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A set of Rails responders to dry up your application
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README.md

Responders

Gem Version Build Status Code Climate

A set of responders modules to dry up your Rails 4.2+ app.

Installation

Add the responders gem to your Gemfile:

gem "responders"

Update your bundle and run the install generator:

$ bundle install
$ rails g responders:install

If you are including this gem to support backwards compatibilty for responders in previous releases of Rails, you only need to include the gem and bundle.

$ bundle install

Responders Types

FlashResponder

Sets the flash based on the controller action and resource status. For instance, if you do: respond_with(@post) on a POST request and the resource @post does not contain errors, it will automatically set the flash message to "Post was successfully created" as long as you configure your I18n file:

  flash:
    actions:
      create:
        notice: "%{resource_name} was successfully created."
      update:
        notice: "%{resource_name} was successfully updated."
      destroy:
        notice: "%{resource_name} was successfully destroyed."
        alert: "%{resource_name} could not be destroyed."

In case the resource contains errors, you should use the failure key on I18n. This is useful to dry up flash messages from your controllers. Note: by default alerts for update and destroy actions are commented in generated I18n file. If you need a specific message for a controller, let's say, for PostsController, you can also do:

  flash:
    posts:
      create:
        notice: "Your post was created and will be published soon"

This responder is activated in all non get requests. By default it will use the keys :notice and :alert, but they can be changed in your application:

config.responders.flash_keys = [ :success, :failure ]

You can also have embedded HTML. Just create a _html scope.

  flash:
    actions:
      create:
        alert_html: "<strong>OH NOES!</strong> You did it wrong!"
    posts:
      create:
        notice_html: "<strong>Yay!</strong> You did it!"

See also the namespace_lookup option to search the full hierarchy of possible keys.

HttpCacheResponder

Automatically adds Last-Modified headers to API requests. This allows clients to easily query the server if a resource changed and if the client tries to retrieve a resource that has not been modified, it returns not_modified status.

CollectionResponder

Makes your create and update action redirect to the collection on success.

LocationResponder

This responder allows you to use callable objects as the redirect location. Useful when you want to use the respond_with method with a custom route that requires persisted objects, but the validation may fail.

Note: this responder is included by default, and doesn't need to be included on the top of your controller (including it will issue a deprecation warning).

class ThingsController < ApplicationController
  respond_to :html

  def create
    @thing = Thing.create(params[:thing])
    respond_with @thing, location: -> { thing_path(@thing) }
  end
end

Dealing with namespaced routes

In order for the LocationResponder to find the correct route helper for namespaced routes you need to pass the namespaces to respond_with:

class Api::V1::ThingsController < ApplicationController
  respond_to :json

  # POST /api/v1/things
  def create
    @thing = Thing.create(thing_params)
    respond_with :api, :v1, @thing
  end
end

Configuring your own responder

Responders only provides a set of modules and to use them you have to create your own responder. After you run the install command, the following responder will be generated in your application:

# lib/application_responder.rb
class ApplicationResponder < ActionController::Responder
  include Responders::FlashResponder
  include Responders::HttpCacheResponder
end

Your application also needs to be configured to use it:

# app/controllers/application_controller.rb
require "application_responder"

class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
  self.responder = ApplicationResponder
  respond_to :html
end

Controller method

This gem also includes the controller method responders, which allows you to cherry-pick which responders you want included in your controller.

class InvitationsController < ApplicationController
  responders :flash, :http_cache
end

Interpolation Options

You can pass in extra interpolation options for the translation by adding an interpolation_options method to your controller:

class InvitationsController < ApplicationController
  responders :flash, :http_cache

  def create
    @invitation = Invitation.create(params[:invitation])
    respond_with @invitation
  end

  private

  def interpolation_options
    { resource_name: @invitation.email }
  end
end

Now you would see the message "bob@bob.com was successfully created" instead of the default "Invitation was successfully created."

Generator

This gem also includes a responders controller generator, so your scaffold can be customized to use respond_with instead of default respond_to blocks. From 2.1, you need to explicitly opt-in to use this generator by adding the following to your config/application.rb:

config.app_generators.scaffold_controller :responders_controller

Examples

Want more examples ? Check out this blog posts:

Bugs and Feedback

If you discover any bugs or want to drop a line, feel free to create an issue on GitHub.

http://github.com/plataformatec/responders/issues

MIT License. Copyright 2009-2015 Plataformatec. http://plataformatec.com.br

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