0ca45163-e223-4167-b1af-f088ed14a93d",
"value": "Putter Panda"
},
{
"description": "Symantec described UPS in 2016 report as: 'Buckeye (also known as APT3, Gothic Panda, UPS Team, and TG-0110) is a cyberespionage group that is believed to have been operating for well over half a decade. Traditionally, the group attacked organizations in the US as well as other targets. However, Buckeyes focus appears to have changed as of June 2015, when the group began compromising political entities in Hong Kong.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"United Kingdom",
"Hong Kong"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2015/06/operation-clandestine-wolf-adobe-flash-zero-day.html",
"http://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/buckeye-cyberespionage-group-shifts-gaze-us-hong-kong",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-3"
],
"synonyms": [
"Gothic Panda",
"TG-0110",
"APT 3",
"Group 6",
"UPS Team",
"APT3",
"Buckeye",
"Boyusec"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "0bbdf25b-30ff-4894-a1cd-49260d0dd2d9",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "d144c83e-2302-4947-9e24-856fbf7949ae",
"value": "UPS"
},
{
"description": "Kaspersky described DarkHotel in a 2014 report as: '... DarkHotel drives its campaigns by spear-phishing targets with highly advanced Flash zero-day exploits that effectively evade the latest Windows and Adobe defenses, and yet they also imprecisely spread among large numbers of vague targets with peer-to-peer spreading tactics. Moreover, this crews most unusual characteristic is that for several years the Darkhotel APT has maintained a capability to use hotel networks to follow and hit selected targets as they travel around the world.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Korea (Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Japan",
"Russia",
"Taiwan",
"South Korea",
"China"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "KR",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/71713/darkhotels-attacks-in-2015/",
"https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mmpc/2016/06/09/reverse-engineering-dubnium-2",
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/66779/the-darkhotel-apt/",
"http://drops.wooyun.org/tips/11726",
"https://labs.bitdefender.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/inexsmar-an-unusual-darkhotel-campaign/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/darkhotel"
],
"synonyms": [
"DUBNIUM",
"Fallout Team",
"Karba",
"Luder",
"Nemim",
"Tapaoux",
"Pioneer"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "b56af6ab-69f8-457a-bf50-c3aefa6dc14a",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "b8c8b96d-61e6-47b1-8e38-fd8ad5d9854d",
"value": "DarkHotel"
},
{
"description": "A group of China-based attackers, who conducted a number of spear phishing attacks in 2013.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Taiwan",
"Japan"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/whois-numbered-panda/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-12"
],
"synonyms": [
"Numbered Panda",
"TG-2754",
"BeeBus",
"Group 22",
"DynCalc",
"Calc Team",
"DNSCalc",
"Crimson Iron",
"APT12",
"APT 12"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "c47f937f-1022-4f42-8525-e7a4779a14cb",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "48146604-6693-4db1-bd94-159744726514",
"value": "IXESHE"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Japan",
"Taiwan"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2015/12/the_eps_awakens.html",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-16"
]
},
"uuid": "1f73e14f-b882-4032-a565-26dc653b0daf",
"value": "APT 16"
},
{
"description": "FireEye described APT17 in a 2015 report as: 'APT17, also known as DeputyDog, is a China based threat group that FireEye Intelligence has observed conducting network intrusions against U.S. government entities, the defense industry, law firms, information technology companies, mining companies, and non-government organizations.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector",
"Civil society"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.fireeye.com/blog/technical/cyber-exploits/2013/09/operation-deputydog-zero-day-cve-2013-3893-attack-against-japanese-targets.html",
"http://www.symantec.com/content/en/us/enterprise/media/security_response/whitepapers/hidden_lynx.pdf",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-17"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT 17",
"Deputy Dog",
"Group 8",
"APT17",
"Hidden Lynx",
"Tailgater Team"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "090242d7-73fc-4738-af68-20162f7a5aae",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "24110866-cb22-4c85-a7d2-0413e126694b",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "c5947e1c-1cbc-434c-94b8-27c7e3be0fff",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0cb9370-e39b-44d5-9f50-ef78e412b973",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "99e30d89-9361-4b73-a999-9e5ff9320bcb",
"value": "Aurora Panda"
},
{
"description": "Wekby was described by Palo Alto Networks in a 2015 report as: 'Wekby is a group that has been active for a number of years, targeting various industries such as healthcare, telecommunications, aerospace, defense, and high tech. The group is known to leverage recently released exploits very shortly after those exploits are available, such as in the case of HackingTeams Flash zero - day exploit.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector",
"Civil society"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://threatpost.com/apt-gang-branches-out-to-medical-espionage-in-community-health-breach/107828",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-18"
],
"synonyms": [
"Dynamite Panda",
"TG-0416",
"APT 18",
"SCANDIUM",
"PLA Navy",
"APT18"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "38fd6a28-3353-4f2b-bb2b-459fecd5c648",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "2fb07fa4-0d7f-43c7-8ff4-b28404313fe7",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "8e28dbee-4e9e-4491-9a6c-ee9c9ec4b28b",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "9a683d9c-8f7d-43df-bba2-ad0ca71e277c",
"value": "Wekby"
},
{
"description": "TrendMicro described Tropic Trooper in a 2015 report as: 'Taiwan and the Philippines have become the targets of an ongoing campaign called Operation TropicTrooper. Active since 2012, the attackers behind the campaign haveset their sights on the Taiwanese government as well as a number of companies in the heavy industry. The same campaign has also targeted key Philippine military agencies.'",
"meta": {
"refs": [
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/11/unit42-tropic-trooper-targets-taiwanese-government-and-fossil-fuel-provider-with-poison-ivy/",
"http://www.trendmicro.com/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp-operation-tropic-trooper.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"Operation Tropic Trooper",
"Operation TropicTrooper",
"TropicTrooper"
]
},
"uuid": "4fd409a9-db86-46a5-bdf2-b6c8ee397a89",
"value": "Tropic Trooper"
},
{
"description": "The Winnti grouping of activity is large and may actually be a number of linked groups rather than a single discrete entity. Kaspersky describe Winnti as: 'The Winnti group has been attacking companies in the online video game industry since 2009 and is currently still active. The groups objectives are stealing digital certificates signed by legitimate software vendors in addition to intellectual property theft, including the source code of online game projects. The majority of the victims are from South East Asia.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"Netherlands",
"Italy",
"Japan",
"United Kingdom",
"Belgium",
"Russia",
"Indonesia",
"Germany",
"Switzerland",
"China"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://securelist.com/blog/research/57585/winnti-faq-more-than-just-a-game/",
"http://williamshowalter.com/a-universal-windows-bootkit/",
"https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mmpc/2017/01/25/detecting-threat-actors-in-recent-german-industrial-attacks-with-windows-defender-atp",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/axiom"
],
"synonyms": [
"Winnti Group",
"Tailgater Team",
"Group 72",
"Group72",
"Tailgater",
"Ragebeast",
"Blackfly",
"Lead",
"Wicked Spider",
"APT17",
"APT 17",
"Dogfish",
"Deputy Dog",
"Wicked Panda",
"Barium"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "c5947e1c-1cbc-434c-94b8-27c7e3be0fff",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "090242d7-73fc-4738-af68-20162f7a5aae",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "99e30d89-9361-4b73-a999-9e5ff9320bcb",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0cb9370-e39b-44d5-9f50-ef78e412b973",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "24110866-cb22-4c85-a7d2-0413e126694b",
"value": "Axiom"
},
{
"description": "Adversary group targeting financial, technology, non-profit organisations.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://cybercampaigns.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Deep-Panda.pdf",
"http://www.rsaconference.com/writable/presentations/file_upload/anf-t07b-the-art-of-attribution-identifying-and-pursuing-your-cyber-adversaries_final.pdf",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/deep-panda"
],
"synonyms": [
"Deep Panda",
"WebMasters",
"APT 19",
"KungFu Kittens",
"Black Vine",
"Group 13",
"PinkPanther",
"Sh3llCr3w"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "a653431d-6a5e-4600-8ad3-609b5af57064",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "0286e80e-b0ed-464f-ad62-beec8536d0cb",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "103ebfd8-4280-4027-b61a-69bd9967ad6c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "066d25c1-71bd-4bd4-8ca7-edbba00063f4",
"value": "Shell Crew"
},
{
"description": "Kaspersky described Naikon in a 2015 report as: 'The Naikon group is mostly active in countries such as the Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Singapore, and Nepal, hitting a variety of targets in a very opportunistic way.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"India",
"Saudi Arabia",
"Vietnam",
"Myanmar",
"Singapore",
"Thailand",
"Malaysia",
"Cambodia",
"China",
"Philippines",
"South Korea",
"United States",
"Indonesia",
"Laos"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/analysis/publications/69953/the-naikon-apt/",
"http://www.fireeye.com/blog/technical/malware-research/2014/03/spear-phishing-the-news-cycle-apt-actors-leverage-interest-in-the-disappearance-of-malaysian-flight-mh-370.html",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-30"
],
"synonyms": [
"PLA Unit 78020",
"APT 30",
"APT30",
"Override Panda",
"Camerashy",
"APT.Naikon",
"Lotus Panda"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "2a158b0a-7ef8-43cb-9985-bf34d1e12050",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "5e0a7cf2-6107-4d5f-9dd0-9df38b1fcba8",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f26144c5-8593-4e78-831a-11f6452d809b",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f047ee18-7985-4946-8bfb-4ed754d3a0dd",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "2f1fd017-9df6-4759-91fb-e7039609b5ff",
"value": "Naikon"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Japan",
"Philippines",
"Hong Kong",
"Indonesia",
"Taiwan",
"Vietnam"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Military",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/70726/the-spring-dragon-apt/",
"https://securelist.com/spring-dragon-updated-activity/79067/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/lotus-blossom"
],
"synonyms": [
"Spring Dragon",
"ST Group",
"Eslie"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "88b7dbc2-32d3-4e31-af2f-3fc24e1582d7",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "32fafa69-fe3c-49db-afd4-aac2664bcf0d",
"value": "Lotus Blossom"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/rhetoric-foreshadows-cyber-activity-in-the-south-china-sea/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Elise"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "2a158b0a-7ef8-43cb-9985-bf34d1e12050",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "2f1fd017-9df6-4759-91fb-e7039609b5ff",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f26144c5-8593-4e78-831a-11f6452d809b",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f047ee18-7985-4946-8bfb-4ed754d3a0dd",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "5e0a7cf2-6107-4d5f-9dd0-9df38b1fcba8",
"value": "Lotus Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/cyber-deterrence-in-action-a-story-of-one-long-hurricane-panda-campaign/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Black Vine",
"TEMP.Avengers"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "a653431d-6a5e-4600-8ad3-609b5af57064",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "066d25c1-71bd-4bd4-8ca7-edbba00063f4",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "103ebfd8-4280-4027-b61a-69bd9967ad6c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "0286e80e-b0ed-464f-ad62-beec8536d0cb",
"value": "Hurricane Panda"
},
{
"description": "A China-based actor that targets foreign embassies to collect data on government, defence, and technology sectors.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Unknown",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"Japan",
"Taiwan",
"India",
"Canada",
"China",
"Thailand",
"Israel",
"Australia",
"Republic of Korea",
"Russia",
"Iran"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.secureworks.com/cyber-threat-intelligence/threats/threat-group-3390-targets-organizations-for-cyberespionage/",
"http://www.scmagazineuk.com/iran-and-russia-blamed-for-state-sponsored-espionage/article/330401/",
"https://labs.bitdefender.com/2018/02/operation-pzchao-a-possible-return-of-the-iron-tiger-apt/",
"https://labs.bitdefender.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/operation-pzchao-inside-a-highly-specialized-espionage-infrastructure/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/iron-tiger"
],
"synonyms": [
"TG-3390",
"APT 27",
"TEMP.Hippo",
"Group 35",
"Bronze Union",
"ZipToken",
"HIPPOTeam",
"APT27",
"Operation Iron Tiger",
"Iron Tiger APT"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "fb366179-766c-4a4a-afa1-52bff1fd601c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f1b9f7d6-6ab1-404b-91a6-a1ed1845c045",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "4af45fea-72d3-11e8-846c-d37699506c8d",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "834e0acd-d92a-4e38-bb14-dc4159d7cb32",
"value": "Emissary Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Japan",
"India",
"South Africa",
"South Korea",
"Sweden",
"United States",
"Canada",
"Australia",
"France",
"Finland",
"United Kingdom",
"Brazil",
"Thailand",
"Switzerland",
"Norway"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/02/unit42-menupass-returns-new-malware-new-attacks-japanese-academics-organizations/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-10",
"https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/content/files/protected_files/article_files/Joint%20report%20on%20publicly%20available%20hacking%20tools%20%28NCSC%29.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT10",
"APT 10",
"MenuPass",
"happyyongzi",
"POTASSIUM",
"DustStorm",
"Red Apollo",
"CVNX",
"HOGFISH",
"Cloud Hopper",
"Stone Panda"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "222fbd21-fc4f-4b7e-9f85-0e6e3a76c33f",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "56b37b05-72e7-4a89-ba8a-61ce45269a8c",
"value": "Stone Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://otx.alienvault.com/pulse/55bbc68e67db8c2d547ae393/"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT 9",
"Flowerlady/Flowershow",
"Flowerlady",
"Flowershow"
]
},
"uuid": "401dd2c9-bd4f-4814-bb87-701e38f18d45",
"value": "Nightshade Panda"
},
{
"description": "This threat actor uses spear-phishing techniques to compromise diplomatic targets in Southeast Asia, India, and the United States. It also seems to have targeted the APT 30. Possibly uses the same infrastructure as Mirage",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Malaysia",
"Indonesia",
"Philippines",
"United States",
"India"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/analysis/publications/69567/the-chronicles-of-the-hellsing-apt-the-empire-strikes-back/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/hellsing"
],
"synonyms": [
"Goblin Panda",
"Cycldek"
]
},
"uuid": "af482dde-9e47-48d5-9cb2-cf8f6d6303d3",
"value": "Hellsing"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://kc.mcafee.com/corporate/index?page=content&id=KB71150"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "23b6a0f5-fa95-46f9-a6f3-4549c5e45ec8",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "b3714d59-b61e-4713-903a-9b4f04ae7f3d",
"value": "Night Dragon"
},
{
"description": "This threat actor uses phishing techniques to compromise the networks of foreign ministries of European countries for espionage purposes.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"European Union",
"India",
"United Kingdom"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2014/09/forced-to-adapt-xslcmd-backdoor-now-on-os-x.html",
"http://arstechnica.com/security/2015/04/elite-cyber-crime-group-strikes-back-after-attack-by-rival-apt-gang/",
"https://github.com/nccgroup/Royal_APT",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/mirage"
],
"synonyms": [
"Vixen Panda",
"Ke3Chang",
"GREF",
"Playful Dragon",
"APT 15",
"APT15",
"Metushy",
"Lurid",
"Social Network Team",
"Royal APT"
]
},
"uuid": "3501fbf2-098f-47e7-be6a-6b0ff5742ce8",
"value": "Mirage"
},
{
"description": "PLA Navy",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"United Kingdom",
"Germany",
"Australia",
"Sweden"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"motive": "Espionage",
"refs": [
"http://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/whois-anchor-panda/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/anchor-panda"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT14",
"APT 14",
"QAZTeam",
"ALUMINUM"
]
},
"uuid": "c82c904f-b3b4-40a2-bf0d-008912953104",
"value": "Anchor Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Mongolia",
"Kazakhstan",
"Tajikistan",
"Germany",
"United Kingdom",
"India",
"Kyrgyzstan",
"South Korea",
"United States",
"Chile",
"Russia",
"China",
"Spain",
"Canada",
"Morocco"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/35936/nettraveler-is-running-red-star-apt-attacks-compromise-high-profile-victims/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/nettraveler"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT 21"
]
},
"uuid": "b80f4788-ccb2-466d-ae16-b397159d907e",
"value": "NetTraveler"
},
{
"description": "Operate since at least 2011, from several locations in China, with members in Korea and Japan as well. Possibly linked to Onion Dog. This threat actor targets government institutions, military contractors, maritime and shipbuilding groups, telecommunications operators, and others, primarily in Japan and South Korea.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"South Korea",
"United States",
"Japan",
"Germany",
"China"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/57331/the-icefog-apt-a-tale-of-cloak-and-three-daggers/",
"https://securelist.com/blog/incidents/58209/the-icefog-apt-hits-us-targets-with-java-backdoor/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/icefog"
],
"synonyms": [
"IceFog",
"Dagger Panda"
]
},
"uuid": "32c534b9-abec-4823-b223-a810f897b47b",
"value": "Ice Fog"
},
{
"description": "The Pitty Tiger group has been active since at least 2011. They have been seen using HeartBleed vulnerability in order to directly get valid credentials",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://blog.airbuscybersecurity.com/post/2014/07/The-Eye-of-the-Tiger2"
],
"synonyms": [
"PittyTiger",
"MANGANESE"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "fe98767f-9df8-42b9-83c9-004b1dec8647",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "4d37813c-b8e9-4e58-a758-03168d8aa189",
"value": "Pitty Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"refs": [
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2015/12/bbsrat-attacks-targeting-russian-organizations-linked-to-roaming-tiger/"
]
},
"uuid": "1fb177c1-472a-4147-b7c4-b5269b11703d",
"value": "Roaming Tiger"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"Canada",
"United Kingdom",
"Switzerland",
"Hong Kong",
"Australia",
"India",
"Taiwan",
"China",
"Denmark"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Civil society"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/sneaky-panda"
],
"synonyms": [
"Sneaky Panda"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "03506554-5f37-4f8f-9ce4-0e9f01a1b484",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "da754aeb-a86d-4874-b388-d1d2028a56be",
"value": "Beijing Group"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"synonyms": [
"Shrouded Crossbow"
]
},
"uuid": "c92d7d31-cfd9-4309-b6c4-b7eb1e85fa7e",
"value": "Radio Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2015/09/chinese-actors-use-3102-malware-in-attacks-on-us-government-and-eu-media/"
]
},
"uuid": "f33fd440-93ee-41e5-974a-be9343e18cdf",
"value": "APT.3102"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"United Kingdom",
"Hong Kong"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/whois-samurai-panda/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/sykipot"
],
"synonyms": [
"PLA Navy",
"APT4",
"APT 4",
"Wisp Team",
"Getkys",
"SykipotGroup",
"Wkysol"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "38fd6a28-3353-4f2b-bb2b-459fecd5c648",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "9a683d9c-8f7d-43df-bba2-ad0ca71e277c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "8e28dbee-4e9e-4491-9a6c-ee9c9ec4b28b",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "2fb07fa4-0d7f-43c7-8ff4-b28404313fe7",
"value": "Samurai Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN"
},
"uuid": "b56ecbda-6b2a-4aa9-b592-d9a0bc810ec1",
"value": "Impersonating Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2014/09/recent-watering-hole-attacks-attributed-apt-group-th3bug-using-poison-ivy/"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT20",
"APT 20",
"APT8",
"APT 8",
"TH3Bug"
]
},
"uuid": "8bcd855f-a4c1-453a-bede-ff36582f4f40",
"value": "Violin Panda"
},
{
"description": "A group targeting dissident groups in China and at the boundaries.",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.rsaconference.com/writable/presentations/file_upload/anf-t07b-the-art-of-attribution-identifying-and-pursuing-your-cyber-adversaries_final.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "1514546d-f6ea-4af3-bbea-24d6fd9e6761",
"value": "Toxic Panda"
},
{
"description": "China-based cyber threat group. It has previously used newsworthy events as lures to deliver malware and has primarily targeted organizations involved in financial, economic, and trade policy, typically using publicly available RATs such as PoisonIvy, as well as some non-public backdoors. This threat actor targets prodemocratic activists and organizations in Hong Kong, European and international financial institutions, and a U.S.-based think tank.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Hong Kong",
"United States"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector",
"Civil society"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2013/10/know-your-enemy-tracking-a-rapidly-evolving-apt-actor.html",
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2015/11/china-based-threat.html",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/admin338"
],
"synonyms": [
"Admin338",
"Team338",
"MAGNESIUM",
"admin@338"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "16ade1aa-0ea1-4bb7-88cc-9079df2ae756",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "ac4bce1f-b3ec-4c44-bd36-b6cc986b319b",
"value": "Temper Panda"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://community.rapid7.com/community/infosec/blog/2013/06/07/keyboy-targeted-attacks-against-vietnam-and-india",
"http://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/rhetoric-foreshadows-cyber-activity-in-the-south-china-sea/"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT23",
"KeyBoy"
]
},
"uuid": "7f16d1f5-04ee-4d99-abf0-87e1f23f9fee",
"value": "Pirate Panda"
},
{
"description": "Activity: defense and aerospace sectors, also interested in targeting entities in the oil/gas industry.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Iran (Islamic Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"Iranian internet activists"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Military",
"Civil society"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/global/en/current-threats/pdfs/rpt-operation-saffron-rose.pdf",
"https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/cat-scratch-fever-crowdstrike-tracks-newly-reported-iranian-actor-flying-kitten/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/saffron-rose"
],
"synonyms": [
"SaffronRose",
"Saffron Rose",
"AjaxSecurityTeam",
"Ajax Security Team",
"Group 26",
"Sayad"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "f873db71-3d53-41d5-b141-530675ade27a",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"very-likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f9d6633a-55e6-4adc-9263-6ae080421a13",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f98bac6b-12fd-4cad-be84-c84666932232",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "86724806-7ec9-4a48-a0a7-ecbde3bf4810",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "42be2a84-5a5c-4c6d-9864-3f09d75bb0ba",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "d56c99fa-4710-472c-81a6-41b7a84ea4be",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0082cfa-32e2-42b8-92d8-5c7a7409dcf1",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "8f5e8dc7-739d-4f5e-a8a1-a66e004d7063",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "b96e02f1-4037-463f-b158-5a964352f8d9",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "ba724df5-9aa0-45ca-8e0e-7101c208ae48",
"value": "Flying Kitten"
},
{
"description": "While tracking a suspected Iran-based threat group known as Threat Group-2889[1] (TG-2889), Dell SecureWorks Counter Threat Unit™ (CTU) researchers uncovered a network of fake LinkedIn profiles. These convincing profiles form a self-referenced network of seemingly established LinkedIn users. CTU researchers assess with high confidence the purpose of this network is to target potential victims through social engineering. Most of the legitimate LinkedIn accounts associated with the fake accounts belong to individuals in the Middle East, and CTU researchers assess with medium confidence that these individuals are likely targets of TG-2889. One of the threat actors responsible for the denial of service attacks against U.S in 2012–2013. Three individuals associated with the group—believed to be have been working on behalf of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps—were indicted by the Justice Department in 2016. ",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": " Iran (Islamic Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Bank of America",
"US Bancorp",
"Fifth Third Bank",
"Citigroup",
"PNC",
"BB&T",
"Wells Fargo",
"Capital One",
"HSBC"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Denial of service",
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"http://www.secureworks.com/cyber-threat-intelligence/threats/suspected-iran-based-hacker-group-creates-network-of-fake-linkedin-profiles/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/itsecteam"
],
"synonyms": [
"ITSecTeam",
"Threat Group 2889",
"TG-2889",
"Ghambar"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "8f5e8dc7-739d-4f5e-a8a1-a66e004d7063",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "86724806-7ec9-4a48-a0a7-ecbde3bf4810",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "42be2a84-5a5c-4c6d-9864-3f09d75bb0ba",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "d56c99fa-4710-472c-81a6-41b7a84ea4be",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0082cfa-32e2-42b8-92d8-5c7a7409dcf1",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "b96e02f1-4037-463f-b158-5a964352f8d9",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "11e17436-6ede-4733-8547-4ce0254ea19e",
"value": "Cutting Kitten"
},
{
"description": "Charming Kitten (aka Parastoo, aka Newscaster) is an group with a suspected nexus to Iran that targets organizations involved in government, defense technology, military, and diplomacy sectors.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Iran (Islamic Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"U.S. government/defense sector websites",
"Saudi Arabia",
"Israel",
"Iraq",
"United Kingdom"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Newscaster",
"https://iranthreats.github.io/resources/macdownloader-macos-malware/",
"https://www.isightpartners.com/2014/05/newscaster-iranian-threat-inside-social-media/",
"https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2017/07/27/iran-hackers-oilrig-use-fake-personas-on-facebook-linkedin-for-cyberespionage/",
"https://cryptome.org/2012/11/parastoo-hacks-iaea.htm",
"https://securelist.com/files/2017/03/Report_Shamoon_StoneDrill_final.pdf",
"https://securelist.com/blog/software/74503/freezer-paper-around-free-meat/",
"https://www.verfassungsschutz.de/download/broschuere-2016-10-bfv-cyber-brief-2016-04.pdf",
"https://github.com/gasgas4/APT_CyberCriminal_Campagin/tree/master/2014/2014.05.28.NewsCaster_An_Iranian_Threat_Within_Social_Networks",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/newscaster"
],
"synonyms": [
"Newscaster",
"Parastoo",
"iKittens",
"Group 83",
"Newsbeef"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "7636484c-adc5-45d4-9bfe-c3e062fbc4a0",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f9d6633a-55e6-4adc-9263-6ae080421a13",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "ba724df5-9aa0-45ca-8e0e-7101c208ae48",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f873db71-3d53-41d5-b141-530675ade27a",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "86724806-7ec9-4a48-a0a7-ecbde3bf4810",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "42be2a84-5a5c-4c6d-9864-3f09d75bb0ba",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "d56c99fa-4710-472c-81a6-41b7a84ea4be",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0082cfa-32e2-42b8-92d8-5c7a7409dcf1",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "8f5e8dc7-739d-4f5e-a8a1-a66e004d7063",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "b96e02f1-4037-463f-b158-5a964352f8d9",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "f98bac6b-12fd-4cad-be84-c84666932232",
"value": "Charming Kitten"
},
{
"description": "Our analysis reveals that APT33 is a capable group that has carried out cyber espionage operations since at least 2013. We assess APT33 works at the behest of the Iranian government.",
"meta": {
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/09/apt33-insights-into-iranian-cyber-espionage.html"
],
"synonyms": []
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "fbd29c89-18ba-4c2d-b792-51c0adee049f",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "accd848b-b8f4-46ba-a408-9063b35cfbf2",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "4f69ec6d-cb6b-42af-b8e2-920a2aa4be10",
"value": "APT33"
},
{
"description": "Earliest activity back to November 2008. An established group of cyber attackers based in Iran, who carried on several campaigns in 2013, including a series of attacks targeting political dissidents and those supporting Iranian political opposition.",
"meta": {
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"http://www.scmagazineuk.com/iran-and-russia-blamed-for-state-sponsored-espionage/article/330401/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Group 42"
]
},
"uuid": "2e77511d-f72f-409e-9b64-e2a15efe9bf4",
"value": "Magic Kitten"
},
{
"description": "Targets Saudi Arabia, Israel, US, Iran, high ranking defense officials, embassies of various target countries, notable Iran researchers, human rights activists, media and journalists, academic institutions and various scholars, including scientists in the fields of physics and nuclear sciences.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Iran (Islamic Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Saudi Arabia",
"Venezuela",
"Afghanistan",
"United Arab Emirates",
"Iran",
"Israel",
"Iraq",
"Kuwait",
"Turkey",
"Canada",
"Yemen",
"United Kingdom",
"Egypt",
"Syria",
"Jordan"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/us/security/news/cyber-attacks/operation-woolen-goldfish-when-kittens-go-phishing",
"https://www.trendmicro.com/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp-the-spy-kittens-are-back.pdf",
"http://www.clearskysec.com/thamar-reservoir/",
"https://citizenlab.org/2015/08/iran_two_factor_phishing/",
"https://blog.checkpoint.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/rocket-kitten-report.pdf",
"https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/shamoon-multi-staged-destructive-attacks-limited-specific-targets",
"https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/02/unit42-magic-hound-campaign-attacks-saudi-targets/",
"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocket_Kitten",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/rocket-kitten"
],
"synonyms": [
"TEMP.Beanie",
"Operation Woolen Goldfish",
"Operation Woolen-Goldfish",
"Thamar Reservoir",
"Timberworm"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "ba724df5-9aa0-45ca-8e0e-7101c208ae48",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"very-likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f9d6633a-55e6-4adc-9263-6ae080421a13",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f98bac6b-12fd-4cad-be84-c84666932232",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "86724806-7ec9-4a48-a0a7-ecbde3bf4810",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "42be2a84-5a5c-4c6d-9864-3f09d75bb0ba",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "d56c99fa-4710-472c-81a6-41b7a84ea4be",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0082cfa-32e2-42b8-92d8-5c7a7409dcf1",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "8f5e8dc7-739d-4f5e-a8a1-a66e004d7063",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "b96e02f1-4037-463f-b158-5a964352f8d9",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "f873db71-3d53-41d5-b141-530675ade27a",
"value": "Rocket Kitten"
},
{
"description": "A group of cyber actors utilizing infrastructure located in Iran have been conducting computer network exploitation activity against public and private U.S. organizations, including Cleared Defense Contractors (CDCs), academic institutions, and energy sector companies. This threat actor targets entities in the government, energy, and technology sectors that are located in or do business with Saudi Arabia.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Iran (Islamic Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Canada",
"France",
"Israel",
"Mexico",
"Saudi Arabia",
"China",
"Germany",
"United States",
"Pakistan",
"South Korea",
"United Kingdom",
"India",
"Kuwait",
"Qatar",
"Turkey"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "IR",
"refs": [
"http://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/270968/assets/Cleaver/Cylance_Operation_Cleaver_Report.pdf",
"https://www.secureworks.com/research/the-curious-case-of-mia-ash",
"http://www.secureworks.com/cyber-threat-intelligence/threats/suspected-iran-based-hacker-group-creates-network-of-fake-linkedin-profiles/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/operation-cleaver",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/magic-hound"
],
"synonyms": [
"Operation Cleaver",
"Tarh Andishan",
"Alibaba",
"2889",
"TG-2889",
"Cobalt Gypsy",
"Ghambar",
"Cutting Kitten",
"Group 41",
"Magic Hound"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "8f5e8dc7-739d-4f5e-a8a1-a66e004d7063",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "11e17436-6ede-4733-8547-4ce0254ea19e",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "42be2a84-5a5c-4c6d-9864-3f09d75bb0ba",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "d56c99fa-4710-472c-81a6-41b7a84ea4be",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "a0082cfa-32e2-42b8-92d8-5c7a7409dcf1",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "b96e02f1-4037-463f-b158-5a964352f8d9",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f9d6633a-55e6-4adc-9263-6ae080421a13",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "ba724df5-9aa0-45ca-8e0e-7101c208ae48",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f98bac6b-12fd-4cad-be84-c84666932232",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f873db71-3d53-41d5-b141-530675ade27a",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "86724806-7ec9-4a48-a0a7-ecbde3bf4810",
"value": "Cleaver"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "IR"
},
"uuid": "1de1a64e-ea14-4e79-9e41-6958bdb6c0ff",
"value": "Sands Casino"
},
{
"description": "This is a pro-Islamist organization that generally conducts attacks motivated by real world events in which its members believe that members of the Muslim faith were wronged. Its attacks generally involve website defacements; however, the group did develop a RAT that it refers to as Fallaga RAT, but which appears to simply be a fork of the njRAT malware popular amongst hackers in the Middle East/North Africa region.",
"meta": {
"country": "TN",
"motive": "Hacktivism-Nationalist",
"synonyms": [
"FallagaTeam"
]
},
"uuid": "29af2812-f7fb-4edb-8cc4-86d0d9e3644b",
"value": "Rebel Jackal"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "AE",
"synonyms": [
"Vikingdom"
]
},
"uuid": "7f99ba32-421c-4905-9deb-006e8eda40c1",
"value": "Viking Jackal"
},
{
"description": "The Sofacy Group (also known as APT28, Pawn Storm, Fancy Bear and Sednit) is a cyber espionage group believed to have ties to the Russian government. Likely operating since 2007, the group is known to target government, military, and security organizations. It has been characterized as an advanced persistent threat.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Russian Federation",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Georgia",
"France",
"Jordan",
"United States",
"Hungary",
"World Anti-Doping Agency",
"Armenia",
"Tajikistan",
"Japan",
"NATO",
"Ukraine",
"Belgium",
"Pakistan",
"Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation",
"International Association of Athletics Federations",
"Turkey",
"Mongolia",
"OSCE",
"United Kingdom",
"Germany",
"Poland",
"European Commission",
"Afghanistan",
"Kazakhstan",
"China"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sofacy_Group",
"https://aptnotes.malwareconfig.com/web/viewer.html?file=../APTnotes/2014/apt28.pdf",
"http://www.trendmicro.com/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp-operation-pawn-storm.pdf",
"https://www2.fireeye.com/rs/848-DID-242/images/wp-mandiant-matryoshka-mining.pdf",
"https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/bears-midst-intrusion-democratic-national-committee/",
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/06/unit42-new-sofacy-attacks-against-us-government-agency/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-28",
"https://blogs.microsoft.com/on-the-issues/2018/08/20/we-are-taking-new-steps-against-broadening-threats-to-democracy/",
"https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/microsoft-disrupts-apt28-hacking-campaign-aimed-at-us-midterm-elections/",
"https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/apt28-uses-lojax-first-uefi-rootkit-seen-in-the-wild/",
"https://www.accenture.com/us-en/blogs/blogs-snakemackerel-delivers-zekapab-malware"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT 28",
"APT28",
"Pawn Storm",
"PawnStorm",
"Fancy Bear",
"Sednit",
"SNAKEMACKEREL",
"TsarTeam",
"Tsar Team",
"TG-4127",
"Group-4127",
"STRONTIUM",
"TAG_0700",
"Swallowtail",
"IRON TWILIGHT",
"Group 74"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "bef4c620-0787-42a8-a96d-b7eb6e85917c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "213cdde9-c11a-4ea9-8ce0-c868e9826fec",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "5b4ee3ea-eee3-4c8e-8323-85ae32658754",
"value": "Sofacy"
},
{
"description": "A 2015 report by F-Secure describe APT29 as: 'The Dukes are a well-resourced, highly dedicated and organized cyberespionage group that we believe has been working for the Russian Federation since at least 2008 to collect intelligence in support of foreign and security policy decision-making. The Dukes show unusual confidence in their ability to continue successfully compromising their targets, as well as in their ability to operate with impunity. The Dukes primarily target Western governments and related organizations, such as government ministries and agencies, political think tanks, and governmental subcontractors. Their targets have also included the governments of members of the Commonwealth of Independent States;Asian, African, and Middle Eastern governments;organizations associated with Chechen extremism;and Russian speakers engaged in the illicit trade of controlled substances and drugs. The Dukes are known to employ a vast arsenal of malware toolsets, which we identify as MiniDuke, CosmicDuke, OnionDuke, CozyDuke, CloudDuke, SeaDuke, HammerDuke, PinchDuke, and GeminiDuke. In recent years, the Dukes have engaged in apparently biannual large - scale spear - phishing campaigns against hundreds or even thousands of recipients associated with governmental institutions and affiliated organizations. These campaigns utilize a smash - and - grab approach involving a fast but noisy breakin followed by the rapid collection and exfiltration of as much data as possible.If the compromised target is discovered to be of value, the Dukes will quickly switch the toolset used and move to using stealthier tactics focused on persistent compromise and long - term intelligence gathering. This threat actor targets government ministries and agencies in the West, Central Asia, East Africa, and the Middle East; Chechen extremist groups; Russian organized crime; and think tanks. It is suspected to be behind the 2015 compromise of unclassified networks at the White House, Department of State, Pentagon, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The threat actor includes all of the Dukes tool sets, including MiniDuke, CosmicDuke, OnionDuke, CozyDuke, SeaDuke, CloudDuke (aka MiniDionis), and HammerDuke (aka Hammertoss). '",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Russian Federation",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"China",
"New Zealand",
"Ukraine",
"Romania",
"Georgia",
"Japan",
"South Korea",
"Belgium",
"Kazakhstan",
"Brazil",
"Mexico",
"Turkey",
"Portugal",
"India"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"https://labsblog.f-secure.com/2015/09/17/the-dukes-7-years-of-russian-cyber-espionage/",
"https://www2.fireeye.com/rs/848-DID-242/images/rpt-apt29-hammertoss.pdf",
"https://www.us-cert.gov/sites/default/files/publications/AR-17-20045_Enhanced_Analysis_of_GRIZZLY_STEPPE_Activity.pdf",
"https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/03/dissecting_one_ofap.html",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/dukes",
"https://pylos.co/2018/11/18/cozybear-in-from-the-cold/",
"https://cloudblogs.microsoft.com/microsoftsecure/2018/12/03/analysis-of-cyberattack-on-u-s-think-tanks-non-profits-public-sector-by-unidentified-attackers/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Dukes",
"Group 100",
"Cozy Duke",
"CozyDuke",
"EuroAPT",
"CozyBear",
"CozyCar",
"Cozer",
"Office Monkeys",
"OfficeMonkeys",
"APT29",
"Cozy Bear",
"The Dukes",
"Minidionis",
"SeaDuke",
"Hammer Toss",
"YTTRIUM"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "899ce53f-13a0-479b-a0e4-67d46e241542",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "b2056ff0-00b9-482e-b11c-c771daa5f28a",
"value": "APT 29"
},
{
"description": "A 2014 Guardian article described Turla as: 'Dubbed the Turla hackers, initial intelligence had indicated western powers were key targets, but it was later determined embassies for Eastern Bloc nations were of more interest. Embassies in Belgium, Ukraine, China, Jordan, Greece, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Poland, and Germany were all attacked, though researchers from Kaspersky Lab and Symantec could not confirm which countries were the true targets. In one case from May 2012, the office of the prime minister of a former Soviet Union member country was infected, leading to 60 further computers being affected, Symantec researchers said. There were some other victims, including the ministry for health of a Western European country, the ministry for education of a Central American country, a state electricity provider in the Middle East and a medical organisation in the US, according to Symantec. It is believed the group was also responsible for a much - documented 2008 attack on the US Central Command. The attackers - who continue to operate - have ostensibly sought to carry out surveillance on targets and pilfer data, though their use of encryption across their networks has made it difficult to ascertain exactly what the hackers took.Kaspersky Lab, however, picked up a number of the attackers searches through their victims emails, which included terms such as Nato and EU energy dialogue Though attribution is difficult to substantiate, Russia has previously been suspected of carrying out the attacks and Symantecs Gavin O’ Gorman told the Guardian a number of the hackers appeared to be using Russian names and language in their notes for their malicious code. Cyrillic was also seen in use.'",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Russian Federation",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"France",
"Romania",
"Kazakhstan",
"Poland",
"Tajikistan",
"Russia",
"United States",
"Saudi Arabia",
"Germany",
"India",
"Belarus",
"Netherlands",
"Iran",
"Uzbekistan",
"Iraq"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"https://www.first.org/resources/papers/tbilisi2014/turla-operations_and_development.pdf",
"https://www.circl.lu/pub/tr-25/",
"https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/07/turla-hackers-spying-governments-researcher-kaspersky-symantec",
"https://www.symantec.com/content/en/us/enterprise/media/security_response/whitepapers/waterbug-attack-group.pdf",
"https://securelist.com/analysis/publications/65545/the-epic-turla-operation/",
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/72081/satellite-turla-apt-command-and-control-in-the-sky/",
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/67962/the-penquin-turla-2/",
"https://www2.fireeye.com/rs/848-DID-242/images/rpt-witchcoven.pdf",
"https://www.welivesecurity.com/2017/03/30/carbon-paper-peering-turlas-second-stage-backdoor/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/turla",
"https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/turla-outlook-backdoor-uses-clever-tactics-for-stealth-and-persistence/",
"https://www.nccgroup.trust/uk/about-us/newsroom-and-events/blogs/2018/november/turla-png-dropper-is-back/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Turla",
"Snake",
"Venomous Bear",
"Group 88",
"Waterbug",
"WRAITH",
"Turla Team",
"Uroburos",
"Pfinet",
"TAG_0530",
"KRYPTON",
"Hippo Team"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "7a19ecb1-3c65-4de3-a230-993516aed6a6",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "c097471c-2405-4393-b6d7-afbcb5f0cd11",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "fa80877c-f509-4daf-8b62-20aba1635f68",
"value": "Turla Group"
},
{
"description": "A Russian group that collects intelligence on the energy industry.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Russian Federation",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"Germany",
"Turkey",
"China",
"Spain",
"France",
"Ireland",
"Japan",
"Italy",
"Poland"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"http://www.scmagazineuk.com/iran-and-russia-blamed-for-state-sponsored-espionage/article/330401/",
"http://www.symantec.com/content/en/us/enterprise/media/security_response/whitepapers/Dragonfly_Threat_Against_Western_Energy_Suppliers.pdf",
"http://www.netresec.com/?page=Blog&month=2014-10&post=Full-Disclosure-of-Havex-Trojans",
"https://threatpost.com/energy-watering-hole-attack-used-lightsout-exploit-kit/104772/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/crouching-yeti"
],
"synonyms": [
"Dragonfly",
"Crouching Yeti",
"Group 24",
"Havex",
"CrouchingYeti",
"Koala Team"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "1c63d4ec-0a75-4daa-b1df-0d11af3d3cc1",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "64d6559c-6d5c-4585-bbf9-c17868f763ee",
"value": "Energetic Bear"
},
{
"description": "This threat actor targets industrial control systems, using a tool called Black Energy, associated with electricity and power generation for espionage, denial of service, and data destruction purposes. Some believe that the threat actor is linked to the 2015 compromise of the Ukrainian electrical grid and a distributed denial of service prior to the Russian invasion of Georgia. Believed to be responsible for the 2008 DDoS attacks in Georgia and the 2015 Ukraine power grid outage",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Russian Federation",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Russia",
"Lithuania",
"Kyrgyzstan",
"Israel",
"Ukraine",
"Belarus",
"Kazakhstan",
"Georgia",
"Poland",
"Azerbaijan",
"Iran"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Government"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"http://www.isightpartners.com/2014/10/cve-2014-4114/",
"http://www.isightpartners.com/2016/01/ukraine-and-sandworm-team/",
"https://dragos.com/blog/crashoverride/CrashOverride-01.pdf",
"https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA17-163A",
"https://ics.sans.org/blog/2016/01/09/confirmation-of-a-coordinated-attack-on-the-ukrainian-power-grid",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/black-energy"
],
"synonyms": [
"Sandworm Team",
"Black Energy",
"BlackEnergy",
"Quedagh",
"Voodoo Bear",
"TEMP.Noble"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "381fcf73-60f6-4ab2-9991-6af3cbc35192",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "b47250ec-2094-4d06-b658-11456e05fe89",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "feac86e4-6bb2-4ba0-ac99-806aeb0a776c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "d52ca4c4-d214-11e8-8d29-c3e7cb78acce",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "f512de42-f76b-40d2-9923-59e7dbdfec35",
"value": "Sandworm"
},
{
"description": "We will refer to the gang behind the malware as TeleBots. However it’s important to say that these attackers, and the toolset used, share a number of similarities with the BlackEnergy group, which conducted attacks against the energy industry in Ukraine in December 2015 and January 2016. In fact, we think that the BlackEnergy group has evolved into the TeleBots group.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"http://www.welivesecurity.com/2016/12/13/rise-telebots-analyzing-disruptive-killdisk-attacks/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Sandworm"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "381fcf73-60f6-4ab2-9991-6af3cbc35192",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f512de42-f76b-40d2-9923-59e7dbdfec35",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "feac86e4-6bb2-4ba0-ac99-806aeb0a776c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "b47250ec-2094-4d06-b658-11456e05fe89",
"value": "TeleBots"
},
{
"description": "Groups targeting financial organizations or people with significant financial assets.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU",
"motive": "Cybercrime",
"refs": [
"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbanak",
"https://securelist.com/files/2015/02/Carbanak_APT_eng.pdf",
"http://2014.zeronights.ru/assets/files/slides/ivanovb-zeronights.pdf",
"https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/odinaff-new-trojan-used-high-level-financial-attacks",
"https://blog.cyber4sight.com/2017/04/similarities-between-carbanak-and-fin7-malware-suggest-actors-are-closely-related/",
"https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/fin7carbanak-threat-actor-unleashes-bateleur-jscript-backdoor",
"https://www.icebrg.io/blog/footprints-of-fin7-tracking-actor-patterns",
"https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/arrests-put-new-focus-on-carbon-spider-adversary-group/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Carbanak",
"Carbon Spider",
"FIN7"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "3753cc21-2dae-4dfb-8481-d004e74502cc",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "55033a4d-3ffe-46b2-99b4-2c1541e9ce1c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "00220228-a5a4-4032-a30d-826bb55aa3fb",
"value": "Anunak"
},
{
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Russian Federation",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Hungary",
"Belarus"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/incidents/35520/the-teamspy-crew-attacks-abusing-teamviewer-for-cyberespionage-8/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/team-spy-crew"
],
"synonyms": [
"TeamSpy",
"Team Bear",
"Berserk Bear",
"Anger Bear"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "90ef600f-5198-44a9-a2c6-de4b4d9d8624",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "82c1c7fa-c67b-4be6-9be8-8aa400ef2445",
"value": "TeamSpy Crew"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"http://www.welivesecurity.com/2015/11/11/operathion-buhtrap-malware-distributed-via-ammyy-com/"
]
},
"uuid": "b737c51f-b579-49d5-a907-743b2e6d03cb",
"value": "BuhTrap"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "RU"
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "82c1c7fa-c67b-4be6-9be8-8aa400ef2445",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "90ef600f-5198-44a9-a2c6-de4b4d9d8624",
"value": "Berserk Bear"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "RO",
"synonyms": [
"FIN4"
]
},
"uuid": "ff449346-aa9f-45f6-b482-71e886a5cf57",
"value": "Wolf Spider"
},
{
"description": "First observed activity in December 2013.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU"
},
"uuid": "85b40169-3d1c-491b-9fbf-877ed57f32e0",
"value": "Boulder Bear"
},
{
"description": "This group's activity was first observed in November 2013. It leverages a banking Trojan more commonly known as Shylock which aims to compromise online banking credentials and credentials related to Bitcoin wallets.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU"
},
"uuid": "7dd7a8df-9012-4d14-977f-b3f9f71266b4",
"value": "Shark Spider"
},
{
"description": "Adversary targeting manufacturing and industrial organizations.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"http://www.rsaconference.com/writable/presentations/file_upload/anf-t07b-the-art-of-attribution-identifying-and-pursuing-your-cyber-adversaries_final.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "db774b7d-a0ee-4375-b24e-fd278f5ab2fd",
"value": "Union Spider"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "KP",
"refs": [
"http://www.rsaconference.com/writable/presentations/file_upload/anf-t07b-the-art-of-attribution-identifying-and-pursuing-your-cyber-adversaries_final.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"OperationTroy",
"Guardian of Peace",
"GOP",
"WHOis Team"
]
},
"uuid": "245c8dde-ed42-4c49-b48b-634e3e21bdd7",
"value": "Silent Chollima"
},
{
"description": "Since 2009, HIDDEN COBRA actors have leveraged their capabilities to target and compromise a range of victims; some intrusions have resulted in the exfiltration of data while others have been disruptive in nature. Commercial reporting has referred to this activity as Lazarus Group and Guardians of Peace. Tools and capabilities used by HIDDEN COBRA actors include DDoS botnets, keyloggers, remote access tools (RATs), and wiper malware. Variants of malware and tools used by HIDDEN COBRA actors include Destover, Duuzer, and Hangman.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Korea (Democratic People's Republic of)",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"South Korea",
"Bangladesh Bank",
"Sony Pictures Entertainment",
"United States",
"Thailand",
"France",
"China",
"Hong Kong",
"United Kingdom",
"Guatemala",
"Canada",
"Bangladesh",
"Japan",
"India",
"Germany",
"Brazil",
"Thailand",
"Australia",
"Cryptocurrency exchanges in South Korea"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": [
"Espionage",
"Sabotage"
],
"country": "KP",
"refs": [
"https://threatpost.com/operation-blockbuster-coalition-ties-destructive-attacks-to-lazarus-group/116422/",
"https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA17-164A",
"https://securelist.com/lazarus-under-the-hood/77908/",
"http://www.mcafee.com/us/resources/white-papers/wp-dissecting-operation-troy.pdf",
"https://www.us-cert.gov/HIDDEN-COBRA-North-Korean-Malicious-Cyber-Activity",
"https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA17-318A",
"https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA17-318B",
"https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/north-korean-hackers-are-up-to-no-good-again/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/lazarus-group",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/operation-ghostsecret",
"https://securelist.com/operation-applejeus/87553/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/compromise-cryptocurrency-exchanges-south-korea",
"https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/lazarus-group-deploys-its-first-mac-malware-in-cryptocurrency-exchange-hack/",
"https://content.fireeye.com/apt/rpt-apt38"
],
"synonyms": [
"Operation DarkSeoul",
"Dark Seoul",
"Hidden Cobra",
"Hastati Group",
"Andariel",
"Unit 121",
"Bureau 121",
"NewRomanic Cyber Army Team",
"Bluenoroff",
"Group 77",
"Labyrinth Chollima",
"Operation Troy",
"Operation GhostSecret",
"Operation AppleJeus",
"APT38"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "c93fccb1-e8e8-42cf-ae33-2ad1d183913a",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "027a1428-6e79-4a4b-82b9-e698e8525c2b",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "68391641-859f-4a9a-9a1e-3e5cf71ec376",
"value": "Lazarus Group"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "IN",
"refs": [
"http://enterprise-manage.norman.c.bitbit.net/resources/files/Unveiling_an_Indian_Cyberattack_Infrastructure.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"Appin",
"OperationHangover"
]
},
"uuid": "e2b87f81-a6a1-4524-b03f-193c3191d239",
"value": "Viceroy Tiger"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "US",
"synonyms": [
"DD4BC",
"Ambiorx"
]
},
"uuid": "dd9806a9-a600-48f8-81fb-07f0f1b7690d",
"value": "Pizzo Spider"
},
{
"meta": {
"country": "TN",
"refs": [
"https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/regional-conflict-and-cyber-blowback/"
],
"synonyms": [
"TunisianCyberArmy"
]
},
"uuid": "59d63dd6-f46f-4334-ad15-30d2e1ee0623",
"value": "Corsair Jackal"
},
{
"description": "In 2014, researchers at Kaspersky Lab discovered and reported on three zero-days that were being used in cyberattacks in the wild. Two of these zero-day vulnerabilities are associated with an advanced threat actor we call Animal Farm. Over the past few years, Animal Farm has targeted a wide range of global organizations. The group has been active since at least 2009 and there are signs that earlier malware versions were developed as far back as 2007.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "France",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Syria",
"United States",
"Netherlands",
"Russia",
"Spain",
"Iran",
"China",
"Germany",
"Algeria",
"Norway",
"Malaysia",
"Turkey",
"United Kingdom",
"Ivory Coast",
"Greece"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "FR",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/69114/animals-in-the-apt-farm/",
"https://motherboard.vice.com/read/meet-babar-a-new-malware-almost-certainly-created-by-france",
"http://www.cyphort.com/evilbunny-malware-instrumented-lua/",
"http://www.cyphort.com/babar-suspected-nation-state-spyware-spotlight/",
"https://blog.gdatasoftware.com/blog/article/babar-espionage-software-finally-found-and-put-under-the-microscope.html",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/snowglobe"
],
"synonyms": [
"Animal Farm"
]
},
"uuid": "3b8e7462-c83f-4e7d-9511-2fe430d80aab",
"value": "SNOWGLOBE"
},
{
"description": "The Syrian Electronic Army (SEA) is a group of computer hackers which first surfaced online in 2011 to support the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Using spamming, website defacement, malware, phishing, and denial of service attacks, it has targeted political opposition groups, western news organizations, human rights groups and websites that are seemingly neutral to the Syrian conflict. It has also hacked government websites in the Middle East and Europe, as well as US defense contractors. As of 2011 the SEA has been *the first Arab country to have a public Internet Army hosted on its national networks to openly launch cyber attacks on its enemies*. The precise nature of SEA's relationship with the Syrian government has changed over time and is unclear",
"meta": {
"country": "SY",
"refs": [
"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syrian_Electronic_Army"
],
"synonyms": [
"SyrianElectronicArmy",
"SEA"
]
},
"uuid": "4265d44e-8372-4ed0-b428-b331a5443d7d",
"value": "Deadeye Jackal"
},
{
"description": "Group targeting Indian Army or related assets in India, as well as activists and civil society in Pakistan. Attribution to a Pakistani connection has been made by TrendMicro and others.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "Pakistan",
"cfr-target-category": [
"Civil society",
"Military",
"Government"
],
"country": "PK",
"refs": [
"http://documents.trendmicro.com/assets/pdf/Indian-military-personnel-targeted-by-information-theft-campaign-cmajor.pdf",
"https://www.proofpoint.com/sites/default/files/proofpoint-operation-transparent-tribe-threat-insight-en.pdf",
"https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/asa33/8366/2018/en/",
"https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/adversary-of-the-month-for-may/"
],
"synonyms": [
"C-Major",
"Transparent Tribe",
"Mythic Leopard"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "2a410eea-a9da-11e8-b404-37b7060746c8",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "acbb5cad-ffe7-4b0e-a57a-2dbc916e8905",
"value": "Operation C-Major"
},
{
"description": "This threat actor targets civil society groups and Emirati journalists, activists, and dissidents. ",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "United Arab Emirates",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United Arab Emirates",
"United Kingdom"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Civil society"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "AE",
"refs": [
"https://citizenlab.org/2016/05/stealth-falcon/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/stealth-falcon"
],
"synonyms": [
"FruityArmor"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "894aab42-3371-47b1-8859-a4a074c804c8",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "dab75e38-6969-4e78-9304-dc269c3cbcf0",
"value": "Stealth Falcon"
},
{
"description": "ScarCruft is a relatively new APT group; victims have been observed in several countries, including Russia, Nepal, South Korea, China, India, Kuwait and Romania. The group has several ongoing operations utilizing multiple exploits — two for Adobe Flash and one for Microsoft Internet Explorer.",
"meta": {
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/75082/cve-2016-4171-adobe-flash-zero-day-used-in-targeted-attacks/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Operation Daybreak",
"Operation Erebus"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "4a2ce82e-1a74-468a-a6fb-bbead541383c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "50cd027f-df14-40b2-aa22-bf5de5061163",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "bb446dc2-4fee-4212-8b2c-3ffa2917e338",
"value": "ScarCruft"
},
{
"description": "Bitdefender detected and blocked an ongoing cyber-espionage campaign against Romanian institutions and other foreign targets. The attacks started in 2014, with the latest reported occurrences in May of 2016. The APT, dubbed Pacifier by Bitdefender researchers, makes use of malicious .doc documents and .zip files distributed via spear phishing e-mail.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"http://download.bitdefender.com/resources/files/News/CaseStudies/study/115/Bitdefender-Whitepaper-PAC-A4-en-EN1.pdf"
],
"synonyms": [
"Skipper",
"Popeye"
]
},
"uuid": "32db3cc1-bb79-4b08-a7a4-747a37221afa",
"value": "Pacifier APT"
},
{
"description": "This group created a malware that takes over Android devices and generates $300,000 per month in fraudulent ad revenue. The group effectively controls an arsenal of over 85 million mobile devices around the world. With the potential to sell access to these devices to the highest bidder",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://blog.checkpoint.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/HummingBad-Research-report_FINAL-62916.pdf"
]
},
"uuid": "12ab5c28-5f38-4a2f-bd40-40e9c500f4ac",
"value": "HummingBad"
},
{
"description": "Dropping Elephant (also known as “Chinastrats” and “Patchwork“) is a relatively new threat actor that is targeting a variety of high profile diplomatic and economic targets using a custom set of attack tools. Its victims are all involved with China’s foreign relations in some way, and are generally caught through spear-phishing or watering hole attacks.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "India",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Bangladesh",
"Sri Lanka",
"Pakistan"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "IN",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/75328/the-dropping-elephant-actor/",
"http://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/patchwork-cyberespionage-group-expands-targets-governments-wide-range-industries",
"https://blogs.forcepoint.com/security-labs/monsoon-analysis-apt-campaign",
"https://www.cymmetria.com/patchwork-targeted-attack/"
],
"synonyms": [
"Chinastrats",
"Patchwork",
"Monsoon",
"Sarit"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "17862c7d-9e60-48a0-b48e-da4dc4c3f6b0",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "9559ecaf-2e75-48a7-aee8-9974020bc772",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "18d473a5-831b-47a5-97a1-a32156299825",
"value": "Dropping Elephant"
},
{
"description": "Scarlet Mimic is a threat group that has targeted minority rights activists. This group has not been directly linked to a government source, but the group's motivations appear to overlap with those of the Chinese government. While there is some overlap between IP addresses used by Scarlet Mimic and Putter Panda, it has not been concluded that the groups are the same.",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://attack.mitre.org/wiki/Groups",
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/01/scarlet-mimic-years-long-espionage-targets-minority-activists/"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "c5574ca0-d5a4-490a-b207-e4658e5fd1d7",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "0da10682-85c6-4c0b-bace-ba1f7adfb63e",
"value": "Scarlet Mimic"
},
{
"description": "Poseidon Group is a Portuguese-speaking threat group that has been active since at least 2005. The group has a history of using information exfiltrated from victims to blackmail victim companies into contracting the Poseidon Group as a security firm.",
"meta": {
"country": "BR",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/73673/poseidon-group-a-targeted-attack-boutique-specializing-in-global-cyber-espionage/",
"https://attack.mitre.org/wiki/Groups"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "7ecc3b4f-5cdb-457e-b55a-df376b359446",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "5fc09923-fcff-4e81-9cae-4518ef31cf4d",
"value": "Poseidon Group"
},
{
"description": "Threat group that has targeted Japanese organizations with phishing emails. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, DragonOK is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group Moafee. 2223 It is known to use a variety of malware, including Sysget/HelloBridge, PlugX, PoisonIvy, FormerFirstRat, NFlog, and NewCT.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/global/en/current-threats/pdfs/wp-operation-quantum-entanglement.pdf",
"https://attack.mitre.org/wiki/Groups",
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2015/04/unit-42-identifies-new-dragonok-backdoor-malware-deployed-against-japanese-targets/",
"http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/01/unit42-dragonok-updates-toolset-targets-multiple-geographic-regions/",
"https://blogs.forcepoint.com/security-labs/trojanized-adobe-installer-used-install-dragonok%E2%80%99s-new-custom-backdoor",
"http://www.morphick.com/resources/news/deep-dive-dragonok-rambo-backdoor",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/moafee"
],
"synonyms": [
"Moafee"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "2e5d3a83-fe00-41a5-9b60-237efc84832f",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f3bdec95-3d62-42d9-a840-29630f6cdc1a",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "a9b44750-992c-4743-8922-129880d277ea",
"value": "DragonOK"
},
{
"description": "Chinese threat group that has extensively used strategic Web compromises to target victims.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": " China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"United States",
"United Kingdom",
"France"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.secureworks.com/cyber-threat-intelligence/threats/threat-group-3390-targets-organizations-for-cyberespionage/",
"https://attack.mitre.org",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/emissary-panda"
],
"synonyms": [
"TG-3390",
"Emissary Panda"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "fb366179-766c-4a4a-afa1-52bff1fd601c",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "834e0acd-d92a-4e38-bb14-dc4159d7cb32",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "4af45fea-72d3-11e8-846c-d37699506c8d",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "f1b9f7d6-6ab1-404b-91a6-a1ed1845c045",
"value": "Threat Group-3390"
},
{
"description": "ProjectSauron is the name for a top level modular cyber-espionage platform, designed to enable and manage long-term campaigns through stealthy survival mechanisms coupled with multiple exfiltration methods. Technical details show how attackers learned from other extremely advanced actors in order to avoid repeating their mistakes. As such, all artifacts are customized per given target, reducing their value as indicators of compromise for any other victim. Usually APT campaigns have a geographical nexus, aimed at extracting information within a specific region or from a given industry. That usually results in several infections in countries within that region, or in the targeted industry around the world. Interestingly, ProjectSauron seems to be dedicated to just a couple of countries, focused on collecting high value intelligence by compromising almost all key entities it could possibly reach within the target area. The name, ProjectSauron reflects the fact that the code authors refer to ‘Sauron’ in the Lua scripts.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "United States",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"Russia",
"Iran",
"Belgium",
"China",
"Sweden",
"Rwanda"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Military"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "US",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/analysis/publications/75533/faq-the-projectsauron-apt/",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/project-sauron"
],
"synonyms": [
"Strider",
"Sauron",
"Project Sauron"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "277d2f87-2ae5-4730-a3aa-50c1fdff9656",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "f3179cfb-9c86-4980-bd6b-e4fa74adaaa7",
"value": "ProjectSauron"
},
{
"description": "APT 30 is a threat group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government. While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.",
"meta": {
"cfr-suspected-state-sponsor": "China",
"cfr-suspected-victims": [
"India",
"Saudi Arabia",
"Vietnam",
"Myanmar",
"Singapore",
"Thailand",
"Malaysia",
"Cambodia",
"China",
"Phillipines",
"South Korea",
"United States",
"Indonesia",
"Laos"
],
"cfr-target-category": [
"Government",
"Private sector"
],
"cfr-type-of-incident": "Espionage",
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www2.fireeye.com/rs/fireye/images/rpt-apt30.pdf",
"https://attack.mitre.org/wiki/Group/G0013",
"https://www.cfr.org/interactive/cyber-operations/apt-30"
],
"synonyms": [
"APT30"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "2a158b0a-7ef8-43cb-9985-bf34d1e12050",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "2f1fd017-9df6-4759-91fb-e7039609b5ff",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "5e0a7cf2-6107-4d5f-9dd0-9df38b1fcba8",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
},
{
"dest-uuid": "f047ee18-7985-4946-8bfb-4ed754d3a0dd",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "f26144c5-8593-4e78-831a-11f6452d809b",
"value": "APT 30"
},
{
"description": "TA530, who we previously examined in relation to large-scale personalized phishing campaigns",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"https://www.proofpoint.com/uk/threat-insight/post/august-in-december-new-information-stealer-hits-the-scene"
]
},
"uuid": "4b79d1f6-8333-44b6-ac32-d1ea7e47e77f",
"value": "TA530"
},
{
"description": "GCMAN is a threat group that focuses on targeting banks for the purpose of transferring money to e-currency services.",
"meta": {
"country": "RU",
"refs": [
"https://securelist.com/blog/research/73638/apt-style-bank-robberies-increase-with-metel-gcman-and-carbanak-2-0-attacks/"
]
},
"related": [
{
"dest-uuid": "0ea72cd5-ca30-46ba-bc04-378f701c658f",
"tags": [
"estimative-language:likelihood-probability=\"likely\""
],
"type": "similar"
}
],
"uuid": "d93889de-b4bc-4a29-9ce7-d67717c140a0",
"value": "GCMAN"
},
{
"description": "Suckfly is a China-based threat group that has been active since at least 2014",
"meta": {
"country": "CN",
"refs": [
"http://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/suckfly-revealing-secret-life-your-code-signing-certificates",
"http://www.symantec.com/connect/blo