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TypeScript

Translations: Espa帽ol, Fran莽ais, Italiano, 袪褍褋褋泻懈泄, 绠浣撲腑鏂

AVA comes bundled with a TypeScript definition file. This allows developers to leverage TypeScript for writing tests.

This guide assumes you've already set up TypeScript for your project. Note that AVA's definition expects at least version 4.4.

Enabling AVA's support for TypeScript test files

With precompile step

Out of the box AVA does not load TypeScript test files. You can use our @ava/typescript package, which is designed to work for projects that precompile TypeScript using the tsc command. Please see @ava/typescript for setup instructions.

Using ts-node

You can use ts-node to do live testing without transpiling. This can be especially helpful when you're using a bundler. Be sure to install the required dev dependencies:

npm install --save-dev typescript ts-node

The required setup depends on the type of your package:

  1. for packages with type "module"
  2. for packages without type "module"

For packages with type module

If your package.json has "type": "module", then this is the AVA configuration you need:

package.json:

{
	"ava": {
		"extensions": {
			"ts": "module"
		},
		"nodeArguments": [
			"--loader=ts-node/esm"
		]
	}
}

You also need to have this in your tsconfig.json:

{
	"compilerOptions": {
		"module": "ES2020",
		"moduleResolution": "node"
	}
}

Remember that, by default, ES modules require you to specify the file extension and TypeScript outputs .js files, so you have to write your imports to load from .js files not .ts.

If this is not to your liking there is an experimental option in Node.js that you might want to use. You can add it to the nodeArguments array in the AVA configuration so it applies to your test runs: --experimental-specifier-resolution=node.

For packages without type "module"

If your package.json does not have "type": "module", then this is the AVA configuration you need:

package.json:

{
	"ava": {
		"extensions": [
			"ts"
		],
		"require": [
			"ts-node/register"
		]
	}
}

It's worth noting that with this configuration, tests will fail if there are TypeScript build errors. If you want to test while ignoring these errors you can use ts-node/register/transpile-only instead of ts-node/register.

Writing tests

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Create a test.ts file. ESM syntax works best, even if you're targeting CommonJS.

import test from 'ava';

const fn = () => 'foo';

test('fn() returns foo', t => {
	t.is(fn(), 'foo');
});

You can use CommonJS syntax as well:

const test = require('ava');

This works whether esModuleInterop is enabled or not.

import 鈥 = require() syntax is less elegant. It's best like this:

import ava = require('ava')

const test = ava.default;

Using macros

Macros can receive additional arguments. AVA can infer these to ensure you're using the macro correctly:

import test, {ExecutionContext} from 'ava';

const hasLength = (t: ExecutionContext, input: string, expected: number) => {
	t.is(input.length, expected);
};

test('bar has length 3', hasLength, 'bar', 3);

However if you use the test.macro() helper you get much better type inference:

import test from 'ava';

const macro = test.macro((t, input: string, expected: number) => {
	t.is(eval(input), expected);
});

test('title', macro, '3 * 3', 9);

Or with a title function:

import test from 'ava';

const macro = test.macro({
	exec(t, input: string, expected: number) {
		t.is(eval(input), expected);
	},
	title(providedTitle = '', input, expected) {
		return `${providedTitle} ${input} = ${expected}`.trim();
	}
});

test(macro, '2 + 2', 4);
test(macro, '2 * 3', 6);
test('providedTitle', macro, '3 * 3', 9);

Typing t.context

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By default, the type of t.context will be the empty object ({}). AVA exposes an interface TestFn<Context> which you can use to apply your own type to t.context. This can help you catch errors at compile-time:

import anyTest, {TestFn} from 'ava';

const test = anyTest as TestFn<{foo: string}>;

test.beforeEach(t => {
	t.context = {foo: 'bar'};
});

test.beforeEach(t => {
	t.context.foo = 123; // error:  Type '123' is not assignable to type 'string'
});

test.serial.failing('very long chains are properly typed', t => {
	t.context.fooo = 'a value'; // error: Property 'fooo' does not exist on type ''
});

test('an actual test', t => {
	t.deepEqual(t.context.foo.map(c => c), ['b', 'a', 'r']); // error: Property 'map' does not exist on type 'string'
});

Note that, despite the type cast above, when executing t.context is an empty object unless it's assigned.

Typing throws assertions

The t.throws() and t.throwsAsync() assertions are typed to always return an Error. You can customize the error class using generics:

import test from 'ava';

class CustomError extends Error {
	parent: Error

	constructor(parent) {
		super(parent.message);
		this.parent = parent;
	}
}

function myFunc() {
	throw new CustomError(new TypeError('馃檲'));
};

test('throws', t => {
	const err = t.throws<CustomError>(myFunc);
	t.is(err.parent.name, 'TypeError');
});

test('throwsAsync', async t => {
	const err = await t.throwsAsync<CustomError>(async () => myFunc());
	t.is(err.parent.name, 'TypeError');
});

Note that, despite the typing, the assertion returns undefined if it fails. Typing the assertions as returning Error | undefined didn't seem like the pragmatic choice.

Using module path mapping

ts-node does not support module path mapping, however you can use tsconfig-paths.

Once installed, add the tsconfig-paths/register entry to the require section of AVA's config:

package.json:

{
	"ava": {
		"extensions": [
			"ts"
		],
		"require": [
			"ts-node/register",
			"tsconfig-paths/register"
		]
	}
}

Then you can start using module aliases:

tsconfig.json:

{
	"baseUrl": ".",
	"paths": {
		"@helpers/*": ["helpers/*"]
	}
}

Test:

import myHelper from '@helpers/myHelper';

// Rest of the file