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%%% Modification of BibTeX style file /usr/local/texlive/2007/texmf-dist/bibtex/bst/base/plain.bst
%%% ... by urlbst, version 0.6-1 (marked with "% urlbst")
%%% See <http://purl.org/nxg/dist/urlbst>
%%% Added webpage entry type, and url and lastchecked fields.
%%% Added eprint support.
%%% Added DOI support.
%%% Added PUBMED support.
%%% Added hyperref support.
%%% Original headers follow...

% BibTeX standard bibliography style `plain'
% version 0.99a for BibTeX versions 0.99a or later, LaTeX version 2.09.
% Copyright (C) 1985, all rights reserved.
% Copying of this file is authorized only if either
% (1) you make absolutely no changes to your copy, including name, or
% (2) if you do make changes, you name it something other than
% btxbst.doc, plain.bst, unsrt.bst, alpha.bst, and abbrv.bst.
% This restriction helps ensure that all standard styles are identical.
% The file btxbst.doc has the documentation for this style.

ENTRY
  { address
    author
    booktitle
    chapter
    edition
    editor
    howpublished
    institution
    journal
    key
    month
    note
    number
    organization
    pages
    publisher
    school
    series
    title
    type
    volume
    year
    eprint % urlbst
    doi % urlbst
    pubmed % urlbst
    url % urlbst
    lastchecked % urlbst
  }
  {}
  { label }

INTEGERS { output.state before.all mid.sentence after.sentence after.block }

STRINGS { urlintro eprinturl eprintprefix doiprefix doiurl pubmedprefix pubmedurl openinlinelink closeinlinelink } % urlbst...
INTEGERS { hrefform inlinelinks makeinlinelink addeprints adddoiresolver addpubmedresolver }
% Following constants may be adjusted by hand, if desired
FUNCTION {init.urlbst.variables}
{
  "Available from: " 'urlintro := % prefix before URL
  "http://arxiv.org/abs/" 'eprinturl := % prefix to make URL from eprint ref
  "arXiv:" 'eprintprefix := % text prefix printed before eprint ref
  "http://dx.doi.org/" 'doiurl := % prefix to make URL from DOI
  "doi:" 'doiprefix := % text prefix printed before DOI ref
  "http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/" 'pubmedurl := % prefix to make URL from PUBMED
  "PMID:" 'pubmedprefix := % text prefix printed before PUBMED ref
  #1 'addeprints := % 0=no eprints; 1=include eprints
  #1 'adddoiresolver := % 0=no DOI resolver; 1=include it
  #1 'addpubmedresolver := % 0=no PUBMED resolver; 1=include it
  #2 'hrefform := % 0=no crossrefs; 1=hypertex xrefs; 2=hyperref refs
  #0 'inlinelinks := % 0=URLs explicit; 1=URLs attached to titles
  % the following are internal state variables, not config constants
  #0 'makeinlinelink := % state variable managed by setup.inlinelink
  "" 'openinlinelink := % ditto
  "" 'closeinlinelink := % ditto
}
INTEGERS {
  bracket.state
  outside.brackets
  open.brackets
  within.brackets
  close.brackets
}
% ...urlbst to here
FUNCTION {init.state.consts}
{ #0 'outside.brackets := % urlbst
  #1 'open.brackets :=
  #2 'within.brackets :=
  #3 'close.brackets :=

  #0 'before.all :=
  #1 'mid.sentence :=
  #2 'after.sentence :=
  #3 'after.block :=
}

STRINGS { s t }

% urlbst
FUNCTION {output.nonnull.original}
{ 's :=
  output.state mid.sentence =
    { ", " * write$ }
    { output.state after.block =
{ add.period$ write$
newline$
"\newblock " write$
}
{ output.state before.all =
'write$
{ add.period$ " " * write$ }
if$
}
      if$
      mid.sentence 'output.state :=
    }
  if$
  s
}

% urlbst...
% The following three functions are for handling inlinelink. They wrap
% a block of text which is potentially output with write$ by multiple
% other functions, so we don't know the content a priori.
% They communicate between each other using the variables makeinlinelink
% (which is true if a link should be made), and closeinlinelink (which holds
% the string which should close any current link. They can be called
% at any time, but start.inlinelink will be a no-op unless something has
% previously set makeinlinelink true, and the two ...end.inlinelink functions
% will only do their stuff if start.inlinelink has previously set
% closeinlinelink to be non-empty.
FUNCTION {setup.inlinelink}
{ makeinlinelink
    { hrefform #1 = % hypertex
        { "\special {html:<a href=" quote$ * url * quote$ * "> }{" * 'openinlinelink :=
          "\special {html:</a>}" 'closeinlinelink :=
          }
        { hrefform #2 = % hyperref
            { "\href{" url * "}{" * 'openinlinelink :=
              "}" 'closeinlinelink :=
              }
            'skip$
          if$ % hrefform #2 =
        }
      if$ % hrefform #1 =
      #0 'makeinlinelink :=
    }
    'skip$
 if$ % makeinlinelink
}
FUNCTION {add.inlinelink}
{ openinlinelink empty$
    'skip$
    { openinlinelink swap$ * closeinlinelink *
      "" 'openinlinelink :=
      }
  if$
}
FUNCTION {output.nonnull}
{ % Save the thing we've been asked to output
  's :=
  % If the bracket-state is close.brackets, then add a close-bracket to
  % what is currently at the top of the stack, and set bracket.state
  % to outside.brackets
  bracket.state close.brackets =
    { "]" *
      outside.brackets 'bracket.state :=
    }
    'skip$
  if$
  bracket.state outside.brackets =
    { % We're outside all brackets -- this is the normal situation.
      % Write out what's currently at the top of the stack, using the
      % original output.nonnull function.
      s
      add.inlinelink
      output.nonnull.original % invoke the original output.nonnull
    }
    { % Still in brackets. Add open-bracket or (continuation) comma, add the
      % new text (in s) to the top of the stack, and move to the close-brackets
      % state, ready for next time (unless inbrackets resets it). If we come
      % into this branch, then output.state is carefully undisturbed.
      bracket.state open.brackets =
        { " [" * }
        { ", " * } % bracket.state will be within.brackets
      if$
      s *
      close.brackets 'bracket.state :=
    }
  if$
}

% Call this function just before adding something which should be presented in
% brackets. bracket.state is handled specially within output.nonnull.
FUNCTION {inbrackets}
{ bracket.state close.brackets =
    { within.brackets 'bracket.state := } % reset the state: not open nor closed
    { open.brackets 'bracket.state := }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.lastchecked}
{ lastchecked empty$
    { "" }
    { inbrackets "cited " lastchecked * }
  if$
}
% ...urlbst to here

FUNCTION {output}
{ duplicate$ empty$
    'pop$
    'output.nonnull
  if$
}

FUNCTION {output.check}
{ 't :=
  duplicate$ empty$
    { pop$ "empty " t * " in " * cite$ * warning$ }
    'output.nonnull
  if$
}

FUNCTION {output.bibitem.original}
{ newline$
  "\bibitem{" write$
  cite$ write$
  "}" write$
  newline$
  ""
  before.all 'output.state :=
}

FUNCTION {fin.entry.original}
{ add.period$
  write$
  newline$
}

FUNCTION {new.block}
{ output.state before.all =
    'skip$
    { after.block 'output.state := }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {new.sentence}
{ output.state after.block =
    'skip$
    { output.state before.all =
'skip$
{ after.sentence 'output.state := }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {not}
{ { #0 }
    { #1 }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {and}
{ 'skip$
    { pop$ #0 }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {or}
{ { pop$ #1 }
    'skip$
  if$
}

FUNCTION {new.block.checka}
{ empty$
    'skip$
    'new.block
  if$
}

FUNCTION {new.block.checkb}
{ empty$
  swap$ empty$
  and
    'skip$
    'new.block
  if$
}

FUNCTION {new.sentence.checka}
{ empty$
    'skip$
    'new.sentence
  if$
}

FUNCTION {new.sentence.checkb}
{ empty$
  swap$ empty$
  and
    'skip$
    'new.sentence
  if$
}

FUNCTION {field.or.null}
{ duplicate$ empty$
    { pop$ "" }
    'skip$
  if$
}

FUNCTION {emphasize}
{ duplicate$ empty$
    { pop$ "" }
    { "{\em " swap$ * "}" * }
  if$
}

INTEGERS { nameptr namesleft numnames }

FUNCTION {format.names}
{ 's :=
  #1 'nameptr :=
  s num.names$ 'numnames :=
  numnames 'namesleft :=
    { namesleft #0 > }
    { s nameptr "{ff~}{vv~}{ll}{, jj}" format.name$ 't :=
      nameptr #1 >
{ namesleft #1 >
{ ", " * t * }
{ numnames #2 >
{ "," * }
'skip$
if$
t "others" =
{ " et~al." * }
{ " and " * t * }
if$
}
if$
}
't
      if$
      nameptr #1 + 'nameptr :=
      namesleft #1 - 'namesleft :=
    }
  while$
}

FUNCTION {format.authors}
{ author empty$
    { "" }
    { author format.names }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.editors}
{ editor empty$
    { "" }
    { editor format.names
      editor num.names$ #1 >
{ ", editors" * }
{ ", editor" * }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.title}
{ title empty$
    { "" }
    { title "t" change.case$ }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {n.dashify}
{ 't :=
  ""
    { t empty$ not }
    { t #1 #1 substring$ "-" =
{ t #1 #2 substring$ "--" = not
{ "--" *
t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
}
{ { t #1 #1 substring$ "-" = }
{ "-" *
t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
}
while$
}
if$
}
{ t #1 #1 substring$ *
t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
}
      if$
    }
  while$
}

FUNCTION {format.date}
{ year empty$
    { month empty$
{ "" }
{ "there's a month but no year in " cite$ * warning$
month
}
      if$
    }
    { month empty$
'year
{ month " " * year * }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.btitle}
{ title emphasize
}

FUNCTION {tie.or.space.connect}
{ duplicate$ text.length$ #3 <
    { "~" }
    { " " }
  if$
  swap$ * *
}

FUNCTION {either.or.check}
{ empty$
    'pop$
    { "can't use both " swap$ * " fields in " * cite$ * warning$ }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.bvolume}
{ volume empty$
    { "" }
    { "volume" volume tie.or.space.connect
      series empty$
'skip$
{ " of " * series emphasize * }
      if$
      "volume and number" number either.or.check
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.number.series}
{ volume empty$
    { number empty$
{ series field.or.null }
{ output.state mid.sentence =
{ "number" }
{ "Number" }
if$
number tie.or.space.connect
series empty$
{ "there's a number but no series in " cite$ * warning$ }
{ " in " * series * }
if$
}
      if$
    }
    { "" }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.edition}
{ edition empty$
    { "" }
    { output.state mid.sentence =
{ edition "l" change.case$ " edition" * }
{ edition "t" change.case$ " edition" * }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

INTEGERS { multiresult }

FUNCTION {multi.page.check}
{ 't :=
  #0 'multiresult :=
    { multiresult not
      t empty$ not
      and
    }
    { t #1 #1 substring$
      duplicate$ "-" =
      swap$ duplicate$ "," =
      swap$ "+" =
      or or
{ #1 'multiresult := }
{ t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't := }
      if$
    }
  while$
  multiresult
}

FUNCTION {format.pages}
{ pages empty$
    { "" }
    { pages multi.page.check
{ "pages" pages n.dashify tie.or.space.connect }
{ "page" pages tie.or.space.connect }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.vol.num.pages}
{ volume field.or.null
  number empty$
    'skip$
    { "(" number * ")" * *
      volume empty$
{ "there's a number but no volume in " cite$ * warning$ }
'skip$
      if$
    }
  if$
  pages empty$
    'skip$
    { duplicate$ empty$
{ pop$ format.pages }
{ ":" * pages n.dashify * }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.chapter.pages}
{ chapter empty$
    'format.pages
    { type empty$
{ "chapter" }
{ type "l" change.case$ }
      if$
      chapter tie.or.space.connect
      pages empty$
'skip$
{ ", " * format.pages * }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.in.ed.booktitle}
{ booktitle empty$
    { "" }
    { editor empty$
{ "In " booktitle emphasize * }
{ "In " format.editors * ", " * booktitle emphasize * }
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {empty.misc.check}
{ author empty$ title empty$ howpublished empty$
  month empty$ year empty$ note empty$
  and and and and and
  key empty$ not and
    { "all relevant fields are empty in " cite$ * warning$ }
    'skip$
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.thesis.type}
{ type empty$
    'skip$
    { pop$
      type "t" change.case$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.tr.number}
{ type empty$
    { "Technical Report" }
    'type
  if$
  number empty$
    { "t" change.case$ }
    { number tie.or.space.connect }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.article.crossref}
{ key empty$
    { journal empty$
{ "need key or journal for " cite$ * " to crossref " * crossref *
warning$
""
}
{ "In {\em " journal * "\/}" * }
      if$
    }
    { "In " key * }
  if$
  " \cite{" * crossref * "}" *
}

FUNCTION {format.crossref.editor}
{ editor #1 "{vv~}{ll}" format.name$
  editor num.names$ duplicate$
  #2 >
    { pop$ " et~al." * }
    { #2 <
'skip$
{ editor #2 "{ff }{vv }{ll}{ jj}" format.name$ "others" =
{ " et~al." * }
{ " and " * editor #2 "{vv~}{ll}" format.name$ * }
if$
}
      if$
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.book.crossref}
{ volume empty$
    { "empty volume in " cite$ * "'s crossref of " * crossref * warning$
      "In "
    }
    { "Volume" volume tie.or.space.connect
      " of " *
    }
  if$
  editor empty$
  editor field.or.null author field.or.null =
  or
    { key empty$
{ series empty$
{ "need editor, key, or series for " cite$ * " to crossref " *
crossref * warning$
"" *
}
{ "{\em " * series * "\/}" * }
if$
}
{ key * }
      if$
    }
    { format.crossref.editor * }
  if$
  " \cite{" * crossref * "}" *
}

FUNCTION {format.incoll.inproc.crossref}
{ editor empty$
  editor field.or.null author field.or.null =
  or
    { key empty$
{ booktitle empty$
{ "need editor, key, or booktitle for " cite$ * " to crossref " *
crossref * warning$
""
}
{ "In {\em " booktitle * "\/}" * }
if$
}
{ "In " key * }
      if$
    }
    { "In " format.crossref.editor * }
  if$
  " \cite{" * crossref * "}" *
}

% urlbst...
% Functions for making hypertext links.
% In all cases, the stack has (link-text href-url)
%
% make 'null' specials
FUNCTION {make.href.null}
{
  pop$
}
% make hypertex specials
FUNCTION {make.href.hypertex}
{
  "\special {html:<a href=" quote$ *
  swap$ * quote$ * "> }" * swap$ *
  "\special {html:</a>}" *
}
% make hyperref specials
FUNCTION {make.href.hyperref}
{
  "\href {" swap$ * "} {\path{" * swap$ * "}}" *
}
FUNCTION {make.href}
{ hrefform #2 =
    'make.href.hyperref % hrefform = 2
    { hrefform #1 =
        'make.href.hypertex % hrefform = 1
        'make.href.null % hrefform = 0 (or anything else)
      if$
    }
  if$
}

% If inlinelinks is true, then format.url should be a no-op, since it's
% (a) redundant, and (b) could end up as a link-within-a-link.
FUNCTION {format.url}
{ inlinelinks #1 = url empty$ or
   { "" }
   { hrefform #1 =
       { % special case -- add HyperTeX specials
         urlintro "\url{" url * "}" * url make.href.hypertex * }
       { urlintro "\url{" * url * "}" * }
     if$
   }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.eprint}
{ eprint empty$
    { "" }
    { eprintprefix eprint * eprinturl eprint * make.href }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.doi}
{ doi empty$
    { "" }
    { doiprefix doi * doiurl doi * make.href }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {format.pubmed}
{ pubmed empty$
    { "" }
    { pubmedprefix pubmed * pubmedurl pubmed * make.href }
  if$
}

% Output a URL. We can't use the more normal idiom (something like
% `format.url output'), because the `inbrackets' within
% format.lastchecked applies to everything between calls to `output',
% so that `format.url format.lastchecked * output' ends up with both
% the URL and the lastchecked in brackets.
FUNCTION {output.url}
{ url empty$
    'skip$
    { new.block
      format.url output
      format.lastchecked output
    }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {output.web.refs}
{
  new.block
  output.url
  addeprints eprint empty$ not and
    { format.eprint output.nonnull }
    'skip$
  if$
  adddoiresolver doi empty$ not and
    { format.doi output.nonnull }
    'skip$
  if$
  addpubmedresolver pubmed empty$ not and
    { format.pubmed output.nonnull }
    'skip$
  if$
}

% Wrapper for output.bibitem.original.
% If the URL field is not empty, set makeinlinelink to be true,
% so that an inline link will be started at the next opportunity
FUNCTION {output.bibitem}
{ outside.brackets 'bracket.state :=
  output.bibitem.original
  inlinelinks url empty$ not and
    { #1 'makeinlinelink := }
    { #0 'makeinlinelink := }
  if$
}

% Wrapper for fin.entry.original
FUNCTION {fin.entry}
{ output.web.refs % urlbst
  makeinlinelink % ooops, it appears we didn't have a title for inlinelink
    { setup.inlinelink % add some artificial link text here, as a fallback
      "[link]" output.nonnull }
    'skip$
  if$
  bracket.state close.brackets = % urlbst
    { "]" * }
    'skip$
  if$
  fin.entry.original
}

% Webpage entry type.
% Title and url fields required;
% author, note, year, month, and lastchecked fields optional
% See references
% ISO 690-2 http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/iso/tc46sc9/standard/690-2e.htm
% http://www.classroom.net/classroom/CitingNetResources.html
% http://neal.ctstateu.edu/history/cite.html
% http://www.cas.usf.edu/english/walker/mla.html
% for citation formats for web pages.
FUNCTION {webpage}
{ output.bibitem
  author empty$
    { editor empty$
        'skip$ % author and editor both optional
        { format.editors output.nonnull }
      if$
    }
    { editor empty$
        { format.authors output.nonnull }
        { "can't use both author and editor fields in " cite$ * warning$ }
      if$
    }
  if$
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$
  format.title "title" output.check
  inbrackets "online" output
  new.block
  year empty$
    'skip$
    { format.date "year" output.check }
  if$
  % We don't need to output the URL details ('lastchecked' and 'url'),
  % because fin.entry does that for us, using output.web.refs. The only
  % reason we would want to put them here is if we were to decide that
  % they should go in front of the rather miscellaneous information in 'note'.
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}
% ...urlbst to here


FUNCTION {article}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  new.block
  crossref missing$
    { journal emphasize "journal" output.check
      format.vol.num.pages output
      format.date "year" output.check
    }
    { format.article.crossref output.nonnull
      format.pages output
    }
  if$
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {book}
{ output.bibitem
  author empty$
    { format.editors "author and editor" output.check }
    { format.authors output.nonnull
      crossref missing$
{ "author and editor" editor either.or.check }
'skip$
      if$
    }
  if$
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.btitle "title" output.check
  crossref missing$
    { format.bvolume output
      new.block
      format.number.series output
      new.sentence
      publisher "publisher" output.check
      address output
    }
    { new.block
      format.book.crossref output.nonnull
    }
  if$
  format.edition output
  format.date "year" output.check
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {booklet}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors output
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  howpublished address new.block.checkb
  howpublished output
  address output
  format.date output
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {inbook}
{ output.bibitem
  author empty$
    { format.editors "author and editor" output.check }
    { format.authors output.nonnull
      crossref missing$
{ "author and editor" editor either.or.check }
'skip$
      if$
    }
  if$
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.btitle "title" output.check
  crossref missing$
    { format.bvolume output
      format.chapter.pages "chapter and pages" output.check
      new.block
      format.number.series output
      new.sentence
      publisher "publisher" output.check
      address output
    }
    { format.chapter.pages "chapter and pages" output.check
      new.block
      format.book.crossref output.nonnull
    }
  if$
  format.edition output
  format.date "year" output.check
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {incollection}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  new.block
  crossref missing$
    { format.in.ed.booktitle "booktitle" output.check
      format.bvolume output
      format.number.series output
      format.chapter.pages output
      new.sentence
      publisher "publisher" output.check
      address output
      format.edition output
      format.date "year" output.check
    }
    { format.incoll.inproc.crossref output.nonnull
      format.chapter.pages output
    }
  if$
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {inproceedings}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  new.block
  crossref missing$
    { format.in.ed.booktitle "booktitle" output.check
      format.bvolume output
      format.number.series output
      format.pages output
      address empty$
{ organization publisher new.sentence.checkb
organization output
publisher output
format.date "year" output.check
}
{ address output.nonnull
format.date "year" output.check
new.sentence
organization output
publisher output
}
      if$
    }
    { format.incoll.inproc.crossref output.nonnull
      format.pages output
    }
  if$
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {conference} { inproceedings }

FUNCTION {manual}
{ output.bibitem
  author empty$
    { organization empty$
'skip$
{ organization output.nonnull
address output
}
      if$
    }
    { format.authors output.nonnull }
  if$
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.btitle "title" output.check
  author empty$
    { organization empty$
{ address new.block.checka
address output
}
'skip$
      if$
    }
    { organization address new.block.checkb
      organization output
      address output
    }
  if$
  format.edition output
  format.date output
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {mastersthesis}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  new.block
  "Master's thesis" format.thesis.type output.nonnull
  school "school" output.check
  address output
  format.date "year" output.check
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {misc}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors output
  title howpublished new.block.checkb
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title output
  howpublished new.block.checka
  howpublished output
  format.date output
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
  empty.misc.check
}

FUNCTION {phdthesis}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.btitle "title" output.check
  new.block
  "PhD thesis" format.thesis.type output.nonnull
  school "school" output.check
  address output
  format.date "year" output.check
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {proceedings}
{ output.bibitem
  editor empty$
    { organization output }
    { format.editors output.nonnull }
  if$
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.btitle "title" output.check
  format.bvolume output
  format.number.series output
  address empty$
    { editor empty$
{ publisher new.sentence.checka }
{ organization publisher new.sentence.checkb
organization output
}
      if$
      publisher output
      format.date "year" output.check
    }
    { address output.nonnull
      format.date "year" output.check
      new.sentence
      editor empty$
'skip$
{ organization output }
      if$
      publisher output
    }
  if$
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {techreport}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  new.block
  format.tr.number output.nonnull
  institution "institution" output.check
  address output
  format.date "year" output.check
  new.block
  note output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {unpublished}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  new.block
  title empty$ 'skip$ 'setup.inlinelink if$ % urlbst
  format.title "title" output.check
  new.block
  note "note" output.check
  format.date output
  fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {default.type} { misc }

MACRO {jan} {"January"}

MACRO {feb} {"February"}

MACRO {mar} {"March"}

MACRO {apr} {"April"}

MACRO {may} {"May"}

MACRO {jun} {"June"}

MACRO {jul} {"July"}

MACRO {aug} {"August"}

MACRO {sep} {"September"}

MACRO {oct} {"October"}

MACRO {nov} {"November"}

MACRO {dec} {"December"}

MACRO {acmcs} {"ACM Computing Surveys"}

MACRO {acta} {"Acta Informatica"}

MACRO {cacm} {"Communications of the ACM"}

MACRO {ibmjrd} {"IBM Journal of Research and Development"}

MACRO {ibmsj} {"IBM Systems Journal"}

MACRO {ieeese} {"IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering"}

MACRO {ieeetc} {"IEEE Transactions on Computers"}

MACRO {ieeetcad}
 {"IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits"}

MACRO {ipl} {"Information Processing Letters"}

MACRO {jacm} {"Journal of the ACM"}

MACRO {jcss} {"Journal of Computer and System Sciences"}

MACRO {scp} {"Science of Computer Programming"}

MACRO {sicomp} {"SIAM Journal on Computing"}

MACRO {tocs} {"ACM Transactions on Computer Systems"}

MACRO {tods} {"ACM Transactions on Database Systems"}

MACRO {tog} {"ACM Transactions on Graphics"}

MACRO {toms} {"ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software"}

MACRO {toois} {"ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems"}

MACRO {toplas} {"ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems"}

MACRO {tcs} {"Theoretical Computer Science"}

READ

FUNCTION {sortify}
{ purify$
  "l" change.case$
}

INTEGERS { len }

FUNCTION {chop.word}
{ 's :=
  'len :=
  s #1 len substring$ =
    { s len #1 + global.max$ substring$ }
    's
  if$
}

FUNCTION {sort.format.names}
{ 's :=
  #1 'nameptr :=
  ""
  s num.names$ 'numnames :=
  numnames 'namesleft :=
    { namesleft #0 > }
    { nameptr #1 >
{ " " * }
'skip$
      if$
      s nameptr "{vv{ } }{ll{ }}{ ff{ }}{ jj{ }}" format.name$ 't :=
      nameptr numnames = t "others" = and
{ "et al" * }
{ t sortify * }
      if$
      nameptr #1 + 'nameptr :=
      namesleft #1 - 'namesleft :=
    }
  while$
}

FUNCTION {sort.format.title}
{ 't :=
  "A " #2
    "An " #3
      "The " #4 t chop.word
    chop.word
  chop.word
  sortify
  #1 global.max$ substring$
}

FUNCTION {author.sort}
{ author empty$
    { key empty$
{ "to sort, need author or key in " cite$ * warning$
""
}
{ key sortify }
      if$
    }
    { author sort.format.names }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {author.editor.sort}
{ author empty$
    { editor empty$
{ key empty$
{ "to sort, need author, editor, or key in " cite$ * warning$
""
}
{ key sortify }
if$
}
{ editor sort.format.names }
      if$
    }
    { author sort.format.names }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {author.organization.sort}
{ author empty$
    { organization empty$
{ key empty$
{ "to sort, need author, organization, or key in " cite$ * warning$
""
}
{ key sortify }
if$
}
{ "The " #4 organization chop.word sortify }
      if$
    }
    { author sort.format.names }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {editor.organization.sort}
{ editor empty$
    { organization empty$
{ key empty$
{ "to sort, need editor, organization, or key in " cite$ * warning$
""
}
{ key sortify }
if$
}
{ "The " #4 organization chop.word sortify }
      if$
    }
    { editor sort.format.names }
  if$
}

FUNCTION {presort}
{ type$ "book" =
  type$ "inbook" =
  or
    'author.editor.sort
    { type$ "proceedings" =
'editor.organization.sort
{ type$ "manual" =
'author.organization.sort
'author.sort
if$
}
      if$
    }
  if$
  " "
  *
  year field.or.null sortify
  *
  " "
  *
  title field.or.null
  sort.format.title
  *
  #1 entry.max$ substring$
  'sort.key$ :=
}

ITERATE {presort}

SORT

STRINGS { longest.label }

INTEGERS { number.label longest.label.width }

FUNCTION {initialize.longest.label}
{ "" 'longest.label :=
  #1 'number.label :=
  #0 'longest.label.width :=
}

FUNCTION {longest.label.pass}
{ number.label int.to.str$ 'label :=
  number.label #1 + 'number.label :=
  label width$ longest.label.width >
    { label 'longest.label :=
      label width$ 'longest.label.width :=
    }
    'skip$
  if$
}

EXECUTE {initialize.longest.label}

ITERATE {longest.label.pass}

FUNCTION {begin.bib}
{ preamble$ empty$
    'skip$
    { preamble$ write$ newline$ }
  if$
  "\begin{thebibliography}{" longest.label * "}" * write$ newline$
}

EXECUTE {begin.bib}

EXECUTE {init.urlbst.variables}
EXECUTE {init.state.consts}

ITERATE {call.type$}

FUNCTION {end.bib}
{ newline$
  "\end{thebibliography}" write$ newline$
}

EXECUTE {end.bib}
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