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Gophernicus is a modern full-featured (and hopefully) secure gopher daemon
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Gophernicus - Copyright (c) 2009-2018 Kim Holviala <firstname.lastname@example.org> Gophernicus is a modern full-featured (and hopefully) secure gopher daemon. It is licensed under the BSD license. Command line options: -h hostname Change server hostname (FQDN) [$HOSTNAME] -p port Change server port  -T port Change TLS/SSL port [0 = disabled] -r root Change gopher root [/var/gopher] -t type Change default gopher filetype  -g mapfile Change gophermap file [gophermap] -a tagfile Change gophertag file [gophertag] -c cgidir Change CGI script directory [/cgi-bin/] -u userdir Change users personal gopherspace [public_gopher] -l logfile Log to Apache-compatible combined format logfile -w width Change default page width  -o charset Change default output charset [US-ASCII] -s seconds Session timeout in seconds  -i hits Maximum hits until throttling  -k kbytes Maximum transfer until throttling  -f filterdir Specify directory for output filters -e ext=type Map file extension to gopher filetype -R old=new Rewrite the beginning of a selector -D text|file Set or load server description for caps.txt -L text|file Set or load server location for caps.txt -A admin Set admin email for caps.txt -nv Disable virtual hosting -nl Disable parent directory links -nh Disable menu header (title) -nf Disable menu footer -nd Disable dates and filesizes in menus -nc Disable file content detection -no Disable charset conversion for output -nq Disable HTTP-style query strings (?query) -ns Disable logging to syslog -na Disable autogenerated caps.txt -nt Disable /server-status -nm Disable shared memory use (for debugging) -nr Disable root user checking (for debugging) -np Disable HAproxy proxy protocol -d Debug output in syslog and /server-status -v Display version number and build date -b Display the BSD license -? Display this help Setting up a gopher site ======================== After succesfully installing Gophernicus (see INSTALL) you need to set up the gopher root directory. By default Gophernicus serves documents from /var/gopher so start by creating that directory and making sure it's world-readable. Then, simply add files and directories under your root, fire up a gopher browser (Firefox with the OverbiteFF extension, Lynx) and open up this URL: gopher://<HOSTNAME>/ (where <HOSTNAME> is your server hostname) That's it, your first gopher site is now up and running. If the links on the root menu don't work make sure you are using the -h <HOSTNAME> parameter in your configuration (with a valid resolveable hostname instead of <HOSTNAME> - see INSTALL). Security ======== Gophernicus has been written with high security in mind. There should be no buffer overflows or memory allocation problems so it should be safe to run a publicly available gopher server with Gophernicus. However, the security settings (which are non-changeable) are so strict that you need to keep one thing in mind. Gophernicus will only serve world-readable content. Being readable by the server process is not enough, all files and directories MUST be world-readable or they are simply hidden from all listings and denied if a client asks for them. Gophermaps ========== By default all gopher menus are automatically generated from the content of the directory being viewed. If you want to have informational text along with the files, or if you want to completely replace the generated menu with your own you need to take a look at gophermaps. See the file README.gophermap for more information. Gophertags ========== A gophertag file can be used to virtually rename a directory. Let's assume that you have a directory called "foo" somewhere - it will be listed as "foo" in all automatically generated menus. Now if you create a file foo/gophertag and put the text "bar" into it the menus will show "bar" but the links will still point to "foo". This is useful for creating descriptive names for directories without littering the file system with spaces and weird characters. Personal gopherspaces ===================== Gophernicus supports users personal gopherspaces. If a user has world-readable directory called public_gopher/ under his home, a request for gopher://<HOSTNAME>/1/~user/ will serve documents from that directory. Virtual hosting =============== Gophernicus supports virtual hosting, or serving more than one logical domain using the same IP address. Since gopher (RFC1436) doesn't support virtual hosting this requires some clever (but mostly invisble) hacks. To enable virtual hosting create one or more directories under your gopher root which are named after your domain names. The primary vhost directory (set with the -h <HOSTNAME> option) must exist or virtual hosting will be disabled. Then simply add content to the hostname directories and you're up and running. Almost. To make gopher clients work properly with virtual hosting, create a root gophermap for each of your domains and include the "%" type character to create a list of all available virtual hosts (see README.gophermap). The generated virtual host links will be created so that standard gopher clients will find the correct domain even when they don't specifically tell the server which host they're trying to reach. CGI support =========== Gophernicus supports most parts of the CGI/1.1 standard. Most standard CGI variables are set, and some non-standard ones are added. By default all scripts and binaries under any directory called /cgi-bin/ are executed as CGI scripts (this includes cgi-bin directories under users personal gopherspaces). Also, if a gophermap is marked executable it is also processed as an CGI script. As with regular files, CGI scripts must be world-executable (and readable) or they will be ignored. Make sure your CGI script is safe with ANY user input as poorly coded CGI scripts are the number #1 security problem with publicly open *nix servers. Output filtering and PHP support ================================ In addition to CGI scripts Gophernicus supports output filtering scripts. By default output filtering is turned off, but you can turn it on by using the -f <FILTERDIR> option, creating that directory and creating one or more scripts in there named by either the file suffix, or by the gopher filetype char. If a file is to be served out which matches either the file suffix script, or the filetype script then instead of simply sending the file to client the output filter script is executed with the original file as the first parameter and the output of the script is then sent to client. For PHP support install the CLI version of the PHP interpreter and then symlink (or copy) that binary to the directory specified with -f option using the destination name "php". $ ln -s /usr/bin/php5-cli /usr/lib/gophernicus/filters/php After that all files with the php suffix will be "filtered" through the PHP command line interpreter. In other words, PHP starts working. And don't use the CGI version of PHP as it outputs HTTP headers the gopher protocol doesn't have. Charset support and conversions =============================== Gophernicus supports three charsets: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and UTF-8. All textual input is internally upconverted to UTF-8 and then downconverted to whatever charset the client is asking for. The conversion is input autosensing which means that you don't have to specify your filesystem charset, or the charset of your text files - it's all detected automatically. With standard gopher clients this is a bit of a problem as your text files WILL be converted to 7-bit US-ASCII. This means that all 8-bit charaters WILL BE LOST. This decision was made because no gopher client that I tested was reliably cabable of decoding anything else than pure US-ASCII. If you want to disable the conversion use the "-no" option, or if you'd like to change the default output charset to something else than US-ASCII just use for example the "-o ISO-8859-1" option. Selector rewriting ================== Selector rewriting lets you rewrite parts of the selector on the fly. Well, not parts, but really just the start of it. And the rewrite enging here is nothing like Apache's mod_rewrite as I was too lazy to integrate any regex libraries... So, all it does is rewrite a fixed string at the start of the selector to something else. This will let you move your directories around while making sure that existing deeplinks still work. Examples: -R "/~user=/~luser" -R "/old-dir=/new-dir" Session tracking and statistics =============================== To enable virtual hosting with gopher (RFC1436) clients Gophernicus tracks users and their session. As a side effect of that session tracking, Gophernicus has simple throttling controls to keep nasty users from killing your precious 120MHz PPC 604e server from dying under the load. The throttling defaults are high enough that normal human users will never hit the limits, but it's possible (and mostly preferrable) that a badly behaving crawling agent will be throttled. The current sessions and other real-time status data can be viewed by opening the URL gopher://<HOSTNAME>/0/server-status . This status view has been modeled after the Apache server-status which means that it's possible to integrate Gophernicus into existing server monitoring systems. To ease up such integrations, Gophernicus supports HTTP requests of the server-status page using an URL like http://<HOSTNAME>:70/server-status?auto TLS/SSL and proxy support ========================= As of version 2.3 Gophernicus supports the HAproxy proxy protocol version 1. This makes it possible to build a cluster of gopher servers and use HAproxy in front of them all handling client routing to different backend servers. More useful is putting Gophernicus behind Stunnel4 for TLS/SSL support and use the same proxy protocol to tell Gophernicus the correct remote IP address. The below sample stunnel configuration is all you need to TLS-enable your gopher server. Well, you'll need a certificate too and for that I recommend Let's Encrypt. In addition to configuring Stunnel for TLS you should add -T <TLS port> to Gophernicus options so that it knows which connetions are coming in encrypted and which are not. Using proper -T also makes it possible for CGI programs to use the $TLS environment variable to know whether the current request was encrypted or not. ; ; Gophernicus behind Stunnel4 for gopher over TLS ; ; User/group for stunnel daemon setuid = stunnel4 setgid = stunnel4 ; PID file location pid = /var/run/stunnel4/gophernicus.pid ; Log to file, not syslog output = /var/log/stunnel4/gophernicus.log syslog = no ; Certificate in pem format is needed for TLS cert = /etc/ssl/private/gophernicus.pem ; Enable TCP wrappers libwrap = yes service = in.gophernicus-tls ; Gopher over TLS service [gophernicus] accept = :::7070 connect = 127.0.0.1:70 protocol = proxy