Simple key-value storage with support for multiple backends
Latest commit de2e7a2 Aug 21, 2018

README.md

keyv

Simple key-value storage with support for multiple backends

Build Status Coverage Status npm npm

Keyv provides a consistent interface for key-value storage across multiple backends via storage adapters. It supports TTL based expiry, making it suitable as a cache or a persistent key-value store.

Features

There are a few existing modules similar to Keyv, however Keyv is different because it:

  • Isn't bloated
  • Has a simple Promise based API
  • Suitable as a TTL based cache or persistent key-value store
  • Easily embeddable inside another module
  • Works with any storage that implements the Map API
  • Handles all JSON types plus Buffer
  • Supports namespaces
  • Wide range of efficient, well tested storage adapters
  • Connection errors are passed through (db failures won't kill your app)
  • Supports the current active LTS version of Node.js or higher

Usage

Install Keyv.

npm install --save keyv

By default everything is stored in memory, you can optionally also install a storage adapter.

npm install --save @keyv/redis
npm install --save @keyv/mongo
npm install --save @keyv/sqlite
npm install --save @keyv/postgres
npm install --save @keyv/mysql

Create a new Keyv instance, passing your connection string if applicable. Keyv will automatically load the correct storage adapter.

const Keyv = require('keyv');

// One of the following
const keyv = new Keyv();
const keyv = new Keyv('redis://user:pass@localhost:6379');
const keyv = new Keyv('mongodb://user:pass@localhost:27017/dbname');
const keyv = new Keyv('sqlite://path/to/database.sqlite');
const keyv = new Keyv('postgresql://user:pass@localhost:5432/dbname');
const keyv = new Keyv('mysql://user:pass@localhost:3306/dbname');

// Handle DB connection errors
keyv.on('error', err => console.log('Connection Error', err));

await keyv.set('foo', 'expires in 1 second', 1000); // true
await keyv.set('foo', 'never expires'); // true
await keyv.get('foo'); // 'never expires'
await keyv.delete('foo'); // true
await keyv.clear(); // undefined

Namespaces

You can namespace your Keyv instance to avoid key collisions and allow you to clear only a certain namespace while using the same database.

const users = new Keyv('redis://user:pass@localhost:6379', { namespace: 'users' });
const cache = new Keyv('redis://user:pass@localhost:6379', { namespace: 'cache' });

await users.set('foo', 'users'); // true
await cache.set('foo', 'cache'); // true
await users.get('foo'); // 'users'
await cache.get('foo'); // 'cache'
await users.clear(); // undefined
await users.get('foo'); // undefined
await cache.get('foo'); // 'cache'

Custom Serializers

Keyv uses json-buffer for data serialization to ensure consistency across different backends.

You can optionally provide your own serialization functions to support extra data types or to serialize to something other than JSON.

const keyv = new Keyv({ serialize: JSON.stringify, deserialize: JSON.parse });

Warning: Using custom serializers means you lose any guarantee of data consistency. You should do extensive testing with your serialisation functions and chosen storage engine.

Official Storage Adapters

The official storage adapters are covered by over 150 integration tests to guarantee consistent behaviour. They are lightweight, efficient wrappers over the DB clients making use of indexes and native TTLs where available.

Database Adapter Native TTL Status
Redis @keyv/redis Yes Build Status Coverage Status
MongoDB @keyv/mongo Yes Build Status Coverage Status
SQLite @keyv/sqlite No Build Status Coverage Status
PostgreSQL @keyv/postgres No Build Status Coverage Status
MySQL @keyv/mysql No Build Status Coverage Status

Third-party Storage Adapters

You can also use third-party storage adapters or build your own. Keyv will wrap these storage adapters in TTL functionality and handle complex types internally.

const Keyv = require('keyv');
const myAdapter = require('./my-storage-adapter');

const keyv = new Keyv({ store: myAdapter });

Any store that follows the Map api will work.

new Keyv({ store: new Map() });

For example, quick-lru is a completely unrelated module that implements the Map API.

const Keyv = require('keyv');
const QuickLRU = require('quick-lru');

const lru = new QuickLRU({ maxSize: 1000 });
const keyv = new Keyv({ store: lru });

The following are third-party storage adapters compatible with Keyv:

Add Cache Support to your Module

Keyv is designed to be easily embedded into other modules to add cache support. The recommended pattern is to expose a cache option in your modules options which is passed through to Keyv. Caching will work in memory by default and users have the option to also install a Keyv storage adapter and pass in a connection string, or any other storage that implements the Map API.

You should also set a namespace for your module so you can safely call .clear() without clearing unrelated app data.

Inside your module:

class AwesomeModule {
	constructor(opts) {
		this.cache = new Keyv({
			uri: typeof opts.cache === 'string' && opts.cache,
			store: typeof opts.cache !== 'string' && opts.cache,
			namespace: 'awesome-module'
		});
	}
}

Now it can be consumed like this:

const AwesomeModule = require('awesome-module');

// Caches stuff in memory by default
const awesomeModule = new AwesomeModule();

// After npm install --save keyv-redis
const awesomeModule = new AwesomeModule({ cache: 'redis://localhost' });

// Some third-party module that implements the Map API
const awesomeModule = new AwesomeModule({ cache: some3rdPartyStore });

API

new Keyv([uri], [options])

Returns a new Keyv instance.

The Keyv instance is also an EventEmitter that will emit an 'error' event if the storage adapter connection fails.

uri

Type: String
Default: undefined

The connection string URI.

Merged into the options object as options.uri.

options

Type: Object

The options object is also passed through to the storage adapter. Check your storage adapter docs for any extra options.

options.namespace

Type: String
Default: 'keyv'

Namespace for the current instance.

options.ttl

Type: Number
Default: undefined

Default TTL. Can be overridden by specififying a TTL on .set().

options.serialize

Type: Function
Default: JSONB.stringify

A custom serialization function.

options.deserialize

Type: Function
Default: JSONB.parse

A custom deserialization function.

options.store

Type: Storage adapter instance
Default: new Map()

The storage adapter instance to be used by Keyv.

options.adapter

Type: String
Default: undefined

Specify an adapter to use. e.g 'redis' or 'mongodb'.

Instance

Keys must always be strings. Values can be of any type.

.set(key, value, [ttl])

Set a value.

By default keys are persistent. You can set an expiry TTL in milliseconds.

Returns true.

.get(key)

Returns the value.

.delete(key)

Deletes an entry.

Returns true if the key existed, false if not.

.clear()

Delete all entries in the current namespace.

Returns undefined.

License

MIT © Luke Childs