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# Copyright 2009-2015 MongoDB, Inc.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you
# may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You
# may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or
# implied. See the License for the specific language governing
# permissions and limitations under the License.
"""Tools for connecting to MongoDB.
.. seealso:: :doc:`/examples/high_availability` for examples of connecting
to replica sets or sets of mongos servers.
To get a :class:`~pymongo.database.Database` instance from a
:class:`MongoClient` use either dictionary-style or attribute-style
access:
.. doctest::
>>> from pymongo import MongoClient
>>> c = MongoClient()
>>> c.test_database
Database(MongoClient(host=['localhost:27017'], document_class=dict, tz_aware=False, connect=True), u'test_database')
>>> c['test-database']
Database(MongoClient(host=['localhost:27017'], document_class=dict, tz_aware=False, connect=True), u'test-database')
"""
import contextlib
import datetime
import threading
import warnings
import weakref
from collections import defaultdict
from bson.codec_options import DEFAULT_CODEC_OPTIONS
from bson.py3compat import (integer_types,
string_type)
from bson.son import SON
from pymongo import (common,
database,
helpers,
message,
periodic_executor,
uri_parser)
from pymongo.client_options import ClientOptions
from pymongo.cursor_manager import CursorManager
from pymongo.errors import (AutoReconnect,
ConfigurationError,
ConnectionFailure,
InvalidOperation,
InvalidURI,
NetworkTimeout,
NotMasterError,
OperationFailure)
from pymongo.read_preferences import ReadPreference
from pymongo.server_selectors import (writable_preferred_server_selector,
writable_server_selector)
from pymongo.server_type import SERVER_TYPE
from pymongo.topology import Topology
from pymongo.topology_description import TOPOLOGY_TYPE
from pymongo.settings import TopologySettings
from pymongo.write_concern import WriteConcern
class MongoClient(common.BaseObject):
HOST = "localhost"
PORT = 27017
# Define order to retrieve options from ClientOptions for __repr__.
# No host/port; these are retrieved from TopologySettings.
_constructor_args = ('document_class', 'tz_aware', 'connect')
def __init__(
self,
host=None,
port=None,
document_class=dict,
tz_aware=None,
connect=None,
**kwargs):
"""Client for a MongoDB instance, a replica set, or a set of mongoses.
The client object is thread-safe and has connection-pooling built in.
If an operation fails because of a network error,
:class:`~pymongo.errors.ConnectionFailure` is raised and the client
reconnects in the background. Application code should handle this
exception (recognizing that the operation failed) and then continue to
execute.
The `host` parameter can be a full `mongodb URI
<http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/connections>`_, in addition to
a simple hostname. It can also be a list of hostnames or
URIs. Any port specified in the host string(s) will override
the `port` parameter. If multiple mongodb URIs containing
database or auth information are passed, the last database,
username, and password present will be used. For username and
passwords reserved characters like ':', '/', '+' and '@' must be
percent encoded following RFC 2396::
try:
# Python 3.x
from urllib.parse import quote_plus
except ImportError:
# Python 2.x
from urllib import quote_plus
uri = "mongodb://%s:%s@%s" % (
quote_plus(user), quote_plus(password), host)
client = MongoClient(uri)
Unix domain sockets are also supported. The socket path must be percent
encoded in the URI::
uri = "mongodb://%s:%s@%s" % (
quote_plus(user), quote_plus(password), quote_plus(socket_path))
client = MongoClient(uri)
But not when passed as a simple hostname::
client = MongoClient('/tmp/mongodb-27017.sock')
.. note:: Starting with version 3.0 the :class:`MongoClient`
constructor no longer blocks while connecting to the server or
servers, and it no longer raises
:class:`~pymongo.errors.ConnectionFailure` if they are
unavailable, nor :class:`~pymongo.errors.ConfigurationError`
if the user's credentials are wrong. Instead, the constructor
returns immediately and launches the connection process on
background threads. You can check if the server is available
like this::
from pymongo.errors import ConnectionFailure
client = MongoClient()
try:
# The ismaster command is cheap and does not require auth.
client.admin.command('ismaster')
except ConnectionFailure:
print("Server not available")
.. warning:: When using PyMongo in a multiprocessing context, please
read :ref:`multiprocessing` first.
:Parameters:
- `host` (optional): hostname or IP address or Unix domain socket
path of a single mongod or mongos instance to connect to, or a
mongodb URI, or a list of hostnames / mongodb URIs. If `host` is
an IPv6 literal it must be enclosed in '[' and ']' characters
following the RFC2732 URL syntax (e.g. '[::1]' for localhost).
Multihomed and round robin DNS addresses are **not** supported.
- `port` (optional): port number on which to connect
- `document_class` (optional): default class to use for
documents returned from queries on this client
- `tz_aware` (optional): if ``True``,
:class:`~datetime.datetime` instances returned as values
in a document by this :class:`MongoClient` will be timezone
aware (otherwise they will be naive)
- `connect` (optional): if ``True`` (the default), immediately
begin connecting to MongoDB in the background. Otherwise connect
on the first operation.
| **Other optional parameters can be passed as keyword arguments:**
- `maxPoolSize` (optional): The maximum allowable number of
concurrent connections to each connected server. Requests to a
server will block if there are `maxPoolSize` outstanding
connections to the requested server. Defaults to 100. Cannot be 0.
- `minPoolSize` (optional): The minimum required number of concurrent
connections that the pool will maintain to each connected server.
Default is 0.
- `maxIdleTimeMS` (optional): The maximum number of milliseconds that
a connection can remain idle in the pool before being removed and
replaced. Defaults to `None` (no limit).
- `socketTimeoutMS`: (integer or None) Controls how long (in
milliseconds) the driver will wait for a response after sending an
ordinary (non-monitoring) database operation before concluding that
a network error has occurred. Defaults to ``None`` (no timeout).
- `connectTimeoutMS`: (integer or None) Controls how long (in
milliseconds) the driver will wait during server monitoring when
connecting a new socket to a server before concluding the server
is unavailable. Defaults to ``20000`` (20 seconds).
- `serverSelectionTimeoutMS`: (integer) Controls how long (in
milliseconds) the driver will wait to find an available,
appropriate server to carry out a database operation; while it is
waiting, multiple server monitoring operations may be carried out,
each controlled by `connectTimeoutMS`. Defaults to ``30000`` (30
seconds).
- `waitQueueTimeoutMS`: (integer or None) How long (in milliseconds)
a thread will wait for a socket from the pool if the pool has no
free sockets. Defaults to ``None`` (no timeout).
- `waitQueueMultiple`: (integer or None) Multiplied by maxPoolSize
to give the number of threads allowed to wait for a socket at one
time. Defaults to ``None`` (no limit).
- `socketKeepAlive`: (boolean) Whether to send periodic keep-alive
packets on connected sockets. Defaults to ``False`` (do not send
keep-alive packets).
- `heartbeatFrequencyMS`: (optional) The number of milliseconds
between periodic server checks, or None to accept the default
frequency of 10 seconds.
- `appname`: (string or None) The name of the application that
created this MongoClient instance. MongoDB 3.4 and newer will
print this value in the server log upon establishing each
connection. It is also recorded in the slow query log and
profile collections.
- `event_listeners`: a list or tuple of event listeners. See
:mod:`~pymongo.monitoring` for details.
| **Write Concern options:**
| (Only set if passed. No default values.)
- `w`: (integer or string) If this is a replica set, write operations
will block until they have been replicated to the specified number
or tagged set of servers. `w=<int>` always includes the replica set
primary (e.g. w=3 means write to the primary and wait until
replicated to **two** secondaries). Passing w=0 **disables write
acknowledgement** and all other write concern options.
- `wtimeout`: (integer) Used in conjunction with `w`. Specify a value
in milliseconds to control how long to wait for write propagation
to complete. If replication does not complete in the given
timeframe, a timeout exception is raised.
- `j`: If ``True`` block until write operations have been committed
to the journal. Cannot be used in combination with `fsync`. Prior
to MongoDB 2.6 this option was ignored if the server was running
without journaling. Starting with MongoDB 2.6 write operations will
fail with an exception if this option is used when the server is
running without journaling.
- `fsync`: If ``True`` and the server is running without journaling,
blocks until the server has synced all data files to disk. If the
server is running with journaling, this acts the same as the `j`
option, blocking until write operations have been committed to the
journal. Cannot be used in combination with `j`.
| **Replica set keyword arguments for connecting with a replica set
- either directly or via a mongos:**
- `replicaSet`: (string or None) The name of the replica set to
connect to. The driver will verify that all servers it connects to
match this name. Implies that the hosts specified are a seed list
and the driver should attempt to find all members of the set.
Defaults to ``None``.
| **Read Preference:**
- `readPreference`: The replica set read preference for this client.
One of ``primary``, ``primaryPreferred``, ``secondary``,
``secondaryPreferred``, or ``nearest``. Defaults to ``primary``.
- `readPreferenceTags`: Specifies a tag set as a comma-separated list
of colon-separated key-value pairs. For example ``dc:ny,rack:1``.
Defaults to ``None``.
- `maxStalenessSeconds`: (integer) The maximum estimated
length of time a replica set secondary can fall behind the primary
in replication before it will no longer be selected for operations.
Defaults to ``-1``, meaning no maximum. If maxStalenessSeconds
is set, it must be a positive integer greater than or equal to
90 seconds.
| **SSL configuration:**
- `ssl`: If ``True``, create the connection to the server using SSL.
Defaults to ``False``.
- `ssl_certfile`: The certificate file used to identify the local
connection against mongod. Implies ``ssl=True``. Defaults to
``None``.
- `ssl_keyfile`: The private keyfile used to identify the local
connection against mongod. If included with the ``certfile`` then
only the ``ssl_certfile`` is needed. Implies ``ssl=True``.
Defaults to ``None``.
- `ssl_pem_passphrase`: The password or passphrase for decrypting
the private key in ``ssl_certfile`` or ``ssl_keyfile``. Only
necessary if the private key is encrypted. Only supported by python
2.7.9+ (pypy 2.5.1+) and 3.3+. Defaults to ``None``.
- `ssl_cert_reqs`: Specifies whether a certificate is required from
the other side of the connection, and whether it will be validated
if provided. It must be one of the three values ``ssl.CERT_NONE``
(certificates ignored), ``ssl.CERT_REQUIRED`` (certificates
required and validated), or ``ssl.CERT_OPTIONAL`` (the same as
CERT_REQUIRED, unless the server was configured to use anonymous
ciphers). If the value of this parameter is not ``ssl.CERT_NONE``
and a value is not provided for ``ssl_ca_certs`` PyMongo will
attempt to load system provided CA certificates. If the python
version in use does not support loading system CA certificates
then the ``ssl_ca_certs`` parameter must point to a file of CA
certificates. Implies ``ssl=True``. Defaults to
``ssl.CERT_REQUIRED`` if not provided and ``ssl=True``.
- `ssl_ca_certs`: The ca_certs file contains a set of concatenated
"certification authority" certificates, which are used to validate
certificates passed from the other end of the connection.
Implies ``ssl=True``. Defaults to ``None``.
- `ssl_crlfile`: The path to a PEM or DER formatted certificate
revocation list. Only supported by python 2.7.9+ (pypy 2.5.1+)
and 3.4+. Defaults to ``None``.
- `ssl_match_hostname`: If ``True`` (the default), and
`ssl_cert_reqs` is not ``ssl.CERT_NONE``, enables hostname
verification using the :func:`~ssl.match_hostname` function from
python's :mod:`~ssl` module. Think very carefully before setting
this to ``False`` as that could make your application vulnerable to
man-in-the-middle attacks.
| **Read Concern options:**
| (If not set explicitly, this will use the server default)
- `readConcernLevel`: (string) The read concern level specifies the
level of isolation for read operations. For example, a read
operation using a read concern level of ``majority`` will only
return data that has been written to a majority of nodes. If the
level is left unspecified, the server default will be used.
.. mongodoc:: connections
.. versionchanged:: 3.0
:class:`~pymongo.mongo_client.MongoClient` is now the one and only
client class for a standalone server, mongos, or replica set.
It includes the functionality that had been split into
:class:`~pymongo.mongo_client.MongoReplicaSetClient`: it can connect
to a replica set, discover all its members, and monitor the set for
stepdowns, elections, and reconfigs.
The :class:`~pymongo.mongo_client.MongoClient` constructor no
longer blocks while connecting to the server or servers, and it no
longer raises :class:`~pymongo.errors.ConnectionFailure` if they
are unavailable, nor :class:`~pymongo.errors.ConfigurationError`
if the user's credentials are wrong. Instead, the constructor
returns immediately and launches the connection process on
background threads.
Therefore the ``alive`` method is removed since it no longer
provides meaningful information; even if the client is disconnected,
it may discover a server in time to fulfill the next operation.
In PyMongo 2.x, :class:`~pymongo.MongoClient` accepted a list of
standalone MongoDB servers and used the first it could connect to::
MongoClient(['host1.com:27017', 'host2.com:27017'])
A list of multiple standalones is no longer supported; if multiple
servers are listed they must be members of the same replica set, or
mongoses in the same sharded cluster.
The behavior for a list of mongoses is changed from "high
availability" to "load balancing". Before, the client connected to
the lowest-latency mongos in the list, and used it until a network
error prompted it to re-evaluate all mongoses' latencies and
reconnect to one of them. In PyMongo 3, the client monitors its
network latency to all the mongoses continuously, and distributes
operations evenly among those with the lowest latency. See
:ref:`mongos-load-balancing` for more information.
The ``connect`` option is added.
The ``start_request``, ``in_request``, and ``end_request`` methods
are removed, as well as the ``auto_start_request`` option.
The ``copy_database`` method is removed, see the
:doc:`copy_database examples </examples/copydb>` for alternatives.
The :meth:`MongoClient.disconnect` method is removed; it was a
synonym for :meth:`~pymongo.MongoClient.close`.
:class:`~pymongo.mongo_client.MongoClient` no longer returns an
instance of :class:`~pymongo.database.Database` for attribute names
with leading underscores. You must use dict-style lookups instead::
client['__my_database__']
Not::
client.__my_database__
"""
if host is None:
host = self.HOST
if isinstance(host, string_type):
host = [host]
if port is None:
port = self.PORT
if not isinstance(port, int):
raise TypeError("port must be an instance of int")
seeds = set()
username = None
password = None
dbase = None
opts = {}
for entity in host:
if "://" in entity:
if entity.startswith("mongodb://"):
res = uri_parser.parse_uri(entity, port, warn=True)
seeds.update(res["nodelist"])
username = res["username"] or username
password = res["password"] or password
dbase = res["database"] or dbase
opts = res["options"]
else:
idx = entity.find("://")
raise InvalidURI("Invalid URI scheme: "
"%s" % (entity[:idx],))
else:
seeds.update(uri_parser.split_hosts(entity, port))
if not seeds:
raise ConfigurationError("need to specify at least one host")
# _pool_class, _monitor_class, and _condition_class are for deep
# customization of PyMongo, e.g. Motor.
pool_class = kwargs.pop('_pool_class', None)
monitor_class = kwargs.pop('_monitor_class', None)
condition_class = kwargs.pop('_condition_class', None)
keyword_opts = kwargs
keyword_opts['document_class'] = document_class
if tz_aware is None:
tz_aware = opts.get('tz_aware', False)
if connect is None:
connect = opts.get('connect', True)
keyword_opts['tz_aware'] = tz_aware
keyword_opts['connect'] = connect
# Validate all keyword options.
keyword_opts = dict(common.validate(k, v)
for k, v in keyword_opts.items())
opts.update(keyword_opts)
self.__options = options = ClientOptions(
username, password, dbase, opts)
self.__default_database_name = dbase
self.__lock = threading.Lock()
self.__cursor_manager = None
self.__kill_cursors_queue = []
self._event_listeners = options.pool_options.event_listeners
# Cache of existing indexes used by ensure_index ops.
self.__index_cache = {}
self.__index_cache_lock = threading.Lock()
super(MongoClient, self).__init__(options.codec_options,
options.read_preference,
options.write_concern,
options.read_concern)
self.__all_credentials = {}
creds = options.credentials
if creds:
self._cache_credentials(creds.source, creds)
self._topology_settings = TopologySettings(
seeds=seeds,
replica_set_name=options.replica_set_name,
pool_class=pool_class,
pool_options=options.pool_options,
monitor_class=monitor_class,
condition_class=condition_class,
local_threshold_ms=options.local_threshold_ms,
server_selection_timeout=options.server_selection_timeout,
heartbeat_frequency=options.heartbeat_frequency)
self._topology = Topology(self._topology_settings)
if connect:
self._topology.open()
def target():
client = self_ref()
if client is None:
return False # Stop the executor.
MongoClient._process_periodic_tasks(client)
return True
executor = periodic_executor.PeriodicExecutor(
interval=common.KILL_CURSOR_FREQUENCY,
min_interval=0.5,
target=target,
name="pymongo_kill_cursors_thread")
# We strongly reference the executor and it weakly references us via
# this closure. When the client is freed, stop the executor soon.
self_ref = weakref.ref(self, executor.close)
self._kill_cursors_executor = executor
executor.open()
def _cache_credentials(self, source, credentials, connect=False):
"""Save a set of authentication credentials.
The credentials are used to login a socket whenever one is created.
If `connect` is True, verify the credentials on the server first.
"""
# Don't let other threads affect this call's data.
all_credentials = self.__all_credentials.copy()
if source in all_credentials:
# Nothing to do if we already have these credentials.
if credentials == all_credentials[source]:
return
raise OperationFailure('Another user is already authenticated '
'to this database. You must logout first.')
if connect:
server = self._get_topology().select_server(
writable_preferred_server_selector)
# get_socket() logs out of the database if logged in with old
# credentials, and logs in with new ones.
with server.get_socket(all_credentials) as sock_info:
sock_info.authenticate(credentials)
# If several threads run _cache_credentials at once, last one wins.
self.__all_credentials[source] = credentials
def _purge_credentials(self, source):
"""Purge credentials from the authentication cache."""
self.__all_credentials.pop(source, None)
def _cached(self, dbname, coll, index):
"""Test if `index` is cached."""
cache = self.__index_cache
now = datetime.datetime.utcnow()
with self.__index_cache_lock:
return (dbname in cache and
coll in cache[dbname] and
index in cache[dbname][coll] and
now < cache[dbname][coll][index])
def _cache_index(self, dbname, collection, index, cache_for):
"""Add an index to the index cache for ensure_index operations."""
now = datetime.datetime.utcnow()
expire = datetime.timedelta(seconds=cache_for) + now
with self.__index_cache_lock:
if database not in self.__index_cache:
self.__index_cache[dbname] = {}
self.__index_cache[dbname][collection] = {}
self.__index_cache[dbname][collection][index] = expire
elif collection not in self.__index_cache[dbname]:
self.__index_cache[dbname][collection] = {}
self.__index_cache[dbname][collection][index] = expire
else:
self.__index_cache[dbname][collection][index] = expire
def _purge_index(self, database_name,
collection_name=None, index_name=None):
"""Purge an index from the index cache.
If `index_name` is None purge an entire collection.
If `collection_name` is None purge an entire database.
"""
with self.__index_cache_lock:
if not database_name in self.__index_cache:
return
if collection_name is None:
del self.__index_cache[database_name]
return
if not collection_name in self.__index_cache[database_name]:
return
if index_name is None:
del self.__index_cache[database_name][collection_name]
return
if index_name in self.__index_cache[database_name][collection_name]:
del self.__index_cache[database_name][collection_name][index_name]
def _server_property(self, attr_name):
"""An attribute of the current server's description.
If the client is not connected, this will block until a connection is
established or raise ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no server is
available.
Not threadsafe if used multiple times in a single method, since
the server may change. In such cases, store a local reference to a
ServerDescription first, then use its properties.
"""
server = self._topology.select_server(
writable_server_selector)
return getattr(server.description, attr_name)
@property
def event_listeners(self):
"""The event listeners registered for this client.
See :mod:`~pymongo.monitoring` for details.
"""
return self._event_listeners.event_listeners
@property
def address(self):
"""(host, port) of the current standalone, primary, or mongos, or None.
Accessing :attr:`address` raises :exc:`~.errors.InvalidOperation` if
the client is load-balancing among mongoses, since there is no single
address. Use :attr:`nodes` instead.
If the client is not connected, this will block until a connection is
established or raise ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no server is
available.
.. versionadded:: 3.0
"""
topology_type = self._topology._description.topology_type
if topology_type == TOPOLOGY_TYPE.Sharded:
raise InvalidOperation(
'Cannot use "address" property when load balancing among'
' mongoses, use "nodes" instead.')
if topology_type not in (TOPOLOGY_TYPE.ReplicaSetWithPrimary,
TOPOLOGY_TYPE.Single):
return None
return self._server_property('address')
@property
def primary(self):
"""The (host, port) of the current primary of the replica set.
Returns ``None`` if this client is not connected to a replica set,
there is no primary, or this client was created without the
`replicaSet` option.
.. versionadded:: 3.0
MongoClient gained this property in version 3.0 when
MongoReplicaSetClient's functionality was merged in.
"""
return self._topology.get_primary()
@property
def secondaries(self):
"""The secondary members known to this client.
A sequence of (host, port) pairs. Empty if this client is not
connected to a replica set, there are no visible secondaries, or this
client was created without the `replicaSet` option.
.. versionadded:: 3.0
MongoClient gained this property in version 3.0 when
MongoReplicaSetClient's functionality was merged in.
"""
return self._topology.get_secondaries()
@property
def arbiters(self):
"""Arbiters in the replica set.
A sequence of (host, port) pairs. Empty if this client is not
connected to a replica set, there are no arbiters, or this client was
created without the `replicaSet` option.
"""
return self._topology.get_arbiters()
@property
def is_primary(self):
"""If this client is connected to a server that can accept writes.
True if the current server is a standalone, mongos, or the primary of
a replica set. If the client is not connected, this will block until a
connection is established or raise ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no
server is available.
"""
return self._server_property('is_writable')
@property
def is_mongos(self):
"""If this client is connected to mongos. If the client is not
connected, this will block until a connection is established or raise
ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no server is available..
"""
return self._server_property('server_type') == SERVER_TYPE.Mongos
@property
def max_pool_size(self):
"""The maximum allowable number of concurrent connections to each
connected server. Requests to a server will block if there are
`maxPoolSize` outstanding connections to the requested server.
Defaults to 100. Cannot be 0.
When a server's pool has reached `max_pool_size`, operations for that
server block waiting for a socket to be returned to the pool. If
``waitQueueTimeoutMS`` is set, a blocked operation will raise
:exc:`~pymongo.errors.ConnectionFailure` after a timeout.
By default ``waitQueueTimeoutMS`` is not set.
"""
return self.__options.pool_options.max_pool_size
@property
def min_pool_size(self):
"""The minimum required number of concurrent connections that the pool
will maintain to each connected server. Default is 0.
"""
return self.__options.pool_options.min_pool_size
@property
def max_idle_time_ms(self):
"""The maximum number of milliseconds that a connection can remain
idle in the pool before being removed and replaced. Defaults to
`None` (no limit).
"""
return self.__options.pool_options.max_idle_time_ms
@property
def nodes(self):
"""Set of all currently connected servers.
.. warning:: When connected to a replica set the value of :attr:`nodes`
can change over time as :class:`MongoClient`'s view of the replica
set changes. :attr:`nodes` can also be an empty set when
:class:`MongoClient` is first instantiated and hasn't yet connected
to any servers, or a network partition causes it to lose connection
to all servers.
"""
description = self._topology.description
return frozenset(s.address for s in description.known_servers)
@property
def max_bson_size(self):
"""The largest BSON object the connected server accepts in bytes.
If the client is not connected, this will block until a connection is
established or raise ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no server is
available.
"""
return self._server_property('max_bson_size')
@property
def max_message_size(self):
"""The largest message the connected server accepts in bytes.
If the client is not connected, this will block until a connection is
established or raise ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no server is
available.
"""
return self._server_property('max_message_size')
@property
def max_write_batch_size(self):
"""The maxWriteBatchSize reported by the server.
If the client is not connected, this will block until a connection is
established or raise ServerSelectionTimeoutError if no server is
available.
Returns a default value when connected to server versions prior to
MongoDB 2.6.
"""
return self._server_property('max_write_batch_size')
@property
def local_threshold_ms(self):
"""The local threshold for this instance."""
return self.__options.local_threshold_ms
@property
def server_selection_timeout(self):
"""The server selection timeout for this instance in seconds."""
return self.__options.server_selection_timeout
def _is_writable(self):
"""Attempt to connect to a writable server, or return False.
"""
topology = self._get_topology() # Starts monitors if necessary.
try:
svr = topology.select_server(writable_server_selector)
# When directly connected to a secondary, arbiter, etc.,
# select_server returns it, whatever the selector. Check
# again if the server is writable.
return svr.description.is_writable
except ConnectionFailure:
return False
def close(self):
"""Disconnect from MongoDB.
Close all sockets in the connection pools and stop the monitor threads.
If this instance is used again it will be automatically re-opened and
the threads restarted.
"""
# Run _process_periodic_tasks to send pending killCursor requests
# before closing the topology.
self._process_periodic_tasks()
self._topology.close()
def set_cursor_manager(self, manager_class):
"""DEPRECATED - Set this client's cursor manager.
Raises :class:`TypeError` if `manager_class` is not a subclass of
:class:`~pymongo.cursor_manager.CursorManager`. A cursor manager
handles closing cursors. Different managers can implement different
policies in terms of when to actually kill a cursor that has
been closed.
:Parameters:
- `manager_class`: cursor manager to use
.. versionchanged:: 3.3
Deprecated, for real this time.
.. versionchanged:: 3.0
Undeprecated.
"""
warnings.warn(
"set_cursor_manager is Deprecated",
DeprecationWarning,
stacklevel=2)
manager = manager_class(self)
if not isinstance(manager, CursorManager):
raise TypeError("manager_class must be a subclass of "
"CursorManager")
self.__cursor_manager = manager
def _get_topology(self):
"""Get the internal :class:`~pymongo.topology.Topology` object.
If this client was created with "connect=False", calling _get_topology
launches the connection process in the background.
"""
self._topology.open()
return self._topology
@contextlib.contextmanager
def _get_socket(self, selector):
server = self._get_topology().select_server(selector)
try:
with server.get_socket(self.__all_credentials) as sock_info:
yield sock_info
except NetworkTimeout:
# The socket has been closed. Don't reset the server.
# Server Discovery And Monitoring Spec: "When an application
# operation fails because of any network error besides a socket
# timeout...."
raise
except NotMasterError:
# "When the client sees a "not master" error it MUST replace the
# server's description with type Unknown. It MUST request an
# immediate check of the server."
self._reset_server_and_request_check(server.description.address)
raise
except ConnectionFailure:
# "Client MUST replace the server's description with type Unknown
# ... MUST NOT request an immediate check of the server."
self.__reset_server(server.description.address)
raise
def _socket_for_writes(self):
return self._get_socket(writable_server_selector)
@contextlib.contextmanager
def _socket_for_reads(self, read_preference):
preference = read_preference or ReadPreference.PRIMARY
# Get a socket for a server matching the read preference, and yield
# sock_info, slave_ok. Server Selection Spec: "slaveOK must be sent to
# mongods with topology type Single. If the server type is Mongos,
# follow the rules for passing read preference to mongos, even for
# topology type Single."
# Thread safe: if the type is single it cannot change.
topology = self._get_topology()
single = topology.description.topology_type == TOPOLOGY_TYPE.Single
with self._get_socket(read_preference) as sock_info:
slave_ok = (single and not sock_info.is_mongos) or (
preference != ReadPreference.PRIMARY)
yield sock_info, slave_ok
def _send_message_with_response(self, operation, read_preference=None,
exhaust=False, address=None):
"""Send a message to MongoDB and return a Response.
:Parameters:
- `operation`: a _Query or _GetMore object.
- `read_preference` (optional): A ReadPreference.
- `exhaust` (optional): If True, the socket used stays checked out.
It is returned along with its Pool in the Response.
- `address` (optional): Optional address when sending a message
to a specific server, used for getMore.
"""
with self.__lock:
# If needed, restart kill-cursors thread after a fork.
self._kill_cursors_executor.open()
topology = self._get_topology()
if address:
server = topology.select_server_by_address(address)
if not server:
raise AutoReconnect('server %s:%d no longer available'
% address)
else:
selector = read_preference or writable_server_selector
server = topology.select_server(selector)
# A _Query's slaveOk bit is already set for queries with non-primary
# read preference. If this is a direct connection to a mongod, override
# and *always* set the slaveOk bit. See bullet point 2 in
# server-selection.rst#topology-type-single.
set_slave_ok = (
topology.description.topology_type == TOPOLOGY_TYPE.Single
and server.description.server_type != SERVER_TYPE.Mongos)
return self._reset_on_error(
server,
server.send_message_with_response,
operation,
set_slave_ok,
self.__all_credentials,
self._event_listeners,
exhaust)
def _reset_on_error(self, server, func, *args, **kwargs):
"""Execute an operation. Reset the server on network error.
Returns fn()'s return value on success. On error, clears the server's
pool and marks the server Unknown.
Re-raises any exception thrown by fn().
"""
try:
return func(*args, **kwargs)
except NetworkTimeout:
# The socket has been closed. Don't reset the server.
raise
except ConnectionFailure:
self.__reset_server(server.description.address)
raise
def __reset_server(self, address):
"""Clear our connection pool for a server and mark it Unknown."""
self._topology.reset_server(address)
def _reset_server_and_request_check(self, address):
"""Clear our pool for a server, mark it Unknown, and check it soon."""
self._topology.reset_server_and_request_check(address)
def __eq__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, self.__class__):
return self.address == other.address
return NotImplemented
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self == other
def _repr_helper(self):
def option_repr(option, value):
"""Fix options whose __repr__ isn't usable in a constructor."""
if option == 'document_class':
if value is dict:
return 'document_class=dict'
else:
return 'document_class=%s.%s' % (value.__module__,
value.__name__)
if option in common.TIMEOUT_VALIDATORS and value is not None:
return "%s=%s" % (option, int(value * 1000))
return '%s=%r' % (option, value)
# Host first...
options = ['host=%r' % [
'%s:%d' % (host, port) if port is not None else host
for host, port in self._topology_settings.seeds]]
# ... then everything in self._constructor_args...
options.extend(
option_repr(key, self.__options._options[key])
for key in self._constructor_args)
# ... then everything else.
options.extend(
option_repr(key, self.__options._options[key])
for key in self.__options._options
if key not in set(self._constructor_args))
return ', '.join(options)
def __repr__(self):
return ("MongoClient(%s)" % (self._repr_helper(),))
def __getattr__(self, name):
"""Get a database by name.
Raises :class:`~pymongo.errors.InvalidName` if an invalid
database name is used.
:Parameters:
- `name`: the name of the database to get
"""
if name.startswith('_'):
raise AttributeError(
"MongoClient has no attribute %r. To access the %s"
" database, use client[%r]." % (name, name, name))
return self.__getitem__(name)
def __getitem__(self, name):
"""Get a database by name.
Raises :class:`~pymongo.errors.InvalidName` if an invalid
database name is used.
:Parameters:
- `name`: the name of the database to get
"""
return database.Database(self, name)
def close_cursor(self, cursor_id, address=None):
"""Send a kill cursors message soon with the given id.
Raises :class:`TypeError` if `cursor_id` is not an instance of
``(int, long)``. What closing the cursor actually means
depends on this client's cursor manager.
This method may be called from a :class:`~pymongo.cursor.Cursor`
destructor during garbage collection, so it isn't safe to take a
lock or do network I/O. Instead, we schedule the cursor to be closed
soon on a background thread.
:Parameters:
- `cursor_id`: id of cursor to close
- `address` (optional): (host, port) pair of the cursor's server.
If it is not provided, the client attempts to close the cursor on
the primary or standalone, or a mongos server.
.. versionchanged:: 3.0
Added ``address`` parameter.
"""
if not isinstance(cursor_id, integer_types):
raise TypeError("cursor_id must be an instance of (int, long)")
if self.__cursor_manager is not None:
self.__cursor_manager.close(cursor_id, address)
else:
self.__kill_cursors_queue.append((address, [cursor_id]))
def _close_cursor_now(self, cursor_id, address=None):
"""Send a kill cursors message with the given id.
What closing the cursor actually means depends on this client's
cursor manager. If there is none, the cursor is closed synchronously
on the current thread.
"""
if not isinstance(cursor_id, integer_types):
raise TypeError("cursor_id must be an instance of (int, long)")
if self.__cursor_manager is not None:
self.__cursor_manager.close(cursor_id, address)
else:
self._kill_cursors([cursor_id], address, self._get_topology())
def kill_cursors(self, cursor_ids, address=None):
"""DEPRECATED - Send a kill cursors message soon with the given ids.
Raises :class:`TypeError` if `cursor_ids` is not an instance of
``list``.
:Parameters:
- `cursor_ids`: list of cursor ids to kill
- `address` (optional): (host, port) pair of the cursor's server.
If it is not provided, the client attempts to close the cursor on
the primary or standalone, or a mongos server.
.. versionchanged:: 3.3
Deprecated.
.. versionchanged:: 3.0
Now accepts an `address` argument. Schedules the cursors to be
closed on a background thread instead of sending the message
immediately.
"""
warnings.warn(
"kill_cursors is deprecated.",
DeprecationWarning,
stacklevel=2)
if not isinstance(cursor_ids, list):
raise TypeError("cursor_ids must be a list")
# "Atomic", needs no lock.
self.__kill_cursors_queue.append((address, cursor_ids))
def _kill_cursors(self, cursor_ids, address, topology):
"""Send a kill cursors message with the given ids."""
listeners = self._event_listeners
publish = listeners.enabled_for_commands
if address:
# address could be a tuple or _CursorAddress, but
# select_server_by_address needs (host, port).
server = topology.select_server_by_address(tuple(address))
else:
# Application called close_cursor() with no address.
server = topology.select_server(writable_server_selector)
try:
namespace = address.namespace
db, coll = namespace.split('.', 1)
except AttributeError:
namespace = None
db = coll = "OP_KILL_CURSORS"
spec = SON([('killCursors', coll), ('cursors', cursor_ids)])
with server.get_socket(self.__all_credentials) as sock_info:
if sock_info.max_wire_version >= 4 and namespace is not None:
sock_info.command(db, spec)
else:
if publish:
start = datetime.datetime.now()
request_id, msg = message.kill_cursors(cursor_ids)
if publish:
duration = datetime.datetime.now() - start
# Here and below, address could be a tuple or
# _CursorAddress. We always want to publish a
# tuple to match the rest of the monitoring
# API.
listeners.publish_command_start(
spec, db, request_id, tuple(address))
start = datetime.datetime.now()
try:
sock_info.send_message(msg, 0)
except Exception as exc:
if publish:
dur = ((datetime.datetime.now() - start) + duration)
listeners.publish_command_failure(
dur, message._convert_exception(exc),
'killCursors', request_id,
tuple(address))
raise
if publish:
duration = ((datetime.datetime.now() - start) + duration)
# OP_KILL_CURSORS returns no reply, fake one.
reply = {'cursorsUnknown': cursor_ids, 'ok': 1}
listeners.publish_command_success(
duration, reply, 'killCursors', request_id,
tuple(address))
# This method is run periodically by a background thread.
def _process_periodic_tasks(self):
"""Process any pending kill cursors requests and
maintain connection pool parameters."""
address_to_cursor_ids = defaultdict(list)
# Other threads or the GC may append to the queue concurrently.
while True:
try:
address, cursor_ids = self.__kill_cursors_queue.pop()
except IndexError:
break
address_to_cursor_ids[address].extend(cursor_ids)
# Don't re-open topology if it's closed and there's no pending cursors.
if address_to_cursor_ids:
topology = self._get_topology()
for address, cursor_ids in address_to_cursor_ids.items():
try:
self._kill_cursors(cursor_ids, address, topology)
except Exception:
helpers._handle_exception()
try:
self._topology.update_pool()
except Exception:
helpers._handle_exception()
def server_info(self):
"""Get information about the MongoDB server we're connected to."""
return self.admin.command("buildinfo",
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY)
def database_names(self):
"""Get a list of the names of all databases on the connected server."""
return [db["name"] for db in
self._database_default_options('admin').command(
"listDatabases")["databases"]]
def drop_database(self, name_or_database):
"""Drop a database.
Raises :class:`TypeError` if `name_or_database` is not an instance of
:class:`basestring` (:class:`str` in python 3) or
:class:`~pymongo.database.Database`.
:Parameters:
- `name_or_database`: the name of a database to drop, or a
:class:`~pymongo.database.Database` instance representing the
database to drop
.. note:: The :attr:`~pymongo.mongo_client.MongoClient.write_concern` of
this client is automatically applied to this operation when using
MongoDB >= 3.4.
.. versionchanged:: 3.4
Apply this client's write concern automatically to this operation
when connected to MongoDB >= 3.4.
"""
name = name_or_database
if isinstance(name, database.Database):
name = name.name
if not isinstance(name, string_type):
raise TypeError("name_or_database must be an instance "
"of %s or a Database" % (string_type.__name__,))
self._purge_index(name)
with self._socket_for_reads(
ReadPreference.PRIMARY) as (sock_info, slave_ok):
self[name]._command(
sock_info,
"dropDatabase",
slave_ok=slave_ok,
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY,
write_concern=self.write_concern,
parse_write_concern_error=True)
def get_default_database(self):
"""Get the database named in the MongoDB connection URI.
>>> uri = 'mongodb://host/my_database'
>>> client = MongoClient(uri)
>>> db = client.get_default_database()
>>> assert db.name == 'my_database'
Useful in scripts where you want to choose which database to use
based only on the URI in a configuration file.
"""
if self.__default_database_name is None:
raise ConfigurationError('No default database defined')
return self[self.__default_database_name]
def get_database(self, name, codec_options=None, read_preference=None,
write_concern=None, read_concern=None):
"""Get a :class:`~pymongo.database.Database` with the given name and
options.
Useful for creating a :class:`~pymongo.database.Database` with
different codec options, read preference, and/or write concern from
this :class:`MongoClient`.
>>> client.read_preference
Primary()
>>> db1 = client.test
>>> db1.read_preference
Primary()
>>> from pymongo import ReadPreference
>>> db2 = client.get_database(
... 'test', read_preference=ReadPreference.SECONDARY)
>>> db2.read_preference
Secondary(tag_sets=None)
:Parameters:
- `name`: The name of the database - a string.
- `codec_options` (optional): An instance of
:class:`~bson.codec_options.CodecOptions`. If ``None`` (the
default) the :attr:`codec_options` of this :class:`MongoClient` is
used.
- `read_preference` (optional): The read preference to use. If
``None`` (the default) the :attr:`read_preference` of this
:class:`MongoClient` is used. See :mod:`~pymongo.read_preferences`
for options.
- `write_concern` (optional): An instance of
:class:`~pymongo.write_concern.WriteConcern`. If ``None`` (the
default) the :attr:`write_concern` of this :class:`MongoClient` is
used.
- `read_concern` (optional): An instance of
:class:`~pymongo.read_concern.ReadConcern`. If ``None`` (the
default) the :attr:`read_concern` of this :class:`MongoClient` is
used.
"""
return database.Database(
self, name, codec_options, read_preference,
write_concern, read_concern)
def _database_default_options(self, name):
"""Get a Database instance with the default settings."""
return self.get_database(
name, codec_options=DEFAULT_CODEC_OPTIONS,
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY,
write_concern=WriteConcern())
@property
def is_locked(self):
"""Is this server locked? While locked, all write operations
are blocked, although read operations may still be allowed.
Use :meth:`unlock` to unlock.
"""
ops = self._database_default_options('admin').current_op()
return bool(ops.get('fsyncLock', 0))
def fsync(self, **kwargs):
"""Flush all pending writes to datafiles.
:Parameters:
Optional parameters can be passed as keyword arguments:
- `lock`: If True lock the server to disallow writes.
- `async`: If True don't block while synchronizing.
.. warning:: `async` and `lock` can not be used together.
.. warning:: MongoDB does not support the `async` option
on Windows and will raise an exception on that
platform.
"""
self.admin.command("fsync",
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY, **kwargs)
def unlock(self):
"""Unlock a previously locked server.
"""
cmd = {"fsyncUnlock": 1}
with self._socket_for_writes() as sock_info:
if sock_info.max_wire_version >= 4:
try:
sock_info.command("admin", cmd)
except OperationFailure as exc:
# Ignore "DB not locked" to replicate old behavior
if exc.code != 125:
raise
else:
helpers._first_batch(sock_info, "admin", "$cmd.sys.unlock",
{}, -1, True, self.codec_options,
ReadPreference.PRIMARY, cmd, self._event_listeners)
def __enter__(self):
return self
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb):
self.close()
def __iter__(self):
return self
def __next__(self):
raise TypeError("'MongoClient' object is not iterable")
next = __next__