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KumuluzEE Logs

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Lightweight open-source microservice logging framework for the KumuluzEE framework

KumuluzEE Logs is a lightweight open-source logging framework specifically designed for logging microservices.

It provides easy and efficient logging of common log events, such as logging method entries and exits, logging external resource invocations and other events. It also provides automated logging of parameters and performance metrics.

KumuluzEE Logs has been designed to simplify logging for the developer. It introduces a @Log annotation, which can be used on a class or on a method to enable legging the method entry, parameters, method exit and optionally include performance metrics.

In addition, KumuluzEE Logs also support logging with explicit commands. It provides logging methods for the developer, which can be used in the code directly.

KumuluzEE Logs acts as a façade and provides a simple, common interface with the objective to abstract the underlying logging framework. This makes the logging process easier for the developer, standardizes how the logging is performed, and makes the code independent of the underlying logging framework.

KumuluzEE Logs is designed to support different logging frameworks. Currently, KumuluzEE Logs provides support for Log4J2, java.util.logging (JUL) and Fluentd. In the future, other logging frameworks will be supported too (contributions are welcome).

To address the needs specific to logging microservices, KumuluzEE Logs can be easily configured to collect distributed logs into a centralized log management system, such as Elastic Stack, Graylog, Splunk, etc. Furthermore, KumuluzEE Logs provides support for Apache Kafka and other approaches.

Usage

KumuluzEE defines interfaces for common logging features. Therefore, to use the logging you need to include a dependency to implementation library. Currently, Log4j2, JUL and Fluentd are supported. Log4j2 is more appropriate for complex and enterprise grade logging scenarios, while JUL is adequate for simpler logging. Fluentd enables you to unify data collection and consumption for a better use and understanding of data.

To use KumuluzEE Logs with Log4j2, use the following dependency:

<dependency>
   <artifactId>kumuluzee-logs-log4j2</artifactId>
   <groupId>com.kumuluz.ee.logs</groupId>
   <version>${kumuluzee-logs.version}</version>
</dependency>

To use KumuluzEE Logs with JUL, use the following dependency:

<dependency>
   <artifactId>kumuluzee-logs-jul</artifactId>
   <groupId>com.kumuluz.ee.logs</groupId>
   <version>${kumuluzee-logs.version}</version>
</dependency>

To use KumuluzEE Logs with Fluentd, use the following dependency:

<dependency>
   <artifactId>kumuluzee-logs-fluentd</artifactId>
   <groupId>com.kumuluz.ee.logs</groupId>
   <version>${kumuluzee-logs.version}</version>
</dependency>

You can use one dependency only. You cannot use both dependencies at the same time.

Developer Logging

To use the developer logging functionality get a new Logger instance by using LogManager:

private static final Logger LOG = LogManager.getLogger(CustomerResourceSample.class.getName());

Logger defines multiple overloaded methods for each logging level (error, warning, info, debug, trace), for example:

LOG.trace("Trace log with String only");
LOG.info("Info log with parameter: {}", someVariable);
LOG.error("Error with exception log", exception);
LOG.error(exception); //exception only

Common Logging

Additional common logging is available through LogCommons interface, method entry and method exit logging can be used by using @Log annotation used at class level or method level or by invoking the methods manually. Resource logging can be used only by manual method invocation.

Example for using @Log at Class level:

@Log
public class SomeClass {
    //Implementation
}

You can define additional attributes in @Log annotation for monitoring method execution duration and disabling method invocation details. Observe three different possibilities for configuring method entry and exit logging:

@Log
@Log(LogParams.METRICS)
@Log(value = LogParams.METRICS, methodCall = false)

JAX-RS method entry and exit Logging

Additional common logging is available through LogCommons interface, method entry and method exit logging can be used by using @Log annotation used at class level or method level or by invoking the methods manually. Resource logging can be used only by manual method invocation.

Example for using @Log at Class level:

@Path("customers")
@Log
public class CustomerResource {
    //Implementation
}

You can define additional attributes in @Log annotation for monitoring method execution duration and disabling method invocation details. Observe three different possibilities for configuring method entry and exit logging:

@Log
@Log(LogParams.METRICS)
@Log(value = LogParams.METRICS, methodCall = false)

Notice regarding JAX-RS Exception mappers

If you use javax.ws.rs.ext.ExceptionMapper to map exceptions to error responses, @Log won't log the method exit when exception is thrown because it is an interceptor and the method exit never happens. If you want to be absolutely sure to log every single API resource entry and exit, use javax.servlet.Filter or javax.ws.rs.container.ContainerResponseFilter in addition to or instead of @Log.

Resource invocation logging

Additional functionality of LogCommons implementation is the ability to log and monitor invocations of external resources, for example databases and services. Resource monitoring allows you to log resource parameters and performance metrics. This functionality is available only through manual invocation of LogCommons methods.

Sample code of resource invocation monitoring:

LogResourceContext context = logCommons.logResourceStart(
    LogLevel.TRACE,
    Marker.DATABASE,
    new LogResourceMessage().enableInvoke(invokeMessage).enableMetrics());

//...Read resource by id

logCommons.logResourceEnd(context);

In the sample above, we invoke logResourceStart method, with parameters:

  • LogLevel, which specifies different log levels (TRACE, ERROR, DEBUG...).
  • Marker, which is an enum, implementing interface com.kumuluz.ee.logs.markers.Marker. You should implement Markers according to your needs.
  • New LogResourceMessage instance, where we set the invocation message (see below) and enable metrics monitoring.

logResourceStart method returns LogResourceContext instance, which passes relavant information for logging end of resource invocation.

InvokeMessage variable is an instsance of com.kumuluz.ee.logs.messages.ResourceInvokeLogMessage interface and therefore must implement a method which returns a Map (Map<String, String>) of parameters. For example, the sample of InvocationMessage could be used to populate the Map the in the following way:

InvocationMessage invokeMessage = new InvocationMessage("Invocation of database resource").
    addName("User").addParameter("id", id);

Logging audit information

Audit is an investigation of an existing system usage and is used to determine trace of system access. It provides evidence if the information systems are safeguarding assets. Audit log is different from system log in a way to provide structured and higher level of information needed to effectively process audit information.

Usage

Add audit logs dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.kumuluz.ee.logs</groupId>
    <artifactId>kumuluzee-logs-audit</artifactId>
</dependency>

Register AuditLogFilter as JAX-RS component.

@Override
public Set<Class<?>> getClasses() {
    Set<Class<?>> classes = new HashSet<>();
    classes.add(AuditLogFilter.class);
    ...
    return classes;
}

Auto audit log based on HTTP request properties

Due to reduce effort on adding / maintaining annotations Kumuluz Audit generates audit log automatically on all REST resources annotated with @Path.

  • audit-action comes from HTTP method and produces values: READ, CREATE, UPDATE, DELETE
  • audit-object-type comes from Resource @Path value annotation
  • audit-object-id comes from URI or from Location response header for POST requests

Audit log can be overridden with audit annotations, placed on REST resource class or method.

Audit log with annotations

LogAudit annotations can be added to classes or methods. Action name defaults to method name if not specified explicitly in action parameter. AuditObjectParam marks method parameter value to be included in audit log.

@PUT
@LogAudit(name = "user", properties = {
    @AuditProperty(property = "action", value = "UPDATE")
})
@Path("/{id}")
public Response updateUser(@AuditObjectParam("id") @PathParam("id") UUID id, @ApiParam(name = "item", required = true) User user) {
    //...
}

Audit log API

AuditLogger can be injected into managed CDI bean. Actions or entity changes can be logged with log API.

public class UserResource {

    @Inject
    private AuditLog auditLog;
    
    public void createUser(Object obj) {
        //...
        auditLog.log("user", DataAuditAction.CREATE, id, new AuditProperty("customProp", "customValue"));
    }
}

Audit log configuration

Audit log is disabled by default when added as dependency. Audit configuration can be provided at startup or runtime:

kumuluzee:
  logs:
    audit:
      enable: true #false by default
      class: com.example.CustomAuditLogger #default is com.kumuluz.ee.logs.audit.loggers.KumuluzAuditLogger

KumuluzEE declares Audit API (available as injection or annotation) and comes with predefined KumuluzAuditLogger implementation which logs audit lines at INFO level to configured Log implementation (Log4j, JUL, Fluentd...). KumuluzAuditLogger implementation logs audit as com.kumuluz.ee.logs.audit.loggers.AuditLogger category.

KumuluzEE gives you option to provide custom implementation of com.kumuluz.ee.logs.audit.loggers.AuditLogger via configuration property kumuluzee.logs.audit.class.

Configuring KumuluzEE Logs with KumuluzEE Config

KumuluzEE Logs use the KumuluzEE Config framework to provide configuration of the logging framework. The following options are available:

  • Loggers with names and levels
  • Config file content
  • Config file location

Configuration can be provided at startup or runtime. For runtime configuration, you have to use the KumuluzEE Config project for config servers (etcd or Consul).

Loggers

Logger levels can be configured individually using the kumuluzee.logs.loggers config property:

kumuluzee:
  logs:
    loggers:
      - name: com.kumuluz.ee.samples.kumuluzee_logs.CustomerResource
        level: TRACE
      - name: ''
        level: INFO

The root logger can be referenced by providing an empty string ('') or a combination of whitespaces (useful for Consul), which will be trimmed to an empty string.

Config file content

Instead of using the config file in the file system, which might be inappropriate for microservices, the content of the config file can be provided within the kumuluzee.logs.config-file config property, as shown below for Log4j2. You can provide config properties for JUL in the same way.

kumuluzee:
  logs:
    config-file: '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
                  <Configuration name="customers">
                      <Appenders>
                          <Console name="console" target="SYSTEM_OUT">
                              <PatternLayout pattern="%d %p %marker %m %X %ex %n"/>
                          </Console>
                      </Appenders>
                      <Loggers>                 
                          <!-- Default logger -->
                          <Root level="info">
                              <AppenderRef ref="console"/>
                          </Root>
                      </Loggers>
                  </Configuration>'

Config file location

If you prefer to use the config file in the file system, you can specify the config file location using the kumuluzee.logs.config-file-location config property:

kumuluzee:
  logs:
    config-file-location: /home/kumuluz/kumuluzee-samples/kumuluzee-logs-log4j2/src/main/resources/log4j2.xml

At startup, if both kumuluzee.logs.config-file and kumuluzee.logs.config-file-location are provided the kumuluzee.logs.config-file will have priority. When configuring with Consul this is not the the case since the last sent value will have priority.

Config file for Log4j2

The configuration for the Log4j2 library must be available for the application to load it. Please refer to Log4j2 documentation for rules regarding how the configuration is loaded. Configuration should be in the file named log4j2.xml, which is located by default in src/main/resources:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Configuration name="config-name">
    <Appenders>
        <Console name="console" target="SYSTEM_OUT">
            <PatternLayout pattern="%d %p %marker %m %X %ex %n"/>
        </Console>
    </Appenders>
    <Loggers>
        <Root level="info">
            <AppenderRef ref="console"/>
        </Root>
    </Loggers>
</Configuration>

Config file for JUL

The configuration for JUL library will be loaded from the JRE logging.properties file. You can however provide your own logging.properties configuration file and enabling it by providing -Djava.util.logging.config.file system property. Sample configuration, which should be in a file named logging.properties and located in src/main/resources:

# Default global logging level
.level=FINER

# ConsoleHandler definition
handlers=java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler

# ConsoleHandler configuration settings
java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler.level=FINER
java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler.formatter=java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter

Config file for Fluentd

The configuration for Fluentd is loaded from the config.yaml configuration file or other specified configuration source. Configuration for Fluentd daemon is configured through the daemon configuration file. Each log message is automatically enriched with the contextual data, if the following configuration values are set: kumuluzee .name, kumuluzee.env.name and kumuluzee.version. Sample configuration:

kumuluzee:
  name: fluentd-sample
  env:
    name: dev
  version: 1.0.0
  logs:
    fluentd:
      hostname: localhost
      port: 24224

We also recommend checking the kumuluzee-logs-fluentd-sample.

Changelog

Recent changes can be viewed on Github on the Releases Page

Contribute

See the contributing docs

When submitting an issue, please follow the guidelines.

When submitting a bugfix, write a test that exposes the bug and fails before applying your fix. Submit the test alongside the fix.

When submitting a new feature, add tests that cover the feature.

License

MIT

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