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"""Benchmark some basic import use-cases.
The assumption is made that this benchmark is run in a fresh interpreter and
thus has no external changes made to import-related attributes in sys.
"""
from test.test_importlib import util
import decimal
import imp
import importlib
import importlib.machinery
import json
import os
import py_compile
import sys
import tabnanny
import timeit
def bench(name, cleanup=lambda: None, *, seconds=1, repeat=3):
"""Bench the given statement as many times as necessary until total
executions take one second."""
stmt = "__import__({!r})".format(name)
timer = timeit.Timer(stmt)
for x in range(repeat):
total_time = 0
count = 0
while total_time < seconds:
try:
total_time += timer.timeit(1)
finally:
cleanup()
count += 1
else:
# One execution too far
if total_time > seconds:
count -= 1
yield count // seconds
def from_cache(seconds, repeat):
"""sys.modules"""
name = '<benchmark import>'
module = imp.new_module(name)
module.__file__ = '<test>'
module.__package__ = ''
with util.uncache(name):
sys.modules[name] = module
yield from bench(name, repeat=repeat, seconds=seconds)
def builtin_mod(seconds, repeat):
"""Built-in module"""
name = 'errno'
if name in sys.modules:
del sys.modules[name]
# Relying on built-in importer being implicit.
yield from bench(name, lambda: sys.modules.pop(name), repeat=repeat,
seconds=seconds)
def source_wo_bytecode(seconds, repeat):
"""Source w/o bytecode: small"""
sys.dont_write_bytecode = True
try:
name = '__importlib_test_benchmark__'
# Clears out sys.modules and puts an entry at the front of sys.path.
with util.create_modules(name) as mapping:
assert not os.path.exists(imp.cache_from_source(mapping[name]))
sys.meta_path.append(importlib.machinery.PathFinder)
loader = (importlib.machinery.SourceFileLoader,
importlib.machinery.SOURCE_SUFFIXES)
sys.path_hooks.append(importlib.machinery.FileFinder.path_hook(loader))
yield from bench(name, lambda: sys.modules.pop(name), repeat=repeat,
seconds=seconds)
finally:
sys.dont_write_bytecode = False
def _wo_bytecode(module):
name = module.__name__
def benchmark_wo_bytecode(seconds, repeat):
"""Source w/o bytecode: {}"""
bytecode_path = imp.cache_from_source(module.__file__)
if os.path.exists(bytecode_path):
os.unlink(bytecode_path)
sys.dont_write_bytecode = True
try:
yield from bench(name, lambda: sys.modules.pop(name),
repeat=repeat, seconds=seconds)
finally:
sys.dont_write_bytecode = False
benchmark_wo_bytecode.__doc__ = benchmark_wo_bytecode.__doc__.format(name)
return benchmark_wo_bytecode
tabnanny_wo_bytecode = _wo_bytecode(tabnanny)
decimal_wo_bytecode = _wo_bytecode(decimal)
def source_writing_bytecode(seconds, repeat):
"""Source writing bytecode: small"""
assert not sys.dont_write_bytecode
name = '__importlib_test_benchmark__'
with util.create_modules(name) as mapping:
sys.meta_path.append(importlib.machinery.PathFinder)
loader = (importlib.machinery.SourceFileLoader,
importlib.machinery.SOURCE_SUFFIXES)
sys.path_hooks.append(importlib.machinery.FileFinder.path_hook(loader))
def cleanup():
sys.modules.pop(name)
os.unlink(imp.cache_from_source(mapping[name]))
for result in bench(name, cleanup, repeat=repeat, seconds=seconds):
assert not os.path.exists(imp.cache_from_source(mapping[name]))
yield result
def _writing_bytecode(module):
name = module.__name__
def writing_bytecode_benchmark(seconds, repeat):
"""Source writing bytecode: {}"""
assert not sys.dont_write_bytecode
def cleanup():
sys.modules.pop(name)
os.unlink(imp.cache_from_source(module.__file__))
yield from bench(name, cleanup, repeat=repeat, seconds=seconds)
writing_bytecode_benchmark.__doc__ = (
writing_bytecode_benchmark.__doc__.format(name))
return writing_bytecode_benchmark
tabnanny_writing_bytecode = _writing_bytecode(tabnanny)
decimal_writing_bytecode = _writing_bytecode(decimal)
def source_using_bytecode(seconds, repeat):
"""Source w/ bytecode: small"""
name = '__importlib_test_benchmark__'
with util.create_modules(name) as mapping:
sys.meta_path.append(importlib.machinery.PathFinder)
loader = (importlib.machinery.SourceFileLoader,
importlib.machinery.SOURCE_SUFFIXES)
sys.path_hooks.append(importlib.machinery.FileFinder.path_hook(loader))
py_compile.compile(mapping[name])
assert os.path.exists(imp.cache_from_source(mapping[name]))
yield from bench(name, lambda: sys.modules.pop(name), repeat=repeat,
seconds=seconds)
def _using_bytecode(module):
name = module.__name__
def using_bytecode_benchmark(seconds, repeat):
"""Source w/ bytecode: {}"""
py_compile.compile(module.__file__)
yield from bench(name, lambda: sys.modules.pop(name), repeat=repeat,
seconds=seconds)
using_bytecode_benchmark.__doc__ = (
using_bytecode_benchmark.__doc__.format(name))
return using_bytecode_benchmark
tabnanny_using_bytecode = _using_bytecode(tabnanny)
decimal_using_bytecode = _using_bytecode(decimal)
def main(import_, options):
if options.source_file:
with options.source_file:
prev_results = json.load(options.source_file)
else:
prev_results = {}
__builtins__.__import__ = import_
benchmarks = (from_cache, builtin_mod,
source_writing_bytecode,
source_wo_bytecode, source_using_bytecode,
tabnanny_writing_bytecode,
tabnanny_wo_bytecode, tabnanny_using_bytecode,
decimal_writing_bytecode,
decimal_wo_bytecode, decimal_using_bytecode,
)
if options.benchmark:
for b in benchmarks:
if b.__doc__ == options.benchmark:
benchmarks = [b]
break
else:
print('Unknown benchmark: {!r}'.format(options.benchmark),
file=sys.stderr)
sys.exit(1)
seconds = 1
seconds_plural = 's' if seconds > 1 else ''
repeat = 3
header = ('Measuring imports/second over {} second{}, best out of {}\n'
'Entire benchmark run should take about {} seconds\n'
'Using {!r} as __import__\n')
print(header.format(seconds, seconds_plural, repeat,
len(benchmarks) * seconds * repeat, __import__))
new_results = {}
for benchmark in benchmarks:
print(benchmark.__doc__, "[", end=' ')
sys.stdout.flush()
results = []
for result in benchmark(seconds=seconds, repeat=repeat):
results.append(result)
print(result, end=' ')
sys.stdout.flush()
assert not sys.dont_write_bytecode
print("]", "best is", format(max(results), ',d'))
new_results[benchmark.__doc__] = results
if prev_results:
print('\n\nComparing new vs. old\n')
for benchmark in benchmarks:
benchmark_name = benchmark.__doc__
old_result = max(prev_results[benchmark_name])
new_result = max(new_results[benchmark_name])
result = '{:,d} vs. {:,d} ({:%})'.format(new_result,
old_result,
new_result/old_result)
print(benchmark_name, ':', result)
if options.dest_file:
with options.dest_file:
json.dump(new_results, options.dest_file, indent=2)
if __name__ == '__main__':
import argparse
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('-b', '--builtin', dest='builtin', action='store_true',
default=False, help="use the built-in __import__")
parser.add_argument('-r', '--read', dest='source_file',
type=argparse.FileType('r'),
help='file to read benchmark data from to compare '
'against')
parser.add_argument('-w', '--write', dest='dest_file',
type=argparse.FileType('w'),
help='file to write benchmark data to')
parser.add_argument('--benchmark', dest='benchmark',
help='specific benchmark to run')
options = parser.parse_args()
import_ = __import__
if not options.builtin:
import_ = importlib.__import__
main(import_, options)
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