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README

pgAdmin 4
=========

pgAdmin 4 is a rewrite of the popular pgAdmin3 management tool for the
PostgreSQL (http://www.postgresql.org) database. 

In the following documentation and examples, "$PGADMIN4_SRC/" is used to denote
the top-level directory of a copy of the pgAdmin source tree, either from a
tarball or a git checkout.

Architecture
------------

pgAdmin 4 is written as a web application in Python, using jQuery and Bootstrap
for the client side processing and UI. On the server side, Flask is being
utilised.

Although developed using web technologies, pgAdmin 4 can be deployed either on
a web server using a browser, or standalone on a workstation. The runtime/
subdirectory contains a QT based runtime application intended to allow this -
it is essentially a Python application server that runs in the system tray
and allows the user to connect to the application using their web browser.

Building the Runtime
--------------------

To build the runtime, the following packages must be installed:

- QT 4.6 or above
- Python 2.6, 2.7 or 3.4+

Assuming both qmake and python-config are in the path:

   $ cd $PGADMIN4_SRC/runtime
    $ qmake
    Project MESSAGE: Building for QT5+...
    Project MESSAGE: Building for Linux/Mac...
    Project MESSAGE: Using /usr/bin/python-config
    Project MESSAGE: Python2 detected.
    $ make
    ...

To build the runtime in debug mode, use the option below with qmake
$ qmake CONFIG+=debug

To build the runtime in release mode, use the option below with qmake
$ qmake CONFIG+=release

By default, the runtime application will be built in release mode.

On Linux, an executable called 'pgAdmin4' will be built, and on Mac OS X, an
app bundle called pgAdmin4.app will be created.

To build the runtime on a Windows system, export PYTHON_HOME and PYTHON_VERSION 
variables in the System environment. Specify the PYTHON_VERSION with the major 
and minor number. Do not specify micro level version.

For example, given a Python version of A.B.C; A - Major number, B - Minor
number, C - Micro level (Bug fix releases).

If Python version is 2.7.12 than specify PYTHON_VERSION=27

 e.g. PYTHON_HOME=C:\Python27\
      PYTHON_VERSION=27

You can also use Qt Creator to build, develop and debug the runtime. Simply
open the $PGADMIN4_SRC/runtime/pgAdmin4.pro project file in Qt Creator and
configure the project with a supported version of Qt when prompted.

Create Database Migrations
--------------------------

In order to make changes to the SQLite DB, navigate to the 'web' directory:

(pgadmin4) $ cd $PGADMIN4_SRC/web

Create a migration file with the following command:

(pgadmin4) $ FLASK_APP=pgAdmin4.py flask db revision

This will create a file in: $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/migrations/versions/ .
Add any changes to the 'upgrade' function.
Increment the SCHEMA_VERSION in $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/pgadmin/model/__init__.py file.

There is no need to increment the SETTINGS_SCHEMA_VERSION.

Configuring the Python Environment
----------------------------------

In order to run the Python code, a suitable runtime environment is required.
Python versions - Python 2.6, 2.7 or 3.3+ are currently supported. It is
recommended that a Python Virtual Environment is setup for this purpose,
rather than using the system Python environment. On Linux and Mac systems, the
process is fairly simple - adapt as required for your distribution:

1) Install the virtualenv packages into the system Python environment

    $ sudo pip install virtualenv virtualenvwrapper

2) Source the virtualenv wrapper tools script. You may want to add this command
   to your ~/.bash_profile file for future convenience:

    $ source /usr/local/bin/virtualenvwrapper.sh

3) Create a virtual environment:

    $ mkvirtualenv pgadmin4

   To make use of the virtual environment in the future, use the following
   command to re-activate it:

    $ workon pgadmin4

4) Ensure that a PostgreSQL installation's bin/ directory is in the path (so
   pg_config can be found for building psycopg2), and install the required
   packages:

    (pgadmin4) $ PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/pgsql/bin pip install -r $PGADMIN4_SRC/requirements.txt

   If you are planning to run the regression tests, you also need to install
   additional requirements from web/regression/requirements.txt:

   (pgadmin4) $ pip install -r $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/regression/requirements.txt

5) Create a local configuration file for pgAdmin. Edit
   $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/config_local.py and add any desired configuration options
   (use the config.py file as a reference - any settings duplicated in
   config_local.py will override those in config.py). A typical development
   configuration may look like:

    from config import *

    # Debug mode
    DEBUG = True

    # App mode
    SERVER_MODE = True

    # Enable the test module
    MODULE_BLACKLIST.remove('test')

    # Log
    CONSOLE_LOG_LEVEL = DEBUG
    FILE_LOG_LEVEL = DEBUG

    DEFAULT_SERVER = '127.0.0.1'

    UPGRADE_CHECK_ENABLED = True

    # Use a different config DB for each server mode.
    if SERVER_MODE == False:
        SQLITE_PATH = os.path.join(
            DATA_DIR,
            'pgadmin4-desktop.db'
        )
    else:
        SQLITE_PATH = os.path.join(
            DATA_DIR,
            'pgadmin4-server.db'
        )

   This configuration allows easy switching between server and desktop modes
   for testing.

6) The initial setup of the configuration database is interactive in server
   mode,  and non-interactive in desktop mode. You can run it either by
   running:

    (pgadmin4) $ python $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/setup.py

   or by starting pgAdmin 4:

    (pgadmin4) $ python $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/pgAdmin4.py

   Whilst it is possible to automatically run setup in desktop mode by running
   the runtime, that will not work in server mode as the runtime doesn't allow
   command line interaction with the setup program.

At this point you will be able to run pgAdmin 4 from the command line in either
server or desktop mode, and access it from a web browser using the URL shown in
the terminal once pgAdmin has started up.

Setup of an environment on Windows is somewhat more complicated unfortunately,
largely due to the lack of a native compiler toolset. Thankfully, Microsoft
supply a free compiler specifically for Python 2.7 users. Download and install
it from:

https://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/download/details.aspx?id=44266

A blog detailing the setup of Virtual Environments on Windows can be found
here:

http://www.tylerbutler.com/2012/05/how-to-install-python-pip-and-virtualenv-on-windows-with-powershell/

Once a virtual environment has been created and enabled, setup can continue
from step 4 above.

Building the Web Assets
-----------------------

pgAdmin is dependent on a number of third party Javascript libraries. These,
along with it's own Javascript code, SCSS/CSS code and images must be
compiled into a "bundle" which is transferred to the browser for execution
and rendering. This is far more efficient than simply requesting each
asset as it's needed by the client.

To create the bundle, you will need the 'yarn' package management tool to be
installed. Then, you can run the following commands on a *nix system to
download the required packages and build the bundle:

    (pgadmin4) $ cd $PGADMIN4_SRC
    (pgadmin4) $ make install-node
    (pgadmin4) $ make bundle

On Windows systems (where "make" is not available, the following commands
can be used:

    C:\> cd $PGADMIN4_SRC\web
    C:\$PGADMIN4_SRC\web> yarn install
    C:\$PGADMIN4_SRC\web> yarn run bundle

Configuring the Runtime
-----------------------

The pgAdmin 4 Runtime maintains it's own Python Path to avoid conflicts with
packages or other issues in the system Python installation. It will also search
a number of known locations for the pgAdmin4.py file needed to run pgAdmin
(including relative locations in a source code tree), however you can specify
an alternate path if needed.

If either a working environment or pgAdmin4.py cannot be found at startup, the
runtime will prompt for the locations. Alternatively, you can click the try
icon and select the Configuration option to open the configuration dialogue.

On a Linux/Mac system, the Python Path will typically consist of a single path
to the virtual environment's site-packages directory, e.g.

    /Users/<USERNAME>/.virtualenvs/pgadmin4/lib/python2.7/site-packages

On Windows, multiple paths are likely to be required, e.g.

    C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\Lib\site-packages;C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\Lib;C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\Lib\lib-tk;C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\DLLs

If you wish to specify a specific copy of the Python code to run, you can set
the  Application Path to a directory containing pgAdmin4.py, e.g.

    /Users/<USERNAME>/git/pgadmin4-test/web/

Building the documentation
--------------------------

In order to build the docs, an additional Python package is required in the
virtual environment. This can be installed with the pip package manager:

    $ workon pgadmin4
    (pgadmin4) $ pip install Sphinx

The docs can then be built using the Makefile in $PGADMIN4_SRC, e.g.

    (pgadmin4) $ make docs

The output can be found in $PGADMIN4_SRC/docs/en_US/_build/html/index.html

Building packages
-----------------

Most packages can be built using the Makefile in $PGADMIN4_SRC, provided all
the setup and configuration above has been completed.

To build a source tarball:

    (pgadmin4) $ make src

To build a PIP Wheel, activate either a Python 2 or Python 3 virtual
environment as desired, configured with all the required packages, and then
run:

    (pgadmin4) $ make pip

On a Mac, build an application bundle in a disk image (DMG file) with:

    (pgadmin4) $ make appbundle

Configure the framework.conf to match the QT and Python versions the app is
being built with:

    $ cp $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/framework.conf.in $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/framework.conf
    $ vi $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/framework.conf

If you have an Apple code signing certificate, both the app bundle and disk
image can be automatically signed by configuring signing:

    $ cp $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/codesign.conf.in $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/codesign.conf
    $ vi $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/codesign.conf

Edit the file as appropriate, ensuring the various version numbers are correct
and that the appropriate developer ID is specified.

On Windows, the InnoSetup tool is required to create an installer. Download the
Unicode version from:

http://www.jrsoftware.org/isdl.php

A number of environment variables may need to be set to enable the build script
to function. The defaults will usually work on a typical 64 bit system with
Qt 5.5.1, Python 2.7 and Visual Studio 2013. The examples below are for a
similar 32 bit system:

INNOTOOL=C:\Program Files\Inno Setup 5
PGDIR=C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\10
PYTHON_DLL=C:\Windows\System32\Python27.dll
PYTHON_HOME=C:\Python27
PYTHON_VERSION=27
QTDIR=C:\Qt\5.9\msvc2013
VCDIR=C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC

To build the installer:

    C:\$PGADMIN4_SRC> make x86

If you have a code signing certificate, this will automatically be used if
found in the Windows Certificate Store to sign the installer.

Support
-------

See https://www.pgadmin.org/support/ for support options.

Project info
------------

The source code repository can be found here:

http://git.postgresql.org/gitweb/?p=pgadmin4.git;a=summary

A Redmine project for pgAdmin 4 can be found at the address below. A PostgreSQL
community account is required to access this site. Please note that at present
only project developers can log bug and feature requests:

https://redmine.postgresql.org/projects/pgadmin4

If you wish to discuss pgAdmin 4, or contribute to the project, please use the
pgAdmin Hackers mailing list:

pgadmin-hackers@postgresql.org

-- 
Dave Page
pgAdmin Project Lead