Rsync style command for Joyent's Manta
npm install -g manta-sync
manta-sync ./ ~~/stor/foo
manta-sync requires 2 arguments, the first is a local directory that you
would like to sync the contents of into manta. The second is
a manta directory that you would like the files to by synced to.
All remote directories will be lazily created for you if they do not exist,
relying on the latest
manta node module for this behavior.
If you supply
manta-sync will work in reverse, pulling files from
manta onto your local filesystem.
manta-sync -r ~~/stor/foo ./foo
$ manta-sync -h usage: manta-sync [OPTIONS] localdir ~~/remotedir synchronize all files found inside `localdir` to `~~/remotedir` examples manta-sync ./ ~~/stor/foo - sync all files in your cwd to the dir ~~/stor/foo manta-sync --dry-run ./ ~~/stor/foo - same as above, but just HEAD the data, don't PUT manta-sync -r ~~/stor/foo ./bar - sync all files from manta in ~~/stor/foo to the local dir ./bar options: -a ACCOUNT, --account=ACCOUNT Manta Account (login name). Environment: MANTA_USER=ACCOUNT --user=USER, --subuser=USER Manta User (login name). Environment: MANTA_SUBUSER=USER --role=ROLE,ROLE,... Assume a role. Use multiple times or once with a list. Environment: MANTA_ROLE=ROLE,ROLE,... -h, --help Print this help and exit. -i, --insecure Do not validate SSL certificate. Environment: MANTA_TLS_INSECURE=1 -k FINGERPRINT, --keyId=FINGERPRINT SSH key fingerprint. Environment: MANTA_KEY_ID=FINGERPRINT -u URL, --url=URL Manta URL. Environment: MANTA_URL=URL -v, --verbose verbose mode. -c COPIES, --copies=COPIES number of copies to make. -d, --delete delete files on the remote end not found locally. -x ARG, --exclude=ARG a pattern to ignore when searching the local filesystem. -H HEADER, --header=HEADER HTTP headers to include. -j, --just-delete don't send local files, just delete extra remote files. -l, --ignore-links ignore symlinks. -m, --md5 use md5 instead of file size (slower, but more accurate). -n, --dry-run don't perform any remote PUT or DELETE operations. -p CONCURRENCY, --parallel=CONCURRENCY limit concurrent operations. -q, --quiet suppress all output. -r, --reverse manta to local sync. -U, --updates check for available updates on npm. -V, --version print the version number and exit.
First we'll create a basic directory structure we want to sync to manta
$ mkdir foo $ touch foo/a foo/b foo/c $ mkdir foo/d $ touch foo/d/e $ ls foo/ a b c d/ $ ls foo/d e
Now, let's look at the remote end to see what we're dealing with
$ mls ~~/stor $
Nothing on the remote end yet, let's sync the files up
$ manta-sync foo/ ~~/stor/foo building local file list... local file list built, 4 files found ~~/stor/foo/d/e... not found, adding to put list (1/4) ~~/stor/foo/a... not found, adding to put list (2/4) ~~/stor/foo/c... not found, adding to put list (3/4) ~~/stor/foo/b... not found, adding to put list (4/4) upload list built, 4 files staged for uploading (took 1016ms) ~~/stor/foo/a... uploaded (1/4) ~~/stor/foo/b... uploaded (2/4) ~~/stor/foo/c... uploaded (3/4) ~~/stor/foo/d/e... uploaded (4/4) 4 files (0 bytes) put successfully, 0 files failed to put (took 474ms) done
All 4 files were uploaded (and their directories created), we can verify this with
$ mls ~~/stor foo/ $ mls ~~/stor/foo a b c d/ $ mls ~~/stor/foo/d e
Now that we are synced up, let's run it again and see what happens
$ manta-sync foo/ ~~/stor/foo building local file list... local file list built, 4 files found ~~/stor/foo/a... size same as local file, skipping (1/4) ~~/stor/foo/b... size same as local file, skipping (2/4) ~~/stor/foo/c... size same as local file, skipping (3/4) ~~/stor/foo/d/e... size same as local file, skipping (4/4) upload list built, 0 files staged for uploading (took 838ms) done
This time the output is slightly different, because the files were found on the remote end and the have the same size as the local files.
So let's modify a file and rerun the sync
$ echo hello > foo/a $ manta-sync foo/ ~~/stor/foo building local file list... local file list built, 4 files found ~~/stor/foo/c... size same as local file, skipping (1/4) ~~/stor/foo/a... size is different, adding to put list (2/4) ~~/stor/foo/d/e... size same as local file, skipping (3/4) ~~/stor/foo/b... size same as local file, skipping (4/4) upload list built, 1 files staged for uploading (took 999ms) ~~/stor/foo/a... uploaded (1/1) 1 files (6 bytes) put successfully, 0 files failed to put (took 152ms) done
manta-sync detected one of the files on the local end was a different
size than reported by manta, so it staged it for uploading, and
manta-sync works in 4 (optionally 5) stages
1. Find all local files
The local module Finder is used to
stat(2)) all local files, to build a list of files that need
to be synced.
--exclude arguments are supplied, they will be used in this step
to filter out the local files found. For instance,
--exclude ./.git/ will
manta-sync to skip all files beginning with
2. Process each local file, figure out if we need to put a new version into Manta
For each local file found, a corresponding remote manta filename is constructed, and
then checked for info (
HEAD request) to see if it exists, and what its size is if
it is found.
If the file is not found (
NotFoundError) it is staged for uploading.
If the file is found, and the size reported by manta is different than the size
on the filesystem, it is also staged for uploading. This behavior can be
modified with the
--md5 switch, which tells
manta-sync to use the md5 hash
of a file instead of the file size.
3. Upload each file that needs to be uploaded, lazily handling directory creation
For each file that has been staged for uploading, a
PUT request is made, and
all directories that are needed are created lazily (which may result in more than
PUT per file).
--dry-run is supplied, this step is skipped by just printing
what actions would have been taken. Note that during a dry-run,
are still made.
4. (optional) Delete files found on the remote end not found locally
--delete is supplied, a walk of the remote file tree is done and compared
against the list of local files from step 1. Every file found on the remote
end that is not referenced locally is deleted.
Any files skipped (by
--exclude) in the first step will be deleted
from the remote end if they are found.
5. Print statistics, clean up
manta-sync prints how many files were uploaded, and how many (if any) files failed
to upload. Also, any errors that were encountered are displayed again at the bottom of
Possible Future Features
- count number of
PUTrequests done (for billing purposes)