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Git installation
Normally you can just do "make" followed by "make install", and that
will install the git programs in your own ~/bin/ directory. If you want
to do a global install, you can do
$ make prefix=/usr all doc info ;# as yourself
# make prefix=/usr install install-doc install-html install-info ;# as root
(or prefix=/usr/local, of course). Just like any program suite
that uses $prefix, the built results have some paths encoded,
which are derived from $prefix, so "make all; make prefix=/usr
install" would not work.
Alternatively you can use autoconf generated ./configure script to
set up install paths (via config.mak.autogen), so you can write instead
$ make configure ;# as yourself
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr ;# as yourself
$ make all doc ;# as yourself
# make install install-doc install-html;# as root
Issues of note:
- Ancient versions of GNU Interactive Tools (pre-4.9.2) installed a
program "git", whose name conflicts with this program. But with
version 4.9.2, after long hiatus without active maintenance (since
around 1997), it changed its name to gnuit and the name conflict is no
longer a problem.
NOTE: When compiled with backward compatibility option, the GNU
Interactive Tools package still can install "git", but you can build it
with --disable-transition option to avoid this.
- You can use git after building but without installing if you
wanted to. Various git commands need to find other git
commands and scripts to do their work, so you would need to
arrange a few environment variables to tell them that their
friends will be found in your built source area instead of at
their standard installation area. Something like this works
for me:
GIT_EXEC_PATH=`pwd`
PATH=`pwd`:$PATH
GITPERLLIB=`pwd`/perl/blib/lib
export GIT_EXEC_PATH PATH GITPERLLIB
- Git is reasonably self-sufficient, but does depend on a few external
programs and libraries:
- "zlib", the compression library. Git won't build without it.
- "openssl". Unless you specify otherwise, you'll get the SHA1
library from here.
If you don't have openssl, you can use one of the SHA1 libraries
that come with git (git includes the one from Mozilla, and has
its own PowerPC and ARM optimized ones too - see the Makefile).
- libcurl library; git-http-fetch and git-fetch use them. You
might also want the "curl" executable for debugging purposes.
If you do not use http transfer, you are probably OK if you
do not have them.
- expat library; git-http-push uses it for remote lock
management over DAV. Similar to "curl" above, this is optional.
- "wish", the Tcl/Tk windowing shell is used in gitk to show the
history graphically, and in git-gui.
- "ssh" is used to push and pull over the net
- "perl" and POSIX-compliant shells are needed to use most of
the bare-bones Porcelainish scripts.
- Some platform specific issues are dealt with Makefile rules,
but depending on your specific installation, you may not
have all the libraries/tools needed, or you may have
necessary libraries at unusual locations. Please look at the
top of the Makefile to see what can be adjusted for your needs.
You can place local settings in config.mak and the Makefile
will include them. Note that config.mak is not distributed;
the name is reserved for local settings.
- To build and install documentation suite, you need to have
the asciidoc/xmlto toolchain. Because not many people are
inclined to install the tools, the default build target
("make all") does _not_ build them.
"make doc" builds documentation in man and html formats; there are
also "make man", "make html" and "make info". Note that "make html"
requires asciidoc, but not xmlto. "make man" (and thus make doc)
requires both.
"make install-doc" installs documentation in man format only; there
are also "make install-man", "make install-html" and "make
install-info".
Building and installing the info file additionally requires
makeinfo and docbook2X. Version 0.8.3 is known to work.
The documentation is written for AsciiDoc 7, but "make
ASCIIDOC8=YesPlease doc" will let you format with AsciiDoc 8.
Alternatively, pre-formatted documentation is available in
"html" and "man" branches of the git repository itself. For
example, you could:
$ mkdir manual && cd manual
$ git init
$ git fetch-pack git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git man html |
while read a b
do
echo $a >.git/$b
done
$ cp .git/refs/heads/man .git/refs/heads/master
$ git checkout
to checkout the pre-built man pages. Also in this repository:
$ git checkout html
would instead give you a copy of what you see at:
http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/
There are also "make quick-install-doc" and "make quick-install-html"
which install preformatted man pages and html documentation.
This does not require asciidoc/xmlto, but it only works from within
a cloned checkout of git.git with these two extra branches, and will
not work for the maintainer for obvious chicken-and-egg reasons.
It has been reported that docbook-xsl version 1.72 and 1.73 are
buggy; 1.72 misformats manual pages for callouts, and 1.73 needs
the patch in contrib/patches/docbook-xsl-manpages-charmap.patch
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