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module RSpec
module Core
# ExampleGroup and {Example} are the main structural elements of
# rspec-core. Consider this example:
#
# describe Thing do
# it "does something" do
# end
# end
#
# The object returned by `describe Thing` is a subclass of ExampleGroup.
# The object returned by `it "does something"` is an instance of Example,
# which serves as a wrapper for an instance of the ExampleGroup in which it
# is declared.
class ExampleGroup
extend MetadataHashBuilder::WithDeprecationWarning
extend Extensions::ModuleEvalWithArgs
extend Subject::ExampleGroupMethods
extend Hooks
include Extensions::InstanceEvalWithArgs
include Subject::ExampleMethods
include Pending
include Let
include SharedExampleGroup
# @private
def self.world
RSpec.world
end
# @private
def self.register
world.register(self)
end
class << self
# @private
def self.delegate_to_metadata(*names)
names.each do |name|
define_method name do
metadata[:example_group][name]
end
end
end
delegate_to_metadata :description, :described_class, :file_path
alias_method :display_name, :description
# @private
alias_method :describes, :described_class
# @private
# @macro [attach] define_example_method
# @param [String] name
# @param [Hash] extra_options
# @param [Block] implementation
# @yield [Example] the example object
def self.define_example_method(name, extra_options={})
module_eval(<<-END_RUBY, __FILE__, __LINE__)
def #{name}(desc=nil, *args, &block)
options = build_metadata_hash_from(args)
options.update(:pending => RSpec::Core::Pending::NOT_YET_IMPLEMENTED) unless block
options.update(#{extra_options.inspect})
examples << RSpec::Core::Example.new(self, desc, options, block)
examples.last
end
END_RUBY
end
# Defines an example within a group.
# @example
# example do
# end
#
# example "does something" do
# end
#
# example "does something", :with => 'addtional metadata' do
# end
#
# example "does something" do |ex|
# # ex is a wrapper for the current running example
# end
define_example_method :example
# Defines an example within a group.
# @example
define_example_method :it
# Defines an example within a group.
# This is here primarily for backward compatibility with early versions
# of RSpec which used `context` and `specify` instead of `describe` and
# `it`.
define_example_method :specify
# Shortcut to define an example with `:focus` => true
# @see example
define_example_method :focus, :focused => true, :focus => true
# Shortcut to define an example with `:focus` => true
# @see example
define_example_method :focused, :focused => true, :focus => true
# Shortcut to define an example with :pending => true
# @see example
define_example_method :pending, :pending => true
# Shortcut to define an example with :pending => 'Temporarily disabled with xexample'
# @see example
define_example_method :xexample, :pending => 'Temporarily disabled with xexample'
# Shortcut to define an example with :pending => 'Temporarily disabled with xit'
# @see example
define_example_method :xit, :pending => 'Temporarily disabled with xit'
# Shortcut to define an example with :pending => 'Temporarily disabled with xspecify'
# @see example
define_example_method :xspecify, :pending => 'Temporarily disabled with xspecify'
# Works like `alias_method :name, :example` with the added benefit of
# assigning default metadata to the generated example.
#
# @note Use with caution. This extends the language used in your
# specs, but does not add any additional documentation. We use this
# in rspec to define methods like `focus` and `xit`, but we also add
# docs for those methods.
def alias_example_to name, extra={}
(class << self; self; end).define_example_method name, extra
end
# @private
# @macro [attach] define_nested_shared_group_method
#
# @see SharedExampleGroup
def self.define_nested_shared_group_method(new_name, report_label=nil)
module_eval(<<-END_RUBY, __FILE__, __LINE__)
def #{new_name}(name, *args, &customization_block)
group = describe("#{report_label || "it should behave like"} \#{name}") do
find_and_eval_shared("examples", name, *args, &customization_block)
end
group.metadata[:shared_group_name] = name
group
end
END_RUBY
end
# Generates a nested example group and includes the shared content
# mapped to `name` in the nested group.
define_nested_shared_group_method :it_behaves_like, "behaves like"
# Generates a nested example group and includes the shared content
# mapped to `name` in the nested group.
define_nested_shared_group_method :it_should_behave_like
# Works like `alias_method :name, :it_behaves_like` with the added
# benefit of assigning default metadata to the generated example.
#
# @note Use with caution. This extends the language used in your
# specs, but does not add any additional documentation. We use this
# in rspec to define `it_should_behave_like` (for backward
# compatibility), but we also add docs for that method.
def alias_it_behaves_like_to name, *args, &block
(class << self; self; end).define_nested_shared_group_method name, *args, &block
end
end
# Includes shared content mapped to `name` directly in the group in which
# it is declared, as opposed to `it_behaves_like`, which creates a nested
# group. If given a block, that block is also eval'd in the current context.
#
# @see SharedExampleGroup
def self.include_context(name, *args, &block)
find_and_eval_shared("context", name, *args, &block)
end
# Includes shared content mapped to `name` directly in the group in which
# it is declared, as opposed to `it_behaves_like`, which creates a nested
# group. If given a block, that block is also eval'd in the current context.
#
# @see SharedExampleGroup
def self.include_examples(name, *args, &block)
find_and_eval_shared("examples", name, *args, &block)
end
# @private
def self.find_and_eval_shared(label, name, *args, &customization_block)
raise ArgumentError, "Could not find shared #{label} #{name.inspect}" unless
shared_block = world.shared_example_groups[name]
module_eval_with_args(*args, &shared_block)
module_eval(&customization_block) if customization_block
end
# @private
def self.examples
@examples ||= []
end
# @private
def self.filtered_examples
world.filtered_examples[self]
end
# @private
def self.descendant_filtered_examples
@descendant_filtered_examples ||= filtered_examples + children.inject([]){|l,c| l + c.descendant_filtered_examples}
end
# The [Metadata](Metadata) object associated with this group.
# @see Metadata
def self.metadata
@metadata if defined?(@metadata)
end
# @private
# @return [Metadata] belonging to the parent of a nested {ExampleGroup}
def self.superclass_metadata
@superclass_metadata ||= self.superclass.respond_to?(:metadata) ? self.superclass.metadata : nil
end
# Generates a subclass of this example group which inherits
# everything except the examples themselves.
#
# ## Examples
#
# describe "something" do # << This describe method is defined in
# # << RSpec::Core::DSL, included in the
# # << global namespace
# before do
# do_something_before
# end
#
# let(:thing) { Thing.new }
#
# describe "attribute (of something)" do
# # examples in the group get the before hook
# # declared above, and can access `thing`
# end
# end
#
# @see DSL#describe
def self.describe(*args, &example_group_block)
@_subclass_count ||= 0
@_subclass_count += 1
args << {} unless args.last.is_a?(Hash)
args.last.update(:example_group_block => example_group_block)
# TODO 2010-05-05: Because we don't know if const_set is thread-safe
child = const_set(
"Nested_#{@_subclass_count}",
subclass(self, args, &example_group_block)
)
children << child
child
end
class << self
alias_method :context, :describe
end
# @private
def self.subclass(parent, args, &example_group_block)
subclass = Class.new(parent)
subclass.set_it_up(*args)
subclass.module_eval(&example_group_block) if example_group_block
subclass
end
# @private
def self.children
@children ||= [].extend(Extensions::Ordered::ExampleGroups)
end
# @private
def self.descendants
@_descendants ||= [self] + children.inject([]) {|list, c| list + c.descendants}
end
## @private
def self.parent_groups
@parent_groups ||= ancestors.select {|a| a < RSpec::Core::ExampleGroup}
end
# @private
def self.top_level?
@top_level ||= superclass == ExampleGroup
end
# @private
def self.ensure_example_groups_are_configured
unless defined?(@@example_groups_configured)
RSpec.configuration.configure_mock_framework
RSpec.configuration.configure_expectation_framework
@@example_groups_configured = true
end
end
# @private
def self.set_it_up(*args)
# Ruby 1.9 has a bug that can lead to infinite recursion and a
# SystemStackError if you include a module in a superclass after
# including it in a subclass: https://gist.github.com/845896
# To prevent this, we must include any modules in RSpec::Core::ExampleGroup
# before users create example groups and have a chance to include
# the same module in a subclass of RSpec::Core::ExampleGroup.
# So we need to configure example groups here.
ensure_example_groups_are_configured
symbol_description = args.shift if args.first.is_a?(Symbol)
args << build_metadata_hash_from(args)
args.unshift(symbol_description) if symbol_description
@metadata = RSpec::Core::Metadata.new(superclass_metadata).process(*args)
world.configure_group(self)
hooks.register_globals(self, RSpec.configuration.hooks)
end
# @private
def self.before_all_ivars
@before_all_ivars ||= {}
end
# @private
def self.store_before_all_ivars(example_group_instance)
return if example_group_instance.instance_variables.empty?
example_group_instance.instance_variables.each { |ivar|
before_all_ivars[ivar] = example_group_instance.instance_variable_get(ivar)
}
end
# @private
def self.assign_before_all_ivars(ivars, example_group_instance)
ivars.each { |ivar, val| example_group_instance.instance_variable_set(ivar, val) }
end
# @private
def self.run_before_all_hooks(example_group_instance)
return if descendant_filtered_examples.empty?
assign_before_all_ivars(superclass.before_all_ivars, example_group_instance)
run_hook(:before, :all, example_group_instance)
store_before_all_ivars(example_group_instance)
end
# @private
def self.run_around_each_hooks(example, initial_procsy)
run_hook(:around, :each, example, initial_procsy)
end
# @private
def self.run_before_each_hooks(example)
run_hook(:before, :each, example)
end
# @private
def self.run_after_each_hooks(example)
run_hook(:after, :each, example)
end
# @private
def self.run_after_all_hooks(example_group_instance)
return if descendant_filtered_examples.empty?
assign_before_all_ivars(before_all_ivars, example_group_instance)
begin
run_hook(:after, :all, example_group_instance)
rescue => e
# TODO: come up with a better solution for this.
RSpec.configuration.reporter.message <<-EOS
An error occurred in an after(:all) hook.
#{e.class}: #{e.message}
occurred at #{e.backtrace.first}
EOS
end
end
# Runs all the examples in this group
def self.run(reporter)
if RSpec.wants_to_quit
RSpec.clear_remaining_example_groups if top_level?
return
end
reporter.example_group_started(self)
begin
run_before_all_hooks(new)
result_for_this_group = run_examples(reporter)
results_for_descendants = children.ordered.map {|child| child.run(reporter)}.all?
result_for_this_group && results_for_descendants
rescue Exception => ex
fail_filtered_examples(ex, reporter)
ensure
run_after_all_hooks(new)
before_all_ivars.clear
reporter.example_group_finished(self)
end
end
# @private
def self.run_examples(reporter)
filtered_examples.ordered.map do |example|
next if RSpec.wants_to_quit
instance = new
set_ivars(instance, before_all_ivars)
succeeded = example.run(instance, reporter)
RSpec.wants_to_quit = true if fail_fast? && !succeeded
succeeded
end.all?
end
# @private
def self.fail_filtered_examples(exception, reporter)
filtered_examples.each { |example| example.fail_with_exception(reporter, exception) }
children.each do |child|
reporter.example_group_started(child)
child.fail_filtered_examples(exception, reporter)
reporter.example_group_finished(child)
end
false
end
# @private
def self.fail_fast?
RSpec.configuration.fail_fast?
end
# @private
def self.any_apply?(filters)
metadata.any_apply?(filters)
end
# @private
def self.all_apply?(filters)
metadata.all_apply?(filters)
end
# @private
def self.declaration_line_numbers
@declaration_line_numbers ||= [metadata[:example_group][:line_number]] +
examples.collect {|e| e.metadata[:line_number]} +
children.inject([]) {|l,c| l + c.declaration_line_numbers}
end
# @private
def self.top_level_description
parent_groups.last.description
end
# @private
def self.set_ivars(instance, ivars)
ivars.each {|name, value| instance.instance_variable_set(name, value)}
end
# @deprecated use the first argument passed to the block instead
def example
RSpec.deprecate("example", "a block arg")
@_current_rspec_example
end
# @api private
def example=(example)
@_current_rspec_example = example
end
# @deprecated use the first argument passed to the block instead
def running_example
RSpec.deprecate("running_example", "a block arg")
@_current_rspec_example
end
# Returns the class or module passed to the `describe` method (or alias).
# Returns nil if the subject is not a class or module.
# @example
# describe Thing do
# it "does something" do
# described_class == Thing
# end
# end
#
#
def described_class
self.class.described_class
end
# @private
# instance_evals the block, capturing and reporting an exception if
# raised
def instance_eval_with_rescue(example, context = nil, &hook)
begin
instance_eval_with_args(example, &hook)
rescue Exception => e
raise unless @_current_rspec_example
@_current_rspec_example.set_exception(e, context)
end
end
end
end
end
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