Skip to content
This repository has been archived by the owner. It is now read-only.
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
309 lines (258 sloc) 10.9 KB

Sending transactions with Mobius


  • Truffle:
$ truffle version
Truffle v4.1.0 (core: 4.1.0)
Solidity v0.4.19 (solc-js)
  • Geth:
$ geth version
Version: 1.8.1-stable
Git Commit: 1e67410e88d2685bc54611a7c9f75c327b553ccc
  • Npm:
$ npm --version
  • Node:
$ node --version

How to use Mobius ?

As Möbius supports transfer of ethers and ERC20 compatible tokens, we denote by Deposit and Withdraw - in this tutorial - the action to do a deposit and a withdrawal to and from the Mixer. The user is free to use the appropriate suffix Ether or ERC20Compatible.

⚠️ In order for the DepositERC20Compatible function to run, the sender has to authorize the Mixer to trigger a transfer of tokens on his behalf, FIRST. To do this, the sender has to run: token.approve([mixerAddress], [amountToApprove], {from: [senderAccount]}); (see: ERC20 interface for more details), before calling DepositERC20Compatible.

⚠️ The DepositERC20Compatible function is not payable, so the value field of the transaction object should be omitted.


  1. The Mixer has a RING_SIZE equal to 1 (see: If you want to follow the rest of the tutorial, please clone this repository and modify the LinkableRing contract accordingly:
export $WORKDIR = ~/Path/To/Your/Working/Directory
git clone $WORKDIR
cd $WORKDIR/mobius
[YourFavoriteTextEditor] contracts/LinkableRing.sol
[Change line 80: uint256 public constant RING_SIZE = 4; INTO uint256 public constant RING_SIZE = 1;]
[Save and exit your editor]
  1. We call Alice the sender of the payment and Bob the recipient.
  2. We assume that two accounts with some ethers are available in order to run this tutorial.

Step 1: Generate a master key pair for Bob, using Orbital


  1. Run orbital generate -n 1 > keys.json && cat keys.json:
    "pubkeys": [
            "x": "0x26569781c3ab69ff42834ea67be539bb231fa48730afc3c89f2bba140b2045b2",
            "y": "0xbf75913861d38b5a01b53654daa260856d5dd705af6a24e57622811d485e407"
    "privkeys": [

Step 2: Compile and deploy the Mobius Contracts to your network

⚠️ WARNING: Mobius is not ready to use in production. It should only be used for a testing/prototyping purpose ! ⚠️

Start your ethereum client

Method 1: Use Ganache-cli (testrpc)
  1. Make sure you have Ganache-cli installed
Ganache CLI v6.0.3 (ganache-core: 2.0.2)
  1. Start Ganache-cli:
yarn testrpc
Method 2: Use your own local Geth private environment

The steps described in this section should only be executed if you decided not to use Ganache-cli to run Mobius.

  1. Create a genesis.json file like this one: touch genesis.json and copy paste the code below into your genesis.json file:
    "config": {
        "chainId": 127,
            "homesteadBlock": 0,
            "eip155Block": 0,
            "eip158Block": 0,
            "byzantiumBlock": 0
    "alloc"      : {
        "0x557ef97e60a4aab92c3b3e000a67fb5d26be04b4": {
            "balance": "10000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
        "0x8a7cf916f9b6e1bb77ea6282eb5c8b5eb5b779cc": {
            "balance": "10000000000000"
    "coinbase"   : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    "difficulty" : "0x20000",
    "extraData"  : "",
    "gasLimit"   : "0xFFFFFFF",
    "gasPrice"   : "0x1",
    "nonce"      : "0x0000000000000042",
    "mixhash"    : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    "parentHash" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    "timestamp"  : "0x00"

Note: Make sure to have the line "byzantiumBlock": 0 in the config of your genesis.json file in order to make sure that the Mobius contract will be able to execute precompiled contracts. (See: Byzantium) 2. Create the data directory for your local configuration of your ethereum network:

mkdir ~/ethdev
  1. Start your node with the genesis configuration:
geth --datadir ~/ethdev init genesis.json
  1. Start your mining node and open the geth console:
geth --datadir ~/ethdev --identity=NODE_ONE --networkid=15 --verbosity=1 --mine --minerthreads=1 --rpc --rpcport=8545 --nodiscover --maxpeers=1 console

All the steps above are gathered into a script below. Run: touch && chmod +x and Copy/Paste the content below into the file, then run: ./


if [ ! -f "./geth" ]; then 
    echo "==> Fetching GETH 1.8.1 <==\n"
    echo "Unpacking GETH 1.8.1"
    tar -xvf geth-linux-amd64-1.8.1-1e67410e.tar.gz

echo "==> Creating ~/ethdev folder <== \n"
mkdir ~/ethdev

echo "==> Initializing the private blockchain with custom genesis file <==\n"
./geth --datadir ~/ethdev init genesis.json

echo "==> Starting miner node: Listening rpc on 8545 <==\n"
./geth --datadir ~/ethdev --identity=NODE_ONE --networkid=15 --verbosity=1 --mine --minerthreads=1 --rpc --rpcport=8545 --nodiscover --maxpeers=1 console

Deploy the Mobius contracts:

Method 1 (Easy way): Using truffle
  1. Compile the contracts:
truffle compile
  1. Deploy the contracts to the development network
truffle deploy --network development

The logs of truffle deploy should output the address to which the Mixer has been deployed Mixer: [Address]. If you can't see this log, run Mixer.deployed() in the truffle console and save the address somewhere (we'll need it in a few steps). 3. Get the Mixer Abi:

echo "var MixerAbi=`solc --optimize --combined-json abi contracts/Mixer.sol`" > mixerAbi.js

In the Geth console, run the following commands

  1. Load the file containing the ABI of the Mixer contract:
  1. Store the ABI of the Mixer into a variable:
var mixerContractAbi = MixerAbi.contracts['contracts/Mixer.sol:Mixer'].abi;
  1. Run:
var mixerContract = eth.contract(JSON.parse(mixerContractAbi));
var mixerContractAddress = [Paste here the Mixe Address saved at step 2];
var mixer =;

After this step, we can use the mixerInstance variable in order to interact with the contract from the geth console.

Method 2 ("Hard way"): Manual deployment in Geth
  1. Compile the Mixer contract:
echo "var mixerOutput=`solc --optimize --combined-json abi,bin,interface contracts/Mixer.sol`" > mixer.js

In the Geth console, run the following commands

  1. Load the mixer.js file:
  1. Store the ABI of the Mixer into a variable:
var mixerContractAbi = mixerOutput.contracts['contracts/Mixer.sol:Mixer'].abi
  1. Run:
var mixerContract = eth.contract(JSON.parse(mixerContractAbi))
var mixerBinCode = "0x" + mixerOutput.contracts['contracts/Mixer.sol:Mixer'].bin
personal.unlockAccount([AccountYouWantToUseToDeploy], [PasswordOfTheAccount], 0)
var deployTransationObject = { from: eth.accounts[0], data: mixerBinCode, gas: 1000000 };
var mixerInstance =
var mixerContractAdress = eth.getTransactionReceipt(mixerInstance.transactionHash).contractAddress
var mixer =;

Step 3: Interact with Mobius and proceed to payments

  1. Define listeners to listen to the Mixer events:
var mixerDepositEvent = mixer.LogMixerDeposit();, result){
    if (error) { console.log(error); return; }
    console.log("MixerDeposit event");

var mixerReadyEvent = mixer.LogMixerReady();, result){
    if (error) { console.log(error); return; }
    console.log("MixerReady event");
    console.log("Ring message: " + result.args.message); 
    console.log("Ring GUID: " + result.args.ring_id); 

var mixerWithdrawEvent = mixer.LogMixerWithdraw();, result){
    if (error) { console.log(error); return; }
    console.log("MixerWithdraw event"); 

var mixerDeadEvent = mixer.LogMixerDead();, result){
    if (error) { console.log(error); return; }
    console.log("MixerDead event"); 
  1. Get the balance of the Mixer (should be equal to zero):
  1. Deposit funds to the Mixer (after generating the keys with orbital generate -n 1 > keys.json):
var pubX = [X component of pubKey in keys.json]
var pubY = [Y component of pubKey in keys.json]

var AliceAccount = eth.accounts[0];
var gasValue: [AmountOfGasAliceIsReadyToPay]
var yourDenomination = [AmountOfMoneyYouWantToTransfer]

// We trigger a deposit from Alice's account
mixer.depositEther(0, yourDenomination, pubX, pubY, {from: AliceAccount, value: yourDenomination, gas: gasValue})
  1. Verify that the deposit has successfully been done on the contract (the balance of the contract should be equal to the denomination)specified by the sender in the Deposit function
  1. Generate the ring signature using orbital:
orbital inputs -n 1 -f keys.json -m [RingMessage] > signature.json
  1. Withdraw funds from Bob's account:
var bobAccount = eth.accounts[1];
personal.unlockAccount(bobAccount); // Unlock Bob's account

var tauX = [tauX in signature.json];
var tauY = [tauY in signature.json];
var ctlist = [ctlistArray]

var ringGuid = [ring GUID returned by the mixerReadyEvent];

var gasValue: [AmountOfGasBobIsReadyToPay]

mixer.withdrawEther(ringGuid, tauX, tauY, ctlist, {from: bobAccount, gas: gasValue});

Step 4: Verify that the payment worked

  1. At this stage of the process, the balance of the Mixer should be equal to 0 again. Verify it:
  1. Bob's account should have been credited. In order to make sure that everything worked well, Bob's balance after the withdrawal should respect the equality:
BalanceAfterWithdrawal = (BalanceBeforeWithdrawal - (gasUsed * gasPrice)) + denomination

Note: The gasUsed and gasPrice values can be accessed directly by running eth.getTransactionReceipt("[HashOfTheWithdrawalTX]").

Observed Caveat

  • Bob has to have funds on his account in order to be able to pay for the Withdraw function to be executed. Thus, Mobius cannot be used to send funds to an address that doesn't have a minimum amount of funds.