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OpenFaaS - Serverless Functions Made Simple

Go Report Card Build Status GoDoc License: MIT OpenFaaS

OpenFaaS Logo

OpenFaaS® (Functions as a Service) is a framework for building Serverless functions with Docker and Kubernetes which has first-class support for metrics. Any process can be packaged as a function enabling you to consume a range of web events without repetitive boiler-plate coding.

Twitter URL

Highlights

  • Ease of use through UI portal and one-click install
  • Write functions in any language for Linux or Windows and package in Docker/OCI image format
  • Portable - runs on existing hardware or public/private cloud - Kubernetes and Docker Swarm native
  • CLI available with YAML format for templating and defining functions
  • Auto-scales as demand increases including to zero

Overview of OpenFaaS

Serverless Functions Made Simple.

Stack

Press / Branding / Sponsors

  • Press / Branding

    For information on branding, the press-kit, registered entities and sponsorship head over to the openfaas/media repo. You can also order custom SWAG or take part in the weekly Twitter contest #FaaSFriday

  • Looking for statistics? This project does not use a mono-repo, but is split across several components. Use Ken Fukuyama's dashboard to gather accurate counts on contributors, stars and forks across the GitHub organisation.

    Note: Incubator projects are not counted in these totals and are hosted under openfaas-incubator awaiting graduation.

  • Support for OpenFaaS OpenFaaS is free to use and completely open source under the MIT license. You can donate to the project to fund its ongoing development or become a sponsor. Support OpenFaaS

Governance

OpenFaaS® is an independent project founded by Alex Ellis which is now being built and shaped by a growing community of contributors, GitHub Organisation members, Core contributors and end-users. More at: openfaas.com.

Users

View our end-users or get in touch to have your company added.

Please support OpenFaaS on Patreon) and back a great community at the same time. You will be listed as a backers or sponsor here.

Thank you for your support.

Technical overview

Function Watchdog

  • You can make any Docker image into a serverless function by adding the Function Watchdog (a tiny Golang HTTP server)
  • The Function Watchdog is the entrypoint allowing HTTP requests to be forwarded to the target process via STDIN or HTTP. The response is sent back to the caller by writing to STDOUT or HTTP from your application.

API Gateway / UI Portal

  • The API Gateway provides an external route into your functions and collects Cloud Native metrics through Prometheus.
  • Your API Gateway will scale functions according to demand by altering the service replica count in the Docker Swarm or Kubernetes API.
  • A UI is baked in allowing you to invoke functions in your browser and create new ones as needed.

The API Gateway is a RESTful micro-service and you can view the Swagger docs here.

CLI

Any container or process in a Docker container can be a serverless function in FaaS. Using the FaaS CLI you can deploy your functions quickly.

Create new functions from templates for Node.js, Python, Go and many more. If you can't find a suitable template you can also use a Dockerfile.

The CLI is effectively a RESTful client for the API Gateway.

When you have OpenFaaS configured you can get started with the CLI here

Function examples

You can generate new functions using the FaaS-CLI and built-in templates or use any binary for Windows or Linux in a Docker container.

Official templates exist for many popular languages and are easily extensible with Dockerfiles. Here is an example with Python 3 and Node.js:

  • Python 3 example:
import requests

def handle(req):
    r =  requests.get(req, timeout = 1)
    return "{} => {:d}".format(req, r.status_code)

handler.py

  • Node.js example:
"use strict"

module.exports = (callback, context) => {
    var err;
    callback(err, {"message": "You said: " + context})
}

handler.js

The easiest way to get started with functions is to take the workshop or one of the tutorials in the documentation.

Get started with OpenFaaS

Official documentation and blog

See our documentation on docs.openfaas.com. The source repository for the documentation website is openfaas/docs.

Read latest news on OpenFaaS from the community blog

Hands-on labs (detailed getting started)

You can learn how to build functions with OpenFaaS using our hands-on labs in the OpenFaaS workshop.

TestDrive (classic getting started)

Kubernetes

OpenFaaS is Kubernetes-native - you can follow the deployment guide here.

Docker Swarm

The deployment guide for Docker Swarm contains a simple one-line command to get you up and running in around 60 seconds. It also includes a set of sample functions which you can use with the TestDrive instructions below.

Deployment guide for Docker Swarm

Docker Playground

You can quickly start OpenFaaS on Docker Swarm online using the community-run Docker playground: Play-with-Docker (PWD)

Simply follow the deployment guide for Swarm above in a new session

You will need a free Docker Hub account to get access. Get one here: Docker Hub

Begin the TestDrive

Here is a screenshot of the API gateway portal - designed for ease of use with the inception function.

Portal

Find out more about OpenFaaS

Digital Transformation of Vision Banco Paraguay with Serverless Functions @ KubeCon late-2018

HD video co-presenting at KubeCon with Patricio Diaz Senior Analyst, Vision Banco SAECA

Serverless Beyond the Hype (goto Copenhagen) late-2018

Overview of the Serverless landscape for Kubernetes, OpenFaaS and OpenFaaS Cloud with live demos and most update information. View on Android or iPhone

The Cube interview @ DevNet Create mid-2018

TechFieldDay presentation (Dockercon EU) late-2017

15 minute overview with demos on Kubernetes and with Alexa - HD YouTube video

Closing Keynote at Dockercon early-2017

Functions as a Service or FaaS was a winner in the Cool Hacks contest for Dockercon 2017.

If you'd like to find the functions I used in the demos head over to the faas-dockercon repository.

Background story

Community

Have you written a blog about OpenFaaS? Send a Pull Request to the community page below.

If you'd like to join OpenFaaS community Slack channel to chat with contributors or get some help then check out this page on community.

Roadmap and contributing

OpenFaaS is written in Golang and is MIT licensed - contributions are welcomed whether that means providing feedback, testing existing and new feature or hacking on the source.

How do I become a contributor?

Please see the guide on community & contributing

Roadmap

The roadmap for OpenFaaS is represented in GitHub issues and a Trello board. There is also a historical ROADMAP file in the main faas repository.

Roadmap: OpenFaaS Cloud

OpenFaaS Cloud is a platform built on top of the OpenFaaS framework which enables a multi-user experience driven by GitOps. It can be installed wherever you already have OpenFaaS and packages a dashboard along with CI/CD integration with GitHub so that you can push code to a private or public Git repo and get live HTTPS endpoints.

Dashboards

Example of a Grafana dashboards linked to OpenFaaS showing auto-scaling live in action: here

An alternative community dashboard is available here

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