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#
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
# contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
# (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
# the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
#
"""Pipeline, the top-level Beam object.
A pipeline holds a DAG of data transforms. Conceptually the nodes of the DAG
are transforms (:class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform` objects)
and the edges are values (mostly :class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PCollection`
objects). The transforms take as inputs one or more PValues and output one or
more :class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PValue` s.
The pipeline offers functionality to traverse the graph. The actual operation
to be executed for each node visited is specified through a runner object.
Typical usage::
# Create a pipeline object using a local runner for execution.
with beam.Pipeline('DirectRunner') as p:
# Add to the pipeline a "Create" transform. When executed this
# transform will produce a PCollection object with the specified values.
pcoll = p | 'Create' >> beam.Create([1, 2, 3])
# Another transform could be applied to pcoll, e.g., writing to a text file.
# For other transforms, refer to transforms/ directory.
pcoll | 'Write' >> beam.io.WriteToText('./output')
# run() will execute the DAG stored in the pipeline. The execution of the
# nodes visited is done using the specified local runner.
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
import abc
import logging
import os
import re
import shutil
import tempfile
from builtins import object
from builtins import zip
from future.utils import with_metaclass
from apache_beam import pvalue
from apache_beam.internal import pickler
from apache_beam.io.filesystems import FileSystems
from apache_beam.options.pipeline_options import DebugOptions
from apache_beam.options.pipeline_options import PipelineOptions
from apache_beam.options.pipeline_options import SetupOptions
from apache_beam.options.pipeline_options import StandardOptions
from apache_beam.options.pipeline_options import TypeOptions
from apache_beam.options.pipeline_options_validator import PipelineOptionsValidator
from apache_beam.portability import common_urns
from apache_beam.pvalue import PCollection
from apache_beam.pvalue import PDone
from apache_beam.runners import PipelineRunner
from apache_beam.runners import create_runner
from apache_beam.transforms import ptransform
from apache_beam.typehints import TypeCheckError
from apache_beam.typehints import typehints
from apache_beam.utils.annotations import deprecated
__all__ = ['Pipeline', 'PTransformOverride']
class Pipeline(object):
"""A pipeline object that manages a DAG of
:class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PValue` s and their
:class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform` s.
Conceptually the :class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PValue` s are the DAG's nodes and
the :class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform` s computing
the :class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PValue` s are the edges.
All the transforms applied to the pipeline must have distinct full labels.
If same transform instance needs to be applied then the right shift operator
should be used to designate new names
(e.g. ``input | "label" >> my_tranform``).
"""
def __init__(self, runner=None, options=None, argv=None):
"""Initialize a pipeline object.
Args:
runner (~apache_beam.runners.runner.PipelineRunner): An object of
type :class:`~apache_beam.runners.runner.PipelineRunner` that will be
used to execute the pipeline. For registered runners, the runner name
can be specified, otherwise a runner object must be supplied.
options (~apache_beam.options.pipeline_options.PipelineOptions):
A configured
:class:`~apache_beam.options.pipeline_options.PipelineOptions` object
containing arguments that should be used for running the Beam job.
argv (List[str]): a list of arguments (such as :data:`sys.argv`)
to be used for building a
:class:`~apache_beam.options.pipeline_options.PipelineOptions` object.
This will only be used if argument **options** is :data:`None`.
Raises:
~exceptions.ValueError: if either the runner or options argument is not
of the expected type.
"""
if options is not None:
if isinstance(options, PipelineOptions):
self._options = options
else:
raise ValueError(
'Parameter options, if specified, must be of type PipelineOptions. '
'Received : %r' % options)
elif argv is not None:
if isinstance(argv, list):
self._options = PipelineOptions(argv)
else:
raise ValueError(
'Parameter argv, if specified, must be a list. Received : %r'
% argv)
else:
self._options = PipelineOptions([])
FileSystems.set_options(self._options)
if runner is None:
runner = self._options.view_as(StandardOptions).runner
if runner is None:
runner = StandardOptions.DEFAULT_RUNNER
logging.info(('Missing pipeline option (runner). Executing pipeline '
'using the default runner: %s.'), runner)
if isinstance(runner, str):
runner = create_runner(runner)
elif not isinstance(runner, PipelineRunner):
raise TypeError('Runner must be a PipelineRunner object or the '
'name of a registered runner.')
# Validate pipeline options
errors = PipelineOptionsValidator(self._options, runner).validate()
if errors:
raise ValueError(
'Pipeline has validations errors: \n' + '\n'.join(errors))
# set default experiments for portable runner
# (needs to occur prior to pipeline construction)
if self._options.view_as(StandardOptions).runner == 'PortableRunner':
experiments = (self._options.view_as(DebugOptions).experiments or [])
if not 'beam_fn_api' in experiments:
experiments.append('beam_fn_api')
self._options.view_as(DebugOptions).experiments = experiments
# Default runner to be used.
self.runner = runner
# Stack of transforms generated by nested apply() calls. The stack will
# contain a root node as an enclosing (parent) node for top transforms.
self.transforms_stack = [AppliedPTransform(None, None, '', None)]
# Set of transform labels (full labels) applied to the pipeline.
# If a transform is applied and the full label is already in the set
# then the transform will have to be cloned with a new label.
self.applied_labels = set()
@property
@deprecated(since='First stable release',
extra_message='References to <pipeline>.options'
' will not be supported')
def options(self):
return self._options
def _current_transform(self):
"""Returns the transform currently on the top of the stack."""
return self.transforms_stack[-1]
def _root_transform(self):
"""Returns the root transform of the transform stack."""
return self.transforms_stack[0]
def _remove_labels_recursively(self, applied_transform):
for part in applied_transform.parts:
if part.full_label in self.applied_labels:
self.applied_labels.remove(part.full_label)
self._remove_labels_recursively(part)
def _replace(self, override):
assert isinstance(override, PTransformOverride)
output_map = {}
output_replacements = {}
input_replacements = {}
side_input_replacements = {}
class TransformUpdater(PipelineVisitor): # pylint: disable=used-before-assignment
""""A visitor that replaces the matching PTransforms."""
def __init__(self, pipeline):
self.pipeline = pipeline
def _replace_if_needed(self, original_transform_node):
if override.matches(original_transform_node):
assert isinstance(original_transform_node, AppliedPTransform)
replacement_transform = override.get_replacement_transform(
original_transform_node.transform)
if replacement_transform is original_transform_node.transform:
return
replacement_transform_node = AppliedPTransform(
original_transform_node.parent, replacement_transform,
original_transform_node.full_label,
original_transform_node.inputs)
# Transform execution could depend on order in which nodes are
# considered. Hence we insert the replacement transform node to same
# index as the original transform node. Note that this operation
# removes the original transform node.
if original_transform_node.parent:
assert isinstance(original_transform_node.parent, AppliedPTransform)
parent_parts = original_transform_node.parent.parts
parent_parts[parent_parts.index(original_transform_node)] = (
replacement_transform_node)
else:
# Original transform has to be a root.
roots = self.pipeline.transforms_stack[0].parts
assert original_transform_node in roots
roots[roots.index(original_transform_node)] = (
replacement_transform_node)
inputs = replacement_transform_node.inputs
# TODO: Support replacing PTransforms with multiple inputs.
if len(inputs) > 1:
raise NotImplementedError(
'PTransform overriding is only supported for PTransforms that '
'have a single input. Tried to replace input of '
'AppliedPTransform %r that has %d inputs'
% original_transform_node, len(inputs))
elif len(inputs) == 1:
input_node = inputs[0]
elif len(inputs) == 0:
input_node = pvalue.PBegin(self)
# We have to add the new AppliedTransform to the stack before expand()
# and pop it out later to make sure that parts get added correctly.
self.pipeline.transforms_stack.append(replacement_transform_node)
# Keeping the same label for the replaced node but recursively
# removing labels of child transforms of original transform since they
# will be replaced during the expand below. This is needed in case
# the replacement contains children that have labels that conflicts
# with labels of the children of the original.
self.pipeline._remove_labels_recursively(original_transform_node)
new_output = replacement_transform.expand(input_node)
new_output.element_type = None
self.pipeline._infer_result_type(replacement_transform, inputs,
new_output)
replacement_transform_node.add_output(new_output)
if not new_output.producer:
new_output.producer = replacement_transform_node
# We only support replacing transforms with a single output with
# another transform that produces a single output.
# TODO: Support replacing PTransforms with multiple outputs.
if (len(original_transform_node.outputs) > 1 or
not isinstance(original_transform_node.outputs[None],
(PCollection, PDone)) or
not isinstance(new_output, (PCollection, PDone))):
raise NotImplementedError(
'PTransform overriding is only supported for PTransforms that '
'have a single output. Tried to replace output of '
'AppliedPTransform %r with %r.'
% (original_transform_node, new_output))
# Recording updated outputs. This cannot be done in the same visitor
# since if we dynamically update output type here, we'll run into
# errors when visiting child nodes.
output_map[original_transform_node.outputs[None]] = new_output
self.pipeline.transforms_stack.pop()
def enter_composite_transform(self, transform_node):
self._replace_if_needed(transform_node)
def visit_transform(self, transform_node):
self._replace_if_needed(transform_node)
self.visit(TransformUpdater(self))
# Adjusting inputs and outputs
class InputOutputUpdater(PipelineVisitor): # pylint: disable=used-before-assignment
""""A visitor that records input and output values to be replaced.
Input and output values that should be updated are recorded in maps
input_replacements and output_replacements respectively.
We cannot update input and output values while visiting since that results
in validation errors.
"""
def __init__(self, pipeline):
self.pipeline = pipeline
def enter_composite_transform(self, transform_node):
self.visit_transform(transform_node)
def visit_transform(self, transform_node):
if (None in transform_node.outputs and
transform_node.outputs[None] in output_map):
output_replacements[transform_node] = (
output_map[transform_node.outputs[None]])
replace_input = False
for input in transform_node.inputs:
if input in output_map:
replace_input = True
break
replace_side_inputs = False
for side_input in transform_node.side_inputs:
if side_input.pvalue in output_map:
replace_side_inputs = True
break
if replace_input:
new_input = [
input if not input in output_map else output_map[input]
for input in transform_node.inputs]
input_replacements[transform_node] = new_input
if replace_side_inputs:
new_side_inputs = []
for side_input in transform_node.side_inputs:
if side_input.pvalue in output_map:
side_input.pvalue = output_map[side_input.pvalue]
new_side_inputs.append(side_input)
else:
new_side_inputs.append(side_input)
side_input_replacements[transform_node] = new_side_inputs
self.visit(InputOutputUpdater(self))
for transform in output_replacements:
transform.replace_output(output_replacements[transform])
for transform in input_replacements:
transform.inputs = input_replacements[transform]
for transform in side_input_replacements:
transform.side_inputs = side_input_replacements[transform]
def _check_replacement(self, override):
class ReplacementValidator(PipelineVisitor):
def visit_transform(self, transform_node):
if override.matches(transform_node):
raise RuntimeError('Transform node %r was not replaced as expected.'
% transform_node)
self.visit(ReplacementValidator())
def replace_all(self, replacements):
""" Dynamically replaces PTransforms in the currently populated hierarchy.
Currently this only works for replacements where input and output types
are exactly the same.
TODO: Update this to also work for transform overrides where input and
output types are different.
Args:
replacements (List[~apache_beam.pipeline.PTransformOverride]): a list of
:class:`~apache_beam.pipeline.PTransformOverride` objects.
"""
for override in replacements:
assert isinstance(override, PTransformOverride)
self._replace(override)
# Checking if the PTransforms have been successfully replaced. This will
# result in a failure if a PTransform that was replaced in a given override
# gets re-added in a subsequent override. This is not allowed and ordering
# of PTransformOverride objects in 'replacements' is important.
for override in replacements:
self._check_replacement(override)
def run(self, test_runner_api=True):
"""Runs the pipeline. Returns whatever our runner returns after running."""
# When possible, invoke a round trip through the runner API.
if test_runner_api and self._verify_runner_api_compatible():
return Pipeline.from_runner_api(
self.to_runner_api(use_fake_coders=True),
self.runner,
self._options).run(False)
if self._options.view_as(TypeOptions).runtime_type_check:
from apache_beam.typehints import typecheck
self.visit(typecheck.TypeCheckVisitor())
if self._options.view_as(SetupOptions).save_main_session:
# If this option is chosen, verify we can pickle the main session early.
tmpdir = tempfile.mkdtemp()
try:
pickler.dump_session(os.path.join(tmpdir, 'main_session.pickle'))
finally:
shutil.rmtree(tmpdir)
return self.runner.run_pipeline(self)
def __enter__(self):
return self
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb):
if not exc_type:
self.run().wait_until_finish()
def visit(self, visitor):
"""Visits depth-first every node of a pipeline's DAG.
Runner-internal implementation detail; no backwards-compatibility guarantees
Args:
visitor (~apache_beam.pipeline.PipelineVisitor):
:class:`~apache_beam.pipeline.PipelineVisitor` object whose callbacks
will be called for each node visited. See
:class:`~apache_beam.pipeline.PipelineVisitor` comments.
Raises:
~exceptions.TypeError: if node is specified and is not a
:class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PValue`.
~apache_beam.error.PipelineError: if node is specified and does not
belong to this pipeline instance.
"""
visited = set()
self._root_transform().visit(visitor, self, visited)
def apply(self, transform, pvalueish=None, label=None):
"""Applies a custom transform using the pvalueish specified.
Args:
transform (~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform): the
:class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform` to apply.
pvalueish (~apache_beam.pvalue.PCollection): the input for the
:class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform` (typically a
:class:`~apache_beam.pvalue.PCollection`).
label (str): label of the
:class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform`.
Raises:
~exceptions.TypeError: if the transform object extracted from the
argument list is not a
:class:`~apache_beam.transforms.ptransform.PTransform`.
~exceptions.RuntimeError: if the transform object was already applied to
this pipeline and needs to be cloned in order to apply again.
"""
if isinstance(transform, ptransform._NamedPTransform):
return self.apply(transform.transform, pvalueish,
label or transform.label)
if not isinstance(transform, ptransform.PTransform):
raise TypeError("Expected a PTransform object, got %s" % transform)
if label:
# Fix self.label as it is inspected by some PTransform operations
# (e.g. to produce error messages for type hint violations).
try:
old_label, transform.label = transform.label, label
return self.apply(transform, pvalueish)
finally:
transform.label = old_label
full_label = '/'.join([self._current_transform().full_label,
label or transform.label]).lstrip('/')
if full_label in self.applied_labels:
raise RuntimeError(
'Transform "%s" does not have a stable unique label. '
'This will prevent updating of pipelines. '
'To apply a transform with a specified label write '
'pvalue | "label" >> transform'
% full_label)
self.applied_labels.add(full_label)
pvalueish, inputs = transform._extract_input_pvalues(pvalueish)
try:
inputs = tuple(inputs)
for leaf_input in inputs:
if not isinstance(leaf_input, pvalue.PValue):
raise TypeError
except TypeError:
raise NotImplementedError(
'Unable to extract PValue inputs from %s; either %s does not accept '
'inputs of this format, or it does not properly override '
'_extract_input_pvalues' % (pvalueish, transform))
current = AppliedPTransform(
self._current_transform(), transform, full_label, inputs)
self._current_transform().add_part(current)
self.transforms_stack.append(current)
type_options = self._options.view_as(TypeOptions)
if type_options.pipeline_type_check:
transform.type_check_inputs(pvalueish)
pvalueish_result = self.runner.apply(transform, pvalueish)
if type_options is not None and type_options.pipeline_type_check:
transform.type_check_outputs(pvalueish_result)
for result in ptransform.get_nested_pvalues(pvalueish_result):
assert isinstance(result, (pvalue.PValue, pvalue.DoOutputsTuple))
# Make sure we set the producer only for a leaf node in the transform DAG.
# This way we preserve the last transform of a composite transform as
# being the real producer of the result.
if result.producer is None:
result.producer = current
self._infer_result_type(transform, inputs, result)
assert isinstance(result.producer.inputs, tuple)
current.add_output(result)
if (type_options is not None and
type_options.type_check_strictness == 'ALL_REQUIRED' and
transform.get_type_hints().output_types is None):
ptransform_name = '%s(%s)' % (transform.__class__.__name__, full_label)
raise TypeCheckError('Pipeline type checking is enabled, however no '
'output type-hint was found for the '
'PTransform %s' % ptransform_name)
self.transforms_stack.pop()
return pvalueish_result
def _infer_result_type(self, transform, inputs, result_pcollection):
# TODO(robertwb): Multi-input, multi-output inference.
# TODO(robertwb): Ideally we'd do intersection here.
type_options = self._options.view_as(TypeOptions)
if (type_options is not None and type_options.pipeline_type_check
and isinstance(result_pcollection, pvalue.PCollection)
and not result_pcollection.element_type):
input_element_type = (
inputs[0].element_type
if len(inputs) == 1
else typehints.Any)
type_hints = transform.get_type_hints()
declared_output_type = type_hints.simple_output_type(transform.label)
if declared_output_type:
input_types = type_hints.input_types
if input_types and input_types[0]:
declared_input_type = input_types[0][0]
result_pcollection.element_type = typehints.bind_type_variables(
declared_output_type,
typehints.match_type_variables(declared_input_type,
input_element_type))
else:
result_pcollection.element_type = declared_output_type
else:
result_pcollection.element_type = transform.infer_output_type(
input_element_type)
def __reduce__(self):
# Some transforms contain a reference to their enclosing pipeline,
# which in turn reference all other transforms (resulting in quadratic
# time/space to pickle each transform individually). As we don't
# require pickled pipelines to be executable, break the chain here.
return str, ('Pickled pipeline stub.',)
def _verify_runner_api_compatible(self):
if self._options.view_as(TypeOptions).runtime_type_check:
# This option is incompatible with the runner API as it requires
# the runner to inspect non-serialized hints on the transform
# itself.
return False
class Visitor(PipelineVisitor): # pylint: disable=used-before-assignment
ok = True # Really a nonlocal.
def enter_composite_transform(self, transform_node):
pass
def visit_transform(self, transform_node):
try:
# Transforms must be picklable.
pickler.loads(pickler.dumps(transform_node.transform,
enable_trace=False),
enable_trace=False)
except Exception:
Visitor.ok = False
def visit_value(self, value, _):
if isinstance(value, pvalue.PDone):
Visitor.ok = False
self.visit(Visitor())
return Visitor.ok
def to_runner_api(
self, return_context=False, context=None, use_fake_coders=False):
"""For internal use only; no backwards-compatibility guarantees."""
from apache_beam.runners import pipeline_context
from apache_beam.portability.api import beam_runner_api_pb2
if context is None:
context = pipeline_context.PipelineContext(
use_fake_coders=use_fake_coders)
# The RunnerAPI spec requires certain transforms to have KV inputs
# (and corresponding outputs).
# Currently we only upgrade to KV pairs. If there is a need for more
# general shapes, potential conflicts will have to be resolved.
# We also only handle single-input, and (for fixing the output) single
# output, which is sufficient.
class ForceKvInputTypes(PipelineVisitor):
def enter_composite_transform(self, transform_node):
self.visit_transform(transform_node)
def visit_transform(self, transform_node):
if (transform_node.transform
and transform_node.transform.runner_api_requires_keyed_input()):
pcoll = transform_node.inputs[0]
pcoll.element_type = typehints.coerce_to_kv_type(
pcoll.element_type, transform_node.full_label)
if len(transform_node.outputs) == 1:
# The runner often has expectations about the output types as well.
output, = transform_node.outputs.values()
output.element_type = transform_node.transform.infer_output_type(
pcoll.element_type)
self.visit(ForceKvInputTypes())
# Mutates context; placing inline would force dependence on
# argument evaluation order.
root_transform_id = context.transforms.get_id(self._root_transform())
proto = beam_runner_api_pb2.Pipeline(
root_transform_ids=[root_transform_id],
components=context.to_runner_api())
proto.components.transforms[root_transform_id].unique_name = (
root_transform_id)
if return_context:
return proto, context
else:
return proto
@staticmethod
def from_runner_api(proto, runner, options, return_context=False):
"""For internal use only; no backwards-compatibility guarantees."""
p = Pipeline(runner=runner, options=options)
from apache_beam.runners import pipeline_context
context = pipeline_context.PipelineContext(proto.components)
root_transform_id, = proto.root_transform_ids
p.transforms_stack = [
context.transforms.get_by_id(root_transform_id)]
# TODO(robertwb): These are only needed to continue construction. Omit?
p.applied_labels = set([
t.unique_name for t in proto.components.transforms.values()])
for id in proto.components.pcollections:
pcollection = context.pcollections.get_by_id(id)
pcollection.pipeline = p
if not pcollection.producer:
raise ValueError('No producer for %s' % id)
# Inject PBegin input where necessary.
from apache_beam.io.iobase import Read
from apache_beam.transforms.core import Create
has_pbegin = [Read, Create]
for id in proto.components.transforms:
transform = context.transforms.get_by_id(id)
if not transform.inputs and transform.transform.__class__ in has_pbegin:
transform.inputs = (pvalue.PBegin(p),)
if return_context:
return p, context
else:
return p
class PipelineVisitor(object):
"""For internal use only; no backwards-compatibility guarantees.
Visitor pattern class used to traverse a DAG of transforms
(used internally by Pipeline for bookeeping purposes).
"""
def visit_value(self, value, producer_node):
"""Callback for visiting a PValue in the pipeline DAG.
Args:
value: PValue visited (typically a PCollection instance).
producer_node: AppliedPTransform object whose transform produced the
pvalue.
"""
pass
def visit_transform(self, transform_node):
"""Callback for visiting a transform leaf node in the pipeline DAG."""
pass
def enter_composite_transform(self, transform_node):
"""Callback for entering traversal of a composite transform node."""
pass
def leave_composite_transform(self, transform_node):
"""Callback for leaving traversal of a composite transform node."""
pass
class AppliedPTransform(object):
"""For internal use only; no backwards-compatibility guarantees.
A transform node representing an instance of applying a PTransform
(used internally by Pipeline for bookeeping purposes).
"""
def __init__(self, parent, transform, full_label, inputs):
self.parent = parent
self.transform = transform
# Note that we want the PipelineVisitor classes to use the full_label,
# inputs, side_inputs, and outputs fields from this instance instead of the
# ones of the PTransform instance associated with it. Doing this permits
# reusing PTransform instances in different contexts (apply() calls) without
# any interference. This is particularly useful for composite transforms.
self.full_label = full_label
self.inputs = inputs or ()
self.side_inputs = () if transform is None else tuple(transform.side_inputs)
self.outputs = {}
self.parts = []
def __repr__(self):
return "%s(%s, %s)" % (self.__class__.__name__, self.full_label,
type(self.transform).__name__)
def replace_output(self, output, tag=None):
"""Replaces the output defined by the given tag with the given output.
Args:
output: replacement output
tag: tag of the output to be replaced.
"""
if isinstance(output, pvalue.DoOutputsTuple):
self.replace_output(output[output._main_tag])
elif isinstance(output, pvalue.PValue):
self.outputs[tag] = output
else:
raise TypeError("Unexpected output type: %s" % output)
def add_output(self, output, tag=None):
if isinstance(output, pvalue.DoOutputsTuple):
self.add_output(output[output._main_tag])
elif isinstance(output, pvalue.PValue):
# TODO(BEAM-1833): Require tags when calling this method.
if tag is None and None in self.outputs:
tag = len(self.outputs)
assert tag not in self.outputs
self.outputs[tag] = output
else:
raise TypeError("Unexpected output type: %s" % output)
def add_part(self, part):
assert isinstance(part, AppliedPTransform)
self.parts.append(part)
def is_composite(self):
"""Returns whether this is a composite transform.
A composite transform has parts (inner transforms) or isn't the
producer for any of its outputs. (An example of a transform that
is not a producer is one that returns its inputs instead.)
"""
return bool(self.parts) or all(
pval.producer is not self for pval in self.outputs.values())
def visit(self, visitor, pipeline, visited):
"""Visits all nodes reachable from the current node."""
for pval in self.inputs:
if pval not in visited and not isinstance(pval, pvalue.PBegin):
assert pval.producer is not None
pval.producer.visit(visitor, pipeline, visited)
# The value should be visited now since we visit outputs too.
assert pval in visited, pval
# Visit side inputs.
for pval in self.side_inputs:
if isinstance(pval, pvalue.AsSideInput) and pval.pvalue not in visited:
pval = pval.pvalue # Unpack marker-object-wrapped pvalue.
assert pval.producer is not None
pval.producer.visit(visitor, pipeline, visited)
# The value should be visited now since we visit outputs too.
assert pval in visited
# TODO(silviuc): Is there a way to signal that we are visiting a side
# value? The issue is that the same PValue can be reachable through
# multiple paths and therefore it is not guaranteed that the value
# will be visited as a side value.
# Visit a composite or primitive transform.
if self.is_composite():
visitor.enter_composite_transform(self)
for part in self.parts:
part.visit(visitor, pipeline, visited)
visitor.leave_composite_transform(self)
else:
visitor.visit_transform(self)
# Visit the outputs (one or more). It is essential to mark as visited the
# tagged PCollections of the DoOutputsTuple object. A tagged PCollection is
# connected directly with its producer (a multi-output ParDo), but the
# output of such a transform is the containing DoOutputsTuple, not the
# PCollection inside it. Without the code below a tagged PCollection will
# not be marked as visited while visiting its producer.
for pval in self.outputs.values():
if isinstance(pval, pvalue.DoOutputsTuple):
pvals = (v for v in pval)
else:
pvals = (pval,)
for v in pvals:
if v not in visited:
visited.add(v)
visitor.visit_value(v, self)
def named_inputs(self):
# TODO(BEAM-1833): Push names up into the sdk construction.
main_inputs = {str(ix): input
for ix, input in enumerate(self.inputs)
if isinstance(input, pvalue.PCollection)}
side_inputs = {'side%s' % ix: si.pvalue
for ix, si in enumerate(self.side_inputs)}
return dict(main_inputs, **side_inputs)
def named_outputs(self):
return {str(tag): output for tag, output in self.outputs.items()
if isinstance(output, pvalue.PCollection)}
def to_runner_api(self, context):
from apache_beam.portability.api import beam_runner_api_pb2
def transform_to_runner_api(transform, context):
if transform is None:
return None
else:
return transform.to_runner_api(context, has_parts=bool(self.parts))
return beam_runner_api_pb2.PTransform(
unique_name=self.full_label,
spec=transform_to_runner_api(self.transform, context),
subtransforms=[context.transforms.get_id(part, label=part.full_label)
for part in self.parts],
inputs={tag: context.pcollections.get_id(pc)
for tag, pc in self.named_inputs().items()},
outputs={str(tag): context.pcollections.get_id(out)
for tag, out in self.named_outputs().items()},
# TODO(BEAM-115): display_data
display_data=None)
@staticmethod
def from_runner_api(proto, context):
def is_side_input(tag):
# As per named_inputs() above.
return tag.startswith('side')
main_inputs = [context.pcollections.get_by_id(id)
for tag, id in proto.inputs.items()
if not is_side_input(tag)]
# Ordering is important here.
indexed_side_inputs = [(int(re.match('side([0-9]+)(-.*)?$', tag).group(1)),
context.pcollections.get_by_id(id))
for tag, id in proto.inputs.items()
if is_side_input(tag)]
side_inputs = [si for _, si in sorted(indexed_side_inputs)]
result = AppliedPTransform(
parent=None,
transform=ptransform.PTransform.from_runner_api(proto.spec, context),
full_label=proto.unique_name,
inputs=main_inputs)
if result.transform and result.transform.side_inputs:
for si, pcoll in zip(result.transform.side_inputs, side_inputs):
si.pvalue = pcoll
result.side_inputs = tuple(result.transform.side_inputs)
result.parts = []
for transform_id in proto.subtransforms:
part = context.transforms.get_by_id(transform_id)
part.parent = result
result.parts.append(part)
result.outputs = {
None if tag == 'None' else tag: context.pcollections.get_by_id(id)
for tag, id in proto.outputs.items()}
# This annotation is expected by some runners.
if proto.spec.urn == common_urns.primitives.PAR_DO.urn:
result.transform.output_tags = set(proto.outputs.keys()).difference(
{'None'})
if not result.parts:
for tag, pcoll_id in proto.outputs.items():
if pcoll_id not in proto.inputs.values():
pc = context.pcollections.get_by_id(pcoll_id)
pc.producer = result
pc.tag = None if tag == 'None' else tag
return result
class PTransformOverride(with_metaclass(abc.ABCMeta, object)):
"""For internal use only; no backwards-compatibility guarantees.
Gives a matcher and replacements for matching PTransforms.
TODO: Update this to support cases where input and/our output types are
different.
"""
@abc.abstractmethod
def matches(self, applied_ptransform):
"""Determines whether the given AppliedPTransform matches.
Note that the matching will happen *after* Runner API proto translation.
If matching is done via type checks, to/from_runner_api[_parameter] methods
must be implemented to preserve the type (and other data) through proto
serialization.
Consider URN-based translation instead.
Args:
applied_ptransform: AppliedPTransform to be matched.
Returns:
a bool indicating whether the given AppliedPTransform is a match.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
@abc.abstractmethod
def get_replacement_transform(self, ptransform):
"""Provides a runner specific override for a given PTransform.
Args:
ptransform: PTransform to be replaced.
Returns:
A PTransform that will be the replacement for the PTransform given as an
argument.
"""
# Returns a PTransformReplacement
raise NotImplementedError