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title redirect_from intro versions
About remote repositories
GitHub's collaborative approach to development depends on publishing commits from your local repository to {% data variables.product.product_name %} for other people to view, fetch, and update.
fpt ghes ghec

About remote repositories

A remote URL is Git's fancy way of saying "the place where your code is stored." That URL could be your repository on GitHub, or another user's fork, or even on a completely different server.

You can only push to two types of URL addresses:

  • An HTTPS URL like https://{% data variables.product.product_url %}/user/repo.git
  • An SSH URL, like git@{% data variables.product.product_url %}:user/repo.git

Git associates a remote URL with a name, and your default remote is usually called origin.

Creating remote repositories

You can use the git remote add command to match a remote URL with a name. For example, you'd type the following in the command line:

git remote add origin <REMOTE_URL>

This associates the name origin with the REMOTE_URL.

You can use the command git remote set-url to change a remote's URL.

Choosing a URL for your remote repository

There are several ways to clone repositories available on {% data variables.location.product_location %}.

When you view a repository while signed in to your account, the URLs you can use to clone the project onto your computer are available below the repository details.

For information on setting or changing your remote URL, see "AUTOTITLE."

Cloning with HTTPS URLs

The https:// clone URLs are available on all repositories, regardless of visibility. https:// clone URLs work even if you are behind a firewall or proxy.

When you git clone, git fetch, git pull, or git push to a remote repository using HTTPS URLs on the command line, Git will ask for your {% data variables.product.product_name %} username and password. {% data reusables.user-settings.password-authentication-deprecation %}

{% data reusables.command_line.provide-an-access-token %}

{% tip %}


  • You can use a credential helper so Git will remember your {% data variables.product.prodname_dotcom %} credentials every time it talks to {% data variables.product.prodname_dotcom %}. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."
  • To clone a repository without authenticating to {% data variables.product.product_name %} on the command line, you can use {% data variables.product.prodname_desktop %} to clone instead. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."

{% endtip %}

{% ifversion fpt or ghec %}If you'd rather use SSH but cannot connect over port 22, you might be able to use SSH over the HTTPS port. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."{% endif %}

Cloning with SSH URLs

SSH URLs provide access to a Git repository via SSH, a secure protocol. To use these URLs, you must generate an SSH keypair on your computer and add the public key to your account on {% data variables.location.product_location %}. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."

When you git clone, git fetch, git pull, or git push to a remote repository using SSH URLs, you'll be prompted for a password and must provide your SSH key passphrase. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."

{% ifversion fpt or ghec %}If you are accessing an organization that uses SAML single sign-on (SSO), you must authorize your SSH key to access the organization before you authenticate. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE" and "AUTOTITLE{% ifversion fpt %}" in the {% data variables.product.prodname_ghe_cloud %} documentation.{% else %}."{% endif %}{% endif %}

{% tip %}

Tip: You can use an SSH URL to clone a repository to your computer, or as a secure way of deploying your code to production servers. You can also use SSH agent forwarding with your deploy script to avoid managing keys on the server. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."

{% endtip %}

Cloning with {% data variables.product.prodname_cli %}

You can also install {% data variables.product.prodname_cli %} to use {% data variables.product.product_name %} workflows in your terminal. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE."

{% ifversion ghes < 3.13 %}

Cloning with Subversion

{% data reusables.subversion.sunset %}

You can also use a Subversion client to access any repository on {% data variables.product.prodname_dotcom %}. Subversion offers a different feature set than Git. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE"

You can also access repositories on {% data variables.product.prodname_dotcom %} from Subversion clients. For more information, see "AUTOTITLE." {% endif %}