R on Spark
SparkR is an R package that provides a light-weight frontend to use Spark from R.
NOTE: As of April 2015, SparkR has been merged into Apache Spark and is shipping in an upcoming release (1.4) due early summer 2015. This repo currently targets users using released versions of Spark. This repo no longer accepts new pull requests, and they should now be submitted to apache/spark; see here for some instructions.
NOTE: The API from the upcoming Spark release (1.4) will not have the same API as described by this github repo. Initial support for Spark in R be focussed on high level operations instead of low level ETL. This may change in the (1.5) version. You can contribute and follow SparkR developments on the Apache Spark mailing lists and issue tracker.
- Scala 2.10, and
- Spark version >= 0.9.0 and <= 1.2.
Current build by default uses Apache Spark 1.1.0. You can also build SparkR against a
different Spark version (>= 0.9.0) by modifying
To develop SparkR, you can build the scala package and the R package using
library(devtools) install_github("amplab-extras/SparkR-pkg", subdir="pkg")
SparkR by default uses Apache Spark 1.1.0. You can switch to a different Spark
version by setting the environment variable
SPARK_VERSION. For example, to
use Apache Spark 1.3.0, you can run
SparkR by default links to Hadoop 1.0.4. To use SparkR with other Hadoop versions, you will need to rebuild SparkR with the same version that Spark is linked to. For example to use SparkR with a CDH 4.2.0 MR1 cluster, you can run
If you are building SparkR from behind a proxy, you can setup maven to use the right proxy server.
Building from source from GitHub
Run the following within R to pull source code from GitHub and build locally. It is possible to specify build dependencies by starting R with environment values:
- Start R
SPARK_VERSION=1.2.0 SPARK_HADOOP_VERSION=2.5.0 R
- Run install_github
library(devtools) install_github("repo/SparkR-pkg", ref="branchname", subdir="pkg")
note: replace repo and branchname
If you have cloned and built SparkR, you can start using it by launching the SparkR shell with
sparkR script automatically creates a SparkContext with Spark by default in
local mode. To specify the Spark master of a cluster for the automatically created
SparkContext, you can run
MASTER=<Spark master URL> ./sparkR
If you have installed it directly from github, you can include the SparkR package and then initialize a SparkContext. For example to run with a local Spark master you can launch R and then run
library(SparkR) sc <- sparkR.init(master="local")
To increase the memory used by the driver you can export the SPARK_MEM environment variable. For example to use 1g, you can run
In a cluster setting to set the amount of memory used by the executors you can
pass the variable
spark.executor.memory to the SparkContext constructor.
library(SparkR) sc <- sparkR.init(master="spark://<master>:7077", sparkEnvir=list(spark.executor.memory="1g"))
Finally, to stop the cluster run
sparkR.stop() can be invoked to terminate a SparkContext created previously via sparkR.init(). Then you can call sparkR.init() again to create a new SparkContext that may have different configurations.
Examples, Unit tests
SparkR comes with several sample programs in the
To run one of them, use
./sparkR <filename> <args>. For example:
./sparkR examples/pi.R local
You can also run the unit-tests for SparkR by running (you need to install the testthat package first):
R -e 'install.packages("testthat", repos="http://cran.us.r-project.org")' ./run-tests.sh
Running on EC2
Instructions for running SparkR on EC2 can be found in the SparkR wiki.
Running on YARN
Currently, SparkR supports running on YARN with the
yarn-client mode. These steps show how to build SparkR with YARN support and run SparkR programs on a YARN cluster:
# assumes Java, R, yarn, spark etc. are installed on the whole cluster. cd SparkR-pkg/ USE_YARN=1 SPARK_YARN_VERSION=2.4.0 SPARK_HADOOP_VERSION=2.4.0 ./install-dev.sh
Alternatively, install_github can be use (on CDH in this case):
# assume devtools package is installed by install.packages("devtools") USE_YARN=1 SPARK_VERSION=1.1.0 SPARK_YARN_VERSION=2.5.0-cdh5.3.0 SPARK_HADOOP_VERSION=2.5.0-cdh5.3.0 R
Then within R,
library(devtools) install_github("amplab-extras/SparkR-pkg", ref="master", subdir="pkg")
Before launching an application, make sure each worker node has a local copy of
lib/SparkR/sparkr-assembly-0.1.jar. With a cluster launched with the
spark-ec2 script, do:
Or run the above installation steps on all worker node.
Finally, when launching an application, the environment variable
YARN_CONF_DIR needs to be set to the directory which contains the client-side configuration files for the Hadoop cluster (with a cluster launched with
spark-ec2, this defaults to
YARN_CONF_DIR=/root/ephemeral-hdfs/conf/ MASTER=yarn-client ./sparkR YARN_CONF_DIR=/root/ephemeral-hdfs/conf/ ./sparkR examples/pi.R yarn-client
Running on a cluster using sparkR-submit
sparkR-submit is a script introduced to facilitate submission of SparkR jobs to a Spark supported cluster (e.g. Standalone, Mesos, YARN). It supports the same commandline parameters as spark-submit. SPARK_HOME and JAVA_HOME must be defined.
On YARN, YARN_CONF_DIR must be defined. sparkR-submit supports YARN deploy modes: yarn-client and yarn-cluster.
sparkR-submit is installed with the SparkR package. By default, it can be found under the default Library ('library' subdirectory of R_HOME)
For example, to run on YARN (CDH 5.3.0),
export SPARK_HOME=/opt/cloudera/parcels/CDH-5.3.0-1.cdh5.3.0.p0.30/lib/spark export YARN_CONF_DIR=/etc/hadoop/conf export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_67-cloudera /usr/lib64/R/library/SparkR/sparkR-submit --master yarn-client examples/pi.R yarn-client 4
For better tracking and collaboration, issues and TODO items are reported to the Apache Spark JIRA under the component tag "SparkR".
In your pull request, please cross reference the ticket item created and append "[SPARKR]" (e.g.: "[SPARK-1234] [SPARKR] Pull request").