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/*
Copyright 2015 The Kubernetes Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
// Package deployment contains all the logic for handling Kubernetes Deployments.
// It implements a set of strategies (rolling, recreate) for deploying an application,
// the means to rollback to previous versions, proportional scaling for mitigating
// risk, cleanup policy, and other useful features of Deployments.
package deployment
import (
"fmt"
"reflect"
"time"
"k8s.io/klog"
apps "k8s.io/api/apps/v1"
"k8s.io/api/core/v1"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/api/errors"
metav1 "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/apis/meta/v1"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/labels"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/types"
utilruntime "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/runtime"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/wait"
appsinformers "k8s.io/client-go/informers/apps/v1"
coreinformers "k8s.io/client-go/informers/core/v1"
clientset "k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes"
"k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/scheme"
v1core "k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1"
appslisters "k8s.io/client-go/listers/apps/v1"
corelisters "k8s.io/client-go/listers/core/v1"
"k8s.io/client-go/tools/cache"
"k8s.io/client-go/tools/record"
"k8s.io/client-go/util/workqueue"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/controller"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/controller/deployment/util"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/util/metrics"
)
const (
// maxRetries is the number of times a deployment will be retried before it is dropped out of the queue.
// With the current rate-limiter in use (5ms*2^(maxRetries-1)) the following numbers represent the times
// a deployment is going to be requeued:
//
// 5ms, 10ms, 20ms, 40ms, 80ms, 160ms, 320ms, 640ms, 1.3s, 2.6s, 5.1s, 10.2s, 20.4s, 41s, 82s
maxRetries = 15
)
// controllerKind contains the schema.GroupVersionKind for this controller type.
var controllerKind = apps.SchemeGroupVersion.WithKind("Deployment")
// DeploymentController is responsible for synchronizing Deployment objects stored
// in the system with actual running replica sets and pods.
type DeploymentController struct {
// rsControl is used for adopting/releasing replica sets.
rsControl controller.RSControlInterface
client clientset.Interface
eventRecorder record.EventRecorder
// To allow injection of syncDeployment for testing.
syncHandler func(dKey string) error
// used for unit testing
enqueueDeployment func(deployment *apps.Deployment)
// dLister can list/get deployments from the shared informer's store
dLister appslisters.DeploymentLister
// rsLister can list/get replica sets from the shared informer's store
rsLister appslisters.ReplicaSetLister
// podLister can list/get pods from the shared informer's store
podLister corelisters.PodLister
// dListerSynced returns true if the Deployment store has been synced at least once.
// Added as a member to the struct to allow injection for testing.
dListerSynced cache.InformerSynced
// rsListerSynced returns true if the ReplicaSet store has been synced at least once.
// Added as a member to the struct to allow injection for testing.
rsListerSynced cache.InformerSynced
// podListerSynced returns true if the pod store has been synced at least once.
// Added as a member to the struct to allow injection for testing.
podListerSynced cache.InformerSynced
// Deployments that need to be synced
queue workqueue.RateLimitingInterface
}
// NewDeploymentController creates a new DeploymentController.
func NewDeploymentController(dInformer appsinformers.DeploymentInformer, rsInformer appsinformers.ReplicaSetInformer, podInformer coreinformers.PodInformer, client clientset.Interface) (*DeploymentController, error) {
eventBroadcaster := record.NewBroadcaster()
eventBroadcaster.StartLogging(klog.Infof)
eventBroadcaster.StartRecordingToSink(&v1core.EventSinkImpl{Interface: client.CoreV1().Events("")})
if client != nil && client.CoreV1().RESTClient().GetRateLimiter() != nil {
if err := metrics.RegisterMetricAndTrackRateLimiterUsage("deployment_controller", client.CoreV1().RESTClient().GetRateLimiter()); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
}
dc := &DeploymentController{
client: client,
eventRecorder: eventBroadcaster.NewRecorder(scheme.Scheme, v1.EventSource{Component: "deployment-controller"}),
queue: workqueue.NewNamedRateLimitingQueue(workqueue.DefaultControllerRateLimiter(), "deployment"),
}
dc.rsControl = controller.RealRSControl{
KubeClient: client,
Recorder: dc.eventRecorder,
}
dInformer.Informer().AddEventHandler(cache.ResourceEventHandlerFuncs{
AddFunc: dc.addDeployment,
UpdateFunc: dc.updateDeployment,
// This will enter the sync loop and no-op, because the deployment has been deleted from the store.
DeleteFunc: dc.deleteDeployment,
})
rsInformer.Informer().AddEventHandler(cache.ResourceEventHandlerFuncs{
AddFunc: dc.addReplicaSet,
UpdateFunc: dc.updateReplicaSet,
DeleteFunc: dc.deleteReplicaSet,
})
podInformer.Informer().AddEventHandler(cache.ResourceEventHandlerFuncs{
DeleteFunc: dc.deletePod,
})
dc.syncHandler = dc.syncDeployment
dc.enqueueDeployment = dc.enqueue
dc.dLister = dInformer.Lister()
dc.rsLister = rsInformer.Lister()
dc.podLister = podInformer.Lister()
dc.dListerSynced = dInformer.Informer().HasSynced
dc.rsListerSynced = rsInformer.Informer().HasSynced
dc.podListerSynced = podInformer.Informer().HasSynced
return dc, nil
}
// Run begins watching and syncing.
func (dc *DeploymentController) Run(workers int, stopCh <-chan struct{}) {
defer utilruntime.HandleCrash()
defer dc.queue.ShutDown()
klog.Infof("Starting deployment controller")
defer klog.Infof("Shutting down deployment controller")
if !controller.WaitForCacheSync("deployment", stopCh, dc.dListerSynced, dc.rsListerSynced, dc.podListerSynced) {
return
}
for i := 0; i < workers; i++ {
go wait.Until(dc.worker, time.Second, stopCh)
}
<-stopCh
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) addDeployment(obj interface{}) {
d := obj.(*apps.Deployment)
klog.V(4).Infof("Adding deployment %s", d.Name)
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) updateDeployment(old, cur interface{}) {
oldD := old.(*apps.Deployment)
curD := cur.(*apps.Deployment)
klog.V(4).Infof("Updating deployment %s", oldD.Name)
dc.enqueueDeployment(curD)
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) deleteDeployment(obj interface{}) {
d, ok := obj.(*apps.Deployment)
if !ok {
tombstone, ok := obj.(cache.DeletedFinalStateUnknown)
if !ok {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Couldn't get object from tombstone %#v", obj))
return
}
d, ok = tombstone.Obj.(*apps.Deployment)
if !ok {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Tombstone contained object that is not a Deployment %#v", obj))
return
}
}
klog.V(4).Infof("Deleting deployment %s", d.Name)
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
// addReplicaSet enqueues the deployment that manages a ReplicaSet when the ReplicaSet is created.
func (dc *DeploymentController) addReplicaSet(obj interface{}) {
rs := obj.(*apps.ReplicaSet)
if rs.DeletionTimestamp != nil {
// On a restart of the controller manager, it's possible for an object to
// show up in a state that is already pending deletion.
dc.deleteReplicaSet(rs)
return
}
// If it has a ControllerRef, that's all that matters.
if controllerRef := metav1.GetControllerOf(rs); controllerRef != nil {
d := dc.resolveControllerRef(rs.Namespace, controllerRef)
if d == nil {
return
}
klog.V(4).Infof("ReplicaSet %s added.", rs.Name)
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
return
}
// Otherwise, it's an orphan. Get a list of all matching Deployments and sync
// them to see if anyone wants to adopt it.
ds := dc.getDeploymentsForReplicaSet(rs)
if len(ds) == 0 {
return
}
klog.V(4).Infof("Orphan ReplicaSet %s added.", rs.Name)
for _, d := range ds {
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
}
// getDeploymentsForReplicaSet returns a list of Deployments that potentially
// match a ReplicaSet.
func (dc *DeploymentController) getDeploymentsForReplicaSet(rs *apps.ReplicaSet) []*apps.Deployment {
deployments, err := dc.dLister.GetDeploymentsForReplicaSet(rs)
if err != nil || len(deployments) == 0 {
return nil
}
// Because all ReplicaSet's belonging to a deployment should have a unique label key,
// there should never be more than one deployment returned by the above method.
// If that happens we should probably dynamically repair the situation by ultimately
// trying to clean up one of the controllers, for now we just return the older one
if len(deployments) > 1 {
// ControllerRef will ensure we don't do anything crazy, but more than one
// item in this list nevertheless constitutes user error.
klog.V(4).Infof("user error! more than one deployment is selecting replica set %s/%s with labels: %#v, returning %s/%s",
rs.Namespace, rs.Name, rs.Labels, deployments[0].Namespace, deployments[0].Name)
}
return deployments
}
// updateReplicaSet figures out what deployment(s) manage a ReplicaSet when the ReplicaSet
// is updated and wake them up. If the anything of the ReplicaSets have changed, we need to
// awaken both the old and new deployments. old and cur must be *apps.ReplicaSet
// types.
func (dc *DeploymentController) updateReplicaSet(old, cur interface{}) {
curRS := cur.(*apps.ReplicaSet)
oldRS := old.(*apps.ReplicaSet)
if curRS.ResourceVersion == oldRS.ResourceVersion {
// Periodic resync will send update events for all known replica sets.
// Two different versions of the same replica set will always have different RVs.
return
}
curControllerRef := metav1.GetControllerOf(curRS)
oldControllerRef := metav1.GetControllerOf(oldRS)
controllerRefChanged := !reflect.DeepEqual(curControllerRef, oldControllerRef)
if controllerRefChanged && oldControllerRef != nil {
// The ControllerRef was changed. Sync the old controller, if any.
if d := dc.resolveControllerRef(oldRS.Namespace, oldControllerRef); d != nil {
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
}
// If it has a ControllerRef, that's all that matters.
if curControllerRef != nil {
d := dc.resolveControllerRef(curRS.Namespace, curControllerRef)
if d == nil {
return
}
klog.V(4).Infof("ReplicaSet %s updated.", curRS.Name)
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
return
}
// Otherwise, it's an orphan. If anything changed, sync matching controllers
// to see if anyone wants to adopt it now.
labelChanged := !reflect.DeepEqual(curRS.Labels, oldRS.Labels)
if labelChanged || controllerRefChanged {
ds := dc.getDeploymentsForReplicaSet(curRS)
if len(ds) == 0 {
return
}
klog.V(4).Infof("Orphan ReplicaSet %s updated.", curRS.Name)
for _, d := range ds {
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
}
}
// deleteReplicaSet enqueues the deployment that manages a ReplicaSet when
// the ReplicaSet is deleted. obj could be an *apps.ReplicaSet, or
// a DeletionFinalStateUnknown marker item.
func (dc *DeploymentController) deleteReplicaSet(obj interface{}) {
rs, ok := obj.(*apps.ReplicaSet)
// When a delete is dropped, the relist will notice a pod in the store not
// in the list, leading to the insertion of a tombstone object which contains
// the deleted key/value. Note that this value might be stale. If the ReplicaSet
// changed labels the new deployment will not be woken up till the periodic resync.
if !ok {
tombstone, ok := obj.(cache.DeletedFinalStateUnknown)
if !ok {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Couldn't get object from tombstone %#v", obj))
return
}
rs, ok = tombstone.Obj.(*apps.ReplicaSet)
if !ok {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Tombstone contained object that is not a ReplicaSet %#v", obj))
return
}
}
controllerRef := metav1.GetControllerOf(rs)
if controllerRef == nil {
// No controller should care about orphans being deleted.
return
}
d := dc.resolveControllerRef(rs.Namespace, controllerRef)
if d == nil {
return
}
klog.V(4).Infof("ReplicaSet %s deleted.", rs.Name)
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
// deletePod will enqueue a Recreate Deployment once all of its pods have stopped running.
func (dc *DeploymentController) deletePod(obj interface{}) {
pod, ok := obj.(*v1.Pod)
// When a delete is dropped, the relist will notice a pod in the store not
// in the list, leading to the insertion of a tombstone object which contains
// the deleted key/value. Note that this value might be stale. If the Pod
// changed labels the new deployment will not be woken up till the periodic resync.
if !ok {
tombstone, ok := obj.(cache.DeletedFinalStateUnknown)
if !ok {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Couldn't get object from tombstone %#v", obj))
return
}
pod, ok = tombstone.Obj.(*v1.Pod)
if !ok {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Tombstone contained object that is not a pod %#v", obj))
return
}
}
klog.V(4).Infof("Pod %s deleted.", pod.Name)
if d := dc.getDeploymentForPod(pod); d != nil && d.Spec.Strategy.Type == apps.RecreateDeploymentStrategyType {
// Sync if this Deployment now has no more Pods.
rsList, err := util.ListReplicaSets(d, util.RsListFromClient(dc.client.AppsV1()))
if err != nil {
return
}
podMap, err := dc.getPodMapForDeployment(d, rsList)
if err != nil {
return
}
numPods := 0
for _, podList := range podMap {
numPods += len(podList.Items)
}
if numPods == 0 {
dc.enqueueDeployment(d)
}
}
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) enqueue(deployment *apps.Deployment) {
key, err := controller.KeyFunc(deployment)
if err != nil {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Couldn't get key for object %#v: %v", deployment, err))
return
}
dc.queue.Add(key)
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) enqueueRateLimited(deployment *apps.Deployment) {
key, err := controller.KeyFunc(deployment)
if err != nil {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Couldn't get key for object %#v: %v", deployment, err))
return
}
dc.queue.AddRateLimited(key)
}
// enqueueAfter will enqueue a deployment after the provided amount of time.
func (dc *DeploymentController) enqueueAfter(deployment *apps.Deployment, after time.Duration) {
key, err := controller.KeyFunc(deployment)
if err != nil {
utilruntime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("Couldn't get key for object %#v: %v", deployment, err))
return
}
dc.queue.AddAfter(key, after)
}
// getDeploymentForPod returns the deployment managing the given Pod.
func (dc *DeploymentController) getDeploymentForPod(pod *v1.Pod) *apps.Deployment {
// Find the owning replica set
var rs *apps.ReplicaSet
var err error
controllerRef := metav1.GetControllerOf(pod)
if controllerRef == nil {
// No controller owns this Pod.
return nil
}
if controllerRef.Kind != apps.SchemeGroupVersion.WithKind("ReplicaSet").Kind {
// Not a pod owned by a replica set.
return nil
}
rs, err = dc.rsLister.ReplicaSets(pod.Namespace).Get(controllerRef.Name)
if err != nil || rs.UID != controllerRef.UID {
klog.V(4).Infof("Cannot get replicaset %q for pod %q: %v", controllerRef.Name, pod.Name, err)
return nil
}
// Now find the Deployment that owns that ReplicaSet.
controllerRef = metav1.GetControllerOf(rs)
if controllerRef == nil {
return nil
}
return dc.resolveControllerRef(rs.Namespace, controllerRef)
}
// resolveControllerRef returns the controller referenced by a ControllerRef,
// or nil if the ControllerRef could not be resolved to a matching controller
// of the correct Kind.
func (dc *DeploymentController) resolveControllerRef(namespace string, controllerRef *metav1.OwnerReference) *apps.Deployment {
// We can't look up by UID, so look up by Name and then verify UID.
// Don't even try to look up by Name if it's the wrong Kind.
if controllerRef.Kind != controllerKind.Kind {
return nil
}
d, err := dc.dLister.Deployments(namespace).Get(controllerRef.Name)
if err != nil {
return nil
}
if d.UID != controllerRef.UID {
// The controller we found with this Name is not the same one that the
// ControllerRef points to.
return nil
}
return d
}
// worker runs a worker thread that just dequeues items, processes them, and marks them done.
// It enforces that the syncHandler is never invoked concurrently with the same key.
func (dc *DeploymentController) worker() {
for dc.processNextWorkItem() {
}
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) processNextWorkItem() bool {
key, quit := dc.queue.Get()
if quit {
return false
}
defer dc.queue.Done(key)
err := dc.syncHandler(key.(string))
dc.handleErr(err, key)
return true
}
func (dc *DeploymentController) handleErr(err error, key interface{}) {
if err == nil {
dc.queue.Forget(key)
return
}
if dc.queue.NumRequeues(key) < maxRetries {
klog.V(2).Infof("Error syncing deployment %v: %v", key, err)
dc.queue.AddRateLimited(key)
return
}
utilruntime.HandleError(err)
klog.V(2).Infof("Dropping deployment %q out of the queue: %v", key, err)
dc.queue.Forget(key)
}
// getReplicaSetsForDeployment uses ControllerRefManager to reconcile
// ControllerRef by adopting and orphaning.
// It returns the list of ReplicaSets that this Deployment should manage.
func (dc *DeploymentController) getReplicaSetsForDeployment(d *apps.Deployment) ([]*apps.ReplicaSet, error) {
// List all ReplicaSets to find those we own but that no longer match our
// selector. They will be orphaned by ClaimReplicaSets().
rsList, err := dc.rsLister.ReplicaSets(d.Namespace).List(labels.Everything())
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
deploymentSelector, err := metav1.LabelSelectorAsSelector(d.Spec.Selector)
if err != nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("deployment %s/%s has invalid label selector: %v", d.Namespace, d.Name, err)
}
// If any adoptions are attempted, we should first recheck for deletion with
// an uncached quorum read sometime after listing ReplicaSets (see #42639).
canAdoptFunc := controller.RecheckDeletionTimestamp(func() (metav1.Object, error) {
fresh, err := dc.client.AppsV1().Deployments(d.Namespace).Get(d.Name, metav1.GetOptions{})
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
if fresh.UID != d.UID {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("original Deployment %v/%v is gone: got uid %v, wanted %v", d.Namespace, d.Name, fresh.UID, d.UID)
}
return fresh, nil
})
cm := controller.NewReplicaSetControllerRefManager(dc.rsControl, d, deploymentSelector, controllerKind, canAdoptFunc)
return cm.ClaimReplicaSets(rsList)
}
// getPodMapForDeployment returns the Pods managed by a Deployment.
//
// It returns a map from ReplicaSet UID to a list of Pods controlled by that RS,
// according to the Pod's ControllerRef.
func (dc *DeploymentController) getPodMapForDeployment(d *apps.Deployment, rsList []*apps.ReplicaSet) (map[types.UID]*v1.PodList, error) {
// Get all Pods that potentially belong to this Deployment.
selector, err := metav1.LabelSelectorAsSelector(d.Spec.Selector)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
pods, err := dc.podLister.Pods(d.Namespace).List(selector)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
// Group Pods by their controller (if it's in rsList).
podMap := make(map[types.UID]*v1.PodList, len(rsList))
for _, rs := range rsList {
podMap[rs.UID] = &v1.PodList{}
}
for _, pod := range pods {
// Do not ignore inactive Pods because Recreate Deployments need to verify that no
// Pods from older versions are running before spinning up new Pods.
controllerRef := metav1.GetControllerOf(pod)
if controllerRef == nil {
continue
}
// Only append if we care about this UID.
if podList, ok := podMap[controllerRef.UID]; ok {
podList.Items = append(podList.Items, *pod)
}
}
return podMap, nil
}
// syncDeployment will sync the deployment with the given key.
// This function is not meant to be invoked concurrently with the same key.
func (dc *DeploymentController) syncDeployment(key string) error {
startTime := time.Now()
klog.V(4).Infof("Started syncing deployment %q (%v)", key, startTime)
defer func() {
klog.V(4).Infof("Finished syncing deployment %q (%v)", key, time.Since(startTime))
}()
namespace, name, err := cache.SplitMetaNamespaceKey(key)
if err != nil {
return err
}
deployment, err := dc.dLister.Deployments(namespace).Get(name)
if errors.IsNotFound(err) {
klog.V(2).Infof("Deployment %v has been deleted", key)
return nil
}
if err != nil {
return err
}
// Deep-copy otherwise we are mutating our cache.
// TODO: Deep-copy only when needed.
d := deployment.DeepCopy()
everything := metav1.LabelSelector{}
if reflect.DeepEqual(d.Spec.Selector, &everything) {
dc.eventRecorder.Eventf(d, v1.EventTypeWarning, "SelectingAll", "This deployment is selecting all pods. A non-empty selector is required.")
if d.Status.ObservedGeneration < d.Generation {
d.Status.ObservedGeneration = d.Generation
dc.client.AppsV1().Deployments(d.Namespace).UpdateStatus(d)
}
return nil
}
// List ReplicaSets owned by this Deployment, while reconciling ControllerRef
// through adoption/orphaning.
rsList, err := dc.getReplicaSetsForDeployment(d)
if err != nil {
return err
}
// List all Pods owned by this Deployment, grouped by their ReplicaSet.
// Current uses of the podMap are:
//
// * check if a Pod is labeled correctly with the pod-template-hash label.
// * check that no old Pods are running in the middle of Recreate Deployments.
podMap, err := dc.getPodMapForDeployment(d, rsList)
if err != nil {
return err
}
if d.DeletionTimestamp != nil {
return dc.syncStatusOnly(d, rsList)
}
// Update deployment conditions with an Unknown condition when pausing/resuming
// a deployment. In this way, we can be sure that we won't timeout when a user
// resumes a Deployment with a set progressDeadlineSeconds.
if err = dc.checkPausedConditions(d); err != nil {
return err
}
if d.Spec.Paused {
return dc.sync(d, rsList)
}
// rollback is not re-entrant in case the underlying replica sets are updated with a new
// revision so we should ensure that we won't proceed to update replica sets until we
// make sure that the deployment has cleaned up its rollback spec in subsequent enqueues.
if getRollbackTo(d) != nil {
return dc.rollback(d, rsList)
}
scalingEvent, err := dc.isScalingEvent(d, rsList)
if err != nil {
return err
}
if scalingEvent {
return dc.sync(d, rsList)
}
switch d.Spec.Strategy.Type {
case apps.RecreateDeploymentStrategyType:
return dc.rolloutRecreate(d, rsList, podMap)
case apps.RollingUpdateDeploymentStrategyType:
return dc.rolloutRolling(d, rsList)
}
return fmt.Errorf("unexpected deployment strategy type: %s", d.Spec.Strategy.Type)
}
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