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// Copyright 2015, 2018 CoreOS, Inc.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package dbus
import (
"errors"
"fmt"
"path"
"strconv"
"github.com/godbus/dbus"
)
func (c *Conn) jobComplete(signal *dbus.Signal) {
var id uint32
var job dbus.ObjectPath
var unit string
var result string
dbus.Store(signal.Body, &id, &job, &unit, &result)
c.jobListener.Lock()
out, ok := c.jobListener.jobs[job]
if ok {
out <- result
delete(c.jobListener.jobs, job)
}
c.jobListener.Unlock()
}
func (c *Conn) startJob(ch chan<- string, job string, args ...interface{}) (int, error) {
if ch != nil {
c.jobListener.Lock()
defer c.jobListener.Unlock()
}
var p dbus.ObjectPath
err := c.sysobj.Call(job, 0, args...).Store(&p)
if err != nil {
return 0, err
}
if ch != nil {
c.jobListener.jobs[p] = ch
}
// ignore error since 0 is fine if conversion fails
jobID, _ := strconv.Atoi(path.Base(string(p)))
return jobID, nil
}
// StartUnit enqueues a start job and depending jobs, if any (unless otherwise
// specified by the mode string).
//
// Takes the unit to activate, plus a mode string. The mode needs to be one of
// replace, fail, isolate, ignore-dependencies, ignore-requirements. If
// "replace" the call will start the unit and its dependencies, possibly
// replacing already queued jobs that conflict with this. If "fail" the call
// will start the unit and its dependencies, but will fail if this would change
// an already queued job. If "isolate" the call will start the unit in question
// and terminate all units that aren't dependencies of it. If
// "ignore-dependencies" it will start a unit but ignore all its dependencies.
// If "ignore-requirements" it will start a unit but only ignore the
// requirement dependencies. It is not recommended to make use of the latter
// two options.
//
// If the provided channel is non-nil, a result string will be sent to it upon
// job completion: one of done, canceled, timeout, failed, dependency, skipped.
// done indicates successful execution of a job. canceled indicates that a job
// has been canceled before it finished execution. timeout indicates that the
// job timeout was reached. failed indicates that the job failed. dependency
// indicates that a job this job has been depending on failed and the job hence
// has been removed too. skipped indicates that a job was skipped because it
// didn't apply to the units current state.
//
// If no error occurs, the ID of the underlying systemd job will be returned. There
// does exist the possibility for no error to be returned, but for the returned job
// ID to be 0. In this case, the actual underlying ID is not 0 and this datapoint
// should not be considered authoritative.
//
// If an error does occur, it will be returned to the user alongside a job ID of 0.
func (c *Conn) StartUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.StartUnit", name, mode)
}
// StopUnit is similar to StartUnit but stops the specified unit rather
// than starting it.
func (c *Conn) StopUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.StopUnit", name, mode)
}
// ReloadUnit reloads a unit. Reloading is done only if the unit is already running and fails otherwise.
func (c *Conn) ReloadUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ReloadUnit", name, mode)
}
// RestartUnit restarts a service. If a service is restarted that isn't
// running it will be started.
func (c *Conn) RestartUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.RestartUnit", name, mode)
}
// TryRestartUnit is like RestartUnit, except that a service that isn't running
// is not affected by the restart.
func (c *Conn) TryRestartUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.TryRestartUnit", name, mode)
}
// ReloadOrRestartUnit attempts a reload if the unit supports it and use a restart
// otherwise.
func (c *Conn) ReloadOrRestartUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ReloadOrRestartUnit", name, mode)
}
// ReloadOrTryRestartUnit attempts a reload if the unit supports it and use a "Try"
// flavored restart otherwise.
func (c *Conn) ReloadOrTryRestartUnit(name string, mode string, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ReloadOrTryRestartUnit", name, mode)
}
// StartTransientUnit() may be used to create and start a transient unit, which
// will be released as soon as it is not running or referenced anymore or the
// system is rebooted. name is the unit name including suffix, and must be
// unique. mode is the same as in StartUnit(), properties contains properties
// of the unit.
func (c *Conn) StartTransientUnit(name string, mode string, properties []Property, ch chan<- string) (int, error) {
return c.startJob(ch, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.StartTransientUnit", name, mode, properties, make([]PropertyCollection, 0))
}
// KillUnit takes the unit name and a UNIX signal number to send. All of the unit's
// processes are killed.
func (c *Conn) KillUnit(name string, signal int32) {
c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.KillUnit", 0, name, "all", signal).Store()
}
// ResetFailedUnit resets the "failed" state of a specific unit.
func (c *Conn) ResetFailedUnit(name string) error {
return c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ResetFailedUnit", 0, name).Store()
}
// SystemState returns the systemd state. Equivalent to `systemctl is-system-running`.
func (c *Conn) SystemState() (*Property, error) {
var err error
var prop dbus.Variant
obj := c.sysconn.Object("org.freedesktop.systemd1", "/org/freedesktop/systemd1")
err = obj.Call("org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties.Get", 0, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager", "SystemState").Store(&prop)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return &Property{Name: "SystemState", Value: prop}, nil
}
// getProperties takes the unit path and returns all of its dbus object properties, for the given dbus interface
func (c *Conn) getProperties(path dbus.ObjectPath, dbusInterface string) (map[string]interface{}, error) {
var err error
var props map[string]dbus.Variant
if !path.IsValid() {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("invalid unit name: %v", path)
}
obj := c.sysconn.Object("org.freedesktop.systemd1", path)
err = obj.Call("org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties.GetAll", 0, dbusInterface).Store(&props)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
out := make(map[string]interface{}, len(props))
for k, v := range props {
out[k] = v.Value()
}
return out, nil
}
// GetUnitProperties takes the (unescaped) unit name and returns all of its dbus object properties.
func (c *Conn) GetUnitProperties(unit string) (map[string]interface{}, error) {
path := unitPath(unit)
return c.getProperties(path, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit")
}
// GetUnitPathProperties takes the (escaped) unit path and returns all of its dbus object properties.
func (c *Conn) GetUnitPathProperties(path dbus.ObjectPath) (map[string]interface{}, error) {
return c.getProperties(path, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit")
}
func (c *Conn) getProperty(unit string, dbusInterface string, propertyName string) (*Property, error) {
var err error
var prop dbus.Variant
path := unitPath(unit)
if !path.IsValid() {
return nil, errors.New("invalid unit name: " + unit)
}
obj := c.sysconn.Object("org.freedesktop.systemd1", path)
err = obj.Call("org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties.Get", 0, dbusInterface, propertyName).Store(&prop)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return &Property{Name: propertyName, Value: prop}, nil
}
func (c *Conn) GetUnitProperty(unit string, propertyName string) (*Property, error) {
return c.getProperty(unit, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit", propertyName)
}
// GetServiceProperty returns property for given service name and property name
func (c *Conn) GetServiceProperty(service string, propertyName string) (*Property, error) {
return c.getProperty(service, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Service", propertyName)
}
// GetUnitTypeProperties returns the extra properties for a unit, specific to the unit type.
// Valid values for unitType: Service, Socket, Target, Device, Mount, Automount, Snapshot, Timer, Swap, Path, Slice, Scope
// return "dbus.Error: Unknown interface" if the unitType is not the correct type of the unit
func (c *Conn) GetUnitTypeProperties(unit string, unitType string) (map[string]interface{}, error) {
path := unitPath(unit)
return c.getProperties(path, "org.freedesktop.systemd1."+unitType)
}
// SetUnitProperties() may be used to modify certain unit properties at runtime.
// Not all properties may be changed at runtime, but many resource management
// settings (primarily those in systemd.cgroup(5)) may. The changes are applied
// instantly, and stored on disk for future boots, unless runtime is true, in which
// case the settings only apply until the next reboot. name is the name of the unit
// to modify. properties are the settings to set, encoded as an array of property
// name and value pairs.
func (c *Conn) SetUnitProperties(name string, runtime bool, properties ...Property) error {
return c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.SetUnitProperties", 0, name, runtime, properties).Store()
}
func (c *Conn) GetUnitTypeProperty(unit string, unitType string, propertyName string) (*Property, error) {
return c.getProperty(unit, "org.freedesktop.systemd1."+unitType, propertyName)
}
type UnitStatus struct {
Name string // The primary unit name as string
Description string // The human readable description string
LoadState string // The load state (i.e. whether the unit file has been loaded successfully)
ActiveState string // The active state (i.e. whether the unit is currently started or not)
SubState string // The sub state (a more fine-grained version of the active state that is specific to the unit type, which the active state is not)
Followed string // A unit that is being followed in its state by this unit, if there is any, otherwise the empty string.
Path dbus.ObjectPath // The unit object path
JobId uint32 // If there is a job queued for the job unit the numeric job id, 0 otherwise
JobType string // The job type as string
JobPath dbus.ObjectPath // The job object path
}
type storeFunc func(retvalues ...interface{}) error
func (c *Conn) listUnitsInternal(f storeFunc) ([]UnitStatus, error) {
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := f(&result)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
status := make([]UnitStatus, len(result))
statusInterface := make([]interface{}, len(status))
for i := range status {
statusInterface[i] = &status[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, statusInterface...)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return status, nil
}
// ListUnits returns an array with all currently loaded units. Note that
// units may be known by multiple names at the same time, and hence there might
// be more unit names loaded than actual units behind them.
// Also note that a unit is only loaded if it is active and/or enabled.
// Units that are both disabled and inactive will thus not be returned.
func (c *Conn) ListUnits() ([]UnitStatus, error) {
return c.listUnitsInternal(c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ListUnits", 0).Store)
}
// ListUnitsFiltered returns an array with units filtered by state.
// It takes a list of units' statuses to filter.
func (c *Conn) ListUnitsFiltered(states []string) ([]UnitStatus, error) {
return c.listUnitsInternal(c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ListUnitsFiltered", 0, states).Store)
}
// ListUnitsByPatterns returns an array with units.
// It takes a list of units' statuses and names to filter.
// Note that units may be known by multiple names at the same time,
// and hence there might be more unit names loaded than actual units behind them.
func (c *Conn) ListUnitsByPatterns(states []string, patterns []string) ([]UnitStatus, error) {
return c.listUnitsInternal(c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ListUnitsByPatterns", 0, states, patterns).Store)
}
// ListUnitsByNames returns an array with units. It takes a list of units'
// names and returns an UnitStatus array. Comparing to ListUnitsByPatterns
// method, this method returns statuses even for inactive or non-existing
// units. Input array should contain exact unit names, but not patterns.
// Note: Requires systemd v230 or higher
func (c *Conn) ListUnitsByNames(units []string) ([]UnitStatus, error) {
return c.listUnitsInternal(c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ListUnitsByNames", 0, units).Store)
}
type UnitFile struct {
Path string
Type string
}
func (c *Conn) listUnitFilesInternal(f storeFunc) ([]UnitFile, error) {
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := f(&result)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
files := make([]UnitFile, len(result))
fileInterface := make([]interface{}, len(files))
for i := range files {
fileInterface[i] = &files[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, fileInterface...)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return files, nil
}
// ListUnitFiles returns an array of all available units on disk.
func (c *Conn) ListUnitFiles() ([]UnitFile, error) {
return c.listUnitFilesInternal(c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ListUnitFiles", 0).Store)
}
// ListUnitFilesByPatterns returns an array of all available units on disk matched the patterns.
func (c *Conn) ListUnitFilesByPatterns(states []string, patterns []string) ([]UnitFile, error) {
return c.listUnitFilesInternal(c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.ListUnitFilesByPatterns", 0, states, patterns).Store)
}
type LinkUnitFileChange EnableUnitFileChange
// LinkUnitFiles() links unit files (that are located outside of the
// usual unit search paths) into the unit search path.
//
// It takes a list of absolute paths to unit files to link and two
// booleans. The first boolean controls whether the unit shall be
// enabled for runtime only (true, /run), or persistently (false,
// /etc).
// The second controls whether symlinks pointing to other units shall
// be replaced if necessary.
//
// This call returns a list of the changes made. The list consists of
// structures with three strings: the type of the change (one of symlink
// or unlink), the file name of the symlink and the destination of the
// symlink.
func (c *Conn) LinkUnitFiles(files []string, runtime bool, force bool) ([]LinkUnitFileChange, error) {
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.LinkUnitFiles", 0, files, runtime, force).Store(&result)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
changes := make([]LinkUnitFileChange, len(result))
changesInterface := make([]interface{}, len(changes))
for i := range changes {
changesInterface[i] = &changes[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, changesInterface...)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return changes, nil
}
// EnableUnitFiles() may be used to enable one or more units in the system (by
// creating symlinks to them in /etc or /run).
//
// It takes a list of unit files to enable (either just file names or full
// absolute paths if the unit files are residing outside the usual unit
// search paths), and two booleans: the first controls whether the unit shall
// be enabled for runtime only (true, /run), or persistently (false, /etc).
// The second one controls whether symlinks pointing to other units shall
// be replaced if necessary.
//
// This call returns one boolean and an array with the changes made. The
// boolean signals whether the unit files contained any enablement
// information (i.e. an [Install]) section. The changes list consists of
// structures with three strings: the type of the change (one of symlink
// or unlink), the file name of the symlink and the destination of the
// symlink.
func (c *Conn) EnableUnitFiles(files []string, runtime bool, force bool) (bool, []EnableUnitFileChange, error) {
var carries_install_info bool
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.EnableUnitFiles", 0, files, runtime, force).Store(&carries_install_info, &result)
if err != nil {
return false, nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
changes := make([]EnableUnitFileChange, len(result))
changesInterface := make([]interface{}, len(changes))
for i := range changes {
changesInterface[i] = &changes[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, changesInterface...)
if err != nil {
return false, nil, err
}
return carries_install_info, changes, nil
}
type EnableUnitFileChange struct {
Type string // Type of the change (one of symlink or unlink)
Filename string // File name of the symlink
Destination string // Destination of the symlink
}
// DisableUnitFiles() may be used to disable one or more units in the system (by
// removing symlinks to them from /etc or /run).
//
// It takes a list of unit files to disable (either just file names or full
// absolute paths if the unit files are residing outside the usual unit
// search paths), and one boolean: whether the unit was enabled for runtime
// only (true, /run), or persistently (false, /etc).
//
// This call returns an array with the changes made. The changes list
// consists of structures with three strings: the type of the change (one of
// symlink or unlink), the file name of the symlink and the destination of the
// symlink.
func (c *Conn) DisableUnitFiles(files []string, runtime bool) ([]DisableUnitFileChange, error) {
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.DisableUnitFiles", 0, files, runtime).Store(&result)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
changes := make([]DisableUnitFileChange, len(result))
changesInterface := make([]interface{}, len(changes))
for i := range changes {
changesInterface[i] = &changes[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, changesInterface...)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return changes, nil
}
type DisableUnitFileChange struct {
Type string // Type of the change (one of symlink or unlink)
Filename string // File name of the symlink
Destination string // Destination of the symlink
}
// MaskUnitFiles masks one or more units in the system
//
// It takes three arguments:
// * list of units to mask (either just file names or full
// absolute paths if the unit files are residing outside
// the usual unit search paths)
// * runtime to specify whether the unit was enabled for runtime
// only (true, /run/systemd/..), or persistently (false, /etc/systemd/..)
// * force flag
func (c *Conn) MaskUnitFiles(files []string, runtime bool, force bool) ([]MaskUnitFileChange, error) {
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.MaskUnitFiles", 0, files, runtime, force).Store(&result)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
changes := make([]MaskUnitFileChange, len(result))
changesInterface := make([]interface{}, len(changes))
for i := range changes {
changesInterface[i] = &changes[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, changesInterface...)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return changes, nil
}
type MaskUnitFileChange struct {
Type string // Type of the change (one of symlink or unlink)
Filename string // File name of the symlink
Destination string // Destination of the symlink
}
// UnmaskUnitFiles unmasks one or more units in the system
//
// It takes two arguments:
// * list of unit files to mask (either just file names or full
// absolute paths if the unit files are residing outside
// the usual unit search paths)
// * runtime to specify whether the unit was enabled for runtime
// only (true, /run/systemd/..), or persistently (false, /etc/systemd/..)
func (c *Conn) UnmaskUnitFiles(files []string, runtime bool) ([]UnmaskUnitFileChange, error) {
result := make([][]interface{}, 0)
err := c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.UnmaskUnitFiles", 0, files, runtime).Store(&result)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
resultInterface := make([]interface{}, len(result))
for i := range result {
resultInterface[i] = result[i]
}
changes := make([]UnmaskUnitFileChange, len(result))
changesInterface := make([]interface{}, len(changes))
for i := range changes {
changesInterface[i] = &changes[i]
}
err = dbus.Store(resultInterface, changesInterface...)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return changes, nil
}
type UnmaskUnitFileChange struct {
Type string // Type of the change (one of symlink or unlink)
Filename string // File name of the symlink
Destination string // Destination of the symlink
}
// Reload instructs systemd to scan for and reload unit files. This is
// equivalent to a 'systemctl daemon-reload'.
func (c *Conn) Reload() error {
return c.sysobj.Call("org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager.Reload", 0).Store()
}
func unitPath(name string) dbus.ObjectPath {
return dbus.ObjectPath("/org/freedesktop/systemd1/unit/" + PathBusEscape(name))
}
// unitName returns the unescaped base element of the supplied escaped path
func unitName(dpath dbus.ObjectPath) string {
return pathBusUnescape(path.Base(string(dpath)))
}
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