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/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- begin libvex_ir.h ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
framework.
Copyright (C) 2004-2015 OpenWorks LLP
info@open-works.net
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1301, USA.
The GNU General Public License is contained in the file COPYING.
Neither the names of the U.S. Department of Energy nor the
University of California nor the names of its contributors may be
used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without prior written permission.
*/
#ifndef __LIBVEX_IR_H
#define __LIBVEX_IR_H
#include "libvex_basictypes.h"
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- High-level IR description ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Vex IR is an architecture-neutral intermediate representation.
Unlike some IRs in systems similar to Vex, it is not like assembly
language (ie. a list of instructions). Rather, it is more like the
IR that might be used in a compiler.
Code blocks
~~~~~~~~~~~
The code is broken into small code blocks ("superblocks", type:
'IRSB'). Each code block typically represents from 1 to perhaps 50
instructions. IRSBs are single-entry, multiple-exit code blocks.
Each IRSB contains three things:
- a type environment, which indicates the type of each temporary
value present in the IRSB
- a list of statements, which represent code
- a jump that exits from the end the IRSB
Because the blocks are multiple-exit, there can be additional
conditional exit statements that cause control to leave the IRSB
before the final exit. Also because of this, IRSBs can cover
multiple non-consecutive sequences of code (up to 3). These are
recorded in the type VexGuestExtents (see libvex.h).
Statements and expressions
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Statements (type 'IRStmt') represent operations with side-effects,
eg. guest register writes, stores, and assignments to temporaries.
Expressions (type 'IRExpr') represent operations without
side-effects, eg. arithmetic operations, loads, constants.
Expressions can contain sub-expressions, forming expression trees,
eg. (3 + (4 * load(addr1)).
Storage of guest state
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The "guest state" contains the guest registers of the guest machine
(ie. the machine that we are simulating). It is stored by default
in a block of memory supplied by the user of the VEX library,
generally referred to as the guest state (area). To operate on
these registers, one must first read ("Get") them from the guest
state into a temporary value. Afterwards, one can write ("Put")
them back into the guest state.
Get and Put are characterised by a byte offset into the guest
state, a small integer which effectively gives the identity of the
referenced guest register, and a type, which indicates the size of
the value to be transferred.
The basic "Get" and "Put" operations are sufficient to model normal
fixed registers on the guest. Selected areas of the guest state
can be treated as a circular array of registers (type:
'IRRegArray'), which can be indexed at run-time. This is done with
the "GetI" and "PutI" primitives. This is necessary to describe
rotating register files, for example the x87 FPU stack, SPARC
register windows, and the Itanium register files.
Examples, and flattened vs. unflattened code
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
For example, consider this x86 instruction:
addl %eax, %ebx
One Vex IR translation for this code would be this:
------ IMark(0x24F275, 7, 0) ------
t3 = GET:I32(0) # get %eax, a 32-bit integer
t2 = GET:I32(12) # get %ebx, a 32-bit integer
t1 = Add32(t3,t2) # addl
PUT(0) = t1 # put %eax
(For simplicity, this ignores the effects on the condition codes, and
the update of the instruction pointer.)
The "IMark" is an IR statement that doesn't represent actual code.
Instead it indicates the address and length of the original
instruction. The numbers 0 and 12 are offsets into the guest state
for %eax and %ebx. The full list of offsets for an architecture
<ARCH> can be found in the type VexGuest<ARCH>State in the file
VEX/pub/libvex_guest_<ARCH>.h.
The five statements in this example are:
- the IMark
- three assignments to temporaries
- one register write (put)
The six expressions in this example are:
- two register reads (gets)
- one arithmetic (add) operation
- three temporaries (two nested within the Add32, one in the PUT)
The above IR is "flattened", ie. all sub-expressions are "atoms",
either constants or temporaries. An equivalent, unflattened version
would be:
PUT(0) = Add32(GET:I32(0), GET:I32(12))
IR is guaranteed to be flattened at instrumentation-time. This makes
instrumentation easier. Equivalent flattened and unflattened IR
typically results in the same generated code.
Another example, this one showing loads and stores:
addl %edx,4(%eax)
This becomes (again ignoring condition code and instruction pointer
updates):
------ IMark(0x4000ABA, 3, 0) ------
t3 = Add32(GET:I32(0),0x4:I32)
t2 = LDle:I32(t3)
t1 = GET:I32(8)
t0 = Add32(t2,t1)
STle(t3) = t0
The "le" in "LDle" and "STle" is short for "little-endian".
No need for deallocations
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Although there are allocation functions for various data structures
in this file, there are no deallocation functions. This is because
Vex uses a memory allocation scheme that automatically reclaims the
memory used by allocated structures once translation is completed.
This makes things easier for tools that instruments/transforms code
blocks.
SSAness and typing
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The IR is fully typed. For every IRSB (IR block) it is possible to
say unambiguously whether or not it is correctly typed.
Incorrectly typed IR has no meaning and the VEX will refuse to
process it. At various points during processing VEX typechecks the
IR and aborts if any violations are found. This seems overkill but
makes it a great deal easier to build a reliable JIT.
IR also has the SSA property. SSA stands for Static Single
Assignment, and what it means is that each IR temporary may be
assigned to only once. This idea became widely used in compiler
construction in the mid to late 90s. It makes many IR-level
transformations/code improvements easier, simpler and faster.
Whenever it typechecks an IR block, VEX also checks the SSA
property holds, and will abort if not so. So SSAness is
mechanically and rigidly enforced.
*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Type definitions for the IR ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* General comments about naming schemes:
All publically visible functions contain the name of the primary
type on which they operate (IRFoo, IRBar, etc). Hence you should
be able to identify these functions by grepping for "IR[A-Z]".
For some type 'IRFoo':
- ppIRFoo is the printing method for IRFoo, printing it to the
output channel specified in the LibVEX_Initialise call.
- eqIRFoo is a structural equality predicate for IRFoos.
- deepCopyIRFoo is a deep copy constructor for IRFoos.
It recursively traverses the entire argument tree and
produces a complete new tree. All types have a deep copy
constructor.
- shallowCopyIRFoo is the shallow copy constructor for IRFoos.
It creates a new top-level copy of the supplied object,
but does not copy any sub-objects. Only some types have a
shallow copy constructor.
*/
/* ------------------ Types ------------------ */
/* A type indicates the size of a value, and whether it's an integer, a
float, or a vector (SIMD) value. */
typedef
enum {
Ity_INVALID=0x1100,
Ity_I1,
Ity_I8,
Ity_I16,
Ity_I32,
Ity_I64,
Ity_I128, /* 128-bit scalar */
Ity_F16, /* 16 bit float */
Ity_F32, /* IEEE 754 float */
Ity_F64, /* IEEE 754 double */
Ity_D32, /* 32-bit Decimal floating point */
Ity_D64, /* 64-bit Decimal floating point */
Ity_D128, /* 128-bit Decimal floating point */
Ity_F128, /* 128-bit floating point; implementation defined */
Ity_V128, /* 128-bit SIMD */
Ity_V256 /* 256-bit SIMD */
}
IRType;
/* Pretty-print an IRType */
extern void ppIRType ( IRType );
/* Get the size (in bytes) of an IRType */
extern Int sizeofIRType ( IRType );
/* Translate 1/2/4/8 into Ity_I{8,16,32,64} respectively. Asserts on
any other input. */
extern IRType integerIRTypeOfSize ( Int szB );
/* ------------------ Endianness ------------------ */
/* IREndness is used in load IRExprs and store IRStmts. */
typedef
enum {
Iend_LE=0x1200, /* little endian */
Iend_BE /* big endian */
}
IREndness;
/* ------------------ Constants ------------------ */
/* IRConsts are used within 'Const' and 'Exit' IRExprs. */
/* The various kinds of constant. */
typedef
enum {
Ico_U1=0x1300,
Ico_U8,
Ico_U16,
Ico_U32,
Ico_U64,
Ico_F32, /* 32-bit IEEE754 floating */
Ico_F32i, /* 32-bit unsigned int to be interpreted literally
as a IEEE754 single value. */
Ico_F64, /* 64-bit IEEE754 floating */
Ico_F64i, /* 64-bit unsigned int to be interpreted literally
as a IEEE754 double value. */
Ico_V128, /* 128-bit restricted vector constant, with 1 bit
(repeated 8 times) for each of the 16 x 1-byte lanes */
Ico_V256 /* 256-bit restricted vector constant, with 1 bit
(repeated 8 times) for each of the 32 x 1-byte lanes */
}
IRConstTag;
/* A constant. Stored as a tagged union. 'tag' indicates what kind of
constant this is. 'Ico' is the union that holds the fields. If an
IRConst 'c' has c.tag equal to Ico_U32, then it's a 32-bit constant,
and its value can be accessed with 'c.Ico.U32'. */
typedef
struct _IRConst {
IRConstTag tag;
union {
Bool U1;
UChar U8;
UShort U16;
UInt U32;
ULong U64;
Float F32;
UInt F32i;
Double F64;
ULong F64i;
UShort V128; /* 16-bit value; see Ico_V128 comment above */
UInt V256; /* 32-bit value; see Ico_V256 comment above */
} Ico;
}
IRConst;
/* IRConst constructors */
extern IRConst* IRConst_U1 ( Bool );
extern IRConst* IRConst_U8 ( UChar );
extern IRConst* IRConst_U16 ( UShort );
extern IRConst* IRConst_U32 ( UInt );
extern IRConst* IRConst_U64 ( ULong );
extern IRConst* IRConst_F32 ( Float );
extern IRConst* IRConst_F32i ( UInt );
extern IRConst* IRConst_F64 ( Double );
extern IRConst* IRConst_F64i ( ULong );
extern IRConst* IRConst_V128 ( UShort );
extern IRConst* IRConst_V256 ( UInt );
/* Deep-copy an IRConst */
extern IRConst* deepCopyIRConst ( const IRConst* );
/* Pretty-print an IRConst */
extern void ppIRConst ( const IRConst* );
/* Compare two IRConsts for equality */
extern Bool eqIRConst ( const IRConst*, const IRConst* );
/* ------------------ Call targets ------------------ */
/* Describes a helper function to call. The name part is purely for
pretty printing and not actually used. regparms=n tells the back
end that the callee has been declared
"__attribute__((regparm(n)))", although indirectly using the
VEX_REGPARM(n) macro. On some targets (x86) the back end will need
to construct a non-standard sequence to call a function declared
like this.
mcx_mask is a sop to Memcheck. It indicates which args should be
considered 'always defined' when lazily computing definedness of
the result. Bit 0 of mcx_mask corresponds to args[0], bit 1 to
args[1], etc. If a bit is set, the corresponding arg is excluded
(hence "x" in "mcx") from definedness checking.
*/
typedef
struct {
Int regparms;
const HChar* name;
void* addr;
UInt mcx_mask;
}
IRCallee;
/* Create an IRCallee. */
extern IRCallee* mkIRCallee ( Int regparms, const HChar* name, void* addr );
/* Deep-copy an IRCallee. */
extern IRCallee* deepCopyIRCallee ( const IRCallee* );
/* Pretty-print an IRCallee. */
extern void ppIRCallee ( const IRCallee* );
/* ------------------ Guest state arrays ------------------ */
/* This describes a section of the guest state that we want to
be able to index at run time, so as to be able to describe
indexed or rotating register files on the guest. */
typedef
struct {
Int base; /* guest state offset of start of indexed area */
IRType elemTy; /* type of each element in the indexed area */
Int nElems; /* number of elements in the indexed area */
}
IRRegArray;
extern IRRegArray* mkIRRegArray ( Int, IRType, Int );
extern IRRegArray* deepCopyIRRegArray ( const IRRegArray* );
extern void ppIRRegArray ( const IRRegArray* );
extern Bool eqIRRegArray ( const IRRegArray*, const IRRegArray* );
/* ------------------ Temporaries ------------------ */
/* This represents a temporary, eg. t1. The IR optimiser relies on the
fact that IRTemps are 32-bit ints. Do not change them to be ints of
any other size. */
typedef UInt IRTemp;
/* Pretty-print an IRTemp. */
extern void ppIRTemp ( IRTemp );
#define IRTemp_INVALID ((IRTemp)0xFFFFFFFF)
/* --------------- Primops (arity 1,2,3 and 4) --------------- */
/* Primitive operations that are used in Unop, Binop, Triop and Qop
IRExprs. Once we take into account integer, floating point and SIMD
operations of all the different sizes, there are quite a lot of them.
Most instructions supported by the architectures that Vex supports
(x86, PPC, etc) are represented. Some more obscure ones (eg. cpuid)
are not; they are instead handled with dirty helpers that emulate
their functionality. Such obscure ones are thus not directly visible
in the IR, but their effects on guest state (memory and registers)
are made visible via the annotations in IRDirty structures.
*/
typedef
enum {
/* -- Do not change this ordering. The IR generators rely on
(eg) Iop_Add64 == IopAdd8 + 3. -- */
Iop_INVALID=0x1400,
Iop_Add8, Iop_Add16, Iop_Add32, Iop_Add64,
Iop_Sub8, Iop_Sub16, Iop_Sub32, Iop_Sub64,
/* Signless mul. MullS/MullU is elsewhere. */
Iop_Mul8, Iop_Mul16, Iop_Mul32, Iop_Mul64,
Iop_Or8, Iop_Or16, Iop_Or32, Iop_Or64,
Iop_And8, Iop_And16, Iop_And32, Iop_And64,
Iop_Xor8, Iop_Xor16, Iop_Xor32, Iop_Xor64,
Iop_Shl8, Iop_Shl16, Iop_Shl32, Iop_Shl64,
Iop_Shr8, Iop_Shr16, Iop_Shr32, Iop_Shr64,
Iop_Sar8, Iop_Sar16, Iop_Sar32, Iop_Sar64,
/* Integer comparisons. */
Iop_CmpEQ8, Iop_CmpEQ16, Iop_CmpEQ32, Iop_CmpEQ64,
Iop_CmpNE8, Iop_CmpNE16, Iop_CmpNE32, Iop_CmpNE64,
/* Tags for unary ops */
Iop_Not8, Iop_Not16, Iop_Not32, Iop_Not64,
/* Exactly like CmpEQ8/16/32/64, but carrying the additional
hint that these compute the success/failure of a CAS
operation, and hence are almost certainly applied to two
copies of the same value, which in turn has implications for
Memcheck's instrumentation. */
Iop_CasCmpEQ8, Iop_CasCmpEQ16, Iop_CasCmpEQ32, Iop_CasCmpEQ64,
Iop_CasCmpNE8, Iop_CasCmpNE16, Iop_CasCmpNE32, Iop_CasCmpNE64,
/* Exactly like CmpNE8/16/32/64, but carrying the additional
hint that these needs expensive definedness tracking. */
Iop_ExpCmpNE8, Iop_ExpCmpNE16, Iop_ExpCmpNE32, Iop_ExpCmpNE64,
/* -- Ordering not important after here. -- */
/* Widening multiplies */
Iop_MullS8, Iop_MullS16, Iop_MullS32, Iop_MullS64,
Iop_MullU8, Iop_MullU16, Iop_MullU32, Iop_MullU64,
/* Wierdo integer stuff */
Iop_Clz64, Iop_Clz32, /* count leading zeroes */
Iop_Ctz64, Iop_Ctz32, /* count trailing zeros */
/* Ctz64/Ctz32/Clz64/Clz32 are UNDEFINED when given arguments of
zero. You must ensure they are never given a zero argument.
*/
/* Standard integer comparisons */
Iop_CmpLT32S, Iop_CmpLT64S,
Iop_CmpLE32S, Iop_CmpLE64S,
Iop_CmpLT32U, Iop_CmpLT64U,
Iop_CmpLE32U, Iop_CmpLE64U,
/* As a sop to Valgrind-Memcheck, the following are useful. */
Iop_CmpNEZ8, Iop_CmpNEZ16, Iop_CmpNEZ32, Iop_CmpNEZ64,
Iop_CmpwNEZ32, Iop_CmpwNEZ64, /* all-0s -> all-Os; other -> all-1s */
Iop_Left8, Iop_Left16, Iop_Left32, Iop_Left64, /* \x -> x | -x */
Iop_Max32U, /* unsigned max */
/* PowerPC-style 3-way integer comparisons. Without them it is
difficult to simulate PPC efficiently.
op(x,y) | x < y = 0x8 else
| x > y = 0x4 else
| x == y = 0x2
*/
Iop_CmpORD32U, Iop_CmpORD64U,
Iop_CmpORD32S, Iop_CmpORD64S,
/* Division */
/* TODO: clarify semantics wrt rounding, negative values, whatever */
Iop_DivU32, // :: I32,I32 -> I32 (simple div, no mod)
Iop_DivS32, // ditto, signed
Iop_DivU64, // :: I64,I64 -> I64 (simple div, no mod)
Iop_DivS64, // ditto, signed
Iop_DivU64E, // :: I64,I64 -> I64 (dividend is 64-bit arg (hi)
// concat with 64 0's (low))
Iop_DivS64E, // ditto, signed
Iop_DivU32E, // :: I32,I32 -> I32 (dividend is 32-bit arg (hi)
// concat with 32 0's (low))
Iop_DivS32E, // ditto, signed
Iop_DivModU64to32, // :: I64,I32 -> I64
// of which lo half is div and hi half is mod
Iop_DivModS64to32, // ditto, signed
Iop_DivModU128to64, // :: V128,I64 -> V128
// of which lo half is div and hi half is mod
Iop_DivModS128to64, // ditto, signed
Iop_DivModS64to64, // :: I64,I64 -> I128
// of which lo half is div and hi half is mod
/* Integer conversions. Some of these are redundant (eg
Iop_64to8 is the same as Iop_64to32 and then Iop_32to8), but
having a complete set reduces the typical dynamic size of IR
and makes the instruction selectors easier to write. */
/* Widening conversions */
Iop_8Uto16, Iop_8Uto32, Iop_8Uto64,
Iop_16Uto32, Iop_16Uto64,
Iop_32Uto64,
Iop_8Sto16, Iop_8Sto32, Iop_8Sto64,
Iop_16Sto32, Iop_16Sto64,
Iop_32Sto64,
/* Narrowing conversions */
Iop_64to8, Iop_32to8, Iop_64to16,
/* 8 <-> 16 bit conversions */
Iop_16to8, // :: I16 -> I8, low half
Iop_16HIto8, // :: I16 -> I8, high half
Iop_8HLto16, // :: (I8,I8) -> I16
/* 16 <-> 32 bit conversions */
Iop_32to16, // :: I32 -> I16, low half
Iop_32HIto16, // :: I32 -> I16, high half
Iop_16HLto32, // :: (I16,I16) -> I32
/* 32 <-> 64 bit conversions */
Iop_64to32, // :: I64 -> I32, low half
Iop_64HIto32, // :: I64 -> I32, high half
Iop_32HLto64, // :: (I32,I32) -> I64
/* 64 <-> 128 bit conversions */
Iop_128to64, // :: I128 -> I64, low half
Iop_128HIto64, // :: I128 -> I64, high half
Iop_64HLto128, // :: (I64,I64) -> I128
/* 1-bit stuff */
Iop_Not1, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_Bit */
Iop_32to1, /* :: Ity_I32 -> Ity_Bit, just select bit[0] */
Iop_64to1, /* :: Ity_I64 -> Ity_Bit, just select bit[0] */
Iop_1Uto8, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I8, unsigned widen */
Iop_1Uto32, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I32, unsigned widen */
Iop_1Uto64, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I64, unsigned widen */
Iop_1Sto8, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I8, signed widen */
Iop_1Sto16, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I16, signed widen */
Iop_1Sto32, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I32, signed widen */
Iop_1Sto64, /* :: Ity_Bit -> Ity_I64, signed widen */
/* ------ Floating point. We try to be IEEE754 compliant. ------ */
/* --- Simple stuff as mandated by 754. --- */
/* Binary operations, with rounding. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_AddF64, Iop_SubF64, Iop_MulF64, Iop_DivF64,
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 x F32 -> F32 */
Iop_AddF32, Iop_SubF32, Iop_MulF32, Iop_DivF32,
/* Variants of the above which produce a 64-bit result but which
round their result to a IEEE float range first. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_AddF64r32, Iop_SubF64r32, Iop_MulF64r32, Iop_DivF64r32,
/* Unary operations, without rounding. */
/* :: F64 -> F64 */
Iop_NegF64, Iop_AbsF64,
/* :: F32 -> F32 */
Iop_NegF32, Iop_AbsF32,
/* Unary operations, with rounding. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_SqrtF64,
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> F32 */
Iop_SqrtF32,
/* Comparison, yielding GT/LT/EQ/UN(ordered), as per the following:
0x45 Unordered
0x01 LT
0x00 GT
0x40 EQ
This just happens to be the Intel encoding. The values
are recorded in the type IRCmpF64Result.
*/
/* :: F64 x F64 -> IRCmpF64Result(I32) */
Iop_CmpF64,
Iop_CmpF32,
Iop_CmpF128,
/* --- Int to/from FP conversions. --- */
/* For the most part, these take a first argument :: Ity_I32 (as
IRRoundingMode) which is an indication of the rounding mode
to use, as per the following encoding ("the standard
encoding"):
00b to nearest (the default)
01b to -infinity
10b to +infinity
11b to zero
This just happens to be the Intel encoding. For reference only,
the PPC encoding is:
00b to nearest (the default)
01b to zero
10b to +infinity
11b to -infinity
Any PPC -> IR front end will have to translate these PPC
encodings, as encoded in the guest state, to the standard
encodings, to pass to the primops.
For reference only, the ARM VFP encoding is:
00b to nearest
01b to +infinity
10b to -infinity
11b to zero
Again, this will have to be converted to the standard encoding
to pass to primops.
If one of these conversions gets an out-of-range condition,
or a NaN, as an argument, the result is host-defined. On x86
the "integer indefinite" value 0x80..00 is produced. On PPC
it is either 0x80..00 or 0x7F..FF depending on the sign of
the argument.
On ARMvfp, when converting to a signed integer result, the
overflow result is 0x80..00 for negative args and 0x7F..FF
for positive args. For unsigned integer results it is
0x00..00 and 0xFF..FF respectively.
Rounding is required whenever the destination type cannot
represent exactly all values of the source type.
*/
Iop_F64toI16S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> signed I16 */
Iop_F64toI32S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> signed I32 */
Iop_F64toI64S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> signed I64 */
Iop_F64toI64U, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> unsigned I64 */
Iop_F64toI32U, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> unsigned I32 */
Iop_I32StoF64, /* signed I32 -> F64 */
Iop_I64StoF64, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x signed I64 -> F64 */
Iop_I64UtoF64, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x unsigned I64 -> F64 */
Iop_I64UtoF32, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x unsigned I64 -> F32 */
Iop_I32UtoF32, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x unsigned I32 -> F32 */
Iop_I32UtoF64, /* unsigned I32 -> F64 */
Iop_F32toI32S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> signed I32 */
Iop_F32toI64S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> signed I64 */
Iop_F32toI32U, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> unsigned I32 */
Iop_F32toI64U, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> unsigned I64 */
Iop_I32StoF32, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x signed I32 -> F32 */
Iop_I64StoF32, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x signed I64 -> F32 */
/* Conversion between floating point formats */
Iop_F32toF64, /* F32 -> F64 */
Iop_F64toF32, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> F32 */
/* Reinterpretation. Take an F64 and produce an I64 with
the same bit pattern, or vice versa. */
Iop_ReinterpF64asI64, Iop_ReinterpI64asF64,
Iop_ReinterpF32asI32, Iop_ReinterpI32asF32,
/* Support for 128-bit floating point */
Iop_F64HLtoF128,/* (high half of F128,low half of F128) -> F128 */
Iop_F128HItoF64,/* F128 -> high half of F128 into a F64 register */
Iop_F128LOtoF64,/* F128 -> low half of F128 into a F64 register */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 x F128 -> F128 */
Iop_AddF128, Iop_SubF128, Iop_MulF128, Iop_DivF128,
Iop_MAddF128, // (A * B) + C
Iop_MSubF128, // (A * B) - C
Iop_NegMAddF128, // -((A * B) + C)
Iop_NegMSubF128, // -((A * B) - C)
/* :: F128 -> F128 */
Iop_NegF128, Iop_AbsF128,
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> F128 */
Iop_SqrtF128,
Iop_I32StoF128, /* signed I32 -> F128 */
Iop_I64StoF128, /* signed I64 -> F128 */
Iop_I32UtoF128, /* unsigned I32 -> F128 */
Iop_I64UtoF128, /* unsigned I64 -> F128 */
Iop_F32toF128, /* F32 -> F128 */
Iop_F64toF128, /* F64 -> F128 */
Iop_F128toI32S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> signed I32 */
Iop_F128toI64S, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> signed I64 */
Iop_F128toI32U, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> unsigned I32 */
Iop_F128toI64U, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> unsigned I64 */
Iop_F128toI128S,/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> signed I128 */
Iop_F128toF64, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> F64 */
Iop_F128toF32, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> F32 */
Iop_RndF128, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> F128 */
/* Truncate to the specified value, source and result
* are stroed in a F128 register.
*/
Iop_TruncF128toI32S, /* truncate F128 -> I32 */
Iop_TruncF128toI32U, /* truncate F128 -> I32 */
Iop_TruncF128toI64U, /* truncate F128 -> I64 */
Iop_TruncF128toI64S, /* truncate F128 -> I64 */
/* --- guest x86/amd64 specifics, not mandated by 754. --- */
/* Binary ops, with rounding. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_AtanF64, /* FPATAN, arctan(arg1/arg2) */
Iop_Yl2xF64, /* FYL2X, arg1 * log2(arg2) */
Iop_Yl2xp1F64, /* FYL2XP1, arg1 * log2(arg2+1.0) */
Iop_PRemF64, /* FPREM, non-IEEE remainder(arg1/arg2) */
Iop_PRemC3210F64, /* C3210 flags resulting from FPREM, :: I32 */
Iop_PRem1F64, /* FPREM1, IEEE remainder(arg1/arg2) */
Iop_PRem1C3210F64, /* C3210 flags resulting from FPREM1, :: I32 */
Iop_ScaleF64, /* FSCALE, arg1 * (2^RoundTowardsZero(arg2)) */
/* Note that on x86 guest, PRem1{C3210} has the same behaviour
as the IEEE mandated RemF64, except it is limited in the
range of its operand. Hence the partialness. */
/* Unary ops, with rounding. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_SinF64, /* FSIN */
Iop_CosF64, /* FCOS */
Iop_TanF64, /* FTAN */
Iop_2xm1F64, /* (2^arg - 1.0) */
Iop_RoundF128toInt, /* F128 value to nearest integral value (still
as F128) */
Iop_RoundF64toInt, /* F64 value to nearest integral value (still
as F64) */
Iop_RoundF32toInt, /* F32 value to nearest integral value (still
as F32) */
/* --- guest s390 specifics, not mandated by 754. --- */
/* Fused multiply-add/sub */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 x F32 x F32 -> F32
(computes arg2 * arg3 +/- arg4) */
Iop_MAddF32, Iop_MSubF32,
/* --- guest ppc32/64 specifics, not mandated by 754. --- */
/* Ternary operations, with rounding. */
/* Fused multiply-add/sub, with 112-bit intermediate
precision for ppc.
Also used to implement fused multiply-add/sub for s390. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 x F64 x F64 -> F64
(computes arg2 * arg3 +/- arg4) */
Iop_MAddF64, Iop_MSubF64,
/* Variants of the above which produce a 64-bit result but which
round their result to a IEEE float range first. */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 x F64 x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_MAddF64r32, Iop_MSubF64r32,
/* :: F64 -> F64 */
Iop_RSqrtEst5GoodF64, /* reciprocal square root estimate, 5 good bits */
Iop_RoundF64toF64_NEAREST, /* frin */
Iop_RoundF64toF64_NegINF, /* frim */
Iop_RoundF64toF64_PosINF, /* frip */
Iop_RoundF64toF64_ZERO, /* friz */
/* :: F64 -> F32 */
Iop_TruncF64asF32, /* do F64->F32 truncation as per 'fsts' */
/* :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_RoundF64toF32, /* round F64 to nearest F32 value (still as F64) */
/* NB: pretty much the same as Iop_F64toF32, except no change
of type. */
/* --- guest arm64 specifics, not mandated by 754. --- */
Iop_RecpExpF64, /* FRECPX d :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> F64 */
Iop_RecpExpF32, /* FRECPX s :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> F32 */
/* --------- Possibly required by IEEE 754-2008. --------- */
Iop_MaxNumF64, /* max, F64, numerical operand if other is a qNaN */
Iop_MinNumF64, /* min, F64, ditto */
Iop_MaxNumF32, /* max, F32, ditto */
Iop_MinNumF32, /* min, F32, ditto */
/* ------------------ 16-bit scalar FP ------------------ */
Iop_F16toF64, /* F16 -> F64 */
Iop_F64toF16, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> F16 */
Iop_F16toF32, /* F16 -> F32 */
Iop_F32toF16, /* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> F16 */
/* ------------------ 32-bit SIMD Integer ------------------ */
/* 32x1 saturating add/sub (ok, well, not really SIMD :) */
Iop_QAdd32S,
Iop_QSub32S,
/* 16x2 add/sub, also signed/unsigned saturating variants */
Iop_Add16x2, Iop_Sub16x2,
Iop_QAdd16Sx2, Iop_QAdd16Ux2,
Iop_QSub16Sx2, Iop_QSub16Ux2,
/* 16x2 signed/unsigned halving add/sub. For each lane, these
compute bits 16:1 of (eg) sx(argL) + sx(argR),
or zx(argL) - zx(argR) etc. */
Iop_HAdd16Ux2, Iop_HAdd16Sx2,
Iop_HSub16Ux2, Iop_HSub16Sx2,
/* 8x4 add/sub, also signed/unsigned saturating variants */
Iop_Add8x4, Iop_Sub8x4,
Iop_QAdd8Sx4, Iop_QAdd8Ux4,
Iop_QSub8Sx4, Iop_QSub8Ux4,
/* 8x4 signed/unsigned halving add/sub. For each lane, these
compute bits 8:1 of (eg) sx(argL) + sx(argR),
or zx(argL) - zx(argR) etc. */
Iop_HAdd8Ux4, Iop_HAdd8Sx4,
Iop_HSub8Ux4, Iop_HSub8Sx4,
/* 8x4 sum of absolute unsigned differences. */
Iop_Sad8Ux4,
/* MISC (vector integer cmp != 0) */
Iop_CmpNEZ16x2, Iop_CmpNEZ8x4,
/* ------------------ 64-bit SIMD FP ------------------------ */
/* Convertion to/from int */
Iop_I32UtoFx2, Iop_I32StoFx2, /* I32x4 -> F32x4 */
Iop_FtoI32Ux2_RZ, Iop_FtoI32Sx2_RZ, /* F32x4 -> I32x4 */
/* Fixed32 format is floating-point number with fixed number of fraction
bits. The number of fraction bits is passed as a second argument of
type I8. */
Iop_F32ToFixed32Ux2_RZ, Iop_F32ToFixed32Sx2_RZ, /* fp -> fixed-point */
Iop_Fixed32UToF32x2_RN, Iop_Fixed32SToF32x2_RN, /* fixed-point -> fp */
/* Binary operations */
Iop_Max32Fx2, Iop_Min32Fx2,
/* Pairwise Min and Max. See integer pairwise operations for more
details. */
Iop_PwMax32Fx2, Iop_PwMin32Fx2,
/* Note: For the following compares, the arm front-end assumes a
nan in a lane of either argument returns zero for that lane. */
Iop_CmpEQ32Fx2, Iop_CmpGT32Fx2, Iop_CmpGE32Fx2,
/* Vector Reciprocal Estimate finds an approximate reciprocal of each
element in the operand vector, and places the results in the destination
vector. */
Iop_RecipEst32Fx2,
/* Vector Reciprocal Step computes (2.0 - arg1 * arg2).
Note, that if one of the arguments is zero and another one is infinity
of arbitrary sign the result of the operation is 2.0. */
Iop_RecipStep32Fx2,
/* Vector Reciprocal Square Root Estimate finds an approximate reciprocal
square root of each element in the operand vector. */
Iop_RSqrtEst32Fx2,
/* Vector Reciprocal Square Root Step computes (3.0 - arg1 * arg2) / 2.0.
Note, that of one of the arguments is zero and another one is infiinty
of arbitrary sign the result of the operation is 1.5. */
Iop_RSqrtStep32Fx2,
/* Unary */
Iop_Neg32Fx2, Iop_Abs32Fx2,
/* ------------------ 64-bit SIMD Integer. ------------------ */
/* MISC (vector integer cmp != 0) */
Iop_CmpNEZ8x8, Iop_CmpNEZ16x4, Iop_CmpNEZ32x2,
/* ADDITION (normal / unsigned sat / signed sat) */
Iop_Add8x8, Iop_Add16x4, Iop_Add32x2,
Iop_QAdd8Ux8, Iop_QAdd16Ux4, Iop_QAdd32Ux2, Iop_QAdd64Ux1,
Iop_QAdd8Sx8, Iop_QAdd16Sx4, Iop_QAdd32Sx2, Iop_QAdd64Sx1,
/* PAIRWISE operations */
/* Iop_PwFoo16x4( [a,b,c,d], [e,f,g,h] ) =
[Foo16(a,b), Foo16(c,d), Foo16(e,f), Foo16(g,h)] */
Iop_PwAdd8x8, Iop_PwAdd16x4, Iop_PwAdd32x2,
Iop_PwMax8Sx8, Iop_PwMax16Sx4, Iop_PwMax32Sx2,
Iop_PwMax8Ux8, Iop_PwMax16Ux4, Iop_PwMax32Ux2,
Iop_PwMin8Sx8, Iop_PwMin16Sx4, Iop_PwMin32Sx2,
Iop_PwMin8Ux8, Iop_PwMin16Ux4, Iop_PwMin32Ux2,
/* Longening variant is unary. The resulting vector contains two times
less elements than operand, but they are two times wider.
Example:
Iop_PAddL16Ux4( [a,b,c,d] ) = [a+b,c+d]
where a+b and c+d are unsigned 32-bit values. */
Iop_PwAddL8Ux8, Iop_PwAddL16Ux4, Iop_PwAddL32Ux2,
Iop_PwAddL8Sx8, Iop_PwAddL16Sx4, Iop_PwAddL32Sx2,
/* SUBTRACTION (normal / unsigned sat / signed sat) */
Iop_Sub8x8, Iop_Sub16x4, Iop_Sub32x2,
Iop_QSub8Ux8, Iop_QSub16Ux4, Iop_QSub32Ux2, Iop_QSub64Ux1,
Iop_QSub8Sx8, Iop_QSub16Sx4, Iop_QSub32Sx2, Iop_QSub64Sx1,
/* ABSOLUTE VALUE */
Iop_Abs8x8, Iop_Abs16x4, Iop_Abs32x2,
/* MULTIPLICATION (normal / high half of signed/unsigned / plynomial ) */
Iop_Mul8x8, Iop_Mul16x4, Iop_Mul32x2,
Iop_Mul32Fx2,
Iop_MulHi16Ux4,
Iop_MulHi16Sx4,
/* Plynomial multiplication treats it's arguments as coefficients of
polynoms over {0, 1}. */
Iop_PolynomialMul8x8,
/* Vector Saturating Doubling Multiply Returning High Half and
Vector Saturating Rounding Doubling Multiply Returning High Half */
/* These IROp's multiply corresponding elements in two vectors, double
the results, and place the most significant half of the final results
in the destination vector. The results are truncated or rounded. If
any of the results overflow, they are saturated. */
Iop_QDMulHi16Sx4, Iop_QDMulHi32Sx2,
Iop_QRDMulHi16Sx4, Iop_QRDMulHi32Sx2,
/* AVERAGING: note: (arg1 + arg2 + 1) >>u 1 */
Iop_Avg8Ux8,
Iop_Avg16Ux4,
/* MIN/MAX */
Iop_Max8Sx8, Iop_Max16Sx4, Iop_Max32Sx2,
Iop_Max8Ux8, Iop_Max16Ux4, Iop_Max32Ux2,
Iop_Min8Sx8, Iop_Min16Sx4, Iop_Min32Sx2,
Iop_Min8Ux8, Iop_Min16Ux4, Iop_Min32Ux2,
/* COMPARISON */
Iop_CmpEQ8x8, Iop_CmpEQ16x4, Iop_CmpEQ32x2,
Iop_CmpGT8Ux8, Iop_CmpGT16Ux4, Iop_CmpGT32Ux2,
Iop_CmpGT8Sx8, Iop_CmpGT16Sx4, Iop_CmpGT32Sx2,
/* COUNT ones / leading zeroes / leading sign bits (not including topmost
bit) */
Iop_Cnt8x8,
Iop_Clz8x8, Iop_Clz16x4, Iop_Clz32x2,
Iop_Cls8x8, Iop_Cls16x4, Iop_Cls32x2,
Iop_Clz64x2,
/*Vector COUNT trailing zeros */
Iop_Ctz8x16, Iop_Ctz16x8, Iop_Ctz32x4, Iop_Ctz64x2,
/* VECTOR x VECTOR SHIFT / ROTATE */
Iop_Shl8x8, Iop_Shl16x4, Iop_Shl32x2,
Iop_Shr8x8, Iop_Shr16x4, Iop_Shr32x2,
Iop_Sar8x8, Iop_Sar16x4, Iop_Sar32x2,
Iop_Sal8x8, Iop_Sal16x4, Iop_Sal32x2, Iop_Sal64x1,
/* VECTOR x SCALAR SHIFT (shift amt :: Ity_I8) */
Iop_ShlN8x8, Iop_ShlN16x4, Iop_ShlN32x2,
Iop_ShrN8x8, Iop_ShrN16x4, Iop_ShrN32x2,
Iop_SarN8x8, Iop_SarN16x4, Iop_SarN32x2,
/* VECTOR x VECTOR SATURATING SHIFT */
Iop_QShl8x8, Iop_QShl16x4, Iop_QShl32x2, Iop_QShl64x1,
Iop_QSal8x8, Iop_QSal16x4, Iop_QSal32x2, Iop_QSal64x1,
/* VECTOR x INTEGER SATURATING SHIFT */
Iop_QShlNsatSU8x8, Iop_QShlNsatSU16x4,
Iop_QShlNsatSU32x2, Iop_QShlNsatSU64x1,
Iop_QShlNsatUU8x8, Iop_QShlNsatUU16x4,
Iop_QShlNsatUU32x2, Iop_QShlNsatUU64x1,
Iop_QShlNsatSS8x8, Iop_QShlNsatSS16x4,
Iop_QShlNsatSS32x2, Iop_QShlNsatSS64x1,
/* NARROWING (binary)
-- narrow 2xI64 into 1xI64, hi half from left arg */
/* For saturated narrowing, I believe there are 4 variants of
the basic arithmetic operation, depending on the signedness
of argument and result. Here are examples that exemplify
what I mean:
QNarrow16Uto8U ( UShort x ) if (x >u 255) x = 255;
return x[7:0];
QNarrow16Sto8S ( Short x ) if (x <s -128) x = -128;
if (x >s 127) x = 127;
return x[7:0];
QNarrow16Uto8S ( UShort x ) if (x >u 127) x = 127;
return x[7:0];
QNarrow16Sto8U ( Short x ) if (x <s 0) x = 0;
if (x >s 255) x = 255;
return x[7:0];
*/
Iop_QNarrowBin16Sto8Ux8,
Iop_QNarrowBin16Sto8Sx8, Iop_QNarrowBin32Sto16Sx4,
Iop_NarrowBin16to8x8, Iop_NarrowBin32to16x4,
/* INTERLEAVING */
/* Interleave lanes from low or high halves of
operands. Most-significant result lane is from the left
arg. */
Iop_InterleaveHI8x8, Iop_InterleaveHI16x4, Iop_InterleaveHI32x2,
Iop_InterleaveLO8x8, Iop_InterleaveLO16x4, Iop_InterleaveLO32x2,
/* Interleave odd/even lanes of operands. Most-significant result lane
is from the left arg. Note that Interleave{Odd,Even}Lanes32x2 are
identical to Interleave{HI,LO}32x2 and so are omitted.*/
Iop_InterleaveOddLanes8x8, Iop_InterleaveEvenLanes8x8,
Iop_InterleaveOddLanes16x4, Iop_InterleaveEvenLanes16x4,
/* CONCATENATION -- build a new value by concatenating either
the even or odd lanes of both operands. Note that
Cat{Odd,Even}Lanes32x2 are identical to Interleave{HI,LO}32x2
and so are omitted. */
Iop_CatOddLanes8x8, Iop_CatOddLanes16x4,
Iop_CatEvenLanes8x8, Iop_CatEvenLanes16x4,
/* GET / SET elements of VECTOR
GET is binop (I64, I8) -> I<elem_size>
SET is triop (I64, I8, I<elem_size>) -> I64 */
/* Note: the arm back-end handles only constant second argument */
Iop_GetElem8x8, Iop_GetElem16x4, Iop_GetElem32x2,
Iop_SetElem8x8, Iop_SetElem16x4, Iop_SetElem32x2,
/* DUPLICATING -- copy value to all lanes */
Iop_Dup8x8, Iop_Dup16x4, Iop_Dup32x2,
/* SLICE -- produces the lowest 64 bits of (arg1:arg2) >> (8 * arg3).
arg3 is a shift amount in bytes and may be between 0 and 8
inclusive. When 0, the result is arg2; when 8, the result is arg1.
Not all back ends handle all values. The arm32 and arm64 back
ends handle only immediate arg3 values. */
Iop_Slice64, // (I64, I64, I8) -> I64
/* REVERSE the order of chunks in vector lanes. Chunks must be
smaller than the vector lanes (obviously) and so may be 8-,
16- and 32-bit in size. */
/* Examples:
Reverse8sIn16_x4([a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h]) = [b,a,d,c,f,e,h,g]
Reverse8sIn32_x2([a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h]) = [d,c,b,a,h,g,f,e]
Reverse8sIn64_x1([a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h]) = [h,g,f,e,d,c,b,a] */
Iop_Reverse8sIn16_x4,
Iop_Reverse8sIn32_x2, Iop_Reverse16sIn32_x2,
Iop_Reverse8sIn64_x1, Iop_Reverse16sIn64_x1, Iop_Reverse32sIn64_x1,
/* PERMUTING -- copy src bytes to dst,
as indexed by control vector bytes:
for i in 0 .. 7 . result[i] = argL[ argR[i] ]
argR[i] values may only be in the range 0 .. 7, else behaviour
is undefined. */
Iop_Perm8x8,
/* MISC CONVERSION -- get high bits of each byte lane, a la
x86/amd64 pmovmskb */
Iop_GetMSBs8x8, /* I64 -> I8 */
/* Vector Reciprocal Estimate and Vector Reciprocal Square Root Estimate
See floating-point equivalents for details. */
Iop_RecipEst32Ux2, Iop_RSqrtEst32Ux2,
/* ------------------ Decimal Floating Point ------------------ */
/* ARITHMETIC INSTRUCTIONS 64-bit
----------------------------------
IRRoundingMode(I32) X D64 X D64 -> D64
*/
Iop_AddD64, Iop_SubD64, Iop_MulD64, Iop_DivD64,
/* ARITHMETIC INSTRUCTIONS 128-bit
----------------------------------
IRRoundingMode(I32) X D128 X D128 -> D128
*/
Iop_AddD128, Iop_SubD128, Iop_MulD128, Iop_DivD128,
/* SHIFT SIGNIFICAND INSTRUCTIONS
* The DFP significand is shifted by the number of digits specified
* by the U8 operand. Digits shifted out of the leftmost digit are
* lost. Zeros are supplied to the vacated positions on the right.
* The sign of the result is the same as the sign of the original
* operand.
*
* D64 x U8 -> D64 left shift and right shift respectively */
Iop_ShlD64, Iop_ShrD64,
/* D128 x U8 -> D128 left shift and right shift respectively */
Iop_ShlD128, Iop_ShrD128,
/* FORMAT CONVERSION INSTRUCTIONS
* D32 -> D64
*/
Iop_D32toD64,
/* D64 -> D128 */
Iop_D64toD128,
/* I32S -> D128 */
Iop_I32StoD128,
/* I32U -> D128 */
Iop_I32UtoD128,
/* I64S -> D128 */
Iop_I64StoD128,
/* I64U -> D128 */
Iop_I64UtoD128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> D32 */
Iop_D64toD32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> D64 */
Iop_D128toD64,
/* I32S -> D64 */
Iop_I32StoD64,
/* I32U -> D64 */
Iop_I32UtoD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x I64 -> D64 */
Iop_I64StoD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x I64 -> D64 */
Iop_I64UtoD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> I32 */
Iop_D64toI32S,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> I32 */
Iop_D64toI32U,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> I64 */
Iop_D64toI64S,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> I64 */
Iop_D64toI64U,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> I32 */
Iop_D128toI32S,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> I32 */
Iop_D128toI32U,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> I64 */
Iop_D128toI64S,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> I64 */
Iop_D128toI64U,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> D32 */
Iop_F32toD32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> D64 */
Iop_F32toD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F32 -> D128 */
Iop_F32toD128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> D32 */
Iop_F64toD32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> D64 */
Iop_F64toD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F64 -> D128 */
Iop_F64toD128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> D32 */
Iop_F128toD32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> D64 */
Iop_F128toD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x F128 -> D128 */
Iop_F128toD128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D32 -> F32 */
Iop_D32toF32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D32 -> F64 */
Iop_D32toF64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D32 -> F128 */
Iop_D32toF128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> F32 */
Iop_D64toF32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> F64 */
Iop_D64toF64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> F128 */
Iop_D64toF128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> F32 */
Iop_D128toF32,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> F64 */
Iop_D128toF64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> F128 */
Iop_D128toF128,
/* ROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 -> D64
* The D64 operand, if a finite number, it is rounded to a
* floating point integer value, i.e. no fractional part.
*/
Iop_RoundD64toInt,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 -> D128 */
Iop_RoundD128toInt,
/* COMPARE INSTRUCTIONS
* D64 x D64 -> IRCmpD64Result(I32) */
Iop_CmpD64,
/* D128 x D128 -> IRCmpD128Result(I32) */
Iop_CmpD128,
/* COMPARE BIASED EXPONENET INSTRUCTIONS
* D64 x D64 -> IRCmpD64Result(I32) */
Iop_CmpExpD64,
/* D128 x D128 -> IRCmpD128Result(I32) */
Iop_CmpExpD128,
/* QUANTIZE AND ROUND INSTRUCTIONS
* The source operand is converted and rounded to the form with the
* immediate exponent specified by the rounding and exponent parameter.
*
* The second operand is converted and rounded to the form
* of the first operand's exponent and the rounded based on the specified
* rounding mode parameter.
*
* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D64 x D64-> D64 */
Iop_QuantizeD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x D128 x D128 -> D128 */
Iop_QuantizeD128,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x I8 x D64 -> D64
* The Decimal Floating point operand is rounded to the requested
* significance given by the I8 operand as specified by the rounding
* mode.
*/
Iop_SignificanceRoundD64,
/* IRRoundingMode(I32) x I8 x D128 -> D128 */
Iop_SignificanceRoundD128,
/* EXTRACT AND INSERT INSTRUCTIONS
* D64 -> I64
* The exponent of the D32 or D64 operand is extracted. The
* extracted exponent is converted to a 64-bit signed binary integer.
*/
Iop_ExtractExpD64,
/* D128 -> I64 */
Iop_ExtractExpD128,
/* D64 -> I64
* The number of significand digits of the D64 operand is extracted.
* The number is stored as a 64-bit signed binary integer.
*/
Iop_ExtractSigD64,
/* D128 -> I64 */
Iop_ExtractSigD128,
/* I64 x D64 -> D64
* The exponent is specified by the first I64 operand the signed
* significand is given by the second I64 value. The result is a D64
* value consisting of the specified significand and exponent whose
* sign is that of the specified significand.
*/
Iop_InsertExpD64,
/* I64 x D128 -> D128 */
Iop_InsertExpD128,
/* Support for 128-bit DFP type */
Iop_D64HLtoD128, Iop_D128HItoD64, Iop_D128LOtoD64,
/* I64 -> I64
* Convert 50-bit densely packed BCD string to 60 bit BCD string
*/
Iop_DPBtoBCD,
/* I64 -> I64
* Convert 60 bit BCD string to 50-bit densely packed BCD string
*/
Iop_BCDtoDPB,
/* BCD arithmetic instructions, (V128, V128) -> V128
* The BCD format is the same as that used in the BCD<->DPB conversion
* routines, except using 124 digits (vs 60) plus the trailing 4-bit
* signed code. */
Iop_BCDAdd, Iop_BCDSub,
/* Conversion signed 128-bit integer to signed BCD 128-bit */
Iop_I128StoBCD128,
/* Conversion signed BCD 128-bit to 128-bit integer */
Iop_BCD128toI128S,
/* Conversion I64 -> D64 */
Iop_ReinterpI64asD64,
/* Conversion D64 -> I64 */
Iop_ReinterpD64asI64,
/* ------------------ 128-bit SIMD FP. ------------------ */
/* --- 32x4 vector FP --- */
/* ternary :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x V128 x V128 -> V128 */
Iop_Add32Fx4, Iop_Sub32Fx4, Iop_Mul32Fx4, Iop_Div32Fx4,
/* binary */
Iop_Max32Fx4, Iop_Min32Fx4,
Iop_Add32Fx2, Iop_Sub32Fx2,
/* Note: For the following compares, the ppc and arm front-ends assume a
nan in a lane of either argument returns zero for that lane. */
Iop_CmpEQ32Fx4, Iop_CmpLT32Fx4, Iop_CmpLE32Fx4, Iop_CmpUN32Fx4,
Iop_CmpGT32Fx4, Iop_CmpGE32Fx4,
/* Pairwise Max and Min. See integer pairwise operations for details. */
Iop_PwMax32Fx4, Iop_PwMin32Fx4,
/* unary */
Iop_Abs32Fx4,
Iop_Neg32Fx4,
/* binary :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x V128 -> V128 */
Iop_Sqrt32Fx4,
/* Vector Reciprocal Estimate finds an approximate reciprocal of each
element in the operand vector, and places the results in the
destination vector. */
Iop_RecipEst32Fx4,
/* Vector Reciprocal Step computes (2.0 - arg1 * arg2).
Note, that if one of the arguments is zero and another one is infinity
of arbitrary sign the result of the operation is 2.0. */
Iop_RecipStep32Fx4,
/* Vector Reciprocal Square Root Estimate finds an approximate reciprocal
square root of each element in the operand vector. */
Iop_RSqrtEst32Fx4,
/* Vector Reciprocal Square Root Step computes (3.0 - arg1 * arg2) / 2.0.
Note, that of one of the arguments is zero and another one is infiinty
of arbitrary sign the result of the operation is 1.5. */
Iop_RSqrtStep32Fx4,
/* --- Int to/from FP conversion --- */
/* Unlike the standard fp conversions, these irops take no
rounding mode argument. Instead the irop trailers _R{M,P,N,Z}
indicate the mode: {-inf, +inf, nearest, zero} respectively. */
Iop_I32UtoFx4, Iop_I32StoFx4, /* I32x4 -> F32x4 */
Iop_FtoI32Ux4_RZ, Iop_FtoI32Sx4_RZ, /* F32x4 -> I32x4 */
Iop_QFtoI32Ux4_RZ, Iop_QFtoI32Sx4_RZ, /* F32x4 -> I32x4 (saturating) */
Iop_RoundF32x4_RM, Iop_RoundF32x4_RP, /* round to fp integer */
Iop_RoundF32x4_RN, Iop_RoundF32x4_RZ, /* round to fp integer */
/* Fixed32 format is floating-point number with fixed number of fraction
bits. The number of fraction bits is passed as a second argument of
type I8. */
Iop_F32ToFixed32Ux4_RZ, Iop_F32ToFixed32Sx4_RZ, /* fp -> fixed-point */
Iop_Fixed32UToF32x4_RN, Iop_Fixed32SToF32x4_RN, /* fixed-point -> fp */
/* --- Single to/from half conversion --- */
/* FIXME: what kind of rounding in F32x4 -> F16x4 case? */
Iop_F32toF16x4, Iop_F16toF32x4, /* F32x4 <-> F16x4 */
/* -- Double to/from half conversion -- */
Iop_F64toF16x2, Iop_F16toF64x2,
/* --- 32x4 lowest-lane-only scalar FP --- */
/* In binary cases, upper 3/4 is copied from first operand. In
unary cases, upper 3/4 is copied from the operand. */
/* binary */
Iop_Add32F0x4, Iop_Sub32F0x4, Iop_Mul32F0x4, Iop_Div32F0x4,
Iop_Max32F0x4, Iop_Min32F0x4,
Iop_CmpEQ32F0x4, Iop_CmpLT32F0x4, Iop_CmpLE32F0x4, Iop_CmpUN32F0x4,
/* unary */
Iop_RecipEst32F0x4, Iop_Sqrt32F0x4, Iop_RSqrtEst32F0x4,
/* --- 64x2 vector FP --- */
/* ternary :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x V128 x V128 -> V128 */
Iop_Add64Fx2, Iop_Sub64Fx2, Iop_Mul64Fx2, Iop_Div64Fx2,
/* binary */
Iop_Max64Fx2, Iop_Min64Fx2,
Iop_CmpEQ64Fx2, Iop_CmpLT64Fx2, Iop_CmpLE64Fx2, Iop_CmpUN64Fx2,
/* unary */
Iop_Abs64Fx2,
Iop_Neg64Fx2,
/* binary :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x V128 -> V128 */
Iop_Sqrt64Fx2,
/* see 32Fx4 variants for description */
Iop_RecipEst64Fx2, // unary
Iop_RecipStep64Fx2, // binary
Iop_RSqrtEst64Fx2, // unary
Iop_RSqrtStep64Fx2, // binary
/* --- 64x2 lowest-lane-only scalar FP --- */
/* In binary cases, upper half is copied from first operand. In
unary cases, upper half is copied from the operand. */
/* binary */
Iop_Add64F0x2, Iop_Sub64F0x2, Iop_Mul64F0x2, Iop_Div64F0x2,
Iop_Max64F0x2, Iop_Min64F0x2,
Iop_CmpEQ64F0x2, Iop_CmpLT64F0x2, Iop_CmpLE64F0x2, Iop_CmpUN64F0x2,
/* unary */
Iop_Sqrt64F0x2,
/* --- pack / unpack --- */
/* 64 <-> 128 bit vector */
Iop_V128to64, // :: V128 -> I64, low half
Iop_V128HIto64, // :: V128 -> I64, high half
Iop_64HLtoV128, // :: (I64,I64) -> V128
Iop_64UtoV128,
Iop_SetV128lo64,
/* Copies lower 64/32/16/8 bits, zeroes out the rest. */
Iop_ZeroHI64ofV128, // :: V128 -> V128
Iop_ZeroHI96ofV128, // :: V128 -> V128
Iop_ZeroHI112ofV128, // :: V128 -> V128
Iop_ZeroHI120ofV128, // :: V128 -> V128
/* 32 <-> 128 bit vector */
Iop_32UtoV128,
Iop_V128to32, // :: V128 -> I32, lowest lane
Iop_SetV128lo32, // :: (V128,I32) -> V128
/* ------------------ 128-bit SIMD Integer. ------------------ */
/* BITWISE OPS */
Iop_NotV128,
Iop_AndV128, Iop_OrV128, Iop_XorV128,
/* VECTOR SHIFT (shift amt :: Ity_I8) */
Iop_ShlV128, Iop_ShrV128,
/* MISC (vector integer cmp != 0) */
Iop_CmpNEZ8x16, Iop_CmpNEZ16x8, Iop_CmpNEZ32x4, Iop_CmpNEZ64x2,
/* ADDITION (normal / U->U sat / S->S sat) */
Iop_Add8x16, Iop_Add16x8, Iop_Add32x4, Iop_Add64x2,
Iop_QAdd8Ux16, Iop_QAdd16Ux8, Iop_QAdd32Ux4, Iop_QAdd64Ux2,
Iop_QAdd8Sx16, Iop_QAdd16Sx8, Iop_QAdd32Sx4, Iop_QAdd64Sx2,
/* ADDITION, ARM64 specific saturating variants. */
/* Unsigned widen left arg, signed widen right arg, add, saturate S->S.
This corresponds to SUQADD. */
Iop_QAddExtUSsatSS8x16, Iop_QAddExtUSsatSS16x8,
Iop_QAddExtUSsatSS32x4, Iop_QAddExtUSsatSS64x2,
/* Signed widen left arg, unsigned widen right arg, add, saturate U->U.
This corresponds to USQADD. */
Iop_QAddExtSUsatUU8x16, Iop_QAddExtSUsatUU16x8,
Iop_QAddExtSUsatUU32x4, Iop_QAddExtSUsatUU64x2,
/* SUBTRACTION (normal / unsigned sat / signed sat) */
Iop_Sub8x16, Iop_Sub16x8, Iop_Sub32x4, Iop_Sub64x2,
Iop_QSub8Ux16, Iop_QSub16Ux8, Iop_QSub32Ux4, Iop_QSub64Ux2,
Iop_QSub8Sx16, Iop_QSub16Sx8, Iop_QSub32Sx4, Iop_QSub64Sx2,
/* MULTIPLICATION (normal / high half of signed/unsigned) */
Iop_Mul8x16, Iop_Mul16x8, Iop_Mul32x4,
Iop_MulHi16Ux8, Iop_MulHi32Ux4,
Iop_MulHi16Sx8, Iop_MulHi32Sx4,
/* (widening signed/unsigned of even lanes, with lowest lane=zero) */
Iop_MullEven8Ux16, Iop_MullEven16Ux8, Iop_MullEven32Ux4,
Iop_MullEven8Sx16, Iop_MullEven16Sx8, Iop_MullEven32Sx4,
/* Widening multiplies, all of the form (I64, I64) -> V128 */
Iop_Mull8Ux8, Iop_Mull8Sx8,
Iop_Mull16Ux4, Iop_Mull16Sx4,
Iop_Mull32Ux2, Iop_Mull32Sx2,
/* Signed doubling saturating widening multiplies, (I64, I64) -> V128 */
Iop_QDMull16Sx4, Iop_QDMull32Sx2,
/* Vector Saturating Doubling Multiply Returning High Half and
Vector Saturating Rounding Doubling Multiply Returning High Half.
These IROps multiply corresponding elements in two vectors, double
the results, and place the most significant half of the final results
in the destination vector. The results are truncated or rounded. If
any of the results overflow, they are saturated. To be more precise,
for each lane, the computed result is:
QDMulHi:
hi-half( sign-extend(laneL) *q sign-extend(laneR) *q 2 )
QRDMulHi:
hi-half( sign-extend(laneL) *q sign-extend(laneR) *q 2
+q (1 << (lane-width-in-bits - 1)) )
*/
Iop_QDMulHi16Sx8, Iop_QDMulHi32Sx4, /* (V128, V128) -> V128 */
Iop_QRDMulHi16Sx8, Iop_QRDMulHi32Sx4, /* (V128, V128) -> V128 */
/* Polynomial multiplication treats its arguments as
coefficients of polynomials over {0, 1}. */
Iop_PolynomialMul8x16, /* (V128, V128) -> V128 */
Iop_PolynomialMull8x8, /* (I64, I64) -> V128 */
/* Vector Polynomial multiplication add. (V128, V128) -> V128
*** Below is the algorithm for the instructions. These Iops could
be emulated to get this functionality, but the emulation would
be long and messy.
Example for polynomial multiply add for vector of bytes
do i = 0 to 15
prod[i].bit[0:14] <- 0
srcA <- VR[argL].byte[i]
srcB <- VR[argR].byte[i]
do j = 0 to 7
do k = 0 to j
gbit <- srcA.bit[k] & srcB.bit[j-k]
prod[i].bit[j] <- prod[i].bit[j] ^ gbit
end
end
do j = 8 to 14
do k = j-7 to 7
gbit <- (srcA.bit[k] & srcB.bit[j-k])
prod[i].bit[j] <- prod[i].bit[j] ^ gbit
end
end
end
do i = 0 to 7
VR[dst].hword[i] <- 0b0 || (prod[2×i] ^ prod[2×i+1])
end
*/
Iop_PolynomialMulAdd8x16, Iop_PolynomialMulAdd16x8,
Iop_PolynomialMulAdd32x4, Iop_PolynomialMulAdd64x2,
/* PAIRWISE operations */
/* Iop_PwFoo16x4( [a,b,c,d], [e,f,g,h] ) =
[Foo16(a,b), Foo16(c,d), Foo16(e,f), Foo16(g,h)] */
Iop_PwAdd8x16, Iop_PwAdd16x8, Iop_PwAdd32x4,
Iop_PwAdd32Fx2,
/* Longening variant is unary. The resulting vector contains two times
less elements than operand, but they are two times wider.
Example:
Iop_PwAddL16Ux4( [a,b,c,d] ) = [a+b,c+d]
where a+b and c+d are unsigned 32-bit values. */
Iop_PwAddL8Ux16, Iop_PwAddL16Ux8, Iop_PwAddL32Ux4,
Iop_PwAddL8Sx16, Iop_PwAddL16Sx8, Iop_PwAddL32Sx4,
/* Other unary pairwise ops */
/* Vector bit matrix transpose. (V128) -> V128 */
/* For each doubleword element of the source vector, an 8-bit x 8-bit
* matrix transpose is performed. */
Iop_PwBitMtxXpose64x2,
/* ABSOLUTE VALUE */
Iop_Abs8x16, Iop_Abs16x8, Iop_Abs32x4, Iop_Abs64x2,
/* AVERAGING: note: (arg1 + arg2 + 1) >>u 1 */
Iop_Avg8Ux16, Iop_Avg16Ux8, Iop_Avg32Ux4,
Iop_Avg8Sx16, Iop_Avg16Sx8, Iop_Avg32Sx4,
/* MIN/MAX */
Iop_Max8Sx16, Iop_Max16Sx8, Iop_Max32Sx4, Iop_Max64Sx2,
Iop_Max8Ux16, Iop_Max16Ux8, Iop_Max32Ux4, Iop_Max64Ux2,
Iop_Min8Sx16, Iop_Min16Sx8, Iop_Min32Sx4, Iop_Min64Sx2,
Iop_Min8Ux16, Iop_Min16Ux8, Iop_Min32Ux4, Iop_Min64Ux2,
/* COMPARISON */
Iop_CmpEQ8x16, Iop_CmpEQ16x8, Iop_CmpEQ32x4, Iop_CmpEQ64x2,
Iop_CmpGT8Sx16, Iop_CmpGT16Sx8, Iop_CmpGT32Sx4, Iop_CmpGT64Sx2,
Iop_CmpGT8Ux16, Iop_CmpGT16Ux8, Iop_CmpGT32Ux4, Iop_CmpGT64Ux2,
/* COUNT ones / leading zeroes / leading sign bits (not including topmost
bit) */
Iop_Cnt8x16,
Iop_Clz8x16, Iop_Clz16x8, Iop_Clz32x4,
Iop_Cls8x16, Iop_Cls16x8, Iop_Cls32x4,
/* VECTOR x SCALAR SHIFT (shift amt :: Ity_I8) */
Iop_ShlN8x16, Iop_ShlN16x8, Iop_ShlN32x4, Iop_ShlN64x2,
Iop_ShrN8x16, Iop_ShrN16x8, Iop_ShrN32x4, Iop_ShrN64x2,
Iop_SarN8x16, Iop_SarN16x8, Iop_SarN32x4, Iop_SarN64x2,
/* VECTOR x VECTOR SHIFT / ROTATE */
/* FIXME: I'm pretty sure the ARM32 front/back ends interpret these
differently from all other targets. The intention is that
the shift amount (2nd arg) is interpreted as unsigned and
only the lowest log2(lane-bits) bits are relevant. But the
ARM32 versions treat the shift amount as an 8 bit signed
number. The ARM32 uses should be replaced by the relevant
vector x vector bidirectional shifts instead. */
Iop_Shl8x16, Iop_Shl16x8, Iop_Shl32x4, Iop_Shl64x2,
Iop_Shr8x16, Iop_Shr16x8, Iop_Shr32x4, Iop_Shr64x2,
Iop_Sar8x16, Iop_Sar16x8, Iop_Sar32x4, Iop_Sar64x2,
Iop_Sal8x16, Iop_Sal16x8, Iop_Sal32x4, Iop_Sal64x2,
Iop_Rol8x16, Iop_Rol16x8, Iop_Rol32x4, Iop_Rol64x2,
/* VECTOR x VECTOR SATURATING SHIFT */
Iop_QShl8x16, Iop_QShl16x8, Iop_QShl32x4, Iop_QShl64x2,
Iop_QSal8x16, Iop_QSal16x8, Iop_QSal32x4, Iop_QSal64x2,
/* VECTOR x INTEGER SATURATING SHIFT */
Iop_QShlNsatSU8x16, Iop_QShlNsatSU16x8,
Iop_QShlNsatSU32x4, Iop_QShlNsatSU64x2,
Iop_QShlNsatUU8x16, Iop_QShlNsatUU16x8,
Iop_QShlNsatUU32x4, Iop_QShlNsatUU64x2,
Iop_QShlNsatSS8x16, Iop_QShlNsatSS16x8,
Iop_QShlNsatSS32x4, Iop_QShlNsatSS64x2,
/* VECTOR x VECTOR BIDIRECTIONAL SATURATING (& MAYBE ROUNDING) SHIFT */
/* All of type (V128, V128) -> V256. */
/* The least significant 8 bits of each lane of the second
operand are used as the shift amount, and interpreted signedly.
Positive values mean a shift left, negative a shift right. The
result is signedly or unsignedly saturated. There are also
rounding variants, which add 2^(shift_amount-1) to the value before
shifting, but only in the shift-right case. Vacated positions
are filled with zeroes. IOW, it's either SHR or SHL, but not SAR.
These operations return 129 bits: one bit ("Q") indicating whether
saturation occurred, and the shift result. The result type is V256,
of which the lower V128 is the shift result, and Q occupies the
least significant bit of the upper V128. All other bits of the
upper V128 are zero. */
// Unsigned saturation, no rounding
Iop_QandUQsh8x16, Iop_QandUQsh16x8,
Iop_QandUQsh32x4, Iop_QandUQsh64x2,
// Signed saturation, no rounding
Iop_QandSQsh8x16, Iop_QandSQsh16x8,
Iop_QandSQsh32x4, Iop_QandSQsh64x2,
// Unsigned saturation, rounding
Iop_QandUQRsh8x16, Iop_QandUQRsh16x8,
Iop_QandUQRsh32x4, Iop_QandUQRsh64x2,
// Signed saturation, rounding
Iop_QandSQRsh8x16, Iop_QandSQRsh16x8,
Iop_QandSQRsh32x4, Iop_QandSQRsh64x2,
/* VECTOR x VECTOR BIDIRECTIONAL (& MAYBE ROUNDING) SHIFT */
/* All of type (V128, V128) -> V128 */
/* The least significant 8 bits of each lane of the second
operand are used as the shift amount, and interpreted signedly.
Positive values mean a shift left, negative a shift right.
There are also rounding variants, which add 2^(shift_amount-1)
to the value before shifting, but only in the shift-right case.
For left shifts, the vacated places are filled with zeroes.
For right shifts, the vacated places are filled with zeroes
for the U variants and sign bits for the S variants. */
// Signed and unsigned, non-rounding
Iop_Sh8Sx16, Iop_Sh16Sx8, Iop_Sh32Sx4, Iop_Sh64Sx2,
Iop_Sh8Ux16, Iop_Sh16Ux8, Iop_Sh32Ux4, Iop_Sh64Ux2,
// Signed and unsigned, rounding
Iop_Rsh8Sx16, Iop_Rsh16Sx8, Iop_Rsh32Sx4, Iop_Rsh64Sx2,
Iop_Rsh8Ux16, Iop_Rsh16Ux8, Iop_Rsh32Ux4, Iop_Rsh64Ux2,
/* The least significant 8 bits of each lane of the second
operand are used as the shift amount, and interpreted signedly.
Positive values mean a shift left, negative a shift right. The
result is signedly or unsignedly saturated. There are also
rounding variants, which add 2^(shift_amount-1) to the value before
shifting, but only in the shift-right case. Vacated positions
are filled with zeroes. IOW, it's either SHR or SHL, but not SAR.
*/
/* VECTOR x SCALAR SATURATING (& MAYBE ROUNDING) NARROWING SHIFT RIGHT */
/* All of type (V128, I8) -> V128 */
/* The first argument is shifted right, then narrowed to half the width
by saturating it. The second argument is a scalar shift amount that
applies to all lanes, and must be a value in the range 1 to lane_width.
The shift may be done signedly (Sar variants) or unsignedly (Shr
variants). The saturation is done according to the two signedness
indicators at the end of the name. For example 64Sto32U means a
signed 64 bit value is saturated into an unsigned 32 bit value.
Additionally, the QRS variants do rounding, that is, they add the
value (1 << (shift_amount-1)) to each source lane before shifting.
These operations return 65 bits: one bit ("Q") indicating whether
saturation occurred, and the shift result. The result type is V128,
of which the lower half is the shift result, and Q occupies the
least significant bit of the upper half. All other bits of the
upper half are zero. */
// No rounding, sat U->U
Iop_QandQShrNnarrow16Uto8Ux8,
Iop_QandQShrNnarrow32Uto16Ux4, Iop_QandQShrNnarrow64Uto32Ux2,
// No rounding, sat S->S
Iop_QandQSarNnarrow16Sto8Sx8,
Iop_QandQSarNnarrow32Sto16Sx4, Iop_QandQSarNnarrow64Sto32Sx2,
// No rounding, sat S->U
Iop_QandQSarNnarrow16Sto8Ux8,
Iop_QandQSarNnarrow32Sto16Ux4, Iop_QandQSarNnarrow64Sto32Ux2,
// Rounding, sat U->U
Iop_QandQRShrNnarrow16Uto8Ux8,
Iop_QandQRShrNnarrow32Uto16Ux4, Iop_QandQRShrNnarrow64Uto32Ux2,
// Rounding, sat S->S
Iop_QandQRSarNnarrow16Sto8Sx8,
Iop_QandQRSarNnarrow32Sto16Sx4, Iop_QandQRSarNnarrow64Sto32Sx2,
// Rounding, sat S->U
Iop_QandQRSarNnarrow16Sto8Ux8,
Iop_QandQRSarNnarrow32Sto16Ux4, Iop_QandQRSarNnarrow64Sto32Ux2,
/* NARROWING (binary)
-- narrow 2xV128 into 1xV128, hi half from left arg */
/* See comments above w.r.t. U vs S issues in saturated narrowing. */
Iop_QNarrowBin16Sto8Ux16, Iop_QNarrowBin32Sto16Ux8,
Iop_QNarrowBin16Sto8Sx16, Iop_QNarrowBin32Sto16Sx8,
Iop_QNarrowBin16Uto8Ux16, Iop_QNarrowBin32Uto16Ux8,
Iop_NarrowBin16to8x16, Iop_NarrowBin32to16x8,
Iop_QNarrowBin64Sto32Sx4, Iop_QNarrowBin64Uto32Ux4,
Iop_NarrowBin64to32x4,
/* NARROWING (unary) -- narrow V128 into I64 */
Iop_NarrowUn16to8x8, Iop_NarrowUn32to16x4, Iop_NarrowUn64to32x2,
/* Saturating narrowing from signed source to signed/unsigned
destination */
Iop_QNarrowUn16Sto8Sx8, Iop_QNarrowUn32Sto16Sx4, Iop_QNarrowUn64Sto32Sx2,
Iop_QNarrowUn16Sto8Ux8, Iop_QNarrowUn32Sto16Ux4, Iop_QNarrowUn64Sto32Ux2,
/* Saturating narrowing from unsigned source to unsigned destination */
Iop_QNarrowUn16Uto8Ux8, Iop_QNarrowUn32Uto16Ux4, Iop_QNarrowUn64Uto32Ux2,
/* WIDENING -- sign or zero extend each element of the argument
vector to the twice original size. The resulting vector consists of
the same number of elements but each element and the vector itself
are twice as wide.
All operations are I64->V128.
Example
Iop_Widen32Sto64x2( [a, b] ) = [c, d]
where c = Iop_32Sto64(a) and d = Iop_32Sto64(b) */
Iop_Widen8Uto16x8, Iop_Widen16Uto32x4, Iop_Widen32Uto64x2,
Iop_Widen8Sto16x8, Iop_Widen16Sto32x4, Iop_Widen32Sto64x2,
/* INTERLEAVING */
/* Interleave lanes from low or high halves of
operands. Most-significant result lane is from the left
arg. */
Iop_InterleaveHI8x16, Iop_InterleaveHI16x8,
Iop_InterleaveHI32x4, Iop_InterleaveHI64x2,
Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, Iop_InterleaveLO16x8,
Iop_InterleaveLO32x4, Iop_InterleaveLO64x2,
/* Interleave odd/even lanes of operands. Most-significant result lane
is from the left arg. */
Iop_InterleaveOddLanes8x16, Iop_InterleaveEvenLanes8x16,
Iop_InterleaveOddLanes16x8, Iop_InterleaveEvenLanes16x8,
Iop_InterleaveOddLanes32x4, Iop_InterleaveEvenLanes32x4,
/* CONCATENATION -- build a new value by concatenating either
the even or odd lanes of both operands. Note that
Cat{Odd,Even}Lanes64x2 are identical to Interleave{HI,LO}64x2
and so are omitted. */
Iop_CatOddLanes8x16, Iop_CatOddLanes16x8, Iop_CatOddLanes32x4,
Iop_CatEvenLanes8x16, Iop_CatEvenLanes16x8, Iop_CatEvenLanes32x4,
/* GET elements of VECTOR
GET is binop (V128, I8) -> I<elem_size> */
/* Note: the arm back-end handles only constant second argument. */
Iop_GetElem8x16, Iop_GetElem16x8, Iop_GetElem32x4, Iop_GetElem64x2,
/* DUPLICATING -- copy value to all lanes */
Iop_Dup8x16, Iop_Dup16x8, Iop_Dup32x4,
/* SLICE -- produces the lowest 128 bits of (arg1:arg2) >> (8 * arg3).
arg3 is a shift amount in bytes and may be between 0 and 16
inclusive. When 0, the result is arg2; when 16, the result is arg1.
Not all back ends handle all values. The arm64 back
end handles only immediate arg3 values. */
Iop_SliceV128, // (V128, V128, I8) -> V128
/* REVERSE the order of chunks in vector lanes. Chunks must be
smaller than the vector lanes (obviously) and so may be 8-,
16- and 32-bit in size. See definitions of 64-bit SIMD
versions above for examples. */
Iop_Reverse8sIn16_x8,
Iop_Reverse8sIn32_x4, Iop_Reverse16sIn32_x4,
Iop_Reverse8sIn64_x2, Iop_Reverse16sIn64_x2, Iop_Reverse32sIn64_x2,
Iop_Reverse1sIn8_x16, /* Reverse bits in each byte lane. */
/* PERMUTING -- copy src bytes to dst,
as indexed by control vector bytes:
for i in 0 .. 15 . result[i] = argL[ argR[i] ]
argR[i] values may only be in the range 0 .. 15, else behaviour
is undefined. */
Iop_Perm8x16,
Iop_Perm32x4, /* ditto, except argR values are restricted to 0 .. 3 */
/* MISC CONVERSION -- get high bits of each byte lane, a la
x86/amd64 pmovmskb */
Iop_GetMSBs8x16, /* V128 -> I16 */
/* Vector Reciprocal Estimate and Vector Reciprocal Square Root Estimate
See floating-point equivalents for details. */
Iop_RecipEst32Ux4, Iop_RSqrtEst32Ux4,
/* 128-bit multipy by 10 instruction, result is lower 128-bits */
Iop_MulI128by10,
/* 128-bit multipy by 10 instruction, result is carry out from the MSB */
Iop_MulI128by10Carry,
/* 128-bit multipy by 10 instruction, result is lower 128-bits of the
* source times 10 plus the carry in
*/
Iop_MulI128by10E,
/* 128-bit multipy by 10 instruction, result is carry out from the MSB
* of the source times 10 plus the carry in
*/
Iop_MulI128by10ECarry,
/* ------------------ 256-bit SIMD Integer. ------------------ */
/* Pack/unpack */
Iop_V256to64_0, // V256 -> I64, extract least significant lane
Iop_V256to64_1,
Iop_V256to64_2,
Iop_V256to64_3, // V256 -> I64, extract most significant lane
Iop_64x4toV256, // (I64,I64,I64,I64)->V256
// first arg is most significant lane
Iop_V256toV128_0, // V256 -> V128, less significant lane
Iop_V256toV128_1, // V256 -> V128, more significant lane
Iop_V128HLtoV256, // (V128,V128)->V256, first arg is most signif
Iop_AndV256,
Iop_OrV256,
Iop_XorV256,
Iop_NotV256,
/* MISC (vector integer cmp != 0) */
Iop_CmpNEZ8x32, Iop_CmpNEZ16x16, Iop_CmpNEZ32x8, Iop_CmpNEZ64x4,
Iop_Add8x32, Iop_Add16x16, Iop_Add32x8, Iop_Add64x4,
Iop_Sub8x32, Iop_Sub16x16, Iop_Sub32x8, Iop_Sub64x4,
Iop_CmpEQ8x32, Iop_CmpEQ16x16, Iop_CmpEQ32x8, Iop_CmpEQ64x4,
Iop_CmpGT8Sx32, Iop_CmpGT16Sx16, Iop_CmpGT32Sx8, Iop_CmpGT64Sx4,
Iop_ShlN16x16, Iop_ShlN32x8, Iop_ShlN64x4,
Iop_ShrN16x16, Iop_ShrN32x8, Iop_ShrN64x4,
Iop_SarN16x16, Iop_SarN32x8,
Iop_Max8Sx32, Iop_Max16Sx16, Iop_Max32Sx8,
Iop_Max8Ux32, Iop_Max16Ux16, Iop_Max32Ux8,
Iop_Min8Sx32, Iop_Min16Sx16, Iop_Min32Sx8,
Iop_Min8Ux32, Iop_Min16Ux16, Iop_Min32Ux8,
Iop_Mul16x16, Iop_Mul32x8,
Iop_MulHi16Ux16, Iop_MulHi16Sx16,
Iop_QAdd8Ux32, Iop_QAdd16Ux16,
Iop_QAdd8Sx32, Iop_QAdd16Sx16,
Iop_QSub8Ux32, Iop_QSub16Ux16,
Iop_QSub8Sx32, Iop_QSub16Sx16,
Iop_Avg8Ux32, Iop_Avg16Ux16,
Iop_Perm32x8,
/* (V128, V128) -> V128 */
Iop_CipherV128, Iop_CipherLV128, Iop_CipherSV128,
Iop_NCipherV128, Iop_NCipherLV128,
/* Hash instructions, Federal Information Processing Standards
* Publication 180-3 Secure Hash Standard. */
/* (V128, I8) -> V128; The I8 input arg is (ST | SIX), where ST and
* SIX are fields from the insn. See ISA 2.07 description of
* vshasigmad and vshasigmaw insns.*/
Iop_SHA512, Iop_SHA256,
/* ------------------ 256-bit SIMD FP. ------------------ */
/* ternary :: IRRoundingMode(I32) x V256 x V256 -> V256 */
Iop_Add64Fx4, Iop_Sub64Fx4, Iop_Mul64Fx4, Iop_Div64Fx4,
Iop_Add32Fx8, Iop_Sub32Fx8, Iop_Mul32Fx8, Iop_Div32Fx8,
Iop_Sqrt32Fx8,
Iop_Sqrt64Fx4,
Iop_RSqrtEst32Fx8,
Iop_RecipEst32Fx8,
Iop_Max32Fx8, Iop_Min32Fx8,
Iop_Max64Fx4, Iop_Min64Fx4,
Iop_LAST /* must be the last enumerator */
}
IROp;
/* Pretty-print an op. */
extern void ppIROp ( IROp );
/* For a given operand return the types of its arguments and its result. */
extern void typeOfPrimop ( IROp op,
/*OUTs*/ IRType* t_dst, IRType* t_arg1,
IRType* t_arg2, IRType* t_arg3, IRType* t_arg4 );
/* Encoding of IEEE754-specified rounding modes.
Note, various front and back ends rely on the actual numerical
values of these, so do not change them. */
typedef
enum {
Irrm_NEAREST = 0, // Round to nearest, ties to even
Irrm_NegINF = 1, // Round to negative infinity
Irrm_PosINF = 2, // Round to positive infinity
Irrm_ZERO = 3, // Round toward zero
Irrm_NEAREST_TIE_AWAY_0 = 4, // Round to nearest, ties away from 0
Irrm_PREPARE_SHORTER = 5, // Round to prepare for shorter
// precision
Irrm_AWAY_FROM_ZERO = 6, // Round to away from 0
Irrm_NEAREST_TIE_TOWARD_0 = 7 // Round to nearest, ties towards 0
}
IRRoundingMode;
/* Binary floating point comparison result values.
This is also derived from what IA32 does. */
typedef
enum {
Ircr_UN = 0x45,
Ircr_LT = 0x01,
Ircr_GT = 0x00,
Ircr_EQ = 0x40
}
IRCmpFResult;
typedef IRCmpFResult IRCmpF32Result;
typedef IRCmpFResult IRCmpF64Result;
typedef IRCmpFResult IRCmpF128Result;
/* Decimal floating point result values. */
typedef IRCmpFResult IRCmpDResult;
typedef IRCmpDResult IRCmpD64Result;
typedef IRCmpDResult IRCmpD128Result;
/* ------------------ Expressions ------------------ */
typedef struct _IRQop IRQop; /* forward declaration */
typedef struct _IRTriop IRTriop; /* forward declaration */
/* The different kinds of expressions. Their meaning is explained below
in the comments for IRExpr. */
typedef
enum {
Iex_Binder=0x1900,
Iex_Get,
Iex_GetI,
Iex_RdTmp,
Iex_Qop,
Iex_Triop,
Iex_Binop,
Iex_Unop,
Iex_Load,
Iex_Const,
Iex_ITE,
Iex_CCall,
Iex_VECRET,
Iex_GSPTR
}
IRExprTag;
/* An expression. Stored as a tagged union. 'tag' indicates what kind
of expression this is. 'Iex' is the union that holds the fields. If
an IRExpr 'e' has e.tag equal to Iex_Load, then it's a load
expression, and the fields can be accessed with
'e.Iex.Load.<fieldname>'.
For each kind of expression, we show what it looks like when
pretty-printed with ppIRExpr().
*/
typedef
struct _IRExpr
IRExpr;
struct _IRExpr {
IRExprTag tag;
union {
/* Used only in pattern matching within Vex. Should not be seen
outside of Vex. */
struct {
Int binder;
} Binder;
/* Read a guest register, at a fixed offset in the guest state.
ppIRExpr output: GET:<ty>(<offset>), eg. GET:I32(0)
*/
struct {
Int offset; /* Offset into the guest state */
IRType ty; /* Type of the value being read */
} Get;
/* Read a guest register at a non-fixed offset in the guest
state. This allows circular indexing into parts of the guest
state, which is essential for modelling situations where the
identity of guest registers is not known until run time. One
example is the x87 FP register stack.
The part of the guest state to be treated as a circular array
is described in the IRRegArray 'descr' field. It holds the
offset of the first element in the array, the type of each
element, and the number of elements.
The array index is indicated rather indirectly, in a way
which makes optimisation easy: as the sum of variable part
(the 'ix' field) and a constant offset (the 'bias' field).
Since the indexing is circular, the actual array index to use
is computed as (ix + bias) % num-of-elems-in-the-array.
Here's an example. The description
(96:8xF64)[t39,-7]
describes an array of 8 F64-typed values, the
guest-state-offset of the first being 96. This array is
being indexed at (t39 - 7) % 8.
It is important to get the array size/type exactly correct
since IR optimisation looks closely at such info in order to
establish aliasing/non-aliasing between seperate GetI and
PutI events, which is used to establish when they can be
reordered, etc. Putting incorrect info in will lead to
obscure IR optimisation bugs.
ppIRExpr output: GETI<descr>[<ix>,<bias]
eg. GETI(128:8xI8)[t1,0]
*/
struct {
IRRegArray* descr; /* Part of guest state treated as circular */
IRExpr* ix; /* Variable part of index into array */
Int bias; /* Constant offset part of index into array */
} GetI;
/* The value held by a temporary.
ppIRExpr output: t<tmp>, eg. t1
*/
struct {
IRTemp tmp; /* The temporary number */
} RdTmp;
/* A quaternary operation.
ppIRExpr output: <op>(<arg1>, <arg2>, <arg3>, <arg4>),
eg. MAddF64r32(t1, t2, t3, t4)
*/
struct {
IRQop* details;
} Qop;
/* A ternary operation.
ppIRExpr output: <op>(<arg1>, <arg2>, <arg3>),
eg. MulF64(1, 2.0, 3.0)
*/
struct {
IRTriop* details;
} Triop;
/* A binary operation.
ppIRExpr output: <op>(<arg1>, <arg2>), eg. Add32(t1,t2)
*/
struct {
IROp op; /* op-code */
IRExpr* arg1; /* operand 1 */
IRExpr* arg2; /* operand 2 */
} Binop;
/* A unary operation.
ppIRExpr output: <op>(<arg>), eg. Neg8(t1)
*/
struct {
IROp op; /* op-code */
IRExpr* arg; /* operand */
} Unop;
/* A load from memory -- a normal load, not a load-linked.
Load-Linkeds (and Store-Conditionals) are instead represented
by IRStmt.LLSC since Load-Linkeds have side effects and so
are not semantically valid IRExpr's.
ppIRExpr output: LD<end>:<ty>(<addr>), eg. LDle:I32(t1)
*/
struct {
IREndness end; /* Endian-ness of the load */
IRType ty; /* Type of the loaded value */
IRExpr* addr; /* Address being loaded from */
} Load;
/* A constant-valued expression.
ppIRExpr output: <con>, eg. 0x4:I32
*/
struct {
IRConst* con; /* The constant itself */
} Const;
/* A call to a pure (no side-effects) helper C function.
With the 'cee' field, 'name' is the function's name. It is
only used for pretty-printing purposes. The address to call
(host address, of course) is stored in the 'addr' field
inside 'cee'.
The 'args' field is a NULL-terminated array of arguments.
The stated return IRType, and the implied argument types,
must match that of the function being called well enough so
that the back end can actually generate correct code for the
call.
The called function **must** satisfy the following:
* no side effects -- must be a pure function, the result of
which depends only on the passed parameters.
* it may not look at, nor modify, any of the guest state
since that would hide guest state transitions from
instrumenters
* it may not access guest memory, since that would hide
guest memory transactions from the instrumenters
* it must not assume that arguments are being evaluated in a
particular order. The oder of evaluation is unspecified.
This is restrictive, but makes the semantics clean, and does
not interfere with IR optimisation.
If you want to call a helper which can mess with guest state
and/or memory, instead use Ist_Dirty. This is a lot more
flexible, but you have to give a bunch of details about what
the helper does (and you better be telling the truth,
otherwise any derived instrumentation will be wrong). Also
Ist_Dirty inhibits various IR optimisations and so can cause
quite poor code to be generated. Try to avoid it.
In principle it would be allowable to have the arg vector
contain an IRExpr_VECRET(), although not IRExpr_GSPTR(). However,
at the moment there is no requirement for clean helper calls to
be able to return V128 or V256 values. Hence this is not allowed.
ppIRExpr output: <cee>(<args>):<retty>
eg. foo{0x80489304}(t1, t2):I32
*/
struct {
IRCallee* cee; /* Function to call. */
IRType retty; /* Type of return value. */
IRExpr** args; /* Vector of argument expressions. */
} CCall;
/* A ternary if-then-else operator. It returns iftrue if cond is
nonzero, iffalse otherwise. Note that it is STRICT, ie. both
iftrue and iffalse are evaluated in all cases.
ppIRExpr output: ITE(<cond>,<iftrue>,<iffalse>),
eg. ITE(t6,t7,t8)
*/
struct {
IRExpr* cond; /* Condition */
IRExpr* iftrue; /* True expression */
IRExpr* iffalse; /* False expression */
} ITE;
} Iex;
};
/* Expression auxiliaries: a ternary expression. */
struct _IRTriop {
IROp op; /* op-code */
IRExpr* arg1; /* operand 1 */
IRExpr* arg2; /* operand 2 */
IRExpr* arg3; /* operand 3 */
};
/* Expression auxiliaries: a quarternary expression. */
struct _IRQop {
IROp op; /* op-code */
IRExpr* arg1; /* operand 1 */
IRExpr* arg2; /* operand 2 */
IRExpr* arg3; /* operand 3 */
IRExpr* arg4; /* operand 4 */
};
/* Two special kinds of IRExpr, which can ONLY be used in
argument lists for dirty helper calls (IRDirty.args) and in NO
OTHER PLACES. And then only in very limited ways. */
/* Denotes an argument which (in the helper) takes a pointer to a
(naturally aligned) V128 or V256, into which the helper is expected
to write its result. Use of IRExpr_VECRET() is strictly
controlled. If the helper returns a V128 or V256 value then
IRExpr_VECRET() must appear exactly once in the arg list, although
it can appear anywhere, and the helper must have a C 'void' return
type. If the helper returns any other type, IRExpr_VECRET() may
not appear in the argument list. */
/* Denotes an void* argument which is passed to the helper, which at
run time will point to the thread's guest state area. This can
only appear at most once in an argument list, and it may not appear
at all in argument lists for clean helper calls. */
static inline Bool is_IRExpr_VECRET_or_GSPTR ( const IRExpr* e ) {
return e->tag == Iex_VECRET || e->tag == Iex_GSPTR;
}
/* Expression constructors. */
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Binder ( Int binder );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Get ( Int off, IRType ty );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_GetI ( IRRegArray* descr, IRExpr* ix, Int bias );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_RdTmp ( IRTemp tmp );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Qop ( IROp op, IRExpr* arg1, IRExpr* arg2,
IRExpr* arg3, IRExpr* arg4 );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Triop ( IROp op, IRExpr* arg1,
IRExpr* arg2, IRExpr* arg3 );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Binop ( IROp op, IRExpr* arg1, IRExpr* arg2 );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Unop ( IROp op, IRExpr* arg );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Load ( IREndness end, IRType ty, IRExpr* addr );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_Const ( IRConst* con );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_CCall ( IRCallee* cee, IRType retty, IRExpr** args );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_ITE ( IRExpr* cond, IRExpr* iftrue, IRExpr* iffalse );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_VECRET ( void );
extern IRExpr* IRExpr_GSPTR ( void );
/* Deep-copy an IRExpr. */
extern IRExpr* deepCopyIRExpr ( const IRExpr* );
/* Pretty-print an IRExpr. */
extern void ppIRExpr ( const IRExpr* );
/* NULL-terminated IRExpr vector constructors, suitable for
use as arg lists in clean/dirty helper calls. */
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_0 ( void );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_1 ( IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_2 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_3 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_4 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_5 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_6 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_7 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_8 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_9 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
extern IRExpr** mkIRExprVec_13 ( IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*,
IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr*, IRExpr* );
/* IRExpr copiers:
- shallowCopy: shallow-copy (ie. create a new vector that shares the
elements with the original).
- deepCopy: deep-copy (ie. create a completely new vector). */
extern IRExpr** shallowCopyIRExprVec ( IRExpr** );
extern IRExpr** deepCopyIRExprVec ( IRExpr *const * );
/* Make a constant expression from the given host word taking into
account (of course) the host word size. */
extern IRExpr* mkIRExpr_HWord ( HWord );
/* Convenience function for constructing clean helper calls. */
extern
IRExpr* mkIRExprCCall ( IRType retty,
Int regparms, const HChar* name, void* addr,
IRExpr** args );
/* Convenience functions for atoms (IRExprs which are either Iex_Tmp or
* Iex_Const). */
static inline Bool isIRAtom ( const IRExpr* e ) {
return toBool(e->tag == Iex_RdTmp || e->tag == Iex_Const);
}
/* Are these two IR atoms identical? Causes an assertion
failure if they are passed non-atoms. */
extern Bool eqIRAtom ( const IRExpr*, const IRExpr* );
/* ------------------ Jump kinds ------------------ */
/* This describes hints which can be passed to the dispatcher at guest
control-flow transfer points.
Re Ijk_InvalICache and Ijk_FlushDCache: the guest state _must_ have
two pseudo-registers, guest_CMSTART and guest_CMLEN, which specify
the start and length of the region to be invalidated. CM stands
for "Cache Management". These are both the size of a guest word.
It is the responsibility of the relevant toIR.c to ensure that
these are filled in with suitable values before issuing a jump of
kind Ijk_InvalICache or Ijk_FlushDCache.
Ijk_InvalICache requests invalidation of translations taken from
the requested range. Ijk_FlushDCache requests flushing of the D
cache for the specified range.
Re Ijk_EmWarn and Ijk_EmFail: the guest state must have a
pseudo-register guest_EMNOTE, which is 32-bits regardless of the
host or guest word size. That register should be made to hold a
VexEmNote value to indicate the reason for the exit.
In the case of Ijk_EmFail, the exit is fatal (Vex-generated code
cannot continue) and so the jump destination can be anything.
Re Ijk_Sys_ (syscall jumps): the guest state must have a
pseudo-register guest_IP_AT_SYSCALL, which is the size of a guest
word. Front ends should set this to be the IP at the most recently
executed kernel-entering (system call) instruction. This makes it
very much easier (viz, actually possible at all) to back up the
guest to restart a syscall that has been interrupted by a signal.
*/
typedef
enum {
Ijk_INVALID=0x1A00,
Ijk_Boring, /* not interesting; just goto next */
Ijk_Call, /* guest is doing a call */
Ijk_Ret, /* guest is doing a return */
Ijk_ClientReq, /* do guest client req before continuing */
Ijk_Yield, /* client is yielding to thread scheduler */
Ijk_EmWarn, /* report emulation warning before continuing */
Ijk_EmFail, /* emulation critical (FATAL) error; give up */
Ijk_NoDecode, /* current instruction cannot be decoded */
Ijk_MapFail, /* Vex-provided address translation failed */
Ijk_InvalICache, /* Inval icache for range [CMSTART, +CMLEN) */
Ijk_FlushDCache, /* Flush dcache for range [CMSTART, +CMLEN) */
Ijk_NoRedir, /* Jump to un-redirected guest addr */
Ijk_SigILL, /* current instruction synths SIGILL */
Ijk_SigTRAP, /* current instruction synths SIGTRAP */
Ijk_SigSEGV, /* current instruction synths SIGSEGV */
Ijk_SigBUS, /* current instruction synths SIGBUS */
Ijk_SigFPE_IntDiv, /* current instruction synths SIGFPE - IntDiv */
Ijk_SigFPE_IntOvf, /* current instruction synths SIGFPE - IntOvf */
/* Unfortunately, various guest-dependent syscall kinds. They
all mean: do a syscall before continuing. */
Ijk_Sys_syscall, /* amd64/x86 'syscall', ppc 'sc', arm 'svc #0' */
Ijk_Sys_int32, /* amd64/x86 'int $0x20' */
Ijk_Sys_int128, /* amd64/x86 'int $0x80' */
Ijk_Sys_int129, /* amd64/x86 'int $0x81' */
Ijk_Sys_int130, /* amd64/x86 'int $0x82' */
Ijk_Sys_int145, /* amd64/x86 'int $0x91' */
Ijk_Sys_int210, /* amd64/x86 'int $0xD2' */
Ijk_Sys_sysenter /* x86 'sysenter'. guest_EIP becomes
invalid at the point this happens. */
}
IRJumpKind;
extern void ppIRJumpKind ( IRJumpKind );
/* ------------------ Dirty helper calls ------------------ */
/* A dirty call is a flexible mechanism for calling (possibly
conditionally) a helper function or procedure. The helper function
may read, write or modify client memory, and may read, write or
modify client state. It can take arguments and optionally return a
value. It may return different results and/or do different things
when called repeatedly with the same arguments, by means of storing
private state.
If a value is returned, it is assigned to the nominated return
temporary.
Dirty calls are statements rather than expressions for obvious
reasons. If a dirty call is marked as writing guest state, any
pre-existing values derived from the written parts of the guest
state are invalid. Similarly, if the dirty call is stated as
writing memory, any pre-existing loaded values are invalidated by
it.
In order that instrumentation is possible, the call must state, and
state correctly:
* Whether it reads, writes or modifies memory, and if so where.
* Whether it reads, writes or modifies guest state, and if so which
pieces. Several pieces may be stated, and their extents must be
known at translation-time. Each piece is allowed to repeat some
number of times at a fixed interval, if required.
Normally, code is generated to pass just the args to the helper.
However, if IRExpr_GSPTR() is present in the argument list (at most
one instance is allowed), then the guest state pointer is passed for
that arg, so that the callee can access the guest state. It is
invalid for .nFxState to be zero but IRExpr_GSPTR() to be present,
since .nFxState==0 is a claim that the call does not access guest
state.
IMPORTANT NOTE re GUARDS: Dirty calls are strict, very strict. The
arguments and 'mFx' are evaluated REGARDLESS of the guard value.
The order of argument evaluation is unspecified. The guard
expression is evaluated AFTER the arguments and 'mFx' have been
evaluated. 'mFx' is expected (by Memcheck) to be a defined value
even if the guard evaluates to false.
*/
#define VEX_N_FXSTATE 7 /* enough for FXSAVE/FXRSTOR on x86 */
/* Effects on resources (eg. registers, memory locations) */
typedef
enum {
Ifx_None=0x1B00, /* no effect */
Ifx_Read, /* reads the resource */
Ifx_Write, /* writes the resource */
Ifx_Modify, /* modifies the resource */
}
IREffect;
/* Pretty-print an IREffect */
extern void ppIREffect ( IREffect );
typedef
struct _IRDirty {
/* What to call, and details of args/results. .guard must be
non-NULL. If .tmp is not IRTemp_INVALID, then the call
returns a result which is placed in .tmp. If at runtime the
guard evaluates to false, .tmp has an 0x555..555 bit pattern
written to it. Hence conditional calls that assign .tmp are
allowed. */
IRCallee* cee; /* where to call */
IRExpr* guard; /* :: Ity_Bit. Controls whether call happens */
/* The args vector may contain IRExpr_GSPTR() and/or
IRExpr_VECRET(), in both cases, at most once. */
IRExpr** args; /* arg vector, ends in NULL. */
IRTemp tmp; /* to assign result to, or IRTemp_INVALID if none */
/* Mem effects; we allow only one R/W/M region to be stated */
IREffect mFx; /* indicates memory effects, if any */
IRExpr* mAddr; /* of access, or NULL if mFx==Ifx_None */
Int mSize; /* of access, or zero if mFx==Ifx_None */
/* Guest state effects; up to N allowed */
Int nFxState; /* must be 0 .. VEX_N_FXSTATE */
struct {
IREffect fx:16; /* read, write or modify? Ifx_None is invalid. */
UShort offset;
UShort size;
UChar nRepeats;
UChar repeatLen;
} fxState[VEX_N_FXSTATE];
/* The access can be repeated, as specified by nRepeats and
repeatLen. To describe only a single access, nRepeats and
repeatLen should be zero. Otherwise, repeatLen must be a
multiple of size and greater than size. */
/* Overall, the parts of the guest state denoted by (offset,
size, nRepeats, repeatLen) is
[offset, +size)
and, if nRepeats > 0,
for (i = 1; i <= nRepeats; i++)
[offset + i * repeatLen, +size)
A convenient way to enumerate all segments is therefore
for (i = 0; i < 1 + nRepeats; i++)
[offset + i * repeatLen, +size)
*/
}
IRDirty;
/* Pretty-print a dirty call */
extern void ppIRDirty ( const IRDirty* );
/* Allocate an uninitialised dirty call */
extern IRDirty* emptyIRDirty ( void );
/* Deep-copy a dirty call */
extern IRDirty* deepCopyIRDirty ( const IRDirty* );
/* A handy function which takes some of the tedium out of constructing
dirty helper calls. The called function impliedly does not return
any value and has a constant-True guard. The call is marked as
accessing neither guest state nor memory (hence the "unsafe"
designation) -- you can change this marking later if need be. A
suitable IRCallee is constructed from the supplied bits. */
extern
IRDirty* unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( Int regparms, const HChar* name, void* addr,
IRExpr** args );
/* Similarly, make a zero-annotation dirty call which returns a value,
and assign that to the given temp. */
extern
IRDirty* unsafeIRDirty_1_N ( IRTemp dst,
Int regparms, const HChar* name, void* addr,
IRExpr** args );
/* --------------- Memory Bus Events --------------- */
typedef
enum {
Imbe_Fence=0x1C00,
/* Needed only on ARM. It cancels a reservation made by a
preceding Linked-Load, and needs to be handed through to the
back end, just as LL and SC themselves are. */
Imbe_CancelReservation
}
IRMBusEvent;
extern void ppIRMBusEvent ( IRMBusEvent );
/* --------------- Compare and Swap --------------- */
/* This denotes an atomic compare and swap operation, either
a single-element one or a double-element one.
In the single-element case:
.addr is the memory address.
.end is the endianness with which memory is accessed
If .addr contains the same value as .expdLo, then .dataLo is
written there, else there is no write. In both cases, the
original value at .addr is copied into .oldLo.
Types: .expdLo, .dataLo and .oldLo must all have the same type.
It may be any integral type, viz: I8, I16, I32 or, for 64-bit
guests, I64.
.oldHi must be IRTemp_INVALID, and .expdHi and .dataHi must
be NULL.
In the double-element case:
.addr is the memory address.
.end is the endianness with which memory is accessed
The operation is the same:
If .addr contains the same value as .expdHi:.expdLo, then
.dataHi:.dataLo is written there, else there is no write. In
both cases the original value at .addr is copied into
.oldHi:.oldLo.
Types: .expdHi, .expdLo, .dataHi, .dataLo, .oldHi, .oldLo must
all have the same type, which may be any integral type, viz: I8,
I16, I32 or, for 64-bit guests, I64.
The double-element case is complicated by the issue of
endianness. In all cases, the two elements are understood to be
located adjacently in memory, starting at the address .addr.
If .end is Iend_LE, then the .xxxLo component is at the lower
address and the .xxxHi component is at the higher address, and
each component is itself stored little-endianly.
If .end is Iend_BE, then the .xxxHi component is at the lower
address and the .xxxLo component is at the higher address, and
each component is itself stored big-endianly.
This allows representing more cases than most architectures can
handle. For example, x86 cannot do DCAS on 8- or 16-bit elements.
How to know if the CAS succeeded?
* if .oldLo == .expdLo (resp. .oldHi:.oldLo == .expdHi:.expdLo),
then the CAS succeeded, .dataLo (resp. .dataHi:.dataLo) is now
stored at .addr, and the original value there was .oldLo (resp
.oldHi:.oldLo).
* if .oldLo != .expdLo (resp. .oldHi:.oldLo != .expdHi:.expdLo),
then the CAS failed, and the original value at .addr was .oldLo
(resp. .oldHi:.oldLo).
Hence it is easy to know whether or not the CAS succeeded.
*/
typedef
struct {
IRTemp oldHi; /* old value of *addr is written here */
IRTemp oldLo;
IREndness end; /* endianness of the data in memory */
IRExpr* addr; /* store address */
IRExpr* expdHi; /* expected old value at *addr */
IRExpr* expdLo;
IRExpr* dataHi; /* new value for *addr */
IRExpr* dataLo;
}
IRCAS;
extern void ppIRCAS ( const IRCAS* cas );
extern IRCAS* mkIRCAS ( IRTemp oldHi, IRTemp oldLo,
IREndness end, IRExpr* addr,
IRExpr* expdHi, IRExpr* expdLo,
IRExpr* dataHi, IRExpr* dataLo );
extern IRCAS* deepCopyIRCAS ( const IRCAS* );
/* ------------------ Circular Array Put ------------------ */
typedef
struct {
IRRegArray* descr; /* Part of guest state treated as circular */
IRExpr* ix; /* Variable part of index into array */
Int bias; /* Constant offset part of index into array */
IRExpr* data; /* The value to write */
} IRPutI;
extern void ppIRPutI ( const IRPutI* puti );
extern IRPutI* mkIRPutI ( IRRegArray* descr, IRExpr* ix,
Int bias, IRExpr* data );
extern IRPutI* deepCopyIRPutI ( const IRPutI* );
/* --------------- Guarded loads and stores --------------- */
/* Conditional stores are straightforward. They are the same as
normal stores, with an extra 'guard' field :: Ity_I1 that
determines whether or not the store actually happens. If not,
memory is unmodified.
The semantics of this is that 'addr' and 'data' are fully evaluated
even in the case where 'guard' evaluates to zero (false).
*/
typedef
struct {
IREndness end; /* Endianness of the store */
IRExpr* addr; /* store address */
IRExpr* data; /* value to write */
IRExpr* guard; /* Guarding value */
}
IRStoreG;
/* Conditional loads are a little more complex. 'addr' is the
address, 'guard' is the guarding condition. If the load takes
place, the loaded value is placed in 'dst'. If it does not take
place, 'alt' is copied to 'dst'. However, the loaded value is not
placed directly in 'dst' -- it is first subjected to the conversion
specified by 'cvt'.
For example, imagine doing a conditional 8-bit load, in which the
loaded value is zero extended to 32 bits. Hence:
* 'dst' and 'alt' must have type I32
* 'cvt' must be a unary op which converts I8 to I32. In this
example, it would be ILGop_8Uto32.
There is no explicit indication of the type at which the load is
done, since that is inferrable from the arg type of 'cvt'. Note
that the types of 'alt' and 'dst' and the result type of 'cvt' must
all be the same.
Semantically, 'addr' is evaluated even in the case where 'guard'
evaluates to zero (false), and 'alt' is evaluated even when 'guard'
evaluates to one (true). That is, 'addr' and 'alt' are always
evaluated.
*/
typedef
enum {
ILGop_INVALID=0x1D00,
ILGop_IdentV128, /* 128 bit vector, no conversion */
ILGop_Ident64, /* 64 bit, no conversion */
ILGop_Ident32, /* 32 bit, no conversion */
ILGop_16Uto32, /* 16 bit load, Z-widen to 32 */
ILGop_16Sto32, /* 16 bit load, S-widen to 32 */
ILGop_8Uto32, /* 8 bit load, Z-widen to 32 */
ILGop_8Sto32 /* 8 bit load, S-widen to 32 */
}
IRLoadGOp;
typedef
struct {
IREndness end; /* Endianness of the load */
IRLoadGOp cvt; /* Conversion to apply to the loaded value */
IRTemp dst; /* Destination (LHS) of assignment */
IRExpr* addr; /* Address being loaded from */
IRExpr* alt; /* Value if load is not done. */
IRExpr* guard; /* Guarding value */
}
IRLoadG;
extern void ppIRStoreG ( const IRStoreG* sg );
extern void ppIRLoadGOp ( IRLoadGOp cvt );
extern void ppIRLoadG ( const IRLoadG* lg );
extern IRStoreG* mkIRStoreG ( IREndness end,
IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* data,
IRExpr* guard );
extern IRLoadG* mkIRLoadG ( IREndness end, IRLoadGOp cvt,
IRTemp dst, IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* alt,
IRExpr* guard );
/* ------------------ Statements ------------------ */
/* The different kinds of statements. Their meaning is explained
below in the comments for IRStmt.
Those marked META do not represent code, but rather extra
information about the code. These statements can be removed
without affecting the functional behaviour of the code, however
they are required by some IR consumers such as tools that
instrument the code.
*/
typedef
enum {
Ist_NoOp=0x1E00,
Ist_IMark, /* META */
Ist_AbiHint, /* META */
Ist_Put,
Ist_PutI,
Ist_WrTmp,
Ist_Store,
Ist_LoadG,
Ist_StoreG,
Ist_CAS,
Ist_LLSC,
Ist_Dirty,
Ist_MBE,
Ist_Exit
}
IRStmtTag;
/* A statement. Stored as a tagged union. 'tag' indicates what kind
of expression this is. 'Ist' is the union that holds the fields.
If an IRStmt 'st' has st.tag equal to Iex_Store, then it's a store
statement, and the fields can be accessed with
'st.Ist.Store.<fieldname>'.
For each kind of statement, we show what it looks like when
pretty-printed with ppIRStmt().
*/
typedef
struct _IRStmt {
IRStmtTag tag;
union {
/* A no-op (usually resulting from IR optimisation). Can be
omitted without any effect.
ppIRStmt output: IR-NoOp
*/
struct {
UInt dummy;
} NoOp;
/* META: instruction mark. Marks the start of the statements
that represent a single machine instruction (the end of
those statements is marked by the next IMark or the end of
the IRSB). Contains the address and length of the
instruction.
It also contains a delta value. The delta must be
subtracted from a guest program counter value before
attempting to establish, by comparison with the address
and length values, whether or not that program counter
value refers to this instruction. For x86, amd64, ppc32,
ppc64 and arm, the delta value is zero. For Thumb
instructions, the delta value is one. This is because, on
Thumb, guest PC values (guest_R15T) are encoded using the
top 31 bits of the instruction address and a 1 in the lsb;
hence they appear to be (numerically) 1 past the start of
the instruction they refer to. IOW, guest_R15T on ARM
holds a standard ARM interworking address.
ppIRStmt output: ------ IMark(<addr>, <len>, <delta>) ------,
eg. ------ IMark(0x4000792, 5, 0) ------,
*/
struct {
Addr addr; /* instruction address */
UInt len; /* instruction length */
UChar delta; /* addr = program counter as encoded in guest state
- delta */
} IMark;
/* META: An ABI hint, which says something about this
platform's ABI.
At the moment, the only AbiHint is one which indicates
that a given chunk of address space, [base .. base+len-1],
has become undefined. This is used on amd64-linux and
some ppc variants to pass stack-redzoning hints to whoever
wants to see them. It also indicates the address of the
next (dynamic) instruction that will be executed. This is
to help Memcheck to origin tracking.
ppIRStmt output: ====== AbiHint(<base>, <len>, <nia>) ======
eg. ====== AbiHint(t1, 16, t2) ======
*/
struct {
IRExpr* base; /* Start of undefined chunk */
Int len; /* Length of undefined chunk */
IRExpr* nia; /* Address of next (guest) insn */
} AbiHint;
/* Write a guest register, at a fixed offset in the guest state.
ppIRStmt output: PUT(<offset>) = <data>, eg. PUT(60) = t1
*/
struct {
Int offset; /* Offset into the guest state */
IRExpr* data; /* The value to write */
} Put;
/* Write a guest register, at a non-fixed offset in the guest
state. See the comment for GetI expressions for more
information.
ppIRStmt output: PUTI<descr>[<ix>,<bias>] = <data>,
eg. PUTI(64:8xF64)[t5,0] = t1
*/
struct {
IRPutI* details;
} PutI;
/* Assign a value to a temporary. Note that SSA rules require
each tmp is only assigned to once. IR sanity checking will
reject any block containing a temporary which is not assigned
to exactly once.
ppIRStmt output: t<tmp> = <data>, eg. t1 = 3
*/
struct {
IRTemp tmp; /* Temporary (LHS of assignment) */
IRExpr* data; /* Expression (RHS of assignment) */
} WrTmp;
/* Write a value to memory. This is a normal store, not a
Store-Conditional. To represent a Store-Conditional,
instead use IRStmt.LLSC.
ppIRStmt output: ST<end>(<addr>) = <data>, eg. STle(t1) = t2
*/
struct {
IREndness end; /* Endianness of the store */
IRExpr* addr; /* store address */
IRExpr* data; /* value to write */
} Store;
/* Guarded store. Note that this is defined to evaluate all
expression fields (addr, data) even if the guard evaluates
to false.
ppIRStmt output:
if (<guard>) ST<end>(<addr>) = <data> */
struct {
IRStoreG* details;
} StoreG;
/* Guarded load. Note that this is defined to evaluate all
expression fields (addr, alt) even if the guard evaluates
to false.
ppIRStmt output:
t<tmp> = if (<guard>) <cvt>(LD<end>(<addr>)) else <alt> */
struct {
IRLoadG* details;
} LoadG;
/* Do an atomic compare-and-swap operation. Semantics are
described above on a comment at the definition of IRCAS.
ppIRStmt output:
t<tmp> = CAS<end>(<addr> :: <expected> -> <new>)
eg
t1 = CASle(t2 :: t3->Add32(t3,1))
which denotes a 32-bit atomic increment
of a value at address t2
A double-element CAS may also be denoted, in which case <tmp>,
<expected> and <new> are all pairs of items, separated by
commas.
*/
struct {
IRCAS* details;
} CAS;
/* Either Load-Linked or Store-Conditional, depending on
STOREDATA.
If STOREDATA is NULL then this is a Load-Linked, meaning
that data is loaded from memory as normal, but a
'reservation' for the address is also lodged in the
hardware.
result = Load-Linked(addr, end)
The data transfer type is the type of RESULT (I32, I64,
etc). ppIRStmt output:
result = LD<end>-Linked(<addr>), eg. LDbe-Linked(t1)
If STOREDATA is not NULL then this is a Store-Conditional,
hence:
result = Store-Conditional(addr, storedata, end)
The data transfer type is the type of STOREDATA and RESULT
has type Ity_I1. The store may fail or succeed depending
on the state of a previously lodged reservation on this
address. RESULT is written 1 if the store succeeds and 0
if it fails. eg ppIRStmt output:
result = ( ST<end>-Cond(<addr>) = <storedata> )
eg t3 = ( STbe-Cond(t1, t2) )
In all cases, the address must be naturally aligned for
the transfer type -- any misaligned addresses should be
caught by a dominating IR check and side exit. This
alignment restriction exists because on at least some
LL/SC platforms (ppc), stwcx. etc will trap w/ SIGBUS on
misaligned addresses, and we have to actually generate
stwcx. on the host, and we don't want it trapping on the
host.
Summary of rules for transfer type:
STOREDATA == NULL (LL):
transfer type = type of RESULT
STOREDATA != NULL (SC):
transfer type = type of STOREDATA, and RESULT :: Ity_I1
*/
struct {
IREndness end;
IRTemp result;
IRExpr* addr;
IRExpr* storedata; /* NULL => LL, non-NULL => SC */
} LLSC;
/* Call (possibly conditionally) a C function that has side
effects (ie. is "dirty"). See the comments above the
IRDirty type declaration for more information.
ppIRStmt output:
t<tmp> = DIRTY <guard> <effects>
::: <callee>(<args>)
eg.
t1 = DIRTY t27 RdFX-gst(16,4) RdFX-gst(60,4)
::: foo{0x380035f4}(t2)
*/
struct {
IRDirty* details;
} Dirty;
/* A memory bus event - a fence, or acquisition/release of the
hardware bus lock. IR optimisation treats all these as fences
across which no memory references may be moved.
ppIRStmt output: MBusEvent-Fence,
MBusEvent-BusLock, MBusEvent-BusUnlock.
*/
struct {
IRMBusEvent event;
} MBE;
/* Conditional exit from the middle of an IRSB.
ppIRStmt output: if (<guard>) goto {<jk>} <dst>
eg. if (t69) goto {Boring} 0x4000AAA:I32
If <guard> is true, the guest state is also updated by
PUT-ing <dst> at <offsIP>. This is done because a
taken exit must update the guest program counter.
*/
struct {
IRExpr* guard; /* Conditional expression */
IRConst* dst; /* Jump target (constant only) */
IRJumpKind jk; /* Jump kind */
Int offsIP; /* Guest state offset for IP */
} Exit;
} Ist;
}
IRStmt;
/* Statement constructors. */
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_NoOp ( void );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_IMark ( Addr addr, UInt len, UChar delta );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_AbiHint ( IRExpr* base, Int len, IRExpr* nia );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_Put ( Int off, IRExpr* data );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_PutI ( IRPutI* details );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_WrTmp ( IRTemp tmp, IRExpr* data );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_Store ( IREndness end, IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* data );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_StoreG ( IREndness end, IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* data,
IRExpr* guard );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_LoadG ( IREndness end, IRLoadGOp cvt, IRTemp dst,
IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* alt, IRExpr* guard );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_CAS ( IRCAS* details );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_LLSC ( IREndness end, IRTemp result,
IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* storedata );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_Dirty ( IRDirty* details );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_MBE ( IRMBusEvent event );
extern IRStmt* IRStmt_Exit ( IRExpr* guard, IRJumpKind jk, IRConst* dst,
Int offsIP );
/* Deep-copy an IRStmt. */
extern IRStmt* deepCopyIRStmt ( const IRStmt* );
/* Pretty-print an IRStmt. */
extern void ppIRStmt ( const IRStmt* );
/* ------------------ Basic Blocks ------------------ */
/* Type environments: a bunch of statements, expressions, etc, are
incomplete without an environment indicating the type of each
IRTemp. So this provides one. IR temporaries are really just
unsigned ints and so this provides an array, 0 .. n_types_used-1 of
them.
*/
typedef
struct {
IRType* types;
Int types_size;
Int types_used;
}
IRTypeEnv;
/* Obtain a new IRTemp */
extern IRTemp newIRTemp ( IRTypeEnv*, IRType );
/* Deep-copy a type environment */
extern IRTypeEnv* deepCopyIRTypeEnv ( const IRTypeEnv* );
/* Pretty-print a type environment */
extern void ppIRTypeEnv ( const IRTypeEnv* );
/* Code blocks, which in proper compiler terminology are superblocks
(single entry, multiple exit code sequences) contain:
- A table giving a type for each temp (the "type environment")
- An expandable array of statements
- An expression of type 32 or 64 bits, depending on the
guest's word size, indicating the next destination if the block
executes all the way to the end, without a side exit
- An indication of any special actions (JumpKind) needed
for this final jump.
- Offset of the IP field in the guest state. This will be
updated before the final jump is done.
"IRSB" stands for "IR Super Block".
*/
typedef
struct {
IRTypeEnv* tyenv;
IRStmt** stmts;
Int stmts_size;
Int stmts_used;
IRExpr* next;
IRJumpKind jumpkind;
Int offsIP;
}
IRSB;
/* Allocate a new, uninitialised IRSB */
extern IRSB* emptyIRSB ( void );
/* Deep-copy an IRSB */
extern IRSB* deepCopyIRSB ( const IRSB* );
/* Deep-copy an IRSB, except for the statements list, which set to be
a new, empty, list of statements. */
extern IRSB* deepCopyIRSBExceptStmts ( const IRSB* );
/* Pretty-print an IRSB */
extern void ppIRSB ( const IRSB* );
/* Append an IRStmt to an IRSB */
extern void addStmtToIRSB ( IRSB*, IRStmt* );
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Helper functions for the IR ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* For messing with IR type environments */
extern IRTypeEnv* emptyIRTypeEnv ( void );
/* What is the type of this expression? */
extern IRType typeOfIRConst ( const IRConst* );
extern IRType typeOfIRTemp ( const IRTypeEnv*, IRTemp );
extern IRType typeOfIRExpr ( const IRTypeEnv*, const IRExpr* );
/* What are the arg and result type for this IRLoadGOp? */
extern void typeOfIRLoadGOp ( IRLoadGOp cvt,
/*OUT*/IRType* t_res,
/*OUT*/IRType* t_arg );
/* Sanity check a BB of IR */
extern void sanityCheckIRSB ( const IRSB* bb,
const HChar* caller,
Bool require_flatness,
IRType guest_word_size );
extern Bool isFlatIRStmt ( const IRStmt* );
/* Is this any value actually in the enumeration 'IRType' ? */
extern Bool isPlausibleIRType ( IRType ty );
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- IR injection ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
void vex_inject_ir(IRSB *, IREndness);
#endif /* ndef __LIBVEX_IR_H */
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- libvex_ir.h ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------------------*/