RISC-V Open Source Supervisor Binary Interface (OpenSBI)
The RISC-V Supervisor Binary Interface (SBI) is the recommended interface between:
- A platform specific firmware running in M-mode and bootloader, hypervisor or a general purpose OS executing in S-mode or HS-mode.
- A hypervisor running in HS-mode and a bootloader or a general purpose OS executing in VS-mode.
The RISC-V SBI specification is maintained as an independent project by the RISC-V Foundation in Github.
The goal of the OpenSBI project is to provide an open-source reference implementation of the RISC-V SBI specifications for platform specific firmwares executing in M-mode (case 1 mentioned above). OpenSBI implementation can be easily extended by RISC-V platform and system-on-chip vendors to fit a particular hardware configuration.
The main component of OpenSBI is provided in the form of a platform independent static library libsbi.a implementing the SBI interface. A firmware or bootloader implementation can link against this library to ensure conformance with the SBI interface specifications. libsbi.a also defines an interface for integrating with platform specific operations provided by the platform firmware implementation (e.g. console access functions, inter-processor interrupts control, etc).
To illustrate the use of libsbi.a library, OpenSBI also provides a set of platform specific support examples. For each example, a platform specific static library libplatsbi.a can be compiled. This library implements SBI calls processing by integrating libsbi.a with necessary platform dependent hardware manipulation functions. For all supported platforms, OpenSBI also provides several runtime firmware examples built using the platform libplatsbi.a. These example firmwares can be used to replace the legacy riskv-pk bootloader (aka BBL) and enable the use of well known bootloaders such as U-Boot.
Building and Installing OpenSBI Platform Independent Library
OpenSBI platform independent static library libsbi.a can be natively compiled or cross-compiled on a host with a different base architecture than RISC-V.
For cross-compiling, the environment variable CROSS_COMPILE must be defined to specify the name prefix of the RISC-V compiler toolchain executables, e.g. riscv64-unknown-elf- if the gcc executable used is riscv64-unknown-elf-gcc.
To build libsbi.a simply execute:
All compiled binaries as well as the result libsbi.a static library file will be placed in the build/lib directory. To specify an alternate build root directory path, run:
To generate files to be installed for using libsbi.a in other projects, run:
This will create the install directory with all necessary include files copied under the install/include directory and library file copied in the install/lib directory. To specify an alternate installation root directory path, run:
make I=<install_directory> install
Building and Installing a Reference Platform Static Library and Firmwares
When the PLATFORM=<platform_subdir> argument is specified on the make command line, the platform specific static library libplatsbi.a and firmware examples are built for the platform <platform_subdir> present in the directory platform in OpenSBI top directory. For example, to compile the platform library and firmware examples for QEMU RISC-V virt machine, <platform_subdir> should be qemu/virt.
To build libsbi.a, libplatsbi.a and the firmwares for one of the supported platform, run:
An alternate build directory path can also be specified.
make PLATFORM=<platform_subdir> O=<build_directory>
The platform specific library libplatsbi.a will be generated in the build/platform/<platform_subdir>/lib directory. The platform firmware files will be under the build/platform/<platform_subdir>/firmware directory. The compiled firmwares will be available in two different format: an ELF file and an expanded image file.
To install libsbi.a, libplatsbi.a, and the compiled firmwares, run:
make PLATFORM=<platform_subdir> install
This will copy the compiled platform specific libraries and firmware files under the install/platform/<platform_subdir>/ directory. An alternate install root directory path can be specified as follows.
make PLATFORM=<platform_subdir> I=<install_directory> install
In addition, platform specific configuration options can be specified with the top-level make command line. These options, such as PLATFORM_ or FW_, are platform specific and described in more details in the docs/platform/<platform_name>.md files and docs/firmware/<firmware_name>.md files.
OpenSBI is distributed under the terms of the BSD 2-clause license ("Simplified BSD License" or "FreeBSD License", SPDX: BSD-2-Clause). A copy of this license with OpenSBI copyright can be found in the file COPYING.BSD.
All source files in OpenSBI contain the 2-Clause BSD license SPDX short indentifier in place of the full license text.
This enables machine processing of license information based on the SPDX License Identifiers that are available on the SPDX web site.
OpenSBI source code also contains code reused from other projects as listed below. The original license text of these projects is included in the source files where the reused code is present.
- The libfdt source code is disjunctively dual licensed (GPL-2.0+ OR BSD-2-Clause). Some of this project code is used in OpenSBI under the terms of the BSD 2-Clause license. Any contributions to this code must be made under the terms of both licenses.
Contributing to OpenSBI
The OpenSBI project encourages and welcomes contributions. Contributions should follow the rules described in OpenSBI Contribution Guideline document. In particular, all patches sent should contain a Signed-off-by tag.
Detailed documentation of various aspects of OpenSBI can be found under the docs directory. The documentation covers the following topics.
- Contribution Guideline: Guideline for contributing code to OpenSBI project
- Library Usage: API documentation of OpenSBI static library libsbi.a
- Platform Support Guide: Guideline for implementing support for new platforms
- Platform Documentation: Documentation of the platforms currently supported.
- Firmware Documentation: Documentation for the different types of firmware examples build supported by OpenSBI.
OpenSBI source code is also well documented. For source level documentation, doxygen style is used. Please refer to Doxygen manual for details on this format.
Doxygen can be installed on Linux distributions using .deb packages using the following command.
sudo apt-get install doxygen doxygen-latex doxygen-doc doxygen-gui graphviz
For .rpm based Linux distributions, the following commands can be used.
sudo yum install doxygen doxygen-latex doxywizard graphviz
sudo yum install doxygen doxygen-latex doxywizard graphviz
To build a consolidated refman.pdf of all documentation, run:
make O=<build_directory> docs
the resulting refman.pdf will be available under the directory <build_directory>/docs/latex. To install this file, run:
make I=<install_directory> install_docs
refman.pdf will be installed under <install_directory>/docs.