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function prototypes #158

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p5pRT opened this issue Jul 3, 1999 · 1 comment
Closed

function prototypes #158

p5pRT opened this issue Jul 3, 1999 · 1 comment

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@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Jul 3, 1999

Migrated from rt.perl.org#963 (status was 'resolved')

Searchable as RT963$

@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Jul 3, 1999

From @vlbrown

If I declare (and or define) my function before I use it

  sub func() {
  return 1;
  }

  $returned = func(17);

  print $returned;

Then I get a fatal error if the protptype doesn't match.

  Too many arguments for main​::func at foo.pl line 7, near "17)"
  Execution of foo.pl aborted due to compilation errors.

However, if the function is not declared until after the call

  $returned = func(17);

  print $returned;

  sub func() {
  return 1;
  }

There is no error (fatal or otherwise).

This violates the Principle of Least Astonishment.

I could buy the argument that this is Difficult To Solve. I think it's a bug
even so.

Nevertheless, it would be useful at least if -w would warn about
  Prototype declared too late in code
or something similar so that folks like me who put the functions at the end of
the script would have some warning (and folks who <shudder> mistakenly use
C-style declarations of functions would at least hear from -w).

Perl Info


Site configuration information for perl 5.00502:

Configured by rdm at Sun Feb  7 16:25:31 PST 1999.

Summary of my perl5 (5.0 patchlevel 5 subversion 2) configuration:
  Platform:
    osname=freebsd, osvers=2.2.8-release, archname=i386-freebsd
    uname='freebsd cfcl.com 2.2.8-release freebsd 2.2.8-release #0: fri jan 15 18:39:18 pst 1999 rdm@cfcl.com:usrsrcsyscompilefreebie i386 '
    hint=recommended, useposix=true, d_sigaction=define
    usethreads=undef useperlio=undef d_sfio=undef
  Compiler:
    cc='cc', optimize='-O', gccversion=2.7.2.1
    cppflags='-I/usr/local/include'
    ccflags ='-I/usr/local/include'
    stdchar='char', d_stdstdio=undef, usevfork=true
    intsize=4, longsize=4, ptrsize=4, doublesize=8
    d_longlong=define, longlongsize=8, d_longdbl=define, longdblsize=12
    alignbytes=4, usemymalloc=n, prototype=define
  Linker and Libraries:
    ld='ld', ldflags =' -L/usr/local/lib'
    libpth=/usr/local/lib /usr/lib
    libs=-ldb -lm -lc -lcrypt
    libc=/usr/lib/libc.so.3.1, so=so, useshrplib=false, libperl=libperl.a
  Dynamic Linking:
    dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef, ccdlflags=' '
    cccdlflags='-DPIC -fpic', lddlflags='-Bshareable  -L/usr/local/lib'

Locally applied patches:
    


@INC for perl 5.00502:
    /usr/local/lib/perl5/5.00502/i386-freebsd
    /usr/local/lib/perl5/5.00502
    /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005/i386-freebsd
    /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005
    .


Environment for perl 5.00502:
    HOME=/home/vlb
    LANG (unset)
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH (unset)
    LOGDIR (unset)
    PATH=/home/vlb/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/nib:/usr/bin:/bin:/etc:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/games:/usr/games:.:/home/rdm/bin:/home/vlb/projex/ptf/bin
    PERL_BADLANG (unset)
    SHELL=/ulb/tcsh

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