Adapter to enable broadcasting of events to multiple separate socket.io server nodes.
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darrachequesne [docs] Fix Cluster example in the README
The previous example would lead to "Connection in subscriber mode, only subscriber commands may
be used" errors.

Fixes #274
Latest commit 8fe4e03 May 4, 2018

README.md

socket.io-redis

Build Status NPM version

How to use

const io = require('socket.io')(3000);
const redisAdapter = require('socket.io-redis');
io.adapter(redisAdapter({ host: 'localhost', port: 6379 }));

By running socket.io with the socket.io-redis adapter you can run multiple socket.io instances in different processes or servers that can all broadcast and emit events to and from each other.

So any of the following commands:

io.emit('hello', 'to all clients');
io.to('room42').emit('hello', "to all clients in 'room42' room");

io.on('connection', (socket) => {
  socket.broadcast.emit('hello', 'to all clients except sender');
  socket.to('room42').emit('hello', "to all clients in 'room42' room except sender");
});

will properly be broadcast to the clients through the Redis Pub/Sub mechanism.

If you need to emit events to socket.io instances from a non-socket.io process, you should use socket.io-emitter.

API

adapter(uri[, opts])

uri is a string like localhost:6379 where your redis server is located. For a list of options see below.

adapter(opts)

The following options are allowed:

  • key: the name of the key to pub/sub events on as prefix (socket.io)
  • host: host to connect to redis on (localhost)
  • port: port to connect to redis on (6379)
  • pubClient: optional, the redis client to publish events on
  • subClient: optional, the redis client to subscribe to events on
  • requestsTimeout: optional, after this timeout the adapter will stop waiting from responses to request (5000ms)

If you decide to supply pubClient and subClient, make sure you use node_redis as a client or one with an equivalent API.

RedisAdapter

The redis adapter instances expose the following properties that a regular Adapter does not

  • uid
  • prefix
  • pubClient
  • subClient
  • requestsTimeout

RedisAdapter#clients(rooms:Array, fn:Function)

Returns the list of client IDs connected to rooms across all nodes. See Namespace#clients(fn:Function)

io.of('/').adapter.clients((err, clients) => {
  console.log(clients); // an array containing all connected socket ids
});

io.of('/').adapter.clients(['room1', 'room2'], (err, clients) => {
  console.log(clients); // an array containing socket ids in 'room1' and/or 'room2'
});

// you can also use

io.in('room3').clients((err, clients) => {
  console.log(clients); // an array containing socket ids in 'room3'
});

RedisAdapter#clientRooms(id:String, fn:Function)

Returns the list of rooms the client with the given ID has joined (even on another node).

io.of('/').adapter.clientRooms('<my-id>', (err, rooms) => {
  if (err) { /* unknown id */ }
  console.log(rooms); // an array containing every room a given id has joined.
});

RedisAdapter#allRooms(fn:Function)

Returns the list of all rooms.

io.of('/').adapter.allRooms((err, rooms) => {
  console.log(rooms); // an array containing all rooms (accross every node)
});

RedisAdapter#remoteJoin(id:String, room:String, fn:Function)

Makes the socket with the given id join the room. The callback will be called once the socket has joined the room, or with an err argument if the socket was not found.

io.of('/').adapter.remoteJoin('<my-id>', 'room1', (err) => {
  if (err) { /* unknown id */ }
  // success
});

RedisAdapter#remoteLeave(id:String, room:String, fn:Function)

Makes the socket with the given id leave the room. The callback will be called once the socket has left the room, or with an err argument if the socket was not found.

io.of('/').adapter.remoteLeave('<my-id>', 'room1', (err) => {
  if (err) { /* unknown id */ }
  // success
});

RedisAdapter#remoteDisconnect(id:String, close:Boolean, fn:Function)

Makes the socket with the given id to get disconnected. If close is set to true, it also closes the underlying socket. The callback will be called once the socket was disconnected, or with an err argument if the socket was not found.

io.of('/').adapter.remoteDisconnect('<my-id>', true, (err) => {
  if (err) { /* unknown id */ }
  // success
});

RedisAdapter#customRequest(data:Object, fn:Function)

Sends a request to every nodes, that will respond through the customHook method.

// on every node
io.of('/').adapter.customHook = (data, cb) => {
  cb('hello ' + data);
}

// then
io.of('/').adapter.customRequest('john', function(err, replies){
  console.log(replies); // an array ['hello john', ...] with one element per node
});

Client error handling

Access the pubClient and subClient properties of the Redis Adapter instance to subscribe to its error event:

const adapter = require('socket.io-redis')('localhost:6379');
adapter.pubClient.on('error', function(){});
adapter.subClient.on('error', function(){});

The errors emitted from pubClient and subClient will also be forwarded to the adapter instance:

const io = require('socket.io')(3000);
const redisAdapter = require('socket.io-redis');
io.adapter(redisAdapter({ host: 'localhost', port: 6379 }));
io.of('/').adapter.on('error', function(){});

Custom client (eg: with authentication)

If you need to create a redisAdapter to a redis instance that has a password, use pub/sub options instead of passing a connection string.

const redis = require('redis');
const redisAdapter = require('socket.io-redis');
const pub = redis.createClient(port, host, { auth_pass: "pwd" });
const sub = redis.createClient(port, host, { auth_pass: "pwd" });
io.adapter(redisAdapter({ pubClient: pub, subClient: sub }));

With ioredis client

Cluster example

const io = require('socket.io')(3000);
const redisAdapter = require('socket.io-redis');
const Redis = require('ioredis');

const startupNodes = [
  {
    port: 6380,
    host: '127.0.0.1'
  },
  {
    port: 6381,
    host: '127.0.0.1'
  }
];

io.adapter(redisAdapter({
  pubClient: new Redis.Cluster(startupNodes),
  subClient: new Redis.Cluster(startupNodes)
}));

Sentinel Example

const io = require('socket.io')(3000);
const redisAdapter = require('socket.io-redis');
const Redis = require('ioredis');

const options = {
  sentinels: [
    { host: 'somehost1', port: 26379 },
    { host: 'somehost2', port: 26379 }
  ],
  name: 'master01'
};

io.adapter(redisAdapter({
  pubClient: new Redis(options),
  subClient: new Redis(options)
}));

Protocol

The socket.io-redis adapter broadcasts and receives messages on particularly named Redis channels. For global broadcasts the channel name is:

prefix + '#' + namespace + '#'

In broadcasting to a single room the channel name is:

prefix + '#' + namespace + '#' + room + '#'

A number of other libraries adopt this protocol including:

License

MIT