Concepts you may want to Google beforehand: cross-compiler
Goal: Create a development environment to build your kernel
If you're using a Mac, you will need to do this process right away. Otherwise, it could have waited for a few more lessons. Anyway, you will need a cross-compiler once we jump to developing in a higher language, that is, C. Read why
I'll be adapting the instructions at the OSDev wiki.
First, install the required packages. On linux, use your package distribution. On a Mac, install brew if
you didn't do it on lesson 00, and get those packages with
Yes, we will need
gcc to build our cross-compiled
gcc, especially on a Mac where gcc has been deprecated for
Once installed, find where your packaged gcc is (remember, not clang) and export it. For example:
export CC=/usr/local/bin/gcc-4.9 export LD=/usr/local/bin/gcc-4.9
We will need to build binutils and a cross-compiled gcc, and we will put them into
let's export some paths now. Feel free to change them to your liking.
export PREFIX="/usr/local/i386elfgcc" export TARGET=i386-elf export PATH="$PREFIX/bin:$PATH"
Remember: always be careful before pasting walls of text from the internet. I recommend copying line by line.
mkdir /tmp/src cd /tmp/src curl -O http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/binutils/binutils-2.24.tar.gz # If the link 404's, look for a more recent version tar xf binutils-2.24.tar.gz mkdir binutils-build cd binutils-build ../binutils-2.24/configure --target=$TARGET --enable-interwork --enable-multilib --disable-nls --disable-werror --prefix=$PREFIX 2>&1 | tee configure.log make all install 2>&1 | tee make.log
cd /tmp/src curl -O https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gcc/gcc-4.9.1/gcc-4.9.1.tar.bz2 tar xf gcc-4.9.1.tar.bz2 mkdir gcc-build cd gcc-build ../gcc-4.9.1/configure --target=$TARGET --prefix="$PREFIX" --disable-nls --disable-libssp --enable-languages=c --without-headers make all-gcc make all-target-libgcc make install-gcc make install-target-libgcc
That's it! You should have all the GNU binutils and the compiler at
/usr/local/i386elfgcc/bin, prefixed by
i386-elf- to avoid
collisions with your system's compiler and binutils.
You may want to add the
$PATH to your
.bashrc. From now on, on this tutorial, we will explicitly use the prefixes when using
the cross-compiled gcc.