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from __future__ import unicode_literals
import collections
import copy
import datetime
import decimal
import functools
import inspect
import re
import uuid
from collections import OrderedDict
from django.conf import settings
from django.core.exceptions import ObjectDoesNotExist
from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError as DjangoValidationError
from django.core.validators import (
EmailValidator, RegexValidator, URLValidator, ip_address_validators
)
from django.forms import FilePathField as DjangoFilePathField
from django.forms import ImageField as DjangoImageField
from django.utils import six, timezone
from django.utils.dateparse import (
parse_date, parse_datetime, parse_duration, parse_time
)
from django.utils.duration import duration_string
from django.utils.encoding import is_protected_type, smart_text
from django.utils.formats import localize_input, sanitize_separators
from django.utils.functional import lazy
from django.utils.ipv6 import clean_ipv6_address
from django.utils.timezone import utc
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
from pytz.exceptions import InvalidTimeError
from rest_framework import ISO_8601
from rest_framework.compat import (
MaxLengthValidator, MaxValueValidator, MinLengthValidator,
MinValueValidator, unicode_repr, unicode_to_repr
)
from rest_framework.exceptions import ErrorDetail, ValidationError
from rest_framework.settings import api_settings
from rest_framework.utils import html, humanize_datetime, json, representation
class empty:
"""
This class is used to represent no data being provided for a given input
or output value.
It is required because `None` may be a valid input or output value.
"""
pass
if six.PY3:
def is_simple_callable(obj):
"""
True if the object is a callable that takes no arguments.
"""
if not (inspect.isfunction(obj) or inspect.ismethod(obj) or isinstance(obj, functools.partial)):
return False
sig = inspect.signature(obj)
params = sig.parameters.values()
return all(
param.kind == param.VAR_POSITIONAL or
param.kind == param.VAR_KEYWORD or
param.default != param.empty
for param in params
)
else:
def is_simple_callable(obj):
function = inspect.isfunction(obj)
method = inspect.ismethod(obj)
if not (function or method):
return False
if method:
is_unbound = obj.im_self is None
args, _, _, defaults = inspect.getargspec(obj)
len_args = len(args) if function or is_unbound else len(args) - 1
len_defaults = len(defaults) if defaults else 0
return len_args <= len_defaults
def get_attribute(instance, attrs):
"""
Similar to Python's built in `getattr(instance, attr)`,
but takes a list of nested attributes, instead of a single attribute.
Also accepts either attribute lookup on objects or dictionary lookups.
"""
for attr in attrs:
try:
if isinstance(instance, collections.Mapping):
instance = instance[attr]
else:
instance = getattr(instance, attr)
except ObjectDoesNotExist:
return None
if is_simple_callable(instance):
try:
instance = instance()
except (AttributeError, KeyError) as exc:
# If we raised an Attribute or KeyError here it'd get treated
# as an omitted field in `Field.get_attribute()`. Instead we
# raise a ValueError to ensure the exception is not masked.
raise ValueError('Exception raised in callable attribute "{0}"; original exception was: {1}'.format(attr, exc))
return instance
def set_value(dictionary, keys, value):
"""
Similar to Python's built in `dictionary[key] = value`,
but takes a list of nested keys instead of a single key.
set_value({'a': 1}, [], {'b': 2}) -> {'a': 1, 'b': 2}
set_value({'a': 1}, ['x'], 2) -> {'a': 1, 'x': 2}
set_value({'a': 1}, ['x', 'y'], 2) -> {'a': 1, 'x': {'y': 2}}
"""
if not keys:
dictionary.update(value)
return
for key in keys[:-1]:
if key not in dictionary:
dictionary[key] = {}
dictionary = dictionary[key]
dictionary[keys[-1]] = value
def to_choices_dict(choices):
"""
Convert choices into key/value dicts.
to_choices_dict([1]) -> {1: 1}
to_choices_dict([(1, '1st'), (2, '2nd')]) -> {1: '1st', 2: '2nd'}
to_choices_dict([('Group', ((1, '1st'), 2))]) -> {'Group': {1: '1st', 2: '2'}}
"""
# Allow single, paired or grouped choices style:
# choices = [1, 2, 3]
# choices = [(1, 'First'), (2, 'Second'), (3, 'Third')]
# choices = [('Category', ((1, 'First'), (2, 'Second'))), (3, 'Third')]
ret = OrderedDict()
for choice in choices:
if not isinstance(choice, (list, tuple)):
# single choice
ret[choice] = choice
else:
key, value = choice
if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
# grouped choices (category, sub choices)
ret[key] = to_choices_dict(value)
else:
# paired choice (key, display value)
ret[key] = value
return ret
def flatten_choices_dict(choices):
"""
Convert a group choices dict into a flat dict of choices.
flatten_choices_dict({1: '1st', 2: '2nd'}) -> {1: '1st', 2: '2nd'}
flatten_choices_dict({'Group': {1: '1st', 2: '2nd'}}) -> {1: '1st', 2: '2nd'}
"""
ret = OrderedDict()
for key, value in choices.items():
if isinstance(value, dict):
# grouped choices (category, sub choices)
for sub_key, sub_value in value.items():
ret[sub_key] = sub_value
else:
# choice (key, display value)
ret[key] = value
return ret
def iter_options(grouped_choices, cutoff=None, cutoff_text=None):
"""
Helper function for options and option groups in templates.
"""
class StartOptionGroup(object):
start_option_group = True
end_option_group = False
def __init__(self, label):
self.label = label
class EndOptionGroup(object):
start_option_group = False
end_option_group = True
class Option(object):
start_option_group = False
end_option_group = False
def __init__(self, value, display_text, disabled=False):
self.value = value
self.display_text = display_text
self.disabled = disabled
count = 0
for key, value in grouped_choices.items():
if cutoff and count >= cutoff:
break
if isinstance(value, dict):
yield StartOptionGroup(label=key)
for sub_key, sub_value in value.items():
if cutoff and count >= cutoff:
break
yield Option(value=sub_key, display_text=sub_value)
count += 1
yield EndOptionGroup()
else:
yield Option(value=key, display_text=value)
count += 1
if cutoff and count >= cutoff and cutoff_text:
cutoff_text = cutoff_text.format(count=cutoff)
yield Option(value='n/a', display_text=cutoff_text, disabled=True)
def get_error_detail(exc_info):
"""
Given a Django ValidationError, return a list of ErrorDetail,
with the `code` populated.
"""
code = getattr(exc_info, 'code', None) or 'invalid'
try:
error_dict = exc_info.error_dict
except AttributeError:
return [
ErrorDetail(error.message % (error.params or ()),
code=error.code if error.code else code)
for error in exc_info.error_list]
return {
k: [
ErrorDetail(error.message % (error.params or ()),
code=error.code if error.code else code)
for error in errors
] for k, errors in error_dict.items()
}
class CreateOnlyDefault(object):
"""
This class may be used to provide default values that are only used
for create operations, but that do not return any value for update
operations.
"""
def __init__(self, default):
self.default = default
def set_context(self, serializer_field):
self.is_update = serializer_field.parent.instance is not None
if callable(self.default) and hasattr(self.default, 'set_context') and not self.is_update:
self.default.set_context(serializer_field)
def __call__(self):
if self.is_update:
raise SkipField()
if callable(self.default):
return self.default()
return self.default
def __repr__(self):
return unicode_to_repr(
'%s(%s)' % (self.__class__.__name__, unicode_repr(self.default))
)
class CurrentUserDefault(object):
def set_context(self, serializer_field):
self.user = serializer_field.context['request'].user
def __call__(self):
return self.user
def __repr__(self):
return unicode_to_repr('%s()' % self.__class__.__name__)
class SkipField(Exception):
pass
REGEX_TYPE = type(re.compile(''))
NOT_READ_ONLY_WRITE_ONLY = 'May not set both `read_only` and `write_only`'
NOT_READ_ONLY_REQUIRED = 'May not set both `read_only` and `required`'
NOT_REQUIRED_DEFAULT = 'May not set both `required` and `default`'
USE_READONLYFIELD = 'Field(read_only=True) should be ReadOnlyField'
MISSING_ERROR_MESSAGE = (
'ValidationError raised by `{class_name}`, but error key `{key}` does '
'not exist in the `error_messages` dictionary.'
)
class Field(object):
_creation_counter = 0
default_error_messages = {
'required': _('This field is required.'),
'null': _('This field may not be null.')
}
default_validators = []
default_empty_html = empty
initial = None
def __init__(self, read_only=False, write_only=False,
required=None, default=empty, initial=empty, source=None,
label=None, help_text=None, style=None,
error_messages=None, validators=None, allow_null=False):
self._creation_counter = Field._creation_counter
Field._creation_counter += 1
# If `required` is unset, then use `True` unless a default is provided.
if required is None:
required = default is empty and not read_only
# Some combinations of keyword arguments do not make sense.
assert not (read_only and write_only), NOT_READ_ONLY_WRITE_ONLY
assert not (read_only and required), NOT_READ_ONLY_REQUIRED
assert not (required and default is not empty), NOT_REQUIRED_DEFAULT
assert not (read_only and self.__class__ == Field), USE_READONLYFIELD
self.read_only = read_only
self.write_only = write_only
self.required = required
self.default = default
self.source = source
self.initial = self.initial if (initial is empty) else initial
self.label = label
self.help_text = help_text
self.style = {} if style is None else style
self.allow_null = allow_null
if self.default_empty_html is not empty:
if default is not empty:
self.default_empty_html = default
if validators is not None:
self.validators = validators[:]
# These are set up by `.bind()` when the field is added to a serializer.
self.field_name = None
self.parent = None
# Collect default error message from self and parent classes
messages = {}
for cls in reversed(self.__class__.__mro__):
messages.update(getattr(cls, 'default_error_messages', {}))
messages.update(error_messages or {})
self.error_messages = messages
def bind(self, field_name, parent):
"""
Initializes the field name and parent for the field instance.
Called when a field is added to the parent serializer instance.
"""
# In order to enforce a consistent style, we error if a redundant
# 'source' argument has been used. For example:
# my_field = serializer.CharField(source='my_field')
assert self.source != field_name, (
"It is redundant to specify `source='%s'` on field '%s' in "
"serializer '%s', because it is the same as the field name. "
"Remove the `source` keyword argument." %
(field_name, self.__class__.__name__, parent.__class__.__name__)
)
self.field_name = field_name
self.parent = parent
# `self.label` should default to being based on the field name.
if self.label is None:
self.label = field_name.replace('_', ' ').capitalize()
# self.source should default to being the same as the field name.
if self.source is None:
self.source = field_name
# self.source_attrs is a list of attributes that need to be looked up
# when serializing the instance, or populating the validated data.
if self.source == '*':
self.source_attrs = []
else:
self.source_attrs = self.source.split('.')
# .validators is a lazily loaded property, that gets its default
# value from `get_validators`.
@property
def validators(self):
if not hasattr(self, '_validators'):
self._validators = self.get_validators()
return self._validators
@validators.setter
def validators(self, validators):
self._validators = validators
def get_validators(self):
return self.default_validators[:]
def get_initial(self):
"""
Return a value to use when the field is being returned as a primitive
value, without any object instance.
"""
if callable(self.initial):
return self.initial()
return self.initial
def get_value(self, dictionary):
"""
Given the *incoming* primitive data, return the value for this field
that should be validated and transformed to a native value.
"""
if html.is_html_input(dictionary):
# HTML forms will represent empty fields as '', and cannot
# represent None or False values directly.
if self.field_name not in dictionary:
if getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
return empty
return self.default_empty_html
ret = dictionary[self.field_name]
if ret == '' and self.allow_null:
# If the field is blank, and null is a valid value then
# determine if we should use null instead.
return '' if getattr(self, 'allow_blank', False) else None
elif ret == '' and not self.required:
# If the field is blank, and emptiness is valid then
# determine if we should use emptiness instead.
return '' if getattr(self, 'allow_blank', False) else empty
return ret
return dictionary.get(self.field_name, empty)
def get_attribute(self, instance):
"""
Given the *outgoing* object instance, return the primitive value
that should be used for this field.
"""
try:
return get_attribute(instance, self.source_attrs)
except (KeyError, AttributeError) as exc:
if self.default is not empty:
return self.get_default()
if self.allow_null:
return None
if not self.required:
raise SkipField()
msg = (
'Got {exc_type} when attempting to get a value for field '
'`{field}` on serializer `{serializer}`.\nThe serializer '
'field might be named incorrectly and not match '
'any attribute or key on the `{instance}` instance.\n'
'Original exception text was: {exc}.'.format(
exc_type=type(exc).__name__,
field=self.field_name,
serializer=self.parent.__class__.__name__,
instance=instance.__class__.__name__,
exc=exc
)
)
raise type(exc)(msg)
def get_default(self):
"""
Return the default value to use when validating data if no input
is provided for this field.
If a default has not been set for this field then this will simply
raise `SkipField`, indicating that no value should be set in the
validated data for this field.
"""
if self.default is empty or getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
# No default, or this is a partial update.
raise SkipField()
if callable(self.default):
if hasattr(self.default, 'set_context'):
self.default.set_context(self)
return self.default()
return self.default
def validate_empty_values(self, data):
"""
Validate empty values, and either:
* Raise `ValidationError`, indicating invalid data.
* Raise `SkipField`, indicating that the field should be ignored.
* Return (True, data), indicating an empty value that should be
returned without any further validation being applied.
* Return (False, data), indicating a non-empty value, that should
have validation applied as normal.
"""
if self.read_only:
return (True, self.get_default())
if data is empty:
if getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
raise SkipField()
if self.required:
self.fail('required')
return (True, self.get_default())
if data is None:
if not self.allow_null:
self.fail('null')
return (True, None)
return (False, data)
def run_validation(self, data=empty):
"""
Validate a simple representation and return the internal value.
The provided data may be `empty` if no representation was included
in the input.
May raise `SkipField` if the field should not be included in the
validated data.
"""
(is_empty_value, data) = self.validate_empty_values(data)
if is_empty_value:
return data
value = self.to_internal_value(data)
self.run_validators(value)
return value
def run_validators(self, value):
"""
Test the given value against all the validators on the field,
and either raise a `ValidationError` or simply return.
"""
errors = []
for validator in self.validators:
if hasattr(validator, 'set_context'):
validator.set_context(self)
try:
validator(value)
except ValidationError as exc:
# If the validation error contains a mapping of fields to
# errors then simply raise it immediately rather than
# attempting to accumulate a list of errors.
if isinstance(exc.detail, dict):
raise
errors.extend(exc.detail)
except DjangoValidationError as exc:
errors.extend(get_error_detail(exc))
if errors:
raise ValidationError(errors)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
"""
Transform the *incoming* primitive data into a native value.
"""
raise NotImplementedError(
'{cls}.to_internal_value() must be implemented.'.format(
cls=self.__class__.__name__
)
)
def to_representation(self, value):
"""
Transform the *outgoing* native value into primitive data.
"""
raise NotImplementedError(
'{cls}.to_representation() must be implemented for field '
'{field_name}. If you do not need to support write operations '
'you probably want to subclass `ReadOnlyField` instead.'.format(
cls=self.__class__.__name__,
field_name=self.field_name,
)
)
def fail(self, key, **kwargs):
"""
A helper method that simply raises a validation error.
"""
try:
msg = self.error_messages[key]
except KeyError:
class_name = self.__class__.__name__
msg = MISSING_ERROR_MESSAGE.format(class_name=class_name, key=key)
raise AssertionError(msg)
message_string = msg.format(**kwargs)
raise ValidationError(message_string, code=key)
@property
def root(self):
"""
Returns the top-level serializer for this field.
"""
root = self
while root.parent is not None:
root = root.parent
return root
@property
def context(self):
"""
Returns the context as passed to the root serializer on initialization.
"""
return getattr(self.root, '_context', {})
def __new__(cls, *args, **kwargs):
"""
When a field is instantiated, we store the arguments that were used,
so that we can present a helpful representation of the object.
"""
instance = super(Field, cls).__new__(cls)
instance._args = args
instance._kwargs = kwargs
return instance
def __deepcopy__(self, memo):
"""
When cloning fields we instantiate using the arguments it was
originally created with, rather than copying the complete state.
"""
# Treat regexes and validators as immutable.
# See https://github.com/encode/django-rest-framework/issues/1954
# and https://github.com/encode/django-rest-framework/pull/4489
args = [
copy.deepcopy(item) if not isinstance(item, REGEX_TYPE) else item
for item in self._args
]
kwargs = {
key: (copy.deepcopy(value) if (key not in ('validators', 'regex')) else value)
for key, value in self._kwargs.items()
}
return self.__class__(*args, **kwargs)
def __repr__(self):
"""
Fields are represented using their initial calling arguments.
This allows us to create descriptive representations for serializer
instances that show all the declared fields on the serializer.
"""
return unicode_to_repr(representation.field_repr(self))
# Boolean types...
class BooleanField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Must be a valid boolean.')
}
default_empty_html = False
initial = False
TRUE_VALUES = {
't', 'T',
'y', 'Y', 'yes', 'YES',
'true', 'True', 'TRUE',
'on', 'On', 'ON',
'1', 1,
True
}
FALSE_VALUES = {
'f', 'F',
'n', 'N', 'no', 'NO',
'false', 'False', 'FALSE',
'off', 'Off', 'OFF',
'0', 0, 0.0,
False
}
NULL_VALUES = {'null', 'Null', 'NULL', '', None}
def to_internal_value(self, data):
try:
if data in self.TRUE_VALUES:
return True
elif data in self.FALSE_VALUES:
return False
elif data in self.NULL_VALUES and self.allow_null:
return None
except TypeError: # Input is an unhashable type
pass
self.fail('invalid', input=data)
def to_representation(self, value):
if value in self.TRUE_VALUES:
return True
elif value in self.FALSE_VALUES:
return False
if value in self.NULL_VALUES and self.allow_null:
return None
return bool(value)
class NullBooleanField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Must be a valid boolean.')
}
initial = None
TRUE_VALUES = {
't', 'T',
'y', 'Y', 'yes', 'YES',
'true', 'True', 'TRUE',
'on', 'On', 'ON',
'1', 1,
True
}
FALSE_VALUES = {
'f', 'F',
'n', 'N', 'no', 'NO',
'false', 'False', 'FALSE',
'off', 'Off', 'OFF',
'0', 0, 0.0,
False
}
NULL_VALUES = {'null', 'Null', 'NULL', '', None}
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
assert 'allow_null' not in kwargs, '`allow_null` is not a valid option.'
kwargs['allow_null'] = True
super(NullBooleanField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
try:
if data in self.TRUE_VALUES:
return True
elif data in self.FALSE_VALUES:
return False
elif data in self.NULL_VALUES:
return None
except TypeError: # Input is an unhashable type
pass
self.fail('invalid', input=data)
def to_representation(self, value):
if value in self.NULL_VALUES:
return None
if value in self.TRUE_VALUES:
return True
elif value in self.FALSE_VALUES:
return False
return bool(value)
# String types...
class CharField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Not a valid string.'),
'blank': _('This field may not be blank.'),
'max_length': _('Ensure this field has no more than {max_length} characters.'),
'min_length': _('Ensure this field has at least {min_length} characters.')
}
initial = ''
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
self.allow_blank = kwargs.pop('allow_blank', False)
self.trim_whitespace = kwargs.pop('trim_whitespace', True)
self.max_length = kwargs.pop('max_length', None)
self.min_length = kwargs.pop('min_length', None)
super(CharField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
if self.max_length is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['max_length'].format,
six.text_type)(max_length=self.max_length)
self.validators.append(
MaxLengthValidator(self.max_length, message=message))
if self.min_length is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['min_length'].format,
six.text_type)(min_length=self.min_length)
self.validators.append(
MinLengthValidator(self.min_length, message=message))
def run_validation(self, data=empty):
# Test for the empty string here so that it does not get validated,
# and so that subclasses do not need to handle it explicitly
# inside the `to_internal_value()` method.
if data == '' or (self.trim_whitespace and six.text_type(data).strip() == ''):
if not self.allow_blank:
self.fail('blank')
return ''
return super(CharField, self).run_validation(data)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
# We're lenient with allowing basic numerics to be coerced into strings,
# but other types should fail. Eg. unclear if booleans should represent as `true` or `True`,
# and composites such as lists are likely user error.
if isinstance(data, bool) or not isinstance(data, six.string_types + six.integer_types + (float,)):
self.fail('invalid')
value = six.text_type(data)
return value.strip() if self.trim_whitespace else value
def to_representation(self, value):
return six.text_type(value)
class EmailField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Enter a valid email address.')
}
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
super(EmailField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
validator = EmailValidator(message=self.error_messages['invalid'])
self.validators.append(validator)
class RegexField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('This value does not match the required pattern.')
}
def __init__(self, regex, **kwargs):
super(RegexField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
validator = RegexValidator(regex, message=self.error_messages['invalid'])
self.validators.append(validator)
class SlugField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Enter a valid "slug" consisting of letters, numbers, underscores or hyphens.'),
'invalid_unicode': _('Enter a valid "slug" consisting of Unicode letters, numbers, underscores, or hyphens.')
}
def __init__(self, allow_unicode=False, **kwargs):
super(SlugField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
self.allow_unicode = allow_unicode
if self.allow_unicode:
validator = RegexValidator(re.compile(r'^[-\w]+\Z', re.UNICODE), message=self.error_messages['invalid_unicode'])
else:
validator = RegexValidator(re.compile(r'^[-a-zA-Z0-9_]+$'), message=self.error_messages['invalid'])
self.validators.append(validator)
class URLField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Enter a valid URL.')
}
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
super(URLField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
validator = URLValidator(message=self.error_messages['invalid'])
self.validators.append(validator)
class UUIDField(Field):
valid_formats = ('hex_verbose', 'hex', 'int', 'urn')
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Must be a valid UUID.'),
}
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
self.uuid_format = kwargs.pop('format', 'hex_verbose')
if self.uuid_format not in self.valid_formats:
raise ValueError(
'Invalid format for uuid representation. '
'Must be one of "{0}"'.format('", "'.join(self.valid_formats))
)
super(UUIDField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
if not isinstance(data, uuid.UUID):
try:
if isinstance(data, six.integer_types):
return uuid.UUID(int=data)
elif isinstance(data, six.string_types):
return uuid.UUID(hex=data)
else:
self.fail('invalid', value=data)
except (ValueError):
self.fail('invalid', value=data)
return data
def to_representation(self, value):
if self.uuid_format == 'hex_verbose':
return str(value)
else:
return getattr(value, self.uuid_format)
class IPAddressField(CharField):
"""Support both IPAddressField and GenericIPAddressField"""
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Enter a valid IPv4 or IPv6 address.'),
}
def __init__(self, protocol='both', **kwargs):
self.protocol = protocol.lower()
self.unpack_ipv4 = (self.protocol == 'both')
super(IPAddressField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
validators, error_message = ip_address_validators(protocol, self.unpack_ipv4)
self.validators.extend(validators)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
if not isinstance(data, six.string_types):
self.fail('invalid', value=data)
if ':' in data:
try:
if self.protocol in ('both', 'ipv6'):
return clean_ipv6_address(data, self.unpack_ipv4)
except DjangoValidationError:
self.fail('invalid', value=data)
return super(IPAddressField, self).to_internal_value(data)
# Number types...
class IntegerField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('A valid integer is required.'),
'max_value': _('Ensure this value is less than or equal to {max_value}.'),
'min_value': _('Ensure this value is greater than or equal to {min_value}.'),
'max_string_length': _('String value too large.')
}
MAX_STRING_LENGTH = 1000 # Guard against malicious string inputs.
re_decimal = re.compile(r'\.0*\s*$') # allow e.g. '1.0' as an int, but not '1.2'
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
self.max_value = kwargs.pop('max_value', None)
self.min_value = kwargs.pop('min_value', None)
super(IntegerField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
if self.max_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['max_value'].format,
six.text_type)(max_value=self.max_value)
self.validators.append(
MaxValueValidator(self.max_value, message=message))
if self.min_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['min_value'].format,
six.text_type)(min_value=self.min_value)
self.validators.append(
MinValueValidator(self.min_value, message=message))
def to_internal_value(self, data):
if isinstance(data, six.text_type) and len(data) > self.MAX_STRING_LENGTH:
self.fail('max_string_length')
try:
data = int(self.re_decimal.sub('', str(data)))
except (ValueError, TypeError):
self.fail('invalid')
return data
def to_representation(self, value):
return int(value)
class FloatField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('A valid number is required.'),
'max_value': _('Ensure this value is less than or equal to {max_value}.'),
'min_value': _('Ensure this value is greater than or equal to {min_value}.'),
'max_string_length': _('String value too large.')
}
MAX_STRING_LENGTH = 1000 # Guard against malicious string inputs.
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
self.max_value = kwargs.pop('max_value', None)
self.min_value = kwargs.pop('min_value', None)
super(FloatField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
if self.max_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['max_value'].format,
six.text_type)(max_value=self.max_value)
self.validators.append(
MaxValueValidator(self.max_value, message=message))
if self.min_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['min_value'].format,
six.text_type)(min_value=self.min_value)
self.validators.append(
MinValueValidator(self.min_value, message=message))
def to_internal_value(self, data):
if isinstance(data, six.text_type) and len(data) > self.MAX_STRING_LENGTH:
self.fail('max_string_length')
try:
return float(data)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
self.fail('invalid')
def to_representation(self, value):
return float(value)
class DecimalField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('A valid number is required.'),
'max_value': _('Ensure this value is less than or equal to {max_value}.'),
'min_value': _('Ensure this value is greater than or equal to {min_value}.'),
'max_digits': _('Ensure that there are no more than {max_digits} digits in total.'),
'max_decimal_places': _('Ensure that there are no more than {max_decimal_places} decimal places.'),
'max_whole_digits': _('Ensure that there are no more than {max_whole_digits} digits before the decimal point.'),
'max_string_length': _('String value too large.')
}
MAX_STRING_LENGTH = 1000 # Guard against malicious string inputs.
def __init__(self, max_digits, decimal_places, coerce_to_string=None, max_value=None, min_value=None,
localize=False, rounding=None, **kwargs):
self.max_digits = max_digits
self.decimal_places = decimal_places
self.localize = localize
if coerce_to_string is not None:
self.coerce_to_string = coerce_to_string
if self.localize:
self.coerce_to_string = True
self.max_value = max_value
self.min_value = min_value
if self.max_digits is not None and self.decimal_places is not None:
self.max_whole_digits = self.max_digits - self.decimal_places
else:
self.max_whole_digits = None
super(DecimalField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
if self.max_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['max_value'].format,
six.text_type)(max_value=self.max_value)
self.validators.append(
MaxValueValidator(self.max_value, message=message))
if self.min_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['min_value'].format,
six.text_type)(min_value=self.min_value)
self.validators.append(
MinValueValidator(self.min_value, message=message))
if rounding is not None:
valid_roundings = [v for k, v in vars(decimal).items() if k.startswith('ROUND_')]
assert rounding in valid_roundings, (
'Invalid rounding option %s. Valid values for rounding are: %s' % (rounding, valid_roundings))
self.rounding = rounding
def to_internal_value(self, data):
"""
Validate that the input is a decimal number and return a Decimal
instance.
"""
data = smart_text(data).strip()
if self.localize:
data = sanitize_separators(data)
if len(data) > self.MAX_STRING_LENGTH:
self.fail('max_string_length')
try:
value = decimal.Decimal(data)
except decimal.DecimalException:
self.fail('invalid')
# Check for NaN. It is the only value that isn't equal to itself,
# so we can use this to identify NaN values.
if value != value:
self.fail('invalid')
# Check for infinity and negative infinity.
if value in (decimal.Decimal('Inf'), decimal.Decimal('-Inf')):
self.fail('invalid')
return self.quantize(self.validate_precision(value))
def validate_precision(self, value):
"""
Ensure that there are no more than max_digits in the number, and no
more than decimal_places digits after the decimal point.
Override this method to disable the precision validation for input
values or to enhance it in any way you need to.
"""
sign, digittuple, exponent = value.as_tuple()
if exponent >= 0:
# 1234500.0
total_digits = len(digittuple) + exponent
whole_digits = total_digits
decimal_places = 0
elif len(digittuple) > abs(exponent):
# 123.45
total_digits = len(digittuple)
whole_digits = total_digits - abs(exponent)
decimal_places = abs(exponent)
else:
# 0.001234
total_digits = abs(exponent)
whole_digits = 0
decimal_places = total_digits
if self.max_digits is not None and total_digits > self.max_digits:
self.fail('max_digits', max_digits=self.max_digits)
if self.decimal_places is not None and decimal_places > self.decimal_places:
self.fail('max_decimal_places', max_decimal_places=self.decimal_places)
if self.max_whole_digits is not None and whole_digits > self.max_whole_digits:
self.fail('max_whole_digits', max_whole_digits=self.max_whole_digits)
return value
def to_representation(self, value):
coerce_to_string = getattr(self, 'coerce_to_string', api_settings.COERCE_DECIMAL_TO_STRING)
if not isinstance(value, decimal.Decimal):
value = decimal.Decimal(six.text_type(value).strip())
quantized = self.quantize(value)
if not coerce_to_string:
return quantized
if self.localize:
return localize_input(quantized)
return '{0:f}'.format(quantized)
def quantize(self, value):
"""
Quantize the decimal value to the configured precision.
"""
if self.decimal_places is None:
return value
context = decimal.getcontext().copy()
if self.max_digits is not None:
context.prec = self.max_digits
return value.quantize(
decimal.Decimal('.1') ** self.decimal_places,
rounding=self.rounding,
context=context
)
# Date & time fields...
class DateTimeField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Datetime has wrong format. Use one of these formats instead: {format}.'),
'date': _('Expected a datetime but got a date.'),
'make_aware': _('Invalid datetime for the timezone "{timezone}".'),
'overflow': _('Datetime value out of range.')
}
datetime_parser = datetime.datetime.strptime
def __init__(self, format=empty, input_formats=None, default_timezone=None, *args, **kwargs):
if format is not empty:
self.format = format
if input_formats is not None:
self.input_formats = input_formats
if default_timezone is not None:
self.timezone = default_timezone
super(DateTimeField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def enforce_timezone(self, value):
"""
When `self.default_timezone` is `None`, always return naive datetimes.
When `self.default_timezone` is not `None`, always return aware datetimes.
"""
field_timezone = getattr(self, 'timezone', self.default_timezone())
if field_timezone is not None:
if timezone.is_aware(value):
try:
return value.astimezone(field_timezone)
except OverflowError:
self.fail('overflow')
try:
return timezone.make_aware(value, field_timezone)
except InvalidTimeError:
self.fail('make_aware', timezone=field_timezone)
elif (field_timezone is None) and timezone.is_aware(value):
return timezone.make_naive(value, utc)
return value
def default_timezone(self):
return timezone.get_current_timezone() if settings.USE_TZ else None
def to_internal_value(self, value):
input_formats = getattr(self, 'input_formats', api_settings.DATETIME_INPUT_FORMATS)
if isinstance(value, datetime.date) and not isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
self.fail('date')
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
return self.enforce_timezone(value)
for input_format in input_formats:
if input_format.lower() == ISO_8601:
try:
parsed = parse_datetime(value)
if parsed is not None:
return self.enforce_timezone(parsed)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
pass
else:
try:
parsed = self.datetime_parser(value, input_format)
return self.enforce_timezone(parsed)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
pass
humanized_format = humanize_datetime.datetime_formats(input_formats)
self.fail('invalid', format=humanized_format)
def to_representation(self, value):
if not value:
return None
output_format = getattr(self, 'format', api_settings.DATETIME_FORMAT)
if output_format is None or isinstance(value, six.string_types):
return value
value = self.enforce_timezone(value)
if output_format.lower() == ISO_8601:
value = value.isoformat()
if value.endswith('+00:00'):
value = value[:-6] + 'Z'
return value
return value.strftime(output_format)
class DateField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Date has wrong format. Use one of these formats instead: {format}.'),
'datetime': _('Expected a date but got a datetime.'),
}
datetime_parser = datetime.datetime.strptime
def __init__(self, format=empty, input_formats=None, *args, **kwargs):
if format is not empty:
self.format = format
if input_formats is not None:
self.input_formats = input_formats
super(DateField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, value):
input_formats = getattr(self, 'input_formats', api_settings.DATE_INPUT_FORMATS)
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
self.fail('datetime')
if isinstance(value, datetime.date):
return value
for input_format in input_formats:
if input_format.lower() == ISO_8601:
try:
parsed = parse_date(value)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
pass
else:
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
else:
try:
parsed = self.datetime_parser(value, input_format)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
pass
else:
return parsed.date()
humanized_format = humanize_datetime.date_formats(input_formats)
self.fail('invalid', format=humanized_format)
def to_representation(self, value):
if not value:
return None
output_format = getattr(self, 'format', api_settings.DATE_FORMAT)
if output_format is None or isinstance(value, six.string_types):
return value
# Applying a `DateField` to a datetime value is almost always
# not a sensible thing to do, as it means naively dropping
# any explicit or implicit timezone info.
assert not isinstance(value, datetime.datetime), (
'Expected a `date`, but got a `datetime`. Refusing to coerce, '
'as this may mean losing timezone information. Use a custom '
'read-only field and deal with timezone issues explicitly.'
)
if output_format.lower() == ISO_8601:
return value.isoformat()
return value.strftime(output_format)
class TimeField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Time has wrong format. Use one of these formats instead: {format}.'),
}
datetime_parser = datetime.datetime.strptime
def __init__(self, format=empty, input_formats=None, *args, **kwargs):
if format is not empty:
self.format = format
if input_formats is not None:
self.input_formats = input_formats
super(TimeField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, value):
input_formats = getattr(self, 'input_formats', api_settings.TIME_INPUT_FORMATS)
if isinstance(value, datetime.time):
return value
for input_format in input_formats:
if input_format.lower() == ISO_8601:
try:
parsed = parse_time(value)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
pass
else:
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
else:
try:
parsed = self.datetime_parser(value, input_format)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
pass
else:
return parsed.time()
humanized_format = humanize_datetime.time_formats(input_formats)
self.fail('invalid', format=humanized_format)
def to_representation(self, value):
if value in (None, ''):
return None
output_format = getattr(self, 'format', api_settings.TIME_FORMAT)
if output_format is None or isinstance(value, six.string_types):
return value
# Applying a `TimeField` to a datetime value is almost always
# not a sensible thing to do, as it means naively dropping
# any explicit or implicit timezone info.
assert not isinstance(value, datetime.datetime), (
'Expected a `time`, but got a `datetime`. Refusing to coerce, '
'as this may mean losing timezone information. Use a custom '
'read-only field and deal with timezone issues explicitly.'
)
if output_format.lower() == ISO_8601:
return value.isoformat()
return value.strftime(output_format)
class DurationField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Duration has wrong format. Use one of these formats instead: {format}.'),
'max_value': _('Ensure this value is less than or equal to {max_value}.'),
'min_value': _('Ensure this value is greater than or equal to {min_value}.'),
}
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
self.max_value = kwargs.pop('max_value', None)
self.min_value = kwargs.pop('min_value', None)
super(DurationField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
if self.max_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['max_value'].format,
six.text_type)(max_value=self.max_value)
self.validators.append(
MaxValueValidator(self.max_value, message=message))
if self.min_value is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['min_value'].format,
six.text_type)(min_value=self.min_value)
self.validators.append(
MinValueValidator(self.min_value, message=message))
def to_internal_value(self, value):
if isinstance(value, datetime.timedelta):
return value
parsed = parse_duration(six.text_type(value))
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
self.fail('invalid', format='[DD] [HH:[MM:]]ss[.uuuuuu]')
def to_representation(self, value):
return duration_string(value)
# Choice types...
class ChoiceField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_choice': _('"{input}" is not a valid choice.')
}
html_cutoff = None
html_cutoff_text = _('More than {count} items...')
def __init__(self, choices, **kwargs):
self.choices = choices
self.html_cutoff = kwargs.pop('html_cutoff', self.html_cutoff)
self.html_cutoff_text = kwargs.pop('html_cutoff_text', self.html_cutoff_text)
self.allow_blank = kwargs.pop('allow_blank', False)
super(ChoiceField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
if data == '' and self.allow_blank:
return ''
try:
return self.choice_strings_to_values[six.text_type(data)]
except KeyError:
self.fail('invalid_choice', input=data)
def to_representation(self, value):
if value in ('', None):
return value
return self.choice_strings_to_values.get(six.text_type(value), value)
def iter_options(self):
"""
Helper method for use with templates rendering select widgets.
"""
return iter_options(
self.grouped_choices,
cutoff=self.html_cutoff,
cutoff_text=self.html_cutoff_text
)
def _get_choices(self):
return self._choices
def _set_choices(self, choices):
self.grouped_choices = to_choices_dict(choices)
self._choices = flatten_choices_dict(self.grouped_choices)
# Map the string representation of choices to the underlying value.
# Allows us to deal with eg. integer choices while supporting either
# integer or string input, but still get the correct datatype out.
self.choice_strings_to_values = {
six.text_type(key): key for key in self.choices
}
choices = property(_get_choices, _set_choices)
class MultipleChoiceField(ChoiceField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_choice': _('"{input}" is not a valid choice.'),
'not_a_list': _('Expected a list of items but got type "{input_type}".'),
'empty': _('This selection may not be empty.')
}
default_empty_html = []
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.allow_empty = kwargs.pop('allow_empty', True)
super(MultipleChoiceField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def get_value(self, dictionary):
if self.field_name not in dictionary:
if getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
return empty
# We override the default field access in order to support
# lists in HTML forms.
if html.is_html_input(dictionary):
return dictionary.getlist(self.field_name)
return dictionary.get(self.field_name, empty)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
if isinstance(data, type('')) or not hasattr(data, '__iter__'):
self.fail('not_a_list', input_type=type(data).__name__)
if not self.allow_empty and len(data) == 0:
self.fail('empty')
return {
super(MultipleChoiceField, self).to_internal_value(item)
for item in data
}
def to_representation(self, value):
return {
self.choice_strings_to_values.get(six.text_type(item), item) for item in value
}
class FilePathField(ChoiceField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_choice': _('"{input}" is not a valid path choice.')
}
def __init__(self, path, match=None, recursive=False, allow_files=True,
allow_folders=False, required=None, **kwargs):
# Defer to Django's FilePathField implementation to get the
# valid set of choices.
field = DjangoFilePathField(
path, match=match, recursive=recursive, allow_files=allow_files,
allow_folders=allow_folders, required=required
)
kwargs['choices'] = field.choices
super(FilePathField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
# File types...
class FileField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'required': _('No file was submitted.'),
'invalid': _('The submitted data was not a file. Check the encoding type on the form.'),
'no_name': _('No filename could be determined.'),
'empty': _('The submitted file is empty.'),
'max_length': _('Ensure this filename has at most {max_length} characters (it has {length}).'),
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.max_length = kwargs.pop('max_length', None)
self.allow_empty_file = kwargs.pop('allow_empty_file', False)
if 'use_url' in kwargs:
self.use_url = kwargs.pop('use_url')
super(FileField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
try:
# `UploadedFile` objects should have name and size attributes.
file_name = data.name
file_size = data.size
except AttributeError:
self.fail('invalid')
if not file_name:
self.fail('no_name')
if not self.allow_empty_file and not file_size:
self.fail('empty')
if self.max_length and len(file_name) > self.max_length:
self.fail('max_length', max_length=self.max_length, length=len(file_name))
return data
def to_representation(self, value):
if not value:
return None
use_url = getattr(self, 'use_url', api_settings.UPLOADED_FILES_USE_URL)
if use_url:
if not getattr(value, 'url', None):
# If the file has not been saved it may not have a URL.
return None
url = value.url
request = self.context.get('request', None)
if request is not None:
return request.build_absolute_uri(url)
return url
return value.name
class ImageField(FileField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_image': _(
'Upload a valid image. The file you uploaded was either not an image or a corrupted image.'
),
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self._DjangoImageField = kwargs.pop('_DjangoImageField', DjangoImageField)
super(ImageField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
# Image validation is a bit grungy, so we'll just outright
# defer to Django's implementation so we don't need to
# consider it, or treat PIL as a test dependency.
file_object = super(ImageField, self).to_internal_value(data)
django_field = self._DjangoImageField()
django_field.error_messages = self.error_messages
return django_field.clean(file_object)
# Composite field types...
class _UnvalidatedField(Field):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(_UnvalidatedField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.allow_blank = True
self.allow_null = True
def to_internal_value(self, data):
return data
def to_representation(self, value):
return value
class ListField(Field):
child = _UnvalidatedField()
initial = []
default_error_messages = {
'not_a_list': _('Expected a list of items but got type "{input_type}".'),
'empty': _('This list may not be empty.'),
'min_length': _('Ensure this field has at least {min_length} elements.'),
'max_length': _('Ensure this field has no more than {max_length} elements.')
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.child = kwargs.pop('child', copy.deepcopy(self.child))
self.allow_empty = kwargs.pop('allow_empty', True)
self.max_length = kwargs.pop('max_length', None)
self.min_length = kwargs.pop('min_length', None)
assert not inspect.isclass(self.child), '`child` has not been instantiated.'
assert self.child.source is None, (
"The `source` argument is not meaningful when applied to a `child=` field. "
"Remove `source=` from the field declaration."
)
super(ListField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.child.bind(field_name='', parent=self)
if self.max_length is not None:
message = self.error_messages['max_length'].format(max_length=self.max_length)
self.validators.append(MaxLengthValidator(self.max_length, message=message))
if self.min_length is not None:
message = self.error_messages['min_length'].format(min_length=self.min_length)
self.validators.append(MinLengthValidator(self.min_length, message=message))
def get_value(self, dictionary):
if self.field_name not in dictionary:
if getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
return empty
# We override the default field access in order to support
# lists in HTML forms.
if html.is_html_input(dictionary):
val = dictionary.getlist(self.field_name, [])
if len(val) > 0:
# Support QueryDict lists in HTML input.
return val
return html.parse_html_list(dictionary, prefix=self.field_name, default=empty)
return dictionary.get(self.field_name, empty)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
"""
List of dicts of native values <- List of dicts of primitive datatypes.
"""
if html.is_html_input(data):
data = html.parse_html_list(data, default=[])
if isinstance(data, type('')) or isinstance(data, collections.Mapping) or not hasattr(data, '__iter__'):
self.fail('not_a_list', input_type=type(data).__name__)
if not self.allow_empty and len(data) == 0:
self.fail('empty')
return self.run_child_validation(data)
def to_representation(self, data):
"""
List of object instances -> List of dicts of primitive datatypes.
"""
return [self.child.to_representation(item) if item is not None else None for item in data]
def run_child_validation(self, data):
result = []
errors = OrderedDict()
for idx, item in enumerate(data):
try:
result.append(self.child.run_validation(item))
except ValidationError as e:
errors[idx] = e.detail
if not errors:
return result
raise ValidationError(errors)
class DictField(Field):
child = _UnvalidatedField()
initial = {}
default_error_messages = {
'not_a_dict': _('Expected a dictionary of items but got type "{input_type}".')
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.child = kwargs.pop('child', copy.deepcopy(self.child))
assert not inspect.isclass(self.child), '`child` has not been instantiated.'
assert self.child.source is None, (
"The `source` argument is not meaningful when applied to a `child=` field. "
"Remove `source=` from the field declaration."
)
super(DictField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.child.bind(field_name='', parent=self)
def get_value(self, dictionary):
# We override the default field access in order to support
# dictionaries in HTML forms.
if html.is_html_input(dictionary):
return html.parse_html_dict(dictionary, prefix=self.field_name)
return dictionary.get(self.field_name, empty)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
"""
Dicts of native values <- Dicts of primitive datatypes.
"""
if html.is_html_input(data):
data = html.parse_html_dict(data)
if not isinstance(data, dict):
self.fail('not_a_dict', input_type=type(data).__name__)
return self.run_child_validation(data)
def to_representation(self, value):
"""
List of object instances -> List of dicts of primitive datatypes.
"""
return {
six.text_type(key): self.child.to_representation(val) if val is not None else None
for key, val in value.items()
}
def run_child_validation(self, data):
result = {}
errors = OrderedDict()
for key, value in data.items():
key = six.text_type(key)
try:
result[key] = self.child.run_validation(value)
except ValidationError as e:
errors[key] = e.detail
if not errors:
return result
raise ValidationError(errors)
class HStoreField(DictField):
child = CharField(allow_blank=True, allow_null=True)
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(HStoreField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
assert isinstance(self.child, CharField), (
"The `child` argument must be an instance of `CharField`, "
"as the hstore extension stores values as strings."
)
class JSONField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('Value must be valid JSON.')
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.binary = kwargs.pop('binary', False)
super(JSONField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def get_value(self, dictionary):
if html.is_html_input(dictionary) and self.field_name in dictionary:
# When HTML form input is used, mark up the input
# as being a JSON string, rather than a JSON primitive.
class JSONString(six.text_type):
def __new__(self, value):
ret = six.text_type.__new__(self, value)
ret.is_json_string = True
return ret
return JSONString(dictionary[self.field_name])
return dictionary.get(self.field_name, empty)
def to_internal_value(self, data):
try:
if self.binary or getattr(data, 'is_json_string', False):
if isinstance(data, bytes):
data = data.decode('utf-8')
return json.loads(data)
else:
json.dumps(data)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
self.fail('invalid')
return data
def to_representation(self, value):
if self.binary:
value = json.dumps(value)
# On python 2.x the return type for json.dumps() is underspecified.
# On python 3.x json.dumps() returns unicode strings.
if isinstance(value, six.text_type):
value = bytes(value.encode('utf-8'))
return value
# Miscellaneous field types...
class ReadOnlyField(Field):
"""
A read-only field that simply returns the field value.
If the field is a method with no parameters, the method will be called
and its return value used as the representation.
For example, the following would call `get_expiry_date()` on the object:
class ExampleSerializer(Serializer):
expiry_date = ReadOnlyField(source='get_expiry_date')
"""
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
kwargs['read_only'] = True
super(ReadOnlyField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def to_representation(self, value):
return value
class HiddenField(Field):
"""
A hidden field does not take input from the user, or present any output,
but it does populate a field in `validated_data`, based on its default
value. This is particularly useful when we have a `unique_for_date`
constraint on a pair of fields, as we need some way to include the date in
the validated data.
"""
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
assert 'default' in kwargs, 'default is a required argument.'
kwargs['write_only'] = True
super(HiddenField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def get_value(self, dictionary):
# We always use the default value for `HiddenField`.
# User input is never provided or accepted.
return empty
def to_internal_value(self, data):
return data
class SerializerMethodField(Field):
"""
A read-only field that get its representation from calling a method on the
parent serializer class. The method called will be of the form
"get_{field_name}", and should take a single argument, which is the
object being serialized.
For example:
class ExampleSerializer(self):
extra_info = SerializerMethodField()
def get_extra_info(self, obj):
return ... # Calculate some data to return.
"""
def __init__(self, method_name=None, **kwargs):
self.method_name = method_name
kwargs['source'] = '*'
kwargs['read_only'] = True
super(SerializerMethodField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def bind(self, field_name, parent):
# In order to enforce a consistent style, we error if a redundant
# 'method_name' argument has been used. For example:
# my_field = serializer.SerializerMethodField(method_name='get_my_field')
default_method_name = 'get_{field_name}'.format(field_name=field_name)
assert self.method_name != default_method_name, (
"It is redundant to specify `%s` on SerializerMethodField '%s' in "
"serializer '%s', because it is the same as the default method name. "
"Remove the `method_name` argument." %
(self.method_name, field_name, parent.__class__.__name__)
)
# The method name should default to `get_{field_name}`.
if self.method_name is None:
self.method_name = default_method_name
super(SerializerMethodField, self).bind(field_name, parent)
def to_representation(self, value):
method = getattr(self.parent, self.method_name)
return method(value)
class ModelField(Field):
"""
A generic field that can be used against an arbitrary model field.
This is used by `ModelSerializer` when dealing with custom model fields,
that do not have a serializer field to be mapped to.
"""
default_error_messages = {
'max_length': _('Ensure this field has no more than {max_length} characters.'),
}
def __init__(self, model_field, **kwargs):
self.model_field = model_field
# The `max_length` option is supported by Django's base `Field` class,
# so we'd better support it here.
max_length = kwargs.pop('max_length', None)
super(ModelField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
if max_length is not None:
message = lazy(
self.error_messages['max_length'].format,
six.text_type)(max_length=self.max_length)
self.validators.append(
MaxLengthValidator(self.max_length, message=message))
def to_internal_value(self, data):
rel = self.model_field.remote_field
if rel is not None:
return rel.model._meta.get_field(rel.field_name).to_python(data)
return self.model_field.to_python(data)
def get_attribute(self, obj):
# We pass the object instance onto `to_representation`,
# not just the field attribute.
return obj
def to_representation(self, obj):
value = self.model_field.value_from_object(obj)
if is_protected_type(value):
return value
return self.model_field.value_to_string(obj)