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/*
* Builtin "git clone"
*
* Copyright (c) 2007 Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>,
* 2008 Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
* Based on git-commit.sh by Junio C Hamano and Linus Torvalds
*
* Clone a repository into a different directory that does not yet exist.
*/

#include "builtin.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "fetch-pack.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tree-walk.h"
#include "unpack-trees.h"
#include "transport.h"
#include "strbuf.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "sigchain.h"
#include "branch.h"
#include "remote.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "connected.h"

/*
* Overall FIXMEs:
* - respect DB_ENVIRONMENT for .git/objects.
*
* Implementation notes:
* - dropping use-separate-remote and no-separate-remote compatibility
*
*/
static const char * const builtin_clone_usage[] = {
N_("git clone [options] [--] <repo> [<dir>]"),
NULL
};

static int option_no_checkout, option_bare, option_mirror, option_single_branch = -1;
static int option_local = -1, option_no_hardlinks, option_shared, option_recursive;
static char *option_template, *option_depth;
static char *option_origin = NULL;
static char *option_branch = NULL;
static const char *real_git_dir;
static char *option_upload_pack = "git-upload-pack";
static int option_verbosity;
static int option_progress = -1;
static struct string_list option_config;
static struct string_list option_reference;

static int opt_parse_reference(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
{
struct string_list *option_reference = opt->value;
if (!arg)
return -1;
string_list_append(option_reference, arg);
return 0;
}

static struct option builtin_clone_options[] = {
OPT__VERBOSITY(&option_verbosity),
OPT_BOOL(0, "progress", &option_progress,
N_("force progress reporting")),
OPT_BOOL('n', "no-checkout", &option_no_checkout,
N_("don't create a checkout")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "bare", &option_bare, N_("create a bare repository")),
OPT_HIDDEN_BOOL(0, "naked", &option_bare,
N_("create a bare repository")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "mirror", &option_mirror,
N_("create a mirror repository (implies bare)")),
OPT_BOOL('l', "local", &option_local,
N_("to clone from a local repository")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "no-hardlinks", &option_no_hardlinks,
N_("don't use local hardlinks, always copy")),
OPT_BOOL('s', "shared", &option_shared,
N_("setup as shared repository")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "recursive", &option_recursive,
N_("initialize submodules in the clone")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "recurse-submodules", &option_recursive,
N_("initialize submodules in the clone")),
OPT_STRING(0, "template", &option_template, N_("template-directory"),
N_("directory from which templates will be used")),
OPT_CALLBACK(0 , "reference", &option_reference, N_("repo"),
N_("reference repository"), &opt_parse_reference),
OPT_STRING('o', "origin", &option_origin, N_("name"),
N_("use <name> instead of 'origin' to track upstream")),
OPT_STRING('b', "branch", &option_branch, N_("branch"),
N_("checkout <branch> instead of the remote's HEAD")),
OPT_STRING('u', "upload-pack", &option_upload_pack, N_("path"),
N_("path to git-upload-pack on the remote")),
OPT_STRING(0, "depth", &option_depth, N_("depth"),
N_("create a shallow clone of that depth")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "single-branch", &option_single_branch,
N_("clone only one branch, HEAD or --branch")),
OPT_STRING(0, "separate-git-dir", &real_git_dir, N_("gitdir"),
N_("separate git dir from working tree")),
OPT_STRING_LIST('c', "config", &option_config, N_("key=value"),
N_("set config inside the new repository")),
OPT_END()
};

static const char *argv_submodule[] = {
"submodule", "update", "--init", "--recursive", NULL
};

static char *get_repo_path(const char *repo, int *is_bundle)
{
static char *suffix[] = { "/.git", "", ".git/.git", ".git" };
static char *bundle_suffix[] = { ".bundle", "" };
struct stat st;
int i;

for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(suffix); i++) {
const char *path;
path = mkpath("%s%s", repo, suffix[i]);
if (stat(path, &st))
continue;
if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode) && is_git_directory(path)) {
*is_bundle = 0;
return xstrdup(absolute_path(path));
} else if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode) && st.st_size > 8) {
/* Is it a "gitfile"? */
char signature[8];
int len, fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0)
continue;
len = read_in_full(fd, signature, 8);
close(fd);
if (len != 8 || strncmp(signature, "gitdir: ", 8))
continue;
path = read_gitfile(path);
if (path) {
*is_bundle = 0;
return xstrdup(absolute_path(path));
}
}
}

for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(bundle_suffix); i++) {
const char *path;
path = mkpath("%s%s", repo, bundle_suffix[i]);
if (!stat(path, &st) && S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
*is_bundle = 1;
return xstrdup(absolute_path(path));
}
}

return NULL;
}

static char *guess_dir_name(const char *repo, int is_bundle, int is_bare)
{
const char *end = repo + strlen(repo), *start;
char *dir;

/*
* Strip trailing spaces, slashes and /.git
*/
while (repo < end && (is_dir_sep(end[-1]) || isspace(end[-1])))
end--;
if (end - repo > 5 && is_dir_sep(end[-5]) &&
!strncmp(end - 4, ".git", 4)) {
end -= 5;
while (repo < end && is_dir_sep(end[-1]))
end--;
}

/*
* Find last component, but be prepared that repo could have
* the form "remote.example.com:foo.git", i.e. no slash
* in the directory part.
*/
start = end;
while (repo < start && !is_dir_sep(start[-1]) && start[-1] != ':')
start--;

/*
* Strip .{bundle,git}.
*/
if (is_bundle) {
if (end - start > 7 && !strncmp(end - 7, ".bundle", 7))
end -= 7;
} else {
if (end - start > 4 && !strncmp(end - 4, ".git", 4))
end -= 4;
}

if (is_bare) {
struct strbuf result = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addf(&result, "%.*s.git", (int)(end - start), start);
dir = strbuf_detach(&result, NULL);
} else
dir = xstrndup(start, end - start);
/*
* Replace sequences of 'control' characters and whitespace
* with one ascii space, remove leading and trailing spaces.
*/
if (*dir) {
char *out = dir;
int prev_space = 1 /* strip leading whitespace */;
for (end = dir; *end; ++end) {
char ch = *end;
if ((unsigned char)ch < '\x20')
ch = '\x20';
if (isspace(ch)) {
if (prev_space)
continue;
prev_space = 1;
} else
prev_space = 0;
*out++ = ch;
}
*out = '\0';
if (out > dir && prev_space)
out[-1] = '\0';
}
return dir;
}

static void strip_trailing_slashes(char *dir)
{
char *end = dir + strlen(dir);

while (dir < end - 1 && is_dir_sep(end[-1]))
end--;
*end = '\0';
}

static int add_one_reference(struct string_list_item *item, void *cb_data)
{
char *ref_git;
const char *repo;
struct strbuf alternate = STRBUF_INIT;

/* Beware: read_gitfile(), real_path() and mkpath() return static buffer */
ref_git = xstrdup(real_path(item->string));

repo = read_gitfile(ref_git);
if (!repo)
repo = read_gitfile(mkpath("%s/.git", ref_git));
if (repo) {
free(ref_git);
ref_git = xstrdup(repo);
}

if (!repo && is_directory(mkpath("%s/.git/objects", ref_git))) {
char *ref_git_git = mkpathdup("%s/.git", ref_git);
free(ref_git);
ref_git = ref_git_git;
} else if (!is_directory(mkpath("%s/objects", ref_git)))
die(_("reference repository '%s' is not a local repository."),
item->string);

if (!access(mkpath("%s/shallow", ref_git), F_OK))
die(_("reference repository '%s' is shallow"), item->string);

if (!access(mkpath("%s/info/grafts", ref_git), F_OK))
die(_("reference repository '%s' is grafted"), item->string);

strbuf_addf(&alternate, "%s/objects", ref_git);
add_to_alternates_file(alternate.buf);
strbuf_release(&alternate);
free(ref_git);
return 0;
}

static void setup_reference(void)
{
for_each_string_list(&option_reference, add_one_reference, NULL);
}

static void copy_alternates(struct strbuf *src, struct strbuf *dst,
const char *src_repo)
{
/*
* Read from the source objects/info/alternates file
* and copy the entries to corresponding file in the
* destination repository with add_to_alternates_file().
* Both src and dst have "$path/objects/info/alternates".
*
* Instead of copying bit-for-bit from the original,
* we need to append to existing one so that the already
* created entry via "clone -s" is not lost, and also
* to turn entries with paths relative to the original
* absolute, so that they can be used in the new repository.
*/
FILE *in = fopen(src->buf, "r");
struct strbuf line = STRBUF_INIT;

while (strbuf_getline(&line, in, '\n') != EOF) {
char *abs_path, abs_buf[PATH_MAX];
if (!line.len || line.buf[0] == '#')
continue;
if (is_absolute_path(line.buf)) {
add_to_alternates_file(line.buf);
continue;
}
abs_path = mkpath("%s/objects/%s", src_repo, line.buf);
normalize_path_copy(abs_buf, abs_path);
add_to_alternates_file(abs_buf);
}
strbuf_release(&line);
fclose(in);
}

static void copy_or_link_directory(struct strbuf *src, struct strbuf *dest,
const char *src_repo, int src_baselen)
{
struct dirent *de;
struct stat buf;
int src_len, dest_len;
DIR *dir;

dir = opendir(src->buf);
if (!dir)
die_errno(_("failed to open '%s'"), src->buf);

if (mkdir(dest->buf, 0777)) {
if (errno != EEXIST)
die_errno(_("failed to create directory '%s'"), dest->buf);
else if (stat(dest->buf, &buf))
die_errno(_("failed to stat '%s'"), dest->buf);
else if (!S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode))
die(_("%s exists and is not a directory"), dest->buf);
}

strbuf_addch(src, '/');
src_len = src->len;
strbuf_addch(dest, '/');
dest_len = dest->len;

while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
strbuf_setlen(src, src_len);
strbuf_addstr(src, de->d_name);
strbuf_setlen(dest, dest_len);
strbuf_addstr(dest, de->d_name);
if (stat(src->buf, &buf)) {
warning (_("failed to stat %s\n"), src->buf);
continue;
}
if (S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode)) {
if (de->d_name[0] != '.')
copy_or_link_directory(src, dest,
src_repo, src_baselen);
continue;
}

/* Files that cannot be copied bit-for-bit... */
if (!strcmp(src->buf + src_baselen, "/info/alternates")) {
copy_alternates(src, dest, src_repo);
continue;
}

if (unlink(dest->buf) && errno != ENOENT)
die_errno(_("failed to unlink '%s'"), dest->buf);
if (!option_no_hardlinks) {
if (!link(src->buf, dest->buf))
continue;
if (option_local > 0)
die_errno(_("failed to create link '%s'"), dest->buf);
option_no_hardlinks = 1;
}
if (copy_file_with_time(dest->buf, src->buf, 0666))
die_errno(_("failed to copy file to '%s'"), dest->buf);
}
closedir(dir);
}

static void clone_local(const char *src_repo, const char *dest_repo)
{
if (option_shared) {
struct strbuf alt = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addf(&alt, "%s/objects", src_repo);
add_to_alternates_file(alt.buf);
strbuf_release(&alt);
} else {
struct strbuf src = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf dest = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addf(&src, "%s/objects", src_repo);
strbuf_addf(&dest, "%s/objects", dest_repo);
copy_or_link_directory(&src, &dest, src_repo, src.len);
strbuf_release(&src);
strbuf_release(&dest);
}

if (0 <= option_verbosity)
fprintf(stderr, _("done.\n"));
}

static const char *junk_work_tree;
static const char *junk_git_dir;
static pid_t junk_pid;
static enum {
JUNK_LEAVE_NONE,
JUNK_LEAVE_REPO,
JUNK_LEAVE_ALL
} junk_mode = JUNK_LEAVE_NONE;

static const char junk_leave_repo_msg[] =
N_("Clone succeeded, but checkout failed.\n"
   "You can inspect what was checked out with 'git status'\n"
   "and retry the checkout with 'git checkout -f HEAD'\n");

static void remove_junk(void)
{
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

switch (junk_mode) {
case JUNK_LEAVE_REPO:
warning("%s", _(junk_leave_repo_msg));
/* fall-through */
case JUNK_LEAVE_ALL:
return;
default:
/* proceed to removal */
break;
}

if (getpid() != junk_pid)
return;
if (junk_git_dir) {
strbuf_addstr(&sb, junk_git_dir);
remove_dir_recursively(&sb, 0);
strbuf_reset(&sb);
}
if (junk_work_tree) {
strbuf_addstr(&sb, junk_work_tree);
remove_dir_recursively(&sb, 0);
strbuf_reset(&sb);
}
}

static void remove_junk_on_signal(int signo)
{
remove_junk();
sigchain_pop(signo);
raise(signo);
}

static struct ref *find_remote_branch(const struct ref *refs, const char *branch)
{
struct ref *ref;
struct strbuf head = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addstr(&head, "refs/heads/");
strbuf_addstr(&head, branch);
ref = find_ref_by_name(refs, head.buf);
strbuf_release(&head);

if (ref)
return ref;

strbuf_addstr(&head, "refs/tags/");
strbuf_addstr(&head, branch);
ref = find_ref_by_name(refs, head.buf);
strbuf_release(&head);

return ref;
}

static struct ref *wanted_peer_refs(const struct ref *refs,
struct refspec *refspec)
{
struct ref *head = copy_ref(find_ref_by_name(refs, "HEAD"));
struct ref *local_refs = head;
struct ref **tail = head ? &head->next : &local_refs;

if (option_single_branch) {
struct ref *remote_head = NULL;

if (!option_branch)
remote_head = guess_remote_head(head, refs, 0);
else {
local_refs = NULL;
tail = &local_refs;
remote_head = copy_ref(find_remote_branch(refs, option_branch));
}

if (!remote_head && option_branch)
warning(_("Could not find remote branch %s to clone."),
option_branch);
else {
get_fetch_map(remote_head, refspec, &tail, 0);

/* if --branch=tag, pull the requested tag explicitly */
get_fetch_map(remote_head, tag_refspec, &tail, 0);
}
} else
get_fetch_map(refs, refspec, &tail, 0);

if (!option_mirror && !option_single_branch)
get_fetch_map(refs, tag_refspec, &tail, 0);

return local_refs;
}

static void write_remote_refs(const struct ref *local_refs)
{
const struct ref *r;

lock_packed_refs(LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);

for (r = local_refs; r; r = r->next) {
if (!r->peer_ref)
continue;
add_packed_ref(r->peer_ref->name, r->old_sha1);
}

if (commit_packed_refs())
die_errno("unable to overwrite old ref-pack file");
}

static void write_followtags(const struct ref *refs, const char *msg)
{
const struct ref *ref;
for (ref = refs; ref; ref = ref->next) {
if (!starts_with(ref->name, "refs/tags/"))
continue;
if (ends_with(ref->name, "^{}"))
continue;
if (!has_sha1_file(ref->old_sha1))
continue;
update_ref(msg, ref->name, ref->old_sha1,
NULL, 0, UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);
}
}

static int iterate_ref_map(void *cb_data, unsigned char sha1[20])
{
struct ref **rm = cb_data;
struct ref *ref = *rm;

/*
* Skip anything missing a peer_ref, which we are not
* actually going to write a ref for.
*/
while (ref && !ref->peer_ref)
ref = ref->next;
/* Returning -1 notes "end of list" to the caller. */
if (!ref)
return -1;

hashcpy(sha1, ref->old_sha1);
*rm = ref->next;
return 0;
}

static void update_remote_refs(const struct ref *refs,
const struct ref *mapped_refs,
const struct ref *remote_head_points_at,
const char *branch_top,
const char *msg,
struct transport *transport,
int check_connectivity)
{
const struct ref *rm = mapped_refs;

if (check_connectivity) {
if (transport->progress)
fprintf(stderr, _("Checking connectivity... "));
if (check_everything_connected_with_transport(iterate_ref_map,
0, &rm, transport))
die(_("remote did not send all necessary objects"));
if (transport->progress)
fprintf(stderr, _("done.\n"));
}

if (refs) {
write_remote_refs(mapped_refs);
if (option_single_branch)
write_followtags(refs, msg);
}

if (remote_head_points_at && !option_bare) {
struct strbuf head_ref = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addstr(&head_ref, branch_top);
strbuf_addstr(&head_ref, "HEAD");
create_symref(head_ref.buf,
remote_head_points_at->peer_ref->name,
msg);
}
}

static void update_head(const struct ref *our, const struct ref *remote,
const char *msg)
{
const char *head;
if (our && skip_prefix(our->name, "refs/heads/", &head)) {
/* Local default branch link */
create_symref("HEAD", our->name, NULL);
if (!option_bare) {
update_ref(msg, "HEAD", our->old_sha1, NULL, 0,
UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);
install_branch_config(0, head, option_origin, our->name);
}
} else if (our) {
struct commit *c = lookup_commit_reference(our->old_sha1);
/* --branch specifies a non-branch (i.e. tags), detach HEAD */
update_ref(msg, "HEAD", c->object.sha1,
NULL, REF_NODEREF, UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);
} else if (remote) {
/*
* We know remote HEAD points to a non-branch, or
* HEAD points to a branch but we don't know which one.
* Detach HEAD in all these cases.
*/
update_ref(msg, "HEAD", remote->old_sha1,
NULL, REF_NODEREF, UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);
}
}

static int checkout(void)
{
unsigned char sha1[20];
char *head;
struct lock_file *lock_file;
struct unpack_trees_options opts;
struct tree *tree;
struct tree_desc t;
int err = 0;

if (option_no_checkout)
return 0;

head = resolve_refdup("HEAD", sha1, 1, NULL);
if (!head) {
warning(_("remote HEAD refers to nonexistent ref, "
"unable to checkout.\n"));
return 0;
}
if (!strcmp(head, "HEAD")) {
if (advice_detached_head)
detach_advice(sha1_to_hex(sha1));
} else {
if (!starts_with(head, "refs/heads/"))
die(_("HEAD not found below refs/heads!"));
}
free(head);

/* We need to be in the new work tree for the checkout */
setup_work_tree();

lock_file = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
hold_locked_index(lock_file, 1);

memset(&opts, 0, sizeof opts);
opts.update = 1;
opts.merge = 1;
opts.fn = oneway_merge;
opts.verbose_update = (option_verbosity >= 0);
opts.src_index = &the_index;
opts.dst_index = &the_index;

tree = parse_tree_indirect(sha1);
parse_tree(tree);
init_tree_desc(&t, tree->buffer, tree->size);
if (unpack_trees(1, &t, &opts) < 0)
die(_("unable to checkout working tree"));

if (write_locked_index(&the_index, lock_file, COMMIT_LOCK))
die(_("unable to write new index file"));

err |= run_hook_le(NULL, "post-checkout", sha1_to_hex(null_sha1),
sha1_to_hex(sha1), "1", NULL);

if (!err && option_recursive)
err = run_command_v_opt(argv_submodule, RUN_GIT_CMD);

return err;
}

static int write_one_config(const char *key, const char *value, void *data)
{
return git_config_set_multivar(key, value ? value : "true", "^$", 0);
}

static void write_config(struct string_list *config)
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < config->nr; i++) {
if (git_config_parse_parameter(config->items[i].string,
write_one_config, NULL) < 0)
die("unable to write parameters to config file");
}
}

static void write_refspec_config(const char* src_ref_prefix,
const struct ref* our_head_points_at,
const struct ref* remote_head_points_at, struct strbuf* branch_top)
{
struct strbuf key = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf value = STRBUF_INIT;

if (option_mirror || !option_bare) {
if (option_single_branch && !option_mirror) {
if (option_branch) {
if (starts_with(our_head_points_at->name, "refs/tags/"))
strbuf_addf(&value, "+%s:%s", our_head_points_at->name,
our_head_points_at->name);
else
strbuf_addf(&value, "+%s:%s%s", our_head_points_at->name,
branch_top->buf, option_branch);
} else if (remote_head_points_at) {
const char *head = remote_head_points_at->name;
if (!skip_prefix(head, "refs/heads/", &head))
die("BUG: remote HEAD points at non-head?");

strbuf_addf(&value, "+%s:%s%s", remote_head_points_at->name,
branch_top->buf, head);
}
/*
* otherwise, the next "git fetch" will
* simply fetch from HEAD without updating
* any remote-tracking branch, which is what
* we want.
*/
} else {
strbuf_addf(&value, "+%s*:%s*", src_ref_prefix, branch_top->buf);
}
/* Configure the remote */
if (value.len) {
strbuf_addf(&key, "remote.%s.fetch", option_origin);
git_config_set_multivar(key.buf, value.buf, "^$", 0);
strbuf_reset(&key);

if (option_mirror) {
strbuf_addf(&key, "remote.%s.mirror", option_origin);
git_config_set(key.buf, "true");
strbuf_reset(&key);
}
}
}

strbuf_release(&key);
strbuf_release(&value);
}

int cmd_clone(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
int is_bundle = 0, is_local;
struct stat buf;
const char *repo_name, *repo, *work_tree, *git_dir;
char *path, *dir;
int dest_exists;
const struct ref *refs, *remote_head;
const struct ref *remote_head_points_at;
const struct ref *our_head_points_at;
struct ref *mapped_refs;
const struct ref *ref;
struct strbuf key = STRBUF_INIT, value = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf branch_top = STRBUF_INIT, reflog_msg = STRBUF_INIT;
struct transport *transport = NULL;
const char *src_ref_prefix = "refs/heads/";
struct remote *remote;
int err = 0, complete_refs_before_fetch = 1;

struct refspec *refspec;
const char *fetch_pattern;

junk_pid = getpid();

packet_trace_identity("clone");
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, builtin_clone_options,
builtin_clone_usage, 0);

if (argc > 2)
usage_msg_opt(_("Too many arguments."),
builtin_clone_usage, builtin_clone_options);

if (argc == 0)
usage_msg_opt(_("You must specify a repository to clone."),
builtin_clone_usage, builtin_clone_options);

if (option_single_branch == -1)
option_single_branch = option_depth ? 1 : 0;

if (option_mirror)
option_bare = 1;

if (option_bare) {
if (option_origin)
die(_("--bare and --origin %s options are incompatible."),
option_origin);
if (real_git_dir)
die(_("--bare and --separate-git-dir are incompatible."));
option_no_checkout = 1;
}

if (!option_origin)
option_origin = "origin";

repo_name = argv[0];

path = get_repo_path(repo_name, &is_bundle);
if (path)
repo = xstrdup(absolute_path(repo_name));
else if (!strchr(repo_name, ':'))
die(_("repository '%s' does not exist"), repo_name);
else
repo = repo_name;
is_local = option_local != 0 && path && !is_bundle;
if (is_local) {
if (option_depth)
warning(_("--depth is ignored in local clones; use file:// instead."));
if (!access(mkpath("%s/shallow", path), F_OK)) {
if (option_local > 0)
warning(_("source repository is shallow, ignoring --local"));
is_local = 0;
}
}
if (option_local > 0 && !is_local)
warning(_("--local is ignored"));

/* no need to be strict, transport_set_option() will validate it again */
if (option_depth && atoi(option_depth) < 1)
die(_("depth %s is not a positive number"), option_depth);

if (argc == 2)
dir = xstrdup(argv[1]);
else
dir = guess_dir_name(repo_name, is_bundle, option_bare);
strip_trailing_slashes(dir);

dest_exists = !stat(dir, &buf);
if (dest_exists && !is_empty_dir(dir))
die(_("destination path '%s' already exists and is not "
"an empty directory."), dir);

strbuf_addf(&reflog_msg, "clone: from %s", repo);

if (option_bare)
work_tree = NULL;
else {
work_tree = getenv("GIT_WORK_TREE");
if (work_tree && !stat(work_tree, &buf))
die(_("working tree '%s' already exists."), work_tree);
}

if (option_bare || work_tree)
git_dir = xstrdup(dir);
else {
work_tree = dir;
git_dir = mkpathdup("%s/.git", dir);
}

if (!option_bare) {
junk_work_tree = work_tree;
if (safe_create_leading_directories_const(work_tree) < 0)
die_errno(_("could not create leading directories of '%s'"),
work_tree);
if (!dest_exists && mkdir(work_tree, 0777))
die_errno(_("could not create work tree dir '%s'."),
work_tree);
set_git_work_tree(work_tree);
}
junk_git_dir = git_dir;
atexit(remove_junk);
sigchain_push_common(remove_junk_on_signal);

if (safe_create_leading_directories_const(git_dir) < 0)
die(_("could not create leading directories of '%s'"), git_dir);

set_git_dir_init(git_dir, real_git_dir, 0);
if (real_git_dir) {
git_dir = real_git_dir;
junk_git_dir = real_git_dir;
}

if (0 <= option_verbosity) {
if (option_bare)
fprintf(stderr, _("Cloning into bare repository '%s'...\n"), dir);
else
fprintf(stderr, _("Cloning into '%s'...\n"), dir);
}
init_db(option_template, INIT_DB_QUIET);
write_config(&option_config);

git_config(git_default_config, NULL);

if (option_bare) {
if (option_mirror)
src_ref_prefix = "refs/";
strbuf_addstr(&branch_top, src_ref_prefix);

git_config_set("core.bare", "true");
} else {
strbuf_addf(&branch_top, "refs/remotes/%s/", option_origin);
}

strbuf_addf(&value, "+%s*:%s*", src_ref_prefix, branch_top.buf);
strbuf_addf(&key, "remote.%s.url", option_origin);
git_config_set(key.buf, repo);
strbuf_reset(&key);

if (option_reference.nr)
setup_reference();

fetch_pattern = value.buf;
refspec = parse_fetch_refspec(1, &fetch_pattern);

strbuf_reset(&value);

remote = remote_get(option_origin);
transport = transport_get(remote, remote->url[0]);
transport->cloning = 1;

if (!transport->get_refs_list || (!is_local && !transport->fetch))
die(_("Don't know how to clone %s"), transport->url);

transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_KEEP, "yes");

if (option_depth)
transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_DEPTH,
option_depth);
if (option_single_branch)
transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_FOLLOWTAGS, "1");

transport_set_verbosity(transport, option_verbosity, option_progress);

if (option_upload_pack)
transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_UPLOADPACK,
option_upload_pack);

if (transport->smart_options && !option_depth)
transport->smart_options->check_self_contained_and_connected = 1;

refs = transport_get_remote_refs(transport);

if (refs) {
mapped_refs = wanted_peer_refs(refs, refspec);
/*
* transport_get_remote_refs() may return refs with null sha-1
* in mapped_refs (see struct transport->get_refs_list
* comment). In that case we need fetch it early because
* remote_head code below relies on it.
*
* for normal clones, transport_get_remote_refs() should
* return reliable ref set, we can delay cloning until after
* remote HEAD check.
*/
for (ref = refs; ref; ref = ref->next)
if (is_null_sha1(ref->old_sha1)) {
complete_refs_before_fetch = 0;
break;
}

if (!is_local && !complete_refs_before_fetch)
transport_fetch_refs(transport, mapped_refs);

remote_head = find_ref_by_name(refs, "HEAD");
remote_head_points_at =
guess_remote_head(remote_head, mapped_refs, 0);

if (option_branch) {
our_head_points_at =
find_remote_branch(mapped_refs, option_branch);

if (!our_head_points_at)
die(_("Remote branch %s not found in upstream %s"),
option_branch, option_origin);
}
else
our_head_points_at = remote_head_points_at;
}
else {
if (option_branch)
die(_("Remote branch %s not found in upstream %s"),
option_branch, option_origin);

warning(_("You appear to have cloned an empty repository."));
mapped_refs = NULL;
our_head_points_at = NULL;
remote_head_points_at = NULL;
remote_head = NULL;
option_no_checkout = 1;
if (!option_bare)
install_branch_config(0, "master", option_origin,
"refs/heads/master");
}

write_refspec_config(src_ref_prefix, our_head_points_at,
remote_head_points_at, &branch_top);

if (is_local)
clone_local(path, git_dir);
else if (refs && complete_refs_before_fetch)
transport_fetch_refs(transport, mapped_refs);

update_remote_refs(refs, mapped_refs, remote_head_points_at,
branch_top.buf, reflog_msg.buf, transport, !is_local);

update_head(our_head_points_at, remote_head, reflog_msg.buf);

transport_unlock_pack(transport);
transport_disconnect(transport);

junk_mode = JUNK_LEAVE_REPO;
err = checkout();

strbuf_release(&reflog_msg);
strbuf_release(&branch_top);
strbuf_release(&key);
strbuf_release(&value);
junk_mode = JUNK_LEAVE_ALL;
return err;
}
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