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Fiber

Fiber هو إطار ويب مستوحى من Express مبني على Fasthttp, اسرع محرك HTTP لـ Go. مصمم ليكون سهل لأغراض السرعة مع عدم تخصيص ذاكرة والأداء و الاداء العالي دائما.

⚡️ بداية سريعة

package main

import "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Get("/", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.SendString("Hello, World 👋!")
    })

    app.Listen(":3000")
}

🤖 مقايس الاداء

يتم تنفيذ هذه الاختبارات من قبل TechEmpower و Go Web. إذا كنت تريد رؤية جميع النتائج ، يرجى زيارة موقعنا Wiki.

⚙️ تثبيت

تأكد من تثبيت Go (تحميل). الإصدار 1.14 أو أعلى مطلوب.

ابدأ مشروعك بإنشاء مجلد ثم تشغيله go mod init github.com/your/repo (أعرف أكثر) داخل المجلد. ثم قم بتثبيت Fiber باستخدام ملف go get أمر:

go get -u github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2

🎯 الميزات

💡 فلسفة

قوفر(مستخدمي لغة Go الجدد) جديد يجعل التبديل من Node.js الى Goتتعامل مع منحنى التعلم قبل أن يتمكنوا من البدء في بناءتطبيقات الويب . Fiber, كـ إطار الويب, تم إنشاؤه بفكرة minimalism ويتبع UNIX way, حتى يتمكن القوفرون الجدد من دخول عالم Go بترحيب حار وموثوق.

Fiber هو مستوحى من Express, إطار الويب الأكثر شعبية على الإنترنت. قمنا بدمج سهولة الـ Express و الأداء الخام لـ Go. إذا كنت قد قمت بتطبيق تطبيق ويب في Node.js (using Express or similar), ستظهر العديد من الأساليب والمبادئ الاكثر شيوعاً لك.

نحن نصغي لمستخدمينا issues, نناقش channel وفي جميع أنحاء الإنترنت لإنشاء سريع, مرن و مألوف Go إطار الويب لـ لأي مهمة, **الموعد الأخير ** و تطوير مهارات! فقط مثل Express تفعل لـ JavaScript عالم.

⚠️ Limitations

  • Due to Fiber's usage of unsafe, the library may not always be compatible with the latest Go version. Fiber 2.29.0 has been tested with Go versions 1.14 to 1.19.
  • Fiber is not compatible with net/http interfaces. This means you will not be able to use projects like gqlgen, go-swagger, or any others which are part of the net/http ecosystem.

👀 أمثلة

فيما يلي بعض الأمثلة الشائعة. إذا كنت ترغب في رؤية المزيد من أمثلة التعليمات البرمجية, يرجى زيارة Recipes repository او زيارة API documentation.

📖 Basic Routing

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    // GET /api/register
    app.Get("/api/*", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("✋ %s", c.Params("*"))
        return c.SendString(msg) // => ✋ register
    })

    // GET /flights/LAX-SFO
    app.Get("/flights/:from-:to", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("💸 From: %s, To: %s", c.Params("from"), c.Params("to"))
        return c.SendString(msg) // => 💸 From: LAX, To: SFO
    })

    // GET /dictionary.txt
    app.Get("/:file.:ext", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("📃 %s.%s", c.Params("file"), c.Params("ext"))
        return c.SendString(msg) // => 📃 dictionary.txt
    })

    // GET /john/75
    app.Get("/:name/:age/:gender?", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("👴 %s is %s years old", c.Params("name"), c.Params("age"))
        return c.SendString(msg) // => 👴 john is 75 years old
    })

    // GET /john
    app.Get("/:name", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("Hello, %s 👋!", c.Params("name"))
        return c.SendString(msg) // => Hello john 👋!
    })

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

📖 Route Naming

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    // GET /api/register
    app.Get("/api/*", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("✋ %s", c.Params("*"))
        return c.SendString(msg) // => ✋ register
    }).Name("api")

    data, _ := json.MarshalIndent(app.GetRoute("api"), "", "  ")
    fmt.Print(string(data))
    // Prints:
    // {
    //    "method": "GET",
    //    "name": "api",
    //    "path": "/api/*",
    //    "params": [
    //      "*1"
    //    ]
    // }


    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

📖 Serving Static Files

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Static("/", "./public")
    // => http://localhost:3000/js/script.js
    // => http://localhost:3000/css/style.css

    app.Static("/prefix", "./public")
    // => http://localhost:3000/prefix/js/script.js
    // => http://localhost:3000/prefix/css/style.css

    app.Static("*", "./public/index.html")
    // => http://localhost:3000/any/path/shows/index/html

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

📖 Middleware & Next

func main() {
	app := fiber.New()

	// Match any route
	app.Use(func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
		fmt.Println("🥇 First handler")
		return c.Next()
	})

	// Match all routes starting with /api
	app.Use("/api", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
		fmt.Println("🥈 Second handler")
		return c.Next()
	})

	// GET /api/register
	app.Get("/api/list", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
		fmt.Println("🥉 Last handler")
		return c.SendString("Hello, World 👋!")
	})

	log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}
📚 إظهار المزيد من أمثلة التعليمات البرمجية

Views engines

📖 Config 📖 Engines 📖 Render

Fiber defaults to the html/template when no view engine is set.

If you want to execute partials or use a different engine like amber, handlebars, mustache or pug etc..

Checkout our Template package that support multiple view engines.

package main

import (
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"
    "github.com/gofiber/template/pug"
)

func main() {
    // You can setup Views engine before initiation app:
    app := fiber.New(fiber.Config{
        Views: pug.New("./views", ".pug"),
    })

    // And now, you can call template `./views/home.pug` like this:
    app.Get("/", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.Render("home", fiber.Map{
            "title": "Homepage",
            "year":  1999,
        })
    })

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

Grouping routes into chains

📖 Group

func middleware(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
    fmt.Println("Don't mind me!")
    return c.Next()
}

func handler(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
    return c.SendString(c.Path())
}

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    // Root API route
    api := app.Group("/api", middleware) // /api

    // API v1 routes
    v1 := api.Group("/v1", middleware) // /api/v1
    v1.Get("/list", handler)           // /api/v1/list
    v1.Get("/user", handler)           // /api/v1/user

    // API v2 routes
    v2 := api.Group("/v2", middleware) // /api/v2
    v2.Get("/list", handler)           // /api/v2/list
    v2.Get("/user", handler)           // /api/v2/user

    // ...
}

Middleware logger

📖 Logger

package main

import (
    "log"

    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2/middleware/logger"
)

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Use(logger.New())

    // ...

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)

📖 CORS

import (
    "log"

    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2/middleware/cors"
)

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Use(cors.New())

    // ...

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

التحقق من CORS عن طريق تمرير أي مجال Origin العنوان:

curl -H "Origin: http://example.com" --verbose http://localhost:3000

مخصص 404 response

📖 HTTP Methods

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Static("/", "./public")

    app.Get("/demo", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.SendString("This is a demo!")
    })

    app.Post("/register", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.SendString("Welcome!")
    })

    // Last middleware to match anything
    app.Use(func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.SendStatus(404)
        // => 404 "Not Found"
    })

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

JSON Response

📖 JSON

type User struct {
    Name string `json:"name"`
    Age  int    `json:"age"`
}

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Get("/user", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.JSON(&User{"John", 20})
        // => {"name":"John", "age":20}
    })

    app.Get("/json", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        return c.JSON(fiber.Map{
            "success": true,
            "message": "Hi John!",
        })
        // => {"success":true, "message":"Hi John!"}
    })

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

WebSocket Upgrade

📖 Websocket

import (
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2/middleware/websocket"
)

func main() {
  app := fiber.New()

  app.Get("/ws", websocket.New(func(c *websocket.Conn) {
    for {
      mt, msg, err := c.ReadMessage()
      if err != nil {
        log.Println("read:", err)
        break
      }
      log.Printf("recv: %s", msg)
      err = c.WriteMessage(mt, msg)
      if err != nil {
        log.Println("write:", err)
        break
      }
    }
  }))

  log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
  // ws://localhost:3000/ws
}

Server-Sent Events

📖 More Info

import (
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"
    "github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
)

func main() {
  app := fiber.New()

  app.Get("/sse", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
    c.Set("Content-Type", "text/event-stream")
    c.Set("Cache-Control", "no-cache")
    c.Set("Connection", "keep-alive")
    c.Set("Transfer-Encoding", "chunked")

    c.Context().SetBodyStreamWriter(fasthttp.StreamWriter(func(w *bufio.Writer) {
      fmt.Println("WRITER")
      var i int
      
      for {
        i++
        msg := fmt.Sprintf("%d - the time is %v", i, time.Now())
        fmt.Fprintf(w, "data: Message: %s\n\n", msg)
        fmt.Println(msg)

        w.Flush()
        time.Sleep(5 * time.Second)
      }
    }))

    return nil
  })

  log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

Recover middleware

📖 Recover

import (
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2"
    "github.com/gofiber/fiber/v2/middleware/recover"
)

func main() {
    app := fiber.New()

    app.Use(recover.New())

    app.Get("/", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
        panic("normally this would crash your app")
    })

    log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}

🧬 Internal Middleware

Here is a list of middleware that are included within the Fiber framework.

Middleware Description
basicauth Basic auth middleware provides an HTTP basic authentication. It calls the next handler for valid credentials and 401 Unauthorized for missing or invalid credentials.
cache Intercept and cache responses
compress Compression middleware for Fiber, it supports deflate, gzip and brotli by default.
cors Enable cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) with various options.
csrf Protect from CSRF exploits.
encryptcookie Encrypt middleware which encrypts cookie values.
envvar Expose environment variables with providing an optional config.
etag ETag middleware that lets caches be more efficient and save bandwidth, as a web server does not need to resend a full response if the content has not changed.
expvar Expvar middleware that serves via its HTTP server runtime exposed variants in the JSON format.
favicon Ignore favicon from logs or serve from memory if a file path is provided.
filesystem FileSystem middleware for Fiber, special thanks and credits to Alireza Salary
limiter Rate-limiting middleware for Fiber. Use to limit repeated requests to public APIs and/or endpoints such as password reset.
logger HTTP request/response logger.
monitor Monitor middleware that reports server metrics, inspired by express-status-monitor
pprof Special thanks to Matthew Lee (@mthli)
proxy Allows you to proxy requests to a multiple servers
recover Recover middleware recovers from panics anywhere in the stack chain and handles the control to the centralized ErrorHandler.
requestid Adds a requestid to every request.
session Session middleware. NOTE: This middleware uses our Storage package.
skip Skip middleware that skips a wrapped handler is a predicate is true.
timeout Adds a max time for a request and forwards to ErrorHandler if it is exceeded.

🧬 External Middleware

List of externally hosted middleware modules and maintained by the Fiber team.

Middleware Description
adaptor Converter for net/http handlers to/from Fiber request handlers, special thanks to @arsmn!
helmet Helps secure your apps by setting various HTTP headers.
jwt JWT returns a JSON Web Token (JWT) auth middleware.
keyauth Key auth middleware provides a key based authentication.
redirect Redirect middleware
rewrite Rewrite middleware rewrites the URL path based on provided rules. It can be helpful for backward compatibility or just creating cleaner and more descriptive links.
storage Premade storage drivers that implement the Storage interface, designed to be used with various Fiber middlewares.
template This package contains 8 template engines that can be used with Fiber v1.10.x Go version 1.13 or higher is required.
websocket Based on Fasthttp WebSocket for Fiber with Locals support!

🕶️ Awesome List

For more articles, middlewares, examples or tools check our awesome list.

👍 مساهمة

إذا كنت تريد أن تقول شكرا جزيل و/او دعم التنمية النشطة للـ Fiber:

  1. اضف GitHub نجمة للمشروع.
  2. غرد عن المشروع في تويتر .
  3. اكتب مراجعة أو برنامج تعليمي عن Medium, Dev.to او في موقعك الشخصي.
  4. دعم المشروع بالتبرع بـ كوب من القهوة.

الداعمين

Fiber هو مشروع مفتوح المصدر يعمل على التبرعات لدفع الفواتير ، على سبيل المثال اسم النطاق الخاص بنا , gitbook, netlify and serverless الاستضافة. إذا كنت تريد دعم Fiber, تستطيع شراء كوب قهوة هنا.

المستخدم التبرع
@destari x 10
@dembygenesis x 5
@thomasvvugt x 5
@hendratommy x 5
@ekaputra07 x 5
@jorgefuertes x 5
@candidosales x 5
@l0nax x 3
@bihe x 3
@justdave x 3
@koddr x 1
@lapolinar x 1
@diegowifi x 1
@ssimk0 x 1
@raymayemir x 1
@melkorm x 1
@marvinjwendt x 1
@toishy x 1

‎‍💻 المساهمون في كتابة الكود

Code Contributors

⭐️ Stargazers

Stargazers over time

⚠️ رخصة

Copyright (c) 2019-present Fenny and Contributors. Fiber هو برنامج مجاني ومفتوح المصدر مرخص بموجب MIT License. تم إنشاء الشعار الرسمي من قبل Vic Shóstak ووزعت تحت Creative Commons رخصة (CC BY-SA 4.0 International).

Third-party library licenses