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"""An abstract class for entities."""
from __future__ import annotations
from abc import ABC
import asyncio
from collections.abc import Awaitable, Iterable, Mapping
from datetime import datetime, timedelta
import functools as ft
import logging
import math
import sys
from timeit import default_timer as timer
from typing import Any, TypedDict, final
from homeassistant.config import DATA_CUSTOMIZE
from homeassistant.const import (
ATTR_ASSUMED_STATE,
ATTR_DEVICE_CLASS,
ATTR_ENTITY_PICTURE,
ATTR_FRIENDLY_NAME,
ATTR_ICON,
ATTR_SUPPORTED_FEATURES,
ATTR_UNIT_OF_MEASUREMENT,
DEVICE_DEFAULT_NAME,
STATE_OFF,
STATE_ON,
STATE_UNAVAILABLE,
STATE_UNKNOWN,
TEMP_CELSIUS,
TEMP_FAHRENHEIT,
)
from homeassistant.core import CALLBACK_TYPE, Context, HomeAssistant, callback
from homeassistant.exceptions import HomeAssistantError, NoEntitySpecifiedError
from homeassistant.helpers import entity_registry as er
from homeassistant.helpers.entity_platform import EntityPlatform
from homeassistant.helpers.entity_registry import RegistryEntry
from homeassistant.helpers.event import Event, async_track_entity_registry_updated_event
from homeassistant.helpers.typing import StateType
from homeassistant.loader import bind_hass
from homeassistant.util import dt as dt_util, ensure_unique_string, slugify
_LOGGER = logging.getLogger(__name__)
SLOW_UPDATE_WARNING = 10
DATA_ENTITY_SOURCE = "entity_info"
SOURCE_CONFIG_ENTRY = "config_entry"
SOURCE_PLATFORM_CONFIG = "platform_config"
# Used when converting float states to string: limit precision according to machine
# epsilon to make the string representation readable
FLOAT_PRECISION = abs(int(math.floor(math.log10(abs(sys.float_info.epsilon))))) - 1
@callback
@bind_hass
def entity_sources(hass: HomeAssistant) -> dict[str, dict[str, str]]:
"""Get the entity sources."""
return hass.data.get(DATA_ENTITY_SOURCE, {})
def generate_entity_id(
entity_id_format: str,
name: str | None,
current_ids: list[str] | None = None,
hass: HomeAssistant | None = None,
) -> str:
"""Generate a unique entity ID based on given entity IDs or used IDs."""
return async_generate_entity_id(entity_id_format, name, current_ids, hass)
@callback
def async_generate_entity_id(
entity_id_format: str,
name: str | None,
current_ids: Iterable[str] | None = None,
hass: HomeAssistant | None = None,
) -> str:
"""Generate a unique entity ID based on given entity IDs or used IDs."""
name = (name or DEVICE_DEFAULT_NAME).lower()
preferred_string = entity_id_format.format(slugify(name))
if current_ids is not None:
return ensure_unique_string(preferred_string, current_ids)
if hass is None:
raise ValueError("Missing required parameter current_ids or hass")
test_string = preferred_string
tries = 1
while not hass.states.async_available(test_string):
tries += 1
test_string = f"{preferred_string}_{tries}"
return test_string
def get_capability(hass: HomeAssistant, entity_id: str, capability: str) -> Any | None:
"""Get a capability attribute of an entity.
First try the statemachine, then entity registry.
"""
state = hass.states.get(entity_id)
if state:
return state.attributes.get(capability)
entity_registry = er.async_get(hass)
entry = entity_registry.async_get(entity_id)
if not entry:
raise HomeAssistantError(f"Unknown entity {entity_id}")
return entry.capabilities.get(capability) if entry.capabilities else None
def get_device_class(hass: HomeAssistant, entity_id: str) -> str | None:
"""Get device class of an entity.
First try the statemachine, then entity registry.
"""
state = hass.states.get(entity_id)
if state:
return state.attributes.get(ATTR_DEVICE_CLASS)
entity_registry = er.async_get(hass)
entry = entity_registry.async_get(entity_id)
if not entry:
raise HomeAssistantError(f"Unknown entity {entity_id}")
return entry.device_class
def get_supported_features(hass: HomeAssistant, entity_id: str) -> int:
"""Get supported features for an entity.
First try the statemachine, then entity registry.
"""
state = hass.states.get(entity_id)
if state:
return state.attributes.get(ATTR_SUPPORTED_FEATURES, 0)
entity_registry = er.async_get(hass)
entry = entity_registry.async_get(entity_id)
if not entry:
raise HomeAssistantError(f"Unknown entity {entity_id}")
return entry.supported_features or 0
def get_unit_of_measurement(hass: HomeAssistant, entity_id: str) -> str | None:
"""Get unit of measurement class of an entity.
First try the statemachine, then entity registry.
"""
state = hass.states.get(entity_id)
if state:
return state.attributes.get(ATTR_UNIT_OF_MEASUREMENT)
entity_registry = er.async_get(hass)
entry = entity_registry.async_get(entity_id)
if not entry:
raise HomeAssistantError(f"Unknown entity {entity_id}")
return entry.unit_of_measurement
class DeviceInfo(TypedDict, total=False):
"""Entity device information for device registry."""
name: str
connections: set[tuple[str, str]]
identifiers: set[tuple[str, str]]
manufacturer: str
model: str
suggested_area: str
sw_version: str
via_device: tuple[str, str]
entry_type: str | None
default_name: str
default_manufacturer: str
default_model: str
class Entity(ABC):
"""An abstract class for Home Assistant entities."""
# SAFE TO OVERWRITE
# The properties and methods here are safe to overwrite when inheriting
# this class. These may be used to customize the behavior of the entity.
entity_id: str = None # type: ignore
# Owning hass instance. Will be set by EntityPlatform
# While not purely typed, it makes typehinting more useful for us
# and removes the need for constant None checks or asserts.
hass: HomeAssistant = None # type: ignore
# Owning platform instance. Will be set by EntityPlatform
platform: EntityPlatform | None = None
# If we reported if this entity was slow
_slow_reported = False
# If we reported this entity is updated while disabled
_disabled_reported = False
# Protect for multiple updates
_update_staged = False
# Process updates in parallel
parallel_updates: asyncio.Semaphore | None = None
# Entry in the entity registry
registry_entry: RegistryEntry | None = None
# Hold list for functions to call on remove.
_on_remove: list[CALLBACK_TYPE] | None = None
# Context
_context: Context | None = None
_context_set: datetime | None = None
# If entity is added to an entity platform
_added = False
# Entity Properties
_attr_assumed_state: bool = False
_attr_available: bool = True
_attr_context_recent_time: timedelta = timedelta(seconds=5)
_attr_device_class: str | None = None
_attr_device_info: DeviceInfo | None = None
_attr_entity_picture: str | None = None
_attr_entity_registry_enabled_default: bool = True
_attr_extra_state_attributes: Mapping[str, Any] | None = None
_attr_force_update: bool = False
_attr_icon: str | None = None
_attr_name: str | None = None
_attr_should_poll: bool = True
_attr_state: StateType = STATE_UNKNOWN
_attr_supported_features: int | None = None
_attr_unique_id: str | None = None
_attr_unit_of_measurement: str | None = None
@property
def should_poll(self) -> bool:
"""Return True if entity has to be polled for state.
False if entity pushes its state to HA.
"""
return self._attr_should_poll
@property
def unique_id(self) -> str | None:
"""Return a unique ID."""
return self._attr_unique_id
@property
def name(self) -> str | None:
"""Return the name of the entity."""
return self._attr_name
@property
def state(self) -> StateType:
"""Return the state of the entity."""
return self._attr_state
@property
def capability_attributes(self) -> Mapping[str, Any] | None:
"""Return the capability attributes.
Attributes that explain the capabilities of an entity.
Implemented by component base class. Convention for attribute names
is lowercase snake_case.
"""
return None
@property
def state_attributes(self) -> dict[str, Any] | None:
"""Return the state attributes.
Implemented by component base class, should not be extended by integrations.
Convention for attribute names is lowercase snake_case.
"""
return None
@property
def device_state_attributes(self) -> Mapping[str, Any] | None:
"""Return entity specific state attributes.
This method is deprecated, platform classes should implement
extra_state_attributes instead.
"""
return None
@property
def extra_state_attributes(self) -> Mapping[str, Any] | None:
"""Return entity specific state attributes.
Implemented by platform classes. Convention for attribute names
is lowercase snake_case.
"""
return self._attr_extra_state_attributes
@property
def device_info(self) -> DeviceInfo | None:
"""Return device specific attributes.
Implemented by platform classes.
"""
return self._attr_device_info
@property
def device_class(self) -> str | None:
"""Return the class of this device, from component DEVICE_CLASSES."""
return self._attr_device_class
@property
def unit_of_measurement(self) -> str | None:
"""Return the unit of measurement of this entity, if any."""
return self._attr_unit_of_measurement
@property
def icon(self) -> str | None:
"""Return the icon to use in the frontend, if any."""
return self._attr_icon
@property
def entity_picture(self) -> str | None:
"""Return the entity picture to use in the frontend, if any."""
return self._attr_entity_picture
@property
def available(self) -> bool:
"""Return True if entity is available."""
return self._attr_available
@property
def assumed_state(self) -> bool:
"""Return True if unable to access real state of the entity."""
return self._attr_assumed_state
@property
def force_update(self) -> bool:
"""Return True if state updates should be forced.
If True, a state change will be triggered anytime the state property is
updated, not just when the value changes.
"""
return self._attr_force_update
@property
def supported_features(self) -> int | None:
"""Flag supported features."""
return self._attr_supported_features
@property
def context_recent_time(self) -> timedelta:
"""Time that a context is considered recent."""
return self._attr_context_recent_time
@property
def entity_registry_enabled_default(self) -> bool:
"""Return if the entity should be enabled when first added to the entity registry."""
return self._attr_entity_registry_enabled_default
# DO NOT OVERWRITE
# These properties and methods are either managed by Home Assistant or they
# are used to perform a very specific function. Overwriting these may
# produce undesirable effects in the entity's operation.
@property
def enabled(self) -> bool:
"""Return if the entity is enabled in the entity registry.
If an entity is not part of the registry, it cannot be disabled
and will therefore always be enabled.
"""
return self.registry_entry is None or not self.registry_entry.disabled
@callback
def async_set_context(self, context: Context) -> None:
"""Set the context the entity currently operates under."""
self._context = context
self._context_set = dt_util.utcnow()
async def async_update_ha_state(self, force_refresh: bool = False) -> None:
"""Update Home Assistant with current state of entity.
If force_refresh == True will update entity before setting state.
This method must be run in the event loop.
"""
if self.hass is None:
raise RuntimeError(f"Attribute hass is None for {self}")
if self.entity_id is None:
raise NoEntitySpecifiedError(
f"No entity id specified for entity {self.name}"
)
# update entity data
if force_refresh:
try:
await self.async_device_update()
except Exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except
_LOGGER.exception("Update for %s fails", self.entity_id)
return
self._async_write_ha_state()
@callback
def async_write_ha_state(self) -> None:
"""Write the state to the state machine."""
if self.hass is None:
raise RuntimeError(f"Attribute hass is None for {self}")
if self.entity_id is None:
raise NoEntitySpecifiedError(
f"No entity id specified for entity {self.name}"
)
self._async_write_ha_state()
def _stringify_state(self) -> str:
"""Convert state to string."""
if not self.available:
return STATE_UNAVAILABLE
state = self.state
if state is None:
return STATE_UNKNOWN
if isinstance(state, float):
# If the entity's state is a float, limit precision according to machine
# epsilon to make the string representation readable
return f"{state:.{FLOAT_PRECISION}}"
return str(state)
@callback
def _async_write_ha_state(self) -> None:
"""Write the state to the state machine."""
if self.registry_entry and self.registry_entry.disabled_by:
if not self._disabled_reported:
self._disabled_reported = True
assert self.platform is not None
_LOGGER.warning(
"Entity %s is incorrectly being triggered for updates while it is disabled. This is a bug in the %s integration",
self.entity_id,
self.platform.platform_name,
)
return
start = timer()
attr = self.capability_attributes
attr = dict(attr) if attr else {}
state = self._stringify_state()
if self.available:
attr.update(self.state_attributes or {})
extra_state_attributes = self.extra_state_attributes
# Backwards compatibility for "device_state_attributes" deprecated in 2021.4
# Add warning in 2021.6, remove in 2021.10
if extra_state_attributes is None:
extra_state_attributes = self.device_state_attributes
attr.update(extra_state_attributes or {})
unit_of_measurement = self.unit_of_measurement
if unit_of_measurement is not None:
attr[ATTR_UNIT_OF_MEASUREMENT] = unit_of_measurement
entry = self.registry_entry
# pylint: disable=consider-using-ternary
name = (entry and entry.name) or self.name
if name is not None:
attr[ATTR_FRIENDLY_NAME] = name
icon = (entry and entry.icon) or self.icon
if icon is not None:
attr[ATTR_ICON] = icon
entity_picture = self.entity_picture
if entity_picture is not None:
attr[ATTR_ENTITY_PICTURE] = entity_picture
assumed_state = self.assumed_state
if assumed_state:
attr[ATTR_ASSUMED_STATE] = assumed_state
supported_features = self.supported_features
if supported_features is not None:
attr[ATTR_SUPPORTED_FEATURES] = supported_features
device_class = self.device_class
if device_class is not None:
attr[ATTR_DEVICE_CLASS] = str(device_class)
end = timer()
if end - start > 0.4 and not self._slow_reported:
self._slow_reported = True
extra = ""
if "custom_components" in type(self).__module__:
extra = "Please report it to the custom component author."
else:
extra = (
"Please create a bug report at "
"https://github.com/home-assistant/core/issues?q=is%3Aopen+is%3Aissue"
)
if self.platform:
extra += (
f"+label%3A%22integration%3A+{self.platform.platform_name}%22"
)
_LOGGER.warning(
"Updating state for %s (%s) took %.3f seconds. %s",
self.entity_id,
type(self),
end - start,
extra,
)
# Overwrite properties that have been set in the config file.
if DATA_CUSTOMIZE in self.hass.data:
attr.update(self.hass.data[DATA_CUSTOMIZE].get(self.entity_id))
# Convert temperature if we detect one
try:
unit_of_measure = attr.get(ATTR_UNIT_OF_MEASUREMENT)
units = self.hass.config.units
if (
unit_of_measure in (TEMP_CELSIUS, TEMP_FAHRENHEIT)
and unit_of_measure != units.temperature_unit
):
prec = len(state) - state.index(".") - 1 if "." in state else 0
temp = units.temperature(float(state), unit_of_measure)
state = str(round(temp) if prec == 0 else round(temp, prec))
attr[ATTR_UNIT_OF_MEASUREMENT] = units.temperature_unit
except ValueError:
# Could not convert state to float
pass
if (
self._context_set is not None
and dt_util.utcnow() - self._context_set > self.context_recent_time
):
self._context = None
self._context_set = None
self.hass.states.async_set(
self.entity_id, state, attr, self.force_update, self._context
)
def schedule_update_ha_state(self, force_refresh: bool = False) -> None:
"""Schedule an update ha state change task.
Scheduling the update avoids executor deadlocks.
Entity state and attributes are read when the update ha state change
task is executed.
If state is changed more than once before the ha state change task has
been executed, the intermediate state transitions will be missed.
"""
self.hass.add_job(self.async_update_ha_state(force_refresh)) # type: ignore
@callback
def async_schedule_update_ha_state(self, force_refresh: bool = False) -> None:
"""Schedule an update ha state change task.
This method must be run in the event loop.
Scheduling the update avoids executor deadlocks.
Entity state and attributes are read when the update ha state change
task is executed.
If state is changed more than once before the ha state change task has
been executed, the intermediate state transitions will be missed.
"""
if force_refresh:
self.hass.async_create_task(self.async_update_ha_state(force_refresh))
else:
self.async_write_ha_state()
async def async_device_update(self, warning: bool = True) -> None:
"""Process 'update' or 'async_update' from entity.
This method is a coroutine.
"""
if self._update_staged:
return
self._update_staged = True
# Process update sequential
if self.parallel_updates:
await self.parallel_updates.acquire()
try:
# pylint: disable=no-member
if hasattr(self, "async_update"):
task = self.hass.async_create_task(self.async_update()) # type: ignore
elif hasattr(self, "update"):
task = self.hass.async_add_executor_job(self.update) # type: ignore
else:
return
if not warning:
await task
return
finished, _ = await asyncio.wait([task], timeout=SLOW_UPDATE_WARNING)
for done in finished:
exc = done.exception()
if exc:
raise exc
return
_LOGGER.warning(
"Update of %s is taking over %s seconds",
self.entity_id,
SLOW_UPDATE_WARNING,
)
await task
finally:
self._update_staged = False
if self.parallel_updates:
self.parallel_updates.release()
@callback
def async_on_remove(self, func: CALLBACK_TYPE) -> None:
"""Add a function to call when entity removed."""
if self._on_remove is None:
self._on_remove = []
self._on_remove.append(func)
async def async_removed_from_registry(self) -> None:
"""Run when entity has been removed from entity registry.
To be extended by integrations.
"""
@callback
def add_to_platform_start(
self,
hass: HomeAssistant,
platform: EntityPlatform,
parallel_updates: asyncio.Semaphore | None,
) -> None:
"""Start adding an entity to a platform."""
if self._added:
raise HomeAssistantError(
f"Entity {self.entity_id} cannot be added a second time to an entity platform"
)
self.hass = hass
self.platform = platform
self.parallel_updates = parallel_updates
self._added = True
@callback
def add_to_platform_abort(self) -> None:
"""Abort adding an entity to a platform."""
self.hass = None # type: ignore
self.platform = None
self.parallel_updates = None
self._added = False
async def add_to_platform_finish(self) -> None:
"""Finish adding an entity to a platform."""
await self.async_internal_added_to_hass()
await self.async_added_to_hass()
self.async_write_ha_state()
async def async_remove(self, *, force_remove: bool = False) -> None:
"""Remove entity from Home Assistant.
If the entity has a non disabled entry in the entity registry,
the entity's state will be set to unavailable, in the same way
as when the entity registry is loaded.
If the entity doesn't have a non disabled entry in the entity registry,
or if force_remove=True, its state will be removed.
"""
if self.platform and not self._added:
raise HomeAssistantError(
f"Entity {self.entity_id} async_remove called twice"
)
self._added = False
if self._on_remove is not None:
while self._on_remove:
self._on_remove.pop()()
await self.async_internal_will_remove_from_hass()
await self.async_will_remove_from_hass()
# Check if entry still exists in entity registry (e.g. unloading config entry)
if (
not force_remove
and self.registry_entry
and not self.registry_entry.disabled
):
# Set the entity's state will to unavailable + ATTR_RESTORED: True
self.registry_entry.write_unavailable_state(self.hass)
else:
self.hass.states.async_remove(self.entity_id, context=self._context)
async def async_added_to_hass(self) -> None:
"""Run when entity about to be added to hass.
To be extended by integrations.
"""
async def async_will_remove_from_hass(self) -> None:
"""Run when entity will be removed from hass.
To be extended by integrations.
"""
async def async_internal_added_to_hass(self) -> None:
"""Run when entity about to be added to hass.
Not to be extended by integrations.
"""
if self.platform:
info = {"domain": self.platform.platform_name}
if self.platform.config_entry:
info["source"] = SOURCE_CONFIG_ENTRY
info["config_entry"] = self.platform.config_entry.entry_id
else:
info["source"] = SOURCE_PLATFORM_CONFIG
self.hass.data.setdefault(DATA_ENTITY_SOURCE, {})[self.entity_id] = info
if self.registry_entry is not None:
# This is an assert as it should never happen, but helps in tests
assert (
not self.registry_entry.disabled_by
), f"Entity {self.entity_id} is being added while it's disabled"
self.async_on_remove(
async_track_entity_registry_updated_event(
self.hass, self.entity_id, self._async_registry_updated
)
)
async def async_internal_will_remove_from_hass(self) -> None:
"""Run when entity will be removed from hass.
Not to be extended by integrations.
"""
if self.platform:
self.hass.data[DATA_ENTITY_SOURCE].pop(self.entity_id)
async def _async_registry_updated(self, event: Event) -> None:
"""Handle entity registry update."""
data = event.data
if data["action"] == "remove":
await self.async_removed_from_registry()
self.registry_entry = None
await self.async_remove()
if data["action"] != "update":
return
ent_reg = await self.hass.helpers.entity_registry.async_get_registry()
old = self.registry_entry
self.registry_entry = ent_reg.async_get(data["entity_id"])
assert self.registry_entry is not None
if self.registry_entry.disabled:
await self.async_remove()
return
assert old is not None
if self.registry_entry.entity_id == old.entity_id:
self.async_write_ha_state()
return
await self.async_remove(force_remove=True)
assert self.platform is not None
self.entity_id = self.registry_entry.entity_id
await self.platform.async_add_entities([self])
def __eq__(self, other: Any) -> bool:
"""Return the comparison."""
if not isinstance(other, self.__class__):
return False
# Can only decide equality if both have a unique id
if self.unique_id is None or other.unique_id is None:
return False
# Ensure they belong to the same platform
if self.platform is not None or other.platform is not None:
if self.platform is None or other.platform is None:
return False
if self.platform.platform != other.platform.platform:
return False
return self.unique_id == other.unique_id
def __repr__(self) -> str:
"""Return the representation."""
return f"<Entity {self.name}: {self.state}>"
async def async_request_call(self, coro: Awaitable) -> None:
"""Process request batched."""
if self.parallel_updates:
await self.parallel_updates.acquire()
try:
await coro
finally:
if self.parallel_updates:
self.parallel_updates.release()
class ToggleEntity(Entity):
"""An abstract class for entities that can be turned on and off."""
_attr_is_on: bool
_attr_state: None = None
@property
@final
def state(self) -> str | None:
"""Return the state."""
return STATE_ON if self.is_on else STATE_OFF
@property
def is_on(self) -> bool:
"""Return True if entity is on."""
return self._attr_is_on
def turn_on(self, **kwargs: Any) -> None:
"""Turn the entity on."""
raise NotImplementedError()
async def async_turn_on(self, **kwargs: Any) -> None:
"""Turn the entity on."""
await self.hass.async_add_executor_job(ft.partial(self.turn_on, **kwargs))
def turn_off(self, **kwargs: Any) -> None:
"""Turn the entity off."""
raise NotImplementedError()
async def async_turn_off(self, **kwargs: Any) -> None:
"""Turn the entity off."""
await self.hass.async_add_executor_job(ft.partial(self.turn_off, **kwargs))
def toggle(self, **kwargs: Any) -> None:
"""Toggle the entity."""
if self.is_on:
self.turn_off(**kwargs)
else:
self.turn_on(**kwargs)
async def async_toggle(self, **kwargs: Any) -> None:
"""Toggle the entity."""
if self.is_on:
await self.async_turn_off(**kwargs)
else:
await self.async_turn_on(**kwargs)