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"""A Future class similar to the one in PEP 3148."""
__all__ = (
'Future', 'wrap_future', 'isfuture',
import concurrent.futures
import contextvars
import logging
import sys
from . import base_futures
from . import events
from . import exceptions
from . import format_helpers
isfuture = base_futures.isfuture
_PENDING = base_futures._PENDING
_CANCELLED = base_futures._CANCELLED
_FINISHED = base_futures._FINISHED
STACK_DEBUG = logging.DEBUG - 1 # heavy-duty debugging
class Future:
"""This class is *almost* compatible with concurrent.futures.Future.
- This class is not thread-safe.
- result() and exception() do not take a timeout argument and
raise an exception when the future isn't done yet.
- Callbacks registered with add_done_callback() are always called
via the event loop's call_soon().
- This class is not compatible with the wait() and as_completed()
methods in the concurrent.futures package.
(In Python 3.4 or later we may be able to unify the implementations.)
# Class variables serving as defaults for instance variables.
_state = _PENDING
_result = None
_exception = None
_loop = None
_source_traceback = None
# This field is used for a dual purpose:
# - Its presence is a marker to declare that a class implements
# the Future protocol (i.e. is intended to be duck-type compatible).
# The value must also be not-None, to enable a subclass to declare
# that it is not compatible by setting this to None.
# - It is set by __iter__() below so that Task._step() can tell
# the difference between
# `await Future()` or`yield from Future()` (correct) vs.
# `yield Future()` (incorrect).
_asyncio_future_blocking = False
__log_traceback = False
def __init__(self, *, loop=None):
"""Initialize the future.
The optional event_loop argument allows explicitly setting the event
loop object used by the future. If it's not provided, the future uses
the default event loop.
if loop is None:
self._loop = events.get_event_loop()
self._loop = loop
self._callbacks = []
if self._loop.get_debug():
self._source_traceback = format_helpers.extract_stack(
_repr_info = base_futures._future_repr_info
def __repr__(self):
return '<{} {}>'.format(self.__class__.__name__,
' '.join(self._repr_info()))
def __del__(self):
if not self.__log_traceback:
# set_exception() was not called, or result() or exception()
# has consumed the exception
exc = self._exception
context = {
f'{self.__class__.__name__} exception was never retrieved',
'exception': exc,
'future': self,
if self._source_traceback:
context['source_traceback'] = self._source_traceback
def _log_traceback(self):
return self.__log_traceback
def _log_traceback(self, val):
if bool(val):
raise ValueError('_log_traceback can only be set to False')
self.__log_traceback = False
def get_loop(self):
"""Return the event loop the Future is bound to."""
return self._loop
def cancel(self):
"""Cancel the future and schedule callbacks.
If the future is already done or cancelled, return False. Otherwise,
change the future's state to cancelled, schedule the callbacks and
return True.
self.__log_traceback = False
if self._state != _PENDING:
return False
self._state = _CANCELLED
return True
def __schedule_callbacks(self):
"""Internal: Ask the event loop to call all callbacks.
The callbacks are scheduled to be called as soon as possible. Also
clears the callback list.
callbacks = self._callbacks[:]
if not callbacks:
self._callbacks[:] = []
for callback, ctx in callbacks:
self._loop.call_soon(callback, self, context=ctx)
def cancelled(self):
"""Return True if the future was cancelled."""
return self._state == _CANCELLED
# Don't implement running(); see
def done(self):
"""Return True if the future is done.
Done means either that a result / exception are available, or that the
future was cancelled.
return self._state != _PENDING
def result(self):
"""Return the result this future represents.
If the future has been cancelled, raises CancelledError. If the
future's result isn't yet available, raises InvalidStateError. If
the future is done and has an exception set, this exception is raised.
if self._state == _CANCELLED:
raise exceptions.CancelledError
if self._state != _FINISHED:
raise exceptions.InvalidStateError('Result is not ready.')
self.__log_traceback = False
if self._exception is not None:
raise self._exception
return self._result
def exception(self):
"""Return the exception that was set on this future.
The exception (or None if no exception was set) is returned only if
the future is done. If the future has been cancelled, raises
CancelledError. If the future isn't done yet, raises
if self._state == _CANCELLED:
raise exceptions.CancelledError
if self._state != _FINISHED:
raise exceptions.InvalidStateError('Exception is not set.')
self.__log_traceback = False
return self._exception
def add_done_callback(self, fn, *, context=None):
"""Add a callback to be run when the future becomes done.
The callback is called with a single argument - the future object. If
the future is already done when this is called, the callback is
scheduled with call_soon.
if self._state != _PENDING:
self._loop.call_soon(fn, self, context=context)
if context is None:
context = contextvars.copy_context()
self._callbacks.append((fn, context))
# New method not in PEP 3148.
def remove_done_callback(self, fn):
"""Remove all instances of a callback from the "call when done" list.
Returns the number of callbacks removed.
filtered_callbacks = [(f, ctx)
for (f, ctx) in self._callbacks
if f != fn]
removed_count = len(self._callbacks) - len(filtered_callbacks)
if removed_count:
self._callbacks[:] = filtered_callbacks
return removed_count
# So-called internal methods (note: no set_running_or_notify_cancel()).
def set_result(self, result):
"""Mark the future done and set its result.
If the future is already done when this method is called, raises
if self._state != _PENDING:
raise exceptions.InvalidStateError(f'{self._state}: {self!r}')
self._result = result
self._state = _FINISHED
def set_exception(self, exception):
"""Mark the future done and set an exception.
If the future is already done when this method is called, raises
if self._state != _PENDING:
raise exceptions.InvalidStateError(f'{self._state}: {self!r}')
if isinstance(exception, type):
exception = exception()
if type(exception) is StopIteration:
raise TypeError("StopIteration interacts badly with generators "
"and cannot be raised into a Future")
self._exception = exception
self._state = _FINISHED
self.__log_traceback = True
def __await__(self):
if not self.done():
self._asyncio_future_blocking = True
yield self # This tells Task to wait for completion.
if not self.done():
raise RuntimeError("await wasn't used with future")
return self.result() # May raise too.
__iter__ = __await__ # make compatible with 'yield from'.
# Needed for testing purposes.
_PyFuture = Future
def _get_loop(fut):
# Tries to call Future.get_loop() if it's available.
# Otherwise fallbacks to using the old '_loop' property.
get_loop = fut.get_loop
except AttributeError:
return get_loop()
return fut._loop
def _set_result_unless_cancelled(fut, result):
"""Helper setting the result only if the future was not cancelled."""
if fut.cancelled():
def _convert_future_exc(exc):
exc_class = type(exc)
if exc_class is concurrent.futures.CancelledError:
return exceptions.CancelledError(*exc.args)
elif exc_class is concurrent.futures.TimeoutError:
return exceptions.TimeoutError(*exc.args)
elif exc_class is concurrent.futures.InvalidStateError:
return exceptions.InvalidStateError(*exc.args)
return exc
def _set_concurrent_future_state(concurrent, source):
"""Copy state from a future to a concurrent.futures.Future."""
assert source.done()
if source.cancelled():
if not concurrent.set_running_or_notify_cancel():
exception = source.exception()
if exception is not None:
result = source.result()
def _copy_future_state(source, dest):
"""Internal helper to copy state from another Future.
The other Future may be a concurrent.futures.Future.
assert source.done()
if dest.cancelled():
assert not dest.done()
if source.cancelled():
exception = source.exception()
if exception is not None:
result = source.result()
def _chain_future(source, destination):
"""Chain two futures so that when one completes, so does the other.
The result (or exception) of source will be copied to destination.
If destination is cancelled, source gets cancelled too.
Compatible with both asyncio.Future and concurrent.futures.Future.
if not isfuture(source) and not isinstance(source,
raise TypeError('A future is required for source argument')
if not isfuture(destination) and not isinstance(destination,
raise TypeError('A future is required for destination argument')
source_loop = _get_loop(source) if isfuture(source) else None
dest_loop = _get_loop(destination) if isfuture(destination) else None
def _set_state(future, other):
if isfuture(future):
_copy_future_state(other, future)
_set_concurrent_future_state(future, other)
def _call_check_cancel(destination):
if destination.cancelled():
if source_loop is None or source_loop is dest_loop:
def _call_set_state(source):
if (destination.cancelled() and
dest_loop is not None and dest_loop.is_closed()):
if dest_loop is None or dest_loop is source_loop:
_set_state(destination, source)
dest_loop.call_soon_threadsafe(_set_state, destination, source)
def wrap_future(future, *, loop=None):
"""Wrap concurrent.futures.Future object."""
if isfuture(future):
return future
assert isinstance(future, concurrent.futures.Future), \
f'concurrent.futures.Future is expected, got {future!r}'
if loop is None:
loop = events.get_event_loop()
new_future = loop.create_future()
_chain_future(future, new_future)
return new_future
import _asyncio
except ImportError:
# _CFuture is needed for tests.
Future = _CFuture = _asyncio.Future