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#!/bin/sh
# Copyright (C) Martin Schlemmer <azarah@nosferatu.za.org>
# Copyright (C) 2006 Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
#
# Released under the terms of the GNU GPL
#
# Generate a cpio packed initramfs. It uses gen_init_cpio to generate
# the cpio archive, and then compresses it.
# The script may also be used to generate the inputfile used for gen_init_cpio
# This script assumes that gen_init_cpio is located in usr/ directory

# error out on errors
set -e

usage() {
cat << EOF
Usage:
$0 [-o <file>] [-u <uid>] [-g <gid>] {-d | <cpio_source>} ...
-o <file> Create compressed initramfs file named <file> using
gen_init_cpio and compressor depending on the extension
-u <uid> User ID to map to user ID 0 (root).
<uid> is only meaningful if <cpio_source> is a
directory. "squash" forces all files to uid 0.
-g <gid> Group ID to map to group ID 0 (root).
<gid> is only meaningful if <cpio_source> is a
directory. "squash" forces all files to gid 0.
<cpio_source> File list or directory for cpio archive.
If <cpio_source> is a .cpio file it will be used
as direct input to initramfs.
-d Output the default cpio list.

All options except -o and -l may be repeated and are interpreted
sequentially and immediately. -u and -g states are preserved across
<cpio_source> options so an explicit "-u 0 -g 0" is required
to reset the root/group mapping.
EOF
}

# awk style field access
# $1 - field number; rest is argument string
field() {
shift $1 ; echo $1
}

list_default_initramfs() {
# echo usr/kinit/kinit
:
}

default_initramfs() {
cat <<-EOF >> ${output}
# This is a very simple, default initramfs

dir /dev 0755 0 0
nod /dev/console 0600 0 0 c 5 1
dir /root 0700 0 0
# file /kinit usr/kinit/kinit 0755 0 0
# slink /init kinit 0755 0 0
EOF
}

filetype() {
local argv1="$1"

# symlink test must come before file test
if [ -L "${argv1}" ]; then
echo "slink"
elif [ -f "${argv1}" ]; then
echo "file"
elif [ -d "${argv1}" ]; then
echo "dir"
elif [ -b "${argv1}" -o -c "${argv1}" ]; then
echo "nod"
elif [ -p "${argv1}" ]; then
echo "pipe"
elif [ -S "${argv1}" ]; then
echo "sock"
else
echo "invalid"
fi
return 0
}

list_print_mtime() {
:
}

print_mtime() {
local my_mtime="0"

if [ -e "$1" ]; then
my_mtime=$(find "$1" -printf "%T@\n" | sort -r | head -n 1)
fi

echo "# Last modified: ${my_mtime}" >> ${output}
echo "" >> ${output}
}

list_parse() {
[ ! -L "$1" ] && echo "$1 \\" || :
}

# for each file print a line in following format
# <filetype> <name> <path to file> <octal mode> <uid> <gid>
# for links, devices etc the format differs. See gen_init_cpio for details
parse() {
local location="$1"
local name="/${location#${srcdir}}"
# change '//' into '/'
name=$(echo "$name" | sed -e 's://*:/:g')
local mode="$2"
local uid="$3"
local gid="$4"
local ftype=$(filetype "${location}")
# remap uid/gid to 0 if necessary
[ "$root_uid" = "squash" ] && uid=0 || [ "$uid" -eq "$root_uid" ] && uid=0
[ "$root_gid" = "squash" ] && gid=0 || [ "$gid" -eq "$root_gid" ] && gid=0
local str="${mode} ${uid} ${gid}"

[ "${ftype}" = "invalid" ] && return 0
[ "${location}" = "${srcdir}" ] && return 0

case "${ftype}" in
"file")
str="${ftype} ${name} ${location} ${str}"
;;
"nod")
local dev=`LC_ALL=C ls -l "${location}"`
local maj=`field 5 ${dev}`
local min=`field 6 ${dev}`
maj=${maj%,}

[ -b "${location}" ] && dev="b" || dev="c"

str="${ftype} ${name} ${str} ${dev} ${maj} ${min}"
;;
"slink")
local target=`readlink "${location}"`
str="${ftype} ${name} ${target} ${str}"
;;
*)
str="${ftype} ${name} ${str}"
;;
esac

echo "${str}" >> ${output}

return 0
}

unknown_option() {
printf "ERROR: unknown option \"$arg\"\n" >&2
printf "If the filename validly begins with '-', " >&2
printf "then it must be prefixed\n" >&2
printf "by './' so that it won't be interpreted as an option." >&2
printf "\n" >&2
usage >&2
exit 1
}

list_header() {
:
}

header() {
printf "\n#####################\n# $1\n" >> ${output}
}

# process one directory (incl sub-directories)
dir_filelist() {
${dep_list}header "$1"

srcdir=$(echo "$1" | sed -e 's://*:/:g')
dirlist=$(find "${srcdir}" -printf "%p %m %U %G\n")

# If $dirlist is only one line, then the directory is empty
if [ "$(echo "${dirlist}" | wc -l)" -gt 1 ]; then
${dep_list}print_mtime "$1"

echo "${dirlist}" | \
while read x; do
${dep_list}parse ${x}
done
fi
}

# if only one file is specified and it is .cpio file then use it direct as fs
# if a directory is specified then add all files in given direcotry to fs
# if a regular file is specified assume it is in gen_initramfs format
input_file() {
source="$1"
if [ -f "$1" ]; then
${dep_list}header "$1"
is_cpio="$(echo "$1" | sed 's/^.*\.cpio\(\..*\)\?/cpio/')"
if [ $2 -eq 0 -a ${is_cpio} = "cpio" ]; then
cpio_file=$1
echo "$1" | grep -q '^.*\.cpio\..*' && is_cpio_compressed="compressed"
[ ! -z ${dep_list} ] && echo "$1"
return 0
fi
if [ -z ${dep_list} ]; then
print_mtime "$1" >> ${output}
cat "$1" >> ${output}
else
echo "$1 \\"
cat "$1" | while read type dir file perm ; do
if [ "$type" = "file" ]; then
echo "$file \\";
fi
done
fi
elif [ -d "$1" ]; then
dir_filelist "$1"
else
echo " ${prog}: Cannot open '$1'" >&2
exit 1
fi
}

prog=$0
root_uid=0
root_gid=0
dep_list=
cpio_file=
cpio_list=
output="/dev/stdout"
output_file=""
is_cpio_compressed=
compr="gzip -n -9 -f"

arg="$1"
case "$arg" in
"-l") # files included in initramfs - used by kbuild
dep_list="list_"
echo "deps_initramfs := $0 \\"
shift
;;
"-o") # generate compressed cpio image named $1
shift
output_file="$1"
cpio_list="$(mktemp ${TMPDIR:-/tmp}/cpiolist.XXXXXX)"
output=${cpio_list}
echo "$output_file" | grep -q "\.gz$" && compr="gzip -n -9 -f"
echo "$output_file" | grep -q "\.bz2$" && compr="bzip2 -9 -f"
echo "$output_file" | grep -q "\.lzma$" && compr="lzma -9 -f"
echo "$output_file" | grep -q "\.xz$" && \
compr="xz --check=crc32 --lzma2=dict=1MiB"
echo "$output_file" | grep -q "\.lzo$" && compr="lzop -9 -f"
echo "$output_file" | grep -q "\.cpio$" && compr="cat"
shift
;;
esac
while [ $# -gt 0 ]; do
arg="$1"
shift
case "$arg" in
"-u") # map $1 to uid=0 (root)
root_uid="$1"
shift
;;
"-g") # map $1 to gid=0 (root)
root_gid="$1"
shift
;;
"-d") # display default initramfs list
default_list="$arg"
${dep_list}default_initramfs
;;
"-h")
usage
exit 0
;;
*)
case "$arg" in
"-"*)
unknown_option
;;
*) # input file/dir - process it
input_file "$arg" "$#"
;;
esac
;;
esac
done

# If output_file is set we will generate cpio archive and compress it
# we are careful to delete tmp files
if [ ! -z ${output_file} ]; then
if [ -z ${cpio_file} ]; then
timestamp=
if test -n "$KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP"; then
timestamp="$(date -d"$KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP" +%s || :)"
if test -n "$timestamp"; then
timestamp="-t $timestamp"
fi
fi
cpio_tfile="$(mktemp ${TMPDIR:-/tmp}/cpiofile.XXXXXX)"
usr/gen_init_cpio $timestamp ${cpio_list} > ${cpio_tfile}
else
cpio_tfile=${cpio_file}
fi
rm ${cpio_list}
if [ "${is_cpio_compressed}" = "compressed" ]; then
cat ${cpio_tfile} > ${output_file}
else
(cat ${cpio_tfile} | ${compr} - > ${output_file}) \
|| (rm -f ${output_file} ; false)
fi
[ -z ${cpio_file} ] && rm ${cpio_tfile}
fi
exit 0
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