Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
265 lines (251 sloc) 11.5 KB
#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import os
import io
import re
import csv
import sys
import codecs
import argparse
import binascii
import collections
ESCAPE_SEQUENCE_RE = re.compile(r'''
( \\U........ # 8-digit hex escapes
| \\u.... # 4-digit hex escapes
| \\x.. # 2-digit hex escapes
| \\[0-7]{1,3} # Octal escapes
| \\N\{[^}]+\} # Unicode characters by name
| \\[\\'"abfnrtv] # Single-character escapes
)''', re.UNICODE | re.VERBOSE)
re_float = re.compile(r'^(-?[0-9]*\.?[0-9]+(e[-+]?[0-9]+)?|nan|[+-]?inf)$', re.I)
# re_int = re.compile(r'^(0|-?[1-9][0-9]*)$')
re_int = re.compile(r'^-?[0-9]+$')
re_null = re.compile(r'^(|null|\\N)$', re.I)
re_null2 = re.compile(r'^( |-|\.|none|na|n/a)$', re.I)
re_null3 = re.compile(r'^(|null|\\N| |-|\.|none|na|n/a)$', re.I)
re_nonp = re.compile(r'[\000-\010\013\014\016-\037]')
geom_types = sorted((
'POINT', 'POINT Z', 'POINT M', 'POINT ZM',
'LINESTRING', 'LINESTRING Z', 'LINESTRING M', 'LINESTRING ZM',
'POLYGON', 'POLYGON Z', 'POLYGON M', 'POLYGON ZM',
'MULTIPOINT', 'MULTIPOINT Z', 'MULTIPOINT M', 'MULTIPOINT ZM',
'MULTILINESTRING', 'MULTILINESTRING Z', 'MULTILINESTRING M', 'MULTILINESTRING ZM',
'MULTIPOLYGON', 'MULTIPOLYGON Z', 'MULTIPOLYGON M', 'MULTIPOLYGON ZM',
'GEOMETRYCOLLECTION', 'GEOMETRYCOLLECTION Z', 'GEOMETRYCOLLECTION ZM', 'GEOMETRYCOLLECTION ZM',
'GEOMETRY', 'GEOMETRY Z', 'GEOMETRY M', 'GEOMETRY ZM'), key=len, reverse=1)
# SMALLINT < INTEGER < BIGINT < DECIMAL < DOUBLE < GEOM < TEXT < BLOB
# We don't detect BOOLEAN
TYPES = {v:k for k, v in enumerate((
'SMALLINT', 'INTEGER', 'BIGINT', 'DECIMAL', 'DOUBLE', 'GEOM', 'TEXT', 'BLOB'))}
BIGINT_MIN = -9223372036854775808
BIGINT_MAX = 9223372036854775807
INT_MIN = -2147483648
INT_MAX = 2147483647
# be conservative
SMALLINT_MIN = -128
SMALLINT_MAX = 127
class CustumDialect(csv.Dialect):
pass
def decode_escapes(s):
def decode_match(match):
return codecs.decode(match.group(0), 'unicode-escape')
return ESCAPE_SEQUENCE_RE.sub(decode_match, s)
def check_wkt(s):
gtype = dimension = None
s = s.upper()
for cmd in geom_types:
if s.startswith(cmd):
gtype_a = cmd.split(' ')
gtype = gtype_a[0]
if len(gtype_a) == 1:
dimension = 2
elif gtype_a[1] == 'Z':
dimension = 3
elif gtype_a[1] == 'ZM':
dimension = 4
else:
dimension = 'XY' + gtype_a[1]
break
return gtype, dimension
def main():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Generate SQL definition from CSV files. Automagically determines field type.", epilog="--delimiter accepts c-style escaped string, eg. '\\t' for tabs.\nThe generated SQL is supposed to be manually checked first.")
parser.add_argument("-d", "--delimeter", help="A one-character string used to separate fields, defaults to ','.", default=",", metavar="CHAR")
parser.add_argument("-e", "--escapechar", help="The escapechar removes any special meaning from the following character.", metavar="CHAR")
parser.add_argument("-q", "--quotechar", help="A one-character string used to quote fields containing special characters.", default='"', metavar="CHAR")
parser.add_argument("-s", "--skipinitialspace", help="When used, whitespace immediately following the delimiter is ignored.", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-t", "--strict", help="When used, exit on bad CSV input.", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-D", "--no-doublequote", help="The escapechar is used as a prefix to the quotechar.", action="store_true")
parser.add_argument("-c", "--encoding", help="CSV encoding to validate.", default='utf-8')
parser.add_argument("-n", "--tablename", help="Table name to import into. (default: filename)")
parser.add_argument("-r", "--rowno", help="Add an integer primary key row number column", metavar="COLNAME", nargs="?", const='id')
parser.add_argument("-i", "--insert", help="Output inserts.", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-I", "--insert-only", help="Output inserts without CREATE TABLE statements.", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("--begin", help="Command to start a transaction, defaults to BEGIN", default='BEGIN')
parser.add_argument("--wkt", help="Identify Geometry column (WKT) for SpatiaLite/PostGIS.", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("--spindex", help="Create spatial index on Geometry columns. (SpatiaLite only)", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-H", "--no-header", help="First row is not header.", action="store_true")
parser.add_argument("file", help="Input file")
args = parser.parse_args()
dialect = CustumDialect
dialect.delimiter = decode_escapes(args.delimeter)
dialect.doublequote = not args.no_doublequote
dialect.escapechar = args.escapechar
dialect.lineterminator = '\r\n'
dialect.quotechar = args.quotechar
dialect.quoting = csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL
dialect.skipinitialspace = args.skipinitialspace
dialect.strict = args.strict
with open(args.file, 'rb') as fb:
f = io.TextIOWrapper(fb, encoding='latin1', newline='')
reader = csv.reader(f, dialect)
columns = row = next(reader)
if args.no_header:
columns = ('c%d' % i for i in range(len(row)))
f.seek(0)
header = collections.OrderedDict.fromkeys(columns)
ids = collections.OrderedDict((x, set()) for x in header if 'id' in x.lower())
geom_cols = collections.OrderedDict()
for rowcount, row in enumerate(reader, 1):
for key, col in zip(header, row):
coltype = header[key]
if re_null.match(col):
if key in ids:
del ids[key]
elif (coltype and TYPES[coltype] < TYPES['TEXT']
and re_null2.match(col)):
if key in ids:
del ids[key]
elif re_int.match(col):
if coltype and TYPES[coltype] > TYPES['DECIMAL']:
continue
intval = int(col)
if intval != 0 and col.startswith('0'):
dtype = 'TEXT'
elif intval > BIGINT_MAX or intval < BIGINT_MIN:
dtype = 'DECIMAL'
elif intval > INT_MAX or intval < INT_MIN:
dtype = 'BIGINT'
# be conservative, don't use <=
elif SMALLINT_MIN < intval < SMALLINT_MAX:
dtype = 'SMALLINT'
else:
dtype = 'INTEGER'
if not coltype or TYPES[coltype] < TYPES[dtype]:
header[key] = dtype
if key in ids:
if col in ids[key]:
del ids[key]
else:
ids[key].add(col)
elif re_float.match(col):
if coltype and TYPES[coltype] > TYPES['DOUBLE']:
continue
elif key in ids:
del ids[key]
header[key] = 'DOUBLE'
elif coltype != 'BLOB':
if key in ids:
del ids[key]
if re_nonp.search(col):
header[key] = 'BLOB'
continue
else:
try:
col.encode('latin1').decode(args.encoding)
except UnicodeDecodeError:
header[key] = 'BLOB'
continue
if coltype == 'TEXT':
continue
if args.wkt:
gtype_dimension = check_wkt(col)
else:
header[key] = 'TEXT'
continue
if gtype_dimension[0]:
if coltype == 'GEOM':
if geom_cols[key] != gtype_dimension:
header[key] = 'TEXT'
del geom_cols[key]
else:
header[key] = 'GEOM'
geom_cols[key] = gtype_dimension
else:
header[key] = 'TEXT'
tablename = args.tablename or os.path.basename(os.path.splitext(fb.name)[0])
if not tablename.isidentifier():
tablename = '"%s"' % tablename
pkey = tuple(ids.keys())[0] if ids else None
result = []
result.append('CREATE TABLE %s (' % tablename)
if args.rowno:
result.append('%s %s PRIMARY KEY,' % (
args.rowno if args.rowno.isidentifier() else '"%s"' % args.rowno,
'BIGINT' if rowcount > INT_MAX else 'INTEGER'
))
for k, v in header.items():
if v == 'GEOM':
continue
elif v is None:
v = header[k] = 'TEXT'
result.append('%s %s%s,' % (
k if k.isidentifier() else '"%s"' % k,
v if v != 'DOUBLE' else 'DOUBLE PRECISION',
' PRIMARY KEY' if k == pkey and not args.rowno else ''
))
result[-1] = result[-1][:-1]
result.append(');')
for k, v in geom_cols.items():
gtype, dimension = v
result.append(
"SELECT AddGeometryColumn('%s', '%s', 4326, '%s', %r);" %
(tablename.strip('"'), k, gtype, dimension)
)
if args.spindex:
result.append("SELECT CreateSpatialIndex('%s', '%s');" %
(tablename.strip('"'), k))
if not args.insert_only:
print('\n'.join(result))
if not (args.insert or args.insert_only):
return
header_idx = tuple(header.values())
header_name_idx = {v:k for k,v in enumerate(header.keys())}
print(args.begin + ';')
with open(args.file, 'rb') as fb:
f = io.TextIOWrapper(fb, encoding='latin1', newline='')
reader = csv.reader(f, dialect)
if not args.no_header:
next(reader)
for rowcount, row in enumerate(reader, 1):
if args.rowno:
vals = [str(rowcount)]
else:
vals = []
for k, v in enumerate(row):
if k >= len(header_idx):
continue
coltype = header_idx[k]
if coltype == 'GEOM':
pass
elif TYPES[coltype] < TYPES['GEOM']:
if re_null3.match(v):
vals.append('null')
else:
vals.append(v)
elif coltype == 'TEXT':
text = v.encode('latin1').decode(args.encoding)
vals.append("'%s'" % text.replace("'", "''"))
# .replace('\r', "'||char(13)||'").replace('\n', "'||char(10)||'"))
else:
vals.append("X'%s'" % binascii.b2a_hex(v.encode('latin1')).decode('ascii'))
for k in geom_cols:
v = row[header_name_idx[k]]
if re_null3.match(v):
vals.append('null')
else:
vals.append("ST_GeomFromText('%s',4326)" % v.replace("'", "''"))
print('INSERT INTO %s VALUES (%s);' % (
tablename, ','.join(vals)))
print('COMMIT;')
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
You can’t perform that action at this time.