{{ message }}

# bwalex / asccalc

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
336 lines (246 sloc) 7 KB

asccalc - A Simple Console Calculator

Pretty much a fully featured console calculator. One of the few that makes it easy to use logic operations and different bases.

# Functionality:

## Binary Operators

``````+        Addition
-        Subtraction
*        Multiplication
/        Divison
%        Modulo (Remainder)
**       raise to the power of...
^^       same as **
&        Logical And
and      same as &
|        Logical Or
or       same as |
^        Logical Exclusive-Or
xor      same as ^
<<       Logical shift left (arithmetic shift for negative numbers)
>>       Logical shift right (arithmetic shift for negative numbers)
``````

## Numbers

Numbers can be expressed in many different ways. Here are some examples:

``````0xFF
0b010101
5
0d5
0755
5.71
5.71E-5
5.71p
``````

As the last example shows, several SI suffixes are available, with their usual meaning:

``````a,f,p,n,u,m,k,M,G,T,P,E
``````

## Comparison Operators (return 1 if true, otherwise 0)

``````>=       Greater or equal
<=       Less or equal
!=       Not equal
==       Equal
>        Greater than
<        Less than
``````

## Unary Operators

``````-          Unary minus
~          1's complement
!          Factorial
[hi:lo]    Verilog-style part select (select bits from MSB=hi to LSB=lo)
[hi-:cnt]  Verilog-style part select (select cnt bits downwards from MSB=hi)
``````

## Statements

A statement (i.e. an expression using operators) is evaluated at the end of the line (e.g. when ENTER is pressed) unless the last character of the line was a backslash (''), in which case the newline is ignored. Statements can have a trailing semicolon (';') when stand-alone, and must have a trailing semicolon (';') when they are part of a listing (more on that later). Example:

``````1 + 5 * 7
``````

or

``````1 + 5 * 7;
``````

or

``````1 + 5 * \
7
``````

or

``````1 + 5 * \
7;
``````

## User-defined variables

User-defined variables can be created with the following syntax,

``````VARIABLE_NAME = STATEMENT
``````

For example,

``````x = 5 * pi;
``````

where the trailing semicolon (';') is optional.

## Flow control

if/elsif/else and while flow control is available.

The conditional construct if is as follows, where the 'else LISTING' part is optional,

``````if CONDITION then LISTING else LISTING fi
``````

A conditional construct can also contain any number of elsifs:

``````if CONDITION then LISTING elsif CONDITION then LISTING else LISTING fi

if CONDITION then LISTING elsif CONDITION then LISTING elsif CONDITION then LISTING else LISTING fi
``````

For incomplete if statements (i.e. lacking else) a default value of 0 is returned if no condition matches. Otherwise the value of the last expression to be evaluated in a LISTING is returned. The condition can be any statement (see above) that is considered true if it evaluates to a non-zero value. The LISTING is a series of statements delimited by a trailing semicolon (';') or other flow control constructs. After the 'if', a newline can be introduced at any time until the closing 'fi'. Examples:

``````if (x > 5) then
x/5;
else
x*5;
fi

if (x > 5)
then
x/5;
fi
``````

The while construct similarly is,

``````while CONDITION do LISTING done
``````

A default value of 0 is returned if the condition is false. Otherwise the value of the last evaluated expression is returned. The condition can be any statement (see above) that is considered true if it evaluates to a non-zero value. The LISTING is a series of statements delimited by a trailing semicolon (';') or other flow control constructs. After the 'while', a newline can be introduced at any time until the closing 'done'. Examples:

``````x = 1;
while (x < 5) do
x = x * 2;
done
``````

## User-defined functions

User-defined functions can be defined using the function keyword. The syntax is as follows:

``````function NAME(NAMELIST) = LISTING endfunction
``````

The LISTING is a series of statements delimited by a trailing semicolon (';') or flow control constructs. The NAMELIST is a list of comma-separated argument variables to the function. After the 'function' token, a newline can be introduced at any time until the closing 'endfunction'. All user-defined variables assigned in the body of the function are local to the function. The scope inside a function is the global scope and the direct arguments to the function. It does not include any other scope, e.g. the scope of the calling function for a nested function.

Example:

``````function sum(a,b) =
a + b;
endfunction

function foobar(a,b,c) =
x = e * a;
x = sum(x, a);
root(x, c);
endfunction
``````

## Keywords (i.e. reserved words)

if, then, else, fi, while, do, done, function, endfunction, ls, lsfn, quit, exit, help, mode, and, or, xor

## Commands

``````ls           Lists all variables
lsfn         Lists all functions (builtin and user-defined)
m <mode>     Same as mode <mode>
mode <mode>  Switches to output mode <MODE>, where mode is one of
the following:
b - for binary output
d - for decimal output
s - for decimal scientific output
h or x - for hexadecimal output
o - for octal output
quit         Exits the program
exit         Exits the program
``````

## Builtin functions

Check with the 'lsfn' commands for the most up-to-date list.

``````sqrt(a)       Square Root of a
cbrt(a)       Cubic Root of a
root(a,n)     n-th root of a
abs(a)        Absolute value of a
ln(a)         Natural Logarithm of a
log2(a)       Logarithm base 2 of a
log10(a)      Logarithm base 10 of a
exp(a)        exponential of a
sec(a)
csc(a)
cot(a)
cos(a)
sin(a)
tan(a)
acos(a)
asin(a)
atan(a)
atan2(y,x)
cosh(a)
sinh(a)
tanh(a)
sech(a)
csch(a)
coth(a)
acosh(a)
asinh(a)
atanh(a)
erf(a)        Error function of a
erfc(a)       Complementary error function of a
hypot(x,y)    Hypotenuse of x and y, i.e. sqrt(x^2 + y^2)
round(a)      Round a to nearest integer
ceil(a)       Round a upwards to nearest integer
floor(a)      Round a downwards to nearest integer
trunc(a)      Truncate a to an integer
int(a)        Same as trunc(a)
nextprime(a)  Gives the next highest prime number after a
gcd(a,b)      Greatest common divisor of a and b
lcm(a,b)      Least common multiple of a and b
remfac(a,b)   Remove factor b from a
bin(a,b)      Binomial coefficient (a | b)
fib(n)        n-th fibonacci number
inv(a,N)      Find the inverse of a (modulo N)
hamdist(a,b)  Gives the hamming distance between integers a and b
countones(a)  Returns the number of 1-bits in integer a
popcount(a)   Same as countones(a)
popcnt(a)     Same as countones(a)
min(a,b,...)  Minimum of a,b,...
max(a,b,...)  Maximum of a,b,...
avg(a,b,...)  Average of a,b,...
``````

# Build and Install

## Dependencies

``````flex (build only)
bison (build only)
libmpfr
libgmp
``````

To build on Ubuntu and Debian:

``````apt-get install flex bison libmpfr-dev libgmp-dev make gcc
``````

To just use a binary package:

``````apt-get install libgmp10 libmpfr4
``````

## Build

Just type

``````make
``````