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/* Written by Simon Josefsson <simon@yubico.com>.
* Copyright (c) 2006-2014 Yubico AB
* Copyright (c) 2011 Tollef Fog Heen <tfheen@err.no>
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
* met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
*
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
* copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
* disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
* with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
* "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
* A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
* OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
* SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
* DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
* THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
* (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
* OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "util.h"
#include "drop_privs.h"
#include <ykclient.h>
#if HAVE_CR
/* for yubikey_hex_encode */
#include <yubikey.h>
/* for yubikey pbkdf2*/
#include <ykpbkdf2.h>
#endif /* HAVE_CR */
/* Libtool defines PIC for shared objects */
#ifndef PIC
#define PAM_STATIC
#endif
/* These #defines must be present according to PAM documentation. */
#define PAM_SM_AUTH
#ifdef HAVE_SECURITY_PAM_APPL_H
#include <security/pam_appl.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SECURITY_PAM_MODULES_H
#include <security/pam_modules.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_LIBLDAP
/* Some functions like ldap_init, ldap_simple_bind_s, ldap_unbind are
deprecated but still available. We will drop support for 'ldapserver'
(in favour of 'ldap_uri' and update to using the new functions instead
soon.
*/
#define LDAP_DEPRECATED 1
#include <ldap.h>
#define PORT_NUMBER LDAP_PORT
#endif
#ifndef PAM_EXTERN
#ifdef PAM_STATIC
#define PAM_EXTERN static
#else
#define PAM_EXTERN extern
#endif
#endif
#define TOKEN_OTP_LEN 32u
#define MAX_TOKEN_ID_LEN 16u
#define DEFAULT_TOKEN_ID_LEN 12u
#define TMPFILE_SUFFIX ".XXXXXX"
enum key_mode {
CHRESP,
CLIENT
};
struct cfg
{
unsigned int client_id;
const char *client_key;
int debug;
int alwaysok;
int verbose_otp;
int try_first_pass;
int use_first_pass;
const char *auth_file;
const char *capath;
const char *cainfo;
const char *proxy;
const char *url;
const char *urllist;
const char *ldapserver;
const char *ldap_uri;
const char *ldap_bind_user;
const char *ldap_bind_password;
const char *ldap_filter;
const char *ldap_cacertfile;
const char *ldapdn;
const char *user_attr;
const char *yubi_attr;
const char *yubi_attr_prefix;
unsigned int token_id_length;
enum key_mode mode;
const char *chalresp_path;
};
#ifdef DBG
#undef DBG
#endif
#define DBG(x) if (cfg->debug) { D(x); }
/*
* Authorize authenticated OTP_ID for login as USERNAME using
* AUTHFILE. Return -2 if the user is unknown, -1 if the OTP_ID does not match, 0 on internal failures, otherwise success.
*/
static int
authorize_user_token (struct cfg *cfg,
const char *username,
const char *otp_id,
pam_handle_t *pamh)
{
int retval;
if (cfg->auth_file)
{
/* Administrator had configured the file and specified is name
as an argument for this module.
*/
DBG (("Using system-wide auth_file %s", cfg->auth_file));
retval = check_user_token (cfg->auth_file, username, otp_id, cfg->debug);
}
else
{
char *userfile = NULL;
struct passwd pass, *p;
char buf[1024];
size_t buflen = sizeof(buf);
int pwres;
PAM_MODUTIL_DEF_PRIVS(privs);
pwres = getpwnam_r (username, &pass, buf, buflen, &p);
if (p == NULL) {
DBG (("getpwnam_r: %s", strerror(pwres)));
return 0;
}
/* Getting file from user home directory
..... i.e. ~/.yubico/authorized_yubikeys
*/
if (! get_user_cfgfile_path (NULL, "authorized_yubikeys", p, &userfile)) {
D (("Failed figuring out per-user cfgfile"));
return 0;
}
DBG (("Dropping privileges"));
if(pam_modutil_drop_priv(pamh, &privs, p)) {
DBG (("could not drop privileges"));
retval = 0;
goto free_out;
}
retval = check_user_token (userfile, username, otp_id, cfg->debug);
if(pam_modutil_regain_priv(pamh, &privs)) {
DBG (("could not restore privileges"));
retval = 0;
goto free_out;
}
free_out:
free (userfile);
}
return retval;
}
/*
* This function will look in ldap id the token correspond to the
* requested user. It will returns 0 for failure and 1 for success.
*
* ldaps is only supported for ldap_uri based connections.
* ldap_cacertfile usually needs to be set for this to work.
*
* ldap serve can be on a remote host.
*
* You need the following parameters in you pam config:
* ldapserver= OR ldap_uri=
* ldapdn=
* user_attr=
* yubi_attr=
*
* If using ldap_uri, you can specify multiple failover hosts
* eg.
* ldap_uri=ldaps://host1.fqdn.example.com,ldaps://host2.fqdn.example.com
*/
static int
authorize_user_token_ldap (struct cfg *cfg,
const char *user,
const char *token_id)
{
int retval = 0;
#ifdef HAVE_LIBLDAP
/* LDAPv2 is historical -- RFC3494. */
int protocol = LDAP_VERSION3;
size_t yubi_attr_prefix_len = 0;
LDAP *ld = NULL;
LDAPMessage *result = NULL, *e;
BerElement *ber;
char *a;
char *attrs[2] = {NULL, NULL};
struct berval **vals;
int rc;
size_t i;
char *filter = NULL;
char *find = NULL;
int scope = LDAP_SCOPE_BASE;
#endif
DBG(("called"));
#ifdef HAVE_LIBLDAP
if (cfg->yubi_attr == NULL) {
DBG (("Trying to look up user to YubiKey mapping in LDAP, but yubi_attr not set!"));
return 0;
}
if (cfg->user_attr && cfg->ldapdn == NULL) {
DBG (("Trying to look up user to YubiKey mapping in LDAP, user_attr set but ldapdn not set!"));
return 0;
}
/* Get a handle to an LDAP connection. */
if (cfg->ldap_uri)
{
rc = ldap_initialize (&ld, cfg->ldap_uri);
if (rc != LDAP_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("ldap_initialize: %s", ldap_err2string (rc)));
retval = 0;
goto done;
}
}
else
{
if ((ld = ldap_init (cfg->ldapserver, PORT_NUMBER)) == NULL)
{
DBG (("ldap_init"));
retval = 0;
goto done;
}
}
ldap_set_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_REFERRALS, LDAP_OPT_OFF);
ldap_set_option (ld, LDAP_OPT_PROTOCOL_VERSION, &protocol);
if (cfg->ldap_uri && cfg->ldap_cacertfile) {
/* Set CA CERTFILE. This makes ldaps work when using ldap_uri */
ldap_set_option (0, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE, cfg->ldap_cacertfile);
}
/* Bind anonymously to the LDAP server. */
if (cfg->ldap_bind_user && cfg->ldap_bind_password) {
DBG (("try bind with: %s:[%s]", cfg->ldap_bind_user, cfg->ldap_bind_password));
rc = ldap_simple_bind_s (ld, cfg->ldap_bind_user, cfg->ldap_bind_password);
} else {
DBG (("try bind anonymous"));
rc = ldap_simple_bind_s (ld, NULL, NULL);
}
if (rc != LDAP_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("ldap_simple_bind_s: %s", ldap_err2string (rc)));
retval = 0;
goto done;
}
/* Allocation of memory for search strings depending on input size */
if (cfg->user_attr && cfg->yubi_attr && cfg->ldapdn) {
i = (strlen(cfg->user_attr) + strlen(cfg->ldapdn) + strlen(user) + 3) * sizeof(char);
if ((find = malloc(i)) == NULL) {
DBG (("Failed allocating %zu bytes", i));
retval = 0;
goto done;
}
sprintf (find, "%s=%s,%s", cfg->user_attr, user, cfg->ldapdn);
filter = NULL;
} else if (cfg->ldapdn) {
find = strdup(cfg->ldapdn); /* allow free later */
}
if (cfg->ldap_filter) {
filter = filter_printf(cfg->ldap_filter, user);
scope = LDAP_SCOPE_SUBTREE;
}
attrs[0] = (char *) cfg->yubi_attr;
DBG(("LDAP : look up object base='%s' filter='%s', ask for attribute '%s'", find,
filter ? filter:"(null)", cfg->yubi_attr));
/* Search for the entry. */
if ((rc = ldap_search_ext_s (ld, find, scope,
filter, attrs, 0, NULL, NULL, LDAP_NO_LIMIT,
LDAP_NO_LIMIT, &result)) != LDAP_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("ldap_search_ext_s: %s", ldap_err2string (rc)));
retval = 0;
goto done;
}
e = ldap_first_entry (ld, result);
if (e == NULL)
{
DBG (("No result from LDAP search"));
retval = -2;
}
else
{
retval = -1;
/* Iterate through each returned attribute. */
for (a = ldap_first_attribute (ld, e, &ber);
a != NULL; a = ldap_next_attribute (ld, e, ber))
{
if ((vals = ldap_get_values_len (ld, e, a)) != NULL)
{
yubi_attr_prefix_len = cfg->yubi_attr_prefix ? strlen(cfg->yubi_attr_prefix) : 0;
/* Compare each value for the attribute against the token id. */
for (i = 0; vals[i] != NULL; i++)
{
DBG(("LDAP : Found %i values - checking if any of them match '%s:%s:%s'",
ldap_count_values_len(vals),
vals[i]->bv_val,
cfg->yubi_attr_prefix ? cfg->yubi_attr_prefix : "", token_id));
/* Only values containing this prefix are considered. */
if ((!cfg->yubi_attr_prefix || !strncmp (cfg->yubi_attr_prefix, vals[i]->bv_val, yubi_attr_prefix_len)))
{
if(!strncmp (token_id, vals[i]->bv_val + yubi_attr_prefix_len, strlen (token_id)))
{
DBG (("Token Found :: %s", vals[i]->bv_val));
retval = 1;
}
}
}
ldap_value_free_len (vals);
}
ldap_memfree (a);
}
if (ber != NULL)
ber_free (ber, 0);
}
done:
if (result != NULL)
ldap_msgfree (result);
if (ld != NULL)
ldap_unbind (ld);
/* free memory allocated for search strings */
if (find != NULL)
free(find);
if (filter != NULL)
free(filter);
#else
DBG (("Trying to use LDAP, but this function is not compiled in pam_yubico!!"));
DBG (("Install libldap-dev and then recompile pam_yubico."));
#endif
return retval;
}
#if HAVE_CR
static int
display_error(pam_handle_t *pamh, const char *message) {
struct pam_conv *conv;
const struct pam_message *pmsg[1];
struct pam_message msg[1];
struct pam_response *resp = NULL;
int retval;
retval = pam_get_item (pamh, PAM_CONV, (const void **) &conv);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS) {
D(("get conv returned error: %s", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
return retval;
}
if(!conv || !conv->conv){
D(("conv() function invalid"));
return PAM_CONV_ERR;
}
pmsg[0] = &msg[0];
msg[0].msg = (char *) message; /* on some systems, pam_message.msg isn't const */
msg[0].msg_style = PAM_ERROR_MSG;
retval = conv->conv(1, pmsg, &resp, conv->appdata_ptr);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS) {
D(("conv returned error: %s", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
return retval;
}
if (resp)
{
D(("conv returned: '%s'", resp->resp));
if (resp->resp)
free (resp->resp);
free (resp);
}
return retval;
}
#endif /* HAVE_CR */
#if HAVE_CR
static int
do_challenge_response(pam_handle_t *pamh, struct cfg *cfg, const char *username)
{
char *userfile = NULL, *tmpfile = NULL;
FILE *f = NULL;
char buf[CR_RESPONSE_SIZE + 16], response_hex[CR_RESPONSE_SIZE * 2 + 1];
int ret, fd;
unsigned int response_len = 0;
YK_KEY *yk = NULL;
CR_STATE state;
const char *errstr = NULL;
struct passwd pass, *p;
char pwbuf[1024];
size_t pwbuflen = sizeof(pwbuf);
int pwres;
struct stat st;
/* we must declare two sepparate privs structures as they can't be reused */
PAM_MODUTIL_DEF_PRIVS(privs);
PAM_MODUTIL_DEF_PRIVS(privs2);
ret = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
if (! init_yubikey(&yk)) {
DBG(("Failed initializing YubiKey"));
goto out;
}
if (! check_firmware_version(yk, cfg->debug, true)) {
DBG(("YubiKey does not support Challenge-Response (version 2.2 required)"));
goto out;
}
pwres = getpwnam_r (username, &pass, pwbuf, pwbuflen, &p);
if (p == NULL) {
DBG (("getpwnam_r: %s", strerror(pwres)));
goto out;
}
if (! get_user_challenge_file (yk, cfg->chalresp_path, p, &userfile)) {
DBG(("Failed getting user challenge file for user %s", username));
goto out;
}
DBG(("Loading challenge from file %s", userfile));
/* Drop privileges before opening user file (if we're not using system-wide dir). */
if (!cfg->chalresp_path) {
if (pam_modutil_drop_priv(pamh, &privs, p)) {
DBG (("could not drop privileges"));
goto out;
}
}
fd = open(userfile, O_RDONLY, 0);
if (fd < 0) {
DBG (("Cannot open file: %s (%s)", userfile, strerror(errno)));
goto restpriv_out;
}
if (fstat(fd, &st) < 0) {
DBG (("Cannot stat file: %s (%s)", userfile, strerror(errno)));
close(fd);
goto restpriv_out;
}
if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
DBG (("%s is not a regular file", userfile));
close(fd);
goto restpriv_out;
}
f = fdopen(fd, "r");
if (f == NULL) {
DBG (("fdopen: %s", strerror(errno)));
close(fd);
goto restpriv_out;
}
if (! load_chalresp_state(f, &state, cfg->debug))
goto restpriv_out;
if (fclose(f) < 0) {
f = NULL;
goto restpriv_out;
}
f = NULL;
if (!cfg->chalresp_path) {
if (pam_modutil_regain_priv(pamh, &privs)) {
DBG (("could not restore privileges"));
goto out;
}
}
if (! challenge_response(yk, state.slot, state.challenge, state.challenge_len,
true, true, false,
buf, sizeof(buf), &response_len)) {
DBG(("Challenge-response FAILED"));
goto out;
}
/*
* Check YubiKey response against the expected response
*/
yubikey_hex_encode(response_hex, buf, response_len);
if(state.salt_len > 0) { /* the expected response has gone through pbkdf2 */
YK_PRF_METHOD prf_method = {20, yk_hmac_sha1};
yk_pbkdf2(response_hex, (unsigned char*)state.salt, state.salt_len, state.iterations,
(unsigned char*)buf, response_len, &prf_method);
}
if (memcmp(buf, state.response, state.response_len) == 0) {
ret = PAM_SUCCESS;
} else {
DBG(("Unexpected C/R response : %s", response_hex));
goto out;
}
DBG(("Got the expected response, generating new challenge (%u bytes).", CR_CHALLENGE_SIZE));
errstr = "Error generating new challenge, please check syslog or contact your system administrator";
if (generate_random(state.challenge, sizeof(state.challenge))) {
DBG(("Failed generating new challenge!"));
goto out;
}
errstr = "Error communicating with Yubikey, please check syslog or contact your system administrator";
if (! challenge_response(yk, state.slot, state.challenge, CR_CHALLENGE_SIZE,
true, true, false,
buf, sizeof(buf), &response_len)) {
DBG(("Second challenge-response FAILED"));
goto out;
}
/* There is a bug that makes the YubiKey 2.2 send the same response for all challenges
unless HMAC_LT64 is set, check for that here */
if (memcmp(buf, state.response, state.response_len) == 0) {
errstr = "Same response for second challenge, YubiKey should be reconfigured with the option HMAC_LT64";
goto out;
}
/* the yk_* functions leave 'junk' in errno */
errno = 0;
/*
* Write the challenge and response we will expect the next time to the state file.
*/
if (response_len > sizeof(state.response)) {
DBG(("Got too long response ??? (%u/%zu)", response_len, sizeof(state.response)));
goto out;
}
memcpy (state.response, buf, response_len);
state.response_len = response_len;
/* point to the fresh privs structure.. */
privs = privs2;
/* Drop privileges before creating new challenge file. */
if (!cfg->chalresp_path) {
if (pam_modutil_drop_priv(pamh, &privs, p)) {
DBG (("could not drop privileges"));
goto out;
}
}
/* Write out the new file */
tmpfile = malloc(strlen(userfile) + 1 + strlen(TMPFILE_SUFFIX));
if (! tmpfile)
goto restpriv_out;
strcpy(tmpfile, userfile);
strcat(tmpfile, TMPFILE_SUFFIX);
fd = mkstemp(tmpfile);
if (fd < 0) {
DBG (("Cannot open file: %s (%s)", tmpfile, strerror(errno)));
goto restpriv_out;
}
if (fchmod (fd, st.st_mode) != 0) {
DBG (("could not set correct file permissions"));
goto restpriv_out;
}
if (fchown (fd, st.st_uid, st.st_gid) != 0) {
DBG (("could not set correct file ownership"));
goto restpriv_out;
}
f = fdopen(fd, "w");
if (! f) {
close(fd);
goto restpriv_out;
}
errstr = "Error updating Yubikey challenge, please check syslog or contact your system administrator";
if (! write_chalresp_state (f, &state))
goto out;
if (fclose(f) < 0) {
f = NULL;
goto restpriv_out;
}
f = NULL;
if (rename(tmpfile, userfile) < 0) {
goto restpriv_out;
}
DBG(("Challenge-response success!"));
errstr = NULL;
errno = 0;
yk_errno = 0;
restpriv_out:
if (!cfg->chalresp_path) {
if (pam_modutil_regain_priv(pamh, &privs)) {
DBG (("could not restore privileges"));
}
}
out:
if (yk_errno) {
if (yk_errno == YK_EUSBERR) {
syslog(LOG_ERR, "USB error: %s", yk_usb_strerror());
DBG(("USB error: %s", yk_usb_strerror()));
} else {
syslog(LOG_ERR, "Yubikey core error: %s", yk_strerror(yk_errno));
DBG(("Yubikey core error: %s", yk_strerror(yk_errno)));
}
}
if (errstr)
display_error(pamh, errstr);
if (errno) {
syslog(LOG_ERR, "Challenge response failed: %s", strerror(errno));
DBG(("Challenge response failed: %s", strerror(errno)));
}
if (yk)
yk_close_key(yk);
yk_release();
if (f)
fclose(f);
free(userfile);
free(tmpfile);
return ret;
}
#endif /* HAVE_CR */
static void
parse_cfg (int flags, int argc, const char **argv, struct cfg *cfg)
{
int i;
memset (cfg, 0, sizeof(struct cfg));
cfg->client_id = 0;
cfg->token_id_length = DEFAULT_TOKEN_ID_LEN;
cfg->mode = CLIENT;
for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
{
if (strncmp (argv[i], "id=", 3) == 0)
sscanf (argv[i], "id=%d", &cfg->client_id);
if (strncmp (argv[i], "key=", 4) == 0)
cfg->client_key = argv[i] + 4;
if (strcmp (argv[i], "debug") == 0)
cfg->debug = 1;
if (strcmp (argv[i], "alwaysok") == 0)
cfg->alwaysok = 1;
if (strcmp (argv[i], "verbose_otp") == 0)
cfg->verbose_otp = 1;
if (strcmp (argv[i], "try_first_pass") == 0)
cfg->try_first_pass = 1;
if (strcmp (argv[i], "use_first_pass") == 0)
cfg->use_first_pass = 1;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "authfile=", 9) == 0)
cfg->auth_file = argv[i] + 9;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "capath=", 7) == 0)
cfg->capath = argv[i] + 7;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "cainfo=", 7) == 0)
cfg->cainfo = argv[i] + 7;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "proxy=", 6) == 0)
cfg->proxy = argv[i] + 6;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "url=", 4) == 0)
cfg->url = argv[i] + 4;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "urllist=", 8) == 0)
cfg->urllist = argv[i] + 8;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldapserver=", 11) == 0)
cfg->ldapserver = argv[i] + 11;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldap_uri=", 9) == 0)
cfg->ldap_uri = argv[i] + 9;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldap_bind_user=", 15) == 0)
cfg->ldap_bind_user = argv[i] + 15;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldap_bind_password=", 19) == 0)
cfg->ldap_bind_password = argv[i] + 19;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldap_filter=", 12) == 0)
cfg->ldap_filter = argv[i] + 12;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldap_cacertfile=", 16) == 0)
cfg->ldap_cacertfile = argv[i] + 16;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "ldapdn=", 7) == 0)
cfg->ldapdn = argv[i] + 7;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "user_attr=", 10) == 0)
cfg->user_attr = argv[i] + 10;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "yubi_attr=", 10) == 0)
cfg->yubi_attr = argv[i] + 10;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "yubi_attr_prefix=", 17) == 0)
cfg->yubi_attr_prefix = argv[i] + 17;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "token_id_length=", 16) == 0)
sscanf (argv[i], "token_id_length=%u", &cfg->token_id_length);
if (strcmp (argv[i], "mode=challenge-response") == 0)
cfg->mode = CHRESP;
if (strcmp (argv[i], "mode=client") == 0)
cfg->mode = CLIENT;
if (strncmp (argv[i], "chalresp_path=", 14) == 0)
cfg->chalresp_path = argv[i] + 14;
}
if (cfg->debug)
{
D (("called."));
D (("flags %d argc %d", flags, argc));
for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
D (("argv[%d]=%s", i, argv[i]));
D (("id=%u", cfg->client_id));
D (("key=%s", cfg->client_key ? cfg->client_key : "(null)"));
D (("debug=%d", cfg->debug));
D (("alwaysok=%d", cfg->alwaysok));
D (("verbose_otp=%d", cfg->verbose_otp));
D (("try_first_pass=%d", cfg->try_first_pass));
D (("use_first_pass=%d", cfg->use_first_pass));
D (("authfile=%s", cfg->auth_file ? cfg->auth_file : "(null)"));
D (("ldapserver=%s", cfg->ldapserver ? cfg->ldapserver : "(null)"));
D (("ldap_uri=%s", cfg->ldap_uri ? cfg->ldap_uri : "(null)"));
D (("ldap_bind_user=%s", cfg->ldap_bind_user ? cfg->ldap_bind_user : "(null)"));
D (("ldap_bind_password=%s", cfg->ldap_bind_password ? cfg->ldap_bind_password : "(null)"));
D (("ldap_filter=%s", cfg->ldap_filter ? cfg->ldap_filter : "(null)"));
D (("ldap_cacertfile=%s", cfg->ldap_cacertfile ? cfg->ldap_cacertfile : "(null)"));
D (("ldapdn=%s", cfg->ldapdn ? cfg->ldapdn : "(null)"));
D (("user_attr=%s", cfg->user_attr ? cfg->user_attr : "(null)"));
D (("yubi_attr=%s", cfg->yubi_attr ? cfg->yubi_attr : "(null)"));
D (("yubi_attr_prefix=%s", cfg->yubi_attr_prefix ? cfg->yubi_attr_prefix : "(null)"));
D (("url=%s", cfg->url ? cfg->url : "(null)"));
D (("urllist=%s", cfg->urllist ? cfg->urllist : "(null)"));
D (("capath=%s", cfg->capath ? cfg->capath : "(null)"));
D (("cainfo=%s", cfg->cainfo ? cfg->cainfo : "(null)"));
D (("proxy=%s", cfg->proxy ? cfg->proxy : "(null)"));
D (("token_id_length=%d", cfg->token_id_length));
D (("mode=%s", cfg->mode == CLIENT ? "client" : "chresp" ));
D (("chalresp_path=%s", cfg->chalresp_path ? cfg->chalresp_path : "(null)"));
}
}
PAM_EXTERN int
pam_sm_authenticate (pam_handle_t * pamh,
int flags, int argc, const char **argv)
{
int retval, rc;
const char *user = NULL;
const char *password = NULL;
char otp[MAX_TOKEN_ID_LEN + TOKEN_OTP_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
char otp_id[MAX_TOKEN_ID_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
size_t password_len = 0;
int skip_bytes = 0;
int valid_token = 0;
struct pam_conv *conv;
const struct pam_message *pmsg[1];
struct pam_message msg[1] = {{0}};
struct pam_response *resp = NULL;
int nargs = 1;
ykclient_t *ykc = NULL;
struct cfg cfg_st;
struct cfg *cfg = &cfg_st; /* for DBG macro */
size_t templates = 0;
char *urls[10];
char *tmpurl = NULL;
char *onlypasswd = NULL;
parse_cfg (flags, argc, argv, cfg);
DBG (("pam_yubico version: %s", VERSION));
if (cfg->token_id_length > MAX_TOKEN_ID_LEN)
{
DBG (("configuration error: token_id_length too long. Maximum acceptable value : %u", MAX_TOKEN_ID_LEN));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
retval = pam_get_user (pamh, &user, NULL);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("get user returned error: %s", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
goto done;
}
DBG (("get user returned: %s", user));
if (cfg->mode == CHRESP) {
#if HAVE_CR
return do_challenge_response(pamh, cfg, user);
#else
DBG (("no support for challenge/response"));
retval = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
goto done;
#endif
}
if (cfg->try_first_pass || cfg->use_first_pass)
{
retval = pam_get_item (pamh, PAM_AUTHTOK, (const void **) &password);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("get password returned error: %s",
pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
goto done;
}
DBG (("get password returned: %s", password));
}
if (cfg->use_first_pass && password == NULL)
{
DBG (("use_first_pass set and no password, giving up"));
retval = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
goto done;
}
if(ykclient_global_init() != YKCLIENT_OK)
{
DBG (("Failed initializing ykclient library"));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
rc = ykclient_init (&ykc);
if (rc != YKCLIENT_OK)
{
DBG (("ykclient_init() failed (%d): %s", rc, ykclient_strerror (rc)));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
rc = ykclient_set_client_b64 (ykc, cfg->client_id, cfg->client_key);
if (rc != YKCLIENT_OK)
{
DBG (("ykclient_set_client_b64() failed (%d): %s",
rc, ykclient_strerror (rc)));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
if (cfg->client_key)
ykclient_set_verify_signature (ykc, 1);
if (cfg->capath)
ykclient_set_ca_path (ykc, cfg->capath);
if (cfg->cainfo)
ykclient_set_ca_info (ykc, cfg->cainfo);
if (cfg->proxy)
ykclient_set_proxy (ykc, cfg->proxy);
if (cfg->url)
{
rc = ykclient_set_url_template (ykc, cfg->url);
if (rc != YKCLIENT_OK)
{
DBG (("ykclient_set_url_template() failed (%d): %s",
rc, ykclient_strerror (rc)));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
}
if (cfg->urllist)
{
char *saveptr = NULL;
char *part = NULL;
tmpurl = strdup(cfg->urllist);
while ((part = strtok_r(templates == 0 ? tmpurl : NULL, ";", &saveptr)))
{
if(templates == 10)
{
DBG (("maximum 10 urls supported in list."));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
urls[templates] = strdup(part);
templates++;
}
rc = ykclient_set_url_bases (ykc, templates, (const char **)urls);
if (rc != YKCLIENT_OK)
{
DBG (("ykclient_set_url_bases() failed (%d): %s",
rc, ykclient_strerror (rc)));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
}
if (password == NULL)
{
retval = pam_get_item (pamh, PAM_CONV, (const void **) &conv);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("get conv returned error: %s", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
goto done;
}
pmsg[0] = &msg[0];
{
#define QUERY_TEMPLATE "YubiKey for `%s': "
size_t len = strlen (QUERY_TEMPLATE) + strlen (user);
int wrote;
msg[0].msg = malloc (len);
if (!msg[0].msg)
{
retval = PAM_BUF_ERR;
goto done;
}
wrote = snprintf ((char *) msg[0].msg, len, QUERY_TEMPLATE, user);
if (wrote < 0 || wrote >= len)
{
retval = PAM_BUF_ERR;
goto done;
}
}
msg[0].msg_style = cfg->verbose_otp ? PAM_PROMPT_ECHO_ON : PAM_PROMPT_ECHO_OFF;
retval = conv->conv (nargs, pmsg, &resp, conv->appdata_ptr);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("conv returned error: %s", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
goto done;
}
if (resp->resp == NULL)
{
DBG (("conv returned NULL passwd?"));
retval = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
goto done;
}
DBG (("conv returned %zu bytes", strlen(resp->resp)));
password = resp->resp;
}
password_len = strlen (password);
if (password_len < (cfg->token_id_length + TOKEN_OTP_LEN))
{
DBG (("OTP too short to be considered : %zu < %u", password_len, (cfg->token_id_length + TOKEN_OTP_LEN)));
retval = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
goto done;
}
/* In case the input was systempassword+YubiKeyOTP, we want to skip over
"systempassword" when copying the token_id and OTP to separate buffers */
skip_bytes = password_len - (cfg->token_id_length + TOKEN_OTP_LEN);
DBG (("Skipping first %i bytes. Length is %zu, token_id set to %u and token OTP always %u.",
skip_bytes, password_len, cfg->token_id_length, TOKEN_OTP_LEN));
/* Copy full YubiKey output (public ID + OTP) into otp */
strncpy (otp, password + skip_bytes, sizeof (otp) - 1);
/* Copy only public ID into otp_id. Destination buffer is zeroed. */
strncpy (otp_id, password + skip_bytes, cfg->token_id_length);
DBG (("OTP: %s ID: %s ", otp, otp_id));
/* user entered their system password followed by generated OTP? */
if (password_len > TOKEN_OTP_LEN + cfg->token_id_length)
{
onlypasswd = strdup (password);
if (! onlypasswd) {
retval = PAM_BUF_ERR;
goto done;
}
onlypasswd[password_len - (TOKEN_OTP_LEN + cfg->token_id_length)] = '\0';
DBG (("Extracted a probable system password entered before the OTP - "
"setting item PAM_AUTHTOK"));
retval = pam_set_item (pamh, PAM_AUTHTOK, onlypasswd);
if (retval != PAM_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("set_item returned error: %s", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
goto done;
}
}
else
password = NULL;
rc = ykclient_request (ykc, otp);
DBG (("ykclient return value (%d): %s", rc,
ykclient_strerror (rc)));
DBG (("ykclient url used: %s", ykclient_get_last_url(ykc)));
switch (rc)
{
case YKCLIENT_OK:
break;
case YKCLIENT_BAD_OTP:
case YKCLIENT_REPLAYED_OTP:
retval = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
goto done;
default:
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
goto done;
}
/* authorize the user with supplied token id */
if (cfg->ldapserver != NULL || cfg->ldap_uri != NULL)
valid_token = authorize_user_token_ldap (cfg, user, otp_id);
else
valid_token = authorize_user_token (cfg, user, otp_id, pamh);
switch(valid_token)
{
case 1:
retval = PAM_SUCCESS;
break;
case 0:
DBG (("Internal error while validating user"));
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
break;
case -1:
DBG (("Unauthorized token for this user"));
retval = PAM_AUTH_ERR;
break;
case -2:
DBG (("Unknown user"));
retval = PAM_USER_UNKNOWN;
break;
default:
DBG (("Unhandled value for token-user validation"))
retval = PAM_AUTHINFO_UNAVAIL;
}
done:
if (onlypasswd)
free(onlypasswd);
if (templates > 0)
{
size_t i;
for(i = 0; i < templates; i++)
{
free(urls[i]);
}
}
if (tmpurl)
free(tmpurl);
if (ykc)
{
ykclient_done (&ykc);
ykclient_global_done();
}
if (cfg->alwaysok && retval != PAM_SUCCESS)
{
DBG (("alwaysok needed (otherwise return with %d)", retval));
retval = PAM_SUCCESS;
}
DBG (("done. [%s]", pam_strerror (pamh, retval)));
pam_set_data (pamh, "yubico_setcred_return", (void*)(intptr_t)retval, NULL);
if (resp)
{
if (resp->resp)
free (resp->resp);
free (resp);
}
if(msg[0].msg)
{
free((char*)msg[0].msg);
}
return retval;
}
PAM_EXTERN int
pam_sm_setcred (
pam_handle_t *pamh __attribute__((unused)), int flags __attribute__((unused)),
int argc __attribute__((unused)), const char *argv[] __attribute__((unused)))
{
return PAM_SUCCESS;
}
PAM_EXTERN int
pam_sm_acct_mgmt(pam_handle_t *pamh, int flags __attribute__((unused)),
int argc __attribute__((unused)), const char **argv __attribute__((unused)))
{
int retval;
int rc = pam_get_data(pamh, "yubico_setcred_return", (const void**)&retval);
if (rc == PAM_SUCCESS && retval == PAM_SUCCESS) {
D (("pam_sm_acct_mgmt returing PAM_SUCCESS"));
return PAM_SUCCESS;
}
D (("pam_sm_acct_mgmt returing PAM_AUTH_ERR:%d", rc));
return PAM_AUTH_ERR;
}
PAM_EXTERN int
pam_sm_open_session(
pam_handle_t *pamh __attribute__((unused)), int flags __attribute__((unused)),
int argc __attribute__((unused)), const char *argv[] __attribute__((unused)))
{
D(("pam_sm_open_session"));
return (PAM_SUCCESS);
}
PAM_EXTERN int
pam_sm_close_session(
pam_handle_t *pamh __attribute__((unused)), int flags __attribute__((unused)),
int argc __attribute__((unused)), const char *argv[] __attribute__((unused)))
{
D(("pam_sm_close_session"));
return (PAM_SUCCESS);
}
PAM_EXTERN int
pam_sm_chauthtok(
pam_handle_t *pamh __attribute__((unused)), int flags __attribute__((unused)),
int argc __attribute__((unused)), const char *argv[] __attribute__((unused)))
{
D(("pam_sm_chauthtok"));
return (PAM_SERVICE_ERR);
}
#ifdef PAM_STATIC
struct pam_module _pam_yubico_modstruct = {
"pam_yubico",
pam_sm_authenticate,
pam_sm_setcred,
pam_sm_acct_mgmt,
pam_sm_open_session,
pam_sm_close_session,
pam_sm_chauthtok
};
#endif
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