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// Example of parsing JSON to document by parts.
// Using C++11 threads
// Temporarily disable for clang (older version) due to incompatibility with libstdc++
#if (__cplusplus >= 201103L || (defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER >= 1700)) && !defined(__clang__)
#include "rapidjson/document.h"
#include "rapidjson/error/en.h"
#include "rapidjson/writer.h"
#include "rapidjson/ostreamwrapper.h"
#include <condition_variable>
#include <iostream>
#include <mutex>
#include <thread>
using namespace rapidjson;
template<unsigned parseFlags = kParseDefaultFlags>
class AsyncDocumentParser {
public:
AsyncDocumentParser(Document& d)
: stream_(*this)
, d_(d)
, parseThread_()
, mutex_()
, notEmpty_()
, finish_()
, completed_()
{
// Create and execute thread after all member variables are initialized.
parseThread_ = std::thread(&AsyncDocumentParser::Parse, this);
}
~AsyncDocumentParser() {
if (!parseThread_.joinable())
return;
{
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
// Wait until the buffer is read up (or parsing is completed)
while (!stream_.Empty() && !completed_)
finish_.wait(lock);
// Automatically append '\0' as the terminator in the stream.
static const char terminator[] = "";
stream_.src_ = terminator;
stream_.end_ = terminator + 1;
notEmpty_.notify_one(); // unblock the AsyncStringStream
}
parseThread_.join();
}
void ParsePart(const char* buffer, size_t length) {
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
// Wait until the buffer is read up (or parsing is completed)
while (!stream_.Empty() && !completed_)
finish_.wait(lock);
// Stop further parsing if the parsing process is completed.
if (completed_)
return;
// Set the buffer to stream and unblock the AsyncStringStream
stream_.src_ = buffer;
stream_.end_ = buffer + length;
notEmpty_.notify_one();
}
private:
void Parse() {
d_.ParseStream<parseFlags>(stream_);
// The stream may not be fully read, notify finish anyway to unblock ParsePart()
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(mutex_);
completed_ = true; // Parsing process is completed
finish_.notify_one(); // Unblock ParsePart() or destructor if they are waiting.
}
struct AsyncStringStream {
typedef char Ch;
AsyncStringStream(AsyncDocumentParser& parser) : parser_(parser), src_(), end_(), count_() {}
char Peek() const {
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(parser_.mutex_);
// If nothing in stream, block to wait.
while (Empty())
parser_.notEmpty_.wait(lock);
return *src_;
}
char Take() {
std::unique_lock<std::mutex> lock(parser_.mutex_);
// If nothing in stream, block to wait.
while (Empty())
parser_.notEmpty_.wait(lock);
count_++;
char c = *src_++;
// If all stream is read up, notify that the stream is finish.
if (Empty())
parser_.finish_.notify_one();
return c;
}
size_t Tell() const { return count_; }
// Not implemented
char* PutBegin() { return 0; }
void Put(char) {}
void Flush() {}
size_t PutEnd(char*) { return 0; }
bool Empty() const { return src_ == end_; }
AsyncDocumentParser& parser_;
const char* src_; //!< Current read position.
const char* end_; //!< End of buffer
size_t count_; //!< Number of characters taken so far.
};
AsyncStringStream stream_;
Document& d_;
std::thread parseThread_;
std::mutex mutex_;
std::condition_variable notEmpty_;
std::condition_variable finish_;
bool completed_;
};
int main() {
Document d;
{
AsyncDocumentParser<> parser(d);
const char json1[] = " { \"hello\" : \"world\", \"t\" : tr";
//const char json1[] = " { \"hello\" : \"world\", \"t\" : trX"; // For test parsing error
const char json2[] = "ue, \"f\" : false, \"n\": null, \"i\":123, \"pi\": 3.14";
const char json3[] = "16, \"a\":[1, 2, 3, 4] } ";
parser.ParsePart(json1, sizeof(json1) - 1);
parser.ParsePart(json2, sizeof(json2) - 1);
parser.ParsePart(json3, sizeof(json3) - 1);
}
if (d.HasParseError()) {
std::cout << "Error at offset " << d.GetErrorOffset() << ": " << GetParseError_En(d.GetParseError()) << std::endl;
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
// Stringify the JSON to cout
OStreamWrapper os(std::cout);
Writer<OStreamWrapper> writer(os);
d.Accept(writer);
std::cout << std::endl;
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
#else // Not supporting C++11
#include <iostream>
int main() {
std::cout << "This example requires C++11 compiler" << std::endl;
}
#endif