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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Author: Ricardo Garcia Gonzalez
# Author: Danny Colligan
# License: Public domain code
import htmlentitydefs
import httplib
import locale
import math
import netrc
import os
import os.path
import re
import socket
import string
import subprocess
import sys
import time
import urllib
import urllib2
# parse_qs was moved from the cgi module to the urlparse module recently.
try:
from urlparse import parse_qs
except ImportError:
from cgi import parse_qs
std_headers = {
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 6.0; en-US; rv:1.9.1.2) Gecko/20090729 Firefox/3.5.2',
'Accept-Charset': 'ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7',
'Accept': 'text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml,text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,image/png,*/*;q=0.5',
'Accept-Language': 'en-us,en;q=0.5',
}
simple_title_chars = string.ascii_letters.decode('ascii') + string.digits.decode('ascii')
def preferredencoding():
"""Get preferred encoding.
Returns the best encoding scheme for the system, based on
locale.getpreferredencoding() and some further tweaks.
"""
def yield_preferredencoding():
try:
pref = locale.getpreferredencoding()
u'TEST'.encode(pref)
except:
pref = 'UTF-8'
while True:
yield pref
return yield_preferredencoding().next()
class DownloadError(Exception):
"""Download Error exception.
This exception may be thrown by FileDownloader objects if they are not
configured to continue on errors. They will contain the appropriate
error message.
"""
pass
class SameFileError(Exception):
"""Same File exception.
This exception will be thrown by FileDownloader objects if they detect
multiple files would have to be downloaded to the same file on disk.
"""
pass
class PostProcessingError(Exception):
"""Post Processing exception.
This exception may be raised by PostProcessor's .run() method to
indicate an error in the postprocessing task.
"""
pass
class UnavailableFormatError(Exception):
"""Unavailable Format exception.
This exception will be thrown when a video is requested
in a format that is not available for that video.
"""
pass
class ContentTooShortError(Exception):
"""Content Too Short exception.
This exception may be raised by FileDownloader objects when a file they
download is too small for what the server announced first, indicating
the connection was probably interrupted.
"""
# Both in bytes
downloaded = None
expected = None
def __init__(self, downloaded, expected):
self.downloaded = downloaded
self.expected = expected
class FileDownloader(object):
"""File Downloader class.
File downloader objects are the ones responsible of downloading the
actual video file and writing it to disk if the user has requested
it, among some other tasks. In most cases there should be one per
program. As, given a video URL, the downloader doesn't know how to
extract all the needed information, task that InfoExtractors do, it
has to pass the URL to one of them.
For this, file downloader objects have a method that allows
InfoExtractors to be registered in a given order. When it is passed
a URL, the file downloader handles it to the first InfoExtractor it
finds that reports being able to handle it. The InfoExtractor extracts
all the information about the video or videos the URL refers to, and
asks the FileDownloader to process the video information, possibly
downloading the video.
File downloaders accept a lot of parameters. In order not to saturate
the object constructor with arguments, it receives a dictionary of
options instead. These options are available through the params
attribute for the InfoExtractors to use. The FileDownloader also
registers itself as the downloader in charge for the InfoExtractors
that are added to it, so this is a "mutual registration".
Available options:
username: Username for authentication purposes.
password: Password for authentication purposes.
usenetrc: Use netrc for authentication instead.
quiet: Do not print messages to stdout.
forceurl: Force printing final URL.
forcetitle: Force printing title.
simulate: Do not download the video files.
format: Video format code.
outtmpl: Template for output names.
ignoreerrors: Do not stop on download errors.
ratelimit: Download speed limit, in bytes/sec.
nooverwrites: Prevent overwriting files.
continuedl: Try to continue downloads if possible.
"""
params = None
_ies = []
_pps = []
_download_retcode = None
def __init__(self, params):
"""Create a FileDownloader object with the given options."""
self._ies = []
self._pps = []
self._download_retcode = 0
self.params = params
@staticmethod
def pmkdir(filename):
"""Create directory components in filename. Similar to Unix "mkdir -p"."""
components = filename.split(os.sep)
aggregate = [os.sep.join(components[0:x]) for x in xrange(1, len(components))]
aggregate = ['%s%s' % (x, os.sep) for x in aggregate] # Finish names with separator
for dir in aggregate:
if not os.path.exists(dir):
os.mkdir(dir)
@staticmethod
def format_bytes(bytes):
if bytes is None:
return 'N/A'
if type(bytes) is str:
bytes = float(bytes)
if bytes == 0.0:
exponent = 0
else:
exponent = long(math.log(bytes, 1024.0))
suffix = 'bkMGTPEZY'[exponent]
converted = float(bytes) / float(1024**exponent)
return '%.2f%s' % (converted, suffix)
@staticmethod
def calc_percent(byte_counter, data_len):
if data_len is None:
return '---.-%'
return '%6s' % ('%3.1f%%' % (float(byte_counter) / float(data_len) * 100.0))
@staticmethod
def calc_eta(start, now, total, current):
if total is None:
return '--:--'
dif = now - start
if current == 0 or dif < 0.001: # One millisecond
return '--:--'
rate = float(current) / dif
eta = long((float(total) - float(current)) / rate)
(eta_mins, eta_secs) = divmod(eta, 60)
if eta_mins > 99:
return '--:--'
return '%02d:%02d' % (eta_mins, eta_secs)
@staticmethod
def calc_speed(start, now, bytes):
dif = now - start
if bytes == 0 or dif < 0.001: # One millisecond
return '%10s' % '---b/s'
return '%10s' % ('%s/s' % FileDownloader.format_bytes(float(bytes) / dif))
@staticmethod
def best_block_size(elapsed_time, bytes):
new_min = max(bytes / 2.0, 1.0)
new_max = min(max(bytes * 2.0, 1.0), 4194304) # Do not surpass 4 MB
if elapsed_time < 0.001:
return long(new_max)
rate = bytes / elapsed_time
if rate > new_max:
return long(new_max)
if rate < new_min:
return long(new_min)
return long(rate)
@staticmethod
def parse_bytes(bytestr):
"""Parse a string indicating a byte quantity into a long integer."""
matchobj = re.match(r'(?i)^(\d+(?:\.\d+)?)([kMGTPEZY]?)$', bytestr)
if matchobj is None:
return None
number = float(matchobj.group(1))
multiplier = 1024.0 ** 'bkmgtpezy'.index(matchobj.group(2).lower())
return long(round(number * multiplier))
@staticmethod
def verify_url(url):
"""Verify a URL is valid and data could be downloaded. Return real data URL."""
request = urllib2.Request(url, None, std_headers)
data = urllib2.urlopen(request)
data.read(1)
url = data.geturl()
data.close()
return url
def add_info_extractor(self, ie):
"""Add an InfoExtractor object to the end of the list."""
self._ies.append(ie)
ie.set_downloader(self)
def add_post_processor(self, pp):
"""Add a PostProcessor object to the end of the chain."""
self._pps.append(pp)
pp.set_downloader(self)
def to_stdout(self, message, skip_eol=False):
"""Print message to stdout if not in quiet mode."""
if not self.params.get('quiet', False):
print (u'%s%s' % (message, [u'\n', u''][skip_eol])).encode(preferredencoding()),
sys.stdout.flush()
def to_stderr(self, message):
"""Print message to stderr."""
print >>sys.stderr, message.encode(preferredencoding())
def fixed_template(self):
"""Checks if the output template is fixed."""
return (re.search(ur'(?u)%\(.+?\)s', self.params['outtmpl']) is None)
def trouble(self, message=None):
"""Determine action to take when a download problem appears.
Depending on if the downloader has been configured to ignore
download errors or not, this method may throw an exception or
not when errors are found, after printing the message.
"""
if message is not None:
self.to_stderr(message)
if not self.params.get('ignoreerrors', False):
raise DownloadError(message)
self._download_retcode = 1
def slow_down(self, start_time, byte_counter):
"""Sleep if the download speed is over the rate limit."""
rate_limit = self.params.get('ratelimit', None)
if rate_limit is None or byte_counter == 0:
return
now = time.time()
elapsed = now - start_time
if elapsed <= 0.0:
return
speed = float(byte_counter) / elapsed
if speed > rate_limit:
time.sleep((byte_counter - rate_limit * (now - start_time)) / rate_limit)
def report_destination(self, filename):
"""Report destination filename."""
self.to_stdout(u'[download] Destination: %s' % filename)
def report_progress(self, percent_str, data_len_str, speed_str, eta_str):
"""Report download progress."""
self.to_stdout(u'\r[download] %s of %s at %s ETA %s' %
(percent_str, data_len_str, speed_str, eta_str), skip_eol=True)
def report_resuming_byte(self, resume_len):
"""Report attemtp to resume at given byte."""
self.to_stdout(u'[download] Resuming download at byte %s' % resume_len)
def report_file_already_downloaded(self, file_name):
"""Report file has already been fully downloaded."""
self.to_stdout(u'[download] %s has already been downloaded' % file_name)
def report_unable_to_resume(self):
"""Report it was impossible to resume download."""
self.to_stdout(u'[download] Unable to resume')
def report_finish(self):
"""Report download finished."""
self.to_stdout(u'')
def process_info(self, info_dict):
"""Process a single dictionary returned by an InfoExtractor."""
# Do nothing else if in simulate mode
if self.params.get('simulate', False):
try:
info_dict['url'] = self.verify_url(info_dict['url'].encode('utf-8')).decode('utf-8')
except (OSError, IOError, urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
raise UnavailableFormatError
# Forced printings
if self.params.get('forcetitle', False):
print info_dict['title'].encode(preferredencoding())
if self.params.get('forceurl', False):
print info_dict['url'].encode(preferredencoding())
return
try:
template_dict = dict(info_dict)
template_dict['epoch'] = unicode(long(time.time()))
filename = self.params['outtmpl'] % template_dict
except (ValueError, KeyError), err:
self.trouble('ERROR: invalid output template or system charset: %s' % str(err))
if self.params.get('nooverwrites', False) and os.path.exists(filename):
self.to_stderr(u'WARNING: file exists: %s; skipping' % filename)
return
try:
self.pmkdir(filename)
except (OSError, IOError), err:
self.trouble('ERROR: unable to create directories: %s' % str(err))
return
try:
success = self._do_download(filename, info_dict['url'].encode('utf-8'))
except (OSError, IOError), err:
raise UnavailableFormatError
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self.trouble('ERROR: unable to download video data: %s' % str(err))
return
except (ContentTooShortError, ), err:
self.trouble('ERROR: content too short (expected %s bytes and served %s)' % (err.expected, err.downloaded))
return
if success:
try:
self.post_process(filename, info_dict)
except (PostProcessingError), err:
self.trouble('ERROR: postprocessing: %s' % str(err))
return
def download(self, url_list):
"""Download a given list of URLs."""
if len(url_list) > 1 and self.fixed_template():
raise SameFileError(self.params['outtmpl'])
for url in url_list:
suitable_found = False
for ie in self._ies:
# Go to next InfoExtractor if not suitable
if not ie.suitable(url):
continue
# Suitable InfoExtractor found
suitable_found = True
# Extract information from URL and process it
ie.extract(url)
# Suitable InfoExtractor had been found; go to next URL
break
if not suitable_found:
self.trouble('ERROR: no suitable InfoExtractor: %s' % url)
return self._download_retcode
def post_process(self, filename, ie_info):
"""Run the postprocessing chain on the given file."""
info = dict(ie_info)
info['filepath'] = filename
for pp in self._pps:
info = pp.run(info)
if info is None:
break
def _download_with_rtmpdump(self, filename, url):
self.report_destination(filename)
# Check for rtmpdump first
try:
subprocess.call(['rtmpdump', '-h'], stdout=(file(os.path.devnull, 'w')), stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
except (OSError, IOError):
self.trouble(u'ERROR: RTMP download detected but "rtmpdump" could not be run')
return False
# Download using rtmpdump. rtmpdump returns exit code 2 when
# the connection was interrumpted and resuming appears to be
# possible. This is part of rtmpdump's normal usage, AFAIK.
retval = subprocess.call(['rtmpdump', '-q', '-r', url, '-o', filename] + [[], ['-e']][self.params.get('continuedl', False)])
while retval == 2:
self.to_stdout(u'\r[rtmpdump] %s bytes' % os.path.getsize(filename), skip_eol=True)
time.sleep(2.0) # This seems to be needed
retval = subprocess.call(['rtmpdump', '-q', '-e', '-r', url, '-o', filename])
if retval == 0:
self.to_stdout(u'\r[rtmpdump] %s bytes' % os.path.getsize(filename))
return True
else:
self.trouble('ERROR: rtmpdump exited with code %d' % retval)
return False
def _do_download(self, filename, url):
# Attempt to download using rtmpdump
if url.startswith('rtmp'):
return self._download_with_rtmpdump(filename, url)
stream = None
open_mode = 'wb'
basic_request = urllib2.Request(url, None, std_headers)
request = urllib2.Request(url, None, std_headers)
# Establish possible resume length
if os.path.isfile(filename):
resume_len = os.path.getsize(filename)
else:
resume_len = 0
# Request parameters in case of being able to resume
if self.params.get('continuedl', False) and resume_len != 0:
self.report_resuming_byte(resume_len)
request.add_header('Range','bytes=%d-' % resume_len)
open_mode = 'ab'
# Establish connection
try:
data = urllib2.urlopen(request)
except (urllib2.HTTPError, ), err:
if err.code != 416: # 416 is 'Requested range not satisfiable'
raise
# Unable to resume
data = urllib2.urlopen(basic_request)
content_length = data.info()['Content-Length']
if content_length is not None and long(content_length) == resume_len:
# Because the file had already been fully downloaded
self.report_file_already_downloaded(filename)
return True
else:
# Because the server didn't let us
self.report_unable_to_resume()
open_mode = 'wb'
data_len = data.info().get('Content-length', None)
data_len_str = self.format_bytes(data_len)
byte_counter = 0
block_size = 1024
start = time.time()
while True:
# Download and write
before = time.time()
data_block = data.read(block_size)
after = time.time()
data_block_len = len(data_block)
if data_block_len == 0:
break
byte_counter += data_block_len
# Open file just in time
if stream is None:
try:
stream = open(filename, open_mode)
self.report_destination(filename)
except (OSError, IOError), err:
self.trouble('ERROR: unable to open for writing: %s' % str(err))
return False
stream.write(data_block)
block_size = self.best_block_size(after - before, data_block_len)
# Progress message
percent_str = self.calc_percent(byte_counter, data_len)
eta_str = self.calc_eta(start, time.time(), data_len, byte_counter)
speed_str = self.calc_speed(start, time.time(), byte_counter)
self.report_progress(percent_str, data_len_str, speed_str, eta_str)
# Apply rate limit
self.slow_down(start, byte_counter)
self.report_finish()
if data_len is not None and str(byte_counter) != data_len:
raise ContentTooShortError(byte_counter, long(data_len))
return True
class InfoExtractor(object):
"""Information Extractor class.
Information extractors are the classes that, given a URL, extract
information from the video (or videos) the URL refers to. This
information includes the real video URL, the video title and simplified
title, author and others. The information is stored in a dictionary
which is then passed to the FileDownloader. The FileDownloader
processes this information possibly downloading the video to the file
system, among other possible outcomes. The dictionaries must include
the following fields:
id: Video identifier.
url: Final video URL.
uploader: Nickname of the video uploader.
title: Literal title.
stitle: Simplified title.
ext: Video filename extension.
Subclasses of this one should re-define the _real_initialize() and
_real_extract() methods, as well as the suitable() static method.
Probably, they should also be instantiated and added to the main
downloader.
"""
_ready = False
_downloader = None
def __init__(self, downloader=None):
"""Constructor. Receives an optional downloader."""
self._ready = False
self.set_downloader(downloader)
@staticmethod
def suitable(url):
"""Receives a URL and returns True if suitable for this IE."""
return False
def initialize(self):
"""Initializes an instance (authentication, etc)."""
if not self._ready:
self._real_initialize()
self._ready = True
def extract(self, url):
"""Extracts URL information and returns it in list of dicts."""
self.initialize()
return self._real_extract(url)
def set_downloader(self, downloader):
"""Sets the downloader for this IE."""
self._downloader = downloader
def _real_initialize(self):
"""Real initialization process. Redefine in subclasses."""
pass
def _real_extract(self, url):
"""Real extraction process. Redefine in subclasses."""
pass
class YoutubeIE(InfoExtractor):
"""Information extractor for youtube.com."""
_VALID_URL = r'^((?:http://)?(?:\w+\.)?youtube\.com/(?:(?:v/)|(?:(?:watch(?:\.php)?)?\?(?:.+&)?v=)))?([0-9A-Za-z_-]+)(?(1).+)?$'
_LANG_URL = r'http://uk.youtube.com/?hl=en&persist_hl=1&gl=US&persist_gl=1&opt_out_ackd=1'
_LOGIN_URL = 'http://www.youtube.com/signup?next=/&gl=US&hl=en'
_AGE_URL = 'http://www.youtube.com/verify_age?next_url=/&gl=US&hl=en'
_NETRC_MACHINE = 'youtube'
_available_formats = ['37', '22', '35', '18', '5', '17', '13', None] # listed in order of priority for -b flag
_video_extensions = {
'13': '3gp',
'17': 'mp4',
'18': 'mp4',
'22': 'mp4',
'37': 'mp4',
}
@staticmethod
def suitable(url):
return (re.match(YoutubeIE._VALID_URL, url) is not None)
@staticmethod
def htmlentity_transform(matchobj):
"""Transforms an HTML entity to a Unicode character."""
entity = matchobj.group(1)
# Known non-numeric HTML entity
if entity in htmlentitydefs.name2codepoint:
return unichr(htmlentitydefs.name2codepoint[entity])
# Unicode character
mobj = re.match(ur'(?u)#(x?\d+)', entity)
if mobj is not None:
numstr = mobj.group(1)
if numstr.startswith(u'x'):
base = 16
numstr = u'0%s' % numstr
else:
base = 10
return unichr(long(numstr, base))
# Unknown entity in name, return its literal representation
return (u'&%s;' % entity)
def report_lang(self):
"""Report attempt to set language."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] Setting language')
def report_login(self):
"""Report attempt to log in."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] Logging in')
def report_age_confirmation(self):
"""Report attempt to confirm age."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] Confirming age')
def report_video_info_webpage_download(self, video_id):
"""Report attempt to download video info webpage."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] %s: Downloading video info webpage' % video_id)
def report_information_extraction(self, video_id):
"""Report attempt to extract video information."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] %s: Extracting video information' % video_id)
def report_unavailable_format(self, video_id, format):
"""Report extracted video URL."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] %s: Format %s not available' % (video_id, format))
def report_rtmp_download(self):
"""Indicate the download will use the RTMP protocol."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] RTMP download detected')
def _real_initialize(self):
if self._downloader is None:
return
username = None
password = None
downloader_params = self._downloader.params
# Attempt to use provided username and password or .netrc data
if downloader_params.get('username', None) is not None:
username = downloader_params['username']
password = downloader_params['password']
elif downloader_params.get('usenetrc', False):
try:
info = netrc.netrc().authenticators(self._NETRC_MACHINE)
if info is not None:
username = info[0]
password = info[2]
else:
raise netrc.NetrcParseError('No authenticators for %s' % self._NETRC_MACHINE)
except (IOError, netrc.NetrcParseError), err:
self._downloader.to_stderr(u'WARNING: parsing .netrc: %s' % str(err))
return
# Set language
request = urllib2.Request(self._LANG_URL, None, std_headers)
try:
self.report_lang()
urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.to_stderr(u'WARNING: unable to set language: %s' % str(err))
return
# No authentication to be performed
if username is None:
return
# Log in
login_form = {
'current_form': 'loginForm',
'next': '/',
'action_login': 'Log In',
'username': username,
'password': password,
}
request = urllib2.Request(self._LOGIN_URL, urllib.urlencode(login_form), std_headers)
try:
self.report_login()
login_results = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
if re.search(r'(?i)<form[^>]* name="loginForm"', login_results) is not None:
self._downloader.to_stderr(u'WARNING: unable to log in: bad username or password')
return
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.to_stderr(u'WARNING: unable to log in: %s' % str(err))
return
# Confirm age
age_form = {
'next_url': '/',
'action_confirm': 'Confirm',
}
request = urllib2.Request(self._AGE_URL, urllib.urlencode(age_form), std_headers)
try:
self.report_age_confirmation()
age_results = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to confirm age: %s' % str(err))
return
def _real_extract(self, url):
# Extract video id from URL
mobj = re.match(self._VALID_URL, url)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: invalid URL: %s' % url)
return
video_id = mobj.group(2)
# Downloader parameters
best_quality = False
format_param = None
quality_index = 0
if self._downloader is not None:
params = self._downloader.params
format_param = params.get('format', None)
if format_param == '0':
format_param = self._available_formats[quality_index]
best_quality = True
while True:
# Extension
video_extension = self._video_extensions.get(format_param, 'flv')
# Get video info
video_info_url = 'http://www.youtube.com/get_video_info?&video_id=%s&el=detailpage&ps=default&eurl=&gl=US&hl=en' % video_id
request = urllib2.Request(video_info_url, None, std_headers)
try:
self.report_video_info_webpage_download(video_id)
video_info_webpage = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
video_info = parse_qs(video_info_webpage)
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to download video info webpage: %s' % str(err))
return
self.report_information_extraction(video_id)
# "t" param
if 'token' not in video_info:
# Attempt to see if YouTube has issued an error message
if 'reason' not in video_info:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract "t" parameter for unknown reason')
stream = open('reportme-ydl-%s.dat' % time.time(), 'wb')
stream.write(video_info_webpage)
stream.close()
else:
reason = urllib.unquote_plus(video_info['reason'][0])
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: YouTube said: %s' % reason.decode('utf-8'))
return
token = urllib.unquote_plus(video_info['token'][0])
video_real_url = 'http://www.youtube.com/get_video?video_id=%s&t=%s&eurl=&el=detailpage&ps=default&gl=US&hl=en' % (video_id, token)
if format_param is not None:
video_real_url = '%s&fmt=%s' % (video_real_url, format_param)
# Check possible RTMP download
if 'conn' in video_info and video_info['conn'][0].startswith('rtmp'):
self.report_rtmp_download()
video_real_url = video_info['conn'][0]
# uploader
if 'author' not in video_info:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract uploader nickname')
return
video_uploader = urllib.unquote_plus(video_info['author'][0])
# title
if 'title' not in video_info:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract video title')
return
video_title = urllib.unquote_plus(video_info['title'][0])
video_title = video_title.decode('utf-8')
video_title = re.sub(ur'(?u)&(.+?);', self.htmlentity_transform, video_title)
video_title = video_title.replace(os.sep, u'%')
# simplified title
simple_title = re.sub(ur'(?u)([^%s]+)' % simple_title_chars, ur'_', video_title)
simple_title = simple_title.strip(ur'_')
try:
# Process video information
self._downloader.process_info({
'id': video_id.decode('utf-8'),
'url': video_real_url.decode('utf-8'),
'uploader': video_uploader.decode('utf-8'),
'title': video_title,
'stitle': simple_title,
'ext': video_extension.decode('utf-8'),
})
return
except UnavailableFormatError, err:
if best_quality:
if quality_index == len(self._available_formats) - 1:
# I don't ever expect this to happen
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: no known formats available for video')
return
else:
self.report_unavailable_format(video_id, format_param)
quality_index += 1
format_param = self._available_formats[quality_index]
continue
else:
self._downloader.trouble('ERROR: format not available for video')
return
class MetacafeIE(InfoExtractor):
"""Information Extractor for metacafe.com."""
_VALID_URL = r'(?:http://)?(?:www\.)?metacafe\.com/watch/([^/]+)/([^/]+)/.*'
_DISCLAIMER = 'http://www.metacafe.com/family_filter/'
_FILTER_POST = 'http://www.metacafe.com/f/index.php?inputType=filter&controllerGroup=user'
_youtube_ie = None
def __init__(self, youtube_ie, downloader=None):
InfoExtractor.__init__(self, downloader)
self._youtube_ie = youtube_ie
@staticmethod
def suitable(url):
return (re.match(MetacafeIE._VALID_URL, url) is not None)
def report_disclaimer(self):
"""Report disclaimer retrieval."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[metacafe] Retrieving disclaimer')
def report_age_confirmation(self):
"""Report attempt to confirm age."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[metacafe] Confirming age')
def report_download_webpage(self, video_id):
"""Report webpage download."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[metacafe] %s: Downloading webpage' % video_id)
def report_extraction(self, video_id):
"""Report information extraction."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[metacafe] %s: Extracting information' % video_id)
def _real_initialize(self):
# Retrieve disclaimer
request = urllib2.Request(self._DISCLAIMER, None, std_headers)
try:
self.report_disclaimer()
disclaimer = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to retrieve disclaimer: %s' % str(err))
return
# Confirm age
disclaimer_form = {
'filters': '0',
'submit': "Continue - I'm over 18",
}
request = urllib2.Request(self._FILTER_POST, urllib.urlencode(disclaimer_form), std_headers)
try:
self.report_age_confirmation()
disclaimer = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to confirm age: %s' % str(err))
return
def _real_extract(self, url):
# Extract id and simplified title from URL
mobj = re.match(self._VALID_URL, url)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: invalid URL: %s' % url)
return
video_id = mobj.group(1)
# Check if video comes from YouTube
mobj2 = re.match(r'^yt-(.*)$', video_id)
if mobj2 is not None:
self._youtube_ie.extract('http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=%s' % mobj2.group(1))
return
simple_title = mobj.group(2).decode('utf-8')
video_extension = 'flv'
# Retrieve video webpage to extract further information
request = urllib2.Request('http://www.metacafe.com/watch/%s/' % video_id)
try:
self.report_download_webpage(video_id)
webpage = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable retrieve video webpage: %s' % str(err))
return
# Extract URL, uploader and title from webpage
self.report_extraction(video_id)
mobj = re.search(r'(?m)&mediaURL=([^&]+)', webpage)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract media URL')
return
mediaURL = urllib.unquote(mobj.group(1))
#mobj = re.search(r'(?m)&gdaKey=(.*?)&', webpage)
#if mobj is None:
# self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract gdaKey')
# return
#gdaKey = mobj.group(1)
#
#video_url = '%s?__gda__=%s' % (mediaURL, gdaKey)
video_url = mediaURL
mobj = re.search(r'(?im)<title>(.*) - Video</title>', webpage)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract title')
return
video_title = mobj.group(1).decode('utf-8')
mobj = re.search(r'(?ms)By:\s*<a .*?>(.+?)<', webpage)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to extract uploader nickname')
return
video_uploader = mobj.group(1)
try:
# Process video information
self._downloader.process_info({
'id': video_id.decode('utf-8'),
'url': video_url.decode('utf-8'),
'uploader': video_uploader.decode('utf-8'),
'title': video_title,
'stitle': simple_title,
'ext': video_extension.decode('utf-8'),
})
except UnavailableFormatError:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: format not available for video')
class YoutubeSearchIE(InfoExtractor):
"""Information Extractor for YouTube search queries."""
_VALID_QUERY = r'ytsearch(\d+|all)?:[\s\S]+'
_TEMPLATE_URL = 'http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%s&page=%s&gl=US&hl=en'
_VIDEO_INDICATOR = r'href="/watch\?v=.+?"'
_MORE_PAGES_INDICATOR = r'(?m)>\s*Next\s*</a>'
_youtube_ie = None
_max_youtube_results = 1000
def __init__(self, youtube_ie, downloader=None):
InfoExtractor.__init__(self, downloader)
self._youtube_ie = youtube_ie
@staticmethod
def suitable(url):
return (re.match(YoutubeSearchIE._VALID_QUERY, url) is not None)
def report_download_page(self, query, pagenum):
"""Report attempt to download playlist page with given number."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] query "%s": Downloading page %s' % (query, pagenum))
def _real_initialize(self):
self._youtube_ie.initialize()
def _real_extract(self, query):
mobj = re.match(self._VALID_QUERY, query)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: invalid search query "%s"' % query)
return
prefix, query = query.split(':')
prefix = prefix[8:]
if prefix == '':
self._download_n_results(query, 1)
return
elif prefix == 'all':
self._download_n_results(query, self._max_youtube_results)
return
else:
try:
n = long(prefix)
if n <= 0:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: invalid download number %s for query "%s"' % (n, query))
return
elif n > self._max_youtube_results:
self._downloader.to_stderr(u'WARNING: ytsearch returns max %i results (you requested %i)' % (self._max_youtube_results, n))
n = self._max_youtube_results
self._download_n_results(query, n)
return
except ValueError: # parsing prefix as integer fails
self._download_n_results(query, 1)
return
def _download_n_results(self, query, n):
"""Downloads a specified number of results for a query"""
video_ids = []
already_seen = set()
pagenum = 1
while True:
self.report_download_page(query, pagenum)
result_url = self._TEMPLATE_URL % (urllib.quote_plus(query), pagenum)
request = urllib2.Request(result_url, None, std_headers)
try:
page = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to download webpage: %s' % str(err))
return
# Extract video identifiers
for mobj in re.finditer(self._VIDEO_INDICATOR, page):
video_id = page[mobj.span()[0]:mobj.span()[1]].split('=')[2][:-1]
if video_id not in already_seen:
video_ids.append(video_id)
already_seen.add(video_id)
if len(video_ids) == n:
# Specified n videos reached
for id in video_ids:
self._youtube_ie.extract('http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=%s' % id)
return
if re.search(self._MORE_PAGES_INDICATOR, page) is None:
for id in video_ids:
self._youtube_ie.extract('http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=%s' % id)
return
pagenum = pagenum + 1
class YoutubePlaylistIE(InfoExtractor):
"""Information Extractor for YouTube playlists."""
_VALID_URL = r'(?:http://)?(?:\w+\.)?youtube.com/(?:view_play_list|my_playlists)\?.*?p=([^&]+).*'
_TEMPLATE_URL = 'http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=%s&page=%s&gl=US&hl=en'
_VIDEO_INDICATOR = r'/watch\?v=(.+?)&'
_MORE_PAGES_INDICATOR = r'/view_play_list?p=%s&page=%s'
_youtube_ie = None
def __init__(self, youtube_ie, downloader=None):
InfoExtractor.__init__(self, downloader)
self._youtube_ie = youtube_ie
@staticmethod
def suitable(url):
return (re.match(YoutubePlaylistIE._VALID_URL, url) is not None)
def report_download_page(self, playlist_id, pagenum):
"""Report attempt to download playlist page with given number."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] PL %s: Downloading page #%s' % (playlist_id, pagenum))
def _real_initialize(self):
self._youtube_ie.initialize()
def _real_extract(self, url):
# Extract playlist id
mobj = re.match(self._VALID_URL, url)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: invalid url: %s' % url)
return
# Download playlist pages
playlist_id = mobj.group(1)
video_ids = []
pagenum = 1
while True:
self.report_download_page(playlist_id, pagenum)
request = urllib2.Request(self._TEMPLATE_URL % (playlist_id, pagenum), None, std_headers)
try:
page = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to download webpage: %s' % str(err))
return
# Extract video identifiers
ids_in_page = []
for mobj in re.finditer(self._VIDEO_INDICATOR, page):
if mobj.group(1) not in ids_in_page:
ids_in_page.append(mobj.group(1))
video_ids.extend(ids_in_page)
if (self._MORE_PAGES_INDICATOR % (playlist_id.upper(), pagenum + 1)) not in page:
break
pagenum = pagenum + 1
for id in video_ids:
self._youtube_ie.extract('http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=%s' % id)
return
class YoutubeUserIE(InfoExtractor):
"""Information Extractor for YouTube users."""
_VALID_URL = r'(?:http://)?(?:\w+\.)?youtube.com/user/(.*)'
_TEMPLATE_URL = 'http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/users/%s'
_VIDEO_INDICATOR = r'http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/videos/(.*)' # XXX Fix this.
_youtube_ie = None
def __init__(self, youtube_ie, downloader=None):
InfoExtractor.__init__(self, downloader)
self._youtube_ie = youtube_ie
@staticmethod
def suitable(url):
return (re.match(YoutubeUserIE._VALID_URL, url) is not None)
def report_download_page(self, username):
"""Report attempt to download user page."""
self._downloader.to_stdout(u'[youtube] user %s: Downloading page ' % (username))
def _real_initialize(self):
self._youtube_ie.initialize()
def _real_extract(self, url):
# Extract username
mobj = re.match(self._VALID_URL, url)
if mobj is None:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: invalid url: %s' % url)
return
# Download user page
username = mobj.group(1)
video_ids = []
pagenum = 1
self.report_download_page(username)
request = urllib2.Request(self._TEMPLATE_URL % (username), None, std_headers)
try:
page = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()
except (urllib2.URLError, httplib.HTTPException, socket.error), err:
self._downloader.trouble(u'ERROR: unable to download webpage: %s' % str(err))
return
# Extract video identifiers
ids_in_page = []
for mobj in re.finditer(self._VIDEO_INDICATOR, page):
if mobj.group(1) not in ids_in_page:
ids_in_page.append(mobj.group(1))
video_ids.extend(ids_in_page)
for id in video_ids:
self._youtube_ie.extract('http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=%s' % id)
return
class PostProcessor(object):
"""Post Processor class.
PostProcessor objects can be added to downloaders with their
add_post_processor() method. When the downloader has finished a
successful download, it will take its internal chain of PostProcessors
and start calling the run() method on each one of them, first with
an initial argument and then with the returned value of the previous
PostProcessor.
The chain will be stopped if one of them ever returns None or the end
of the chain is reached.
PostProcessor objects follow a "mutual registration" process similar
to InfoExtractor objects.
"""
_downloader = None
def __init__(self, downloader=None):
self._downloader = downloader
def set_downloader(self, downloader):
"""Sets the downloader for this PP."""
self._downloader = downloader
def run(self, information):
"""Run the PostProcessor.
The "information" argument is a dictionary like the ones
composed by InfoExtractors. The only difference is that this
one has an extra field called "filepath" that points to the
downloaded file.
When this method returns None, the postprocessing chain is
stopped. However, this method may return an information
dictionary that will be passed to the next postprocessing
object in the chain. It can be the one it received after
changing some fields.
In addition, this method may raise a PostProcessingError
exception that will be taken into account by the downloader
it was called from.
"""
return information # by default, do nothing
### MAIN PROGRAM ###
if __name__ == '__main__':
try:
# Modules needed only when running the main program
import getpass
import optparse
# Function to update the program file with the latest version from bitbucket.org
def update_self(downloader, filename):
# Note: downloader only used for options
if not os.access (filename, os.W_OK):
sys.exit('ERROR: no write permissions on %s' % filename)
downloader.to_stdout('Updating to latest stable version...')
latest_url = 'http://bitbucket.org/rg3/youtube-dl/raw/tip/LATEST_VERSION'
latest_version = urllib.urlopen(latest_url).read().strip()
prog_url = 'http://bitbucket.org/rg3/youtube-dl/raw/%s/youtube-dl' % latest_version
newcontent = urllib.urlopen(prog_url).read()
stream = open(filename, 'w')
stream.write(newcontent)
stream.close()
downloader.to_stdout('Updated to version %s' % latest_version)
# General configuration
urllib2.install_opener(urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.ProxyHandler()))
urllib2.install_opener(urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor()))
socket.setdefaulttimeout(300) # 5 minutes should be enough (famous last words)
# Parse command line
parser = optparse.OptionParser(
usage='Usage: %prog [options] url...',
version='2010.01.06',
conflict_handler='resolve',
)
parser.add_option('-h', '--help',
action='help', help='print this help text and exit')
parser.add_option('-v', '--version',
action='version', help='print program version and exit')
parser.add_option('-U', '--update',
action='store_true', dest='update_self', help='update this program to latest stable version')
parser.add_option('-i', '--ignore-errors',
action='store_true', dest='ignoreerrors', help='continue on download errors', default=False)
parser.add_option('-r', '--rate-limit',
dest='ratelimit', metavar='L', help='download rate limit (e.g. 50k or 44.6m)')
authentication = optparse.OptionGroup(parser, 'Authentication Options')
authentication.add_option('-u', '--username',
dest='username', metavar='UN', help='account username')
authentication.add_option('-p', '--password',
dest='password', metavar='PW', help='account password')
authentication.add_option('-n', '--netrc',
action='store_true', dest='usenetrc', help='use .netrc authentication data', default=False)
parser.add_option_group(authentication)
video_format = optparse.OptionGroup(parser, 'Video Format Options')
video_format.add_option('-f', '--format',
action='store', dest='format', metavar='FMT', help='video format code')
video_format.add_option('-b', '--best-quality',
action='store_const', dest='format', help='download the best quality video possible', const='0')
video_format.add_option('-m', '--mobile-version',
action='store_const', dest='format', help='alias for -f 17', const='17')
video_format.add_option('-d', '--high-def',
action='store_const', dest='format', help='alias for -f 22', const='22')
parser.add_option_group(video_format)
verbosity = optparse.OptionGroup(parser, 'Verbosity / Simulation Options')
verbosity.add_option('-q', '--quiet',
action='store_true', dest='quiet', help='activates quiet mode', default=False)
verbosity.add_option('-s', '--simulate',
action='store_true', dest='simulate', help='do not download video', default=False)
verbosity.add_option('-g', '--get-url',
action='store_true', dest='geturl', help='simulate, quiet but print URL', default=False)
verbosity.add_option('-e', '--get-title',
action='store_true', dest='gettitle', help='simulate, quiet but print title', default=False)
parser.add_option_group(verbosity)
filesystem = optparse.OptionGroup(parser, 'Filesystem Options')
filesystem.add_option('-t', '--title',
action='store_true', dest='usetitle', help='use title in file name', default=False)
filesystem.add_option('-l', '--literal',
action='store_true', dest='useliteral', help='use literal title in file name', default=False)
filesystem.add_option('-o', '--output',
dest='outtmpl', metavar='TPL', help='output filename template')
filesystem.add_option('-a', '--batch-file',
dest='batchfile', metavar='F', help='file containing URLs to download')
filesystem.add_option('-w', '--no-overwrites',
action='store_true', dest='nooverwrites', help='do not overwrite files', default=False)
filesystem.add_option('-c', '--continue',
action='store_true', dest='continue_dl', help='resume partially downloaded files', default=False)
parser.add_option_group(filesystem)
(opts, args) = parser.parse_args()
# Batch file verification
batchurls = []
if opts.batchfile is not None:
try:
batchurls = open(opts.batchfile, 'r').readlines()
batchurls = [x.strip() for x in batchurls]
batchurls = [x for x in batchurls if len(x) > 0]
except IOError:
sys.exit(u'ERROR: batch file could not be read')
all_urls = batchurls + args
# Conflicting, missing and erroneous options
if opts.usenetrc and (opts.username is not None or opts.password is not None):
parser.error(u'using .netrc conflicts with giving username/password')
if opts.password is not None and opts.username is None:
parser.error(u'account username missing')
if opts.outtmpl is not None and (opts.useliteral or opts.usetitle):
parser.error(u'using output template conflicts with using title or literal title')
if opts.usetitle and opts.useliteral:
parser.error(u'using title conflicts with using literal title')
if opts.username is not None and opts.password is None:
opts.password = getpass.getpass(u'Type account password and press return:')
if opts.ratelimit is not None:
numeric_limit = FileDownloader.parse_bytes(opts.ratelimit)
if numeric_limit is None:
parser.error(u'invalid rate limit specified')
opts.ratelimit = numeric_limit
# Information extractors
youtube_ie = YoutubeIE()
metacafe_ie = MetacafeIE(youtube_ie)
youtube_pl_ie = YoutubePlaylistIE(youtube_ie)
youtube_user_ie = YoutubeUserIE(youtube_ie)
youtube_search_ie = YoutubeSearchIE(youtube_ie)
# File downloader
fd = FileDownloader({
'usenetrc': opts.usenetrc,
'username': opts.username,
'password': opts.password,
'quiet': (opts.quiet or opts.geturl or opts.gettitle),
'forceurl': opts.geturl,
'forcetitle': opts.gettitle,
'simulate': (opts.simulate or opts.geturl or opts.gettitle),
'format': opts.format,
'outtmpl': ((opts.outtmpl is not None and opts.outtmpl.decode(preferredencoding()))
or (opts.usetitle and u'%(stitle)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s')
or (opts.useliteral and u'%(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s')
or u'%(id)s.%(ext)s'),
'ignoreerrors': opts.ignoreerrors,
'ratelimit': opts.ratelimit,
'nooverwrites': opts.nooverwrites,
'continuedl': opts.continue_dl,
})
fd.add_info_extractor(youtube_search_ie)
fd.add_info_extractor(youtube_pl_ie)
fd.add_info_extractor(youtube_user_ie)
fd.add_info_extractor(metacafe_ie)
fd.add_info_extractor(youtube_ie)
# Update version
if opts.update_self:
update_self(fd, sys.argv[0])
# Maybe do nothing
if len(all_urls) < 1:
if not opts.update_self:
parser.error(u'you must provide at least one URL')
else:
sys.exit()
retcode = fd.download(all_urls)
sys.exit(retcode)
except DownloadError:
sys.exit(1)
except SameFileError:
sys.exit(u'ERROR: fixed output name but more than one file to download')
except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit(u'\nERROR: Interrupted by user')
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