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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""Inception V3 model for Keras.
Note that the input image format for this model is different than for
the VGG16 and ResNet models (299x299 instead of 224x224),
and that the input preprocessing function is also different (same as Xception).
# Reference
- [Rethinking the Inception Architecture for Computer Vision](http://arxiv.org/abs/1512.00567)
"""
from __future__ import print_function
from __future__ import absolute_import
import warnings
import numpy as np
from keras.models import Model
from keras import layers
from keras.layers import Activation
from keras.layers import Dense
from keras.layers import Input
from keras.layers import BatchNormalization
from keras.layers import Conv2D
from keras.layers import MaxPooling2D
from keras.layers import AveragePooling2D
from keras.layers import GlobalAveragePooling2D
from keras.layers import GlobalMaxPooling2D
from keras.engine.topology import get_source_inputs
from keras.utils.layer_utils import convert_all_kernels_in_model
from keras.utils.data_utils import get_file
from keras import backend as K
from keras.applications.imagenet_utils import decode_predictions
from keras.applications.imagenet_utils import _obtain_input_shape
from keras.preprocessing import image
WEIGHTS_PATH = 'https://github.com/fchollet/deep-learning-models/releases/download/v0.5/inception_v3_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5'
WEIGHTS_PATH_NO_TOP = 'https://github.com/fchollet/deep-learning-models/releases/download/v0.5/inception_v3_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels_notop.h5'
def conv2d_bn(x,
filters,
num_row,
num_col,
padding='same',
strides=(1, 1),
name=None):
"""Utility function to apply conv + BN.
Arguments:
x: input tensor.
filters: filters in `Conv2D`.
num_row: height of the convolution kernel.
num_col: width of the convolution kernel.
padding: padding mode in `Conv2D`.
strides: strides in `Conv2D`.
name: name of the ops; will become `name + '_conv'`
for the convolution and `name + '_bn'` for the
batch norm layer.
Returns:
Output tensor after applying `Conv2D` and `BatchNormalization`.
"""
if name is not None:
bn_name = name + '_bn'
conv_name = name + '_conv'
else:
bn_name = None
conv_name = None
if K.image_data_format() == 'channels_first':
bn_axis = 1
else:
bn_axis = 3
x = Conv2D(
filters, (num_row, num_col),
strides=strides,
padding=padding,
use_bias=False,
name=conv_name)(x)
x = BatchNormalization(axis=bn_axis, scale=False, name=bn_name)(x)
x = Activation('relu', name=name)(x)
return x
def InceptionV3(include_top=True,
weights='imagenet',
input_tensor=None,
input_shape=None,
pooling=None,
classes=1000):
"""Instantiates the Inception v3 architecture.
Optionally loads weights pre-trained
on ImageNet. Note that when using TensorFlow,
for best performance you should set
`image_data_format="channels_last"` in your Keras config
at ~/.keras/keras.json.
The model and the weights are compatible with both
TensorFlow and Theano. The data format
convention used by the model is the one
specified in your Keras config file.
Note that the default input image size for this model is 299x299.
Arguments:
include_top: whether to include the fully-connected
layer at the top of the network.
weights: one of `None` (random initialization)
or "imagenet" (pre-training on ImageNet).
input_tensor: optional Keras tensor (i.e. output of `layers.Input()`)
to use as image input for the model.
input_shape: optional shape tuple, only to be specified
if `include_top` is False (otherwise the input shape
has to be `(299, 299, 3)` (with `channels_last` data format)
or `(3, 299, 299)` (with `channels_first` data format).
It should have exactly 3 inputs channels,
and width and height should be no smaller than 139.
E.g. `(150, 150, 3)` would be one valid value.
pooling: Optional pooling mode for feature extraction
when `include_top` is `False`.
- `None` means that the output of the model will be
the 4D tensor output of the
last convolutional layer.
- `avg` means that global average pooling
will be applied to the output of the
last convolutional layer, and thus
the output of the model will be a 2D tensor.
- `max` means that global max pooling will
be applied.
classes: optional number of classes to classify images
into, only to be specified if `include_top` is True, and
if no `weights` argument is specified.
Returns:
A Keras model instance.
Raises:
ValueError: in case of invalid argument for `weights`,
or invalid input shape.
"""
if weights not in {'imagenet', None}:
raise ValueError('The `weights` argument should be either '
'`None` (random initialization) or `imagenet` '
'(pre-training on ImageNet).')
if weights == 'imagenet' and include_top and classes != 1000:
raise ValueError('If using `weights` as imagenet with `include_top`'
' as true, `classes` should be 1000')
# Determine proper input shape
input_shape = _obtain_input_shape(
input_shape,
default_size=299,
min_size=139,
data_format=K.image_data_format(),
include_top=include_top)
if input_tensor is None:
img_input = Input(shape=input_shape)
else:
img_input = Input(tensor=input_tensor, shape=input_shape)
if K.image_data_format() == 'channels_first':
channel_axis = 1
else:
channel_axis = 3
x = conv2d_bn(img_input, 32, 3, 3, strides=(2, 2), padding='valid')
x = conv2d_bn(x, 32, 3, 3, padding='valid')
x = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 3, 3)
x = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2))(x)
x = conv2d_bn(x, 80, 1, 1, padding='valid')
x = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 3, 3, padding='valid')
x = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2))(x)
# mixed 0, 1, 2: 35 x 35 x 256
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch5x5 = conv2d_bn(x, 48, 1, 1)
branch5x5 = conv2d_bn(branch5x5, 64, 5, 5)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D((3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 32, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch5x5, branch3x3dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed0')
# mixed 1: 35 x 35 x 256
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch5x5 = conv2d_bn(x, 48, 1, 1)
branch5x5 = conv2d_bn(branch5x5, 64, 5, 5)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D((3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 64, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch5x5, branch3x3dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed1')
# mixed 2: 35 x 35 x 256
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch5x5 = conv2d_bn(x, 48, 1, 1)
branch5x5 = conv2d_bn(branch5x5, 64, 5, 5)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D((3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 64, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch5x5, branch3x3dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed2')
# mixed 3: 17 x 17 x 768
branch3x3 = conv2d_bn(x, 384, 3, 3, strides=(2, 2), padding='valid')
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 64, 1, 1)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(
branch3x3dbl, 96, 3, 3, strides=(2, 2), padding='valid')
branch_pool = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2))(x)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch3x3, branch3x3dbl, branch_pool], axis=channel_axis, name='mixed3')
# mixed 4: 17 x 17 x 768
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(x, 128, 1, 1)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7, 128, 1, 7)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7, 192, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 128, 1, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 128, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 128, 1, 7)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 128, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 192, 1, 7)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D((3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 192, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch7x7, branch7x7dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed4')
# mixed 5, 6: 17 x 17 x 768
for i in range(2):
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(x, 160, 1, 1)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7, 160, 1, 7)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7, 192, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 160, 1, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 160, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 160, 1, 7)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 160, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 192, 1, 7)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D(
(3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 192, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch7x7, branch7x7dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed' + str(5 + i))
# mixed 7: 17 x 17 x 768
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7, 192, 1, 7)
branch7x7 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7, 192, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 192, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 192, 1, 7)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 192, 7, 1)
branch7x7dbl = conv2d_bn(branch7x7dbl, 192, 1, 7)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D((3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 192, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch7x7, branch7x7dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed7')
# mixed 8: 8 x 8 x 1280
branch3x3 = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch3x3 = conv2d_bn(branch3x3, 320, 3, 3,
strides=(2, 2), padding='valid')
branch7x7x3 = conv2d_bn(x, 192, 1, 1)
branch7x7x3 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7x3, 192, 1, 7)
branch7x7x3 = conv2d_bn(branch7x7x3, 192, 7, 1)
branch7x7x3 = conv2d_bn(
branch7x7x3, 192, 3, 3, strides=(2, 2), padding='valid')
branch_pool = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2))(x)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch3x3, branch7x7x3, branch_pool], axis=channel_axis, name='mixed8')
# mixed 9: 8 x 8 x 2048
for i in range(2):
branch1x1 = conv2d_bn(x, 320, 1, 1)
branch3x3 = conv2d_bn(x, 384, 1, 1)
branch3x3_1 = conv2d_bn(branch3x3, 384, 1, 3)
branch3x3_2 = conv2d_bn(branch3x3, 384, 3, 1)
branch3x3 = layers.concatenate(
[branch3x3_1, branch3x3_2], axis=channel_axis, name='mixed9_' + str(i))
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(x, 448, 1, 1)
branch3x3dbl = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 384, 3, 3)
branch3x3dbl_1 = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 384, 1, 3)
branch3x3dbl_2 = conv2d_bn(branch3x3dbl, 384, 3, 1)
branch3x3dbl = layers.concatenate(
[branch3x3dbl_1, branch3x3dbl_2], axis=channel_axis)
branch_pool = AveragePooling2D(
(3, 3), strides=(1, 1), padding='same')(x)
branch_pool = conv2d_bn(branch_pool, 192, 1, 1)
x = layers.concatenate(
[branch1x1, branch3x3, branch3x3dbl, branch_pool],
axis=channel_axis,
name='mixed' + str(9 + i))
if include_top:
# Classification block
x = GlobalAveragePooling2D(name='avg_pool')(x)
x = Dense(classes, activation='softmax', name='predictions')(x)
else:
if pooling == 'avg':
x = GlobalAveragePooling2D()(x)
elif pooling == 'max':
x = GlobalMaxPooling2D()(x)
# Ensure that the model takes into account
# any potential predecessors of `input_tensor`.
if input_tensor is not None:
inputs = get_source_inputs(input_tensor)
else:
inputs = img_input
# Create model.
model = Model(inputs, x, name='inception_v3')
# load weights
if weights == 'imagenet':
if K.image_data_format() == 'channels_first':
if K.backend() == 'tensorflow':
warnings.warn('You are using the TensorFlow backend, yet you '
'are using the Theano '
'image data format convention '
'(`image_data_format="channels_first"`). '
'For best performance, set '
'`image_data_format="channels_last"` in '
'your Keras config '
'at ~/.keras/keras.json.')
if include_top:
weights_path = get_file(
'inception_v3_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5',
WEIGHTS_PATH,
cache_subdir='models',
md5_hash='9a0d58056eeedaa3f26cb7ebd46da564')
else:
weights_path = get_file(
'inception_v3_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels_notop.h5',
WEIGHTS_PATH_NO_TOP,
cache_subdir='models',
md5_hash='bcbd6486424b2319ff4ef7d526e38f63')
model.load_weights(weights_path)
if K.backend() == 'theano':
convert_all_kernels_in_model(model)
return model
def preprocess_input(x):
x /= 255.
x -= 0.5
x *= 2.
return x
if __name__ == '__main__':
model = InceptionV3(include_top=True, weights='imagenet')
img_path = 'elephant.jpg'
img = image.load_img(img_path, target_size=(299, 299))
x = image.img_to_array(img)
x = np.expand_dims(x, axis=0)
x = preprocess_input(x)
preds = model.predict(x)
print('Predicted:', decode_predictions(preds))