child_process.spawn ignores PATHEXT on Windows #2318

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OrangeDog opened this Issue Dec 12, 2011 · 67 comments

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@OrangeDog

For example require('child.process').spawn('mycmd') won't find C:\util\mycmd.bat when PATH contains C:\util and PATHEXT contains .BAT.

Ye olde code (https://github.com/joyent/node/blob/v0.4/src/node_child_process_win32.cc) looks like it would have worked, but I have no idea where the v0.6 equivalent is.

@piscisaureus
Member

At the moment child_process.spawn() can only run exe files. This is a limitation of the CreateProcess API. child_process.exec() can run batch files though. We could make libuv prefix cmd /c if the file is not an exe - but iirc Peter was strongly against that.

@drpizza @igorzi thoughts?

@piscisaureus
Member

@OrangeDog as a workaround, you could use

require('child_process').spawn('cmd', ['/s', '/c', '"C:\\util\\mycmd.bat"'], { 
  windowsVerbatimArguments: true
});

(this option is internal and not guarateed to stick btw)

@OrangeDog

Not very helpful for writing portable code though.

@piscisaureus
Member

@OrangeDog Well you can't really write a portable batch file anyway.

@DrPizza suggested today that we could add a { shell: true } option to spawn. I kind of like the idea. It allows using spawn for the same purpose as exec without buffering all the output. We also currently have the weird distinction between exec and execFile; we could just make those the same function but with a different default for the shell option. @ry, @bnoordhuis, what do you guys think?

@bnoordhuis
Member

It'd be superfluous on Unices - the two things a shell script needs is a valid shebang and the executable bit set.

@piscisaureus
Member

@bnoordhuis not completely because people may want to do ls -r | grep bla

@dfellis
dfellis commented Dec 20, 2011

If I can interject into this conversation; the shebang indicates which executable will actually run the file and the executable bit flags that the user (or a user) has granted permission to run the file (probably why auto-executing of shell scripts in the Windows %PATH% was objected to before, since there's no executable bit there).

Perhaps a { shell: "shellname" } option would be better? This would indicate which program you want to pass the file to for execution (being explicit that you do want to execute a script rather than an application), and it could still be useful for Unices.

Basically, the shebang line is invalid syntax in Javascript, but Node.js tolerates it because Unix shells will automatically interpret that line and pass the file to the specified program -- but then that means you can't use that JS file in a browser without modification. A developer using browser-require might instead prefer to spawn the script with { shell: "node" } instead and not include the shebang at all.

EDIT: Of course, in Unix, a shebanged shell script could still be run the normal way.

@OrangeDog

@piscisaureus but you can write batch/perl/etc. scripts to allow spawn('scp') or spawn('readlink') to behave in the same way on Windows as on *nix.

I thought the whole point of adding libuv was to give portable cross-platform support.

@bnoordhuis
Member

@piscisaureus Is this still an issue?

@piscisaureus
Member

@bnoordhuis It is.

@piscisaureus piscisaureus was assigned Jul 29, 2012
@isaacs
Collaborator
isaacs commented Aug 2, 2012

I think @piscisaureus's suggestion is on to something.

It's kind of annoying right now that there's a "run in a shell" function that buffers the output (exec), and a "run as-is" option that doesn't (spawn), and a "run as-is" that buffers the output (execFile), but no "run in a shell" that doesn't buffer the output.

However, it can't be spawn(cmd, args, {shell: true}), because that doesn't really work for the ls -laF | grep foo case, right? The cmd is either "sh" or "cmd" depending on platform, and the arg is always either /c $cmd or -c $cmd.

What about this?

child = child_process.spawnShell('util.bat glerp gorp', {options...})

Which would be sugar for:

child = child_process.spawn(isWin ? 'cmd' : 'sh', [isWin?'/c':'-c', arg], options)
@domenic
Member
domenic commented Aug 2, 2012

So, I don't understand anything about shells on Unix, so take this with a grain of salt. In particular I don't understand how sh -c would affect things. I guess maybe that would let it run chmodded shebanged files?

But for me the problem is that there is lots of published code out there that is not cross-platform because of this. (npm with git and npm-www with couchdb recently, but much more I've seen) A fix that retroactively makes all that code work would be ideal, instead of throwing a new method in the already-confusing medley of child_process and having to evangelize "use this if you want your code to work on Windows."

So I'd say

We could make libuv prefix cmd /c if the file is not an exe - but iirc Peter was strongly against that.

is the most useful thing I've seen so far. Alternately, if there's an alternative to the CreateProcess API that doesn't have this suckiness, that would be nice.

@isaacs
Collaborator
isaacs commented Aug 2, 2012

@domenic sh -c would allow you to do shell syntax stuff, pipes and whatnot. sh -c "ls -laF | grep foo > output.log" would list all the files, search the output lines for "foo" and then write the results to output.log. "ls -laF | grep foo > output.log" isn't an executable name, it's a shell program. (An executable name is also a valid shell program, of course.)

If we start wrapping every command in a shell, then that's not so great.

@domenic
Member
domenic commented Aug 2, 2012

@isaacs I see. Then that seems like a fairly orthogonal concern to the fact that Windows executables come in many flavors (exe, bat, cmd, etc.). People using spawn will not expect shell syntax, but they will expect that spawn("couchdb") works cross-platform without any extra { shell: true } or spawnShell or the like.

It sounds like spawnShell would be independently useful for the

"run in a shell" that doesn't buffer the output

case, but regardless I think spawn should work with .bats, .cmds, etc.

@piscisaureus
Member

libuv used to use PATHEXT, but this was reverted in joyent/libuv@8ed2ffb because it didn't work for non-exe files. I would be ok with putting this back in and running all non-exe files with "cmd /c". I take patches. (Note that the escaping rules are quite complicated when running stuff with cmd /c)

@domenic
Member
domenic commented Aug 6, 2012

@piscisaureus Would using ShellExecuteEx instead of CreateProcess be a good route toward this?

Otherwise, if I were to work on a patch for this, would you suggest it as a libuv patch or Node patch? Probably libuv, right?

@piscisaureus
Member

@domenic Afaik ShellExecuteEx doesn't allow redirection of stdio handles.

@geekytime

The problem seems to be that child_process got a bit muddied up trying to handle some of these cases for shell commands, but we've reached a point where it's getting uncomfortable to continue to add shims in there to support more shell-friendly options. I don't think this is a cross-platform problem. It's a problem of executables vs. shell scripts. This isn't a problem for most Unix devs, because they already know the difference between the two.

I'm primarily a Windows guy myself, but it doesn't seem fair that Windows should get special treatment at the child_process level just because cmd and bat files are treated as shell commands by the OS. Windows devs will just need to learn the difference between an executable and a shell command for their platform. (This isn't just a problem with Node, BTW. I've seen this play out in other platforms, too.) We need to respect Windows's idea of what is executable, and what is not, and be careful not to break that.

I initially liked the idea of adding a {shell:true} sort of option to spawn(), but after looking at the code, I'd expect it to be supported in exec() and execFile(), too, and that would break things. (We could have different defaults for spawn() and exec(), but that's still pretty confusing.)

Rather than try to make the mess of spawn(), exec(), and execFile() do even more black magic, and risk making things even more unclear, I'd prefer that we keep things honest and add @isaacs's suggestion of adding a spawnShell() method. If we clean up the docs a bit, and make it more clear what each of these methods does, we've got a shot at having a fairly complete set of use cases.

In the long term, it might be worth considering the deprecation of exec() and execFile(), in favor of a set of functions with a more deliberate separation between executables and shell commands. The code would get a lot cleaner, and with just slightly better documentation and error messages, it would also be an easier API for new developers to understand.

@TooTallNate

bump

@pghalliday

I'd like to add my 2 cents with regard to using

require('child_process').spawn('cmd', ['/s', '/c', '"C:\\util\\mycmd.bat"']);

on windows. This is giving me a real headache as doing this with long running processes results in those processes being orphaned when I call child.kill() ie. the cmd process is killed but the process it spawns is not.

See this gist for an example:

https://gist.github.com/4117163

I'm still trying to figure out if this is a bug that should be raised separately (child.kill seems to deliberately not kill grandchildren (which is annoying also) and this might be considered a grandchild)

@kevva kevva referenced this issue in yeoman/yeoman Apr 10, 2013
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@be5invis be5invis referenced this issue in ninja-build/ninja Oct 21, 2013
Open

Windows: support PATHEXT #675

@lawnsea lawnsea referenced this issue in SpookyJS/SpookyJS Oct 30, 2013
Open

Example hello.js can't run [Window] #71

@yeputons

@piscisaureus Do you have any news with this issue? I've noticed that you said 'Yes, I am actively working on that.', in this comment a year ago.

@asfgit asfgit pushed a commit to apache/cordova-android that referenced this issue Jan 16, 2014
@agrieve agrieve CB-5801 Add spawn work-around on windows for it not being able to exe…
…cute .cmd files

More info: nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
22e4039
@yeputons

I've digged into this issue a bit and here are all the information I gathered:

  1. require('child_process').exec does the following:

      if (process.platform === 'win32') {
        file = 'cmd.exe';
        args = ['/s', '/c', '"' + command + '"'];
        // Make a shallow copy before patching so we don't clobber the user's
        // options object.
        options = util._extend({}, options);
        options.windowsVerbatimArguments = true;
      } else {
        file = '/bin/sh';
        args = ['-c', command];
      }
    
  2. There is no argv on Windows - OS passes the full command line to application and it's up to it (or its runtime library)
    to process this string in any way it wants. That means, that different processes can have different escaping rules theoretically.
    But, there are formal rules from Microsoft that Visual C++ runtime uses.
    As almost everything is compiled using this runtime (MinGW GCC uses it too), I think we can assume that each executable follow these rules.
    That's how arguments of spawn are escaped by libuv, if windowsVerbatimArguments == false. Otherwise, it just joins all arguments with spaces.

  3. In cmd.exe /s /c the second argument (/c) is mandatory. It means 'execute the following command' and exit.

  4. /s is not mandatory, but it's required in a very specific case.
    Tl;dr: you have both c:\a.exe and c:\a b\c.exe, and if you run cmd /c "c:\a b\c.exe", it will not cut out quotes, but if use add /s it will run c:\a.exe with b:\c.exe as an argument.

  5. cmd.exe has its own rules for escaping - ^ is used as escape symbol. For example, if I run cmd.exe /c "echo 1^^2", it will print 1^2. &<>()@^| have
    special meaning too and should be escaped if we don't want them to be interpreted by cmd.exe.

  6. So, if you run executable using cmd.exe, you should escape your arguments twice, in order: first for your runtime library and then for cmd.exe. But, as the former escapes
    space characters, quotemarks, and backslashes; the former escapes another set of characters; we have the right to do escaping in reverse order (escape for cmd.exe first,
    and escape for VCRT then).

  7. spawn('a.bat') works perfectly - it spawns cmd.exe despite it is not explicitly specified it. It's behavior of CreateProcess - if you specify a.bat in both lpApplicationName and lpCommandLine,
    it will run command interpreter. Unfortunatelly, I haven't found a place where such behavior is documented. This doesn't work with another scripts, though - no .vbs, no .js. But still works with .cmd files.

  8. cmd.exe do something weird with ^ in batch files. It looks like parameters are unescaped several times:

    1. When you run cmd.exe /s /c
    2. When some command is run from inside the batch file

    As a consequence, if you have, say, two nested batches (x.bat calls y.bat, which calls z.exe), then you need to run cmd.exe /s /c "x.bat ^^^^^^^^" (yes, eight) to get z.exe ^ started:
    cmd.exe /s /c cuts half of them, then cuts another half while expanding arguments for call y.bat, and the new cmd.exe cuts another half. My gist.
    I was unable to pass odd number of ^ to z.exe through two batch.

  9. But cmd.exe behaves differently if ^ is inside quotation marks. I was unable to understand the logic behind this.

  10. Summarizing: if you have ^ in your arguments, you're gonna have a bad time, because exec always run cmd.exe and do not escape ^. But spawn, in contrast, may or may not
    use cmd.exe and thus, may or may not require escaping of ^. But if you don't use ^, you can always use one of two options;

    1. spawn('a.bat', [/*...*/]) and everything will be escaped properly to work as executable's parameter. You shouldn't use parameters inside batch itself (for example, try to calculate parameter's length
      using embedded cmd.exe commands, because it know nothing about backslashes). I don't know cases where you use parameters not to run external commands, because both type and echo are executables.
      Only some kind of for, may be. I think it's one of the best workarouns for now, despite I don't know why it works (I've tested on Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows 7)
    2. spawn('c.cmd', ['/s', '/c/', '"a.bat ' + args + '"'], {windowsVerbatimArguments: true}), if you carefully escape args for use with VCRT by yourself.
  11. For example, in bower/bower#626 spawn(which.sync(command). [/*...*/]) was considered as a workaround.

  12. Unfortunatelly, there is no universal escaping solution.

@yeputons

I know two modules that partially solve this issue:

  1. child-proc. It uses windowsVerbatimArguments (which is undocumented) and do not perform escaping. This can
    lead to differences in behavior with child_process. Say, the following code:

    var spawn = require('child-proc').spawn;
    spawn('bats\\a.bat b\\b.bat').stdout.pipe(process.stdout);
    

    runs a.bat, but if you replace child-proc by child_process, b.bat will be started.

  2. spawn-cmd. It do not concatenate arguments by itself and do not use /S. However,
    this is not a problem, because cmd.exe do not remove quotes if the first character is not a quote, and file names rarely start with quote (UPD: except when they have spaces in path, in that case file name is quoted by libuv and we have a bad time).
    The only problem with it is that presence of process.env.compspec is used instead of os.platform() to detect Windows (UPD: fixed in 0.0.2)

@ForbesLindesay

win-spawn was my attempt at this, although reading your last post (would probably be worth making into a blog post somewhere) I realise there would be a lot more work to do, it was just a quick hack to solve the problem I was having at the time.

@pllee
pllee commented Jan 31, 2014

Thanks for this thread it was a real time saver. @ForbesLindesay win-spawn worked like a charm, thanks.

@asfgit asfgit pushed a commit to apache/cordova-amazon-fireos that referenced this issue Feb 3, 2014
@agrieve agrieve CB-5801 Add spawn work-around on windows for it not being able to exe…
…cute .cmd files

More info: nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
5a0a8ab
@asfgit asfgit pushed a commit to apache/cordova-amazon-fireos that referenced this issue Feb 3, 2014
@agrieve agrieve CB-5801 Add spawn work-around on windows for it not being able to exe…
…cute .cmd files

More info: nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
c118ada
@yeputons

Wow, I've found a real-life case when /S and quoting the whole command may be considered interesting: cmd /C "C:\Program Files (x86)\Git\cmd\git.EXE" clone "hello world" - in this example, cmd cuts first and last quotes, leaving us with 'C:\Program' is not recognized as ...

I've described this in featurist/spawn-cmd#3

@Anachron

Still experiencing problems with this. What will we do about it?

@MarcDiethelm

I've made a module out of the very well written (I think) superspawn.js by Andrew Grieve which is part of Apache Cordova cli/coho. It works great so far. I think it's a very good starting point for a userland solution to this problem. Plus it uses promises. Please feel free to try it and to contribute.
https://github.com/MarcDiethelm/superspawn

@WernerWenz

It'd probably the simplest solution to change the CreateProcess call to something
like this pseudocode:

var com = getenv("COMSPEC");
var args = "/C \" + to_be_executed_commandline + "\"";
CreateProcessW(com, args)

This should execute to_be_executed_commandline as plain command.
As, according to cmd /help the normal behavior is to execute everything
between first and last quote:

    2.  Otherwise, old behavior is to see if the first character is
        a quote character and if so, strip the leading character and
        remove the last quote character on the command line, preserving
        any text after the last quote character.

This could as well make much of the pre-processing in process.c obsolete.

@yeputons

@WernerWenz in that case you should care about escaping arguments to the command by yourself. If I call spawn('rm', ['-rf', 'Hello World']) I expect that folder Hello World will be deleted. Thus, node has to escape space in the argument and call something like rm with arguments -rf "Hello World"

So, that's absolutely not the case. If you don't need arguments escaping, you can use child_process.exec, which works with PATHEXT correctly.

@WernerWenz

@yeputons unless I'm missing anything, it should perfectly work, as long you construct to_be_executed_commandline
the following way:

var  to_be_executed_commandline  = "\"" + escape(command) + "\"";
foreach (var arg in args) {
    to_be_executed_commandline   +=  "\"" + escape(arg)+ "\"";
}

This effecticley should happens to do the very same as typing

"command" "arg0" "arg1" ... "argn"

in a cmd shell.

As escape() you'd probably want to escape " as well as @<>|& (and possible other control sequences, I'm currently not aware) of.

process.c already seems to have the required logic to at least quote args via quote_cmd_arg.

Not escaping control chars would make

spawn('echo', ['Hello World', '>test.txt'])

print "Hello World" to a file, while escaping would print "Hello World >test.txt" to stdout.

@WernerWenz

The brute force method for escaping would be appending ^ before each character.

http://qntm.org/cmd shows a sample for escaping only the control characters.

http://blogs.msdn.com/b/twistylittlepassagesallalike/archive/2011/04/23/everyone-quotes-arguments-the-wrong-way.aspx gives quite some more in depth information about how cmd handles args.

@yeputons

@WernerWenz yep, that's it, as long as you deal with escaping manually. But why use spawn then and not exec? My point is that on Linux spawn works perfectly with any arguments, which are passed to applications as is (i.e. calling rf -rf "Test folder" does not require any quotes), because arguments are directly passed to applications without command line escaping/parsing, which is not the case on Windows. I think we would like same behavior on both OSes and spawn('echo', ['Hello World', '>test.txt']) should print Hello World >test.txt, because stream redirection is done by shell, not by application itself.

@WernerWenz

The Problem I've with employing exec over spawn is that I don't use node.js directly myself.
I'm having actually trouble with using a grunt task that happens to be a .bat rather than an .exe

Trying to work around the issues in the task runner is likely less straight than getting a proper and more consistent solution for spawn on windows.

I'm the same opinion regarding the echo example.

I'm however not sure how to deal with UV_PROCESS_WINDOWS_VERBATIM_ARGUMENTS in this context. It seems to override the escaping process.

It's also important to note, that when launching through cmd, that

spawn('hello.exe', ['^X'])

will require proper escaping. Otherwise cmd will invoke hello with X as arg rather than pass ^X.
Same is true for any other control sequences, as hello.exe shall be executed with the arguments as they are supplied.

UV_PROCESS_WINDOWS_VERBATIM_ARGUMENTS most likely would become deprecated/useless if I'd redirect the process creation though cmd.

@Spice-King Spice-King added a commit to Spice-King/atom that referenced this issue May 7, 2014
@Spice-King Spice-King Fix running .cmd stubs through BufferedProcess
ChildProcess.spawn only will run .exe files on Windows, not .cmd, .bat,
.anythingElse.

See nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318 for more information.
23269b3
@Spice-King Spice-King added a commit to Spice-King/atom that referenced this issue May 9, 2014
@Spice-King Spice-King Fix running .cmd stubs through BufferedProcess
ChildProcess.spawn only will run .exe files on Windows, not .cmd, .bat,
.anythingElse.

See nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318 for more information.
f9fe5ef
@lawnsea lawnsea referenced this issue in SpookyJS/SpookyJS May 9, 2014
Closed

new line character #95

@deltreey

Maybe it's just me, but this doesn't seem like a single issue, but 5 separate ones, all related to the way windows works:

  1. spawn does not use PATHEXT
    #2318 (comment)
  2. spawn causes wierd escape issues due to the way windows executes commands in a shell
    #2318 (comment)
  3. spawn doesn't execute non-executables in the windows shell (and this may not be desirable)
    #2318 (comment)
  4. spawn can potentially orphan grandchildren
    #2318 (comment)
  5. some node users want additional features, specifically related to the difference between spawn and exec
    #2318 (comment)

I know it's all related, but can we split this into smaller, more manageable chunks?

@yeputons

@deltreey

  1. It's not an issue with spawn or exec at all, I was just exploring different options of fixing the main one and found out that what exec do is very important in some cases, thus I've noted this case in my comment

  2. Btw, it's closely related to PATHEXT. There are just two options for resolving this point and no.1 - we either pass each call to cmd.exe or manually process PATHEXT and call CreateProcess, which, by coincedence, is able to run batch files.

4-5) Agree

@Anachron

I just can't believe this is still open.
What can we do in order for it getting resolved?

@Glavin001 Glavin001 added a commit to Glavin001/atom-beautify that referenced this issue Jun 12, 2015
@Glavin001 Glavin001 Fix Windows spawn issues, switch to cross-spawn
Fixes #379. sqlformat should not be able to be found and used.

See nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
f1a6892
@Glavin001 Glavin001 added a commit to Glavin001/atom-beautify that referenced this issue Jun 12, 2015
@Glavin001 Glavin001 Fix Windows spawn issues, switch to cross-spawn
Fixes #397. sqlformat should not be able to be found and used.

See nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
c93b1f8
@steelbrain

It's been years and this is still a bug, has it been fixed in io.js btw?

@alexturpin

Just reiterating that this issue is still well and alive.

@piscisaureus piscisaureus was unassigned by alexturpin Aug 5, 2015
@killanaca

hi, any news?

@jasnell
Member
jasnell commented Aug 26, 2015

@orangemocha ... would you have an opportunity to look at this one?

@orangemocha
Member

Yes, it's on my queue and I am aware of its importance.

@jasnell
Member
jasnell commented Aug 27, 2015

Ok. Just checking in :)

@xzyfer xzyfer added a commit to xzyfer/node-sass that referenced this issue Aug 31, 2015
@xzyfer xzyfer Standardise on cross-spawn for spawning child processes
There a known issues with `spawn` on Windows i.e. nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318.
As a work around we sometimes use
[cross-spawn](https://www.npmjs.com/package/cross-spawn). We will
move all usage of `spawn` to `cross-spawn`.
936f075
@xzyfer xzyfer added a commit to xzyfer/node-sass that referenced this issue Aug 31, 2015
@xzyfer xzyfer Standardise on cross-spawn for spawning child processes
There a known issues with `spawn` on Windows i.e. nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318.
As a work around we sometimes use
[cross-spawn](https://www.npmjs.com/package/cross-spawn). We will
move all usage of `spawn` to `cross-spawn`.
Closes #1015.
33b3a66
@waynebloss

Is this ever going to be fixed in v0.12.x or just in the latest version?

@jasnell
Member
jasnell commented Oct 6, 2015

@waynebloss ... unclear. hopefully this one will get done for v0.12 but it's going to depend entirely on @orangemocha's availability to take a look... unless someone else is able to step up and help resolve it.

@nyarasha

Any update on this bugfix? Just ran into it today and am going to have to do some hacky things to get this to work with Windows.

@AddoSolutions

In my case, I tried to package what is basically the boilerplate package, and whenever I removed the --icon-icon.ico flag, I stopped getting this error. Not sure if that is of any value to debugging this issue.

@black-snow black-snow referenced this issue in szwacz/electron-boilerplate Feb 6, 2016
Closed

DLL initialization failure (Windows) #96

@CrandellWS CrandellWS pushed a commit to CrandellWS/cordova-android-template that referenced this issue Feb 14, 2016
@agrieve agrieve CB-5801 Add spawn work-around on windows for it not being able to exe…
…cute .cmd files

More info: nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
58013a9
@UltCombo

Is this fixed by nodejs/node#4598 ?

@tjwebb
tjwebb commented May 9, 2016 edited

+1. I have to do this to run Windows binaries that do not end in .exe:

if (/win/.test(os.platform())) {
  command += ".cmd"
}
spawn(command, [ ... ])
@tjwebb tjwebb referenced this issue in trailsjs/trails May 9, 2016
Closed

Ecosystem CI doesn't run on Windows #188

@addaleax
Member

Does this still occur with current versions of Node.js? I don’t think there’s an open issue for this in the active repository at https://github.com/nodejs/node/issues. So either this has been fixed, or you may want to report it there, this repo here is no longer in use.

@timdp
timdp commented May 10, 2016

@tjwebb That won't work with .bat or anything else in PATHEXT. The most reliable solution is to use cross-spawn.

@cancerberoSgx
cancerberoSgx commented Jul 5, 2016 edited

+1 IMO this is an issue. If you can install something globally with npm then you should be able to execute it using spawn() in any OS. In my case I have to execute 'node node_modules/gulp/bin/gulp' instead of just 'gulp' - this is ugly in my integration tests that need to be run in windows....

@adriaanthomas adriaanthomas pushed a commit to adriaanthomas/npm-pkgr that referenced this issue Aug 10, 2016
Adriaan Thomas Fix extension on Windows
`child_process.spawn` needs the extension on Windows, see
nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318
4663185
@flyskywhy

This issue was resolved elegantly by adriaanthomas/npm-pkgr@4663185 , @adriaanthomas 👍

e.g. npm, just replace

spawn('npm', ...

by

spawn(/^win/.test(process.platform) ? 'npm.cmd' : 'npm', ...
@flyskywhy flyskywhy added a commit to flyskywhy/react-native that referenced this issue Sep 24, 2016
@flyskywhy flyskywhy Fix ENOENT when react-native init with --verbose on Windows
As facebook#5171 was reverted in facebook@521bd03 , ENOENT again in facebook#5169 , this commit fix it ref to nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318 (comment)
4b5c0bc
@UltCombo

@flyskywhy That's not actually a "fix", it is an ugly workaround in userland code that should be completely unnecessary if this Node.js issue was actually fixed.

In any case, as several people have explained, this issue is due to OS discrepancies in how they handle shell commands and executable files. I believe the closest thing to a real fix is the recently introduced child_process.spawn()'s shell option, as documented here. If this issue tracker is still maintained, I believe this issue can be closed.

@ghost Unknown added a commit to facebook/react-native that referenced this issue Sep 25, 2016
@flyskywhy flyskywhy Fix ENOENT when react-native init with --verbose on Windows
Summary:
As PR #5171 was reverted in 521bd03 for breaking reason, ENOENT again in issues #5169 , this commit fix it ref to nodejs/node-v0.x-archive#2318 (comment) , and this is the smallest change in file to fix such Windows platform specific bug tdzl2003 mkonicek snowdream sunnylqm
Closes #10086

Differential Revision: D3919761

Pulled By: bestander

fbshipit-source-id: b878bbade8142a87bd6703d485e501eb28761af5
2289909
@flyskywhy
flyskywhy commented Sep 25, 2016 edited

@UltCombo , OK, for short 😄 :

e.g. replace spawn('npm', ['-v'], {stdio: 'inherit'}) with:

  • for all node.js version:

    spawn(/^win/.test(process.platform) ? 'npm.cmd' : 'npm', ['-v'], {stdio: 'inherit'})
    
  • for node.js 5.x and later:

    spawn('npm', ['-v'], {stdio: 'inherit', shell: true})
    
@UltCombo

👍

By the way, I believe you can test process.platform === 'win32' without a regexp; The 64 bits versions of Windows are still part of the win32 platform, "64 bits" is just an extension of win32.

@flyskywhy

@UltCombo , I just learn this regexp from facebook/react-native@811079e which also trying to solve such spawn('npm'... ENOENT problem 😜

@rdig rdig referenced this issue in rdig/es6g-init Oct 26, 2016
Closed

Windows cannot spawn process w/o shell #17

@bzoz
Collaborator
bzoz commented Nov 8, 2016

Is this still an issue? Does adding {shell:true} fixes it?

@deltreey
deltreey commented Nov 8, 2016

@bzoz I expressed this as 5 separate issues here #2318 (comment) so we might use those as tests cases if we wanted to know if {shell: true} fixes it.

@bzoz
Collaborator
bzoz commented Nov 30, 2016

I did testing with current node, and:

I think we should close this issue and maybe have new ones opened for the remaining two items (grandchildren and additional features)

@bzoz
Collaborator
bzoz commented Dec 2, 2016

I'm closing this issue. You can always reopen it if needed.

@bzoz bzoz closed this Dec 2, 2016
@satazor
satazor commented Dec 2, 2016 edited

@bzoz when using shell:true you must escape everything manually, nodejs just joins the args and wraps them with quotes.

You should correct your comment because it misleads people into thinking escaping is done inside which isn't true.

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