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#!/usr/bin/env python
#coding=utf-8
'''
163_NeteaseMusic.py
WebCrawlerExample
Created by HTC at 2018/9/9
Copyright © 2018 iHTCboy. All rights reserved.
'''
import os
import re
import json
import requests
from lxml import etree
def download_songs(url=None):
if url is None:
url = 'https://music.163.com/#/playlist?id=2384642500'
url = url.replace('/#', '').replace('https', 'http') # 对字符串进行去空格和转协议处理
# 网易云音乐外链url接口:http://music.163.com/song/media/outer/url?id=xxxx
out_link = 'http://music.163.com/song/media/outer/url?id='
# 请求头
headers = {
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_13_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/68.0.3440.106 Safari/537.36',
'Referer': 'https://music.163.com/',
'Host': 'music.163.com'
}
# 请求页面的源码
res = requests.get(url=url, headers=headers).text
tree = etree.HTML(res)
# 音乐列表
song_list = tree.xpath('//ul[@class="f-hide"]/li/a')
# 如果是歌手页面
artist_name_tree = tree.xpath('//h2[@id="artist-name"]/text()')
artist_name = str(artist_name_tree[0]) if artist_name_tree else None
# 如果是歌单页面:
#song_list_tree = tree.xpath('//*[@id="m-playlist"]/div[1]/div/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/table/tbody')
song_list_name_tree = tree.xpath('//h2[contains(@class,"f-ff2")]/text()')
song_list_name = str(song_list_name_tree[0]) if song_list_name_tree else None
# 设置音乐下载的文件夹为歌手名字或歌单名
folder = './' + artist_name if artist_name else './' + song_list_name
if not os.path.exists(folder):
os.mkdir(folder)
for i, s in enumerate(song_list):
href = str(s.xpath('./@href')[0])
song_id = href.split('=')[-1]
src = out_link + song_id # 拼接获取音乐真实的src资源值
title = str(s.xpath('./text()')[0]) # 音乐的名字
filename = title + '.mp3'
filepath = folder + '/' + filename
print('开始下载第{}首音乐:{}\n'.format(i + 1, filename))
try: # 下载音乐
#下载歌词
#download_lyric(title, song_id)
data = requests.get(src).content # 音乐的二进制数据
with open(filepath, 'wb') as f:
f.write(data)
except Exception as e:
print(e)
print('{}首全部歌曲已经下载完毕!'.format(len(song_list)))
def download_lyric(song_name, song_id):
url = 'http://music.163.com/api/song/lyric?id={}&lv=-1&kv=-1&tv=-1'.format(song_id)
# 请求头
headers = {
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_13_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/68.0.3440.106 Safari/537.36',
'Referer': 'https://music.163.com/',
'Host': 'music.163.com'
# 'Origin': 'https://music.163.com'
}
# 请求页面的源码
res = requests.get(url=url, headers=headers).text
json_obj = json.loads(res)
lyric = json_obj['lrc']['lyric']
reg = re.compile(r'\[.*\]')
lrc_text = re.sub(reg, '', lyric).strip()
print(song_name, lrc_text)
if __name__ == '__main__':
#music_list = 'https://music.163.com/#/playlist?id=2384642500' #歌曲清单
music_list = 'https://music.163.com/#/artist?id=8325' #歌手排行榜
# music_list = 'https://music.163.com/#/search/m/?order=hot&cat=全部&limit=435&offset=435&s=梁静茹' #搜索列表
download_songs(music_list)