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"local"/"my"/"our" inconsistent scope #13548

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p5pRT opened this issue Jan 22, 2014 · 3 comments
Open

"local"/"my"/"our" inconsistent scope #13548

p5pRT opened this issue Jan 22, 2014 · 3 comments

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@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Jan 22, 2014

Migrated from rt.perl.org#121058 (status was 'open')

Searchable as RT121058$

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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Jan 22, 2014

From zefram@fysh.org

Created by zefram@fysh.org

In playing around with signatures, Ilmari on IRC noticed some funny
behaviour that boils down to different effects of local/my/our having
different scopes. For example​:

$ perl -lwe '$aaa=111; $bbb=222; { my(local our $aaa, $bbb) = (333,444); print "$​::aaa $​::bbb"; } print "$​::aaa $​::bbb"'
333 444
111 444

There the "our", overriding the outer "my", extends to both variables
in the list, but the "local" only affects the first one. Similarly​:

$ perl -Mstrict -lwe '(our $aaa, $bbb) = (333,444);'
Global symbol "$bbb" requires explicit package name at -e line 1.
Execution of -e aborted due to compilation errors.

Although as established above some aspect of "our" extends to both
variables, its suppression of strictness only applies to the first one.
These cases can be rectified by adding inner parens​:

$ perl -lwe '$aaa=111; $bbb=222; { (local our ($aaa, $bbb)) = (333,444); print "$​::aaa $​::bbb"; } print "$​::aaa $​::bbb"'
333 444
111 222

I think this is down to the PL_parser->in_my flag. It's a parser-global
variable that is set while the variable list is being parsed, gets cleared
at its end, and influences the semantic transformation of the ops.
I think the problem is that the procedural setting and clearing of
this flag doesn't match up with the more functional treatment of the
op trees resulting from parsing. Some of the effects of "our" et al,
controlled by the flag, persist for the whole list, but other effects,
being semantic transformations of an op tree, only get applied to the
expression that is syntactically subordinate to the keyword.

Perl Info

Flags:
    category=core
    severity=low

Site configuration information for perl 5.14.2:

Configured by Debian Project at Mon Sep 30 03:43:22 UTC 2013.

Summary of my perl5 (revision 5 version 14 subversion 2) configuration:
   
  Platform:
    osname=linux, osvers=3.2.0-4-amd64, archname=x86_64-linux-gnu-thread-multi
    uname='linux babin 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 smp debian 3.2.46-1+deb7u1 x86_64 gnulinux '
    config_args='-Dusethreads -Duselargefiles -Dccflags=-DDEBIAN -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -O2 -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Dldflags= -Wl,-z,relro -Dlddlflags=-shared -Wl,-z,relro -Dcccdlflags=-fPIC -Darchname=x86_64-linux-gnu -Dprefix=/usr -Dprivlib=/usr/share/perl/5.14 -Darchlib=/usr/lib/perl/5.14 -Dvendorprefix=/usr -Dvendorlib=/usr/share/perl5 -Dvendorarch=/usr/lib/perl5 -Dsiteprefix=/usr/local -Dsitelib=/usr/local/share/perl/5.14.2 -Dsitearch=/usr/local/lib/perl/5.14.2 -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3 -Dsiteman1dir=/usr/local/man/man1 -Dsiteman3dir=/usr/local/man/man3 -Duse64bitint -Dman1ext=1 -Dman3ext=3perl -Dpager=/usr/bin/sensible-pager -Uafs -Ud_csh -Ud_ualarm -Uusesfio -Uusenm -Ui_libutil -DDEBUGGING=-g -Doptimize=-O2 -Duseshrplib -Dlibperl=libperl.so.5.14.2 -des'
    hint=recommended, useposix=true, d_sigaction=define
    useithreads=define, usemultiplicity=define
    useperlio=define, d_sfio=undef, uselargefiles=define, usesocks=undef
    use64bitint=define, use64bitall=define, uselongdouble=undef
    usemymalloc=n, bincompat5005=undef
  Compiler:
    cc='cc', ccflags ='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -DDEBIAN -fstack-protector -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -I/usr/local/include -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64',
    optimize='-O2 -g',
    cppflags='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -DDEBIAN -fstack-protector -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -I/usr/local/include'
    ccversion='', gccversion='4.7.2', gccosandvers=''
    intsize=4, longsize=8, ptrsize=8, doublesize=8, byteorder=12345678
    d_longlong=define, longlongsize=8, d_longdbl=define, longdblsize=16
    ivtype='long', ivsize=8, nvtype='double', nvsize=8, Off_t='off_t', lseeksize=8
    alignbytes=8, prototype=define
  Linker and Libraries:
    ld='cc', ldflags =' -fstack-protector -L/usr/local/lib'
    libpth=/usr/local/lib /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /lib/../lib /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib/../lib /lib /usr/lib
    libs=-lgdbm -lgdbm_compat -ldb -ldl -lm -lpthread -lc -lcrypt
    perllibs=-ldl -lm -lpthread -lc -lcrypt
    libc=, so=so, useshrplib=true, libperl=libperl.so.5.14.2
    gnulibc_version='2.13'
  Dynamic Linking:
    dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef, ccdlflags='-Wl,-E'
    cccdlflags='-fPIC', lddlflags='-shared -L/usr/local/lib -fstack-protector'

Locally applied patches:
    DEBPKG:debian/arm_thread_stress_timeout - http://bugs.debian.org/501970 Raise the timeout of ext/threads/shared/t/stress.t to accommodate slower build hosts
    DEBPKG:debian/cpan_definstalldirs - Provide a sensible INSTALLDIRS default for modules installed from CPAN.
    DEBPKG:debian/db_file_ver - http://bugs.debian.org/340047 Remove overly restrictive DB_File version check.
    DEBPKG:debian/doc_info - Replace generic man(1) instructions with Debian-specific information.
    DEBPKG:debian/enc2xs_inc - http://bugs.debian.org/290336 Tweak enc2xs to follow symlinks and ignore missing @INC directories.
    DEBPKG:debian/errno_ver - http://bugs.debian.org/343351 Remove Errno version check due to upgrade problems with long-running processes.
    DEBPKG:debian/libperl_embed_doc - http://bugs.debian.org/186778 Note that libperl-dev package is required for embedded linking
    DEBPKG:fixes/respect_umask - Respect umask during installation
    DEBPKG:debian/writable_site_dirs - Set umask approproately for site install directories
    DEBPKG:debian/extutils_set_libperl_path - EU:MM: Set location of libperl.a to /usr/lib
    DEBPKG:debian/no_packlist_perllocal - Don't install .packlist or perllocal.pod for perl or vendor
    DEBPKG:debian/prefix_changes - Fiddle with *PREFIX and variables written to the makefile
    DEBPKG:debian/fakeroot - Postpone LD_LIBRARY_PATH evaluation to the binary targets.
    DEBPKG:debian/instmodsh_doc - Debian policy doesn't install .packlist files for core or vendor.
    DEBPKG:debian/ld_run_path - Remove standard libs from LD_RUN_PATH as per Debian policy.
    DEBPKG:debian/libnet_config_path - Set location of libnet.cfg to /etc/perl/Net as /usr may not be writable.
    DEBPKG:debian/m68k_thread_stress - http://bugs.debian.org/517938 http://bugs.debian.org/495826 Disable some threads tests on m68k for now due to missing TLS.
    DEBPKG:debian/mod_paths - Tweak @INC ordering for Debian
    DEBPKG:debian/module_build_man_extensions - http://bugs.debian.org/479460 Adjust Module::Build manual page extensions for the Debian Perl policy
    DEBPKG:debian/prune_libs - http://bugs.debian.org/128355 Prune the list of libraries wanted to what we actually need.
    DEBPKG:fixes/net_smtp_docs - [rt.cpan.org #36038] http://bugs.debian.org/100195 Document the Net::SMTP 'Port' option
    DEBPKG:debian/perlivp - http://bugs.debian.org/510895 Make perlivp skip include directories in /usr/local
    DEBPKG:debian/cpanplus_definstalldirs - http://bugs.debian.org/533707 Configure CPANPLUS to use the site directories by default.
    DEBPKG:debian/cpanplus_config_path - Save local versions of CPANPLUS::Config::System into /etc/perl.
    DEBPKG:debian/deprecate-with-apt - http://bugs.debian.org/580034 Point users to Debian packages of deprecated core modules
    DEBPKG:fixes/hurd-ccflags - [a190e64] http://bugs.debian.org/587901 [perl #92244] Make hints/gnu.sh append to $ccflags rather than overriding them
    DEBPKG:debian/squelch-locale-warnings - http://bugs.debian.org/508764 Squelch locale warnings in Debian package maintainer scripts
    DEBPKG:debian/skip-upstream-git-tests - Skip tests specific to the upstream Git repository
    DEBPKG:fixes/extutils-cbuilder-cflags - [011e8fb] http://bugs.debian.org/624460 [perl #89478] Append CFLAGS and LDFLAGS to their Config.pm counterparts in EU::CBuilder
    DEBPKG:fixes/module-build-home-directory - http://bugs.debian.org/624850 [rt.cpan.org #67893] Fix failing tilde test when run under a UID without a passwd entry
    DEBPKG:debian/patchlevel - http://bugs.debian.org/567489 List packaged patches for 5.14.2-21+deb7u1 in patchlevel.h
    DEBPKG:fixes/h2ph-multiarch - [e7ec705] http://bugs.debian.org/625808 [perl #90122] Make h2ph correctly search gcc include directories
    DEBPKG:fixes/index-tainting - [3b36395] http://bugs.debian.org/291450 [perl #64804] RT 64804: tainting with index() of a constant
    DEBPKG:fixes/document_makemaker_ccflags - http://bugs.debian.org/628522 [rt.cpan.org #68613] Document that CCFLAGS should include $Config{ccflags}
    DEBPKG:fixes/sys-syslog-socket-timeout-kfreebsd.patch - http://bugs.debian.org/627821 [rt.cpan.org #69997] Use a socket timeout on GNU/kFreeBSD to catch ICMP port unreachable messages
    DEBPKG:fixes/hurd-hints - http://bugs.debian.org/636609 Improve general GNU hints, needed for GNU/Hurd.
    DEBPKG:fixes/pod_fixes - [7698aed] http://bugs.debian.org/637816 Fix typos in several pod/perl*.pod files
    DEBPKG:debian/find_html2text - http://bugs.debian.org/640479 Configure CPAN::Distribution with correct name of html2text
    DEBPKG:fixes/digest_eval_hole - http://bugs.debian.org/644108 Close the eval "require $module" security hole in Digest->new($algorithm)
    DEBPKG:fixes/hurd-ndbm - [f0d0a20] [perl #102680] http://bugs.debian.org/645989 Add GNU/Hurd hints for NDBM_File
    DEBPKG:fixes/sysconf.t-posix - [8040185] [perl #102888] http://bugs.debian.org/646016 Fix hang in ext/POSIX/t/sysconf.t on GNU/Hurd
    DEBPKG:fixes/hurd-largefile - [1fda587] [perl #103014] http://bugs.debian.org/645790 enable LFS on GNU/Hurd
    DEBPKG:debian/hurd_test_todo_syslog - http://bugs.debian.org/650093 Disable failing GNU/Hurd tests in cpan/Sys-Syslog/t/syslog.t
    DEBPKG:fixes/hurd_skip_itimer_virtual - [rt.cpan.org #72754] http://bugs.debian.org/650094 Skip interval timer tests in Time::HiRes on GNU/Hurd
    DEBPKG:debian/hurd_test_skip_sigdispatch - http://bugs.debian.org/650188 Disable failing GNU/Hurd tests op/sigdispatch.t
    DEBPKG:debian/hurd_test_skip_stack - http://bugs.debian.org/650175 Disable failing GNU/Hurd tests dist/threads/t/stack.t
    DEBPKG:debian/hurd_test_skip_pipe - http://bugs.debian.org/650187 Disable failing GNU/Hurd tests io/pipe.t
    DEBPKG:debian/hurd_test_skip_io_pipe - http://bugs.debian.org/650096 Disable failing GNU/Hurd tests dist/IO/t/io_pipe.t
    DEBPKG:fixes/manpage_name_CPAN - http://bugs.debian.org/650448 [rt.cpan.org #73396] cpan/CPAN: add NAME headings in modules with POD
    DEBPKG:fixes/manpage_name_CPANPLUS - http://bugs.debian.org/650450 [rt.cpan.org #73398] cpan/CPANPLUS: add NAME headings in modules with POD
    DEBPKG:fixes/manpage_name_Test-Harness - http://bugs.debian.org/650451 [rt.cpan.org #73399] cpan/Test-Harness: add NAME headings in modules with POD
    DEBPKG:fixes/manpage_name_Term-UI - http://bugs.debian.org/650452 [rt.cpan.org #73400] cpan/Term-UI: add NAME headings in modules with POD
    DEBPKG:fixes/podlators_ae_ligature_fallback - http://bugs.debian.org/652851 Fix the ASCII fallback string for AE
    DEBPKG:fixes/fsf_postal_address - [de89470] Update references to the FSF's postal address
    DEBPKG:fixes/cpan_module_pod_fixes - [perl #106870] [rt.cpan.org #73447] [rt.cpan.org #73446] Fix POD formatting in Term-Cap and Pod-Parser
    DEBPKG:fixes/cgi_no_shellwords_pl - Use Text::ParseWords instead of shellwords.pl
    DEBPKG:fixes/path_max_fallback - [perl #109262] http://bugs.debian.org/656869 Don't use _POSIX_PATH_MAX as a fallback PATH_MAX
    DEBPKG:debian/makemaker-pasthru - http://bugs.debian.org/660195 [rt.cpan.org #28632] Make EU::MM pass LD through to recursive Makefile.PL invocations
    DEBPKG:fixes/propagate_tainted_errors.patch - http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=663158 [perl #111654] properly propagate tainted errors
    DEBPKG:debian/perl5db-x-terminal-emulator.patch - http://bugs.debian.org/668490 Invoke x-terminal-emulator rather than xterm in perl5db.pl
    DEBPKG:fixes/socket_cache_propagate - http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=659075 [rt.cpan.org #61577] [perl #112736] sockdomain and socktype undef on newly accepted sockets
    DEBPKG:fixes/ipc_open3 - [perl #114454] http://bugs.debian.org/683894 IPC::Open3::open3(..., '-') broken
    DEBPKG:fixes/string_repeat_overrun - http://bugs.debian.org/689314 [b675304] avoid calling memset with a negative count
    DEBPKG:debian/cpan-missing-site-dirs - http://bugs.debian.org/688842 Fix CPAN::FirstTime defaults with nonexisting site dirs if a parent is writable
    DEBPKG:fixes/kfreebsd-overrides - http://bugs.debian.org/689713 [perl #115324] [7dc6565] Remove unnecessary overrides in gnukfreebsd and gnuknetbsd hints.
    DEBPKG:fixes/tainted-smartmatch - [be88a5c] http://bugs.debian.org/690571 [perl #93590] $tainted ~~ [...] failing
    DEBPKG:fixes/regexp-matching-starter - [6e634c5] http://bugs.debian.org/690975 [perl #101710] Regression with /i, latin1 chars.
    DEBPKG:fixes/regexp-matching-fold - [399fb9c] http://bugs.debian.org/690976 regexec.c: Fix "\x{FB01}\x{FB00}" =~ /ff/i
    DEBPKG:fixes/regexp-matching-opposite-case - [dc91d5a] http://bugs.debian.org/690979 [perl #101970] /[[:lower:]]/i matches upper case
    DEBPKG:fixes/reading-glob-copy-handle - [fd1564b] http://bugs.debian.org/629363 [perl #92258] <$fh> hangs on a glob copy
    DEBPKG:fixes/smartmatch-rhs-precedence - http://bugs.debian.org/691102 [011be0b] Enforce Any ~~ Object smartmatch precedence
    DEBPKG:fixes/perlcheat-update - http://bugs.debian.org/691112 [ab0ae0a] Update PerlCheat to 5.14
    DEBPKG:fixes/cgi-cr-escaping - http://bugs.debian.org/693420 CR escaping for P3P and Set-Cookie headers
    DEBPKG:fixes/maketext-code-execution - [1735f6f] http://bugs.debian.org/695224 Fix misparsing of maketext strings.
    DEBPKG:fixes/storable-security-warning - [664f237] http://bugs.debian.org/695223 add a note about security concerns in Storable
    DEBPKG:fixes/digest-sha-doublefree - [rt.cpan.org #82655] http://bugs.debian.org/698172 [a8c6ff7] Fix a double-free bug in Digest::SHA
    DEBPKG:fixes/64bitint-signedness-wraparound - http://bugs.debian.org/698320 [94e529c] Avoid wraparound when casting unsigned size_t to signed ssize_t.
    DEBPKG:fixes/stdin-sigchld - http://bugs.debian.org/700171 [perl #116621] [be48bbe] add a couple missing LEAVEs in perlio_async_run()
    DEBPKG:fixes/hsplit-rehash - [d59e31f] http://bugs.debian.org/702296 Prevent premature hsplit() calls, and only trigger REHASH after hsplit()
    DEBPKG:fixes/encode-memleak - http://bugs.debian.org/702416 [5814803] Encode: Fixed a memory leak that occurred in the UTF-8 encoding.
    DEBPKG:fixes/threads_shared_elements_crash - [perl #119089] http://bugs.debian.org/718438 threads::shared should not crash if shared elements outlive their aggregate.
    DEBPKG:fixes/perlbug-patchlist - [3541c11] http://bugs.debian.org/710842 [perl #118433] Make perlbug look up the list of local patches at run time
    DEBPKG:fixes/digest_sha_double_free - [ee8c6f4] [rt.cpan.org #86295] http://bugs.debian.org/711206 maint-5.18: Digest-SHA crash fix in 5.85
    DEBPKG:fixes/pl_eval_start_use_after_free - [eae139f] [perl #115992] PL_eval_start use-after-free
    DEBPKG:fixes/regcomp_fix_segv - [ebb390a] [perl #115994] fix segv in regcomp.c:S_join_exact()
    DEBPKG:fixes/list_util_off_by_two - [623a911] fix off-by-two error in List::Util
    DEBPKG:fixes/sdbm_off_by_one - [7f5f08b] [perl #111586] sdbm.c: fix off-by-one access to global ".dir"
    DEBPKG:fixes/socket_unpack_sockaddr_un_heap_buffer_overflow - [e508642] [perl #111594] Socket::unpack_sockaddr_un heap-buffer-overflow


@INC for perl 5.14.2:
    /etc/perl
    /usr/local/lib/perl/5.14.2
    /usr/local/share/perl/5.14.2
    /usr/lib/perl5
    /usr/share/perl5
    /usr/lib/perl/5.14
    /usr/share/perl/5.14
    /usr/local/lib/site_perl
    .


Environment for perl 5.14.2:
    HOME=/home/zefram
    LANG (unset)
    LANGUAGE (unset)
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH (unset)
    LOGDIR (unset)
    PATH=/home/zefram/pub/x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu/bin:/home/zefram/pub/common/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/games
    PERL_BADLANG (unset)
    SHELL=/usr/bin/zsh

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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Aug 25, 2015

From @mauke

On Wed Jan 22 05​:34​:41 2014, zefram@​fysh.org wrote​:

This is a bug report for perl from zefram@​fysh.org,
generated with the help of perlbug 1.39 running under perl 5.14.2.

-----------------------------------------------------------------
[Please describe your issue here]

In playing around with signatures, Ilmari on IRC noticed some funny
behaviour that boils down to different effects of local/my/our having
different scopes. For example​:

$ perl -lwe '$aaa=111; $bbb=222; { my(local our $aaa, $bbb) =
(333,444); print "$​::aaa $​::bbb"; } print "$​::aaa $​::bbb"'
333 444
111 444

Fixed in blead by commit f3106bc. This makes nested declarations an error.

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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Aug 25, 2015

The RT System itself - Status changed from 'new' to 'open'

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