What is Aura?
Aura is a package manager for Arch Linux. It's main purpose is as an "AUR helper", in that it automates the process of installating packages from the Arch User Repositories. It is, however, capable of much more.
The Aura Philosophy
Aura is Pacman
Aura doesn't just mimic pacman... it is pacman. All pacman operations and their sub-options are allowed. Some even hold special meaning in Aura as well.
Arch is Arch. AUR is AUR.
-S yields pacman packages and only pacman packages. This agrees with
the above. Thus in aura, the
-A operation is introduced for obtaining
-A comes with sub-options you're used to (
Dependencies and packages are not built and installed one at a time. Install order is as follows: 1. All pacman (ABS) dependencies (all at once). 2. All AUR dependencies (one at a time). 3. All AUR packages (all at once).
makepkg output is suppressed. If you want the people
behind you to think you're a badass hacker, then this suppression
can be disabled by using
Run as Root, Build as a User
makepkg gets very upset if you try to build a package as root.
That said, a built package can't be handed off to pacman and installed
if you don't run as root. Other AUR helpers ignore this problem,
but Aura does not. Even when run with
sudo, packages are built
with normal user privilages, then handed to pacman and installed as root.
Know your System
Editing PKGBUILDs mid-build is not default behaviour.
An Arch user should know exactly what they're putting into their system,
thus research into prospective packages should be done beforehand.
However, for functionality's sake, the option
--hotedit used with
will prompt the user for PKGBUILD editing. Regardless, as a responsible
user you must know what you are building.
Built AUR package files are moved to the package cache.
This allows for them to be easily downgraded when problems arise.
Other top AUR helper programs do not do this.
--restore aid you during system breakage.
Sometimes dependencies lose their required status, but remain installed on your system. Sometimes AUR package "makedepends" aren't required at all after install. Packages like this just sit there, receiving upgrades for no reason. Aura helps keep track of and remove packages like this.
Arch Linux for Everyone
English is well established as the world's Lingua Franca, and is also the dominant language of computing and the internet. That said, it's natural that some people are going to be more comfortable working in their native language. From the beginning Aura has been built with multiple-language support in mind, making it very easy to add new ones.
Aura is written in Haskell, which means easy developing and pretty code. Please feel free to use it as a simple Haskell reference. Aura code demonstrates:
- CLI flag handling
- Monad Transformers
- usage of Parsec
New with Aura 1.2
Build a repository package manually:
aura -M (package)
Build a repository package and all its dependencies manually:
aura -M (package) --absdeps
Sync a single package's data to the local ABS Tree:
aura -Mt (package)
Sync all package data in the local ABS Tree:
Remove only those package files from the cache that aren't present in any package record:
Install an AUR package:
aura -A (package)
Author's favourite (upgrades, removes make deps, shows PKGBUILD diffs):
Just upgrade all installed AUR packages (works with
Look up information on an AUR package:
aura -Ai (package)
Search the AUR via a regex:
aura -As (regex)
Display an AUR package's PKGBUILD:
aura -Ap (package)
Display an AUR package's dependencies (and those deps' deps too):
aura -Ad (package)
Install with makepkg output unsuppressed:
aura -Ax (package)
Install and remove make dependencies afterwards:
aura -Aa (package)
Install and show PKGBUILD differences:
aura -Ak (package)
Working with Package Records
Store a record of all installed packages:
Restore a saved record. Rolls back, uninstalls, and reinstalls packages as necessary:
Working with the Package Cache
Downgrade a package (this is interactive):
aura -C (package)
Search the package cache for package files via a regex:
aura -Cs (regex)
Backup the package cache:
aura -Cb (/path/to/backup/location/)
Reduce the package cache to contain only 'x' of each package file:
aura -Cc x
Working with the Pacman Log
Display install / upgrade history for a package:
aura -Li (package)
Search the pacman logfile via a regex:
aura -Ls (regex)
Working with Orphan Packages
Display orphan packages:
Adopt an orphan package:
aura -O (package)
Uninstall all orphan packages:
More information is available in aura's manpage.
As mentioned in the Philosophy above, adding new languages to Aura is quite easy. If you speak a language other than those available and would like it added to Aura, please consult the Localisation Guide provided.