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Running GoBGP

This page explains how to run GoBGP. This example sets up GoBGP to connect with two eBGP peers for IPv4 routes. Even if you are interested in other GoBGP use cases (such as IPv6 routes, EVPN, and Route Server), this example gives you the basics of GoBGP usage.

Configuration

GoBGP can be configured via a configuration file or gRPC API. This example uses the following very simple configuration. All keys are case-insensitive. Default configuration format of GoBGP is toml. If you don't like toml, you can use json, yaml and hcl instead.

[global.config]
  as = 64512
  router-id = "192.168.255.1"

[[neighbors]]
  [neighbors.config]
    neighbor-address = "10.0.255.1"
    peer-as = 65001

[[neighbors]]
  [neighbors.config]
    neighbor-address = "10.0.255.2"
    peer-as = 65002

See Configuration Example for more complicated configuration.

Starting GoBGP

Save the configuration above as gobgpd.conf and start gobgpd:

$ sudo -E gobgpd -f gobgpd.conf
{"level":"info","msg":"Peer 10.0.255.1 is added","time":"2015-04-06T20:32:28+09:00"}
{"level":"info","msg":"Peer 10.0.255.2 is added","time":"2015-04-06T20:32:28+09:00"}

If you use a configuration format other than toml, you must specify the format by -t option.

equivalent yaml configuration.

global:
    config:
        as: 64512
        router-id: 192.168.255.1
neighbors:
    - config:
        neighbor-address: 10.0.255.1
        peer-as: 65001
    - config:
        neighbor-address: 10.0.255.2
        peer-as: 65002
$ sudo -E gobgpd -t yaml -f gobgpd.yml
{"level":"info","msg":"Peer 10.0.255.1 is added","time":"2015-04-06T20:32:28+09:00"}
{"level":"info","msg":"Peer 10.0.255.2 is added","time":"2015-04-06T20:32:28+09:00"}

Let's show the information of all the peers.

$ gobgp neighbor
Peer          AS  Up/Down State       |#Advertised Received Accepted
10.0.255.1 65001 00:00:14 Establ      |          1        5        5
10.0.255.2 65002 00:00:14 Establ      |          5        2        2

Want to see the details of a particular peer?

$ gobgp neighbor 10.0.255.1
BGP neighbor is 10.0.255.1, remote AS 65001
  BGP version 4, remote router ID 192.168.0.1
  BGP state = BGP_FSM_ESTABLISHED, up for 00:01:49
  BGP OutQ = 0, Flops = 0
  Neighbor capabilities:
    MULTIPROTOCOL: advertised and received
    ROUTE_REFRESH: advertised and received
    FOUR_OCTET_AS_NUMBER: advertised and received
    ROUTE_REFRESH_CISCO: received
  Message statistics:
                         Sent       Rcvd
    Opens:                  2          1
    Notifications:          0          0
    Updates:                1          1
    Keepalives:             4          5
    Route Refresh:          0          0
    Discarded:              0          0
    Total:                  7          7

Check out the global table.

$ gobgp global rib
   Network            Next Hop        AS_PATH    Age        Attrs
*> 10.3.0.0/16        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
*> 10.3.0.0/24        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
*  10.3.0.0/24        10.0.255.2      [65002]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 111} {Community: [65001:65002 NO_EXPORT]}]
*> 10.3.0.0/32        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
*> 10.3.0.1/32        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
*> 10.33.0.0/16       10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
*> 192.168.2.0/24     10.0.255.2      [65002]    00:05:41   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 111} {Community: [65001:65002 NO_EXPORT]}]

You also can look at adjacent rib-in and rib-out:

$ gobgp neighbor 10.0.255.1 adj-in
   Network            Next Hop        AS_PATH    Age        Attrs
   10.3.0.0/16        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:06:55   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
   10.3.0.0/24        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:06:55   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
   10.3.0.0/32        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:06:55   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
   10.3.0.1/32        10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:06:55   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
   10.33.0.0/16       10.0.255.1      [65001]    00:06:55   [{Origin: 0} {Med: 0}]
$ gobgp neighbor 10.0.255.1 adj-out
   Network            Next Hop        AS_PATH    Attrs
   192.168.2.0/24     10.0.255.254    [64512 65002] [{Origin: 0} {Community: [65001:65002 NO_EXPORT]}]