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#!/bin/bash
# shellcheck disable=SC2059
#
#.USAGE
# To start, run:
# wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/danielewood/sierra-wireless-modems/master/autoflash-7455.sh && sudo bash autoflash-7455.sh
#.SYNOPSIS
# - Only for use on Ubuntu 18.04 (or later) LiveUSB
# - Changes all models of EM7455/MC7455 Modems to the Generic Sierra Wireless VID/PID
# - Flashes the Current Generic Firmware
#.DESCRIPTION
# - Only for use on Ubuntu 18.04 (or later) LiveUSB
# - All Needed Packages will Auto-Install
# - Sets MBIM Mode with AT Commands Access
# - Changes all models of EM74XX/MC74XX Modems to the Generic Sierra Wireless VID/PID
# - Clears Band Restrictions and Places Modem in LTE only mode.
# - Flashes the Current Generic Firmware
# - Sets PCOFFEN=2 to tell the modem to ignore the W_DISABLE pin sent by many laptop's internal M2 slots.
# - Sets FASTENUMEN=2 to skip bootloader on warm-boots.
# - This, combined with PCOFFEN enables these modems to work in the X1G6/T470 and newer laptops.
#.NOTES
# License: The Unlicense / CCZero / Public Domain
# Author: Daniel Wood / https://github.com/danielewood
#.LINK
# https://github.com/danielewood/sierra-wireless-modems
#.VERSION
# Version: 20201120
##################
### Pre-Checks ###
##################
if [ "$EUID" -ne 0 ]
then echo "Please run with sudo"
exit
fi
if [[ $(lsb_release -r | awk '{print ($2 >= "18.04")}') -eq 0 ]]; then
echo "Please run on Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic) or later"
lsb_release -a
exit
fi
#########################
### Variables & Input ###
#########################
CYAN='\033[0;36m'
NC='\033[0m' # No Color
function display_usage() {
printf "${CYAN}Usage:${NC} $0\n"
printf "\n"
printf "${CYAN}Modem Modes:${NC}\n"
printf " -h Display usage instructions\n"
printf " -u Set AT!USBSPEED\n"
printf " 0 - High Speed USB 2 ${CYAN}[Default]${NC}\n"
printf " 1 - SuperSpeed USB 3\n"
printf " -m Set AT!USBCOMP\n"
printf " 8 - MBIM mode (diag,nmea,modem,mbim) ${CYAN}[Default]${NC}\n"
printf " 6 - QMI mode (diag,nmea,modem,rmnet0)\n"
printf " -b Set AT!SELRAT and AT!BAND\n"
printf " 9 - LTE Only ${CYAN}[Default]${NC}\n"
printf " 0 - All Bands\n"
printf " -e Set AT!FASTENUMEN\n"
printf " 0 - Disable fast enumeration\n"
printf " 1 - Enable fast enumeration for cold boot and disable for warm boot\n"
printf " 2 - Enable fast enumeration for warm boot and disable for cold boot ${CYAN}[Default]${NC}\n"
printf " 3 - Enable fast enumeration for warm and cold boot\n"
printf "\n"
printf "${CYAN}Script Modes:${NC}\n"
printf " -a Enable All Script Functions ${CYAN}[Default]${NC}\n"
printf " Same as: $0 -Mgcdfs\n"
printf " -M Use swi_setusbcomp.pl to set modem composition\n"
printf " -g Display Modem Settings\n"
printf " -c Clear Existing Modem Firmwares\n"
printf " -d Download and Unpack Modem Firmware from Sierra Wireless\n"
printf " -f Flash Modem Firmware\n"
printf " -s Change Modem Settings/Modes\n"
printf " -l Legacy Stable Firmware\n"
printf " Set SWI9X30C_ZIP=\"SWI9X30C_02.30.01.01_GENERIC_002.045_001.zip\"\n"
printf " -q Quiet Mode -- suppress most output\n"
printf " -v Verbose/Debug Mode\n"
printf "\n"
exit 0
}
while getopts hu:m:b:e:Mgcdfsalqv option
do
case "${option}"
in
h) display_usage
exit 0;;
u) AT_USBSPEED=${OPTARG};;
m) AT_USBCOMP=${OPTARG};;
b) AT_SELRAT=${OPTARG};;
e) AT_FASTENUMEN=${OPTARG};;
M) set_swi_setusbcomp_trigger=1;;
g) get_modem_settings_trigger=1;;
c) clear_modem_firmware_trigger=1;;
d) download_modem_firmware_trigger=1;;
f) flash_modem_firmware_trigger=1;;
s) set_modem_settings_trigger=1;;
a) all_functions_trigger=1;;
l) SWI9X30C_ZIP='SWI9X30C_02.30.01.01_GENERIC_002.045_001.zip';;
q) quiet_trigger=1;;
v) verbose_trigger=1;;
*) display_usage>&2
exit 1;;
esac
done
#################
### Functions ###
#################
# If no options are set, use defaults of -Mgcdfs
if [[ -z $get_modem_settings_trigger && -z $clear_modem_firmware_trigger \
&& -z $download_modem_firmware_trigger && -z $flash_modem_firmware_trigger \
&& -z $set_modem_settings_trigger && -z $set_swi_setusbcomp_trigger ]]; then
all_functions_trigger=1
fi
if [[ all_functions_trigger -eq 1 ]]; then
get_modem_settings_trigger=1
clear_modem_firmware_trigger=1
download_modem_firmware_trigger=1
flash_modem_firmware_trigger=1
set_modem_settings_trigger=1
set_swi_setusbcomp_trigger=1
fi
function display_variables() {
echo "AT_USBSPEED=$AT_USBSPEED"
echo "AT_USBCOMP=$AT_USBCOMP"
echo "AT_SELRAT=$AT_SELRAT"
echo "AT_FASTENUMEN=$AT_FASTENUMEN"
echo "all_functions_trigger=$all_functions_trigger"
echo "get_modem_settings_trigger=$get_modem_settings_trigger"
echo "clear_modem_firmware_trigger=$clear_modem_firmware_trigger"
echo "download_modem_firmware_trigger=$download_modem_firmware_trigger"
echo "flash_modem_firmware_trigger=$flash_modem_firmware_trigger"
echo "set_modem_settings_trigger=$set_modem_settings_trigger"
echo "set_swi_setusbcomp_trigger=$set_swi_setusbcomp_trigger"
echo "SWI9X30C_CWE=$SWI9X30C_CWE"
echo "SWI9X30C_NVU=$SWI9X30C_NVU"
echo "AT_PRIID_STRING=$AT_PRIID_STRING"
echo "AT_PRIID_PN=$AT_PRIID_PN"
echo "AT_PRIID_REV=$AT_PRIID_REV"
}
function set_options() {
# See if QMI desired, otherwise default to MBIM
if [[ ${AT_USBCOMP^^} =~ ^QMI$|^6$ ]]; then
echo 'Setting QMI Mode for Modem'
echo 'Interface bitmask: 0000010D (diag,nmea,modem,rmnet0)'
AT_USBCOMP="1,1,0000010D"
swi_usbcomp='6'
else
echo 'Setting MBIM Mode for Modem'
echo 'Interface bitmask: 0000100D (diag,nmea,modem,mbim)'
AT_USBCOMP="1,1,0000100D"
swi_usbcomp='8'
fi
# Check for ALL/00 bands and set correct SELRAT/BAND, otherwise default to LTE
if [[ ${AT_SELRAT^^} =~ ^ALL$|^0$|^00$ ]]; then
AT_SELRAT='00'
AT_BAND='00'
else
AT_SELRAT='06'
AT_BAND='09'
fi
# Check if valid FASTENUMEN mode, otherwise default to 2
if [[ ! $AT_FASTENUMEN =~ ^[0-3]$ ]]; then
AT_FASTENUMEN=2
fi
#FASTENUMEN_MODES="0 = Disable fast enumeration [Default]
#1 = Enable fast enumeration for cold boot and disable for warm boot
#2 = Enable fast enumeration for warm boot and disable for cold boot
#3 = Enable fast enumeration for warm and cold boot"
#echo '"FASTENUMEN"—Enable/disable fast enumeration for warm/cold boot.'
#echo -n 'Set mode: ' && echo "$FASTENUMEN_MODES" | grep -E "^$AT_FASTENUMEN"
# Check desired USB interface mode, otherwise default to 0 (USB 2.0)
if [[ ${AT_USBSPEED^^} =~ SUPER|USB3|1 ]]; then
AT_USBSPEED=1
else
AT_USBSPEED=0
fi
}
function get_modem_deviceid() {
deviceid=''
while [ -z $deviceid ]
do
echo 'Waiting for modem to reboot...'
sleep 3
deviceid=$(lsusb | grep -i -E '1199:9071|1199:9079|413C:81B6' | awk '{print $6}')
done
sleep 3
ttyUSB=$(dmesg | grep '.3: Qualcomm USB modem converter detected' -A1 | grep -Eo 'ttyUSB[0-9]$' | tail -1)
devpath=$(find /dev -maxdepth 1 -regex '/dev/cdc-wdm[0-9]' -o -regex '/dev/qcqmi[0-9]')
}
function get_modem_bootloader_deviceid() {
deviceid=''
while [ -z $deviceid ]
do
echo 'Waiting for modem in boothold mode...'
sleep 2
deviceid=$(lsusb | grep -i -E '1199:9070|1199:9078|413C:81B5' | awk '{print $6}')
done
echo "Found $deviceid"
}
function reset_modem {
get_modem_deviceid
# Reset Modem
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo 'Reseting modem...'
./swi_setusbcomp.pl --usbreset --device="$devpath" &>/dev/null
}
function get_modem_settings() {
# cat the serial port to monitor output and commands. cat will exit when AT!RESET kicks off.
sudo cat /dev/"$ttyUSB" 2>&1 | tee -a modem.log &
# Display current modem settings
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo 'Current modem settings:'
echo 'send AT
send ATE1
sleep 1
send ATI
sleep 1
send AT!ENTERCND=\"A710\"
sleep 1
send AT!IMPREF?
sleep 1
send AT!GOBIIMPREF?
sleep 1
send AT!USBSPEED?
sleep 1
send AT!USBSPEED=?
sleep 1
send AT!USBCOMP?
sleep 1
send AT!USBCOMP=?
sleep 1
send AT!USBVID?
sleep 1
send AT!USBPID?
sleep 1
send AT!USBPRODUCT?
sleep 1
send AT!PRIID?
sleep 1
send AT!SELRAT?
sleep 1
send AT!BAND?
sleep 1
send AT!BAND=?
sleep 1
send AT!PCINFO?
sleep 1
send AT!PCOFFEN?
sleep 1
send AT!CUSTOM?
sleep 1
send AT!IMAGE?
sleep 1
! pkill cat
sleep 1
! pkill minicom
' > script.txt
sudo minicom -b 115200 -D /dev/"$ttyUSB" -S script.txt &>/dev/null
}
function clear_modem_firmware() {
# cat the serial port to monitor output and commands. cat will exit when AT!RESET kicks off.
sudo cat /dev/"$ttyUSB" 2>&1 | tee -a modem.log &
# Clear Previous PRI/FW Entries
echo 'send AT
send AT!IMAGE=0
sleep 1
send AT!IMAGE?
sleep 1
! pkill cat
sleep 1
! pkill minicom
' > script.txt
sudo minicom -b 115200 -D /dev/"$ttyUSB" -S script.txt &>/dev/null
}
function download_modem_firmware() {
# Find latest 7455 firmware and download it
if [[ -z $SWI9X30C_ZIP ]]; then
SWI9X30C_ZIP=$(curl https://source.sierrawireless.com/resources/airprime/minicard/74xx/airprime-em_mc74xx-approved-fw-packages/ 2> /dev/null | grep PTCRB -B1 | sed 's/,-d-,/./g' | grep -iEo '7455/swi9x30c[_0-9.]+_generic_[_0-9.]+' | cut -c 6- | tail -n1)
SWI9X30C_ZIP="${SWI9X30C_ZIP^^}"'zip'
fi
SWI9X30C_URL='https://source.sierrawireless.com/~/media/support_downloads/airprime/74xx/fw/7455/'"$SWI9X30C_ZIP"
SWI9X30C_LENGTH=$(curl -sI "$SWI9X30C_URL" | grep -i Content-Length | grep -Eo '[0-9]+')
# If remote file size is less than 40MiB, something went wrong, exit.
if [[ $SWI9X30C_LENGTH -lt 40000000 ]]; then
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
printf "Download of ${CYAN}$SWI9X30C_ZIP${NC} failed.\nFile size on server is too small, something is wrong, exiting...\n"
printf "Attempted download URL was: $SWI9X30C_URL\n"
printf "curl info:\n"
curl -sI "$SWI9X30C_URL"
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
exit
fi
if [[ $SWI9X30C_LENGTH -eq $(stat --printf="%s" "$SWI9X30C_ZIP" 2>/dev/null) ]]; then
echo "Already downloaded $SWI9X30C_ZIP..."
else
echo "Downloading $SWI9X30C_URL"
curl -o "$SWI9X30C_ZIP" "$SWI9X30C_URL"
fi
# If download size does not match what server says, exit:
if [[ $SWI9X30C_LENGTH -ne $(stat --printf="%s" "$SWI9X30C_ZIP" 2>/dev/null) ]]; then
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
printf "Download of ${CYAN}$SWI9X30C_ZIP${NC} failed.\nDownloaded file size is inconsistent with server, exiting...\n"
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
exit
fi
# Cleanup old CWE/NVUs
rm -f ./*.cwe ./*.nvu 2>/dev/null
# Unzip SWI9X30C, force overwrite
unzip -o "$SWI9X30C_ZIP"
}
function flash_modem_firmware() {
# Kill cat processes used for monitoring status, if it hasnt already exited
sudo pkill -9 cat &>/dev/null
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo "Flashing $SWI9X30C_CWE onto Generic Sierra Modem..."
sleep 5
qmi-firmware-update --reset -d "$deviceid"
get_modem_bootloader_deviceid
qmi-firmware-update --update-download -d "$deviceid" "$SWI9X30C_CWE" "$SWI9X30C_NVU"
rc=$?
if [[ $rc != 0 ]]
then
echo "Firmware Update failed, exiting..."
exit $rc
fi
}
function set_modem_settings() {
# cat the serial port to monitor output and commands. cat will exit when AT!RESET kicks off.
sudo cat /dev/"$ttyUSB" 2>&1 | tee -a modem.log &
# Set Generic Sierra Wireless VIDs/PIDs
cat <<EOF > script.txt
send AT
sleep 1
send ATE1
sleep 1
send ATI
sleep 1
send AT!ENTERCND=\"A710\"
sleep 1
send AT!IMPREF=\"GENERIC\"
sleep 1
send AT!GOBIIMPREF=\"GENERIC\"
sleep 1
send AT!USBCOMP=$AT_USBCOMP
sleep 1
send AT!USBVID=1199
sleep 1
send AT!USBPID=9071,9070
sleep 1
send AT!USBPRODUCT=\"EM7455\"
sleep 1
send AT!PRIID=\"$AT_PRIID_PN\",\"$AT_PRIID_REV\",\"Generic-Laptop\"
sleep 1
send AT!SELRAT=$AT_SELRAT
sleep 1
send AT!BAND=$AT_BAND
sleep 1
send AT!CUSTOM=\"FASTENUMEN\",$AT_FASTENUMEN
sleep 1
send AT!PCOFFEN=2
sleep 1
send AT!PCOFFEN?
sleep 1
send AT!USBSPEED=$AT_USBSPEED
sleep 1
send AT!USBSPEED?
sleep 1
send AT!USBSPEED=?
sleep 1
send AT!CUSTOM?
sleep 1
send AT!IMAGE?
sleep 1
send AT!PCINFO?
sleep 1
send AT!RESET
! pkill minicom
EOF
sudo minicom -b 115200 -D /dev/"$ttyUSB" -S script.txt &>/dev/null
}
function script_prechecks() {
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo 'Searching for EM7455/MC7455 USB modems...'
modemcount=$(lsusb | grep -c -i -E '1199:9071|1199:9079|413C:81B6')
while [ "$modemcount" -eq 0 ]
do
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo "Could not find any EM7455/MC7455 USB modems"
echo 'Unplug and reinsert the EM7455/MC7455 USB connector...'
modemcount=$(lsusb | grep -c -i -E '1199:9071|1199:9079|413C:81B6')
sleep 3
done
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo "Found EM7455/MC7455:
$(lsusb | grep -i -E '1199:9071|1199:9079|413C:81B6')
"
if [ "$modemcount" -gt 1 ]
then
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo "Found more than one EM7455/MC7455, remove the one you dont want to flash and try again."
exit
fi
# Stop modem manager to prevent AT command spam and allow firmware-update
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo 'Stoping modem manager to prevent AT command spam and allow firmware-update, this may take a minute...'
systemctl stop ModemManager &>/dev/null
systemctl disable ModemManager &>/dev/null
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo "Installing all needed prerequisites..."
add-apt-repository universe -y 1>/dev/null
apt update -y
# need make and GCC for compiling perl modules
apt-get install make gcc curl minicom libqmi-glib5 libqmi-proxy libqmi-utils unzip -y
# Use cpan to install/compile all dependencies needed by swi_setusbcomp.pl
yes | cpan install UUID::Tiny IPC::Shareable JSON
# Install Modem Mode Switcher
if [ ! -f swi_setusbcomp.pl ]; then
wget https://git.mork.no/wwan.git/plain/scripts/swi_setusbcomp.pl
fi
chmod +x ./swi_setusbcomp.pl
reset_modem
}
function set_swi_setusbcomp() {
# Modem Mode Switch to usbcomp=8 (DM NMEA AT MBIM)
printf "${CYAN}---${NC}\n"
echo "Running Modem Mode Switch to usbcomp=$swi_usbcomp"
./swi_setusbcomp.pl --usbcomp=$swi_usbcomp --device="$devpath"
reset_modem
# cat the serial port to monitor output and commands.
sudo cat /dev/"$ttyUSB" 2>&1 | tee -a modem.log &
# Set Generic Sierra Wireless VIDs/PIDs
cat <<EOF > script.txt
send AT
sleep 1
send AT!ENTERCND=\"A710\"
sleep 1
send AT!USBCOMP=$AT_USBCOMP
sleep 1
send AT!RESET
! pkill cat
sleep 1
! pkill minicom
EOF
sudo minicom -b 115200 -D /dev/"$ttyUSB" -S script.txt &>/dev/null
get_modem_deviceid
}
function script_cleanup() {
# Restart ModemManager
systemctl enable ModemManager &>/dev/null
systemctl start ModemManager &>/dev/null
echo "Done!"
# Kill cat processes used for monitoring status, if it hasnt already exited
sudo pkill -9 cat &>/dev/null
}
########################
### Script Execution ###
########################
if [[ $quiet_trigger ]]; then
script_prechecks &>/dev/null
else
script_prechecks
fi
set_options
devpath=$(find /dev -maxdepth 1 -regex '/dev/cdc-wdm[0-9]' -o -regex '/dev/qcqmi[0-9]')
if [[ $set_swi_setusbcomp_trigger ]]; then
set_swi_setusbcomp
fi
get_modem_deviceid
[[ $get_modem_settings_trigger ]] && get_modem_settings
if [[ $clear_modem_firmware_trigger ]]; then
clear_modem_firmware
get_modem_deviceid
fi
[[ $download_modem_firmware_trigger ]] && download_modem_firmware
SWI9X30C_CWE=$(find . -maxdepth 1 -type f -iregex '.*SWI9X30C[0-9_.]+\.cwe' | cut -c 3- | tail -n1)
SWI9X30C_NVU=$(find . -maxdepth 1 -type f -iregex '.*SWI9X30C[0-9_.]+generic[0-9_.]+\.nvu' | cut -c 3- | tail -n1)
AT_PRIID_STRING=$(strings "$SWI9X30C_NVU" | grep '^9999999_.*_SWI9X30C_' | sort -u | head -1)
AT_PRIID_PN="$(echo "$AT_PRIID_STRING" | awk -F'_' '{print $2}')"
AT_PRIID_REV="$(echo "$AT_PRIID_STRING" | grep -Eo '[0-9]{3}\.[0-9]{3}')"
[[ $flash_modem_firmware_trigger ]] && flash_modem_firmware
[[ $set_modem_settings_trigger ]] && set_modem_settings
[[ $verbose_trigger ]] && display_variables
script_cleanup
# Done
You can’t perform that action at this time.