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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module : Distribution.Client.IndexUtils
-- Copyright : (c) Duncan Coutts 2008
-- License : BSD-like
--
-- Maintainer : duncan@community.haskell.org
-- Stability : provisional
-- Portability : portable
--
-- Extra utils related to the package indexes.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
module Distribution.Client.IndexUtils (
getInstalledPackages,
getSourcePackages,
convert,
readPackageIndexFile,
parsePackageIndex,
readRepoIndex,
updateRepoIndexCache,
) where
import qualified Distribution.Client.Tar as Tar
import Distribution.Client.Types
import Distribution.Package
( PackageId, PackageIdentifier(..), PackageName(..)
, Package(..), packageVersion, packageName
, Dependency(Dependency), InstalledPackageId(..) )
import Distribution.Client.PackageIndex (PackageIndex)
import qualified Distribution.Client.PackageIndex as PackageIndex
import qualified Distribution.Simple.PackageIndex as InstalledPackageIndex
import qualified Distribution.InstalledPackageInfo as InstalledPackageInfo
import Distribution.PackageDescription
( GenericPackageDescription )
import Distribution.PackageDescription.Parse
( parsePackageDescription )
import Distribution.Simple.Compiler
( Compiler, PackageDBStack )
import Distribution.Simple.Program
( ProgramConfiguration )
import qualified Distribution.Simple.Configure as Configure
( getInstalledPackages )
import Distribution.ParseUtils
( ParseResult(..) )
import Distribution.Version
( Version(Version), intersectVersionRanges )
import Distribution.Text
( display, simpleParse )
import Distribution.Verbosity
( Verbosity, lessVerbose )
import Distribution.Simple.Utils
( die, warn, info, fromUTF8 )
import Data.Char (isAlphaNum)
import Data.Maybe (catMaybes, fromMaybe)
import Data.List (isPrefixOf)
import Data.Monoid (Monoid(..))
import qualified Data.Map as Map
import Control.Monad (MonadPlus(mplus), when, unless, liftM)
import Control.Exception (evaluate)
import qualified Data.ByteString.Lazy as BS
import qualified Data.ByteString.Lazy.Char8 as BS.Char8
import qualified Data.ByteString.Char8 as BSS
import Data.ByteString.Lazy (ByteString)
import Distribution.Client.GZipUtils (maybeDecompress)
import System.FilePath ((</>), takeExtension, splitDirectories, normalise)
import System.FilePath.Posix as FilePath.Posix
( takeFileName )
import System.IO
import System.IO.Unsafe (unsafeInterleaveIO)
import System.IO.Error (isDoesNotExistError)
import Distribution.Compat.Exception (catchIO)
import System.Directory
( getModificationTime, doesFileExist )
import Distribution.Compat.Time
getInstalledPackages :: Verbosity -> Compiler
-> PackageDBStack -> ProgramConfiguration
-> IO InstalledPackageIndex.PackageIndex
getInstalledPackages verbosity comp packageDbs conf =
Configure.getInstalledPackages verbosity' comp packageDbs conf
where
--FIXME: make getInstalledPackages use sensible verbosity in the first place
verbosity' = lessVerbose verbosity
convert :: InstalledPackageIndex.PackageIndex -> PackageIndex InstalledPackage
convert index' = PackageIndex.fromList
-- There can be multiple installed instances of each package version,
-- like when the same package is installed in the global & user dbs.
-- InstalledPackageIndex.allPackagesBySourcePackageId gives us the
-- installed packages with the most preferred instances first, so by
-- picking the first we should get the user one. This is almost but not
-- quite the same as what ghc does.
[ InstalledPackage ipkg (sourceDeps index' ipkg)
| (_,ipkg:_) <- InstalledPackageIndex.allPackagesBySourcePackageId index' ]
where
-- The InstalledPackageInfo only lists dependencies by the
-- InstalledPackageId, which means we do not directly know the corresponding
-- source dependency. The only way to find out is to lookup the
-- InstalledPackageId to get the InstalledPackageInfo and look at its
-- source PackageId. But if the package is broken because it depends on
-- other packages that do not exist then we have a problem we cannot find
-- the original source package id. Instead we make up a bogus package id.
-- This should have the same effect since it should be a dependency on a
-- non-existant package.
sourceDeps index ipkg =
[ maybe (brokenPackageId depid) packageId mdep
| let depids = InstalledPackageInfo.depends ipkg
getpkg = InstalledPackageIndex.lookupInstalledPackageId index
, (depid, mdep) <- zip depids (map getpkg depids) ]
brokenPackageId (InstalledPackageId str) =
PackageIdentifier (PackageName (str ++ "-broken")) (Version [] [])
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Reading the source package index
--
-- | Read a repository index from disk, from the local files specified by
-- a list of 'Repo's.
--
-- All the 'SourcePackage's are marked as having come from the appropriate
-- 'Repo'.
--
-- This is a higher level wrapper used internally in cabal-install.
--
getSourcePackages :: Verbosity -> [Repo] -> IO SourcePackageDb
getSourcePackages verbosity [] = do
warn verbosity $ "No remote package servers have been specified. Usually "
++ "you would have one specified in the config file."
return SourcePackageDb {
packageIndex = mempty,
packagePreferences = mempty
}
getSourcePackages verbosity repos = do
info verbosity "Reading available packages..."
pkgss <- mapM (readRepoIndex verbosity) repos
let (pkgs, prefs) = mconcat pkgss
prefs' = Map.fromListWith intersectVersionRanges
[ (name, range) | Dependency name range <- prefs ]
_ <- evaluate pkgs
_ <- evaluate prefs'
return SourcePackageDb {
packageIndex = pkgs,
packagePreferences = prefs'
}
-- | Read a repository index from disk, from the local file specified by
-- the 'Repo'.
--
-- All the 'SourcePackage's are marked as having come from the given 'Repo'.
--
-- This is a higher level wrapper used internally in cabal-install.
--
readRepoIndex :: Verbosity -> Repo
-> IO (PackageIndex SourcePackage, [Dependency])
readRepoIndex verbosity repo =
let indexFile = repoLocalDir repo </> "00-index.tar"
cacheFile = repoLocalDir repo </> "00-index.cache"
in handleNotFound $ do
warnIfIndexIsOld indexFile
whenCacheOutOfDate indexFile cacheFile $ do
info verbosity $ "Updating the index cache file..."
updatePackageIndexCacheFile indexFile cacheFile
readPackageIndexCacheFile mkAvailablePackage indexFile cacheFile
where
mkAvailablePackage pkgid pkg =
SourcePackage {
packageInfoId = pkgid,
packageDescription = pkg,
packageSource = RepoTarballPackage repo pkgid Nothing
}
handleNotFound action = catchIO action $ \e -> if isDoesNotExistError e
then do
case repoKind repo of
Left remoteRepo -> warn verbosity $
"The package list for '" ++ remoteRepoName remoteRepo
++ "' does not exist. Run 'cabal update' to download it."
Right _localRepo -> warn verbosity $
"The package list for the local repo '" ++ repoLocalDir repo
++ "' is missing. The repo is invalid."
return mempty
else ioError e
isOldThreshold = 15 --days
warnIfIndexIsOld indexFile = do
dt <- getFileAge indexFile
when (dt >= isOldThreshold) $ case repoKind repo of
Left remoteRepo -> warn verbosity $
"The package list for '" ++ remoteRepoName remoteRepo
++ "' is " ++ show dt ++ " days old.\nRun "
++ "'cabal update' to get the latest list of available packages."
Right _localRepo -> return ()
-- | It is not necessary to call this, as the cache will be updated when the
-- index is read normally. However you can do the work earlier if you like.
--
updateRepoIndexCache :: Verbosity -> Repo -> IO ()
updateRepoIndexCache verbosity repo =
whenCacheOutOfDate indexFile cacheFile $ do
info verbosity $ "Updating the index cache file..."
updatePackageIndexCacheFile indexFile cacheFile
where
indexFile = repoLocalDir repo </> "00-index.tar"
cacheFile = repoLocalDir repo </> "00-index.cache"
whenCacheOutOfDate :: FilePath-> FilePath -> IO () -> IO ()
whenCacheOutOfDate origFile cacheFile action = do
exists <- doesFileExist cacheFile
if not exists
then action
else do
origTime <- getModificationTime origFile
cacheTime <- getModificationTime cacheFile
unless (cacheTime >= origTime) action
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Reading the index file
--
-- | Read a compressed \"00-index.tar.gz\" file into a 'PackageIndex'.
--
-- This is supposed to be an \"all in one\" way to easily get at the info in
-- the hackage package index.
--
-- It takes a function to map a 'GenericPackageDescription' into any more
-- specific instance of 'Package' that you might want to use. In the simple
-- case you can just use @\_ p -> p@ here.
--
readPackageIndexFile :: Package pkg
=> (PackageId -> GenericPackageDescription -> pkg)
-> FilePath
-> IO (PackageIndex pkg, [Dependency])
readPackageIndexFile mkPkg indexFile = do
(pkgs, prefs) <- either fail return
. parsePackageIndex
. maybeDecompress
=<< BS.readFile indexFile
pkgs' <- evaluate $ PackageIndex.fromList
[ mkPkg pkgid pkg | (pkgid, pkg, _) <- pkgs]
return (pkgs', prefs)
-- | Parse an uncompressed \"00-index.tar\" repository index file represented
-- as a 'ByteString'.
--
parsePackageIndex :: ByteString
-> Either String
( [(PackageId, GenericPackageDescription, BlockNo)]
, [Dependency] )
parsePackageIndex = accum 0 [] [] . Tar.read
where
accum blockNo pkgs prefs es = case es of
Tar.Fail err -> Left err
Tar.Done -> Right (reverse pkgs, reverse prefs)
Tar.Next e es' -> accum blockNo' pkgs' prefs' es'
where
(pkgs', prefs') = extract blockNo pkgs prefs e
blockNo' = blockNo + sizeInBlocks e
extract blockNo pkgs prefs entry =
fromMaybe (pkgs, prefs) $
tryExtractPkg
`mplus` tryExtractPrefs
where
tryExtractPkg = do
(pkgid, pkg) <- extractPkg entry
return ((pkgid, pkg, blockNo):pkgs, prefs)
tryExtractPrefs = do
prefs' <- extractPrefs entry
return (pkgs, prefs'++prefs)
sizeInBlocks entry =
1 + case Tar.entryContent entry of
Tar.NormalFile _ size -> bytesToBlocks size
Tar.OtherEntryType _ _ size -> bytesToBlocks size
_ -> 0
where
bytesToBlocks s = 1 + ((fromIntegral s - 1) `div` 512)
extractPkg :: Tar.Entry -> Maybe (PackageId, GenericPackageDescription)
extractPkg entry = case Tar.entryContent entry of
Tar.NormalFile content _
| takeExtension fileName == ".cabal"
-> case splitDirectories (normalise fileName) of
[pkgname,vers,_] -> case simpleParse vers of
Just ver -> Just (pkgid, descr)
where
pkgid = PackageIdentifier (PackageName pkgname) ver
parsed = parsePackageDescription . fromUTF8 . BS.Char8.unpack
$ content
descr = case parsed of
ParseOk _ d -> d
_ -> error $ "Couldn't read cabal file "
++ show fileName
_ -> Nothing
_ -> Nothing
_ -> Nothing
where
fileName = Tar.entryPath entry
extractPrefs :: Tar.Entry -> Maybe [Dependency]
extractPrefs entry = case Tar.entryContent entry of
Tar.NormalFile content _
| takeFileName (Tar.entryPath entry) == "preferred-versions"
-> Just . parsePreferredVersions
. BS.Char8.unpack $ content
_ -> Nothing
parsePreferredVersions :: String -> [Dependency]
parsePreferredVersions = catMaybes
. map simpleParse
. filter (not . isPrefixOf "--")
. lines
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Reading and updating the index cache
--
updatePackageIndexCacheFile :: FilePath -> FilePath -> IO ()
updatePackageIndexCacheFile indexFile cacheFile = do
(pkgs, prefs) <- either fail return
. parsePackageIndex
. maybeDecompress
=<< BS.readFile indexFile
let cache = mkCache pkgs prefs
writeFile cacheFile (showIndexCache cache)
where
mkCache pkgs prefs =
[ CachePreference pref | pref <- prefs ]
++ [ CachePackageId pkgid blockNo | (pkgid, _, blockNo) <- pkgs ]
readPackageIndexCacheFile :: Package pkg
=> (PackageId -> GenericPackageDescription -> pkg)
-> FilePath
-> FilePath
-> IO (PackageIndex pkg, [Dependency])
readPackageIndexCacheFile mkPkg indexFile cacheFile = do
indexHnd <- openFile indexFile ReadMode
cache <- liftM readIndexCache (BSS.readFile cacheFile)
packageIndexFromCache mkPkg indexHnd cache
packageIndexFromCache :: Package pkg
=> (PackageId -> GenericPackageDescription -> pkg)
-> Handle
-> [IndexCacheEntry]
-> IO (PackageIndex pkg, [Dependency])
packageIndexFromCache mkPkg hnd = accum mempty []
where
accum srcpkgs prefs [] = do
-- Have to reverse entries, since in a tar file, later entries mask
-- earlier ones, and PackageIndex.fromList does the same, but we
-- accumulate the list of entries in reverse order, so need to reverse.
pkgIndex <- evaluate $ PackageIndex.fromList (reverse srcpkgs)
return (pkgIndex, prefs)
accum srcpkgs prefs (CachePackageId pkgid blockno : entries) = do
-- Given the cache entry, make a package index entry.
-- The magic here is that we use lazy IO to read the .cabal file
-- from the index tarball if it turns out that we need it.
-- Most of the time we only need the package id.
pkg <- unsafeInterleaveIO $ do
getPackageDescription blockno
let srcpkg = mkPkg pkgid pkg
accum (srcpkg:srcpkgs) prefs entries
accum srcpkgs prefs (CachePreference pref : entries) =
accum srcpkgs (pref:prefs) entries
getPackageDescription blockno = do
hSeek hnd AbsoluteSeek (fromIntegral (blockno * 512))
header <- BS.hGet hnd 512
size <- getEntrySize header
content <- BS.hGet hnd (fromIntegral size)
readPackageDescription content
getEntrySize header =
case Tar.read header of
Tar.Next e _ ->
case Tar.entryContent e of
Tar.NormalFile _ size -> return size
_ -> interror "unexpected tar entry type"
_ -> interror "could not read tar file entry"
readPackageDescription content =
case parsePackageDescription . fromUTF8 . BS.Char8.unpack $ content of
ParseOk _ d -> return d
_ -> interror "failed to parse .cabal file"
interror msg = die $ "internal error when reading package index: " ++ msg
++ "The package index or index cache is probably "
++ "corrupt. Running cabal update might fix it."
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Index cache data structure
--
-- | Tar files are block structured with 512 byte blocks. Every header and file
-- content starts on a block boundary.
--
type BlockNo = Int
data IndexCacheEntry = CachePackageId PackageId BlockNo
| CachePreference Dependency
deriving (Eq, Show)
readIndexCacheEntry :: BSS.ByteString -> Maybe IndexCacheEntry
readIndexCacheEntry = \line ->
case BSS.words line of
[key, pkgnamestr, pkgverstr, sep, blocknostr]
| key == packageKey && sep == blocknoKey ->
case (parseName pkgnamestr, parseVer pkgverstr [],
parseBlockNo blocknostr) of
(Just pkgname, Just pkgver, Just blockno)
-> Just (CachePackageId (PackageIdentifier pkgname pkgver) blockno)
_ -> Nothing
(key: remainder) | key == preferredVersionKey ->
fmap CachePreference (simpleParse (BSS.unpack (BSS.unwords remainder)))
_ -> Nothing
where
packageKey = BSS.pack "pkg:"
blocknoKey = BSS.pack "b#"
preferredVersionKey = BSS.pack "pref-ver:"
parseName str
| BSS.all (\c -> isAlphaNum c || c == '-') str
= Just (PackageName (BSS.unpack str))
| otherwise = Nothing
parseVer str vs =
case BSS.readInt str of
Nothing -> Nothing
Just (v, str') -> case BSS.uncons str' of
Just ('.', str'') -> parseVer str'' (v:vs)
Just _ -> Nothing
Nothing -> Just (Version (reverse (v:vs)) [])
parseBlockNo str =
case BSS.readInt str of
Just (blockno, remainder) | BSS.null remainder -> Just blockno
_ -> Nothing
showIndexCacheEntry :: IndexCacheEntry -> String
showIndexCacheEntry entry = case entry of
CachePackageId pkgid b -> "pkg: " ++ display (packageName pkgid)
++ " " ++ display (packageVersion pkgid)
++ " b# " ++ show b
CachePreference dep -> "pref-ver: " ++ display dep
readIndexCache :: BSS.ByteString -> [IndexCacheEntry]
readIndexCache = catMaybes . map readIndexCacheEntry . BSS.lines
showIndexCache :: [IndexCacheEntry] -> String
showIndexCache = unlines . map showIndexCacheEntry
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