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CLI command syntax

This page explains gobgp client command syntax.

basic command pattern

gobgp <subcommand> <object> opts...

gobgp has the following subcommands.

1. global subcommand

1.1 Global Configuration

syntax

# configure global setting and start acting as bgp daemon
% gobgp global as <VALUE> router-id <VALUE> [listen-port <VALUE>] [listen-addresses <VALUE>...] [mpls-label-min <VALUE>] [mpls-label-max <VALUE>]
# delete global setting and stop acting as bgp daemon (all peer sessions will be closed)
% gobgp global del all
# show global setting
% gobgp global

1.2. Operations for Global-Rib - add/del/show -

- syntax

# add Route
% gobgp global rib add <prefix> [-a <address family>]
# delete a specific Route
% gobgp global rib del <prefix> [-a <address family>]
# delete all locally generated routes
% gobgp global rib del all [-a <address family>]
# show all Route information
% gobgp global rib [-a <address family>]
# show a specific route information
% gobgp global rib [<prefix>|<host>] [longer-prefixes|shorter-prefixes] [-a <address family>]
# show table summary
% gobgp global rib summary [-a <address family>]

- example

If you want to add routes with the address of the ipv4 to global rib:

% gobgp global rib add 10.33.0.0/16 -a ipv4

If you want to remove routes with the address of the ipv6 from global rib:

% gobgp global rib del 2001:123:123:1::/64 -a ipv6

more examples

% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 origin igp
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 origin egp
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 aspath 10,20,100.100
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 aspath "10 20 {30,40} 50"
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 nexthop 20.20.20.20
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 med 10
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 local-pref 110
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 community 100:100
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 community 100:100,200:200
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 community no-export
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 community blackhole
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 aigp metric 200
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 large-community 100:100:100
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 large-community 100:100:100,200:200:200
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4 10.0.0.0/24 identifier 10
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4-mpls 10.0.0.0/24 100
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4-mpls 10.0.0.0/24 100/200
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4-mpls 10.0.0.0/24 100 nexthop 20.20.20.20
% gobgp global rib add -a ipv4-mpls 10.0.0.0/24 100 med 10
% gobgp global rib add -a vpnv4 10.0.0.0/24 label 10 rd 100:100
% gobgp global rib add -a vpnv4 10.0.0.0/24 label 10 rd 100.100:100
% gobgp global rib add -a vpnv4 10.0.0.0/24 label 10 rd 10.10.10.10:100
% gobgp global rib add -a vpnv4 10.0.0.0/24 label 10 rd 100:100 rt 100:200
% gobgp global rib add -a opaque key hello value world

- option

The following options can be specified in the global subcommand:

short long description default
a address-family specify any one from among ipv4, ipv6, vpnv4, vpnv6, ipv4-labeled, ipv6-labeled, evpn, encap, rtc, ipv4-flowspec, ipv6-flowspec, l2vpn-flowspec, opaque ipv4

Also, refer to the following for the detail syntax of each address family.

2. neighbor subcommand

2.1. Show Neighbor Status

- syntax

# show neighbor's status as list
% gobgp neighbor
# show status of a specific neighbor
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address>

2.2. Operations for neighbor - shutdown/reset/softreset/enable/disable -

- syntax

# add neighbor
% gobgp neighbor add { <neighbor address> | interface <ifname> } as <as number> [ vrf <vrf-name> | route-reflector-client [<cluster-id>] | route-server-client | allow-own-as <num> | remove-private-as (all|replace) | replace-peer-as | ebgp-multihop-ttl <ttl>]
# delete neighbor
% gobgp neighbor delete { <neighbor address> | interface <ifname> }
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> softreset [-a <address family>]
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> softresetin [-a <address family>]
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> softresetout [-a <address family>]
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> enable
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> disable
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> reset

- option

The following options can be specified in the neighbor subcommand:

short long description default
a address-family specify any one from among ipv4, ipv6, vpnv4, vpnv6, ipv4-labeled, ipv6-labeld, evpn, encap, rtc, ipv4-flowspec, ipv6-flowspec, l2vpn-flowspec, opaque ipv4

2.3. Show Rib - local-rib/adj-rib-in/adj-rib-out -

- syntax

# show all routes in [local|adj-in|adj-out] table
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> [local|adj-in|adj-out] [-a <address family>]
# show a specific route in [local|adj-in|adj-out] table
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> [local|adj-in|adj-out] [<prefix>|<host>] [longer-prefixes|shorter-prefixes] [-a <address family>]
# show table summary
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> [local|adj-in|adj-out] summary [-a <address family>]
# show RPKI detailed information in adj-in table
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> adj-in <prefix> validation

- example

If you want to show the local rib of ipv4 that neighbor(10.0.0.1) has:

% gobgp neighbor 10.0.0.1 local -a ipv4

- option

The following options can be specified in the neighbor subcommand:

short long description default
a address-family specify any one from among ipv4, ipv6, vpnv4, vpnv6, ipv4-labeled, ipv6-labeld, evpn, encap, rtc, ipv4-flowspec, ipv6-flowspec, l2vpn-flowspec, opaque ipv4

2.4. Operations for Policy - add/del/show -

Syntax

# show neighbor policy assignment
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> policy { in | import | export }
# add policies to specific neighbor policy
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> policy { in | import | export } add <policy name>... [default { accept | reject }]
# set policies to specific neighbor policy
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> policy { in | import | export } set <policy name>... [default { accept | reject }]
# remove attached policies from specific neighbor policy
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> policy { in | import | export } del <policy name>...
# remove all policies from specific neighbor policy
% gobgp neighbor <neighbor address> policy { in | import | export } del

Example

If you want to add the import policy to neighbor(10.0.0.1):

% gobgp neighbor 10.0.0.1 policy import add policy1 policy2 default accept

You can specify multiple policy to neighbor separated by commas.

default <policy action> means the operation {accept | reject} in the case where the route does not match the conditions of the policy.

3. policy subcommand

3.1. Operations for PrefixSet - add/del/show -

Syntax

# add PrefixSet
% gobgp policy prefix add <prefix set name> <prefix> [<mask length range>]
# delete a PrefixSet
% gobgp policy prefix del <prefix set name>
# delete a prefix from specific PrefixSet
% gobgp policy prefix del <prefix set name> <prefix> [<mask length range>]
# show all PrefixSet information
% gobgp policy prefix
# show a specific PrefixSet
% gobgp policy prefix <prefix set name>

Example

If you want to add the PrefixSet:

% gobgp policy prefix add ps1 10.33.0.0/16 16..24

A PrefixSet it is possible to have multiple prefix, if you want to remove the PrefixSet to specify only PrefixSet name.

% gobgp policy prefix del ps1

If you want to remove one element(prefix) of PrefixSet, to specify a prefix in addition to the PrefixSet name.

% gobgp policy prefix del ps1 10.33.0.0/16

3.2. Operations for NeighborSet - add/del/show -

Syntax

# add NeighborSet
% gobgp policy neighbor add <neighbor set name> <neighbor address/prefix>
# delete a NeighborSet
% gobgp policy neighbor del <neighbor set name>
# delete a neighbor from a NeighborSet
% gobgp policy neighbor del <neighbor set name> <address>
# show all NeighborSet information
% gobgp policy neighbor
# show a specific NeighborSet information
% gobgp policy neighbor <neighbor set name>

Example

If you want to add the NeighborSet:

% gobgp policy neighbor add ns1 10.0.0.1

You can also specify a neighbor address range with the prefix representation:

% gobgp policy neighbor add ns 10.0.0.0/24

A NeighborSet is possible to have multiple address, if you want to remove the NeighborSet to specify only NeighborSet name.

% gobgp policy neighbor del ns1

If you want to remove one element(address) of NeighborSet, to specify a address in addition to the NeighborSet name.

% gobgp policy prefix del ns1 10.0.0.1

3.3. Operations for AsPathSet - add/del/show -

Syntax

# add AsPathSet
% gobgp policy as-path add <aspath set name> <as path>
# delete a specific AsPathSet
% gobgp policy as-path del <aspath set name>
# delete an as-path from a AsPathSet
% gobgp policy as-path del <aspath set name> <as path>
# show all AsPathSet information
% gobgp policy as-path
# show a specific AsPathSet information
% gobgp policy as-path <aspath set name>

Example

If you want to add the AsPathSet:

% gobgp policy as-path add ass1 ^65100

You can specify the position using regexp-like expression as follows:

  • From: ^65100 means the route is passed from AS 65100 directly.
  • Any: _65100_ means the route comes through AS 65100.
  • Origin: _65100$ means the route is originated by AS 65100.
  • Only: ^65100$ means the route is originated by AS 65100 and comes from it directly.

Further you can specify the consecutive aspath and use regexp in each element as follows:

  • ^65100_65001
  • 65100_[0-9]+_.*$
  • ^6[0-9]_5.*_65.?00$

An AsPathSet it is possible to have multiple as path, if you want to remove the AsPathSet to specify only AsPathSet name.

% gobgp policy as-path del ass1

If you want to remove one element(as path) of AsPathSet, to specify an as path in addition to the AsPathSet name.

% gobgp policy as-path del ass1 ^65100

3.4. Operations for CommunitySet - add/del/show -

Syntax

# add CommunitySet
% gobgp policy community add <community set name> <community>
# delete a specific CommunitySet
% gobgp policy community del <community set name>
# delete a community from a CommunitySet
% gobgp policy community del <community set name> <community>
# show all CommunitySet information
% gobgp policy community
# show a specific CommunitySet information
% gobgp policy community <community set name>

Example

If you want to add the CommunitySet:

% gobgp policy community add cs1 65100:10

You can specify the position using regexp-like expression as follows:

  • 6[0-9]+:[0-9]+
  • ^[0-9]*:300$

A CommunitySet it is possible to have multiple community, if you want to remove the CommunitySet to specify only CommunitySet name.

% gobgp policy neighbor del cs1

If you want to remove one element(community) of CommunitySet, to specify a address in addition to the CommunitySet name.

% gobgp policy prefix del cs1 65100:10

3.5. Operations for ExtCommunitySet - add/del/show -

Syntax

# add ExtCommunitySet
% gobgp policy ext-community add <extended community set name> <extended community>
# delete a specific ExtCommunitySet
% gobgp policy ext-community del <extended community set name>
# delete a ext-community from a ExtCommunitySet
% gobgp policy ext-community del <extended community set name> <extended community>
# show all ExtCommunitySet information
% gobgp policy ext-community
# show a specific ExtCommunitySet information
% gobgp policy ext-community <extended community set name>

Example

If you want to add the ExtCommunitySet:

% gobgp policy ext-community add ecs1 RT:65100:10

Extended community set as <SubType>:<Global Admin>:<LocalAdmin>.

If you read the RFC4360 and RFC7153, you can know more about Extended community.

You can specify the position using regexp-like expression as follows:

  • RT:[0-9]+:[0-9]+
  • SoO:10.0.10.10:[0-9]+

However, regular expressions for subtype can not be used, to use for the global admin and local admin.

A ExtCommunitySet it is possible to have multiple extended community, if you want to remove the ExtCommunitySet to specify only ExtCommunitySet name.

% gobgp policy neighbor del ecs1

If you want to remove one element(extended community) of ExtCommunitySet, to specify a address in addition to the ExtCommunitySet name.

% gobgp policy prefix del ecs1 RT:65100:10

3.6. Operations for LargeCommunitySet - add/del/show -

Syntax

# add LargeCommunitySet
% gobgp policy large-community add <set name> <large community>...
# delete a specific LargeCommunitySet
% gobgp policy large-community del <set name>
# delete a large-community from a LargeCommunitySet
% gobgp policy large-community del <set name> <large community>
# show all LargeCommunitySet information
% gobgp policy large-community
# show a specific LargeCommunitySet information
% gobgp policy large-community <set name>

Example

% gobgp policy large-community add l0 100:100:100
% gobgp policy large-community add l0 ^100:
% gobgp policy large-community add l0 :100$
% gobgp policy large-community del l0 100:100:100
% gobgp policy large-community add l0 200:100:100
% gobgp policy large-community
% gobgp policy large-community set l0 100:100:100 200:200:200 300:300:300

3.7 Statement Operation - add/del/show -

Syntax

# mod statement
% gobgp policy statement { add | del } <statement name>
# mod a condition to a statement
% gobgp policy statement <statement name> { add | del | set } condition { { prefix | neighbor | as-path | community | ext-community | large-community } <set name> [{ any | all | invert }] | as-path-length <len> { eq | ge | le } | rpki { valid | invalid | not-found } | next-hop-in-list <next-hop>[, <next-hop2>, ...] | afi-safi-in { <afi-safi>... } }
# mod an action to a statement
% gobgp policy statement <statement name> { add | del | set } action { reject | accept | { community | ext-community | large-community } { add | remove | replace } <value>... | med { add | sub | set } <value> | local-pref <value> | as-prepend { <asn> | last-as } <repeat-value> }
# show all statements
% gobgp policy statement
# show a specific statement
% gobgp policy statement <statement name>

3.8 Policy Operation - add/del/show -

Syntax

# mod policy
% gobgp policy { add | del | set } <policy name> [<statement name>...]
# show all policies
% gobgp policy
# show a specific policy
% gobgp policy <policy name>

4. vrf subcommand

4.1 Add/Delete/Show VRF

Syntax

# add vrf
% gobgp vrf add <vrf name> rd <rd> rt {import|export|both} <rt>...
# del vrf
% gobgp vrf del <vrf name>
# show vrf
% gobgp vrf

Example

% gobgp vrf add vrf1 rd 10.100:100 rt both 10.100:100 import 10.100:101 export 10.100:102
% gobgp vrf
  Name                 RD                   Import RT                  Export RT
  vrf1                 10.100:100           10.100:100, 10.100:101     10.100:100, 10.100:102
% gobgp vrf del vrf1
% gobgp vrf
  Name                 RD                   Import RT            Export RT

4.2 Add/Delete/Show VRF routes

Syntax

# add routes to vrf
% gobgp vrf <vrf name> rib add <prefix> [-a <address family>]
# del routes from vrf
% gobgp vrf <vrf name> rib del <prefix> [-a <address family>]
# show routes in vrf
% gobgp vrf <vrf name> rib [-a <address family>]

Example

% gobgp vrf vrf1 rib add 10.0.0.0/24
% gobgp vrf vrf1 rib add 2001::/64 -a ipv6
% gobgp vrf vrf1 rib
  Network                Next Hop             AS_PATH              Age        Attrs
  10.100:100:10.0.0.0/24 0.0.0.0                                   00:00:40   [{Origin: i} {Extcomms: [10.100:100], [10.100:101]}]
% gobgp vrf vrf1 rib -a ipv6
  Network              Next Hop             AS_PATH              Age        Attrs
  10.100:100:2001::/64 ::                                        00:00:00   [{Origin: i} {Extcomms: [10.100:100], [10.100:101]}]
% gobgp vrf vrf1 rib del 10.0.0.0/24
% gobgp vrf vrf1 rib del 2001::/64

5. monitor subcommand

5.1 monitor global rib

Syntax

# monitor global rib
% gobgp monitor global rib [-a <address family>] [--current]

Example

[TERM1]
% gobgp monitor global rib
[ROUTE] 10.0.0.0/24 via 0.0.0.0 aspath [] attrs [{Origin: i}]

[TERM2]
# monitor command blocks. add routes from another terminal
% gobgp global rib add 10.0.0.0/24

5.2 monitor neighbor status

Syntax

# monitor neighbor status
% gobgp monitor neighbor [--current]
# monitor specific neighbor status
% gobgp monitor neighbor <neighbor address> [--current]

Example

[TERM1]
% gobgp monitor neighbor
[NEIGH] 192.168.10.2 fsm: BGP_FSM_IDLE admin: down
[NEIGH] 192.168.10.2 fsm: BGP_FSM_ACTIVE admin: up
[NEIGH] 192.168.10.2 fsm: BGP_FSM_OPENSENT admin: up
[NEIGH] 192.168.10.2 fsm: BGP_FSM_OPENCONFIRM admin: up
[NEIGH] 192.168.10.2 fsm: BGP_FSM_ESTABLISHED admin: up

[TERM2]
% gobgp neighbor 192.168.10.2 disable
% gobgp neighbor 192.168.10.2 enable

5.3 monitor Adj-RIB-In

Syntax

# monitor Adj-RIB-In
% gobgp monitor adj-in [-a <address family>] [--current]
# monitor Adj-RIB-In for specific neighbor
% gobgp monitor adj-in <neighbor address> [-a <address family>] [--current]

Example

[GoBGP1]
% gobgp monitor adj-in
[ROUTE] 0:10.2.1.0/24 via 10.0.0.2 aspath [65002] attrs [{Origin: ?}]
[DELROUTE] 0:10.2.1.0/24 via <nil> aspath [] attrs []

[GoBGP2]
% gobgp global rib -a ipv4 add 10.2.1.0/24
% gobgp global rib -a ipv4 del 10.2.1.0/24

6. mrt subcommand

6.1 inject mrt records

Syntax

% gobgp mrt inject global <filename> [<count>]

Example

see MRT.